« EelmineJätka »
grow in moist grounds ; for that maketh the timber for communication with the interior. tough, and not apt to rift with ordnance.
average number of vessels arriving yearly Bacon's Natural History. at Riga, is between 700 and 800; the comEither tropick
puted value of the exports £1,000,000 ster'Gan thunder, and both ends of heaven; the clouds ling, of which fully the half are sent to British From many a horrid rift abortive poured
ports. The manufactures are insignificant, Fierce rain, with lightning mixt.
Milton. At sight of him the people with a shout
being confined to starch, “sugar, and small artiRifted the air.
cles. The imports, if not equal in value to the Some pick out bullets from the vessels' sides, exports, are more varied, comprising groceries, Some drive old oakum through each seam and rift.
printed cottons, woollens, silk, and wine, bay
Dryden. salt and fish. Bay salt, imported chietiy from On rifted rocks, the dragon's late abodes, Spain, is sent up the Dwina. In respect to reliThe green reed trembles., Pope's Messiah.
gion, the majority are Lutherans, or members of · RIG, v. a.
> From rig or ridge, the back. the Greek church. There is here a lyceum or RigʻGING, n. s. $ To dress; accoutre; fit with academy; a high school, with a provision for tackle : the tackle of a ship: cloaths are pro- maintaining and educating poor children ; a verbially said to be for the back, and victuals public library, a cabinet of natural history, and for the belly.' Johnson.
a literary society, all recently formed. Riga has My minde for Egypt stoode ;
suffered much both by fire and sieges. When nine faire ships I rigged forth for the flood.
The Gulf of Riga is a considerable bay of the
Chapman. Baltic, between Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia.
RIGALTIUS (Nicolas), an ingenious French To make fit rigging, or to build a ship. Creech. author, the son of a physician, born in Paris,
He, like a foolish pilot, hath shipwrecked 1577. He was educated among the Jesuits. My vessel gloriously rigged. Milion's Agonistes. His first work, Funus Parasiticum, printed in His battered rigging their whole war receives,
1596, procured him the friendship of 'Th in All bare, like some old oak with tempests beat,
who, when he died in 1617, appointed him a Ile stands, and sees below his scattered leaves.
tutor to his children. He was appointed to arJack was rigged out in his gold and silver lace, range the royal library along with Isaac Casauwith a feather in his cap; and a pretty figure he made bon, whom he succeeded as librarian. He was in the world.
next made procureur-general of the supreme The sinner shall set forth like a ship launched court of Nancy, counsellor of the parliament of into the wide sea, not only well built and rigged; Metz, and intendant of that province. He wrote but also carried on with full wind.
many learned works, but is chiefly valued for He rigged out another small fleet, and the Achæans his critical notes upon Cyprian and Tertullian. engaged him with theirs.
Arbuthnot. He died in 1654. RIGA, the capital of Livonia, European Rus- RIGAUD (Hyacinth), an eminent French sia, is situated in a large plain on the Dwina or painter, born at Perpignan, in 1663, and geneDúna, nine miles from the sea. It was, in a com- rally called the Vandyck of France. He was mercial sense, the second city of Russia, until the director of the Academy of Paintings, and died rapid increase of Odessa. The port is both spacious in 1743. and safe ; and the town stands on the right, the su- RIGBY (Richard), esq., an eminent political burbs on the left bank of the river. Without being a charact born about 1722. His father was a regular fortress, Riga has considerable strength: woollen-draper in London; and having been the entrance of the river is guarded by the fortress appointed factor of the South Sea Company, unof Dunamunde. The principal public buildings der the assiento contract with Spain, had accuare the town-house, exchange, house of assembly mulated a fortune, and purchased the estate of for the states of Livonia, the arsenal, the hospi- Mistley Hall in Essex, worth £1100 a-year. tal of St. George, and the Catharinenhof. The Dying, in 1730, he was succeeded by bis only church of St. Peter is remarkable for its fine son, Richard ; who, on becoming of age, was retower. The Baltic being frozen during winter, turned for Sudbury, after a most expensive vessels are laid up in dock here during several election, and was soon courted by both parties months. The Dwina is crossed by a bridge of in parliament. He became attached to the duke pontoons, which