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engaged in prayer, and her walk is consistent,, have no heathen schools, having neither time so that we hope she may be useful among our nor means to spend on them. poor women. On Sunday, the 1st of October, I baptized another, an old man a coovert
Preaching among the heathen. from Hinduism ; an inquirer for some time, Our preaching to the heathen has been he has become proverbial amongst us for most regular. We daily form two parties, simplicity and straightforwardness. I have one on horses for the more distant villages, every reason to believe him truly a changed and the other on foot for those near at hand, character, a disciple of the meek and lowly and in this manner during the last three Jesus. At my last interview with him before months we have preached in upwards of 200 his baptism, on being asked as to the state of villages to attentive crowds, varying in num. his mind, he replied, “I am very ignorant ber from five to sixty. There are numbers and very sinful, but I believe Christ Jesus around us almost persuaded to be Christians; came to save such.” During the address at several have attempted to join us, but have the water side, he appeared much affected; I been induced to postpone the important step saw he bad repeatedly to wipe away the fall. by the importunities of their friends and famiing tears. May the Lord keep these two lies. lambs of his flock faithful to the end. We
Caste undermined. look upon them as valuable additions to our little band. Having stability of character and Caste is however by this means being una good deal that is amiable in a Christian, dermined, as several men of high caste have been they will draw others to Christ, rather than received into their families and former society hinder, as many native converts have done. again, notwithstanding its being well known My prayer is that the Lord may preserve us that they had eaten with Christians, so that from empty professors, and make the little many readily acknowledge that there is no church formed in this wilderness shine on all caste remaining in our neighbourhood ; and around us as a garden, though small, yet several have refused to enter into marriage consisting of nothing but fruiters, without one contracts with families totally unconnected cumberer of the ground.
with us, simply because they lived near to us. A new labourer,
A banyá who was long connected with us has
been again received into caste, and at a marBrother Williams informed you that I had riage in the village cooked puris for some got another labourer. His name is Mohan, hundreds of the most respectable zamindars by which his character is not badly expressed. in the neighbouring villages. Another indi. With a blessing on bis labours, I trust he will vidual, a brahman, after being with us some be the means of drawing many from heathen- time, returned home, and is now with his ism to God. He is one of the most zealous family in caste. A third, a sajput, being native agents I have met with, and I think he asked in the public market if he had not eaten possesses genuine piety. His advance in Christians' food, replied, “ Yes, I feasted with knowledge has been most rapid ; in a com- them on puris, and what of that?”. I give paratively short time he has learned to read these examples to show that links in the mon. Hindi and Urdu, in Nágri and Persian cha- strous chain have been severed, and that caste racters, with Auency ; he is also getting on is not, at least in our neighbourhood, what it with English. Since he joined us I have had was some time since. the pleasure of marrying him to an excellent
Christian Village. young woman, brought up with the greatest care by our friend Mīrs. Reed. Perhaps this, Our services are better attended than ever. of all others, is the most valuable addition to As the number of nominal Christian residents our mission. With her assistance Mrs. Smith in our village increases, so does our congrega. has been able to commence a prayer-meeting tion, for none are admitted except on condifor females only, and so much interest has tion of their renouncing caste, sending their been taken in it by our poor women, that children to school, keeping the sabbath, and there is seldom one absent.
attending all our services. Our village conFemale community improved.
