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Kandy, a representation of which we have given this month, as most of our readers are aware, is the capital of that which was called till of late “the kingdom of Kandy,” being the portion of the island of Ceylon which was governed by a native king till the year 1815, the rest of the island having been under British rule from 1796. The town of Kandy stands at the head of an extensive valley in the midst of wooded hills and mountains, and is more regularly built than most Indian towns. The palace is a square of great extent, built of a kind of cement perfectly white, with stone gateways. The temples of Bhudda are numerous, and that of Malcgana is the most venerated of any in the country, in consequence of its containing, what is considered a precious relic, as genuine a relic as many which the church of Rome presents to its votaries, " the tooth of Bhudda.”
The missionary station at Kandy in connexion with this Society, was formed in 1841, a printing press forming part of it; and the efforts of the missionaries have been greatly blessed among the Kandians, who are a distinct race from the Singhalese, who form the principal population of the remainder of the island.
The encouraging state of things at the present time our readers will learn from the letter of Mr. Allen in page 121.
A letter has been received from Mr. Thomas, dated the 7th of November, in which, after stating that Mr. and Mrs. Lewis have left for a season, having gone on the river in company with Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, the health of both, but particularly that of Mrs. Lewis, having suffered a great deal, as well as that of Mr. Morgan, he says, “I hope both families will derive much and lasting benefit from the change and relaxation they are now enjoying.
“ You will be pleased to hear that brother Leslie baptized four persons last sabbath day; at the same time two were baptized in the native chapel in Kalinga, and one in Intally. Thus at three places the sacred rite was administered on the first sabbath month. I hope we shall soon have to report other additions to one or other of our churches."
As the name of this place has not occurred lately in the Herald, it may be desirable to inform our readers that it is a military station about eight miles northwest of Calcutta, and ten north-east of Serampore, in which a church was formed at an early period of the mission, which has consisted of soldiers and their wives. Though many have been the subjects of decided conversion, the number of which the church has at any time consisted has not been large, its members being scattered, with their regiments, throughout India, where many of them have borne a pleasing testimony to the truth and power of religion.
Mr. Lewis, under date Calcutta, 6th November, says:
I had the pleasure in July last of baptizing afforded good reason to hope that they were three European soldiers at Dum Dum. They Israelites indeed. They are all now removed from the station, but I trust that wherever ber Dum Dum with affectionate interest as they go they will maintain their profession, the place in which they experienced the reand shine as the lights of the world. The newing grace of God. station at Dum Dum is in many respects an
We are, as a family, in better health than interesting one. Those who are added to the has been afforded to us during the last few church there are seldom permitted to remain months. We are this day going for a little long, but are drafted off in various directions; change of air on the river. We irust that, by and though the church is never
large, I be the blessing of God, we shall come back quite lieve however that many of God's people in strong and well again. the various military stations in India remem
In a letter from Mr. THOMPSON he states :
From the middle of March (not including Europeans, including the members, have et the time of my journey to Hurdwar) to the tended each season of worship, either at the time of my falling ill in the middle of this chapel or at my house; while in the Drummonth, I have daily visited the people in a mers' lines some eight or ten have attended principal street of the city, with the word of once a week. The result of all the labours God, and addressed some 1300 of them, read- has been some five applications to unite with ing out of the scriptures and tracts, one to us on the condition of being supported in idlethree chapters of the former and the same ness. The parties showed no inclination to number of the latter statedly; and have given examine for themselves the evidences of our to applicants single gospels or tracts, and in faith, although three of them were very well very rare cases larger portions of the scrip- able to read, and one man had read our books tures. The Hindu pupils of the Christian for some years. We must wait for those who school have been large applicants for our show an impression of divine truth on their Unda gospels, and on one occasion the Eu- minds, and of a more disinterested character, ropean master applied to me for a dozen of each and till such shall apply for admission we of the gospels for his Urdu class. The Christian must labour in hope. "The tracts distributed services have been attended to by me as usual, amount to about 2628, and the scriptures to excepting since my late indisposition, and about 375. from fifteen to twenty or more, natives and
CHITAURA, NEAR AGRA. Mr. Smith commences his letter by a reference to his last, which was printed in the October Herald, and proceeds with an account of the present state of things at this station,