rise and fall with the tide. Its of Bedford, who, being appointed lord lieubreadth is forty feet, but its length less than 2606 tenant of Ireland, took Mr. Rigby with him as feet, forming in summer a fashionable promenade. his secretary. Under the duke's administration, At the beginning of winter the pontoons are re- the affairs of Ireland were managed so much to moved, and the piles being raised by the frost, are the satisfaction of the king, that he appointed drawn on shore where they remain till spring, the Rigby to the lucrative sinecure place of master river being, during this interval, passed on the ice. of the rolls. The duke, at his death, left him The shipping in the river indicates great activity. one of his executors, with a large legacy. On The export trade is chiefly managed by English the 20th of April, 1763, Mr. Rigby was made and Scotch houses, whose principal articles of a privy counsellor of Great Britain, under the comnierce are timber, flax, hemp, and corn. The duke of Grafton. On the 6th January, 1768, majority of the inhabitants are Germans and he was appointed one of the vice-treasurers of Livonians, the Russians being comparatively Ireland, a sinecure of £3000 a-year, but this he few. Canals are the grand desiderata of Russian soon resigned for the office of paymaster-general sea-ports, and a new one is now excavating here of the forces, a place worth $16,000 a-year,
which he held from June 14th, 1768, till March But still although we fail in perfect rightfulness,
Sidney. tion of lord North's administration put an end
Nor would, for gold or fee also io Mr. Rigby's political existence.
He avoided farther interference with all parties, but
Be won, their rightful causes down to tread.
Spenser. this did not prevent his being called upon by
The scripture, ascribing to the persons of men both to give an account of his administration of righteousness, in regard of their manifold virtues, the public money.
Mr. Rigby compromised may not be construed, as though it did thereby clear matters, and paid £10,000 for the interest of the them from all faults.
Hooker. unsettled balance, a circumstance totally without The proud tyrant would many times say, that precedent. He died April 6th, 1788, leaving whatsoever belonged unto the empire of Rome, only one natural daughter.
was of right his, for as much as he was possessed RIGGING OF A Susp, a general name given to of the imperial scepter, which his great grandfather all the ropes employed to support the masts, and · Mahomei had by law of arms won from Constantine.
Knolles. to extend or reduce the sails, or arrange them to the disposition of the wind. The former, which Therefore, still bear the balance and the sword.
You are right, justice, and you weigh this well; are used to sustain the masts, remain usually in
Shakspeare. a fixed position, and are called standing rigging ;
The citizens, such are the shrouds, stays, and back-stays. Let them but have their rights, are ever forward The latter, whose office is to manage the sails, by In celebration of this day with shews.
Id. communicating with various blocks or pulleys
How will this grieve you, situated in different places of the masts, yards, When you shall come to clearer knowledge, that shrouds, &c., are comprehended in the general You thus have published me! gentle, my lord,
Id. term of running rigging ; such are the braces,
You scarce can right me thoroughly.
Right noble princes,
I cannot joy, until I be resolved
Where our right valiant is become. Id. a whore. Johnson. Wanton: whorish.
Some will mourn in asbes, some coal black,
RIGHT, adj., adv., interj., n. s.,? Sax. rigt; Let my jealousies be your dishonour ;
The Roman citizens were, by the sword, taught to RIGHTFUL, adj.
acknowledge the pope their lord, though they knew
not by what right. Fit;proper;
Ruleigh. RIGHTFULLY, adv.
Insects have voluntary motion, and therefore imaRIGHTFULNESS, n. s.
just; true; gination ; for ants go right forward to their hills, RIGHT’LY, adv.
and bees know the way from a flowery heath to their RIGHT'NESS, n. s. j preferred hives.
Bacon. (hence the right hand'); convenient: as an ad- Persons of noble blood are less envied in their verb, direct; according to rule; in a great de rising ; for it seemeth but right done to their birth.
Id. gree: as a noun-substantive, justice; truth; correctness; just claim; interest; property; im- . Sounds move strongest in a right line, which nemunity: 'to rights' is, to a right or proper po- vertheless is not caused by the rightness of the line, sition: to right, to do justice to: righteous, just; but by the shortness of the distance.
