« EelmineJätka »
and giving, unmistakable evidence of the “rosa solis” to a liqueur, in the compokvicinity of bog. Tufts of the heath-rush, tion of which it is a principal ingredient, and soft-rush, "juncus effusus," lifted their and which was formerly “ used to gord spreading panicles of brownish flowers; purposes in qualms and passions of the the latter especially leading our herbalist heart.” Beyond, where the black alders to describe its use in the making of mats, flourished by the quiet brook-sides i and for lighting purposes, uses which it Gerard's days, and the place of which zu still performs, not simply amongst the cot- still be traced in the fætid watercourse tages in that'" sea of rocks," Connemara, traversing the heath from the upper-ground but in the homestead of many a Yorkshire to the pond at its extreme end, the tal yeoman.
stemmed spear-wort, "ranunculus lingua," The silken locks of the lesser cotton grass shook its goldy locks," and forget-me-sot, shone in the sun beside the swampy places, myosotis palustris,' clustered its torquaie where wide beds of the water trefoil buck-coloured flowers, while the pretty brook. bean" menyanthes trifoliata" spread them- lime, “veronica becabunga, lifted its selves, and nursed amidst their ternate purple clusters above green beds of leafy leaves its lovely flowers --flowers so exqui- water-cresses, and the water pimpernd, sitely fringed and feathered, so singular in “lysimachia nummularia," festooned the their excess of ornament, as to afford a sur-margins with its trailing wreaths of shining. prise of pleasure to those who find them for opposite leaves, and yellow flowers. There, the first time. Gerard regards the plant too, the silvery petals of " cardamine prafrom a pharmaceutical point of view, the tensis” cuckoo flower, or lady's smock intense bitterness of its root rendering it shone in the early days of summer; and one of the most powerful of known tonics; tall grɔups of the aquatic corn-flag, “psend, but to the eye of the outside observer, its acoris,” lifted its sword-shaped leaves, and clustered corollas concentrated admiration; flaunted in the breeze its yellow banners, and yet of thousands who visit Hampstead while "water-mint," as the old herbalist Heath, during the latter part of June and call it, “ mentha sylvestris," * fit for the the beginning of July, who see the dwarf, baths of dainty women, and to make swest broad "Windsor-bean-like leaves, how few washing waters," spread great spaces with suspect the presence of this fair efflores- its fragrant hoar leaves and slender spika cence, or hazard the discovery amongst of lilac flowers. Here and there the iner shoals of treacherous " sphagnum" or the gold, “caltha palestris" shallow waters of the standing pool ? By not doing so “ they have losses," not simply "Was burning in the marsh like a thing dipped in their ignorance of this peerless little
in siinset." flower, but because this same pale yellow And the water buttercup, “ ranunculos moss is the chosen habitat of the only aquatilis," floated green islands on the English relatives of the irritable genus quiet ponds, and sprinkled them with "dionæa," the low growing sundews "dros- flowers silver-white." eracce,” with their dark red foliage, slender Rising the ground upon the other side stems, and raceimes of small white flowers. of the brook, where the gnarled and tangled
The most common on the heath in roots and dwarfed stems of the white-thon Gerard's time, as in our own, “D. rotundi- still attest to the whereabouts of those folio," has round leaves covered with beau. thickets that Gerard, and long after his, tiful glandular hairs of an intense red, which, Nicholas Culpepper, speaks of, under whos especially when the sun shines strongly, shade the lily of the valley, "convallaris exudes a viscid fluid. Whether any pro- majalis,”. grew plentifully, lifting from perty of sweetness attaches to it, or whether amongst its mantling leaves a stalk hall a upon the same principle that moths fly foot high, with many white flowers like suicidally into the flame, small insects little bells with turned edges, and from haunt these leaves, and, becoming entan- which was made the "aquæ auria" gled in the irritable hairs, are held fast by Methiolus, so fragrant and precious as to be the fluid and destroyed.
only kept in gold or silver vessels, though A specimen before me, gathered some here, with every vagrant wind that breathed years back from possibly the same part of across the heath, its pendant censors sur the heath, where it covered the pale green their sweetness forth, and made the at “sphagnum" with crimson stars of its more odorous. orbicular foliage three centuries ago, has It was in these shady places, amidst the certain microscopic bodies still adhering to shining evergreen leaves of the trailing t. The plant has given its Latin name of periwinkle, " vinca major," that the first
primroses made flowery constellations, or pleasures of the botanist, and desires with clustered in the shelter of their wrinkled ourselves the diffusion of his pleasant knowleaves in pale, cold groups. Here it was, ledge,-a knowledge that in these days, also, that the wild hyacinths and early when so much is talked about educating purple orchises appeared, and by-and-bye, the working classes through the medium of when the cuckoo sang her two-note song the eye, by means of art galleries, picture in the near woods, and the wild rose gar- exhibitions, &c., should not surely be lost landed its drooping branches with blushing sight of, simply because God has scattered petals, the greater stichwort, “stelleria the materials broadcast, and made them ħolstea,” thrust through the tangles of the free as the common air for the delectation arching bramble stems her delicate green and use of all. The daily paths of many of leaves, and satin-surfaced flowers “whiter our labouring men and women lie amongst than Leda's love."
