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CHRONOLOGICAL PAGE FOR MARCH, 1849.
SUN RISES & SETS.
FAMILY BIBLE READING.
1 Th 6 47 Gen. xliii. 15—34, xliv. 1-13. Moon rises at midnight.
5 39 Acts iv. 32–37, v. 1-16. Venus splendid in west, after sunset. 2F 6 45 Gen. xliv. 14—34, xlv. 1–15. Moon's first quarter, 57 m. bef. 1, morning. 5 40 Acts v. 17-42.
Jupiter conspicuous in south-east, evening. 3s 6 43 Gen. xlv. 16-28, xlvi. 1–7. Moon sets, 39 m. past 2, morning. 5 42 Acts vi., vii, 1–8.
Moon rises 12 m, before noon. 4 LD 6 41 Psalms.
Sunday School Union Lessons, 5 43 Psalms.
Johni. 43–51, ii, 1-12, Gen. xxiv. 32-51. 5 M 6 39 Gen. xlvi. 29–34, xlvii. Moon sets, 26 m. past 4, morning. 5 45 Acts vii, 9–43.
Sirius south, 46 m. past 7, evening. 6 Tu 6 37 Genesis xlviii.
Moon sets, 8 m. past 5, morning, 5 47
Acts vii. 44-60, viii. 1--4. Baptist Irish Committee, 6, evening. 7 W6 34 Genesis xlix.
Moon sets, 46 m. past 5, morning. 5 48 Acts viii, 5–25.
Moon rises, 16 m. past 4, afternoon. 8 Th 6 32 Genesis I., Exodus i, 1-14. Moon sets, 14 m. past 6, morning. 5 50 Acts viii. 26--40.
Moon's eclipse, begins 25 m. past 11. 9 F 6 30 Exodus i. 22, and ii.
Full Moon, 2 m. past 1, morning. 5 5] Acts ix, 1-31.
Moon rises, 38 m. past 6. 10 s 6 27 Exodus iii., iv, 1-18. Moon sets, 6- m. past 7, morning. 5 53 Acts ix. 32–43.
Moon rises, 45 m.
past 7, evening. 11 LD 6 25 | Psalms,
Sunday School Union Lessons, 5 55 | Psalms.
John îi. 13-25, Ezra vi. 12 M 6 23 Exodus iv, 27—31, v., vi. 1-9. Moon sets, 54 m. past 7, morning. 5 57 Acts x. 1-23.
Moon rises, 56 m. past 9, evening. 13 | Tu 6 21 Exodus vi. 28-30, vii.
1781, Planet Herschell discovered. 5 59 Acts x, 24-48.
Annual Meeting of Baptist Board at 4. 14 6 19 Exodus vii.
Moon sets, 49 m. past 8, morning. 6 0 Acts xi, 1-21.
Pollux south, 8 m. past 8, afternoon. 15 Th 6 16 Exodus ix.
Mcon rises, 2 m. past 12, morning. 6 2 Acts xi. 22—30, xii. 1-19. Moon sets, 22 m. past 9, morning. 16 F 6 14 Exodus x.
Moon rises, 56 m. past 12, morning. 6 4 Acts xii. 20—25, xiii, 1–13. Moon sets, 59 m. past 9, morning. 17 S 6 12 Exodus xi., xii, 1–20.
Moon's last quarter, 21 m, bef. 1, morning. 6 5 Acts xiii, 14–43.
1840, W.A. Pearce (Calcutta) died, aged 46.
18 LD 6 10 Psalms.
Sunday School Union Lessons, 6 7 Psalms.
John ii. 1-21, Ezekiel xxxvi. 21–38. 19 M 6 7 Exodus xii. 21-51.
Moon rises, 23 m. past 3, morning.
Baptist Home Mission Committee at 6. 21 W 6 ] Exodus xv.
1556, Cranmer burnt, 611 Galatians i,
Lect. at Mission House, by Rev. F. Tucker, 22 Th 5 59 Exodus xvi.
Moon rises, 7 m. past 5, morning.
Moon sets, 39 m. past 2, afternoon.
Moon rises, 36 m. past 5, morning. 6 15 Galatians ji, 1–18.
Sirius south, 35 m. past 6, evening. 24 s 5 55 Exodus xviii.