Id. Natural History. honest; equitable: the adverb and noun-sub
When I had climbed a height stantive corresponding : rightful, having the right
Rough and right hardly accessible ; I might or a just claim : the adverb and noun-substantive
Behold from Circe's house, that in a grove corresponding: rightly, according to right or to
Set thicke with trees stood, a bright vapour move. justice; exactly: rightness corresponding.
Chapman. And he took hym by the righthond and heuyde
The senate will smart deep
Wiclif. Dedis. 3. For your upbraidings : I should be right sorry That be far from thee, to slay the righteous with To have the means so to be venged on you, the wicked ; and that the righteous should be as the As I shall shortly on them.
Ben Jonson. wicked.
Genesis. I mention the right honourable Thomas Howard,
Peacham on Drawing.
Taylor. sand at thy right hand ; but it shall not come nigh Their only thoughts and hope was to defend their thee.
Id. xci. 7. own rights and liberties, due to them by the law. Ye shall be driven out right forth, and none shall
Clarendon. gather up him that wandereth. Jeremiah xlix. 5.
On his right
This way, right down to Paradise descend. Id. cases, the right of succession could not have been One rising, eminent certainly determined.
Id. In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong, The idea of a right lined triangle necessarily carOf justice, of religion, truth, and peace,
ries with it an equality of its angles to two right ones. And judgment from above. Id. Paradise Lost.
Id. Subdue by force, all who refuse
A man can never have so certain a knowledge, Right reason for their law; and for their king that a proposition which contradicts the clear princiMessiah, who by right of merit reigns. Milton. ples of his own knowledge, was divinely revealed, Each of his reign allotted, rightlier called
or that he understands the words rightly, wherein it Pow'rs of fire, air, water, and earth beneath.
Id. is delivered ; as he has, that the contrary is true. Descend from heaven, Urania ! by that name
Id. If rightly thou art called. Id, Paradise Lost. Good men often suffer, and that even for the sake Right many a widow his keen blade,
Nelson. And many fatherless hath made. Hudibras. It is not necessary for a man to be assured of the It is not with certainty to be received concerning righteousness of his conscience, by such an infallible the right and left hand, that men naturally make certainty of persuasion as amounts to the clearness of use of the right, and that the use of the other is a a demonstration ; but it is sufficient if he knows it digression.
Browne. upon grounds of such a probability as shall exclude You, with strict discipline instructed right, all rational grounds of doubting:
South. Have learned to use your arms before you fight. Agrippa is severally ranged in sets of medals
Roscommon. among the emperors ; as some among the empresses I could not expedient see, have no other right.
Addison. On this side death, to right our family. Waller.
Seldom your opinions err; God hath a sovereign right over us, as we are his Your eyes are always in the right. Prior. creatures, and by virtue of this right, he might, Gather all the smiling hours ; without injustice, have imposed difficult tasks : but Such as with friendly care have guarded in making laws, he hath not made use of this right. Patriots and kings in rightful wars.
Id. Tillotson. We invade the rights of our neighbours, not upon Some seeking unto courts, and judicial endeavours account of covetousness, but of dominion, that we to right ourselves, are still innocent. Kettleworth. may create dependencies.
Collier on Pride Our calendar wants to be reformed, and the equi- These strata failing, the whole tract sinks down to nox rightly computed ; and, being once reformed and rights in the abyss, and is swallowed up by it. set right, it may be kept so, by omitting the additional
Il'oodward. day at the end of every hundred and thirty-four Like brute beasts, we travel with the herd, and years.
Holder on Time. are never so solicitous (for the rightness of the way, The custom of employing these great persons in
as for the number or figure of our company. all great offices passes for a right. Temple.
Rogers's Sermons. The left foot naked, when they march to fight, A time there will be, when all these unequal disBut in a bull's raw hide they sheathe the right. tributions of good and evil shall be set right, and the
Dryden. wisdom of all his transactions made as clear as the Take heed you steer your vessel right, my son, noon-day.
Atterbury. This calm of heaven, this mermaid's melody,
Right, cries his lordship, for a rogue in need Into an unseen whirlpool draws you fast,
To have a taste is insolence indeed ; And in a moment sinks you.
Id. In me 'tis noble, suits by birth and state. Pope. The pris’ner freed himself by nature's laws,
Is this a bridal or a friendly feast? Born free, he sought his right.
