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COLONIAL OFFICERS who have undertaken to ANSWER, as far

as in their power, ENQUIRIES addressed to them, post
paid, by persons in the United Kingdom, respecting their

EMIGRATION FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM DURING
FRIENDS or RELATIVES in the COLONIES.

THE 56 YEARS, FROM 1815 to 1871 INCLUSIVE.
NORTH AMERICA.
Colony.

Officer.
Address.

North

Australian
United

All

Colonies
Canada

Years. American
Department of Agriculture Ottawa.

other
States. and New

Total. Nova Scotia

Colonies.
The Deputy Secretary Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Zealand.

Places.
New Brunswick The Immigration Agent - St. John.
Newfoundland
Timothy Mitchell, Esq., St. John's.

1815

680
1,209

192 2,081 Inspector of Police.

1816 8,370 9,022

118 British Columbia The Colonial Secretary

12,510 Victoria.

1817
9,797 10,280

557 20,634 AUSTRALIA.

1818
15,136 12,429

222 27,787 New South Wales The Colonial Secretary

1819
Sydney.

23,534
10,674

579

34,787 Victoria

The
Commissioner of Melbourne.

1820 17,921
6,745

1,063 25,729 Trade and Customs.

1821 12,955 4,958

384

18,297 South Australia Commissioner of Crown

1822
Adelaide.

16,013
4,137

279

20,429 Lands & Immigration.

1823 11,355 5,032

163

16,550 Western Australia Tbe Immigration Agent - Perth.

1824 8,774 5,152

99

14,025 New Zealand The Colonial Secretary

1825 Auckland.

8,741 5,561

485
114

14,891
1826
The Superintendents of

12,818 7,063

903

116 20,900 the several Provinces.

1827 12,648 14,526

715

114 23,003 Chairman of the County

1828
12,084 12,817 1,056 135

26,1792 Council of Westland.

1829 13,307 15,678 2,016

197

31,198 Tasmania The Colonial Secretary

1830
Hobartown.
30,574 24,887 1,242

204

56,907 Queensland The Immigration Agent - Brisbane. 1831 68,067 23,418 1,561 114

83,160 Assist. Immigration Agent Rock bampton. 1832 66,339 32,872 3,733 196

103,140 1833 Maryborough. 28,808 29,109 4,093

517

625,27 Port Denison,

1834 40,060 33,074 2,800 288 76,222 1835

15,573 26,720 1,800 325 AFRICA.

44,478 1836 34,226

37,774 Cape

293 The Colonial Secretary

3,124

75,417 Cape Town.

1837 Natal

29,884 36,770 5,054 826 The Colonial Secretary

72,034 Natal.

1838 4,577
14,332 14,021 292

33,222

1839
EMIGRATION TO THE SEVERAL AUSTRALIAN

12,658 33,536
15,786 227

62,207 1840

32,293 40,642 15,850 1,958 90,743 COLONIES, FROM 1838* To 1871.

1841 38,164 45,017 32,625 2,786 118,592
1842
54,123
63,852 8,534

1,835

128,344 1843 23,518 28,835 3,478 1,881 57,212 1844 22,924 43,660

2,229

1,873 70,086 Year.

Total.