Moon rises, 6 morning. 6 17 Galatians iii. 19—29, iv. 1-11. New Moon, 6 m. past 2, afternoon. 25 LD 5 53 | Psalms.
Sunday School Union Lessons, 6 19 Psalms.
John iii. 22-36, Psalm lxxii. 26 M 5 51 Exd.xix, 1-9,16-25,xx,1—21. Moon rises, 1 m. past 7, morning. 6 20 Galatians iv, 12-31.
Moon sets, 53 m. past 8, evening. 27 Tu 5 49 Exodus xxiv, and xxxi. 1625, James I, died, aged 58. 6 21 Galatians v.
Stepney Committee at 6. 28 W 5 47 | Exodus xxxii, 1-29.
Moon rises, 12 m. past 8, morning. 6 23 Galatians vi.
Moon sets, 24 m. past 11, night. 29 Th 5 45 Exodus xxxii. 30–35, xxxiii. Moon rises, 53 m. past 8, morning, 6 25 Acts xv. 1-31.
1819, Elisha Smith (Blockley) died, aged 64. 30 F 5 43 Exodus xxxiv.
Moon sets, 33 m. past 12, morning. 6 26 Acts xv. 32—41, xvi, 1-7. Moon rises, 44 m. past 9, morning. 31 | s 5 41 Leviticus ix., X.
Moon's first quarter, 58 m. past 6, morning. 6 28 Acts xvi. 8–40.
Moon sets, 35 m. past 1, morning.
A Tribute for the Negro: being a Vindica- have added as much to the general ac
tion of the Moral, Intellectual, and Re ceptableness of the volume as to its conligious Capabilities of the coloured portion clusiveness. The philosophy blended of mankind, wilh particular reference to throughout with the facts would have the African Race. Illustrated by numerous
improved them both. Biographical Sketches, Facts, Anecdotes,
Even to many who have no question &c. and many superior Portraits and Engravings. By WILSON ARMISTEAD.
on the original equality of the whole Manchester : William Irwin, 39, Oldham
human family, or of the sin of slavery, Street, London : Charles Gilpin, 1848.
the volume will be of value for the large number of facts it contains, illustrative
appropriately enough, by a Member of power of the gospel in negroes. Finer the Society of Friends. The object of specimens of generosity and disinterestthe writer is sufficiently indicated in the edness are not to be found in any annals title, and both the printer and the com- than may be found here, and even though piler seem to have done their best to get we do not need them to convince us that up a handsome and interesting volume; the black man's heart is the same as the and they have succeeded. In no single white man's, we prize them as showing book that we know on the subject can the power of truth, and as exhibiting there be found so much important bright spots in the picture of our common philosophy, or so many interesting facts; nature, a nature which is degraded by and it is likely to remain, for many influences very different from any that years to come, the richest storehouse can originate in the colour of the skin. of evidence on the question at issue. Viewed in this light, we can hardly con
The author divides his book into two ceive of a more appropriate volume to parts; the first containing, "an inquiry put into the hands of our Sunday school into the claims of the negro race to teachers, and of others who take part in humanity, and the vindication of their the benevolent movements of the day. original equality with the other portions. The interest of materials which are of mankind, with a few observations on not wanted for the logical proof of the the unalienable rights of men ;" the author's positions may be gathered from second containing biographical sketches the following story : of Africans or their descendants. This
“During the American war, a gentleman with division is perhaps unfortunate, as it his lady were coming in a ship, under convoy, separates the philosophy from the facts from the East Indies ; his wife died whilst on on which it is founded, or rather it gives their passage, and left two infant children, the philosophy and facts together, and then
charge of whom fell to a negro boy, seventeen
years of age. During the voyage the gentlefacts alone, the facts in both cases being
man on some account left the ship, and went of the nature of proof, quite as much as on board the commodore's vessel, which was of illustration. This consideration may then in company, intending, no doubt, to return seem at first to detract more from the
to his children. During this interval they exlogic of the work than from the interest
perienced a dreadful storm, which reduced the
ship in which the children remained to a sinking of it; the logic and interest, however, are state. A boat was despatched from the comalike injured. A different order would modore's to save as many of the passengers and crew as possible. Having almost filled the boat | The colonists complain of the blacks as there was but just room, as the sailor said, for idle. We are not admitting or correctthe two infants, or for the negro boy, but not for the three. The boy did not hesitate a
ing the assertion, but call attention moment, but placing the two children in the simply to the monstrously unnatural exboat, he said, "Tell massa that Cuffy has done pectation in which it originates. We bis duty.' The faithful negro was quickly lost first make the men slaves, identify, as in the storm, whilst the two infants, through his far as possible, degradation and labour, devoted and heroic conduct, were restored to their anxious parent.