Id. Of whom their deeds I rightlier may divine, Make my father known,
Inseemly flown with insolence or wine. Id. To right my honour, and redeem your own. Id. If my present and past experience do exactly coinKill my rival too, for he no less
cide, I shall then be disposed to think them both Deserves; and I thy righteous doom will bless. Id. right.
Beattie. Here wretched Phlegias warns the world with Rights, Bill of, in law, is a declaration cries,
delivered by the lords and commons to the Could warning make the world more just or wise ;
prince and princess of Orange, 13th of February Learn righteonsness, and dread the' avenging deities.
1688; and afterwards enacted in parliament, Id.
when they became king and queen. It sets My right to it appears, By long possession of eight hundred years. Id.
forth that king James did, by the advice of Descriptions, figures, and fables, must be in all divers evil counsellors, endeavour to subvert the heroick poems ; every poet hath as much right to laws and liberties of this kingdom, by exercisirg them, as every man hath to air.
Id. a power of dispensing with and suspending of Henry, who claimed by succession, was sensible laws; by levying money for the use of the that his title was not found, but was rightfully in crown, by pretence of prerogative, without the Mortimer, who had married the heir of York. consent of parliament; by prosecuting those who
Id. Preface to Fables.
petitioned the kirg, and discouraging petitions ; Should I grant, thou didst not rightly see ; by raising and keeping a standing army in time Then thou wert first deceived.
Diyd:n. Might and right are inseparable in the opinion of members to serve in parliament; by violent pro
of peace; by violating the freedom of election of the world.
To understand political power right, and derive it secutions in the court of king's bench, and from its original, we must consider what state all causing partial and corrupt jurors to be returned men are naturally in, and that is a state of perfect on trials, excessive bail to be taken, excessive freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their fines to be imposed, and cruel punishments to possessions and persons.
be inflicted; all of which we declared to be There being no law of nature, nor positive law of illegal. And the declaration concludes in these God, that determines which is the right heir in all remarkable words; and they do claim, demard,
and insist upon, all and singular the premises, regal used in Germany, and other parts of as their undoubted rights and liberties.' And Europe, it appears to consist of pipes and keys the act of parliament itself (1 W. & M. stat. on one side, and the bellows and wind chest on 2 cap. 2), recognizes all and singular the rights the other. Lord Verulam distinguishes between and liberties asserted and claimed in the said the regal and the organ, in a manner which declaration to be the true, ancient, indubitable shows them to be instruments of the same class. rights of the people of this kingdom.'
Upon the whole, there is reason to conclude RIGʻID, adj.
that the regall or rigoll was a pneumatic and not Fr. rigide ; Lat: rigidus. a stringed instrument Marsennus relates that RIGID'ITY, n. S. Stiff; inflexible; unpliant; the Flemings invented an instrument, les regales RIGʻldly, adv. severe; cruel; the noun
de bois, consisting of seventeen cylindrical RIGʻIDNESS, n. s. substantives and adverb
pieces of wood, decreasing gradually in length, corresponding
so as to produce a succession of tones and semiThis severe observation of nature, by the one in tones in the diatonic series, which had keys, and her commonest, and by the other in her absolutest
was played on as a spinet; the hint of which, he forms, must needs produce in both a kind of rigidity, says, was taken from an instrument in use and consequently more naturalness than graceful.
among the Turks, consisting of twelve wooden
cylinders, of different lengths, strung together, His severe judgment giving law, His modest fancy kept in awe ;
which being suspended and struck with a stick, As rigid husbands jealous are,
having a ball at the end, produced music.--HawWhen they believe their wives too fair. Denham.
kins's Hist. Mus. vol. ii. p. 449.
RIGʻOR, n. s. Lat. rigor. Cold; stiffQueen of this universe! do not believe
Rig'orous, adj. ness; straitness; grimly ; Those rigid threats of death ; ye shall not die.
Rigʻorously, adv. S applied to the cold fit of
some diseases ; rage: the adjective and adverb A body that is hollow may be demonstrated to be more rigid and inflexible than a solid one of the
corresponding same substance and weight. Ray on the Creation. He at his foe with furious rigour smites, Cressy plains
That strongest oak might seem to overthrow ; And Agincourt, deep tinged with blood, confess
The stroke upon his shield so heavy lights What the Şilures vigour unwithstood
That to the ground it doubleth him full low. Could do in rigid fight. Philips.
