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Greater Antilles. They are beautifully-coloured birds,—green above, red and white beneath, and are exceedingly active in their movements. To the right are a pair of small humming-birds (Sporadinus ricordi), not very remarkable in this beautiful family, but introduced here because they belong to a genus which is confined to the Greater Antilles.
Table of distribution of West-Indian Birds.—As the birds of the West-Indian islands are particularly interesting and their peculiarities comparatively little known, we give here a table of the genera of land-birds, compiled from all available sources of information. Owing to the numerous independent observations on which it is founded, the discrepancies of nomenclature, and uncertainty in some cases as to the locality of species, it can only be looked upon as an approximative summary of the existing materials on Antillean ornithology.
TABLE OF THE RESIDENT LAND-BIRDS OF THE ANTILLES.
Note.—Genera confined to the West Indies are in Italics. An (a) after (1) indicates a species common to two islands: but where there are two or more species in an island, or the localities are doubtful, this indication cannot be given. All species not otherwise noted are peculiar to the Antilles.
(Number of families of resident land-birds in the Antilles ..... Totais
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Reytiles and Amphibia.—These classes not having been systematically collected, and the numerous described genera not having undergone careful revision, little trustworthy information can be derived from them. The following enumeration of the chief groups hitherto noticed or described, will, however, show very similar features to those presented by the birds—a genera] relation to Neotropical forms, a more special relation to those of Central America and Mexico, and a considerable number of peculiar types.
Snakes.—Arrhyton (Calamariidse) from Cuba, Hypsirhynchus from Barbadoes, Cryptodacus from Cuba, Ialtris from Hayti, and Coloragia from Cuba (all Colubridee), have been described as genera peculiar to the Antilles. Phylodryas and Dromicus (Colubridse) are Antillean and Neotropical; Ahcetulla. (Dendrophidae) has the same distribution but extends to tropical Africa; Epicrates and Cor alius (Pythonidse) are Neotropical and Antillean; while Chilabothrus from Jamaica and Ungalia from Cuba and Jamaica (both Pythonidae) are found elsewhere only in Central America and Mexico. There appear to be no Crotalidse except an introduced species of Craspedocephalus in St. Lucia.
Lizards are more numerous. Ameiva (Teidse) is found all over America Oerrhonolus (Zonuridee) is Neotropical and occurs in Cuba; Gymnopthalmus is South American and Antillean. Of Scincida? seven genera are noted. Celestus (with 9 species) is peculiar to the Antilles; Camilia (1 species) to Jamaica, Panoplus (1 species) and Embryopus (1 species) to Hayti; Diplogossus is Antillean and South American; while Plestiodon and Mabouya are cosmopolite. Of Geckotidae there are four genera; Phyllodactylus and PTemidactylus which are cosmopolite; Sphaerodactylus which is wholly American; and Cubina found only in Martinique and Brazil. Of Iguanidse there are six genera; Anolis, which ranges all over America; Polychrus, which is Neotropical; Iguana and Liocephalus which are South American; Tropedurus found in Cuba and Brazil; and Cyclura only known from Jamaica, Cuba, and Central America.
Amphibia.—The genus Trachycephalus, belonging to the