surroundings to which art makes toilsome We have gathered hawthorn from foot- pilgrimages; must the original pass into high branches, where, when Gerard wrote, imitation before the natural man can be it made fair groves, or picturesque groups, brought to admire and feel the beauty of and was annually resorted to by the youths its presence? Are painted flowers and trees, and maidens, who went thither “to bring tangled woodpaths, and flocks, and herds, in May," and deck their quaint old houses, villages and church-spires, purple moors and the city conduits, with green boughs and mists, so much more to be reverenced and nosegays of its flowers, on the first on canvas than upon the grand foreground. morning of this floral month; but the pre- and amidst the changeful lights and shades sent worn-down, stunted trunks and dwarfed of nature's tinting? branches are not unknown to children of a Depend upon it, that in the wilding maller growth, who come trooping out to flowers at his feet-in the insect forms he heath, on the first summer days, from around them-in all the wonders of the he close back lanes and fætid alleys, and natural world, of which he is a unit, lie nay be seen at evening wearily straggling the elements which form the truest bases owards home, their unwashed faces glisten- for his instruction—the dumb teachers ng with exercise and sunset, and their familiar, yet unknown—which, if invoked lands and even arms so full of the pillaged for him in all simple earnestness by the lay, king cups, and ragged robin, that initiated, will fascinate him with revelations heir devious ways may be tracked by the of beauty and wonder, and make his labour llen flowers from too copious handfuls, amongst them sweeter and nobler, recogniscattered in them; and our suburban paths ing in them ministering agents in the re furrowed as ancient bridebeds were economy of nature, and illustrations of the ith butter-cups. Here, too, comes out Divine power and beneficence. Let us ne modern representative of the physician unfold to him the microscopic glories of [ Elizabeth's time, the simpler, or herb- their structure, the utilities hidden in them, octor, stepping-unknowingly it may be the part they play as types of all he sees in
the foot-tracks of his ancient prototype, art and mechanism, and raise the intellect id, to this day, authority, John Gerard. and heart of the man, with the consciousere,
ness that the galleries of God's works are
open to him at all times and seasons, that * In some open place that to the sun doth lie
he may walk in them on a perfect equality He fumitary gets, and eyebright for the eye."
with the wearers of purple and fine linen, We have ourselves met with, and con- and that none can buy them up, or close rsed with him, and have found him rever- him out from them, when once enlightened tly faithful to the traditions of the great to their loveliness, and intellectually capable rbalist,” and given to rather severe of their appreciation. ilippics touching the unnaturalness of If, then, our talk of these Gerardian iny modern drugs,-holding with Parkin- flowers should impart another joy to that i that, in the beginning, God himself one weekly holiday from loom, and factory, pired 'Adam with a desire for a know- and forge-fire, which so many of our readers ge of natural things; and that he knew spend a portion of on Hampstead Heath, at herbs were fit for either meat or and bend the eyes of some of them, from dicine—for use or delight; further that the glorious panorama spread around, to
herbs of one's own country are the the countless forms of vegetable beauty at perest for our individual food and physic. their feet, not cursorily, but with investit he also loves flowers for their own gating eyes, our paper will have achieved et sake, and can appreciate the pure ' its purpose, and will have brought to other
bosoms than our own the delight with " As often on my couch I muse, shea in the night! which the study of them has often filled wake, us, -re-awakening, it may be, in some for 'Tis sweet to call to mind the words, while et en getful heart, the lesson of love and faith in 'Oh, come, ye weary, unto Me, and I will give so the Creator of them, once divinely taught
rest'by Him who chose the fields for His Sab- And then I long to flee away, and lie span Es bath walk, and culled a lily to illustrate breast. His sweet sermon.
“For I am growing weary Dor-I feel my race a
The lamp is burning feebly, and the light will LAST WORDS.
The world I thought so lovely once is fading fast A YOUTR, with pale and care-worn countenance
away, Consumption's victim-on his death-bed lay, And on my vision breaks the dawn of everlasting Aud, Jeaning on his favourite sister's breast,
day." He, musing, spake these words:
Awhile he silent lay, then turned to those he break "Yes, it must he! I, too, must die, and leave this
Bade them adieu, and went to rest with God. world so fair.