tains about fifty inhabitants, and these form
our congregations for the most part, and this A new day has, I trust, dawned on our is a most interesting feature of our mission. female community--& visible improvement in the midst of a number of villages, where has taken place, which augurs well for the the sound of the church-going bell was never future prospects of the Redeemer's cause heard, and the sabbath brought no smile, no amongst a class of immorial beings whose rest-on that holy day, to see men, women, condition has hitherto appeared almost hope and children, neatly dressed, wending their less. She assists also in teaching the girls way to the house of God, to celebrate his belonging to our people, so that our female praises and hear of that Saviour of whom school has been provided for, and now all Moses and the prophets spake-frequently our children are under tuition. Our boys' drives away gloomy doubts, cheers our hearts, school consists of about tea scholars- we reminds us of the happy sabbaths of our own
dear land, and filling us with hopes as to the well employed; four meetings leave our people future, enables us to go on our way rejoicing. little time for worldly conversation, and tend Early on Sunday mornings our people meet to improve them in knowledge. During the for prayer, immediately after which we have week we have two prayer meetings, one on morning service. Again at one o'clock I hold Monday evenings, and the other on Saturan inquirers' meeting in the form of a bible days, besides a regular preaching on Wednesclass : at the same time Mrs. Smith has the days, and the remaining evenings our people females' prayer meeting, and in the evening attend family prayer in the chapel. we have service again : thus our sabbaths are
From two letters from Mr. PARRY we extract the following particulars :
June 29th, 1848.-I returned home last man, upwards of ninety years old; be seems week after an absence of upwards of three to be a simple and happy believer. The weeks. I visited Bákuspul, Sátberiyá, in other is the wife of one of the members, and both which places native Christians reside, formerly belonged to Diguliya. I and Kaliand Kesabpur. You will rejoice with me mohan have been preaching in the market of that I had the satisfaction of baptizing five Phultalá, which is situated at some distance converts at Sátberiyá. During my stay of from this place. We also visited Nihálpur, nearly ten days, two or three Mohammedans Sulpur, and Khálispur, which is occasionally expressed a desire to embrace Christianity. visited by Kalimohan. I am happy to say I hope and pray that ere long we shall be that he labours diligently, and that the heathens encouraged greatly in our work, by being in these parts listen with attention to the blessed with an abundant success towards the gospel. Yesterday, at the market of Sulpur, south. Pray for us that we may have the our auditors from first to last were attentive, influences of the Holy Spirit.
and no one offered any objection. One of my Khalispur, 27th August, 1848. Instead of auditors remarked that some one ought to going to Satberiya, as I intended, I bad occa- dispute with me, but another replied, “ What sion to visit this quarter, and I am happy to can we say against such just words as we are say that to the church in this place two mem- hearing ?" He seemed to approve of my in. bers have been added, who were baptized the structions, and listened with great attention to sabbath before last. One of them is an aged / them for soine time.
In a letter from Mr. SMYLIE, dated the 1st of June, he says:
Generally speaking there has been a great ruin. I will however teach any Hindu sameness between the labours of the past and shástra or the Qurán, or any other book, but former month. The work at home in the not these.” The schoolmaster requested him mission house on the Lord's day and week to look over one of the books, and point out pights has been as formerly; the bazar has what he found untruthful; this he would not been daily attended, and we have had nightly do. They know not whether the books are worship, while the school has had the fore-part good or bad, yet condemn them. of every day. Twenty or thirty boys were withdrawn from the school, whose places are
Hopeful appearances. again filled up. A gentleman in this station, A very promising youth from Rangpur on learning something of the state of our threw off caste and joined us some months school, sent me ten rupees, with a promise of ago ; during last month his brother came over support for another school, as soon as another to this zilla, and while residing in the bazar sirkár could be found to undertake the duties. met with youth, Cuddoo, who has joined Numbers have offered their services, but after us. His brother used every argument he attending once or twice at the school, seeing could contrive to prevail on him to return the duties to be performed, the books to be home with him, but in vain. Having failed taught, and "the pay offered,” have refused to persuade Cuddoo to leave this, he left to engage. One such attended to-day, a without him. A few evenings "after the broMusalman, when he had seen what was to be ther's departure Cuddoo was missing, and we done, very plainly said, “ No; to teach the have not been able to learn what
has become faith and books of the Kafir, would be my of him. For some nights previous to his
being missed, he spent a great part of each in I asked him, if any one should bring an order reading and praying, from which I entertained purporting to be from the magistrate to put a hope he would become useful, but how him in gaol, yet without the seal of the court, vain! At present the school munsbi con- which every one knows must be at the head tinues to read the scriptures with me; when of every such order, would he obey? “Cerany one of the Hindus or Musalmans speak tainly not,” was his reply; “ Well, your Muagainst the word of God he always takes the hammad and Qurán have no seal, why obey side of Christianity, and fails not to refute them ?". I then showed him what seals were them. The other day a bold but ignorant attached to the word of God, and to our fakir came into the school, and sat down at Lord; the munshi called out with much joy, my side, and began to declare that there was “ The Qurán has no seal.” no salvation but in believing on Muhammad.