1845
81,803 58,538

830 2,330 93,501 1846 43,439 82,239 2,347 1,826

129,851 1847 109,680 142,164 4,949 1,487

258,270 1838 10,189 3 571 3,143 115

14,021

1848 31,065 188,233 23,904 4,887 248,089 1830 8,455 1,161 328 4,856 268

1849
115,786
41,367 219,450 32,191 6,490

299,498

1850
1840 7,648
3,473 299

32,961
2,748
1,458

223,078
224

16,037 10,850

8,773 280,849 1851

267,357
17,492
9,894

42,605
806
175 357 3,901

21,532
4,472

335,966 32,625

1852 1842 1,450

32,873 244,261
2,448
864
145 563

87,881
3,064 8,534

3,749

868,764

1853 1843 2,439 24

34,522
627

230,885
45
343

61,401 3,129

329,937 3,478

1854 1844 1,179

43,761
1

193,065
934
47

83,237
68

3,366 323,429 2,229

1855 1845 73

17,966 103,414
423 20

52,309
800
14

3,118
830

176,807

1856 1845

111,837
36

16,378
81
$2,224

44,584 8,755
6 2,347

176,554

1857 21,001 126,905
1847
726

387
8 3,512
816 4,949

61,248 3,721 212,875

1858 1848

59,716
7,622

7,399
218

9,704
78,52
62

89,295
751

5,257 23,904

113,972

1859 1849 8,403 10,562

6,689 535 10,805

31,013 11

70,303 1,825

12,427 32,191

120,432

1860 9,786 87,500 24,302 6,881 128,469 Total

1861 84,644 4,359

12,707 49,764 23,738 47,068

5,561 10 years) 27,903 1,217 11,746 126,937

91,770 1862

15,522 68,706 41.843 5,143 121,214

1863 18.50

4,682
270

18,083
3,661

146,813 5,108 816

53,054 2,005 16,037

5,808 223,758 1864

12,721
18.51
4,508
6,212

147,042
800
7,048
287

40,942
2,677
21,532

8,195 208,900

1865 17,211 147,258 63,719 1852 12,736 1,417

37,283
7,552

8,049
739
1,71887,881

209,801 1866 13.255

161,000 183

40,469
10,673
991

24,097
6,883 965 1,420

6,630

204,882 61,401

1867
51,291
4,312

15,503
18.5
11,457

159,275 14,647

14,466
480

6,709
1,050
83,237

195,953
1868
21,072

21,206 155,532
18.55
14,050
11,333

12,809
3,457
96

6,922
2,301 52,309

196,325

1869 33,891 203,001
18.56
1815

14,901
9,810
24,314

4,512 129
4,004 44,584

6,234 258,027 1870

35,295 196,075 17,065 1857 10,379

40,921 2,113
3,646 382 3,807

8,5115 236,940 61,248

1871

32,671 198,813 12,227
1858
7,214
21,660 806
3,982

8,694
255
5,872 89,295

252,435 1859 5,439 14,030 931 1,556 499

8,558 31,013

Total 1,424,442 4,671,515 1,000,650 169,465 7,266,072 Total 10 years 288,376 16,412 63,072 4,148 33,412 | 498,537 Average Annual Emigration From 1815 to 1870

127,475 1850

from the United Kingdom | For the 10 years ending 1871 212,823 3,671 303 12,979

483

1,245 879 5,242 24,302 1881 1,626 2,480 14,236 258 422 141

4,555

23,758 1862 4,100 8,675 15.353 887 1,365 623 11,440 41,843 1863 6,379 10,339 20,261 38 1,898 220 13,919 53,054

* The Customs Returns do not record any Emigration to 1864 4,689 7,183 13,909 50 2,842 299 11,970 40,942

Australia during these 10 years, but it appears from other sources 1965 2,623 12,551 9,713 40

5,145 174 7,037 37,283

that there went out in 1821, 320 ; in 1822, 875; in 1823, 543; iu 1868 1,748 6,054 8,531 7 3,392 167 4,298 24,097

1824, 780 ; and in 1825, 458 persons. These numbers have not been 1867 1,318 7.898 25 624 163 3,984 14,466

included in the Totals of this Table. 1868 1,318 685 6,566 18 8.51 168 3,703 12,809 1869 796 2,318 8,649

315 161 26 2,636 14,901 Total

1,621 17,445 2,360 68,784 287,435 years 1870 1,043 2,593 9,103 27 311 56 3,932 17,065 1871

966 1,315 6,570 11 381 36 2,948 12,227 Total years || 189,006 54,850 457,972 | 23,329 | 117,111 8,200 120,822 972,008

• Before 1838, the Returns do not distinguish to which of the Australian Colonies the Emigrants proceeded.

† Prior to the 10th December 1859 this Colony formed part of New Souta Waies; the nuivers therefore ior Queensiand are inciuded in those under the head of New South Wales up to the end of 1859.

718 of this number emigrated to the Australian Colonies menorolle the colony not being distinmuished

1841

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}|28,168 50,942 118,115

PROBABLE COST OF PASSAGES FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM TO THE BRITISH COLONIES

AND AMERICA.

