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'Twas a strange riddle of a lady;

The palliolum was like our vidinghoods, and served Not love, if any loved her: hey day!

both for a tunick and a coat.

Arbuthnot. So cowards never use their might,

Let your master ride on before, and do you gallop But against such as will not fight. Hudibras. after him.

Swift's Directions to the Groom. Riddle me this, and guess if you can,

The nobility could no longer endure to be ridden Who bears a nation in a single man? Dryden.

by bakers, cobblers, and brewers.

Swift. It was the maxim of a very wise prince, that he

RIDGE, n. s. 1 Sax. prig3; Dan. rig; Teut. who knows not how to dissemble, knows not how to Rip'oy, adj. ( rugge, the back. The top of reign :' and I desire that you would receive it as the back; any protuberance, or mound : to form mine, that he who knows not how to riddle, knows a ridge: rising in a ridge. not how to live.

Fitzosborne's Letters. Thou visitest the earth ; thou waterest the ridges RIDE, v. n. & v. a. ? Sax. ridan; Dan. thereof abundantly ; thou settlest the furrows


Psalm lxv. 10. Ri'der, n. s. I ride ; Swed. rida ; Goth. reida. To travel on horseback; or be drawn whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds,

As when a vulture on Imaus bred, by horses ; manage a horse; be borne in a ve- Dislodges from a region scarce of prey. Milton. hicle or vessel ; be supported by something sub

Part rise in crystal wall, or ridge direct, servient; to set on so as to be borne; to manage For haste.

Id. at will: a rider is the party carried, or who

Thou from heaven manages a horse.

Feign'dst at thy birth was given thee in thy hair, The horse and his rider hath he thrown into the Where strength can least abide, though all thy hairs, Exodus. Were bristles ranged-like those that ridge the back

Id. Am not I thine ass, upon which thou hast ridden? Of chafed wild boars, or ruffled porcupines.


He thought it was no time to stay ;
Skill to ride seems a science,

But in a trice advanced the knight
Proper to gentle blood ; some others feign

Upon the bare ridge bolt upright. Hudibras. To manage steeds, as did this vaunter ; but in vain.

About her coasts unruly waters soar,
And, rising in a ridge, insult the shore.

Dryden. The sea was grown so rough that the admiral was Far in the sea, against the foaming shore, not able longer to ride it out with his gallies ; but There stands a rock, the raging billows roar was enforced to slip his anchors, and run his gallies Above his head in storms; but, when 'tis clear, on ground.

Knolles. Uncurl their ridgy backs, and at his feet appear. Brutus and Cassius

Id. Are rid, like madmen, through the gates of Rome. The highest ridges of those mountains serve fo:

Shakspeare. the maintenance of cattle for the inhabitants of the Were you but riding forth to air yourself, vallies.

Ray. Such parting were too pretty:

Wheat must be sowed above furrow fourteen days Infected be the air whereon they ride. Id. before Michaelmas, and laid up in round high warm The horses 1 saw well chosen, ridden, and fur- ridges.

Mortimer. nished.


Ridge tiles or roof tiles, being in length thirteen On the western coast

inches, and made circular breadthways like an hali Rideth a puissant army,


cylinder, whose diameter is about ten inches or more, They were then in a place to be aided by their and about an inch and half a quarter in thickness, ships, which rode near in Edinburgh Frith.

are laid upon the upper part or ridge of the roof, Hayward. and also on the hips.

Moron. They ride the air in whirlwind.

Milton. The body is smooth on that end, and on this 'tis Waiting him his royal fleet did ride,

set with ridges round the point. Woodward. And willing winds to their low'r sails denied. Then holding the spectacles up to the court

Dryden. Your lordship observes they are made with a Men once walked where ships at anchor ride. Id.

straddle Inspired by love, whose business is to please, As wide as the ridge of the nose is ; in short, He rode, he fenced, he moved with graceful ease. Designed to sit close to it, just like a saddle. Id.

Cowper. Through storms of smoke and adverse fire he rides,

RID’ICULE, n. s. & v. a.

Fr. ridicule ; While ev'ry shot is levelled at his sides. South.


Lat. ridiculum. I would with jockies from Newmarket dine,

Ridic'ulous, adj.

Wit or banter that And to rough riders give my choicest wine.

Ridic'ULOUSLY, adv. provokes laugh-

ter :

a ridiculer, Upon this chaos rid the distressed ark, that bore the small remains of mankind.


one who ridicules : the adjective, adverb, and It is provided by another provincial constitution,

noun substantive corresponding. that no suffragan bishop shall have more than one Thus was the building left riding apparitor, and that archdeacons shall not have Ridiculous ; and the work confusion named. so much as one riding apparitor, but only a foot pas

Milton. senger.

