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joints long, and in shortening generally At the end of the month, plant out cut sloping behind, and about half an inch under a hand-glass for early cutting; four above an eye or bud; let all the branches under each. Sow carrots in open weather and shoots be trained straight and close to for an early crop. The early horn, or the wall, &c., at least eight or nine inches early short red horn, are suitable; a rom each other. Gooseberries and currants warm border should be selected. Cabbage may be planted any time this month, either plants, for a second crop, should be planted in standard for the general plantation, or out. Sow seeds for cutting in July and six or seven feet distance against walls, &c., August. Jerusalem artichokes, plant tubers for earlier, later, and superior fruit. Let at half a yard apart at least. Kidney the currants be principally the best red and beans. Continue successive sowings. Sox white sorts, and gooseberries of the larger leeks for early crops. Sow onions for the earlier green and smooth red, as also some principal crop as early in the month as white crystals and ambers. New plan- possible. Sow peas to gather early in June, tation of raspberries may be made this in rows eighteen or twenty inches apart; month: let them be planted in rows four the produce will far exceed that of rows feet asunder, and three feet distance from being sown near together.
Sow parsley each other in the rows. In pruning rasp in drills. Plant potatoes (early kinds) close berries be sure to clear away all the old under a south wall. Sow parsnips in drills decayed stems, and leave four or five of the at ten inches apart. Radishes and lettuces strongest of the last year's shoots standing should be sown in warm situations. Sow on each root to bear next year; all abore spinach for an early crop. Salsafy and that number on every root must be cut scorzonera, too, with the various kinds of close to the surface of the ground. Each of herbs. Seakale: continue to force. Plant the shoots left should be shortened about shallots aud garlic, towards the end of the one-third or fourth of their original length; month. Sow turnips, thyme, sage, &c. then dig the ground between the plants. Slips or offsets may be put off at the end of
Fruit trees of all sorts may be planted the month. this month when the weather is open: Let care be taken that they are not planted too deep. Open for each tree a hole 'wide enough to receive the roots freely without THE GARDEN ORACLE AND FLORICUIpressing against the sides, and about a
TURAL YEAR-BOOK. spade deep; then having the trees ready, being taken up with a good spread of roots,
UNDER this title Messrs Groombridge let the ends be pruned, and cut off such have produced a very useful little volume, shoots as are broken or bruised; then set edited by Mr. S. Bibberd. The “ Garden the tree in the hole, and see that all the Oracle” contains a large amount of sound roots spread freely as they should do, and information on all that belongs to the in depth so that the uppermost roots shall flower garden and the orchard. In the be only from about three or four to five or almanack, Mr. Hibberd has introduced a six inches below the general surface; break very novel feature. Instead of insertins the earth well, and throw it equally about Saints' days, anniversaries, &c., he ha the roots, and shake the tree gently, that selected some succulent in bloom from the the earth may fall in close between the first of January to the last day of Decem roots and fibres; when the earth is all in, ber as the representative of the day: givin tread the surface gently, to fix the tree pro- their natural orders, and the colour perly.
blossom, and appending on the margi VEGETABLES.—Asparagus beds may be valuable cultural notes, which instruct in th made and seeds sown. Forcing may be rearing of the more delicate objects amon continued to the end of March. Sow broc- them. In addition to this novel featur coli early in the month in a warm situation, the book contains excellent memorand so that heads may be fit to cut from the on work to be done in the garden all ti first week of November; this being, in year round; a list of new plants and frui severe weather, a substitute for cauliflower. of the year; directions for propagatin Sow beans (early Mazagans) for gathering &c. As a shilling will buy the "Oracle in June. Sow beetroot for early crop. Sow we have pleasure in recommending it celery in a slight hotbed, or in boxes. such of our friends as are fond of Aower Sow cauliflower either under a frame, and what lady or gentleman confesses hand-glass, or warm situation, to have indifference towards nature's beauteur plants to succeed the autumn-sown ones. "children:
" JE VOUS AIME."
Which has grandly stood for ages,
Are known in history's pages.