GILBERT Asarak Frail mortal! lay thy armour down, and yield
without despair To the stern tyrant, who awaits the falling of the sand,
ALONE IN THE NIGHT. Then claims his own, and grasps his prey with an
The soft winds rest upon that fair white bror, unsparing hand.
And pass beneath that rich and raven hair;
And in those wistful eyes that dim not nos “All, all must go ! for true it is this world is not our home,
There shineth full the light of holy prayer. The flame immortal burns within ; it needs no
There Beauty lingers fondly on her throne, sacred tome
And seems unwilling to vacate it now; To tell that man shall live for aye, when sun, and
But Sorrow comes to call it all her own, moon, and star, And this bright world, shall melt away, as do the
And trace her wrinkle on that fair white bror. hosts of war.
All, all alone! the pledge he left of love
ls gone, gone where the dear ones nsrer put;"Tis sad to die, while yet the light of youth is on She weeps, but tears are links to hopes abere. my brow,
And God hath lent them for the broken heart. And the world's inspiring music seems sweeter far just now.
And through dark night Faith lifts her searching I thought that I might work awhile within the eye, Master's fold,
And looks from star to star at last to God, And tell of all His wondrous love, more precious And thinks to meet in light beyond the sky far than gold.
The little heart that sleeps beneath the sod. “But He has will'd it otherwisc—'tis useless to re- Hope listens to the whispers of the stars, pine;
And brightens in their pure and blessed shine, And what am I, that I should wish His will to be Yet seeks beyond the everlasting bars, like mine?
And lakes her promise from the All-DiviseWhy have I daily used the prayer our blessed
“The Fatherhood of God shall shelter thee; Saviour taught,
And when all other love to thee is dead, And said, 'Thy will be done,' I against His will His purer love thy heart's soft rest shall be, have fought?
And yield thee joy when Earth's best joys are tal “Weak am I as a bruised reed-I cannot stand “ That Love, thy gentle trust can be'er beirss, alone -
Nor blight thy life, nor sully thy fair fame, And could I weep for days and nights, would that Nor hide thy beauty from the light of day,
for sin atone? Who can look back through all his life, and say "Think not of him, the false one who hath gets
Nor mantle on thy cheek the blash of shame. (there is not one), Were I to live it o'er again I nought would leave Oh! curse him not, nor wish him back again; undone?
But breathe for him a prayer at God's high throm,
And let the vespers blend their soft Amea," "We read upon the sacred page that they them
selves deceive Who say that they are free from sin, and ne'er His The stars are gone, the wind's deep stir is lsid Spirit grieve.
The pale lights of the dawn are stealing than I have not served Him as I ought, with perfect And brighten on that brow within the shade, heart, and true,
And wreathe their halo round a rest so fair. But ou His mercy I rely, and that is ever new
CARTOUCHE, THE ROBBER.
In the environs of Paris, at the extre-establishment he contrived to escape, and mity of the Faubourg du Temple, is a for several days wandered about the place well known to the French workman, suburbs of Paris, without home, without who, on Sundays and holidays, goes there asylum, till one day, a gang of wandering to enjoy the pleasures of the dance and thieves, that travelled from town to town the booth. This place, which to-day to exercise their misdirected energies, demands but the slightest amount of seeing in the lad the promise of a quick attention from the police, was during the and inventive member of their craft, last century the rendezvous sharpers, adopted bim. thieves, drunkards, and, in fact, of all the In a very little time young Cartouche scum of the capital, and at the same time became their most valuable assistant. was constantly invaded by the vigilant He went with them the tour of France, gensd'armes.
