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we should state that the original cost, effectual means to force the trade into we understand, was 30,000 dollars ; and China. When the East India Governthat the fitting out, and expenses of

ment is cut off at one stroke from the every description for the voyage, in- annual receipt of two millions, we may cluding value for the return cargo, was be quite sure that the tiger of the East estimated at 60,000 more; say altogether will put out its claws, and that effectu100,000 dollars. The number of the ally. The weaker government will have negros brought back, as has been before to succumb, and this monopoly of death, stated, was 860, and they were said to misery, desolation, and ruin, will be have been sold at 340 dollars per head, solemnly secured to the East India producing the sum of nearly 300,000 Company. Nothing more avowedly dollars, of which two-thirds, therefore, wicked was ever undertaken by any was net profit. So long as such returns government, than this diabolical opium can be effected, we fear that no efforts trade. The pernicious drug is cultivated whutever will be effectual in suppressing by the Company in lands near Benares, the traffic, and certainly not while the for the express purpose of smuggling it dealers have only to meet such a system into China, against all the laws and of corruption as pervades every depart- edicts of the Chinese Empire. The ment of the government of the island. trade has caused the death of several

thousands of the Chinese every year ; “ The Chinese Government, which and, indeed, is an evil beyond compare, has long been waging war, though in- next to that of slavery. But what can effectually, with the opium trade, a trade stand against two millions sterling anthat is creating indescribable havoc nual profit ? And what can our navies amongst the subjects of that vast Empire, and armies do against the slave trade in has, at last, been exasperated to adopt the West, which we see exceeds in the strongest measures that lie within profit all other speculations that cupidity the reach of an absolutely despotic can achieve ? government. By a decree of the emperor, All these things are mine, said the the whole commerce of China" with

devil, and I give them to whom I foreigners has been suspended, and all please. He is god and prince of this the residences of the, merchants sur- world, and in it he will reign and be rounded by a military guard, and all worshipped. When he can shew man food and water denied. The restraint that by doing some sin he may accumuon them was not removed until all the late riches, then is the sin undertaken opium in the port, amounting to 20,283 without a moment's delay. If it could chests, was surrendered to the Chinese be shewn that three hundred per cent authorities. · The celerity with which profit could be gained by burning infants the proceedings have been conducted,' alive in the furnaces of Moloch, then says a correspondent in the newspapers, would companies be secretly formed in the decision which marks its termina- England with large capital, for buying tion, and the magnitude of the measure, up children, or stealing them for the cut off as it has in one moment, and by horrid rites; the shipping interest could a single stroke of policy, the vast sum of be all on the alert, and every branch of four millions sterling from the trade and trade, sooner or later, would participate resources of a great nation (i. e. Great in the guilt. “Respectable" individuals, Britain), invest the transactions with a the nobility, clergy, and gentry, male character which has no parallel in the and female, gentle and simple, the pious history of commerce.' The correspon- and impious, would alt speculate." dent further states, that much of the Shares would sell at an immense profit, floating speculative capital of Bengal and large fortunes would be lost and and Bombay, was invested in the opera

Imagination cannot invent any tions of the opium trade, and the East thing too wicked for man, if only there be India Company drew annually a cleur lurge profit in the sin. This is the prime revenue from the mon: poly, of 2,000,000 consideration,

quocunque modo rem." sterling. The shipping interest is also But what a view does this open to us said to be severely hurt by these violent of that mystery which men so much measures of the Chinese government admire---“ government.” Look at the

But what then will be the result ? East India Company gaining two milWhy, first of all, the English government lions sterling annually by smuggling ; will make it a question, and will take look at the English government receiving

won.

MILLENNIUM.

five millions annually for the licensing of melt, and the heavens pass away with ?
ardent spirits; look at the American great noise ; the earth and all her work
government steadily upholding slavery; shall be burnt up, and a new heaven ani
look at all the cotton trade of Great a new earth appear,” agreeable to the
Britain, the chief support of the slavery promise, “wherein dwelleth righteous-
of America! Is this then the world ness.” This will be the last jubilee, ani
that man thinks is to be renovated by the last Sabbath ; and now shall “ thu
man ?

meek inherit the earth," and the elec
shall 16

long enjoy the work of thei
hands," for they will, in this state, out.

live all the antediluvians, for “they shal WILLIAM HUNTINGTON'S VIEWS OF THE

live and reign with Christ a thousanc
years.” This will appear a heavenly

country, and Zion “a city that hati Who has not heard of William Hunting- foundations whose builder and maker i: ton, S.S. ? It may be interesting to see God.” This will be “the heavenly Je the opinions of that writer on the millen- rusalem, the holy city," and the camp o. nium.

