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Rev. Joan H. HINTON, M.A. London. Rev. JosHUA RUSSELL
Greenwich. Rey. JAMES HOBY, D.D. London. Rey. ISRAEL M. SOULE
Battersea. Rev. DANIEL KATTERNS Hackney. Rev. JAMES SPRIGG, M.A.
Margate. GEORGE Lowe, Esq., F.R.S.
London, Rev. EDWARD STEANE, D.D. Camberwell, Rev. WILLIAM H. MURCH, D.D. London. GEORGE STEVENSON, Esq.
Blackheath. Rev. JAMES P. MURSELL Leicester, Rev. CHARLES STOVEL
London. Rey. ROBERT W, OVERBURY London. Rev. HENRY TREND
Bridgewater, Thomas PEWTRESS, Esq. London, JOSEPH TRITTON, Esq.
London, Jorn L. PHILLIPS, Esq. Melksham, Rev. FREDERICK TRESTRAIL
London. Rev. EDWARD S. PRYCE Gravesend. Rev. JAMES WEBB
Ipswich. Rev. WILLIAM ROBINSON Kettering. Rev. THOMAS WINTER
Bristol Rey, ROBERT ROFF .
Cambridge. EDWARD B. UNDERHILL, Esq. Nailsworth. On the motion of Rev. S. GREEN, seconded by Rev. J. P. MURSELL.
Resolved unanimously,—That W. B. Gurney, Esq., and $. M. Peto, Esq., M.P., be respectfully requested to continue their services as Treasurers for the ensuing year, and that the thanks of the Meeting be presented to them for their past services.
On the motion of the Rev. Dr. Muroa, seconded by Rev. C. M. BIRRELL,
Resolved unanimously,—That the Rev. Joseph Angus, M.A., be respectfully requested to continue his services as Secretary.
On the motion of Rev. JOSEPH ANGUS, M.A., seconded by Rev. D. J. East.
Resolved, That GEORGE Gould, Esq., Charles Jones, Esq., and Thomas HAWKINS, Esq., be auditors for the year ensuing.
On Wednesday Mr. Winslow, of Leamington, preached at Bloomsbury Chapel from Solomon's Song vi. 10, taking occasion to treat of the church as justified, sanctified, and missionary. The service was commenced by Mr. BIRRELL, of Liverpool.
PUBLIC ANNUAL MEETING.
This Meeting was held in Exeter Hall on Thursday the 26th. The Chair was filled by SAMUEL MORTON Pero, Esq., M.P. and Treasurer.
The proceedings were commenced by singing the 575th hymn, after which the Divine blessing was implored by the Rev. Dr. Cox.
The CHAIRMAN addressed the meeting as We should emulate the conduct of those defollows : Dear Christian friends, on the last voted men, who must be regarded as the occasion on which we assembled together in fathers of our mission, in so far as they folthis Hall, on the last anniversary of our lowed Christ, and left us an example to follow Society, a report was presented to you, which in their steps. Let us, dear friends, for a few was not at the time read in all its length, but moments, see how far we are actuated by the which, I trust, you now all possess, and which same principle and the same motives. Those I regard as a most valuable compendium, or fathers of missionary labour of whom I speak, short history of the Society, which you will had but one great object in view—to spread do well to preserve and hand down to your the gospel of Christ among the heathen children's children. There are times when nations. They were animated by untiring it is particularly desirable and necessary that real, by a righteous and hearty consecration we should have especial regard to first prin- of their whole spirit and energies to their ciples—when we should look narrowly into work, and they were supported by the strong the springs of our action, in order to ascertain and undying faith they had in the glorious how far they are in harmony with the motives promises of their God. Let us look back to by which those actions should be guided; and the example of Carey himself, when, in 1792, Ideem this occasion to be one in an especial he was called from the humblest of occupadegree. In the first place, it is necessary that tions--called by the Spirit of God itself to our churches should form their conduct in originate his noble enterprise--we may regard missionary exertion on the model of Christ, him as the unquestionable father of the and in entire accordance with His commands. numerous Christian missions of this country.