With large wooded grounds surrounded,
The fleet-footed deer have bounded.
Like the fairies of uimes olden ;
And her ell-like hair is golden.
From the ignorant and silly;
Is that pretty dear, Miss Lily.
Just like angel-music seeming.
And it's you srangely dreaming.
And will tell you so demurely,
Bat she can't believe them, surely!
Covered o'er with spring-time's flowers, Which are made so that to me they seems
As if fresh from nature's bowers
To her waist is wildly streaming i
Seem as if in elf-land dreaming.
And lists to the parson preaching ; But her pretty angel form I teel,
To my heart is a leason teaching For ber face, so pure, so innocent,
Will baunt my mind for ever; And the dear, good thoughu which her presence
Wil, while living, leave me never. Wis Lily is such a good, fond dear,
And she loves dumb creatures nearly As much as if they could understand;
Thongh I know they love her dearls.
To me you're a fairy teeming;
With bright eyes and fair hair streaming.
And silver your dear hair golden;
Jour CHURCHILL BRENAN.
Oxe summer's eve, a maiden fair
Reclin'd beneath a tree;
She sigh'd, "I wait for thee !"
A voice which called her name; Is near'd the spot while singing,
My Alice, je vous aime.”
And on it sat a youth,
The brightest beams of truth;
Still whisp'ring, as he came, In accents must delighted,
"My Alice, je vous aime ?" She, nothing loth, receiv'd bim;
And her genıle, loving eyes
As he breath'd his fondest sighs.
And, dreaming not of blame, He told again his greeting,
“My Alice, je vous aime!** The moon was brightly shining
As Fred'rie rode away,
The maiden of to-day.
But, with a caimer frame,
My Alice, je vous aime!"
Apparel'd as a bride;
With Fridric by her side;
They stood with hopes the same, His deep voice did not falter,
But whisperid, " Je vous aime!" But love, like wealth, hath taken
A pair of silken wings; And she, by him forsaken,
Hath felt misfortune's stings. No loving one can hear her,
When lond she calls his name; No tender voice is near her
To whisper, “Je vous aime!" Then, maidens, ere you listen
To those you fancy kind,
Is mirror'd in the mind.
Thy heart may learn to blame
Max croeps into childhood, bounds into youth, sobers into manhood, softens into age, totters into second childhood, and stumbles into the cradle which is prepared for us all.
We oft mistake the ivy spray
For leaves that come with budding spring,
Why birds delay to build and sing.-CLARE.
WINTER ! still winter! but cheered by the ploughshare; and, as the healthy with occasional glimpses of such bright smell is wafted upon the breeze, you sunshine, and revealing now and then might fancy that it had been scented by such beautiful patches of clear blue sky, the hidden flowers which still lie asleep that we know spring is bebind the clouds, and sheltered beneath the ridgy furrows, and keeps withdrawing the curtain that and sometimes, whenconceals her, to look down upon the Through the sharp hawthorn blows the cold wind, earth, as if she were eager to return. But winter grasps not his icy sceptre with so you hear the faint bleating of a little firm a band as he did in January; the lamb, that stands shivering beside the bleating of the young lambs alarms him; naked hedg looking as if conscious that and the merry cawing of the noisy rooks its troubles had already commenced, as if tells him that his reign is rapidly drawing fearful that it should not be able to pick to a close; for sometimes he feels a up a living in such a bleak, cheerless, and rounded daisy stirring beneath his naked flowerless world. At intervals, the lark feet, though it is still invisible to the springs up; and, although he is carried human eye. These all warn the hoary far aside by the strong wind, he boldly and bearded old monarch that he must breasts the storm with his ruffled plumes, soon resign his throne to the beautiful and tries a few notes, to see how they young queen, who only awaits the open- will sound after the long silence of winter ing of the flowers before she is crowned. —then descends again to nestle beside Now and then he raises “his old right the little daisies that are just beginning arm,” and compels us to confess his to see. Now and then the blackbird and power; but the golden crocus dazens his throstle strike up a few notes from the dim eyes, and the daisies grow larger in leafless brake, then pause, with their spite of his anger; the elder puts out a heads hanging aside, as if listening in few green buds, and the willows begin to wonder that they are not answered by show their silvery catkins; and while he their former companions, whose sweet sleeps, the sunshine is ever peeping out, voices were wont to swell out the fullsigns which proclaim the hour of his throated anthem of spring. departure is drawing nigh; for
In the ancient neighbourhood of the
busy rookery the work of spring has Shadows of the silver birch Sweep the green above his grave.
