The Geographical Distribution of Animals: With a Study of the Relations of Living and Extinct Faunas as Elucidating the Past Changes of the Earth's Surface, 2. köide
Macmillan and Company, 1876
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9 sp abundant affinities allied animals Antilles Arctic Asia Australian region belong birds Bolivia Borneo Brazil California Canada Celebes Central America Ceylon characteristic Chili coast Columbia confined Cosmopolite Costa Rica Cuba Distribution.—The East Eastern Ecuador Eocene Ethiopian Ethiopian Oriental Australian Ethiopian region Ethiopian Sub-regions extending extinct fauna fresh-water fishes genera genus globe Guatemala Guiana Guinea Hayti Hemisphere Himalayas India inhabits insects Jamaica Japan Java Madagascar Malay Mammalia Marine fishes Mexico Mexico and Guatemala Miocene Moluccas Mountains Nearctic Nearctic region Nearctic Sub-regions Neotropical region Neotropical Sub-regions northern number of species occur Ocean Old World Oriental region Oriental Sub-regions Pacific Palaearctic Palaearctic region Paraguay Patagonia peculiar genera Peru Plata Plate Pliocene possesses range remarkable seas single species South America South Europe South Temperate Southern Sub-family Sumatra Tasmania Tertiary Tropical America Tropical and South tropical regions Tropical South America universally distributed Venezuela West Africa West Indian islands widely Zealand
Page 362 - ... so completely intermediate between the anserine birds on the one side, and the storks and herons on the other, that it can be ranged with neither of these groups, but must stand as the type of a division by itself.
Page 5 - Richness combined with isolation is the predominant feature of Neotropical zoology, and no other region can approach it in the number of . its peculiar family and generic types.
Page 219 - ... elk. Erasmus Stella describes the elk as existing in Prussia in the early part of the sixteenth century (' De Borussiae antiquitatibus,' in Novus Orbis regionum ac insularum veteribus incognitarum (Paris, 1532), p. 507 [wrongly numbered 497] sq.) The elk or moose deer still ranges over the whole of Northern Europe and Asia as far south as East Prussia, the Caucasus, and North China. It was once common in the forests of Germany and France, and is still found in some parts of Norway and Sweden,...
Page 190 - Condylura (1 species), the star-nosed mole, inhabits Eastern North America from Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania; Scapanus (2 species) ranges across from New York to St.
Page 345 - It is a large, brown, long-legged, weakly-formed and loosely-crested bird, having such anomalies of structure that it is impossible to class it along with any other family. It is one of those survivors, which tell us of extinct groups, of whose past existence we should otherwise, perhaps, remain for ever ignorant.
Page 342 - ... Philippines (where indeed they were first discovered by Europeans), Labuan, and even the Nicobars — though none is known from the intervening islands of Borneo, Java or Sumatra. Within what may be deemed their proper area they are found, says AR Wallace (Ceogr. Distr. Anitnals, ii. 341), " on the smallest islands and sandbanks, and can evidently pass over a few miles of sea with ease.
Page 370 - ... and perhaps the main one — in bringing about the extinction of many of the larger species of these wingless birds. The wide distribution of the Struthiones may, as we have already suggested (VoL I., p. 287.), be best explained, by supposing them to represent a very ancient type of bird, developed at a time when the more specialized carnivorous mammalia had not come into existence, and preserved only in those areas which were long free from the incursions of such dangerous enemies.
Page 386 - ... before we reach the Arctic Circle — we cannot expect the two Northern regions to exhibit any great variety or peculiarity. Yet in their warmer portions they are tolerably rich; for, of the 25 families of snakes, 6 are found in the Nearctic region, 10 in the...
Page 553 - Some of these coincident variations have been alluded to in various parts of this work, but they have never been systematically investigated. They constitute an unworked mine of wealth for the enterprising ' explorer ; and they may not improbably lead to the discovery of some of the hidden laws (supplementary to Natural Selection), which seem to be required, in order to account for many of the external characteristics of animals.