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it is placed a small whistle, made of the bone of and I wish I could say, those quaint fopperies were a rabbit's leg, about two inches long, and the wholly absent from graver subjects. Siriji. end formed like a flageolet, with a little soft wax. QUAKE, v. n.&n.s. Sax. cbacan; Lat. quutio This is the end fastened into the purse; the To shake; to tremble with cold or fear; to be other is closed up with the same wax, only a yielding ; not solid or firm: a shudder. hole is opened with a pin, to make it give a dis- The mountains quake at him, and the hills meli, tinct and clear sound. To make this sound, it and the earth is burnt at his presence. Nahum. i. 5. must be held full in the palm of the hand, with

Dorus threw Pamela behind a tree, where she one of the fingers placed over the top of the stood quaking like the partridge on which the bawk

Sidney. wax; then the purse is to be pressed, and the is ready to seize.

Do such business as the better day finger is to shake over the middle of it, to mo

Would quake to look on. Shakspeare. Hamlet. dulate the sound it gives into a sort of shake.

As the earth may sometimes shake, This is the most useful call; for it imitates the

For winds shut up will cause a quake ; note of the hen-quail, and seldom fails to bring

So often jealousy and fear a cock to the net if there be one near the place. Stol'n to nine heart, cause tremblings there. The call that imitates the note of the cock, and

Suckling is used to bring the hen to him, is to be about The quaking powers of height stood in amaze. four inches long, and above an inch thick; it is

Couley. to be made of a piece of wire turned round and In fields they dare not fight, where honour calls, curled, and covered with leather; and one end The very noise of wars their souls does wound, of it must be closed up with a piece of flat They quake but hearing their own trumpets sound.

Dryden. wood, about the middle of which there must be a small thread or strap of leather, and at the The quaking mud, that clos d and op'd no more.

Next Smedley dived ; slow circles dimpled o'er other end is to be placed the same sort of pipe,

Pope. made of bone, as in the other call. The noise

QUAKERS. See FRIENDS. is made by opening and closing the spiral. Fr. coint ; of Lat. compo

QUAL'IFY, v. a. & v. n. / QUAINT, adj.

Fr. ; QUALIFICATION, n. s.

} of Lat

. qualis and QUAINT'LY, adv. tus. Nice; minutely ex

QUAINT'NESS, n. s. Sact; having petty ele- facere. To fit or furnish ; make capable of; gance ; subtle ; sly; fine-spun ; affected: Spenser verb neuter, fit one's self: qualification is, ac

hence reduce; assuage; modify; abate : as a uses it for quailed.

complishment; fitness; that which fits or qualiAs clerkes been full subtle and quaint. Chaucer.

fies; abatement; modification. Each ear sucks up the words a true love scattereth And plain speech oft, than quaint phrase framed is. He balms and herbs thereto applied,

Sidney.

And evermore with mighty spells them charmed, With such fair slight him Guyon failed :

That in short space he has them qualified, Till at the last, all breathless, weary and faint,

And him restored to health that would have dy'd. Him spying, with fresh onset he assailed,

Spenser. And kinding new his courage, seeming quaint,

That which ordinary men are fit for, I am qualified Struck him so hugely, that through great constraint in; and the best of me is diligence.

Shakspeare. He made him stoop.

Spenser.

I do not seek to quench your love's hot fire,
You were glad to be employed,

But qualify the fire's extreme rage,
To shew how quaint an orator you are.

Lest it should burn above the bounds of reason.

Shakspeare. I never saw a better fashioned gown,

I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that was More quaint, more pleasing, or more commendable. craftily qualified 100; and behold what innovation it

Shakspeare.

mahes here. Breathe his faults so quaintly,

It hath so pleased God to provide for all living That they seem the taints of liberty,

creatures, wherewith he hath filled the world, that The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind. Id.

such inconveniences as we contemplate afar off aie When was old Sherewood's hair ‘more quaintly found by wial, and the witness of men's traicis, 10 curled,

be so viuliteil, as there is no portion of the earth Or nature's cradle more enchased and purl?d?

made in vain.

