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cant trifles, or an unimportant branch of FABLES.

literature WHERE is the boy or girl who has not Belonging to the same class of writing been made happy at some period of ju- as the parable-alike in its aim and venile-hood, as the possessor of a volume of tendency-the fable differs from tha: Æsop's fables ? And what child so fa- and every other kind of composition in mo voured has ever failed to contemplate with striking particular, viz., in the uns mingled feelings of wonder and admiration, mited range of subjects it may bring ind that quaintly-attired, deformed old man, as its service. All existing objects, whethe represented in the frontispiece, who with rational or irrational, animate or inanimate

, bare head and feet is so complacently animal, vegetable, or mineral," are "takin' notes," of that heterogeneous as- missible to play their part as rational sed sembly of animals, who skip around him so reasoning beings, which in any other docile and frolicksome; and seem to agree kind of composition would be utta, so well together quite in the “happy rejected as ridiculously improbable; wherei tamily" style.

in a fable the greater the improbability, But it is not children only who own the the better is its character sustained, w hunch-backed Phrygian, the philosopher- distinguished from the parable, which slave, as an intimate acquaintance. Is he must in every respect be perfectly cusnot á rival in popularity to the famous sistent with reality, and have the sp “poor Richard," whose “Maxims," are pearance of a “true story." not oftener used in common conversation Fables have some claim to our respect than are those household phrases such as and consideration, on account of the estean the “lion's share," "sour grapes," &c.- in which they have been held by a expressions so well understood that none nations in all ages. From the earliest time, would stop to ask for an explanation of each country has been represented in ton their literal meaning ? It is to their ex- by some name of note-some writer obe quisite adaption to every day experience, has made himself illustrious by this kind to their appositeness to common things and of composition. From the “dim remote events, that this popularity of Åsop's ages of the past," over which time has fables must, I believe, be principally attri- cast a veil of mystery and uncertainty, b buted ; forming in almost every instance comparatively modern epochs, we find that such admirable cases in point," that they fables have been a favourite branch serve to illustrate our meaning, as effectu- literature, and procured for its cultiraten ally, and in a shorter and easier way than both present and future reputation. if we expressed ourselves in plain terms. Beginning at the east, the land of ige

Everybody knows that the design of rative language and flowery sentiment fables is to convey instruction in a pleasing passing on to Greece, the seat of refinement and attractive style -- tv impart moral and polite learning; from thence to ir truths in a more persuasive, and less perial Rome, standing pre-eminent i obvious manner, than plain didactic teach- power, wealth, and magnificent display, ing; and that they have fully answered afterwards coming to Germany, France, their intended purpose, we have two re- and finally England; we see through this markable instances recorded: the one in vast expanse of time and territory, stan sacred, the other in profane history. It of greater or lesser magnitude, who shine was the recital of a fable, which brought in the literary world in this peculiar lis. the Jewish monarch to repentance; and a Æsop, Phædrus, La Fontaine, Gay, a fable addressed to a rebel mob, at once names which stand conspicuous amongst quelled their mutinous spirits, and re- a host of others whose writings are less stored peace and order. And who can tell known, or whose names are less suggestire in how many unrecorded instances, a like of fable writing in particular. Of thes, powerful influence for good may have been Æsop is acknowledged with one aceaed effected through their instrumentality ? as the fabulist par excellence, not only » The attention is first arrested by the being the predecessor and model, but s novelty of the narrative; the mind then maintaining in his productions the most becomes excited and interested, during the important features which constitute a good recital; sympathetic feelings are aroused; fable-brevity and simplicity. His name and when the personal application is put tives, though complete in detail, are so free to the listener, the force of it “strikes from all desultory expressions, that every home” with a power which is irresistible. incident may be termed multum in parte; Who then can say that fables are insignifi- 1 so simple in style, that any child may understand; they neither tire by their The domestic borrowings which are so length, nor confuse by their abstruseness; common in country places are a great moreover, the upper stream of symbolical nuisance to systematic and tidy houserepresentation is sufficiently clear to make keepers. Ladies who try to love their he under current of moral teaching fully neighbours as themselves find it difficult upparent.

to do so when they are continually solicitFables, such as these, combine those ing the loan of gridirons, flat-irons, pre>xcellent sentiments expressed in the serving-pans, washing-tubs, and thé like. hree-fold mottoes so familiar to every It may be taken as a maxim in social eader of the “Family Friend"-Kindly economy that people who are always askin tone, useful in object, and moral in ing help from others, whether in large Sendency.

things or small, will live and die as poor in EMMA BUTTERWORTH. purse as in spirit.