Ayliffe's Parergon. What sport do Tertullian, Minucius, and ArnoThe strong camel and the gen'rous horse, bius make with the image consecrated to divine worRestrained and awed by man's inferior force, ship! from the meanness of the matter they are Do to the rider's will their rage submit,

made, the casualties of fire, and rottenness they are And answer to the spur, and own the bit. Prior, subject to, on purpose to represent the ridiculousness Humility does not make us servile or insensible of worshipping such things.

Stillingfleet. bor oblige us to be ridden at the pleasure of every I wish the vein of ridiculing all that is serious coxcomb.

Collier. and good may have no worse effect upon our state, pod housewives all the winter's rage despise, than knight errantry had on theirs. Temple. Defended by the ridinghood's disguise.

Epicurus's discourse concerning the original of



the world is so ridiculously merry, that the design patronised by Cranmer, archbishop of Canterof his philosophy was pleasure and not instruction. bury, who made him his domestic chaplain, and


presented him to the vicarage of Herne in east He often took a pleasure to appear ignorant, that Kent. In 1540, having commenced D.D., he he might the better turn to ridicule those that valued

was made king's chaplain, and elected master themselves on their books.

Addison. Sacred to ridicule his whole life long,

of his new college in Cambridge. Soon after And the sad burden of some merry song.


he was collated to a prebend in the church of Those, who aim at ridicule,

Canterbury; but was 'afterwards accused in the Should fix upon some certain rule,

bishop's court, by Bishop Gardiner, of preachWhich fairly hints they are in jest. Swift. ing against the doctrine of the six articles. The The ridiculer shall make only himself ridiculous. matter being referred to Cranmer, Ridley was

Eurl of Chesterfield. acquitted. In 1545 he was made a prebendary Riding on horseback. See HORSEMANSHIP. of Westminster Abbey; in 1547 he was pre

Riding, in geography. Yorkshire is divided sented by the fellows of Pembroke Hall to the into three ridings, viz. the east, west, and north living of Soham, in the diocese of Norwich; ridings. In all indictments in that county, and was consecrated bishop of Rochester. In both the town and riding must be expressed.

1540 he was translated to the see of London; Riding, in naval affairs, is the state of a ship's in which year he was one of the commissioners being retained in a particular station, by means for examining bishop Gardiner, and concurred of one or more cables with their anchors, which in his deprivation. In 1552, returning from are for this purpose sunk into the bottom of the Cambridge, he unfortunately paid a visit to the sea, &c., in order to prevent the vessel from princess, afterwards queen Mary; to whom, being driven at the mercy of the wind or cur- prompted by his zeal for reformation, he exrent. A rope is said to ride, when one of the pressed himself with too much freedom; and turns by which it is wound about the capstern or she was scarcely seated on the throne when windlass lies over another, so as to interrupt the Ridley was doomed a victim to her revenge. operation of heaving.

He was burnt alive with Latimer at Oxford, on Riding ATHWART, the position of a ship the 16th of October, 1555. He wrote, 1. A which lies across the direction of the wind and Treatise concerning Images in Churches. 2. A tide, when the former is so strong as to pre- Brief Declaration of the Lord's Supper. 3. vent her from falling into the current of the Certain Godly and Comfortable Conferences latter.

between Bishop Ridley and Mr. Hugh Latimer, RIDING BETWEEN THE WIND AND Tide, the during their Imprisonment. 4. A Comparison situation of a vessel at anchor, when the wind between the Comfortable Doctrine of the Gospel, and tide act upon her in direct opposition, in and the Traditions of the Popish Religion, and such a manner as to destroy the effort of each other works. other upon her hull; so that she is in a manner RIDLEY (Dr. Gloster), was of the same fabalanced between their reciprocal force, and mily with the bishop, and was born at sea in rides without the least strain on her cables. 1702, on board the Gloucester East Indiaman, When a ship does not labor heavily, or feel a educated at Winchester school, and thence elected great strain when anchored in an open road or to a fellowship of New College, Oxford, where bay, she is said to ride easy. On the contrary, he proceeded B.C. L. April 29th, 1729. Durwhen she pitches violently into the sea, so as to ing a vacancy, in 1728, he joined with Mr. Thostrain her cables, masts, or hull, it is called mas Fletcher (afterwards bishop of Kildare), riding hard, and the vessel is termed a bad Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Eyre, Mr. Morrison, and roader. A ship is rarely said to ride when she Mr. Jennens, in writing a tragedy called The is fastened at both the ends, as in a harbour or Fruitless Redress, each undertaking an act on a river, she being then 'moored.