Ruleigh's History of the World. Ben Jonson. Place over them such governors, as may be qualiWhat's the efficient cause of a king ? surely a fied in such manner as may govern the place. quaint question; yet a question that has been moved.

Bacon. Holyday. They would report that they had records for twenty He his fabrick of the heav'ns

thousand years, which must needs be a very great Hath left to their disputes, perhaps to move untruth, unless we will qualify it, expounding their His laughter at their quaint opinions wide years not of the revolution of the sun, but of the Hereafter. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Abbot. He spends some passages about two similitudes; It hath no larinx or throttle to qualify the sound. one of mine, and another quainter of his own.

Browne.
Stilling fleet. So happy 'tis you move in such a sphere,
As my Buxoma

As your high majesty with awful fear
With gentle finger, stroaked her milky care, In human breasts might qualify that fire,
I quaintly stole a kiss.

Gay. Which kindled by those eyes had famed higher. There is a certain majesty in simplicity, which is

Waller. far above all the quaintness of wit.

Pope. Children should be early instructed in the true To this we owe those monstrous productions, estimate of things, by opposing the good to the which under the name of trips, spies, amusements, evil, and compensating or qualifying one thing with and other conceited appellations, have overrun us ;

L'Estrange.

another.

Id.

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moon.

Good qualifications of mind enable a magistrate to sound, can be subzistent in the bodies themselves abperform his duty, and tend to create a public esteem solutely considered, without a relation to our eyes of him.

Atterbury. and ears, and other organs of sense : these qualities My proposition ! have qualified with the word are only the effects of our sensation, which arise from often; thereby making allowances for those cases, the different motions upon our nerves from objects whereby men of excellent minds may, by a long without, according to their various modification and practice of virtue, have rendered the heights and ri- position.

Bentley. gours of it delightful.

Id.

Of all the servile herd, the worst is he, It is in the power of the prince to make piety and That in proud dullness joins with quality, virtue become the fashion, if he would make them A constant critick at the great man's board, necessary qualifications for preferment. Swift. To fetch and carry nonsense for my lord. After mentioning the corporation and test acts,

Pope. and some others which do not relate to the point un- We, who are hearers, may be allowed some opder consideration, it is enacted that persons who, portunities in the quality of standers-by. Swifi. after the passing of the act, have omitted to qualify To quality belongs the highest place, in the manner prescribed by those acts, and who My lord comes forward ; forward let him come! shall properly qualify before the 25th of the ensuing Ye vulgar! at your peril give him room. December, shall be indemnified against all penalties,

Young. forfeitures, incapacities, and disabilities ; and their Nothing discovers the true quality and disposition elections, and the acts done by them, are declared to of the mind more than the particular kind of knowbe good. Tomlin's Law Dictionary. ledge it is most fond of.

Mason. QUAL'ITY, n. s. Fr. qualité ; Lat. qualitas. QUALM, n. s. Sax. cpealm; Dan. and Nature considered relatively ; property ; adjunct ; QUALM'ish, adj. J Teut. qualm. A sudden fit disposition of mind or temper; qualification; of sickness; sudden seizure of languor: the adrank : hence persons of high rank collectively jective corresponding. considered.

Some sudden qualm hath struck me to the heart, These, being of a far other nature and quality, are And dimmed mine eyes, that I can read no further. not so strictly or everlastingly commanded in scrip

Shakspeare. ture.

Hooker.

I am qualmish at the smell of leek. Id. It is with the clergy, if their persons be respected, Compared to these storms, death is but a qualm, even as it is with other men ; their quality many Hell somewhat lightsome, the Bermudas calm. times far beneath thai which the dignity of their

Donne. place requireth.

Id.

