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Salvia, Mr, on birds of Galapagos, 11. 30
Sambiu, It. 496

Samoa Islands, birds of, i. MS
Sand-grouse, Pallas', of Mongolia, i. 228

11. 337
Sand-lizards, 11. 888
Sandpipers, ii. 353
Sandwich Islands, birds of, 1. 445
probable past history of, i. 446
mountain plants of, 1. 446
depth of ocean around, i. 447
Sonrinia, iL 381 •
Stpcrda, iL 501
Sapphirrmia, ii. 109
Sartodaca, IL 445
Sarmphilvl, 11. 248
HARCORHAMPHIN-E, ii. 346
Sarcorhamphv*, ii. 346
Santa, 11. 427
SorWrfiornii, ii. 363
Sanylossn, ii. 'JS8
SaroOitrodon, ii. 438
Stuia, 11. 303
Satanoperca, 11. 439
SATYRID-E. ii. 471

Satyrtta Reymtii, European Cretaceous in-
sect, i. 167
SatyntM, ii. 471
Smtferollia, IL 109
Saunders, Mr. Edward, on the Buprestidie of

Japan, 1. 229
SavnaUt, IL 210
Sauropau, 11. 392
SaurotAera, II. 309
Saxicota, ii. 260
ScuUxiUna, ii. 257
Sayornis, 11. 100, 291
Scallops, ii. 533
Scalopt, ii. 190
Scapanui, 11. 190
Scapaiopits, ii. 417
SoaphiTkynchut, IL 459
ScaptocAinu, ii. 190
Scaptonyx, ii. 190
ScamphiUts, il. 490
SeardafiUa, IL 333
ScaHUs, il. 489

Sctlulothtrium, in Brazilian cares, i. 145
S. American Pliocene, L 147
il. 245
Scdodontu, 11. 490 *

Sceloponu, il. 401
Sotlota, ii. 398
ScAacra. ii. 452
SchaticheUa, ii. 522
SchiffornU, iL 102
ScAtffte, 11. 442

SchWrichthyi, ii. 442 ,

.ScAismaderma, IL 415
SchUUt, 11. 108

Schistopleurum. 8. American Pliocene, 1.147
Schizodon, il. 238
SchUogeniHS, il. 490
Schuopygopsis, IL 452
Schizorhina, ii. 494
SchUorhit, IL 307
Schizothorcuc, ii. 452
Schcmionta, 11. 502

Schweiufurtli, Dr., on natural history of Cen-
tral Africa, I. 252
on limits of W. African sub-region, i. 262
(note)
Sciada, ii. 443
Sciirna, ii. 428
SCIiEN-ID*. 11 428
8C1NCULE, iL 396

.Sdnros, il 397
Scinks, ii. 396
ScUnrostnim, ii. 288
Scissor, ii. 445

Seiurovtu, N. American Eocene, L 140
Sciuratms, il 236
8CIURID.eS. il 234
Sciuropterus, ii. 235
Seisms, European Miocene, 1 120
European Boceue, 1 126
it 235,236
Sclater, Mr., on zoological regions, i. 59
why his six regions are adopted, 1 63
on birds of Sandwich Islands, i. 446
on systematic position of Crrtkidta, ii
p. 31
Sclater and Salvin, Messrs., on Neotropical

sub-regions, 11 25
SCLERODERMA 11 457
SclerognaOuu, iL 451
8CLEKURINJE, 11 295
Sclerurus, ii. 103
SrolecopAafltu, ii. 282
BCOLOPACID.*, 11 353
Scolopax, ii. 353
Scomber, 11. 429
SCOMBRESt>CID.£, 11 449
Scomorwox, ii. 449
SCOMBRIDiE, ii 429
8COPELID.*, U. 446
Scops, 11 350
ScopiM, 11 360
Scortornu, ii. 320
Scotopefia, ii. 350
ScotopKUiu, il. 183
Scrapteira, ii. 891
Screamers, il 861
Scrub-birds, 11. 299
8CYLLID.*, ii. 461
Sq/llium, ii. 461
ScytaJe, il. 379
SCYTALIDvE, 11. 379
Scytabpiu, 11 297
Scythrops, ii. 310

Sea, as a barrier to mammalia, i. 13
Sea-devils, 11 463

Seals, fossil in European Miocene, i. 113
of Lake Baikal, i. 218
ii. 203
Sea-pens, iL 505
Sea-snails, 11. 508
Sea-snakes, ii. 384
Sebartw, iL 428
Secondary formations, mammalian remains in.

i. 169
Secretary bird, of Africa, figure of, 1. 261

il 346
Seemann, Dr., on protective resemblance o!