Since my last every thing has gone on, he could find no rest to his soul until he had tolerably well with us. The two men I returned to the Lord with weeping and supmentioned as having left us, have both re- plication. I believe his repentance is genuturned; one has been re-admitted to church ine, and he now appears to be growing in fellowship, and the otber is very regular in grace and in that knowledge which maketh his attendance on all the means of grace, so wise unto salvation. His wife also, who was that we hope soon to see him reinstated in the the means of taking him away, and threatened church. Their going away was most unex- self-destruction if he did not leave us, has pected, and had a discouraging effect on us come with him, and is now amongst our most all
, as we had never entertained a doubt of regular attenders at the chapel and prayerthe sincerity, especially of one of them. We meetings. The lion has truly become a lamb. bow rejoice in their repentance, and feel en- Who could hope that this violent opponent of couraged in our work; the seed sown is not the truth should ever have become iis admirer? thrown away; although it may produce no present visible effects, it shall accomplish
Two persons baptised. that whereunto it is gent. One of the above On Monday, the 4th August, I had the mentioned individuals tried all means to shake pleasure of baptizing one of our servants, an off Christianity and forget what he had heard, layá, by birth an African. She has, I have no but in vain. The more he strove to obliterate doubt, been admitted to the household of faith. his convictions, the deeper they became, and I have frequently found her in her little hut,
engaged in prayer, and her walk is consistent,, have no heathen schools, having neither time so that we hope she may be useful among our nor means to spend on them. poor women. On Sunday, the 1st of October, I baptized another, an old man a coovert
Preaching among the heathen. from Hinduism ; an inquirer for some time, Our preaching to the heathen has been he has become proverbial amongst us for most regular. We daily form two parties, simplicity and straightforwardness. I have one on horses for the more distant villages, every reason to believe him truly a changed and the other on foot for those near at hand, character, a disciple of the meek and lowly and in this manner during the last three Jesus. At my last interview with him before months we have preached in upwards of 200 his baptism, on being asked as to the state of villages to attentive crowds, varying in num. his mind, he replied, “I am very ignorant ber from five to sixty. There are numbers and very sinful, but I believe Christ Jesus around us almost persuaded to be Christians; came to save such.” During the address at several have attempted to join us, but have the water side, he appeared much affected; I been induced to postpone the important step saw he bad repeatedly to wipe away the fall. by the importunities of their friends and famiing tears. May the Lord keep these two lies. lambs of his flock faithful to the end. We
Caste undermined. look upon them as valuable additions to our little band. Having stability of character and Caste is however by this means being una good deal that is amiable in a Christian, dermined, as several men of high caste have been they will draw others to Christ, rather than received into their families and former society hinder, as many native converts have done. again, notwithstanding its being well known My prayer is that the Lord may preserve us that they had eaten with Christians, so that from empty professors, and make the little many readily acknowledge that there is no church formed in this wilderness shine on all caste remaining in our neighbourhood ; and around us as a garden, though small, yet several have refused to enter into marriage consisting of nothing but fruiters, without one contracts with families totally unconnected cumberer of the ground.
with us, simply because they lived near to us. A new labourer,
A banyá who was long connected with us has
been again received into caste, and at a marBrother Williams informed you that I had riage in the village cooked puris for some got another labourer. His name is Mohan, hundreds of the most respectable zamindars by which his character is not badly expressed. in the neighbouring villages. Another indi. With a blessing on bis labours, I trust he will vidual, a brahman, after being with us some be the means of drawing many from heathen- time, returned home, and is now with his ism to God. He is one of the most zealous family in caste. A third, a sajput, being native agents I have met with, and I think he asked in the public market if he had not eaten possesses genuine piety. His advance in Christians' food, replied, “ Yes, I feasted with knowledge has been most rapid ; in a com- them on puris, and what of that?”. I give paratively short time he has learned to read these examples to show that links in the mon. Hindi and Urdu, in Nágri and Persian cha- strous chain have been severed, and that caste racters, with Auency ; he is also getting on is not, at least in our neighbourhood, what it with English. Since he joined us I have had was some time since. the pleasure of marrying him to an excellent
Christian Village. young woman, brought up with the greatest care by our friend Mīrs. Reed. Perhaps this, Our services are better attended than ever. of all others, is the most valuable addition to As the number of nominal Christian residents our mission. With her assistance Mrs. Smith in our village increases, so does our congrega. has been able to commence a prayer-meeting tion, for none are admitted except on condifor females only, and so much interest has tion of their renouncing caste, sending their been taken in it by our poor women, that children to school, keeping the sabbath, and there is seldom one absent.