A further letter has been received from Mr. Smylie, dated the 22nd of September, in which he details an excursion he had made, visiting various indigo plantations and preaching to the people, being in each case cordially received by the proprietor, and forwarded by him on his elephant to the next plantation, and ultimately to his home; and lest our friends should fear that the humble missionary has been thereby so much exalted as to be unfitted for common life, we extract one line, “Elephant travelling is almost as bad as travelling on foot; the roll and jolt of the great beast are very tiresome.” He adds,
Some of the natives allow that they are be- ' and read them, for he said, “ They are good, ginning to comprehend something of the and they will prevail.” We want the Holy gospel, but millions have not even heard of it Spirit, without him we are perfectly poweras yet. An old, respectable brahman who less; what is all we can do of ourselves for stood looking and listening the other day, the millions of India ? advised the young people to take the books
He then gives an account of the Lesschas, a tribe who inhabit the hills in and near Darjeeling, one of the government Sanitoriums, eighty or ninety miles from Dinajpur. He says,
As far as I have seen, they appear a simple, they know nothing, as far as I have been able rude people. As their hills produce carda- to learn. Some of them say they have a mons and other medicinal plants, they come saviour who died for them, but not to atone down to Dinajpur at certain periods to dispose for their sins, nor to sanctify their souls. of the fruits of their mountains, I have, there. They are a fine, stout-made people, and in no fore, had many opportunities of seeing them. wise resemble those of the plain. They are Though more than one devoted missionary much fairer, and their features resemble those has long laboured among them, they have not of the Chinese, but their eyes are not so small. As yet been cheered with one convert. Their They are not encumbered with caste like the language is mixed with the Tibetan, and the Hindu and Mussalman. I invited some of priests who wander among them came from them to take food at our house. An old man, that country. The priests carry with them a who appeared to be the chief, sat down, thing like an umbrella, with a cloth over it; mumbled something, and began to sprinkle on the shaft is a small round board, and on the rice in the air about and over his head, at this board stand the little gods, but the people the same time blowing with his mouth. Each do not appear to be very zealous either for has a short dirk, eighteen inches long, which priests or gods. They have one goddess of is ever at his side ; this is their plough, their whom they talk, and whom they extol much; every thing ; with it they cut down trees, her name is Rampunday. They say that a make their houses, and do all their work. man has eight souls, but a woman only seven; When the harvest comes round, the neighthat when a man dies a small spark of one of bours and friends of a family assist, and the his souls remains, and from that all the others crop belonging to that family is reaped in one will be kindled at the resurrection. How this day, and brought home. The night of the spark remains alive they cannot tell, but kim, or harvest home, is spent in great mirth, they believe it remains somehow, and that drinking home-made beer, which is kept, not all will rekindle again just like so many in bottles, for they have none, or ever heard candles. They believe that when the flood of such things, but in bamboos of a prodi. took place, one little spot was left uncovered gious size, so that a single joint will hold by the water, and that on this spot man took more than a gallon. The people are seated refuge, and was saved. Of the ark and Noah | round on the ground, each with a long tube or reed, by which they suck at pleasure, and contend with, conversion has not been heard talk or sing according as it may be.
of. They cast in the seed, but cannot produce Here, though missionaries have no caste to one drop of rain or even dew.