I find a cold qualm come over my heart, that I In the division of the kingdom, it appears not faint, I can speak no longer.

Howel. which of the dukes he values most; for qualities are

All maladies so weighed, that curiosity in neither can make choice Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture qualms of either's moiety. Shakspeare. Of heart-sick agony.

Milton's Paradise Lost. 0, mickle is the powerful grace, that lies

For who, without a qualm, hath ever looked In plants, herbs, stones, and their true qualities. On holy garbage, though by Homer cooked ? Id.

Roscommon. Let him be so entertained, as suits with gentlemen Thy mother well deserves that short delight, of your knowing to a stranger of his quality. The nauseous qualms of ten long months and travail

id. Cymbeline.
to delight.

Dryden's Virgil. The attorney of the duchy of Lancaster partakes

You drop into the place, of both qualities, partly of a judge in that court, and Careless and qualmish with a yawning face. partly of an attorney-general. Bacon.

Dryden. The matter is, whether he be a man of such quality They have a sickly uneasiness upon them, shiftthat the state allows him to have a dove-house. ing and changing from one error, and' from one

Selden.

qualm to another, hankering after novelties. He had those qualities of horsemanship, dancing,

L'Estrange. and fencing, which accompany a good breeding.

The qualms or ruptures of your blood

Clarendon. Rise in proportion to your food. Prior. The masters of these horses may be admitted to

When he hath stretched his vessels with wine to dine with the lord lieutenant: this is to be done, their utmost capacity, and is grown weary and sick, what quality soever the persons are of. Temple.

and feels those qualms and disturbances that usually One doubt remains, said I, the dames in green,

attend such excesses, he resolves that he will hereWhat were their qualities, and who their queen ?

after contain himself within the bounds of sobriety. Dryden.

Calamy. The power to produce any idea in our mind, I call quality of the subject, wherein that power is.

QUANGSEE, a province of the south-west

Locke. ern frontier of China, bordering on Tonquin. Since the event of an action usually follows the East and north it is flat, but fertile, and yields nature or quality of it, and the quality follows the rice for export. The rest of the province consists Tule directing it, it concerns a man, in the framing of lofty mountains, covered with wood, and conof his actions, not to be deceived in the rule.

taining mines of gold, silver, copper, and tin, South.

which have only of late been allowed to be I shall appear at the masquerade, dressed up in worked on condition of their paying forty per my feathers, that the quality may see how pretty they cent. to the emperor, and five per cent to the will look in their travelling habits.

People of quality are fine things, indeed, if they officers and troops employed in superintending had but a little more money; but for want of that them. The gold mines, however, were retained they are often forced to do things they are ashamed by the emperor in his own hands. The quangof.

Vanburgh. lang tree, of the pith of which bread is made, is No sensible qualities, as light and color, heat and indigenous here; as well as a species of cinnainon. Sir G. Staunton reckons the inhabitants sition; accent and emphasis, being an elevation: at 10,000,000. The capital is called Kouelong or depression of the voice, are actually the varior Queyling.

ation from one note to another; pause is, by QUAN'TITY, n. s. Fr. quantité ; Ital. quan- in name; while tone, implying all that modu

musicians, under the term a rest, only changed QUAN'TITIVE, tita; Lat. quantitas. Ex- lation of the voice effected by the tranquil

, QUANTUM, n. s. tent; bulk; bigness or smallness of size or number; part ; portion; a

plaintive or empassioned mind, is what the large portion ; measure of time in pronunciation: complete organ very nearly effects by its diaquantitive is estimable by quantity : quantum, by the swell; and the cadence is but the return

pason, sesquialter, principal, and occasionally amount; sum.

of the air and notes to the same key to which If I were sawed into quantities, I should make the whole composition is set. We now easily four dozen of such bearded hermites staves as master

perceive that of all that once gave eloquence to Shallow.