attending all our services. Our village conFemale community improved.
tains about fifty inhabitants, and these form
our congregations for the most part, and this A new day has, I trust, dawned on our is a most interesting feature of our mission. female community--& visible improvement in the midst of a number of villages, where has taken place, which augurs well for the the sound of the church-going bell was never future prospects of the Redeemer's cause heard, and the sabbath brought no smile, no amongst a class of immorial beings whose rest-on that holy day, to see men, women, condition has hitherto appeared almost hope and children, neatly dressed, wending their less. She assists also in teaching the girls way to the house of God, to celebrate his belonging to our people, so that our female praises and hear of that Saviour of whom school has been provided for, and now all Moses and the prophets spake-frequently our children are under tuition. Our boys' drives away gloomy doubts, cheers our hearts, school consists of about tea scholars- we reminds us of the happy sabbaths of our own
dear land, and filling us with hopes as to the well employed; four meetings leave our people future, enables us to go on our way rejoicing. little time for worldly conversation, and tend Early on Sunday mornings our people meet to improve them in knowledge. During the for prayer, immediately after which we have week we bave two prayer meetings, one on morning service. Again at one o'clock I hold Monday evenings, and the other on Saturan inquirers' meeting in the form of a bible days, besides a regular preaching on Wednesclass : at the same time Mrs. Smith has the days, and the remaining evenings our people females' prayer meeting, and in the evening attend family prayer in the chapel. we have service again : thus our sabbaths are
From two letters from Mr. Parry we extract the following particulars :
June 29th, 1848.—I returned home last man, upwards of ninety years old; he seems week after an absence of upwards of three to be a simple and happy believer. The weeks. I visited Bákuspul, Sátberiyá, in other is the wife of one of the members, and both which places dative Christians reside, formerly belonged to Diguliya. I and Kaliand Kesabpur. You will rejoice with me mohan have been preaching in the market of that I had the satisfaction of baptizing five Phultalá, which is situated at some distance converts at Sárberiyá. During my stay of from this place. We also visited Nihálpur, nearly ten days, two or three Mohammedans Sulpur, and Khálispur, which is occasionally expressed a desire to embrace Christianity. visited by Kálimohan. I am happy to say I hope and pray that ere long we shall be that he labours diligently, and that the heathens encouraged greatly in our work, by being in these parts listen with attention to the blessed with an abundant success towards the gospel. Yesterday, at the market of Sulpur, south. Pray for us that we may have the our auditors from first to last were attentive, influences of the Holy Spirit.
and no one offered any objection. One of my Khalispur, 27th August, 1848. Instead of auditors remarked that some one ought to going to Sátberigá, as I intended, I had occa- dispute with me, but another replied, “What sion to visit this quarter, and I am happy to can we say against such just words as we are say that to the church in this place two mem- hearing ?” He seemed to approve of my in. bers have been added, who were baptized the structions, and listened with great attention to sabbath before last. One of them is an aged them for some time.
