The Byzantine Economy
This is a concise survey of the economy of the Byzantine Empire from the fourth century AD to the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Organised chronologically, the book addresses key themes such as demography, agriculture, manufacturing and the urban economy, trade, monetary developments, and the role of the state and ideology. It provides a comprehensive overview of the economy with an emphasis on the economic actions of the state and the productive role of the city and non-economic actors, such as landlords, artisans and money-changers. The final chapter compares the Byzantine economy with the economies of western Europe and concludes that the Byzantine economy was one of the most successful examples of a mixed economy in the pre-industrial world. This is the only concise general history of the Byzantine economy and will be essential reading for students of economic history, Byzantine history and medieval history more generally.
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and monasteries attracting new residences points to the revival
the state did in speciﬁc matters exercise strong inﬂuence but
objects Here we have the substitution of semiluxury objects for
imperial expeditions62 But the organization of these stud farms is
Metalwork and leatherwork Copperworkers khalkitai produced both
exchange and trade
were limited The Rus were ﬁrst prohibited from residing within
textiles metalwork and glass and brought to the city much
transactions which prevented debasement from having the negative
Petchenegs were settled in the southern part of Serbia in
Byzantium and the crusader states were the ones least capable
a weak state abandons the economy
Others ﬁlled the void thus created To some extent the
have close parallels to the position of the literati in
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A. E. Laiou activity Aegean Agrarian agricultural Amorion areas aristocracy Asia Minor Athens Balkans Basil II Bithynia Black Sea Byzance Byzantine economy Byzantine Empire Byzantine merchants Byzantium c´eramique capital cent centers of production ceramics coinage commercial Constantinople Corinth countryside Crete Crusade cultivation Dagron debasement early eastern Mediterranean Egypt eighth century eleventh and twelfth eleventh century elite demand emperors estates evidence exchange expansion export ﬁnds ﬁrst ﬁscal fourteenth century Fourth Crusade Genoese glass glazed gold coins grain Hendy hyperpyra hyperpyron imperial important increased Italian Italy Jacoby l’Empire land landlords landowners Lefort Macedonia manufacturing medieval miliaresion monasteries Monemvasia Morrisson ninth nomisma ofﬁcials Oikonomides Ottoman Palaiologan Paris paroikoi peasants Peloponnese period population pottery privileges proﬁt proﬁtable regional role si`ecle signiﬁcant silk cloth silk industry silver speciﬁc tenth century territories textiles Thessalonike thirteenth century Thrace tion trade twelfth century urban economy Venetians village Ware Western Europe
Page 30 - Little else is requisite to carry a State to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice ; all the rest being brought about by the natural course of things.
Page 141 - The Economic Region of Constantinople: From Directed Economy to Free Economy and the Role of the Italians,
Page 134 - Mango in G. Dagron and C. Mango (eds.), Constantinople and its hinterland (Aldershot 1995) 319.
Page 76 - The alloy of the Byzantine miliaresion and the question of the reminting of Islamic silver', HBN (forthcoming).
Page 99 - P. Grierson and M. Blackburn, Medieval European Coinage I, The Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1986), pp. 55—73, 210, 259—66; see also A. Rovelli, "Emissione e uso della moneta: le testimonianze scritte e archeologiche," in Roma nell'alto Medioevo (Spoleto, 2001), pp.
Page 64 - Byzantium and the early medieval west: problems and opportunities', in G. Arnaldi and G. Cavallo (eds), Europa Medievale e Mondo Bizantino. Contatti effettivi e possibilita di studi comparati, Nuovi studi storici 40 (Rome, 1997), 2-3, 8-10. 92 Nerlich, Gesandtschaften, 48. 93 AB, 205; Deshman, 'Prayerbook', 395. 94 Deshman, 'Prayerbook', 385-90, 394-9, and fig. 1; W. Koehler and F. Mutherich, Die karolingischen Miniaturen. V, Die Hofschule Karls des Kahlen...
Page 67 - L'incastellamento ei suoi destini, undici anni dopo il Latium di P. Toubert,
Page 229 - Activation and XRF Analysis: An Application to the Study of the Alloy of Nicaean and Palaeologan Hyperpyra Issues," in WA Oddy, ed., Metallurgy in Numismatics, Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publication 19 (London, 1988), II, pp.
Page 104 - Observations on the Demography of the Byzantine Empire', Thirteenth International Congress of Byzantine Studies, Oxford 1.966, pp.