Shakspeare.

the orations of Cicero, and harmony to the So varying still their moods, observing yet in all Their quantities, their rests, their censures metrical.

strains of Virgil, we now retain but a concateDrayton.

nation of vowels and consonants, in fact, but a This explication of rarity and density, by the com. lifeless syllabication. Notwithstanding, howposition of substance with quantity, may give little ever, this latitude for doubt, and the difficulties satisfaction to such who are apt to conceive therein to which the question is liable, several with no other composition or resolution but such as our little hesitation define the quantity of a syllable senses shew us, in compounding and dividing bodies to be the duration of the voice in pronouncing according to quantitive parts.

Digby. it. But whilst this, on the one hand, renders The easy pronunciation of a mute before a liquid the whole poetic fabric consistent, it is, on the does not necessarily make the preceding vowel, by other, not a little at variance with the customary position, long in quintity; as patrem.

Holder.

and established pronunciation of many who Unskilled in hellebore, if thou shou’dst try To mix it, and mistake the quantity,

are amongst the principal advocates of prosodial The rules of physick wou'd against thee cry.

orthoepy, as well as with the manner in which Dryden.

the Latin language is frequently pronounced The warm antiscorbutical plants, taken in quan- among the moderns, and by the British nation. tities, will occasion stinking breath, and corrupt the To youth we prescribe the laws of quantity, blood.

Arbuthnot. and we oblige them to pronounce the first sylQuantity is what may be increased or diminished. lable of profugus short, and that of copia long

Cheyne. because the former is a tribrac, and the latter a The quantum of presbyterian merit, during the dactyl; but we not only allow them, but accusreign of that ill-advised prince, will easily be com- tom ourselves to pronounce něpos, fides, globus, puted.

Swift. and conjúgium, as though these several syllables QUANTITY.—To define what the ancient quan- were respectively long,and are accused by foreigntity was, in the age when its nature was not ers not only of departing from the genuine sound determinable merely from the mouldering mann- of the Greek and Latin vowels, but of violating scripts, or hieroglyphic symbols of our modern the quantity of these languages more than any copyists; but when the criteria for the ear, other European nation. The author of the Essay which Quinctilian declares cannot be imitated on the Harmony of Languages gives us a detail of except orally, were obtained from the only ef- the particulars by which this accusation is fectual source, the viva vox, is an arduous and proved, so accurate as to give it claim to cit almost hopeless task. From the ashes, how- tion here. The falsification of the harmony by ever, we have gleaned together with other anti- English scholars in their pronunciation of quarians our quota; and from the scattered Latin, with regard to essential points, arises fragments, imperfect records, and broken monu- from two causes only: first, from a total inatments of the general ruin, have collected whattention to the length of vowel sounds, making we call our rules.

them long or short merely as chance directs; It is clear that in the ancient elocution there and, secondly, from sounding doubled consowere not only fifteen vowel sounds, represented nants as only one letter. The remedy of the by six letters, but each of these was again sus- last fault is obvious. With regard to the first, ceptible of one of the three accents, the acute, we have already observed that each of our vowels the grave, or the circumflex. And though the has its general long sound, and its general short Greeks remedied this in part, by two additional sound totally different. Thus, the short sound of characters, yet to express the mere duration of e lengthened is expressed by the letter a, and their syllables, there is still an obvious defi- the short sound of "i lengthened is expressed by ciency. Every intelligent observer will admit the letter e. And with all these anomalies, usual that elocution is nothing but a species of music, in the application of vowel characters to the since every thing implied by the duration of a vowel sounds of our own language, we proceed syllable, the mood or general time of delivery, to the application of vowel sounds to the vowel accent, emphasis, pause, tone, and cadence, are characters of the Latin. Thus, in the first sylproperties which may be very adequately ex- lable of sidus and nomen, which ought to be pressed on paper, in musical composition, or, long, and of miser and õnus, which ought to be more completely, by a good organ. Hence the short, we equally use the common long sourd duration of a syllable is perfectly analogous to of the vowels; but, in the oblique cases, sideris, the relative difference between a minim and a nominis, miseri, oneris, &c., we use quite anocrotchet; the mood, to the general time, whether ther sound, and that a short one. These strange quick or slow, observed in the whole compo- anomalies are not in common to us with our

