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This is a busy month in the garden; | tree primrose, shrubby mellow, broadvarious kinds of hardy annuals may be leaved campanula, and fox-glove, sown now. Among others we may mention You will do well to protect all kinds hollyhock, French honeysuckle, hellebore, l of tender plants and bulbs from cold rains
and frosts during 'March. Tulips, hya- | ing by the end of May or early in June. cinths, anemones, ranuncules, &c., in beds Cucumbers, rhubarb, and sea-kale roots should be covered at night if there is the should be planted in a well-trenched, rich, least sign of frost.
deep soil. Parsley now sown will be fit Next to the general work of pruning, to gather in August. Vegetable marrow which more or less appertains to every and
love-apple seeds should be sown imgarden, and must be performed, another mediately. The former will produce a operation belonging to all establishments supply from the first of August, and the may be mentioned as of equal and even latter in October. greater importance; we mean sowing. There is no work in a garden so carelessly done, and the faults of the sower are laid at The Celosia is an elegant plant for conthe door of the seedsman, who is made servatory, greenhouse, and dinner-table to bear the blame. Some people bury the decoration, combining, with a graceful seed too deep, some leave it exposed, and habit, flowers of great beauty and richness the birds eat it. Some folks think that of colour. Some of the varieties supplied after they have sown they have nothing to by Messrs Barr and Sugden have long do until the seed germinate and show beautiful flower-spikes, which may be above ground, without once caring whether dried for winter bouquets; others are they have been moistened by rain or baked characterised by their picturesque sprays by the hot sun, after swelling, as thoy of mossy or feathery-looking flowers, which universally do, before the dampness of are produced in great profusion, and can fresh-turned ground has gone off. The also be dried. Wiren properly treated the ground, after a hard frost, is in the best plants continue in fine con lition for many order for working, and no matter how soon months. Those intended for dinner-table all hardy things are sown in the flower, decoration may be treated as standards if as well as the kitchen garden.
necessary. See the engraving. Most people turn up the ground, rake it, and sow the seed on it loose as it is; where
GRAFTING. as the ground should be trodden or beaten Mr. Glenny, seni, the most practical to make it firin. Sow your seed on the and trustworthy of all public writers on solid surface, and cover it by sifting fine general garden operations, says :-Grafting mould on it'; and if the weather prove is one of those interesting operations that warm and dry, takek, especial care that anyone who can splice a broken stick may the seed be watered, for that ought not perform, and by which the tree that bears to be dry after it be sown. When it has a golden pippin may be made to bear a come up well you may leave it to the royal russet, or any other apple hereafter. weather; it will have rooted into firm A hundred wild crabs or crab-stocks may ground, and can hardly come to mischief if be grafted with the wood of a hundred it be properly thinned out, but if left too different sorts of apples, and then be formed thick ani crowded it will destray, or at least into a choice collection. Grafting consists greatly damage itself. In sowing under in fitting a piece of wood from one tree glass, in pans, or pots, the earth should to the wood of another tree or stock so be pressed solid and smooth, because the n'atly that the bark of each shall meet seeds show much better, and if too close in perfectly close. When the branch to be some parts you can disperse them about; grafted and the piece to be put on are the most handy.thing to do this with is nearly of a size, there are twenty ways of a small brush. The seed being covered with fitting one to the other Cut one the form all but watching that it does not get
dry receive it, so that
the barks of both fit close fine soil sifted over it may be left to itself, of a wedge, and split and trim the other to but there is not so much danger of that on one side, if not both; tie them firmly as if it were exposed to wind and sun. together, and cover the join with grafting When the plants come up po time should clay—they will assuredly unite. Cut one be lost in thinning and reducing them to quite sloping, and cut the other with a the proper number to grow well.