plan previously concerted. When they deliRIDLEY (Nicholas), bishop of London, was vered in their several proportions, few readers descended of an ancient family, and born in the would have known that the whole was not the beginning of the sixteenth century, at Wilmont- production of a single hand. This tragedy, swick, in Northumberland. From the grammar which was offered to Mr. Wilks, but never acted, school at Newcastle-upon-Tyne he was sent to is still in MS. with another called Jugurtha. Pembroke Hall in Cambridge, in 1518, where Dr. Ridley in his youth was much addicted to he was supported by his uncle Dr. Robert Rid- theatrical performances. Midhurst, in Sussex, ley, fellow of Queen's College. In 1522 he was the place where they were exhibited; and took his degree of A. B.; two years after was the company of gentlemen actors to which he elected fellow, and in 1525 he commenced belonged consisted chiefly of his coadjutors in M. A. In 1527, having taken orders, he was the above tragedy. For a great part of his life sent by his uncle for further improvement tó he had no other preferment than the small colthe Sorbonne at Paris; thence he went to Lou- lege living of Westow in Norfolk, and the donavain, and continued abroad till 1529. On his tive of Poplar in Middlesex, where he resided. return to Cambridge he was chosen under trea- To these his college added the donative of Romsurer of the university; and, in 1533, was ford in Essex. In 1740 and 1741 he preached elected senior proctor. He afterwards proceeded Eight Sermons at Lady Moyer's Lecture, which B. D., and was chosen chaplain of the university, were published in 1742, 8vo. In 1763 he puborator, and magister glomeriæ. At this time he lished the Life of Bishop Ridley, in 4to., by was much admired as a preacher and disputant. subscription. In 1765 he published his Review He lost his uncle in 1536, but was soon after of Philip's Life of Cardinal Pole; ard in 1768,

in reward for his labors in this controversy, and Rome, he began to execute the functions of his in another which The Confessional produced, he office; and by affability, candor, assiduity, and was presented by archbishop Secker to a golden impartiality in the administration of justice, he prebend in the cathedral church of Salisbury. attained a high degree of popularity. But he He died in 1774, leaving a widow and four still continued his invectives against the vices of daughters.

the great; till at last he was severely repriRIE, n. s., or Rye, which see. An esculent manded and displaced. From this time it was grain, differing from wheat in having a flatter his constant endeavour to inspire the people spike, and the corn larger and more naked. with a fondness for their ancient liberties; for

August shall bear the form of a young man of a which purpose he caused to be hung up in the fierce aspect, apon his head a garland of wheat and most public places emblematic pictures, expresrie.


sive of the former splendor and present decline RIEGO (Raphael del), a modern Spanish of Rome, and to these he added frequent harpatriot, was of a noble family, in Asturias. He rangues upon the same subject. Having by entered early into the army, and served during these means collected a number of followers, he the invasion of Spain by Buonaparte. Being at last resolved to seize the supreme power. taken prisoner, the constitutional general Abis- «The 20th of May, being Whitsunday, he fixed bal on his liberation gave him a staff appoint- upon to sanctify his enterprise ; and asserted ment; and, when his chief betrayed the cause of that all he acted was by particular inspiration of independence, Riego retired from the service. the Holy Ghost. About nine he came out of In 1820 he proclaimed at the head of a batta- the church bare-headed, accompanied by the lion the Spanish constitution, and, traversing a pope's vicar, surrounded by 100 armed men. А large extent of country, shut himself up in a vast crowd followed him with acclamations. fortress with a small number of troops. Aware The conspirators carried three standards before however of the danger of delay, he sallied forth him, on which were wrought devices, intimating from the Isle of Leon with a few hundred fol- that his design was to reestablish liberty, justice, lowers, made his way through the forces that op- and peace. In this manner he proceeded directly Josed him, visited several large towns, fought to the Capitol, where he mounted the rostrum ; obstinately, lost the greater part of his troops, and expatiated on the miseries to which the Roand retired to the mountains. At last the pro- mans were reduced : telling them that the vinces ranged themselves under his banners, and happy hour of their deliverance was at length he was ultimately appointed a deputy to the come, and that he was to be their deliverer, reCortes of 1822, of which assembly he became gardless of the dangers to which he was exposed president, displaying in this arduous post both for the service of the Holy Father and the peoa firmness and a conciliatory spirit which did ple's safety.' After which he ordered the laws him honor. When Ferdinand refused to main- of what he called the good establishment to be tain the constitution, Riego again appeared in read; assured that the Romans would resolve arms to assert the liberty of his country; but to observe these laws, he engaged in a short time was taken prisoner after the surrender of Cadiz to reestablish them in their ancient grandeur.' to the French, and, being conveyed to Madrid, These laws promised plenty and security, and was executed as a traitor, October 7th, 1823. the humiliation of the nobility, who were deemed His widow sought refuge in England, and died common oppressors. Such laws could not fail at Chelsea, June 19th, 1824.