already commenced. In the trees they
are building and quarrelling, in the fields On fine days, the cottage doors and they are "scratting" and foraging from windows are thrown open, and once more morning till night. You see them close the merry voices of children are heard in upon the heels of the ploughman ; they the village streets; for the sweet sun- follow the footsteps of the sower; they shine hath beckoned them forth to play. are ever sailing downward in search of As you walk down the narrow green worms or insects, ther. returning again to lanes, and along the broad highways, you their "old ancestral trees," with an addiinhale the cheerful and refreshing aroma tional beam for their house, and filling of the fresh earth, as it is turned up the whole air around with their low, dreamy cawing, which gives such a snow-flake still lingered here and there spring sound to the still flowerless land- upon the meadows, until you find, on scape.
a nearer approach, that it is When we walk abroad, we see the slow and sure progress which pature is making.
The daisy scattered on each mead and down,
A golden crest within a silver crown. First, a bud or two appears of a larger size; then we discover one already green; The cottagers are employed in their and it is wonderful, after a shower, and a little gardens, making preparations for day or so of sunshine, to witness the spring; the spade is brought forth from bulk to which the little ones have grown, its hiding-place; seeds, which have been though the last time we looked at them carefully preserved, are hunted up, and there was scarcely a sign to tell that they even a few of the earliest sown; while, in would so soon display traces of their the garden-fence, the little hedge-sparrow, green beauty. The gooseberry bush shows not less industrious, prepares the nest a dim glimmering of green, more like the which is to contain its “sky-stained eggs.” reflection of a colour, than the real hue Even the very changes of the weather, which it afterwards assumes; yet this which seem for a time to check these grows bolder and brighter every day, operations, are silently forwarding them. and, at last, we find the full form of the The snow that occasionally falls, warms leaf revealed on a tender and tiny bud, and nourishes the tender buds ; the winds which the sun has tempted to open. dry up the over-abundant moisture ; mists Winter, and the first dawning of spring, fogs, and rains, all bring their tribute to afford the best opportunities of witnessing enrich the earth, and do His bidding, who the rich effects produced by moss, lichen, i gave us “ seed-time and harvest." The fungi, or liverwort, upon the trees. Here rank decay of vegetation, the exbalations we meet with the gaudy and mingled hues that are ever arising, the insects that of the rich green, the glowing orange, the burst from their larvæ state, and the poor pale primrose, the silver grey, with browns blind worms that burrow through and of every tone, that go deepening down loosen the soil, are all doing their allotted from dusky amber to the dark bue of the work, and, though disregarded, are assistchestnut, until they sink into the jetty ing man to prepare the soil, while blackness which mantles the stem of the cak. Beside these, the dark green wind
Surly winter passes off ing outline of the ivy is fully revealed,
Far to the north, and calls his ruffian blasts;
His blasts obey, and quit the howling hill, giving a summer look to the trees it
The shatter'd forest, and the ravag'd vale, clothes, and trailing, here and there, in And softer gales succeed. beautiful and slender lines, among their naked branches. The little water-runnels, Those who are not accustomed to study which have also been silent and ice- the habits of birds, would conclude that bound during the winter, now come tink- it is difficult for them to survive in Engling down the steep hill-sides, and roll in land during our hard winters, especially pleasant murmurs through the dim green such as are called the soft-billed; but meadows, as if they were hurrying along were they to watch their habits narrowly, in quest of the flowers. The little leaves they would perceive that outhouses, which point out where the modest prim- stables, holes in old decayed walls, gaterove will soun appear are already visible; posts, the stems of large hollow trees, and in our walk through the woodland, spring-heads, which seldoin freeze, places We can discover the pale green blades where cattle are kept up and foddered in which tell us that the blue-bells have winter, all abound in food of various already come up, and that, ere long, the descriptions suitable to their nature ; such ground will be covered with a hue bright as insects in their aurelia state, flies and and beautiful as the face of heaven; for spiders that have concealed themselves every way we discover traces of that until the cold weather is over, and numunseen hand, which is busy with its berless insects that abound under the zalent work. You might fancy that a llayers of dead leaves. The vision of birds
is extremely acute, and it is probable that although it is not more than five inches what we should not be able to discover long, will not hesitate to attack either without the aid of a microscope, is to a mouse, a bird, a lizard, or a frog. It them perfectly visible, and that they find will even prey upon its own species, when food in the eggs of insects, &c., which we hard driven, as has been clearly proved, are totally unacquainted with.