Spenser. Rigidity is said of the solids of the body, when, certain profitable ordinances sometimes be released,
It may not seem hard, if in cases of necessity being stiff or impliable, they caņnot readily perform rather than all men always strictly bound to the getheir respective offices ; but a fibre is said to be rigid neral rigour thereof.
Hooker. when its parts so strongly cohere together, as not to
He shall be thrown down the Tarpeian rock yield to that action of the fluids, which ought to overcome their resistance in order to the preservation And therefore law shall scorn him further trial
With rigorous hands; he hath resisted law, of health.
Than the severity of public power. Shakspeare. RIGʻLET, n. s. fr. regulet, of Lat. regula. A
Driven by the necessities of the times and the flat thin square piece of wood, used by printers temper of the people, more than led by his own disand others.
position to any height and rigour of actions, The pieces that are intended to make the frames
King Charles. for pictures, before they are moulded, are called Nature has got the victory over passion, all his riglets.
Мохоп. rigour is turned to grief and pity. Denhum's Sophy.
Heat and cold are not, according to philosophical RIGʻOL, n. s. [perhaps a corruption of Rin- rigour, the efficients ; but are names expressing our GLE). A circle. Used in Shakspeare for a dia- passions.
He resumed his rigours, esteeming his calamity This sleep is sound ; this is a sleep,
such a one as should not be outlived, but that it beThat, from his golden rigol, hath divorced
came men to be martyrs to.
Fell. So many English kings. Shakspeare. Henry IV.
The rest his look
Lest they faint strument, consisting of several sticks bound
At the sad sentence rigorously urged, together, only separated by beads, and struck
For I behold them softened, and with tears, with a ball at the end of a stick. Such is the
Bewailing their excess, all terror hide. Id. account which Grassineau gives of this instru- The stones the rigour of their kind expel, ment. Skinner, upon the authority of an old And supple into softness as they fell. Dryden. English dictionary, represents it as a clavichord; Does not looseness of life, and want of a due sopossibly founding his opinion on the nature of briety in some, drive others into rigours that are unthe office of the tuner of the regals. Sir Henry necessary?
Sprut. Spelman derives the word rigoll from the Italian The base degenerate age requires rigabello, a musical instrument, anciently used Severity and justice in its rigour : in churches instead of the organ. Walther, in This awes an impious bold offending world.
Addison. his description of the regal, makes it to be a
Are these terms hard and rigorous, beyond our careed-work in an organ, with metal and also
pacities to perform?
Rogers's Sermons. wooden pipes and bellows adapted to it. He
Rigors, chillness, and a fever, attend every such adds that the name of it is supposed to be
Blackmore. owing to its having been presented by the in- Rigour makes it difficult for sliding virtue to recoventor to some king. From an account of the
RILL, 1. s. & v. a.) Lat. rivulus. A sinall of beautiful marble. In the principal square
Rill'et, n. s. brook; a streamlet : to is a marble fountain, with a statue of pope Paul run in small streams.
V., and in the middle of the market place a The' industrious muse thus labours to relate, pedestal, from which tradition says that Cæsar Those rillets that attend proud Tamer and her state. harangued his army.
Drayten. The cathedral and several churches of Rimini A creeke of Ose, between two hills, delivering a are ornamented with marble, procured from the little fresh rillet into the sea.
Carew. ruins of the old harbour. That of St. Francis, a May thy brimmed waves from this
fine edifice of the fifteenth century, has a profuTheir full tribute never miss,
sion of sculptures, statues, and bas reliefs. RiFrom a thousand petty rills, That tumble down the snowy hills. Milton.