sloths, ii. 24
Setoura, ii. 270
Sdache, ii. 460
Selatplwrut, il 108
Seientdera, ii. 307
StUnophorut, ii. 490
Stleunda, ii. 275
Semioptem, ii. 275
Semiplotus, ii. 452
8emnopithfx:idje, il 171
Semnopithecus, European Pliocene, i. 112
Miocene of Greece, 1.115
European Miocene, 1.117
Indian Miocene, i. 121
il. 171
ii. 178
Semper, Dr., on Philippine mammalia, L 345
Stnira, 11. 397

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8IRESOIDEI, U. 458

Sirytta, 11 101

Sifor, U. 444

Sitaiw, ii. 402

Sitta, ii. 265

Sitlcuomut, il 103

SUUlla. ii. 265

SITTIDjK, ii. 265

Smmtu, il 279

Sim, il 266

Sivathtrium, Indian Miocene, I, 122

ii. 226
Siwalik Hills, Miocene deposlta of, 1121
Sktnca, ii. 510
Sloths, ii. 244
Slugs, ii. 617
SmaraQdochryrit, 11 109
Smerinthus, il 483
Smilioaatter, ii. 453
Smintlma, il 230
Smith, Mr. Frederick, on Hymenoptera ol

Japan, i. 230
Smttaoroij, ii. 270
Smutsia, il 245
Snails, ii. 512

Snake, at great elevation in Himalayas, 1 220
Snakes, classification of, 1 99

Eocene, 1 165

large proportion of venomous species in
Australia, I. 396

of New Zealand, 1 457

distribution and lines of migration of, ii.
547
Snipes, ii. 353

Society Islands, birds of, 1. 443
Socorro, zoology of, il 60
Soft-tortoises, ii. 409
Solarium, il. 510
Solea, ii. 441
SOL-ENID.*, U. 536
Soltnodon, ii. 188
SOLENOSTOMIUiE, II. 456
Solitaire, 1L 334
Somuterio, ii. 364
Soririctis, European Miocene, 1118

11 196
tioricida, European Miocene, 1. 118
SORICIDiE, ii. 191
Soruttd.ll 397
SoruMm. ii. 442
SotalM, ii. 209
South African sub region, description of, 1

266

il. 198
SimorayiwAW, il 867
Simotes, ii. 375
Simpuloptil, ii. 516
SHnopa, N. American Tertiary, 1 134
Sipaia, U. 270
Si)*Mta,H. 230
Siphonoptu, ii. 411
SIphnnorMt, ii. 320
Sipkonoitoma, ii. 457
Sfrrn.il 411
8irenia, classification of, 1 89

range of Ethiopian genera of, 1 303

range of Oriental genus, 1. 374

range of Australian genus of, 1 476
Sirtnia, European Pliocene, 1 112

European Miocene, 1 119
8IREN1A. ii 210
SIREXIDiE.ii. 411

mammalia of, 1. 267

birds of, i. 267

reptiles of, 1 268

amphibia of, 1 268

fresh-water fish of, 1. 268

butterflies of, 1. 268

coleoptera of. 1 268

summary of its zoology, i. 269
South America, fossil fauna of, 1 143

Pliocene deposits of, 1 146

supposed laud connection with Australia,
i. 398
South America and Africa, parallelism of their

past zoological history, 11 83
South Australia, peculiar birds of, 1 441
8PALACID,E. il 231
Simlaeomys, ii. 230
Spalacoput, ii. 238
Spalax, ii. 231
Sparganura, il. 108
SPARIDJt, ii. 426
Spatnla, ii. 364
| Species, representative, 1. 4

Stelgidopteryz, ii. 281
Sullio, 11 402
Stellula, ii, 108
Steneofber, European Miocene, i. 120

Spelerpes, ii. 413
Speothos, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
Spermestes, ií. 287
Spermophila, ii. 285
Spermophilus, European Miocene, i 120

ii. 235, 236
Spermospisa, ii. 286
Sperm Whales, ii. 207
Sphartocephalus, ii. 209
Sphorodactylus, ii 400
Sphorodierus, ii. 490
Sphillomorpha, ii. 490
Sphecotheres, ii. 268
Spheniracus, ii. 258
8PHENISCIDÆ, ii. 366
Spheniscus, ii. 366
Sphenocephalus, ii. 398
Sphenodon, in Brazilian caves, i. 145

ii. 245
Sphenog nathus, ii. 493
Sphenoproctus, ii. 107
Sphenops, ii. 398
Sphenostoma, ii. 266
Sphenura, ii. 258
SPHINGIDÆ, ii 482
Sphingidea, distribution of, ii. 483
SPHINGINA, ii. 481
Sphingnotus, ii. 501
Sphins, in European Oolite, i. 167

ii. 482
Sphinx Moths, ii. 482
Sphyrapicus, ii. 303
SPUYRENIDE, ii. 429
Spider monkeys, ii. 174
Spilornis, ii. 348
Spilotes, il 376
SPINACIDÆ, ii. 461
Spindalis, ii. 98, 284
Spiraris, ii. 515