BORROWING AND LENDING.

ACCUMULATION. Among the many valuable lessons given To become fonder of accumulation than by the sagacious Moses to his countrymen of expenditure, is the first step towards was the suggestion that they should lend wealth. An agriculturist will receive a and not borrow. By faithfully following few grains of an improved species of corn, this advice they have contrived to make which he will not eat, but will plant them nearly all Christian powers and principali- and re-plant the product from year to year, ies their debtors. They lend willingly till his few grains became hundreds of where the security is good and the interest bushels. Money is increasable by analaliberal-being ready to advance money on gous processes, and success is within the anything, from crown diamonds to cast-off power of every man who shall attain to lothing; from the resources of an empire ordinary longevity. If a man at the age o a tide-waiter's order for bis next quar of twenty years can save 26 cents every er's salary. This sort of lending pays; working day, and annually invest the agyut there are men who make a trade of gregate at compound legal 7 per cent. jorrowing, with whom it is neither wise interest, he will

, at the age of seventy, ior profitable to have anything to do. possess 32,000 dollars. Many men who such persons do not apply to the followers resort to life insurance, can save several if Moses for aid. They want something for times twenty-six cents daily, and thus aclothing, a business idea not recognised in cumulate several times the above sum, he commercial policy of any of the child - long before the age of seventy. Nearly all en of Israel.

| large fortunes are the result of such accuWho that has means, and is supposed to mulations. Hence, the men who amass le gullible is exempted from the visitations great fortunes are usually those only who f borrowers ? Scores of polite, well-spoken live long. The last few years of Girard's entlemen make it their pleasing occupa- and Astor's lives increased their wealth ion to call upon the well-to-do citizen of more than scores of early years. To be hilanthropic proclivities for the purpose in haste to become rich by a few great f experimenting on his pocket. They operations, is a direct road to eventual are not the happiness of his personal ac- poverty. We cannot, however, command uaintance, but know him by reputation, long life, but we can approximate thereto nd respect him for the noble generosity by commencing early the process of accue has displayed on more than one trying mulation – an elongation by extending ccasion. Then follows a long story about backward being as efficacious as an elongandeserved difficulties and privations, wind- tion forward. Every hundred expended ig up with a request for temporary assist- by a man at the age of twenty years, nce to meet a special exigency. The sums is an expenditure of what, at interest, sked for in this way are not generally would, by compounding it annually, beurge; but, in the aggregate, they amount come £3,000, should he live to the age of > more than a prudent man likes to dis- seventy. This lesson is taught practically urse to people he does not know, on the by savings banks, and well counteracts the rength of representations he does not fatal notions of the young, that old age is elieve. Even if the money is of small the period for accumulation, and youth the onsequence to him, he has an objection to period for expenditure.

eing "sold.”

SUMMER MUSINGS.

And whisper of the autumn's rich and goldes

tinted yield; AGAIN is heard the ceaseless tune

While o'er the waving grain
of Nature's music. Joyous Juue!

Pours a flood of golden rain
Her leafiest banners hath unfurled,

From the turnace of the blazing sun to broaze the
And now athwart the glowing world

boundless field.
Her em'rald robe is fung,

Oh, lovely Nature ! fair and grand,
And a thousand anthems rung,

Again extend thy bounteous hand,
To celebrate the happiness that fills this circling

And scatter rich profusion o'er sphere; While the brightly gushing gleams

The boundless plain, the sounding shore,

And we thy praise shall sing, Of the day-king's golden beams Are proclaiming the advance of the summer, bright with the joyous lay of happy hearts resounding e

Till the boundless raul shall ring and clear.

the gale. The silvery brooklet chants its song,

We'll crown thee with a shower

Of thy bright and blushing flowers, And dancing gladly, bounds along

Culled from every corner of the land - the bill.tr 'Neath waving trees and verdurous banks, Where flow'rets rise in graceful ranks

sylvan dale.

A. K. Eestist. The lily waves above,

Bending low to express her love,
And whispers to the waters of devotion firm and
true;

PROVERBIAL PHILOSOPHY.
While the foxglove's nodding bells, By Windermere I wandered with fair Isabel beside
In the silent sylvan dells,

me, Are playing with the zephyrs ’mid the verdure hid

While the mountain tops were glowing in the from view.

sunset's parting ray,

And I whispered to her, "Dear oue, I would, wher How rich the sweets the hawthorn throws,

you are weepicg, When through her flowers the zephyr flows !