mini contains several valuable remains of Roman
architecture. At the entrance of the town, on Io! Apollo, mighty king, let envy. Ill-judging and verbose, from Lethe's lake,
the side of Pesaro, stands a triumphal arch of Draw tuns immeasurable ; while thy favour Augustus, adorned with Corinthian columns, Administers to my ambitious thirst
from which a broad street extends to an elegant The wholesome draught from Aganippe's spring bridge over the Marecchia, begun by Augustus, Genuine, and with soft murmurs gently rilling and completed by Tiberius. It is 220 feet in Adown the mountains where thy daughters haunt. length, and consists of five arches of white stone
or marble, found in the neighbourhood. lis On every thorn delightful wisdom grows,
execution is remarkably solid and elegant. RiIn every rill a sweet instruction flows ;
mini was called Ariminum from the river ArimiBut some, untaught, o'erhear the whispering rill,
nus, which washed its walls, and formed at one In spite of sacred leisure blockheads still. Young, There, as meek Evening wakes her temperate its chief pursuit is supplying the interior with
time a small independent republic. At present breeze, And moon-beams gliminer through the trembling fish. It is the see of a bishop. Twenty-eight trees,
miles S. S. E. of Ravenna, fifty north-west of The rills that gurgle round shall sooth her ear, Ancona, and 150 north of Rome. The weeping rocks shall number tear for tear.
RIMʻPLE, or Rumple, v.a. To pucker ;
Darwin. contract into folds. See CRUMPLE and RuuRIM, n. s. Sax. rima; Teut. rem. A bor- PLE. der; margin; boundary.
The skin was tender, also rimpled and blistered.
lisema. We may not athrm that ruptures are confinable unto one side, as the peritoneum or rim of the belly RIND, n. s. & v. n. Sax. rind; Belg. and may be broke ; or its perforations relaxed in either. Teut. rinde. Bark; husk : to bark; peel. Browne's Vulgar Errours.
Therewith a piteous yelling voice was heard, The drum-maker uses it for rimbs. Mortimer.
Crying. O spare with guilty hands to tear It keeps off the same thickness near its centre; Mỹ tender sides in this rough rind embar'd. while its figure is capable of variation towards the
Grew. Within the infant rind of this small flower RIME, n. s. Sax. þrim. Hoar frost: also Poison hath residence, and medicine power. of Goth. rimma, a hole; cbink.
Shukspeare. Breathing upon a glass giveth a dew ; and in rime
Thou can'st not touch the freedom of this mind frosts you shall find drops of dew upon the inside of With all thy charms, although this corporal rind glass windows.
Milten, The air is now cold, hot, dry, or moist; and then drawn out of the water, till their rind have been
These plants are neither red nor polished, sheo thin, thick, foggy, rimy, or poisonous. Harvey.
taken off. Though birds have no epiglottis, yet can they con
Boyle. tract the rime or chink of their larinx, so as to pre
This monument thy maiden beauty's due, vent the admission of wet or dry indigested.
High on a plane-tree shall be hung to view;
On the smooth rind the passenger shall see
Thy name engraved, and worship Helen's tree. gular prisms piled without any order one over ano
RING, v. 0., v. N., & n. s. ? Sax. pringan; RIMINALDI (Orazio), an eminent historical Ring'er, n. s. painter, born at Pisa in 1598. His chief paint- ringen. To strike a bell or other sonorous body, ings are Samson destroying the Philistines, the
so as to produce sound; to sound in this way; Brazen Serpent, and the Assumption of the
to practise ringing with bells ; resound ; tinVirgin. He died in 1638.
kle; be filled with a report: a number of tuned RIMINI, the ancient Ariminum, a large town bells; the sound of them; any loud sound. of the Ecclesiastical States, Italy, situated on Ring the alarum bell. Shakspeare, Macbet. the Marecchia, near its embouchure. It had
Ere to black Hecat's summons formerly a good harbour; but the sea has now
The shard-born beetle, with his drowsy hums, retired to the distance of a mile and a half; and
Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done the town is surrounded by a plain, opening on
A deed of dreadful noie.
Shakspeure. the one side to the Adriatic, and bounded on the
Hercules, missing his page, called him by his
Bacan. other by a range of hills, which terminate in the
name aloud, that all the shore rang of it.
Stop the holes of a hawk's bell, it will make lo great chain of the Appennines. It communi
ring, but a llat noise or rattle. cates with the sea by means of a canal which is almost choked at the mouth. Its streets are straight,
The king, full of confidence, as he had been vic
torious in and had prevailed with his parliaand contain several churches and family mansions ment, and had the ring of acclamations fresh in his
} IsiShringa; Bels