PIRIFERIDÆ, ii. 532
SPIRULID/E, il. 505
Spizaetus, ii. 348
Spizella, ii. 284
Spizia pleryr, ii. 349
Spiziastur, ii. 348
Spodiornis, ii, 285
Sponsor, ii. 497
Spoonbills, ii. 360
Sporodinus, ii. 109
Sporopipes, ii, 286
Sprat, ii. 454
Spreo, ii, 288
Squalodon, ii. 210
Squaliobarbus, ii. 452
SQUAMIPENNES, ii. 427
Squatarola, ii. 356
Squirrel monkeys, ii. 175
Squirrels, ii. 234
St. Helena, zoological features of, i. 269

coleoptera of, i. 270

landshells of, i. 271
St. Thomas's Island, birds of, i 266
Stachyris, ii. 261
Stactolam, ii. 306
Stag-beetles, ii. 492
Stalagmosoni, ii. 495
Starlings, ii. 287
Starnaenas, ii. 33
Stations, definition of, i. 4
Staurotyjus, ii. 408
Steatomys, ii. 230
Steatornis, ii. 319
STEATORNITHIDÆ, ii. 319
Steganura, ii, 108
Stegnolema, ii. 343
Stegophiius, ii. 444

Steno, ii. 209
Stenodactylus, il 400
Stenogyra, ii. 515
Stenopsis, ii. 320
Stenopus, ii. 516
Stenorhina, ii. 375
Stenorhynchus, ii. 204

ii. 421
Stephanophonis, fi 98
Stercorarius, ii. 361
Sterna, ii. 364
Sternarchus, ii. 455
Sternocera, ij. 496
Sternoclyta, ii. 107
STERNOPTYCHID, ii. 446
Ster nopygus, ii. 455
Sternotheres, ii. 405
Steropus, ii. 489
Stesilea, ii. 501
Stethodesma, ü. 495
Sthenurus, Australian Post-Tertiary. i. 157

ii. 251
Stichaus, ii. 431
Sticklebacks, ii. 424
Stigmatura, ii. 101
Stigmodera, ii. 496
$10MIATIDÆ, ii. 447
Storks, ii, 360
Stabomantis, ii. 419
Straits of Magellan, mammalia of, ii. 37

birds of, ii. 39
Strepera, ii 273
Strepsilas, ü. 356
Streptaulus, ii. 520
Streptaris, ii, 515
Streptocerus, ii. 493
Streptoculta, ii. 274
Streptophorus, ii, 374
STRIGIDÆ, ii. 350
Stringops, ii. 329
STRINGOPIDÆ. ii. 329
Strix, European Miocene, i. 162

u. 350
STROMBIDÆ li. 507
Struthio, 11. 368
Struthiones, arrangement of, 1. 98

range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 313

range of Australian genera of, i. 487
STRUTHIONES, ii 368

general remarks on the distribution of, ii.

370

STRUTHIONIDÆ, ii. 368
Struthious birds, probable origin of, i. 287
Sturgeons, ii. 459
Sturnella, ii. 282
Sturnia, ii. 287
STURNIDÆ, ii. 287
Sturnopastor, ii, 287
Sturnus. ii. 287
STYGIIDÆ, ii. 482
Stygogenes, ii. 444
Stylinodontia, N. American Eocene, i. 139
Stylinodontidae, N. American Eocene, i. 139
Stuporhynchus, ii. 376
Sublegatus, ü, 101
Sub-regions, on what principle formed, i. 180

Palaarctic, i. 191
Ethiopian, i. 258
Oriental, i. 321
Australian, i. 408
Neotropical, ii. 21

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Tamandua, ii 247
Tamias, i 235, 236
Tanecia, ii, 474
Tanagers, ii. 283
Tanagra, ii. 98
Taniyrella, ii. 98
TANAGRIDÆ, ii. 283
Tantalus, ii. 361
Tanygnathus, ii. 326
Tanysiplera, ii. 316
Taon is us, ii. 344
Taphosous, ii. 183
Tapir, fossil in N. China, i. 123
Tapir, Malayan figure of, 1 837
Topirida, European Eovene, i. 125
TAPIRIDÆ, it. 212
Tapirs, birthplace and migrations of, 1. 154