the saints; and the thousand years' resi " And they that were ready went in that remains to the people of God, of with him to the marriage, and the door which the Sabbath was a sign ; and here was shut.” This marriage is not in hea- we shall rest from our works as God did ven, or in ultimate glory; for Christ at from his. At this time we shall meet this time comes to raise the dead who all the flock; this will be “the general died in faith, and to change the saints assembly and church of the first-born, that shall at this time be found alive whose names are written in heaven." upon earth; and when the one is changed, And at the close of the thousand years and the other raised, they enter into the wicked shall be raised and judged, the heavenly Jerusalem, which at this and when banished and imprisoned, the time will be let down out of heaven from saints will ascend to ultimate glory; the God. “ They will mount up to meet scaffold will be struck, and time will be the Lord in the air,” when he will burn no more ; but heaven will be the saint's the world, and the wicked in it, as he did final home, and God will be all in all.Sodom and Gomorrah, and then “ create Sermon on the Wise and Foolish Virgins, all things new." “ The elements shall preached A.D. 1797.

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MISCELLANEOUS.

MILLENNARIANISM-THE CONGREGA

TIONAL MAGAZINE.

The Congregational Magazine for August has the following sentence :“Mr. Fysh is a Millennarian, an advocate of a literal first resurrection, and a personal reign of Christ and of the saints, to extend over a period of 360,000 years. His attempt is but another convincing proof of the soundness of our opinion, deliberately formed, and long maintained, how little the habit of mind which falls in with modern Millennarianism is adapted to the severe induction of facts and arguments, sober comparison of events, and close observation of cause and effect, required in the interpreter of prophecy. In fact, all that is learned in the Millennarian school must be forgotten, ere men can,

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Papacy now reckons, in Europe, Asia, evening a grand banquet, at which the Africa, and America, or what they would Roman Catholic clergy, nobility, and call “ The Universal Church,” 668 arch- gentry, in high hilarity, over Howing bishops and bishops. In Europe, 573; in bumpers, expressed the exuberance of Asia, 15; in Africa, 10; in America, 70. their Popish feelings.

The revenue of the Pope amounts to But what the saints, whose bones had 41,000,000 francs (about 1,800,0001.) that day been enshrined and consecrated per annum. The annual expenses of the in the reliquery below, would think of all Papal Palace are about 60,000l. The this obstreperous festivity above, we College of Cardinals receive from the

know not. The banquets of all chapel Pope 30,0007. The Papal troops cost "his openings marvellously resemble one anHoliness" 400,0001. per annum.

Of the other, clerical body there are 5,300 in the city of Rome, regularly domiciled; but this

TixallConversion.—On Sunday, June number, by addition of occasional resi

30th, C. Wolseley, Esq., eldest son of dents, who are congregated in the Papal

Sir Charles Wolseley, Bart., made a pubcity on ecclesiastical business, is said to

lic abjuration of Protestantism, and was amount to two thousand more. The

formally admitted into the Roman CaStates of the Church possess seven uni

tholic Church, in the chapel at Tixall. versities ; one at Rome, with 660 stu

It would, however, be a great mistake dents; one at Bologna, with 550 stu

to suppose that either the baronet or his dents; one at Perugia, with 200 students;

son were ever really Protestants : they one at Camerino, with 200 students; one

were ostensible members of the Church at Fermo, with 200 students; one at Fer

of England;

and what that means every rara, with 300 students; and one at Ma- body knows. cerata, with 200 students. There are, Irelund, Coleraine.-Forty adults have besides, 21 collegiate schools for the edu

lately been received into the bosom of the cation of boys in the Papal dominions ; Roman Catholic Church, by the priest but the instruction of the schools and

Green. universities is wholly, and exclusively in the hands of the clergy ; just as in

They are going to build a superb England, the priests of the Anglican Popish church at York: a separate assoChurch are endeavouring to secure a

ciation has been formed for the exclusive monopoly of education in their own purpose of purchasing stained glass for hands.

the edifice. It will, doubtless, be a very

fine building : but the old cathedral wiil William C. Maxwell, Esq., of Ever- ever eclipse any work that the Papists ingham, in Yorkshire, has built a most can raise in these days. superb church at Everingham for the Roman Catholic religion. The length of this stately building is 120 feet; the interior of the church is decorated by a range of Auted Corinthian columns; the John Thorogood, a Protestant dissenroof is semicircular ; the altar is of the ter, is lying in gaol at Chelmsford - for richest Italian marbles and workmanship, contempt of the Ecclesiastical Court;" and the whole building is to be decorated in other words, for refusing to pay five with statues and pictures. The first shillings and sixpence, church-rate. He mass was performed in this church on has complained of the harsh treatment the 10th of July, with all imaginable he meets with in the gaol ; and the visitpomp and grandeur. There were near a ing magistrates have published a reply to hundred priests in procession, bishops in his statement. The last sentence of in their mitres, banners, relique-biers, their reply is remarkable: “ Felons are trumpets, torches, and all the parapher- only allowed to have such books as are nalia of their superstition. A vast con- published by the Society for Promoting course of people was assembled to be- Christian Knowledge, and approved by hold the spectacle, and the provincial the chaplain of the gaol.” Alas! poor newspapers seem at a loss for words to felons! The Society for Promoting Chrisexpress their astonishment at the glitter tian Knowledge and the chaplain of the and grandeur of this most imposing ce- gaol will make these unfortunate culprits remony, which lasted seven hours. Under understand by experience somewhat of the roof of the chapel there was in the the bitterness of penal ignorance.