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London
Plymouth

Liverpool -
QUEBEC

Glasgow
Cork -
Londonderry

London
NEW BRUNSWICK -

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Glasgow ( London

Liverpool HALIFAX

Glasgow (Clyde)

Cork (Queenstown) NEWFOUNDLAND

London (Via New

York and San BRITISHCOLUMBIA

Francisco, time

24 days AND

151. to 181.

181.
81. to 121.

121.
181.

121. 151, 151. 158. to 181. 18.

91. 91. 131. 138.

91. 98. (a)
157.158. to 181, 18s.

91. 68.
181, 188.
151.
91. to 101.

87.
131. 138.
151.
91. to 101.

87.
151. 158. to 221. 2s.

131. 138.
151. 158. to 211. 188

121.
Usual route by steamer to Halifax, thence by colonial steamer to St. John's.

Fare from Halifax, 21.
521. 108.

631.
261. 158.

411,

207.

97. 9s. 62. 6. 61. Es. 82. 10s.

301

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NORTH WEST TERRITORY} See page 14 |

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CAPE OF GOOD HOPE London
ALGOA BAY

London

311. 108.
311. 108.
361. 158.

211.

217. 261, 58.

151, 158.
151. 158.
161. 16s.

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367. 158.

261. 58. (a)

162 166

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MAURITIUS

(London
Liverpool -
Marseilles (per

Messageries Im

periales Co.) London

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CEYLON

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1

431. 108. (6)
251. to 801.
251. to 301.
251. to 301.

231. 10. (5) 151. 15s, to 162

157. 158. to k.

301. 801. 451. 501, 401. 502. 501. 501. 501. 502. 501. 501. 507, 501.

351.

201.
821.
65l. (b)

251.
601. to 751.

251. 631. to 787.

211. 601. to 751.

251. 201. (a)

251. 261. 261. 257. 261, 251, 261.

252, (c)

251.
(c)

201. to 251.
221. to 281.

171. (a)
.

61. to 81.
121. 128. to 231. 12s.

131. 13s.
131. 138.to 151. 158. 41. 108. (a)
121, 12s, to 182.181.

HONG KONG

Liverpool FALKLAND ISLANDS London

London

Liverpool
VICTORIA

Plymouth
Glasgow

London
New SOUTH WALES Liverpool

Plymouth

London South AUSTRALIA Liverpool

Plymouth QUEENSLAND

Plymouth TASMANIA

London WESTERN

AUS

London TRALIA

London NEW ZEALAND Liverpool

Glasgow (London

Liverpool NEW YORK - Glasgow

| Londonderry

(Cork (Queenstown) NEW ORLEANS

Liverpool

Londonderry BOSTON

Cork PHILADELPHIA - { Liverpool CALIFORNIA London

201.
151.
151.
151.
141.
151.
181.
151.
152.
192,
151.
151.

151.
151. to 182.

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(c)

421. to 801.
421. to 801.

501,
361. 158.
101. to 121.
121. 128.

181. to 20%.
161. to 202.
161, to 181,

151.
41
41.

121.

61. Be

101.

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Note. - The Fares include provisions, but not usually wines or spirits. Cabin and intermediate passengers in steamers are als supplied by the ship with bedding and table necessaries; but in sailing ships, with table necessaries only. Steerage passengen steamers and in sailing ships have to provide their own bedding and mess utensils.

Half fares are usually charged for cbildren between the ages of 1 and 8 in steamers, and between 1 and 12 in sailing ships to the
British Colonies.

(a) Without bedding or table necessaries.
(0) No steamers direct. By steamer to Montevideo and thence by mail schooner (sailing ship) to Falklands.

(C) No steamers direct. By steamer to Melbourne, fares as above, thence by inter-colonial steamers. Faren from Melboranse steamer

to Adelaide, Saloon 61. 6s., 2nd Cabin 31. 38.;-to Hobarton, Saloon 41. 108., Fore Cabin 11., and to Sydney, Cabin 8l. Staecae IL IN

Saloon ol Steamers to Oueensland in Sydney

FREE AND ASSISTED PASSAGES. The only colonies which at present promote immigration from the United Kingdom by means of their public funds are Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania, some of the provinces of New Zealand, and the Canadian Dominion.

