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Marine and inland leases are for 999 years, fara leases for 75 years.

The highest annual rental is that for marine lois, 1601. per acre. The lowest annual rental for inland lots is 21. per acre.

The highest premium hitherto received by Govers. ment for Crown land has been at the rate of 37,600/. per acre.

At Kowloon 79 acres of land are in the possession of Crown tenants. At present there is no demand here either for godowns or dwelling houses. A bar. rack has been erected by the military authorities, and a police station has been constructed by the Government.

There is little available pasture land in the Colony, the whole extent of which includes only 58 square miles, consisting chiefly of barren soil.

In addition to the land held under Crown leases, I there are considerable plots of ground held under yearly squatters' licences as gardens or paddy fields.

exceeding one-sixth of an acre in extent ; in the towns and villages, into lots not exceeding one acre in extent; and in other parts of Mauritius, and in the dependencies, into such lots as the Governor shall approve.

For the purposes of lease, in all localities the lands are to be divided into such lots, and in such manner as the Governor shall approve.

All sales are to be by public auction after due notice. The value of any buildings there may be on the land, and the upset price at which the land is to be sold are to be fixed by the Surveyor General. One tenth of the purchase money is to be paid down at the auction, and bond given for the payment of the remainder within one month. If the payment is not made, the deposit is forfeited, and the land liable to be put up again to auction.

Leases are to be for such periods, and upon such terms and conditions, as the Governor shall approve; and the rents for the same shall be invariably paid in advance.

The expense of survey, of entering into legal possession, and of the deed of sale or lease, is to be borne by the purchaser or lessee of the lot.

Occupied lands.-- Persons desirous of purchasing or obtaining the lease of occupied lands must submit to the Governor a written application stating the situation and boundaries of the same.

Should the application be granted, the applicant will be required to pay the purchase money or rent, after which a descriptive survey for the title deed will be furnished to the applicant by the Surveyor General.

Pas geometriques, extending inland to a distance of 250 French feet from high-water mark, parallel to the line of coast, will for the present be leased in such a manner as the Governor may approve.

Jouissances. No new jouissances of Crown land are to be granted. Persons holding existing jouissances will be required to exchange them for grants in perpetuity, or in lease, as the Governor shall determine; due regard being had to the terms of their title.

LABUAN, The principle adopted for the disposal of Crown lands in Labuan is that of fixing the annual quit rent and leasing the allotments for 999 years, with a premium to be paid to Government on grantins the lease, the amount of which is made dependent on the biddings at sale by public auction. This Dethod is similar to that practised in Hong Kong.

The quit rents are made payable in advance sanually, and may be redeemed on payment of ten years' purchase; if allowed to fall in arrears for more than one year, or if the land remains uncal. tivated or unimproved for three years, the lots reren to the Crown.

The redemption of the quit rent is made compar sory in cases when, by subdivision of allotments, the amount due to Government falls below one des per annum.

The power to redeem quit rents has also bers extended to the holders of lands leased under the ordinance hitherto in force.

All Coal and Minerals, with the right of entry to work them, are reserved to the Crown.

The rights of the Labuan Coal Company so purchase land in fee simple are also reserved.

It appears from a Despatch of the Governor, dated 28th December 1870, that seven country loes ef land put up to sale were bought by Malay settiers at prices varying from 5 dols. 50 cents to 26 dois, per acre, giving an average of nearly 15 dols. per acre, as a premium on the leases sold.

Ceylon. Crown lands are sold by auction at an upset price fixed by the Governor, at not less than ll. per acre. They must be previously surveyed by the Government, and duly advertised.

Hoxg Kong. The Crown lands are disposed of only on lease, by public auction, for a premium and at a fixed rental.

In case of every “ alternate, reserved, or United “ States' Section” along the line of railroads, the price is 2 dollars, or such other minimum as may be in force at the time.

Should the settler die before establishing his claim within the period limited by law, the title may be perfected by his legal representatives.

Military and Naval Settlers.

UNITED STATES. The following information relative to the disposal of lands in the United States is taken from the circular of the General Land Office, dated Washington, 29th August 1870.