Generally speaking there has been a great ruin. I will however teach any Hindu sameness between the labours of the past and shástra or the Qurán, or any other book, but former month. The work at home in the not these.” The schoolmaster requested him mission house on the Lord's day and week to look over one of the books, and point out nights has been as formerly; the bazar has what he found untruthful; this he would not been daily attended, and we have had nightly do. They know not whether the books are worship, while the school has had the fore-part good or bad, yet condemn them. of every day. Twenty or thirty boys were withdrawn from the school, whose places are
Hopeful appearances. again filled up. A gentleman in this station, A very promising youth from Rangpur on learning something of the state of our threw off caste and joined us some months school, sent me ten rupees, with a promise of ago ; during last month his brother came over support for another school, as soon as another to this zilla, and while residing in the bazar arkár could be found to undertake the duties. met with the youth, Cuddoo, who has joined Numbers have offered their services, but after us. His brother used every argument he attending once or twice at the school, seeing could contrive to prevail on him to return the daties to be performed, the books to be home with him, but in vain. Having failed taught, and the pay offered,” have refused to persuade Cuddoo to leave this, he left to engage. One such attended to-day, a without him. A few evenings 'after the broMusalman, when he had seen what was to be ther's departure Cuddoo was missing, and we done, very plainly said, "No; to teach the have not been able to learn what has become faith and books of the Kafir, would be my of him. For some nights previous to his being missed, he spent a great part of each in I asked him, if any one should bring an order reading and praying, from which I entertained purporting to be from the magistrate to put a hope he would become useful, but how him in gaol, yet without the seal of the court, vain! At present the school munsbi con- which every one knows must be at the head tinues to read the scriptures with me; when of every such order, would he obey? "Cerany one of the Hindus or Musalmans speak tainly not,” was his reply; “Well, your Muagainst the word of God he always takes the hammad and Qurán have no seal, why obey side of Christianity, and fails not to refute them ?", I then showed him what seals were them. The other day a bold but ignorant attached to the word of God, and to our fakir came into the school, and sat down at Lord; the munshi called out with much joy, my side, and began to declare that there was “ The Qurán has no seal.” no salvation but in believing on Muhammad.
A further letter has been received from Mr. Smylie, dated the 22nd of September, in which he details an excursion he had made, visiting various indigo plantations and preaching to the people, being in each case cordially received by the proprietor, and forwarded by him on his elephant to the next plantation, and ultimately to his home; and lest our friends slıould fear that the humble missionary has been thereby so much exalted as to be unfitted for common life, we extract one line, " Elephant travelling is almost as bad as travelling on foot; the roll and jolt of the great beast are very tiresome.” He adds,
Some of the natives allow that they are be- and read them, for he said, " They are good, ginning to comprehend something of the and they will prevail.” We want the Holy gospel, but millions have not even heard of it Spirit, without him we are perfectly poweras yet. An old, respectable brahman who less; what is all we can do of ourselves for stood looking and listening the other day, the millions of India ? advised the young people to take the books
He then gives an account of the Lesschas, a tribe who inhabit the hills in and near Darjeeling, one of the government Sanitoriums, eighty or ninety miles from Dinajpur. He says,
As far as I have seen, they appear a simple, they know nothing, as far as I have been able rude people. As their hills produce carda- to learn. Some of them say they have a mons and other medicinal plants, they come saviour who died for them, but not to atone down to Dinajpur at certain periods to dispose for their sins, nor to sanctify their souls. of the fruits of their mountains, I have, there. They are a fine, stout-made people, and in no fore, had many opportunities of seeing them. wise resemble those of the plain. They are Though more than one devoted missionary much fairer, and their features resemble those has long laboured among them, they have not of the Chinese, but their eyes are not so small. As yet been cheered with one convert. Their They are not encumbered with caste like the language is mixed with the Tibetan, and the Hindu and Mussalman. I invited some of priests who wander among them came from them to take food at our house. An old man, ihat country. The priests carry with them a who appeared to be the chief, sat down, thing like an umbrella, with a cloth over it; mumbled something, and began to sprinkle on the shaft is a small round board, and on the rice in the air about and over his head, at this board stand the little gods, but the people the same time blowing with his mouth. Each do not appear to be very zealous either for has a short dirk, eighteen inches long, which priests or gods. They have one goddess of is ever at his side ; this is their plough, their whom they talk, and whom they extol much; every thing ; with it they cut down trees, her name is Rampunday. They say that a make their houses, and do all their work. man has eight souls, but a woman only seven; When the harvest comes round, the neighthat when a man dies a small spark of one of bours and friends of a family assist, and the his souls remains, and from that all the others crop belonging to that family is reaped in one will be kindled at the resurrection. How this day, and brought home. The night of the spark remains alive they cannot tell, but kim, or harvest home, is spent in great mirth, they believe it remains somehow, and that drinking home-made beer, which is kept, not all will rekindle again just like so many in bottles, for they have none, or ever heard candles. They believe that when the flood of such things, but in bamboos of a prodi. took place, one little spot was left uncovered gious size, so that a single joint will' hold by the water, and that on this spot man took more than a gallon. The people are seated refuge, and was saved. Of the ark and Noah round on the ground, each with a long tube