The system on which assistance is afforded varies in each colony, as more fully explained below.

approved by the Agent General, are eligible for assisted passages, upon payment of 8l. before embarkation, and giving an undertaking to pay to the colonial government the balance of the passage money, computed at the rate of 161. per statute adult, within 12 months after arrival.

Colonial nominees are provided with passages upon payments, ranging from 41, to 82, made to the immigration agent at Brisbane by resident colonists, who also undertake to pay the balance within 12 months after the arrival of their nominees.

The following is the scale of payments in the Colony for nominated passages :-

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Victoria.-Immigration into the colony, at the expense of the colonial funds, is governed by regulations issued by the local government at Melbourne, on the 16th June 1870, amended by regulations dated 11th October 1871.

Passage Warrants.-Residents in the colony, by making the subjoined payments to the Colonial Government, may obtain what are called “ Passage Warrants” for the introduction of their relatives and friends.

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£ 9 5

No. 195.

These payments are at the maximum rates fixed by the Colonial Immigration Statute, 1864, 27 Vict.

The passage warrants are valid for 9 months only, after the date of their issue in the Colony, and in certain cases are transferable with the previous sanction of the Agent General for Victoria.

The persons named in the passage warrants or their transferees are provided with free passages from this country by the Colonial Agent, whose address is No. 8, Victoria Chambers, Victoria Street, Westminster, S.W. No other emigrants are at present assisted to emigrate to this colony.

New South Wales.— The Emigration Commissioners grant free passages to single female domestic servants of good character not exceeding 35 years of age, and to a limited number of married agricultural labourers with not more than one child under four years of age. Passages can also be granted to certain classes of married mechanics on payments varying with age and sex from ll. tu 8l. for each person.

South AUSTRALIA.-Free and assisted emigration to this colony is suspended. QUEENSLAND.--Emigration to Queensland is

regulated by “The Immigration Act, 1869.” At present female servants are provided with free passages. To a limited extent farmers and farm labourers may obtain passages without prepayment on con

an undertaking to repay the Colonial Government the cost of their passages within 24 months after arrival in the colony:

Shepherds, mechanics connected with railways and the builing trades, and such other classes as may be

N.B. Children under 12 months old will be taken free, but no land orders will be issued on their account.

In return for these payments the nominor will receive an order for the selection of 40 acres of land for each person 12 years of age and upwards, and 20 acres for each child between the ages of 1 and 12 years, subject to conditions of residence, cultivation, &c. Subject to the same conditions, orders for the selection of land are granted to free and assisted passengers upon payment of their undertakings.

The Act also provides for the hiring in Europe, through the agents of the colony, of mechanics, labourers, or servants, for two years, on behalf of employers in the colony. In such cases, the

persons hired are required to give an undertaking to repay. to the colonial government, within 24 months of their arrival, 161., or where an assisted passage is granted 8l. per adult for their passage; and the employers are required to endorse on that undertaking a guarantee for the payment, should the immigrant make default therein. If the employer has to make the payment, he will be entitled to receive the order for the selection of land to which the immigrant would otherwise have been entitled, but without the conditions of residence, &c., imposed upon the immigrant.

Applications for free or assisted passages are to be addressed to the colonial agent, Mr. James Wheeler, 32, Charing Cross, London, S.W. TASMANIA.—To this Colony the

assisted emigration is carried on by means of “Bounty Tickets,” which are procurable in the Colony,

The following, taken from the Government Notice, issued in Hobart Town under date 1st January 1868, shows the scale of payments, and the conditions under which the “Bounty Tickets? are granted.

dition of signing

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him to select 20 acres within 12 months after the arrival of his wife (if any), and also a further certificate authorizing him to select 10 acres in respect of each child within 12 months after the arrival of such child in Tasmania, such selections to be made within 12 months after the date of such certificates; and every such certificate shall be received in par. ment by the Commissioner of Crown Lands for the purchase money of any waste lands selected by virtue of such certificate for purchase under the nineteenth section of The Waste Lands Act, 1863.