Land Laws of the United States. In the United States the public lands are divided into two classes, designated as minimum and double minimum. The minimum class comprises lands of which the price is fixed at one dollar and a quarter per acre, and the double minimum comprises lands of which the price is fixed at 2} dollars per acre.

The mode of acquiring public lands is,-(1), by purchase at public auction; (2), by purchase at i private entry;" (3), by location with warrant ; (4), under the Pre-emption Laws; or (5), under the Homestead Laws.

Lands are offered” at auction either pursuant to the President's proclamation, or to public notice from the General Land Office. Lands offered, but not sold at auction and not withdrawn from public sale, may be purchased by written application for cash, at private entry," and the title deed will be issued in exchange for the receipt of the money. In cases of locations with warrants, the application for purchase must be accompanied by the warrant, and if the land located is of the double minimum class, by a cash payment of i dol. 25 cents per acre. The fees payable in respect of locations, range from 1 dollar for a 40 acre warrant, to 4 dollars for a 160 acre warrant.

The Pre-emption Laws are comprised in the five following Acts, dated,

4th Sept. 1841 ? Vol. 5, U. S. Statutes.
2nd June 1862 Vol. 12.
3rd Mar. 1853

The Homestead Acts are dated. 20th May 1862 (Principal Act). 21st March 1864 15th July 1870 21st June 1866 Extends the Principal Act to

Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Florida. All the public lands in these States must be disposed of under the provisions of the Act of 1862, and in no other

manner. These laws give to every citizen, and to those who have declared their intention to become such, the right to a homestead on surveyed lands to the extent of 160 acres of minimum or 1 dol. 25 cents lands, or of 80 acres of double minimum or 2 dol. 50 cents lands in any organised district embracing surveyed public lands.

To obtain the homestead, the applicant must make an affidavit before the registrar or receiver that he is over the age of 21, or the head of a family, that he is a citizen of the United States, or has declared his intention to become a citizen ; that he has never borne arms against the Government, or given aid or comfort to its enemies; and that the land is for his exclusive use and benefit, and for actual settlement and cultivation. Upon filing the affidavit and payment of the prescribed fees and commissions, permission to enter on the land is granted.

The amount of fees and commissions payable by civilians varies from 7 to 22 dollars, according to the quantity and class of the land applied for, and to the State in which it is situated.

Upon proof of the settlement and cultivation of the homestead for the continuous term of five years, and of payment to the receiver, the registrar issues his certificate as the basis of a patent or complete title for the homestead. If the settler does not wish to remain five years on his land, he may pay for it with cash or warrants, upon proof of settlement and cultivation from 6 months froin the date of entry to the time of payment.

27th Mar. 1858} Vol. 10.

Under these laws any head of a family, widow, or single man over the age of 21, being a citizen of the United States, or having filed a declaration of intention to become a citizen, who has settled in person on any public lands, to which the Indian title is extinguished, acquires a right of pre-emption over not exceeeding a quarter section or 160 acres of the land, on payment of the minimum price of the land, subject to certain limitations and exceptions.

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TABLE of Colonial Public Lands alienated and remaining for Alienation at the Date of the last returns.

COLONY.

Amount alienated.

Estimated Estimated
Amount Amount

Surveyed, Date

of remaining for available for and open for Alienation. Settlement.

Settlement. Return.

REMARKS,

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NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES.
Canada, Province of Ontario

Province of Quebec
British Columbia -
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Cape Breton
Prince Edward Island
Newfoundland
Bermudas

Acres.

Acres. Acres, Acres. 21,879,048 55,727,352

..a 19,629,884

3,418,432 31 Dec. a The total area of the Province of 109,370,116

5,720,939 1871 These particulars cannot be given with any accuracy.

of the St. Lawrence and the 7,534,497 9,762,363 8,000,000

300,000

1871 5,405,692 3,641,041 500,000

85,000 1866
813,543

Province of Quebee, 134,402,00;
1,207,438 356,676 777,438 1860
1,390,720

total, 212,009,250.
37,400 37,400

1854
say 50,000
say 2,300,000 Not known.