everywhere distinguishing himself by his In this quarter, which is called La address and audacity, and at length reCourtille, Louis Dominique Cartouche turned to Paris an accomplished thief. first saw the light, at the close of the year Every day numerous complaints were 1693. His father, an honest wine-shop addressed to the authorities, on the audakeeper in the place, had amassed during cious robberies that were being commithis labours a comfortable independence, ted in the capital; the police redoubled the fruit of economy, of hard work, and their watchfulness, and Cartouche, fearing of very assiduous improvement of his to be discovered, requested of M. d'Artime. The worthy tavern-keeper had genson, at that time lieutenant of police, marked out for his son a glorious future, an audience on business of a very particuand with this end had intended to educate lar nature. The official acceded to his him very carefully. He placed him in request. Cartouche presented himself, the College of Louis le Grand, where at and proposed to the official to put him on that time the young Arouet de Voltaire the traces of all the thieves which infested was obtaining the most brilliant success. the capital. This proposition was acBut Cartouche was not able to settle down cepted, and Cartouche entered the police to his studies; from the age of twelve service at the remuneration of a crown years he displayed an incredible address, per day. an activity of intellect the most mis- This modest income did not, however, chievous, and an irresistible longing for suffice for his debaucheries, and accordtheft. Already he had committed many ingly he combined with his function that acts of petty larceny towards his fellow of crimp. Till the year 1789 the conpupils, though without being discovered, scription did not exist in France, and wben one of those little peccadilloes was voluntary enlistment going forward but the means of getting him expelled from slowly, the army was principally supplied college. Having heard that one of his by men paid to entice the young and fellow scholars, belonging to a rich and thoughtless to enlist. These crimps stanoble family, had lately received the sum tioned themselves in every street, and in of a hundred crowns, he contrived to every tavern, causing poor devils to roter his chamber, obtain the key of the drink, and while drunk making them sign lesk, and to make himself master of the an engagement they were bound to fulfil precious hoard.
under penalty of being shot. These Fearing lest he should be discovered, crimps had a fee for each victim; and in le fled from the college, never to return, order to drive a more rapid trade, deputy. nd took refuge in his father's house; but crimps were employed, with whom their he latter, speedily learning the truth, superiors divided the fees. Such was the esolved to shut him up in Saint Lazare. honourable profession which Cartouche Is they were conducting him to this added to that of police spy. His success
in this new line of business was so great court. Afterwards he formed depóta az! that the jealousy of his superior officer branch establishments among the w was excited, and the latter was resolved vincial towns. He framed a code of lies to get rid of him. One day, in the tavern of the most severe and stringent sster, which was the scene of Cartouche's ex- and reserved to himself the right de ploits, the superior crimp induced him to and death over the members of this modrink' till he became intoxicated; and ciation. while in this condition caused him, in his One can easily understand what eri turn, to sign an enlistment paper. When effects such an organised band would en the fumes of wine had passed off, Car- duce. Very quickly nothing was her! touche was astonished to find himself a in Paris but robberies and murders; the soldier of the king. But knowing by public vehicles were stopped, the mand experience the military law, which if pillaged, hotels and palaces were broke broken would sentence him to be disposed into. The police were exhansted trist of by a round of cartridge, he left Paris to their fruitless exertions. The magistrates
, join his regiment.
not knowing by wbat means to get C# He served during several years, and touche into their hands, offered a large re with distinction; he displayed great ward to any one who should succeed in courage, gaining the esteem of his officers, bringing him to justice; but he escaped and was promoted to the grade of sergeant. prison and pursuers, as much by the clear Had the war continued, his destiny would, disguise he adopted as by his excessive doubtless, have been entirely different; address. and instead of a villain, his name would The prospect of obtaining the large have been inscribed in the military reward had, as was expected, tempted the annals of his country. But peace was cupidity of several members of his band. not suited to his energetic temperament, Their leader, however, learnt that the and immediately after the signing of the were about to betray him, and reserved peace, he applied for and obtained leave to make a terrible example. He assen of absence, unfortunately, with the inten- bled his band at midnight in the Forest oi tion of returning to Paris.
Bourget. He walked round his coOnce in the metropolis, his old habits panions, addressing them in severe le of thieving and burglary grew upon him guage; then calling upon a young solier
, with increased force. The wild financial belonging to the Royal Guard, whom be schemes of law, recently exploded, had suspected of treason, he ordered him to induced a spirit for gambling and a quit the ranks and step forward. The thirst for gold throughout all classes, loading his intended treachery with the leaving society in a state of demorali' most fearful reproaches, he commanded sation. Accordingly, Cartouche found another member of the gang to adrada, accomplices in the most elevated circles. and stab bim. When this terrible at They, by position, aided him to commit was performed, Cartouche, withdrawing his numberless depredations, and divided the blood-stained weapon from the side di with him the produce of his infamous the unhappy man, and pointing to him in ingenuity.
the flickering light of torches that lit » His first care was to organise in the the scene, cried “Perish thus whoeter capital itself a large and faithful military violates his oath.” It was by this em band. Some soldiers whom he had known getic behaviour that he maintained in bio while with his regiment, some officers, band the most passive and absoluta cashiered for their vile conduct, and who obedience. thus found themselves without resources, Cartouche was of small stature, but Fel formed the first members of this gang. robust ; his countenance was marked as Independently of these accomplices, he a sweet and attractive espression; 15 contrived to press into his service some he displayed on every occasion an esta discharged police officials former mem- ordinary and cool audacity. bers of the municipal guard, valets, and even the servants of the nobility and pursued, be visited the theatres et
Notwithstanding that he was constant