of being agreeable to the people, and enraptured RIENZI (Nicholas Gabrini de), was born at with the pleasing ideas of a liberty to which they Rome. Though his father was a vintner, and had long been strangers, and the hope of gain, his mother a laundress, they gave their son a they entered most zealously into the fanaticisms liberal education; and to a good natural under- of Rienzi. They resumed the authority of the standing he joined great assiduity, and made Romans; they declared him sovereign of Rome; considerable proficiency in ancient literature. and granted him the power of life and death, of He had a strong memory: and retained much rewards and punishments, of enacting and repealof Cicero, Valerius Maximus, Livy, the two Se- ing the laws, and treating with foreign powers ; necas, and Cæsar. He passed whole days in a word, they gave him full and supreme auamong the inscriptions in Rome, and soon was thority in all the territories of the Romans. esteemed a great antiquary. He also insi- Rienzi, arrived at the summit of his wisnes, prenuated himself into the favor of the adminis- tended to be very unwilling to accept of their tration, and was nominated one of the deputies offers, except upon two conditions : the first sent to pope Clement VI., who resided at Avig- that they should nominate the pope's vicar (the

The intention of this deputation was to bishop of Orvieto) his copartner; the second make Clement sensible how prejudicial his that the pope's consent should be granted. The absence was to the interest of Rome. While people granted his request, but paid all the hoemployed in this embassy he took the liberty to nors to him; the bishop appeared a mere shatell the pope that the grandees of Roine were dow, Rienzi was seated in his triumphal chaavowed robbers, thieves, adulterers, and profli- riot. He seized upon the palace, where he gates; who authorised the most horrid crimes. continued after he had turned out the senate; To them he attributed the desolation of Rome; and, the same day, he began to dictate his laws of which he drew so lively a picture that the from the Capitol. This election, though not pope, incensed against the Roman nobility, very pleasing to the pope, was ratified by him; inade Rienzi his apostolic notary, and sent him nevertheless, Rienzi, as he owed his elevation to back loaded withi favors. Having returned to the people, chose the title of tribune, as their magistrate. It was conferred on him and his great Sturmhaube of 5030, and the lesser Sturmcopartner, with the addition of deliverers of their haube nearly as much. From the top of the country. His behaviour in his elevation was at first, Breslau (distant seventy miles to the northfirst such as commanded esteem and respect, not east) and Prague (at nearly the same distance to only from the Romans, but from the neighbour- the south-west) are visible. The valleys are ing states. The troubles of a throne few but picturesque, and produce the finest Alpine princes can properly appreciate, and Rienzi soon plants, but are not well adapted to corn, and the found that his exalted station only rendered him inhabitants are miserably poor. a more easy mark for the shafts of envy and RIETI, an old town of Italy, in the States hatred, and of distrust. The pope conceived of the church, the capital of a delegation of the his designs to be contrary to the interests of the same name, and situated on the l'elino. It is holy see ; and the nobles conspired against him; not well built, but is the see of a bishop, and they succeeded, and Rienzi was forced to quit has, besides its cathedral, a number of churches an authority he had possessed little more than and convents. It has some manufactures of six months, and to make a precipitate flight. He woollens, and in the environs the culture of now went to Prague, to Charles king of the Ro- woad for dyeing is much followed. In 1785 mans, whom the year before he had summoned this town was much damaged by an earthquake. to his tribunal, and who, he foresaw, would de- Inhabitants 6500. Twenty-five miles S.S. E. liver him up to a pope highly incensed against of Spoleto, and thirty-seven N.N. E. of Rome. him. He was accordingly soon after sent to RIFE, adj. Saxon nyfe ; Belg. rijf; Avignon, and there thrown into prison, where he RIFEʻly, adv. Swed, ref. Prevalent; acontinued three years. The disturbances in Rife'Ness, n. s. ) bounding : the adverb and Italy, occasioned by the number of petty tyrants noun-substantive corresponding: used of epidethat had established themselves in the eccle- mical distempers. siastical territories, and even in Rome, occa- While those restless desires, in great men rife, siòned his enlargement. Innocent VI., who suc- To visit so low folks did much disdein, ceeded Clement, sensible that the Romans still This while, though poor, they in themselves did entertained an affection for Rienzi, thought him reign.