1872
All.

None.

None. 1872

Ontario, within the watershed
Lakes, is 77,606,450; and of the

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None.

AUSTRALIAN COLONIES.

New South Wales

Queensland
Victoria

Tasmania

12,875,6768 2,622,943 9,685,956 d 3,837,185 1,469,691

103,743,317 431,681,057 45,958,204

12,940,815 624,403,200

Western Australia

103,743,317

See

re- 31 Dec 6 Includes 2,849,891 acres sold con

marks, c1 1871 ditionally. 51,488,000

1867 20,800,000 5,760,000

c The grazing leases extend over 31 Dec.

2-3ds of the Colony. It is only

1868 Not known. Not known. 31 Dec.

partially surveyed. Numerous

portions of surveyed land are

1871 available for immediate purchase. 624,403,200 No return. Feby.

1872 d The estimated area of Vietoris is

about 55,600,000 acres, or 86675

square miles. 464,887* 1871

* No return since 1869.

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Not known.

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Varies, as the Government make from time to time large purchases from

the natives.

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Dominica

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Estimated acreage of the island, 186,436.

1871

None.

1872 1872 1872 1872

Windward

St. Christopher's
Montserrat
Nevis
Virgin Islands
Anguilla
Barbados
Grenada
St. Vincent
Tobago

St. Lucia -
Trinidad
British Guiana e
Honduras
Turks Island and Caicos

Islands.. :

Ali. None.

None.
No information.
13,200

1
No return. No return.
All.
None.

None.
74,538

None.
Say 57,000. Say 2,500. Not stated.
Not known. Not known. Not known.

254,626 858,254
Say 2,000,000 € Say45,000,000 e Say45,000,000
No return. No return. No return.
do.
do.

do.

2,000

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No accurate information obtainable.
1 A few acres in Tortole, Virgin
Gorda, and some small quars

,
the greater part of the islands of
Avegada, and Salt Island, are in

the hands of the Crown.
e Boundaries of British Gajana still

undetined. No accurate informa

tion obtainable.
ee The Crown lands consist of

about 2,000 acres of mountain land.
The second column indudes

loan places,” missionary, institutions, commonages, land lon? since surveyed, the Kat River settlement, mountain ranges, kar. roo (desert) lands, &c.; and given only approximately from the estimated area of the Colony, 119,662,000 acres. The 3d and 4th columns cannot, therefore, be Alled in till after a general

::

1870 1869 1841

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None.
No return,

None.
No return.

None.
No return.

the land is mountainous

None.
None.

1869
1852
1852

i Much

and swampy.

SOMMARY of PRINCIPAL Modes of DISPOSAL, and Prices of LAND in some of the Colonies.

COLONY.
Mode of Disposal. Price per Acre.

COLONY.

Mode of Disposal. Price per Acre. NORTH AMERICAN

South Australia Auction and fixed price Upset price, 20s.; COLONIES :

Credit for six years,

if not sold by aucCanadian Dominion, Auction and fixed Cash 28.1ld.sterling,

fixed price.

tion, by contract Ontario, price. Credit 4s. 2d. Up

at last upset price. FREE GRANTS in cer- set price at auc

Credit, not less tain districts.

tion,
4s..and 48. 2d.

than 208., or 10 sterling.

per cent. on pur

chase, 10 per Quebec Auction and fixed price According to situa

cent. at end of 3 FREE GRANTS. tion, 10d. to 28. 6d.

years and basterling.

lance 'at end of

6 years. Nova Scotia Fixed price

18. 9d, sterling. Northern territory Auction and fixed price Upset price, town44 dolls, 100 acres.

for township and ship and subur

suburban lands. ban land not less New Brunswick Fixed price for actual 41. 38. 4d. sterling

Credit for rural than il., rural settlement. for 100 acres for

lands.

land, 78.6d., paymaking roads.

able in 10 years. Manitoba FREE HOMESTEAD.