.

southern neighbours the French, Spaniards, and by the best critics are considered as perfectly Italians. They pronounce sidus, according to distinct, and by no means inconsistent with our orthography, seedus, and in the oblique each other. In our language the accent falls on cases preserve the same long sound of the i. the antepenultimate equally in the words liberty Nomen they pronounce as we do, and preserve, and library, yet, in the former, the tone only is in the oblique cases, the same long sound of the elevated, in the ļatter the syllable is also length0. The Italians also, in their own language, pro- ened. The same difference exists in báron, and nounce doubled consonants as distinctly as the bacon, in lével and lever. In words of two and two most discordant mutes of their alphabet. of three short syllables the difference between It is a matter of curiosity to observe with what the French and English pronunciation is strikregularity we use these solecisms in the pro- ing. The former make iambics and anapæsts, nunciation of Latin. When the penultimate the latter chorees and dactyls. The French say, is accented, its vowel, if followed but by a single fugis, fugimús; the English, fúgis, fugimus. consonant, is always long, as in Dr. Foster's In many instances both are equally faulty; thus examples. When the antepenultimate is ac- we shorten the long is in făvis, the plural of cented, its vowel is, without any regard to the făvus; they lengthen the short is in õris, the requisite quantity pronounced short, as in miră- genitive of os. Indeed both may be said to obbile, frigidus ; except the vowel of the penulo serve neither accent nor quantity. We have timate be followed by a vowel, and then the thus stated at length the manner in which anvowel of the antepenultimate is, with as little cient quantity is violated by the moderns, and regard to true quantity, pronounced long, as in more particularly by the English. maner, redeat, odium, imperium. Quantity is, Three methods present themselves to enable however, vitiated, to make i short, even in this us to preserve the prosodial quantity. 1st. To case, as in oblivio, vinea, virium. The only dif- allow every vowel its prescribed duration, withference we make in pronunciation between out altering the customary division of syllables ; vinea and venia, is, that to the vowel of the first as no-ta, lò-cus, &c.; but this will oblige us to syllable of the former, which ought to be long, throw the accent on the second syllable, as glowe give a short sound; to that of the latter, bus, contrary to the laconic canon of Sanctius: which ought to be short, we give the same sound, but lengthened. U, accented, is always, Exacuit sedem dissyllabon omne priorem.

• Accentum in se ipsa monosyllaba dictio ponit. before a single consonant, pronounced long, as

Ex tribus extollit primam penultima curta. in hūmerus, fūgiens. Before two consonants no

Extollit ipsam quando est penultima longa.' vowel sound is ever made long, except that of the diphthong au, so that, whenever a doubled This will very frequently occasion the followconsonant occurs, the preceding syllable is ing vowel to be long; as, tě-né-o, contrary to, short.'