CHURCH RATES.

468

POETRY

ON THE DEATU OF A BELOVED

MOTHER.

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" Where thou art gone,
Adieus and farewells are a sound unknown."

Cowper on his Mother's Picture.

'Tis strange that I can calmly bear

To kiss that brow so pale and chill ; Nor wish that life, but lately there,

Were sparkling in those features still.

In childhood I have wept to think,

The day would come when thou must die: The thought upon my heart would sink,

And fill with clouds my sunniest sky.

Yet thou hast died: and though I weep,

Dear mother, as I gaze on thee, I would not break thy placid sleep,

Nor ask thine eye to gaze on me.

I would not, for its tenderest glance,

Nor for the sweetest smile of love, Disturb that deep, oblivious trance,

Nor lure thee from thy home above.

And do I therefore love thee less

Than when the thought of losing thee, In days of childish happiness,

Hath checked me in my hour of glee ?

I wept: for then my soul was strange

To hopes that bless my later years ; I thought not of a bright exchange

Of heaven for earth-of joy for tears. But earth was not, (I lived to see),

The paradise that childhood deems; And all my fairy hopes for thee

I found at last unreal dreams.

I saw that dear, beloved brow,

Beneath the weight of suffering press'd; I saw the fainting spirit bow,

And ask in vain for peace and rest.

Till brighter hopes, that were not dreams,

Their light around thy spirit shed, And heaven itself broke out in gleams

Of glory on thy dying bed.

There every word, and smile and look,

Proclaimed thy fleeting soul forgiven ; And well I knew when it forsook

This vale of tears, 'twas safe in heaven.

The blood of Christ for thee hath done

Its everlasting work of love ; For thee, thy dying Lord hath won

A crown of life, a throne above.

THE INQUIRER.

OCTOBER, 1839.

What saith the Scripture ?-Rom. iv. 3.

THE SCRIPTURE ESTIMATE OF SERVICE IN THE

CHURCH OF GOD.

“If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.”--JOHN xii. 26.

$ 1.-THE CHURCH OF GOD. To judge aright concerning any portion of the truth of God, it is needful to take the testimony of the word as being the only authority to which we can have recourse. Any judgment formed apart from this will resolve itself into one of these two things: either into acquiescing in the thoughts of others, whether from indolence or from the desire of pleasing them; or else following our own thoughts to please ourselves.

Obedience to God answers and meets both of these forms of error; a Christian ought to judge according to the word, not that he may please other men, or himself, but that he may please God. We may judge a thing which really is right to be so, because it is according to the word, or we may approve of it because of the approbation of others, or because our own pride of intellect impels us so to do. Men may suppose in the three cases the result to be the same, while before God it is altogether different. Three men may perform actions exactly similar in the judgment of man, as far as his eye can see, but one may be complying with those around him, and doing that which they judge to be right; the second may be pleasing himself; while the third may be pleasing God, doing His will from the heart, because he has learned God's mind.

This may help to illustrate the important truth, that it is only from God’s revealed will in His word that we can learn to act or to judge aright. Other things may possibly, in some cases, lead to rectitude in external action, but the right motive, and the ground of judgment, will always be wanting, if the mind be not resting in obedience upon that which God has declared.

In looking at that important portion of Christian truth which is involved in Service in the Church of God, it will be needful simply to follow the revelation of the word, and to look at truth as there presented.

But before making any remarks on “Service," it is necessary to speak of the “ Church of God;" for the characteristics of service in that “ Church” can only be apprehended aright by first seeing what it really is in itself-what its character, standing, and blessings.

The Church of God” is the aggregate of those “ whose names were written from the foundation of the world, in the book of life of the slain Lamb" (Rev. xiii. 8. Greek), the whole of that great multitude which no man can number, who will appear before the throne, having washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb (Rev. vii). They are called “the general assembly, and Church of the first-born, whose names are written (or, enrolled) in heaven” (Heb. xii. 23). Of them it is written, “ Christ loved the Church, and gave Himself for it, that He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, that He might present it to Himself a glorious Church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it should be holy and without blemish” (Eph. v. 25—27).

VOL. II.

3 D

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