slope to fit exactly, the same as you would In the kitchen garden the sowing should to splice a broken stick, and the effect will be carried forward on like principles. Now be the same; but suppose the tree to be is the time to sow red beets, silver beets, grafted is very much larger than the shoot salsafy, and scorzonera, for use from the to be put on, cut the slope on the stock end of Septembera: Lettuces : now sown clean, and slope the graft so that it will die produce plants that will be fine for blanch- tiat and close... You must lay it on close to
one side, so that the bark shall join that of the graft to the same angle, so that it shall the larger piece-- they will unite, and the fit close, and the bark fill up the space, and scion, or graft, will in time quite cover all join that of the tree. In short, make the the flat part which is left bare; or ent pieces fit, and let the barks join on one side an angular piece out of the stock, and cut or other, or both, and you will not fail.
OLNEY AND ITS LACE-MAKERS.
Who has not heard of the "Olney | the St. Giles's of Olney. On the south of Hymns," written by the poet Cowper this market-place is the old house where and his friend the Rev. John Newton ? Cowper resided for nearly twenty years But who, among all our readers, has with Mrs. Unwin. visited Olney? It is a very small town in Cowper's summer-house, from which Buckinghamshire, about ten miles from he dates one of his letters, describing it Northampton. It has, at most, 2400 in- as not much bigger than a sedan-chair, is habitants; and what it was when Cowper built of wood and plaster, with a red tile resided there, it is now a poor, sparsely- roof, and is in excellent preservation. As peopled place, the men prineipally en- the garden is now let separately from the gaged in agriculture and shoe-making, house, let us go round this corner to the and the women and girls in lace-making. left; to ask for the key. Here we are, You can get there by the Midland Rail. seated in a veritable poet's corner! Poor way from King's Cross, and, on the commonplace humanity has been trying way, pay a visit to Bedford, and look into to make a niche for itself in the temple the jail where John Bunyan wrote his of Fame--the walls, door, and ceiling world-known allegory, the “ Pilgrim's being one mass of scribble of visitors' Progresa.” The least expensive way to names, many having come immense disreach Olney, however, is by the North. tances for the purpose of seeing it. western Railway, third-class,
from Euston There are lace-makers sitting at their Square, by the omnibus which goes every work, singing at the doors of those very Evening from Wolverton station.
same cottages, just as they did when they A pretty little book, on the subject of so sweetly soothed Cowper's mind by Olney and its Lace-makers has just beend singing his own beautiful hymn published by Mr. Macintosh, of Pater noster Pow; and by aid of it, and some
“Ohy for a closer walk with God!" personal observations made during a ret And here is the gate which Cowper cent visit, we may tell something about had put up for his own use, so that he the place, made famous by the author of might, without the trouble of going round ". The Task," and John Giipin's wonderful the street, visit his friend the Rev. John ride to Ware.
Newton, when they were composing the Olney consists principally of one long, Olney Hymns ” together. In imaginawide street, with various odds and ends of tion, for the hinges have long since grown out-of-the-way places. Many of the houses too rusty, we pass through it into the have gable ends towards the street, and vicarage garden and house, and find ourare very old and rough-looking, but sub- selves near the church. It is in the stantial and clean in appearance, owing to Early English style ; and the spire, which their being built of a kind of freestone, is 180 feet high, makes a fine appearance which does not gather-much moss. One in the landscape. It has a beautiful peal bears the date A.D. 1570.
of bells, and an excellent clock, which The centre of the village widens into a chimes many tunes, kind of triangle, called the Market Place ; Near the church is the bridge, which one of the outlets of which is Silver End, is long in proportion to the width of the river, on account of the swampy nature summer they bathe and fish in it. Picof its banks. Cowper has made its pre- pics also are held on some of its numerous decessor famous in his opening lines of beautiful islets. the fourth book of “The Task.”