ii. 212
Tapirus, European Pliocene, i. 113

Indian Miocene, i 192

in Brazilian caves, 1. 144
Tarandus, 11. 219
Tarentola, ji 400
Tarsier, Malayan, figure of, L. 337
Tarsiger, 11. 259
TARSIIDA, u 177
Tarsipes, ii. 252
Tarsius, ii 177
Tasmania, comparative zoological poverty of,

i 441
Tutare, ii. 259
Tahsia, ii. 246
Taxidea, ii. 199
Tarila, ii. 475
Tasodon, European Miocene, i 118

ii 200
Tay retis, ii. 471
Tchurra, 11. 271
TECTONARCHINÆ, II. 375
Tequexius, 11. 390
TEIDE, IL 390
Teinapalps, i 479
Taira, 11 391
Trius, ii 390
Teleomis, ii 375
TELEOSTEI, fi. 424
Telephenus, ii. 272.
Tellia, 11 450
TELLINIDÆ, ii. 506
Telmatobius, N. American Cretaceous, . 164

ti 417
Telmatolestes, N. American Tertiary, L. 133
Temnotrogon, ii. 314
Tennurus, ii. 273
Tephrocorys, 11 289
Tophrodornis, ii. 273
Teritcolus, ii 478
Tereltula, li. 539
TEREBRATULIDÆ, ii. 532
Terekia, 113.)3
Teresira, ii 104
Teretristis, il 279
Terins, u 478
Terimus, ii. 474
Tems, ii. 364
Terrujene, ii 408
Terrestrial Mollusca, il 619
Terrestrial Mollusca, suinmary and conclusion,

11 551

lines of migration of, ii, 58
Texta, 11. 63
Testadella, ii. 516

Tables of distribution of families and genera

explaine, i 177
Taouooua, ii. 309
Tachydamus, ji 391
Tachyrdonus, 1199
Tachyr is 11 47%
Tachyfrior Ais, il 348
Tadorna, ii. 309
Tonigale, 1 195
Travern, in 100, 291
TANIOPTERINÆ, il. 201
Tintura, ti 40-8
Triegalius, 11 342
Talpa, European Miocene, 1 117

1190
TALPIDÆ, H 190

TESTUDINIDE, ii. 407
Testudo, M10cne of Grrere, 1 116

Indian Miocene, i. 123

Testudo, great antiquity of the genus, i, 289
Testudo, ii. 408
Tethionea, ii. 501
TETRABRANCHIATA, ii. 506
Tetrachi, ii 486, 487
Tetrachus, European Miocene, i. 117
Tetraceros, ii, 224
Tetracus, ii. 188
Tetradartylus, ii. 397
Tetragonoderus, ii. 490
Tetragonops, ii. 306
Tetragonoplerus, ji. 445
Tetragonosomu, ii. 380
Tetranematichthys, ii. 443
Tetrao albus, in Italian caverns, i. 161
Tetrao, ii. 339
Tetraogallus, ii, 339
TETRAONIDÆ, ii. 338
Tetraophasis, ii. 340
Tetrodon, ii. 457
TEUTHIDÆ, ii. 505
TEUTHIDIDE, ii. 433
Textor, ii. 286
Thais, ii. 479
Thalassarctos, ii. 201
Thalassictis, Miocene of Greece, i. 115

European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 195

ii. 197
Thalassornis, ii. 364
Thaleichthys, ii. 447
Thaluranit, ii. 107
Thamnistes, ii. 104
Thank Tobi, ii. 260
Tham Logists, ii, 379
Thamnomanes, ii. 104
THAMNOPHILINÆ, ii, 297
Thamnophilus, ii. 104
Thaumalea, ii. 840
Thaumantis, ii. 472
Thaumastura, ii. 108
Thaumatias, ii. 109
Thecla, ii. 477
Theloderma, ii. 419
Theope, ii. 476
Theorema, ii. 477
Theraps, ii. 438
Therates, ii. 486
Theridomys, European Miocene, i. 126

European Eocene, i. 126
S. American Eocene, i. 148

ii. 239
Theropithecus, ii. 173
Thestias, ii. 478
Thestor, ii. 477
Thetia, ii. 391
THINOCORIDÆ, ii. 354
Thinocorus, ii. 354
Thinohyus, ii. N. American Tertiary, i. 137

ji. 215
Thinolestes, N. American Tertiary, i. 133
Thinornis, ii. 356
Thermomys, ii. 233
Thous, ii. 197
Thrasaëtus, ü. 348
Threnetes, ii. 107
Thripadectes, ii. 103
Thripophaga, ii. 103
Thryophilus, ii. 263
Thryothorus, ii. 263
Thrushes, ii. 255
Thyca, ii. 471
Thylacinus, Australian Post-Tertiary, i. 157

ii. 249
Thylacolen, Australian Post-Tertiary, i. 157

ii. 252

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