Thai mine might be the privilege to kiss saer
How pure the bloons she waves on high,

tears away.”
And floats against the summer sky,
Where roll the fleecy waves

The crimson of the sunset, or, perchance, sama
Through Heaven's ethereal caves !

inward feeling, (Oh! could I scale thy sun-lit crests, ye mountains Had made the cheek of Isabel more ross than gleaming high,

before, Where sport the seraph choirs,

As she answered, scarcely louder than the breen's 'Mid Heaven's supernal fires,

faintest whisper, And round each cloudland, crag, and peak on "Did you never hear prevention is better than a gleaming pinions fly!)

FLORIS.
Hark! hark! to Nature's joyous song-
The warblings of the feathered throng,
Now pouring wild throngh yonder trecs,

ном В.
Where nods the lilac to the breeze;

011, home! thou sweet, endearing namne,
The blackbird's ringing notes

What else hath charms like thee!
O'er wood and valley floats,

Thon cheer'st in thought the mariner
In never-ending cadences of matchless minstrelsy; When on the deep blue sea.
While the softly-warbling thrush

He thinks of all he's left behind,
Swinging 'mid the elder bush,
Pours forth a gushing song of love—a well of purest as he paces the deck in the dead of night

As the midnight watch he keeps, glee.

When e'en the sea-bird sleeps.
Now soars the lark to Heav'n on high,
And lost amid the boundless sky,

He has learned to love the rolling wave,
Pours forth his strains so wild and clear,

To watch the dashing foam
That, falling on the ravished ear,

With pride-but at ni.ht, when 'tis dark and drum
They seem to come from Heaven,

He thinks of his boyhood's home.
And all earthly thoughts are driven
From the heart, and man is borne away to other

When on a weary, toilsome marchrealms than these.

Perhaps from a battle-field -
Oh! who can hear his lay

What hopes in the soldier's breast the thoaght

Of home and its dear ones yield!
And not feel their hearts obey
The promptings of his music as it floats upon the of all our best-loved treasures
breeze?

Thou shalt the casket be;

For though absent long, we think, with love,
All Nature seems to smile so gay,

Of the homes of our infancy.
And proudly dons her best array;
The woodlands seem a waving sea;

Let Briton's sons rejoice, then,
The daisy -pangles every lea;

And boast, where'er they roam,
The apple trees now glow,

Of all the heartfelt joys that dwell
Like white and roseate snow,

In a happy English home.

cure?"

MR. LIVINGSTON'S GHOST.

BY ISABELLA MUNRO.

NOTHING is more awkward than taking they had been but two days domiciled, house of which another tenant holds when reports began to circulate through session. So Mr. Spalding learned to the lower regions that there were more cost a little while ago. And yet, in in the house than had any business there. case, it was not easy to be on his Strange sounds had been heard by more urd, for the former tenant of the house than one of the servants, and though the took was considered to have departed butler, who affected to be quite a superior that world where men dwell pot with man, talked of the sparrows and the walls built of brick or stone, and are swallows, and such like noisy things, as terally supposed to feel no farther being the cause, the housekeeper headed erest in goods and chattels.

a female party inclined to lay all the It was therefore with an easy con- blame on the late occupant, Mr. Livingence, and no intention of grieving any- ston, who, according to the milkman, had 's spirit, that Mr. Spalding took up been seen walking about his former

abode in the neat villa residence, dwelling after he should have been quietly rounded by a Cockney park of a couple at rest in the family vault. acres, wbich he bad rented for the At length the report travelled upstairs. nmer months, precisely in the same Mr. Price Smith sneered, and Mr. Spalta in which it had been, as he sup- ding desired he might hear no more of it. ed, taken leave of by his predecessor. “ They only wished they might not so down came Mr. Spalding, and his either, they were sure," said Mrs. Ford,

and daughter, and a visitor, whom and so said the maids that night at t daughter most ungratefully wished supper. where but where she was. ' For Mr. But though Myra Spalding was obliged ce Smith, who had amassed more than to laugh in drawing-room fashion, she ble her years and experience, to say felt little more disposed to do so than hing of the hundred thousand pounds, those of her own sex in the kitchen. For ich he considered enough to outweigh her bed-room and dressing-room, and the rything else, had proffered his hard, little boudoir she had taken such delight sping, grinding hand, as a valuable in, as a refuge from her suitor's interest

to her acceptance. And her father ing revelations concerning the price of wed him through a golden medium, stocks, occupied a wing of the building

would hear of no refusal, though the separated from the rest of the house by a ng lady herself strove again and again wide passage ; and however she might decline the prize she had so unwil- despise such things at a distance, a tête à ly won.