• Vocalis ante alteram in eadem dictione ubique Mr. Pickbourn, the author of a Dissertation brevis est.' on the English Verb, justly observes (Monthly 2dly. If, then, we must abandon the preceding Magazine, No. 135), • That scholars err in method, we have the alternative left of unittheir pronunciation of, 1st, words of two syl- ing to the preceding vowel the succeeding conlables' having the first short, as eques; 2dly, sonant; as, not-a, loc-us. But still some diffiwords of three syllables having the first long culty occurs, for, first, this method would in and the second short, as sidera; 3dly, poly- many instances occasion pronunciations very syllables accented on the antepenultimate; as harsh to our customary prepossessions; as, grădjuvenilibus, interea, &c.; and, lastly, words end- us, căd-o, plic-o, stúp-e-o, bon-us, júb-e-o, těning in a long vowel, as domini, or in a long e-o, mån-e-o, nŭm-e-rus, trib-us, hon-os, făv.or, vowel and a single consonant, as dominis. These fút-u-rus, jŭg-um, fid-es, pět-o, tim-or, tim-e-o, errors arise in part from the want of distinguish- vid-e-o, ‘Homines tuentur illum glòb-um.' •Pering between the long and short powers of the tæsum est con-jŭg-ii, &c. But is this really an obvowels, and, in part from the indistinct and con- jection? Have not custom and long-established fused notion which we have of accent. For, usage the power of warping the mind, and givwhen it falls on a short syllable, we often maké ing it prejudices against that which in its unthat syllable long; and, when it falls on a long biassed state it would have adjudged to be agreeone, we sometimes make it short. Accent does able and elegant? This from innumerable incertainly affect quantity; that is, it makes the stances we are assured to be a fact. And we accented syllable a little longer than it would may very reasonably enquire, is all this harshbe without it. But its operation is never so ness of pronunciation of which we appear to be great as to make a short syllable become long, so sensible actually chargeable on the ancients ? nor does the privation of accent make a long Does it not arise rather from the mistaken ideas syllable become short ; for there are degrees of we have formed of the power of their vowels and time both in long and short syllables. All short consonants, which, if rectified, would render the syllables are not equally short; nor are all long harmony of pronunciation and prosodial quanones equally long.'

tity again consistent? In justice to this part of the subject we may E, in Latin, as well as Greek,' according to now offer a remark which we find in Dr. Valpy's Ainsworth, was pronounced E.' From the excellent Greek Grammar. He differs in some de- circumstance of their anciently writing TEI gree from Mr. Pickbourn, when he observes, 'that ATAEI TYXEI for rñ ayalñ ruxñ, it is to n the elevation of the voice does not lengthen the that he attributes the power of El. But since time of that syllable, so that accent and quantity it is ambiguous, and the attempt inconclusive, to

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explain the sound of one ancient vowel by an- nans U. Ferale idèn, quia refert feralem illam other, the most satisfactory and decisive method, avem.' This also explains the reason of the Laas far as it can be done, is to have recourse to tin word bėbulo expressing the cry of an owl. the more immutable sounds of nature.

Aristophanes has handed down to us the proThe learned authors of the Port Royal Greek nunciation of the Greek diphthong åv, av, by Grammar, in order to convey the sound of the making it expressive of the barking of a dog. long Greek vowel n, tell us • it is a sound be- This is what is exactly preserved by nurses and tween the e and a; and that Eustathius, who children to this day in bow, wow. This is the lived towards the close of the twelfth century, sound of the same letters in the Latin tongue, says that Bñ, Bñ, is a sound made in imitation not only in proper names derived from Greek, of the bleating of a sheep; to this purpose they but in every other word where this diphthong quote the following verse of an ancient writer, occurs. Most nations in Europe, perhaps all but Cratinus :

the English, pronounce audio and laudo, as if ‘00jdiblog wonep Tpòßarov, ßñ, Bň, deywv Badife.. written owdio and lowdo; the diphthong sound

like ou in loud.' Is fatuus perinde, ac ovis, bê, bê, dicens incedit.

Since the long u has been so fully proved to He, like a silly sheep, goes crying baa.'

have been equivocal to oo, which Dr. Carey In a similar manner the sound of the long i confirms, by considering it equivalent to the is preserved to us by the word pipio, which sig- Greek 8, and to the sounds in the Italian pur, nifies to pip like a chicken ; and, since their the French pour, and the English poor, we may note is nearly what we may express by pee-ep, suppose that the ancients pronounced lumen, the long power of that letter seems to have been according to our orthography, loomen, and alequivocal to our ee. Eustathius likewise re- lowed the power of the middle u, as in cube, to marks on the 499th verse of Iliad I. that the their short accented u, and that of ŭ, as in cub, word Βλόψ εστίν ο της κλεψύδρας ήχος μιμητικώς to their short unaccented u, i. e. when the accent κατά της παλαίες βή έχει μίμησιν προβάτων rested on the following consonant. Hence, inqwvns. Koorivos, i. e. Blo4, is, according to the stead of being compelled to divide núm'-er-us, ancients, an imitation of the sound of the clep- fút-u-rus, stŭp'-e-o, jūb'-e-o, so as to throw the sydra; et By imitates the bleating of sheep. The