Western Australia - Fixed price for agri- | 108.

cultural lands. British Columbia Auction and fixed Upset price for

Auction for town,sub- Upset

price for and price. country lands,48.2d.

urban, and village. town and subVancouver Island Town lots (66 by

urban, to be 182 feet) upset

fixed by Goprice 201.

vernor, village 11. Unsurveyed, by pre- Without payment Tasmania

Auction

11. upset.
emption.
until reached by

Fixed price

11. agricultural ; survey; then 48.2d.

58. pastoral.
per acre.
New Zealand

See page 151.
Upset price 4s. 2d. Falklands

Auction

Upset priceTown lands

1001. per acre. Prince Edward Island Fixed price 58. to 88., according

Suburban

21. to situation.

Country lands

48.

Country lands not
Newfoundland Auction
Upset price, 28. cur-

sold at auction
Lands not sold after rency, ls. 8d. ster-

may afterwards be second auction may ling.

bought at the upbe bought at the

set price.
upset price.

Sierra Leone
Auction

Town, 20s.

per FREE GRANTS.

lot ; village, not AUSTRALIAN COLO

stated; suburNIES :

ban, 108 per lot; New South Wales Auction, and for Town lands, 81.

country, 4s. 2d. country lands not Suburban land, 21.

per acre. sold at auction, fixed other lands, 11, British Sherbro' Village and suburban, Suburban upset price.

auction or fixed price, 10s. per

price ; country, lot; village, not Queensland Auction and fixed price Town lands, 81. Su

auction.

fixed; country, burban, il. and 158.

48. 2d. per acre. Agricultural, 158. Bahamas

Auction

Ditto 108.
Pastoral, 108.and 58. Turks island and Caicos Ditto

Ditto 48.
Conditional purchase 158. agricultural, British Guiana Fixed Price

10 dollars.
108. and 58.pastoral, Trinidad -

Auction

Upset price, payable in ten

Arable land, 11. equal annual in

Swamp land, 10s. stalments, in ad- Other W. I. Colonies Ditto

Upset price 11.
dition to survey
Honduras
Auction

Upset pricefees.

Town lots, 25 dols. Homesteads 80 acres agricultura!

Country lots, 125 land, at quit rent

dols. 9d. an acre, or 160 Cape of Good Hope - Ditto, subject to a

No fixed upset pastoral at quit

quit-rent.

price. rent of 6d. an acre.

Conditional sale 1s. per acre for 10 In homestead areas

years. 320 acres, ls. 6d. Natal

FREE GRANTS to imfor agricultural

migrants 50 to 200 and 9d for pastoral

acres according to land for 10 years,

capital. FREE GRANTS - To immigrants Mauritius

Auction

No fixed upset price. paying their pas- Ceylon

Ditto

Upset price not less sages, land orders

than 20s, sterling. of value of 201. per Hong Kong

Ditto. Only leases The lowest fixed statute adult.

granted.

rental for build

ing, not farm, Victoria Auction

lots is 21. per Upset price, 208. to 408. an acre for

acre. Highest country lands, and

ditto, hitherto, 11. to 51. for sub- Labuan

Auction. Leases for? 1601. urban land.

999 years.

Fixed
Licence and lease 208. an acre, payable

rent and biddings
in 10 years, at 28.

on the premium for an acre per annum,

the lease.

In the UNITED STATES the public land is disposed of at auction and by private contract, at not less than 1 dol, 25 cents, according to

classification, by pre-emption at the same rates, and by homestead grants.

LAND PRIVILEGES TO OFFICERS.

[Cap. V. 1873.

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are :

NOTICE ON COLONIAL LAND PRIVILEGES TO NAVAL

AND MILITARY OFFICERS.
(To take effect from the 1st October 1870.)
This notice is issued by the Secretary of State
for the Colonies, for the information of officers wish-
ing to retire from Her Majesty's Naval or Military
service for the purpose of settling in those Colonies
which offer privileges to that class of settlers in
the acquisition of Crown lands.

1. Colonies which offer Privileges.
The only Colonies which now offer land privileges
to naval and military officers are British Columbia,
Honduras, and Natal.*

2. Officers entitled to Privileges.
The officers to whom such privileges are offered

(a) naval officers of the military branch of all grades not lower than that of sub-lieutenants; (6) military officers of all grades not lower than that of subalterns of 7 years' standing; (c) regimental staff officers; and (d) medical officers of both services of not less than 5 years' standing.