teach them that gentlemen at all events “Queen Charlotte, who heard of this extra- never work in the fields, and when we ordinary circumstance, requested Hannah More set them free are struck dumb with asto write a poem upon it, but she begged to be tonishment at their copying the example excused, saying, “That no art could embellish an act so noble.”” p. 496.
of their masters, and preferring ease to
the most exhausting physical toil. In a No one needs to be told that the very similar way we have formed an negro is generous, but who would there estimate of their Christian character. fore exclude such an anecdote from the Nothing can cxceed the generosity, the records of his race ?
fidelity, or the affection of the black ; It is natural to suppose that a work but these qualities are rather impulses written for the specific purpose of de- than principles. Principles, indeed, have fending men of colour, and from a feel reached among them a noble growth, ing of affectionate regard for them, but they are such chiefly as are fostered should be somewhat one-sided, and per- by oppression and suffering. Men of haps Mr. Armistead is open to this strong character,large-hearted, heavenlycharge. His pictures want shade; his minded, equally fitted to act or suffer, painting is sometimes untrue from defi- are formed only by an intelligent and ciencies. It is too exclusively glowing comprehensive knowledge of divine and warm. It proves that colour is not truth. A year's affliction may indeed vice, but it almost suggests that it is teach more than the study of a lifetime, virtue ; and we hold that it is neither. but it must be affliction sanctifying a The black man and the white man are previous knowledge ; such knowledge both of them men, degraded and fallen, the negro generally has not, and to exyet preserving the same reliques of their pect maturity of character where it has ancient greatness, requiring the same been withheld is to look for a harvest discipline, and to be perfected by the where we have not sown. The groundsame gradual process of enlightenment less expectation is quickly followed by and influence, both human and divine. disappointment, and disappointment by To make either race less is dishonouring reaction. The black man becomes as to God and unjust to man; to make them unjustly depreciated as he was before more is equally so, though on other unjustly praised. We, in imagination, grounds.
make him more than man, and then reWe are unwilling to say that Mr. Ar- venge ourselves by making him less. mistead has overlooked this fact; but it Whether men are black, or coloured, or has been overlooked, to this extent at white, they have the same nature ; they least, that many have cherished expecta- differ not in the elements of their chations of maturity of character in the racter, but only in the outside materials negro and coloured races, which no pre- that cover them. vious experience of whites will justify, One fact has struck us in reading this and which a little more knowledge of volume. Probably no body has laboured human nature would have corrected. more devotedly for the welfare of
Africans than our own; for the means | American Scenes and Christian Slavery. and instrumentality employed, God has By EBENEZER DAVIES. London: Post also given remarkable success. Some of
8vo. Price 78. 6d. pp. 324. the noblest instances of generous and For many years the author of this intelligent conduct in the black and volume was a missionary at Berbice, and coloured races, have occurred in con- minister of the mission chapel, New nection with some of the churches in Amsterdam. Long residence amid the the West Indies; and yet, we do not re- swamps and under the burning sun of collect a single instance quoted in any Guiana, injured the health of Mrs. Dapart of the volume from records pub- vies to such a degree that she and her lished by our brethren. We do not husband sought its renovation by a blame any one for this omission ; we are voyage at sea, and by “ a tour of four sure that if Mr. Armistead had seen thousand miles in the United States." evidence likely to serve his object, he The voyage and the tour occupied rather would have used it, from whatever more than three months, and one result quarter (provided it were trustworthy) is a book of 324 pages. We learn from it might have come. But the fact illus- the preface that some of the letters trates what we have long felt, that the were published in the Patriot at the great principles, ascertained and defined time, and met with a favourable recepby the experience of fifty years of labour, tion among its readers; and," having have not yet been presented to us in undergone a careful revision,” they are such an attractive form as to excite now republished in the book before us, anything like general interest ; and while the public are requested to form without affirming that missionaries con- their own judgment of the performance nected with our body have absolutely in a literary point of view.” more to say than their brethren, we are In the outset we may as well state sure they must have much to say, if only that the travellers visited New Orleans, because they have said less.