The inhabitants of Olney are, as we
said, much engaged in lace-making; and “Hark! 'tis the twanging horn o'er yonder bridge, as the little girls are “put to the piilow"
That with its wearisome but needful length
as early as six or seven years of age, they Sees her unwrinkled face reflected bright.” are taken away from the dame and
The river Ouse, which plays so impor- national schools very young; but the tant a part in “The Task," has an equal ladies try to make up for the loss by share in the amusements of the neigh- evening classes, and extra effort on Sunbourhood. In winter, when, owing to its days. But it seems to be a very reasonextremely weedy state, it overflows its able question, whether, when the lacebanks, if sufficiently frozen, the boys skate making is so miserably paid, it would not very securely upon the meadows: in be better to discountenance the practice of bringing so many girls up to this kind “Nineteen miles have I got to go. of manufacture. At the highest price
Eighteen miles have I got to go.
Seventeen miles have I got to go. they have been able to secure for a long time they can only earn a very scanty “ It is only the very old people who resubsistence, the best workers seldom member anything about these · Lace Tellgetting more than four shillings a week. ings,' as they have not been used in the Olney lace is little known as English schools about Olney for many years. manufacture, and generally passes for Latterly they have sung hymns, or some Maltese, to which it is frequently superior. of the current songs of the day. Some of the collars and cuffs are beauti- "From the specimens we have been fully eren and delicate in their texture ; able to collect from the memories of the and the coiffures, lappets, parasol covers, old, Lace-maker in the portrait, and one of and the black and white laces sold by her friends, few will regret, we take it, the yard, are very bandsome; and as that the old Tellings' have become obbeing the work of our own poor, should solete. The 'Songs of the Lace-makers,' certainly not be held in less esteem than mentioned in the Northamptonshire that of foreigners. For years past, to Glossary, as assisting the young worker,' procure the bare necessaries of existence, are thrown aside with other childish they have been obliged from infancy to things on leaving the lace school.
The labour so constantly as to be unable to old and plain songs' of Shakespeare seem give much attention to ordinary house- rather to be the songs of grown up young hold atairs.
women." " The children," writes a friend of the The following, one of the old “Lace author of the book under notice, “ learn to Tellings,” will give a good idea of the make lace, not so much at home with general character of these songs :their mothers as at lace schools kept by dames. When the lace trade was better,
Nineteen long lines hang over my door, boys used to learn as well as girls; and
The harder I work the shorter my score;
The more I do play, it sticks at a stayeven men used to make lace, as they could So, come, little fingers, let's twink away. earn more at 'the pillow' than agricultural labour. I have seen old men who
There's twinkum and twankum, and five to your
four; made good wages at the beginning of this Them as are done first, they may give o'er: century
My shoes are to borrow, my true love's to seek, " The ‘Songs of the Lace-makers' were
I cannot get married till after next week. of the same class as the nursery rhymes, The plums are so scarce, the flour so dear,
I cannot get married till after next year ; *Hush-a-bye baby, on the tree top,' &c, The pitcher is broken, how can it be mended ?
My work is to do, and cannot be ended. and were sung by the children while at Fork. The proficiency of the children How sadly, and yet how curiously, the was estimated by the number of pins they consciousness of habitual poverty must could stick in an hour. They were set so have burnt itself into the people's thoughts, many score of pins, and counted as they ere it thus found expression in earliest went on. The singing, or rather chanting, childhood. Their poverty has been our assisted them in the counting, and also gain : the active sympathy of Newton and kept them together in their work. I am Cowper, with their trials, has given to told that we cannot imagine either the the “Olney Hymns " an undying verveeffect of thirty or forty children's voices an inexhaustible agrance and adaptation tiniting in this 'sing-song,' nor the aid it to the expression of the wants of those Was to them.
who are in training in the school of afflic* These · Lace Tellings, as they were tion. called, were repeated over and over, the But though the Olney Lace-makers are wwimber at the beginning lessening as very poor and humble, they are not by the task appointed neared its conclusion, any means destitute of a keen apprecia
tion of natural beauty, and the charms of VOL. V. --NEW SERIES.