No person who pays the purchase money for any waste lands of the Crown by virtue of any such Land Order, or who selects land under any such ! certificate as aforesaid, shall be entitled to claim a grant from the Crown of the land so paid for or selected until he has resided for five years in Tasmania: Provided that, in case he should die before he has resided for five years in Tasmania, his heirat-law or devisee, as the case may be, shall be forthwith entitled to a grant of the said land: And provided further, that in case any such person ceases to reside in Tasmania before the expiration of five years after his arrival, the land so purchased by virtue of any such Land Order or selected under any such certificate shall revert to the Crown and become waste land.

Payments required from Applicants. For a family ticket, including a man and his wife, with all their children under 12 years of age at the time of embarkation

£15 For a ticket for a single female

£5 For a ticket for a single male

£10 All children of 12 years of age or upwards at embarkation are to be considered as adults, and must each have a separate single ticket.

No ticket will be issued for the introduction of any “single” person above the age of 60 years at the time of sailing of the vessel from the United Kingdom unless upon payment of 161., and documentary evidence of the age of any immigrant must be produced, when required, to the satisfaction of the Immigration Agent upon the immigrant's arrival in the Colony, otherwise the person intro. ducing such immigrant will be liable for the whole of the passage money.

In the case of families, if the parents or either of them are over the age of 60 years at the time of sailing, the deposit to be made by the person procuring the ticket will be 201. The "

engagement set out in the Bounty Ticket must be signed by the emigrant (for himself and family), agreeing not to leave Tasmania within four years after arrival without having previously paid to the Immigration Agent at Hobart Town or Launceston one-fourth of the whole cost of the passage money for every year wanting to complete four years residence in the Colony, and a proportionate sum for every part of a year.

Persons who introduce immigrants under these regulations must provide for their reception onarrival.

By an Act passed on the 11th October 1867 (31st Vict, No. 26) the Board of Immigration are authorized to appoint Agents in Europe for the selection of emigrants, such Agents to grant to any approved emigrant who has not previously resided in the Colony, and who proceeds direct from Europe to Tasmania, and who pays the full cost of the passage of himself or any other person being a member of his own family, a Land Order Warrant which shall entitle the holder to receive on his arrival in the Colony a Land Order of the nominal value of 181. for each emigrant of the age of 15 years and upwards, and 91. for each child between the ages of 12 months and 15 years.

These Land Orders will be received in payment of land sold at any Government land sale or selected for purchase under The Waste Lands Act, 1863."

The Act further provides as follows:

Any person arriving in the Colony with the intention of settling therein, from Europe or India, whose passage money to the Colony is paid by himself as a cabin or intermediate passenger, and who has not previously received or accepted a Land Order as herein-before provided, shall, at any time within 12 months after his arrival in the Colony, be entitled to demand from the Board of Immigration, and shall thereupon receive, a certificate authorizing such person to select 30 acres of land; and in case such person arrives under the circumstances aforesaid with a family, then such person shall be entitled to a further certificate authorizing

New ZEALAND. Assisted passages are granted to the following classes of persons :-Navvies, general farın labourers, ploughmen, gardeners, shepherds, a few country mechanics, and to single female domestic servants and dairymaids.

I. Married couples and families can obtain passages on payment down of 51. per adult, or when payment at that rate cannot be made, upon giving a promissory note for a sum equal to double the amount remaining unpaid, according to the follow. ing scale :When 1l. per adult is paid in cash,

a promissory note for 8l, each adult. 21.

61. 31.

41. 41,

21. Assisted passages are not given to more than two children under 12 years (including infants) in each family; but parents may pay full passage money for children in excess of that number.

II. Single women.-Passages without prepayment are given to single female domestic servants and dairy maids between 15 and 35 years of age, who are required to give promissory notes for 5l eache payable in quarterly instalments, the first payment be made three months after the date of their arrival

III. Single men are required to pay 8l. each before embarkation, or 4l. before embarkation and give their promissory note for 8l, payable in the coloay.

Residents in New Zealand can secure passages for their friends by paying in the colony the sum of 5l. per adult and half-price for children.