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Baltimore, PhiIt may guide English readers to know ladelphia, New York, Boston, and other that in the West Indies, “ black” is places which we cannot name for want applied only to Africans or the descen- of room. They sailed upon some of dants of Africans ; " coloured," to the those noble rivers which give the New children of all intermarriages between World immense advantages over the black and white or coloured persons; Old. They mixed with American and that creole"
is a name applied citizens on steamers, at hotels, in equally to black, coloured, and white, places of Worship, in public meetings, and means born in the country. It is and in private circles ; and we are not, therefore, a designation of colour, bound to confess, after reading the book as we have often heard it implied, but through with care, that the impression of the locality of birth.
on our own minds is unfavourable both As a whole the book is one of much to the candour and to the magnanimity interest, and from its intrinsic qualities, of the writer. as well as for the value of the object to
Lest any one should misunderstand which the profits are devoted—the the tenor of our remarks, we may as amelioration of the most persecuted and well say that our opposition to slavery, defamed portion of the human family and above all to American slavery, is as we commend it to our readers.
strong as that of Mr. Davies; but with the utmost respect for him and for his office, we submit that the spirit in which
he has animadverted upon the habits, which is capable of seating fifteen hunthe institutions, and the people, of dred people. We suspect he was on America, is not the best way to convince the look out for the negro-pew, rather them of "the great transgression," or than for spiritual blessings-and his to promote the glorious cause of eman- criticisms on
were in cipation.
bad taste, nor can they be justified Mr. and Mrs. Davies sailed from the on the ground of his indignation West Indies in a vessel bound for New against slavery. On the following Orleans, and in fifteen days found day, when he visited the House of themselves ascending the Mississippi, Representatives, then sitting in New and approaching the great mart of Orleans, he found out that the senators, American slavery. They landed in the so far as he could judge from appearmidst of a dreadful storm of thunder ances, were “fitted for any deeds of and rain, and it seems to us, that from robbery, blood, and death.” Then he the moment Mr. Davies set his foot on went into the auction-rooms, and witthat part of the New World, he fell nessed the sale of negroes, and had we into such a bad mood that none of the been with him our own spirit would charmers could charm him, though they have been stirred within us by scenes charmed ever so wisely. When the which ought to make American patriots chaise, which the captain of the vessel and Christians blush for their country. had kindly procured for him, arrived, Tired of the horrid place, Mr. Davies, he and his lady were actually “bundled" at length, turned his back upon it with into it, and the driver was directed to a hearty wish that he might never see an hotel bearing the name of our own it again. martyr of blessed memory. “And now Having got thus far through the began such a course of jolting as we book, we began to think there must had never experienced. It seemed as if have been something in the air of New all the gutters and splash-holes in the Orleans that kept Mr. Davies in a very universe had been collected together ; ungracious mood, and, therefore, we reand we had to drive over the whole. joiced to find him on board the “AngloThis continued about half an hour—the Saxon” steamer, bound for Cincinnati, machine at last stopped, and we alight- a distance of fifteen hundred and fifty ed, thankful to have escaped a complete miles, and one of the free states. Instoppage of breath."
cluding splendid apartments and a well We tender Mr. Davies our congratu- furnished table for twelve days, the lations on bis escape from such perils by voyage cost but twelve dollars for each land, and from the danger of losing his person. This would have made most of breath in the streets of New Orleans. our countrymen good tempered, and we These, however, were but the beginning now felt sure that Mr. Davies would of sorrows and vexations, for on reach- enter in his journal a few sentences in ing the hotel he was compelled to travel praise of the Americans. But, unforup flights of stairs and through lobbies, tunately for our friends on the other to a room numbered 181, in the vi- side of the Atlantic, just as the vessel cinity of the clouds ! There the got under weigh, Mr. Davies incaumissionary and his wife found rest and tiously took up a New Orleans paper, a cup of tea after their long and la- which contained notices of steamboat borious ascent.
explosions, of negroes for sale, and of On the sabbath morning Mr. Davies rewards for the capture of runaway went to the first presbyterian church, slaves. After this, the sail up the river