3. Officers not entitled to Privileges. The officers not entitled to land privileges are naval and military chaplains, commissariat officers, subalterns under 7 years' standing, medical officers of less than 5 years' standing, midshipmen, cadets, warrant officers of every description, officers of any of the civil branches of the Navy or Army; and, lastly, officers who have ceased for the space of three calendar months to belong to Her Majesty's service, and have not obtained the memorandum of rank and service herein-after mentioned.

4. Nature and extent of Privileges. In British Columbia a certain quantity of land is granted in lieu of remission of purchase money. În the other above-named Colonies, land must be purchased under the Land Regulations for the time being in force in the Colony, and a certain amount of the purchase money is then remitted. These allowances are regulated by the rank and length of service of the officer as shown in the following scales, viz. : In British Columbia :

Captains of 15 years' service or less in the whole
Subalterns of 20 years' service and upwards in the whole 9

Subalterns of 7 years' service and upwards in the whole %
Although these scales refer only to military
officers, they apply also to naval officers

, who will receive allowances corresponding with their relative rank to officers in the army as prescribed in Her Majesty's Order in Council of 11th June 1863..

5. Memorandum of Rank and Service. Any officer desirous of availing himself of these privileges must obtain a memorandum, if a naval man from the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, and if a military man from the office of the General Commander in Chief, specifying his rank, length of service, and date of retirement

. This
document will not be issued more than once to the
same officer, and it must, within one year from the
date of the officer's retirement, be presented to the
Governor of one of the above-named Colonies, other.
wise the officer will not be entitled to any land
privileges in the Colony. No document from the
office of the Secretary of State is necessary.

6. Location Ticket.
As the sole object of the regulations is to en
courage the bonâ fide settlement of naval and mili-
tary officers in the Colony, an officer, on presenta

:
tion of his memorandum of rank and service to the
Governor, will receive in the first instance a location
ticket only, for the land which in British Columbia
he may obtain, or which in either of the other Co-
lonies he may have purchased to the extent of his

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remission money.

Acres.

Do.

do.

Field officers of 25 years' service in the whole

600
Do.
20
do.

500
15
do.
do.

400 Captains of 20 years' service and upwards in the whole 400 Do. 15 years' service or less in the whole

300 Subalterns of 20 years' service and upwards in the whole 300 Do. 7

do.
do.

200 In Natal and Honduras :

Field officers of 25 years' service and upwards in the G

whole Field officers of 20 years' service and upwards in the whole

500 Field officers of 15 or less years' service in the whole

400 Captains of 20 years' service and upwards in the whole 400

7. Crown Grant.
such location ticket, the officer, on paying the

At the expiration of two years from the date of
customary survey and other fees, will receive in er-
change for it a Crown Grant, provided he can show
to the satisfaction of the Governor, but not other
wise, that he is a bonâ fide settler in the Colony, and
has not only continuously resided therein since
the receipt of his location ticket, but that he has
resided on the land described in it for such length
of time, and made substantial and permanent im-
provements thereon of such description and value,
as the Governor may have prescribed in any general
notice published by his authority in the Government
Gazette of the Colony.

[N.B. The term of residence and the extent of improvements at present required are as follows:

In British Columbia, that the officer or his family
shall reside continuously on the land for two years,
and build a house and make improvements

.
In Natal that the officer shall reside on the land
for not less than six months in each of the two years
since he received his location ticket,—that he shall
build a house and farm buildings to the satisfaction
of the Surveyor General, and cultivate or stock his
land in such a manner as may be certified by the
Surveyor General to show a bona fide intention to
or to have imparted to it an enhanced saleable
continue in the beneficial occupation of the land,
value.

600

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* The Colonial Secretary of Natal in a letter to the Emigration Commissioners, dated 29 July 1872, states that retired

military and naval officers intending to settle in this colony are only entitled to their grant of land as military settlers, in accordance with the regulations, and not to a grant of land as an immigrant in addition.”

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