For further particulars, application may be made to the Agent General for New Zealand, No. 7, Westminster Chambers, Victoria Street, Westminster, London, S.W.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA.—There are no Colonial funds appropriated for emigration to this Colony. It is only occasionally, when authorized by the Secretary of State, that the Emigration Commissioners can provide passages at the expense of Imperial funds for persons whose emigration has been recommended by the Governor.

Cape or Good Hope.—There is no provision at present for granting assistance of any kind to persons who wish to emigrate to the Colony.

Natal.- Assisted emigration is for the present suspended.

tain the endorsement of the emigration agent for Ontario at his office on the wharf at Point Levi.

4. The emigrant on arrival at the agency in the province of Ontario nearest to his intended desti. nation will then be provided for by the local agent, and sent by free pass or otherwise to where employment is to be had.

5. At any time after three months from date of the endorsement of the certificate at Quebec, and on proof that the emigrant has been and still is a settler in the province, the Government of Ontario will pay to the society or individual issuing the certificate the sum of ii. 48. 8d. per statute adult.

Applications for passage warrants and for assisted passages to Ontario under the above regulations should be addressed to Wm. Dixon, Esq., No. 11 Adam Street, Adelphi, London, W.C.: C. Foy, Esq., No. 11, Claremont Street, Belfast; and H. J. Larkin, Esq., 19, Eden Quay, Dublin.

British COLUMBIA.— In 1869 a sum of money was granted by the Colonial Government in aid of the emigration of female domestic servants, but the Commissioners have no information as to the mode in which it was applied, or whether any balance remains available for assisting the emigration of females.

To the other British Colonies there is no free or assisted emigration.

DOMINION OF CANADA.

AID TO EMIGRANTS UNDER THE LOCAL GOVERN

MENT BOARD.

A limited number of Assisted Passages are granted by the Government of Canada on board the steamships of the Allan line at the rate of 4l. 58. sterling for each adult; 21. 2s. 6d. for each child between 1 and 8 years of age ; and 14s. 2d. for each infant under 1 year. Ten cubic feet of luggage are allowed free to each statute adult. Persons eligible for these assisted passages must produce satisfactory certificates of character to the Agent of the Colony in this country, and declare their intention to become settlers in Canada.

The following is the substance of the Regulations of the Government of Ontario for granting assistance towards passages, dated Department of Agriculture and Public Works, Toronto, 1872:

The Ontario Government will pay to regularly organized emigration societies in the United King dom or in Ontario, or to individuals, the sum of six dollars or 11. 48. 8d. sterling for every statute adult sent to that province at the end of three months' continuous residence in the province, and on the following conditions :

1st. The society or individual sending out the emigrants in respect of whom the payment is to be asked shall forward them to an agent of the Government of Ontario with certificates in a prescribed form.

The Poor Law Act of 1834 and other quent Acts empower the application of the poor rate towards the emigration of poor persons, and enable guardians of unions and of parishes to promote emigration at the cost of their funds, with the order and subject to the regulations of the Local Government Board.

The several Acts relating to the removability of paupers and the chargeability of relief to the cominon fund have indirectly affected the previous enactments, and the present state of the law on the subject may be thus generally described :

Expenditure for emigration has, in the case of unions, become a common fund charge.

The written concurrence of the guardians of the parish, formerly necessary in unions, is therefore no longer required.

Excepting in the case of orphan or deserted children under 16 years of age, guardians of unions can expend money in the emigration of any poor person residing therein, whether actually in receipt of relief or not.

With the like exception, the guardians of a separate parish can expend money in the emigration of any poor person residing therein, who is settled in such parish or irremovable therefrom, whether in receipt of relief or not.

2nd. The emigrants sent out must be of good character and suitable, in the agent's opinion, to the wants of the colony. They must consist of at least 70 per cent. of the agricultural class, and not more than 30 per cent, mechanics, such as blacksmiths, bricklayers, carpenters, cabinet makers, painters, plasterers, saddlers, stonecutters, shoemakers, tailors, and tinsmiths. The emigrants must obtain the endorsement of the colonial agent to the form of certificate above referred to.

3. On arrival at Quebec the immigrant must ob

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