by placing two in a box, without a suffiAmong the few birds which sing at this ciency of food. The celebrated naturalist, season of the year, is the missel-thrush, Le Court, has proved that the mole or, as it is called by the country people, is not biind, although there is an imper. the storm-cock, whose early song is consi- fection in the development of the visual dered to denote a tempest. Its favourite organ. food is the berry of the mistletoe; and The carrion-crows, which begin to build there is a superstitious notion that the at the close of this month, vary greatly in seed of the berry of this curious plant, their babits from the social-building and which was gathered with such solemn gregarious rooks; the former are regular ceremony by the ancient Druids, will not pirates, ever keeping a sharp look-out grow until it has first been swallowed by from the mast-heads of the tall tree-tops, this bird—a belief which it is almost and ready with their great black wings to needless to state is wholly erroneous hoist all sail in a moment, and to give
Daring the cold weather, the mole is chase to whatever they see passing; for, busy working his way still deeper under to use a homely and expressive phrase, ground, for the further the frost pene- there seems nothing either "too hot or trates, the lower he digs in quest of the too heavy for them.” Let either a hawk worms which the cold has driven so far or a raven attempt to board them, and down; these are its favourite food. In they will fight to the death; and so high the north of England it is still called the were their pugnacious qualities estimated, mouldi-warp, mole being a common ex- when the cruel practice of cock-fighting pression for soil, and warp for the earth was in vogue, that trees were often climbed, which is turned up. Thus, the silt, or and the eggs of the carrion-crow taken mud, which is left by the tide on the side away, and those of some hen which had of rivers, is invariably called warp in the been brought up in company with the midland counties; the furrows in ploughed most celebrated game-cock in the neighfields are also called warp; and newly- bourhood, were left in the nest to be ploughed land, warp-land. The word is hatched, under the belief that the young pure, unaltered Saxon; and I have no cocks thus produced possessed more doubt that the mole was called the courage, and proved the best fighters mouldi-warp long before Alfred the The carrion-crow, unlike the rook, is a Great sat upon the throne of Wessex. very gross feeder, and will prey upon any Those who are unacquainted with that offal or decayed animal matter it may curious structure called a mole-hill, have chance to alight upon. The wood.pignon but a faint idea of the chambers and is an early builder, and its slight, open, galleries, and courts and streets, which slovenly nest is often found with the two branch out beneath the little hillock they white eggs shining through the ill-covered 80 often meet with during a country bottom, long before spring has thrown ramble. The encampment of the mole is over the naked branches its garment el its hunting-ground, its forest, its chase ; green. in some one or another of these long, The starling is another of our early winding, underground avenues, it is sure builders, and the following anecdote, to meet with prey; and the mole is a related by the Rev. Mr. Sladen, is a strong most persevering hunter, visiting his pre- proof of the reason, or instinct, which serves many times during the day. It is this bird possesses. He states that one always in excellent condition ; and in the built under the eaves of a roof in the north, "fat as a mouldi-warp," is an old basin of a drain-pipe, and that the young, and common saying. It is not only a in their eagerness to obtain food, fell out great eater, but also a great drinker; and, of the nest. One was killed; the rernain