Sidney a proper instrument to assist him in reducing

Guyon closely did await these petty tyrants; and therefore not only gave Advantage ; whilst his foe did rage most rife ; him his liberty, but appointed him governor and Sometimes athwart, sometimes he strook him straight, senator of Rome. He met with many obstacles And falsed oft his blows.


Knolles. to the assumption of this newly granted autho

The plague was then rife in Hungary. rity; all which however he overcame. But

It was rifely reported that the Turks were coming in a great feet.

Id. History. giving way to his passions, which were immo

Blessings then are plentiful and rife, derately warm, and attempting to revenge him

More plentiful than hope.

Herbert. self on some of his former enemies, he excited

Space may produce new worlds; whereof so rife a general resentment against him, and he was There went à fame in heaven, that he ere long murdered, October 8th, 1354. • Such was the Intended to create.

Milton's Paradise Lasi. end of Nicholas Rienzi, one of the most renowned Before the plague of London, inflammations of the men of the age; who, after forming a conspi. lungs were rife and mortal. Arbuthnot on Air. racy apparently the most extravagant, and exe- He ascribes the great riteness of carbuncles in the cuting it in the sight of almost the whole world; summer, to the great heats.


Secure beneath the storm after causing plenty, justice, and liberty, to flourish among the Romans; after protecting where peace and love are cankered by the worn

Which in Ambition's lofty land is rife, potentates, and terrifying sovereign princes; Of pride, each bud of joy industrious to deform. after reestablishing the ancient majesty and power

Beattie, of the Roman republic, and filling all Europe with his fame during the seven months of his

RI'FLE, v. a. Fr. riffer; rifler; Belg. rifefirst reign; after having compelled his masters

Ri'fter, n. s. len; Swed. rifla. To rob; themselves to confirm him in the authority he pillage ; plunder ; take away. had usurped against their interests-fell at the Stand, Sir, and throw us what you have about end of his second, which lasted not four months, you; if not, we'll make you, Sii, and rifle you. a sacrifice to the nobility, whose ruin he had

Shakspeare. vowed, and to those vast projects which his Ransacked the centre, and with impious hands

Men, by his suggestion taught, death prevented bim from putting into exe- Rifled the bowels of their mother earth. cution.'

For treasures better hid. Milton's Paradise Lost. RIESENGEBIRGE, i. e. the Giants' Moun

You have rifled my master ; who shall maintain tains, a name under which is comprehended all me?

L'Estrange. that part of the great Sudetic chain which begins A commander in the parliament's rebel army rified on the borders of Lusatia, and separates Bohe- and defaced the cathedral at Litchfield. South. mia, and Moravia from Silesia, till it joins the Mine is thy daughter, priest, and shall remain, Carpathians. This term however is properly And prayers, and tears, and bribes shall plead in

vain, confined to that part of the range which lies between the sources of the Neisse and the Till time shall rifle every youthful grace. Pope. Bober; a track of no great length, but contain- Rifle, in military affairs, a kind of gun, ing the loftiest mountains of the north or central which has the inside of its barrel cut with from part of Germany, being almost every where three to nine or ten spiral grooves, so as to make about 3000 feet in height. Of these, the Schnee- it resemble a female screw, varying from a comberge has a height of 5270 English feet; the mon screw only in this, that its grooves or rities