accent on the latter consonant of the first syllaclepsydra was an instrument to measure time by ble, we may adopt a distribution more reconcilewater; and, it should be particularly observed, able, at least with our habits, and by placing the was occasionally employed to measure time for accent on the first vowel instead of the following the regulations of orators, and in other recita- consonant, may give the short oman accented u tions. Abstracting the o in Bloy from the effect the sound of u in tube, and pronounce nearly as of position before y, it will, as we shall deter- usual, nů'-me-rus, fu'-tu-rus, jú'-be-o, &c. Reinine hereafter, have the power of our o; and lative to jugum and conjugium, we here avail blops adequately imitates the noise of water run- ourselves of a remark from Dr. Carey. ing with intermissions out of a narrow-mouthed word, which in England we pronounce jugum, vessel; and, with the French pronunciation, is in reality yugum, as the Germans, in fact, at with equal propriety, is signified by the word this day, pronounce it. Of this, indeed, there is glouglou; but not quite so happily by us, by the little doubt, since lakwß was properly yakob, word guggle. Ainsworth seems to consider that and the Hebrew ', before a vowel, had the power the long sound of o was equal to 8. To deter- of y. Now by these remarks being warranted, mine this, it may be useful to quote the word first, to place the accent on the first vowel of the glócio, to cluck as a hen (from alwŚw), particu- root jè'-gum: secondly, to give the power of the larly since this word, amongst many others will middle u to the short Roman accented u; and prove an irrefragable proof that c, amongst the thirdly, that of y to į before a vowel, we may ancients, was equivocal to k, or hard, since avoid nearly all the harshness for which these glouk, glouk, is the sound produced by the hen words would otherwise have been notorious; as after the period of incubation. The sound of the yŭ'-gum, con-yú'-gium. The same unpleasantry long u is no less sincerely preserved by Plautus may be removed from glob'-us, since the long in Menæch. page 622, edit. Lambin, in making Roman o is considered to have been equal to e, use of it to imitate the cry of an owl :

which is more exactly represented by our au ; • 'Men. Egon' dedi ? Pen. Tu, Tu, istic, inquam

for hõra was probably pronounced haura, since vin' afferri noctuam,

it is borrowed from the Hebrew 18, aur, and Que tu, tu, usque dicat tibi ? nam nos jam nos de- aurora from ev, 718 (propitious light), or owraura. fessi sumus.'

Therefore the middle o, as in note, may be ceded here,

says Mr. Forster, in his De- to the short Roman accented o, and for glob-us, fence of the Greek accents, page 129, that an

we may, more agreeably, say glo'-bus., owl's cry was tu, tu, to a Roman ear; tou, tou, Many writers have undertaken to assign the to a French ; and too, too, to an English one.' syllables which constitute the seat of the accent, Lambin, who was a Frenchman, observes on the but few distinguish the accented vowel from the passage, “ Alludit ad noctuæ vocem tu, tu, seu accented consonant. And here, perhaps, the tou, tou.' On this Mr. Walker remarks, that the solution of the whole may be found. It is eviEnglish have totally departed from this sound of dent, that mi-les has the accent on the first syllathe u in their own language, as well as their pro- ble, and on the vowel of that syllable: hence it nunciation of Latin. Ausonius confirms this is easily preserved long. And, it is equally obpower of u : « Cecropiis ignota sonis, ferale 60- vious, that honorificus has the accent on the an

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