SUREY BIRBHOOM. The following detail of the state of things at this station is contained in a letter from Mr. Smitul, dated the 4th of November :
It is now more than four months since I pearance umong them, and especially the despatched my last letter to you, in which I curiosity excited by our addressing them on mentioned our having been favoured with a religious subjects, has long since, in a great small increase to our church of three persons, measure, passed away, we are still often heard by baptism. Since then, I regret to say that with a pleasing degree of serious attention by we have not been increased, but rather di- considerable numbers, who are desirous, as minished, by the death of one member and much as ever, of obtaining our books, which the exelusion of two others one of whom was are doubtless perused to some extent, though long employed as a preacher of the gospel; far less than is desirable, there being, with so that in regard to numerical strength, we rare exceptions, no apparent intention on their have not advanced since last year, though I part, either on hearing us, or in reading our sincerely trust, through the blessing of God publications, to embrace the gospel of their on our feeble efforts, to promote our spiritual salvation. improvement, some progress has been made in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord
Gratifying state of the schools. and Saviour Jesus Christ an object so de- The annual examination of our schools, sirable in itself, but hitherto so little realized which took place lately, presented, as usual, a amongst us. The peace of the church, thanks gratifying spectacle to all who were present be to God, has not been disturbed this year, on the occasion, and especially to our much and, we hope in God, will not be so again, respected Judge, F. Cardew, Esq., who takes though experience has taught us the necessity a lively interest in them, and who is one of of continual watchfulness and prayer to God, our best subscribers. Along with the imparthat we may be enabled to resist steadfastly tation of elementary tuition, instructors, gramin the faith the great enemy of our souls, lest mars, geographies, histories, introductions of we should be tempted again to dishonour that science, and the bible and other religious sacred name by which we are called, 10 injure books, are read and studied in them, so that our own souls, and to impede instead of pro- the scholars generally, and especially those moting the salvation of our fellow men. who remain till the completion of their educa
It may appear to some not a little surprising tion, must carry away with them a valuable that our number now is not much greater fund both of secular and religious knowledge, than it was some years ago ; this discouraging that cannot fail to be highly useful to them in fact, however, is not so much to be accounted after life, and may, we may not unreasonably for by the few additions that have been made hope, through the blessing of God, dispose at to the church during that period, nor by the least some of them to embrace the Christian exclusions that have also taken place from its religion, to which many are already favourcommunion, most of whom having been again ably disposed. restored, but chiefly to the dismissions to other churches that have occurred to a very con
Aid of Auxiliary Society. siderable extent, owing to the great difficulty It is now about three years since the formaof obtaining employment here beyond a very tion of our auxiliary society, which, though limited number. It is gratifying to reflect, feeble from its cominencement, has hitherto however, that those who have left us for other been upheld by the good hand of God, and stations, have been generally usefully employed we hope, through his continued aid, will not in the cause of God, being esteemed on ac- only be supported, but acquire increase of count of their intelligence and steady Christian strength with increase of age. Our Orphan deportment.
School, native preachers, and poor, have been Labours among the heathen.
maintained by it, aided by the monthly col
lections at the ordinance of the Lord's supper; Since the commencement of the hot weather and though the Parent Society may not from and during the subsequent rains, which have it derive much efficient aid, we trust notwithjust closed, our labours among the heathen standing that that aid, however little, will not have been chiefly confined to the bazar of this by unacceptable. Our funds being nearly place, and neighbouring villages and markets exhausted, 'I was lately under the necessity of around, and although the novelty of our ap- applying to the public for further support, who have responded to the call beyond my! We entreat your prayers that a more expectations, so that we are again provided abundant blessing than hitherto may be for by a kind Providence for at least one year vouchsafed to this and to all our stations, nay more. Our subscriptions are chiefly from the to every part of God's vineyard, that the members of our church, and donations from heathen may be speedily given to his Son for others. The amount of both will be found in his inheritance, and the uttermost part of the tabular statement enclosed in this letter. earth for his possession.
From the Calcutta Oriental Baptist we extract the following gratifying information of additions to some of the churches.
LAL BAZAR. A lady, formerly connected with the Church of England, was baptized on a profession of faith in Christ on the last sabbath in September, and on the following sabbath received to the communion of the church.
KALINGA. Three converted natives were baptized by the Rer. J. Wenger, and added to the church under his care, on the first Lord's day in October.
AGRA. Two Europeans 'publicly professed their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ by baptism on the 1st of October.
CHITAURA, NEAR AGRA.
An African' female was baptized on the 14th of August, and one aged Hindu convert followed her example on the first sabbath in October.
CUTTACK. Four young men were baptized at Chugar on the 27th of August, on the 3rd of September a female convert was immersed on a profession of her faith in Christ at Cuttack, and two young men made a similar avowal of their love to Christ on the first day in October.
JESSORE. In September Mr. Parry had the pleasure of immersing three believers, two of whom were young females belonging to Mrs. Parry's school.
In the Herald for October last reference was made to the serious illness of Mr. Davies, which had compelled him to leave his station, and it was stated that