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are less deflected, and approach more to a right smaller degree of friction than if the threads of line, it being usual for the grooves with which the rifles have not all of them the same degree the best rifled barrels are cut, to take about one of incurvation. The foreigners are so exact in whole turn in a length of thirty inches. The this respect that they try their pieces in the folnumber of these grooves differs according to the lowing manner :—They first pour melted lead size of the barrel and fancy of the workman; into them, and, letting it cool, they procure a and their depth and width are not regulated by leaden cylinder of perhaps two or three diameany invariable rule. There are also different ters in length, exactly fitted to one part of the methods of charging pieces of this kind, but the inside of the piece; then if this leaden cylinder, usual one is as follows :-After the powder is being gently pushed by the rammer, will pass put in, a leaden bullet, somewhat larger than the from one end of the barrel to the other, without bore of the gun, is taken, and it, having been any sensible strain or effort, they pronounce the well greased, is laid on the mouth of the piece, piece perfect ; but if it any where sticks, or moves and rammed down with an iron rammer. The hard, they esteem it defective. softness of the lead giving way to the violence RIFLEMEN, marksmen armed with rifles. with which the bullet is impelled, that zone of the They formed the most formidable enemies during bullet which is contiguous to the piece, varies the war in America, being posted along the its circular form, and acquires the shape of the American ranks, and behind hedges, &c., for the inside of the barrel, so that it becomes the part purpose of picking off the British officers; many of a male screw, exactly fitting the indents of the of whom fell by the rifle in our contest with rifle. And hence it happens that, when the that country. Most of these were hunters and piece is fired, the indented zone of the bullet back woodsmen, who could hit a dollar at eighty follows the sweep of the rifles, and thereby, be- paces, and were not therefore likely to miss their sides its progressive motion, acquires a circular aim. In the attack of New Orleans, a band of one round the axis of the barrel, which motion these men posted behind a breached redoubt will be continued to the bullet after its separa- rendered it perfectly impregnable. One of these tion from the piece ; by which means a bullet men having claimed the honor of killing a Bridischarged from a rifled barrel is constantly tish officer, another asserted that he himself had made to whirl round an axis which is coincident shot him in the breast. "I am sure I hit him in with the line of its flight.

the head,' replied the other, and on examination In Germany and Switzerland, an improvement he was found shot through both in the breast and is made in the above method, by cutting a piece head, though the British troops never approached of very thin leather in a circular shape, larger nearer the rampart than 150 yards. This has than the bore of the barrel. This circular piece been called murderous practice, and some perbeing greased on one side is laid upon the sons have questioned how far it ought to be admuzzle with its greasy side downwards, and the mitted in civilised warfare; but is not war itself bullet, being placed upon it, is then forced down a murderous practice? A citizen of Boston being the barrel with it: by which means the leather asked, after the affair at Lexington, 'how he encloses the lower half of the bullet, and by its dared to take aim at a British officer as he would interposition between the rifles, prevents the at a mad dog?' replied that, having made up lead from being cut by them. But in those bar- his mind to fight, he thought he had better take rels where this method is practised, the rifles are aim to prevent waste of time and ammunition.' generally shallow, and the bullet ought not to be Our infantry, on the contrary, never take aim, but, too large. The rifle-barrels, which have been like the heroes of Chalk Farm, generally fire over made in England, where they are not very com- their opponents' heads. The musket in such mon, are contrived to be charged at the breech, hands.' observes colonel James, ‘is by no means the piece being, for this purpose, made larger so formidable a weapon as the old English bow. there than in any other part. The powder and A brigade of rifles has indeed been added to our bullet are put in through the side of the barrel war establishment, but it is throughout the line by an opening, which, when the piece is loaded, that the system of firing is defective.' is filled

with a screw.
By this means, when

RIFT, n. s , v.a., &v.n. Goth. rift. From the piece is fired, the bullet is forced through the Rive. A cleft; breach; opening : to cleave; to rifles, and acquires the same spiral motion as in burst. the former kind of pieces ; but these are neither

He pluckt a bough, out of whose rift there come safe nor so certain as the others.

Small drops of gory

Spenser, To enable these pieces to be loaded with

She did confine thee greater expedition, it has been proposed to have Into a cloven pine, within which'rift the balls cast with projections to them, by mak- Imprisoned, thou didst painfully remain. ing corresponding hollows round the zone of the

Shakspeare, bullet-mould; by this means the balls may be

To the dread rattling thunder fitted so accurately to the rifles as to leave Have I given fire, and rifted Jove's stout oak

With his own bolt.

Id. Tempest. scarcely any windage ; while the friction will be

I'd shriek, that even your ears less than it is either when the ball is put in at the

Should rift to hear me. Id. Winter's Tale. breech, or forced in at the muzzle. And, to render

In St. James's fields is a conduit of brick, unto them in this respect still more complete, the which joineth a low vault ; at the end of that is a sweep of the rifles should be in each part exactly round house, with a small slit or rift ; and in the parallel to each other; for then, after the bullet conduit a window : if you cry out in the rift, it is once put in motion, it will slide out of the makes a fearful roaring at the window. Bacon. barrel without any shake, and with a much Some trees are best for ship-timber, as oaks that

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