tête with a ghost was not to be lightly ut Mr. Price Smith cared more for thought of. So she made no parade of ta's fortune than for her bright eyes, her fears, but secretly desired a bed to e heeded not her averted glance, but be placed in her own room for Sophy, the ced forward to a happiness too se upper housemaid, who dressed her. ely lodged in the funds to be troubled That night-so the maids averred-

er by the coldness or the fading cheek the creaking of boots was to be heard all is fair bride.

through the house, and a sound as of at we were talking of Mr. Spalding's some one groaning in spirit. The butler oval to his summer quarters. Very said it was the ivy, which was twisted in ghtful they appeared, and even the all sorts of grotesque patterns over the hen junctathat tribunal so difficult walls and roof; but the footman, who lence-seemed at a loss for something had been his ready seconder yesterday, grumble at;--- not long, however, for looked so like a ghost himself that it was no wonder he forebore to deny them given both by Mr. Smith and Robertpower to

[graphic]

à tall spectral figure, with a pale grate

countenance.
"Walk the mountains
And valleys of the world."

As for the maids, tbey, of course, saw

nothing, as their heads were safely hidden But ere the day was done he confided under the bedclothes; but they all testi to Sophy that he had seen one walking fied to hearing indefatigable moans and through the passage about one o'clock groans, and boots creaking as though tă that morning, when, having been the work of a South Sea Island bootmate, latest up, he was on his way to bed—we and containing a “dollar's worth a won't say to sleep, for the ghost walked squeak,”, conscientiously imparted to off with all inclination for that. And them. Mr. Smith, on the contrary, besni Sophy's half-laughing horror soon made nothing, though his eyes, chancing ** poor Robert's secret known to all the open the night after, met those of its house.

ghostly visitor staring a renewal of thes Myra's fair cheeks grew paler as she acquaintance. heard the tale; but Mr. Spalding signi- *Help! murder! help !" shrieked Price ficantly hoped the plate was well looked Smith, as if a legion of fiends were be after, and Mr. Price Smith was curious leaguering bis couch. about the strength of the ale with which A mocking, diabolical sort of girl, Robert had brightened his optics; while which Price translated—“I'll remeals Willie Spalding talked of sending a pistol you for this !" convulsed the spectral bullet through anybody who dared to countenance as it vanished from the mans perambulate the house without a right. beam, which was streaming full into the

“That might do for any body," re- room; and when Mr. Spalding, Wille, marked the footman to Sophy; " but it and the butler rushed in, a disbelieving ain't likely to hurt any body's ghost." trio, the minute after, Price was aluss,

At all events, the threat did not appal with his teeth chattering as if every Mr. Livingston's, for the very next time was endeavouring to give his own access it had the effrontery to walk sans facon of the matter. into Price Smith's room, and, drawing There were a hundred thousand guide aside the bed-curtains, looked at him as reasons for Mr. Spalding to affect credence though waiting for him to begin a con- of the story, and to rebuke Myra, abs, versation. But having no desire for though her cheek grew pale and her hour ghostiy counsel at that untimely hour, anxious when the subject was discused Mr. Smith lay silent and still as a mouse yet gathered spirit to ridicule ber til a cat is watching; and as he never could lover's visionary terrors. And her reas exactly tell how the interview ended, it is —though unmarked by him-nervos presumed that his spirit quailed at last laugh, went far that day to check his e before the bold one gazing on him—that, welcome civilities For Price Smith's in short, he fainted from downright fear. only idea of love was courtship, which be

But Price Smith never told the story carried on with all the boldness of a pe that way. Indeed, he found some diffi- who counts gold and parental influee culty in stammering it out at all next everything. However, after dinner, morning at breakfast. Mr. Spalding pro rendered courageous and eloquent by te nouneed it a dream, and Willie asked or three extra glasses of wine, he went tu why he did not " grapple with the rascal.” seek her as boldly as if he anticipated Poor Price Smith ! he could as soon have cordial welcome as his reward. tried to catch a cannon ball hot from the Myra was standing by the window sta gun.

little room, looking out upon the laws. Yet the sense of the house certainly whose scattered trees wore a spectra was in favour of his having beheld a air in the starlight. The room was in ghost, -Mr. Livingston's ghost, of course, darkness, but Price assured the young since his living aspect was said to match lady that love was sufficient to light kia with the spirit's description, thus suitably to her side. Myra took no notice of this

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