When so called to his great work by God's allowed to make one remark, that is, when Spirit, he said, “ If it should please God to we are sometimes engaged in the discussion give me but twenty years more on earth, I of matters of the machinery merely, let us not trust I shall be enabled to give the blessed forget the principles of the Society, nor the word of life to a million of heathens;" and overwhelmingly important objects it has in when we regard the fact, that he was main- view. I for one would never desire to prevent tained for a space of not less than forty-two the fullest and freest discussion on all sub. years in that field of godly labour, which he jects. It is necessary to the existence of our had, under God's blessing, opened for him- missions that we should stand well with our self, and that before he died he had the satis- churches; and, unless we have their cofaction of seeing, and of himself originating operation throughout the length and breadth and carrying out, the translation of God's of the land, which, after the blessing of God word to millions of the people of the East, I on our labours, is most essential, we cannot think we cannot but look upon this mission expect to prosper. If we are not animated as the work of the Lord. And when we re by their prayers, supported by their exertions, member, that for many years the government and receiving their advice, what can we exsystematically prohibited the preaching of the pect? Let it be understood, once for all, word to the nations of India; that, until the that your Committee are simply the repreyear 1807, the distribution of the scriptures, sentatives of your churches; and, unless they or of religious tracts, was prevented by law, feel themselves to be such, and act in a corand the preaching of the word restricted, responding spirit, they are not worthy of their except by their own ordained preachers, -and position. I will now refer, for a moment, to that, by an ordinance of the government, the subject to which I have alluded, in order Carey was actually forbidden to set his foot that it may not be referred to again. It did on ladian ground—when we remember these occur to the minds of some old and dear things, and consider what, in spite of all this friends on the Committee, that, seeing the opposition, was done, who can fail to perceive position in which the Society was placed in the finger of God? Where was Carey all regard to holding its property in foreiga this time? All those present who are ac-lands, and in regard to the great expense quainted with the history of this mission, which was occasioned by every change of will, no doubt, find a ready answer to this trustees, a plan might be adopted, under question ; but to those who are not, it may which the Committee (who are annually not be superfluous that I should state, that elected) might be made the perpetual trustees fourteen miles from Calcutta was a small of the iety. The question was brought settlement belonging to the Danish govern- under discussion, and was considered by the ment, which has since been purchased for a Committee; it was, however, never put by trifling sum by this country, and that, in this the chairman for the adoption or rejection of little country, Carey found refuge and safety; the Committee ; but most of our brethren felt and, though the demand was made, to their that, before deciding, they would desire to bonour be it said, that the Danish govern- have the opinion of other friends of the denoment refused to give him up; their reply was, mination, and they found that many of the “He is a Danish subject while on Danish old friends of the Society considered such a ground, and entitled to all the rights and im- plan undesirable. The Committee felt, theremunities of Danish laws." And while we fore, that they had no other course to adopt honour the spirit that promoted this decision, than, rather than divide the Society, themI ask, can we fail to trace the finger of God, selves put an end to the subject ; and a resowhich gave to the authorities in that settle- lution was unanimously passed, that it be not ment the courage to return such an answer, further entertained. At our meeting on and thus to form, as it were, another land of Tuesday last, the subject was again consi. Goshen, in the midst of that Egypt, for the dered ; and I feel it my duty to convey to you father of our mission ? And do allow me to the impression on my mind, that the way in say further, that these are essential reasons which the subject was considered, was highly why we should now have recourse to first honourable to the Christian feeling of those principles and the motives of our actions. who differed from each other, all of whom
I inust now refer, for a moment, to a subject I left the meeting bound and knit up together would rather not allude to, but which, not in feelings of Christian charity, brotherhood, being mentioned in the Report of the Com- and love. mittee, I feel I ought, as one of your tred- Now let me refer for a moment to another surers, to make some mention of, as many subject, which, since I have been conwho are present will, I have no doubt, expect nected with the Society, has pressed much some information in reference to it. You are on my attention. I feel that, somehow or aware, my dear friends, that during the past other, we have not that amount of support year a discussion of somewhat a public from, and identification with, the different character has been carried on in regard to churches throughout the length and breadth some parts of the machinery of this Society; of the land, which we ought to have. I and, in speaking to this point, I must be believe that to be the fault, in a great mea
sure, of the churches themselves. I think it lessening the number of the stations, so as to bring might be entirely obviated by every Christian them within the bounds of your present income, church determining that it would, under all the pressing demands that Providence is putting on circumstances, communicate, at least once in us.-W. CAREY." every two months, with some one missionary. That there should be an understanding-a
“Don't fear the money," said Pearce to routine laid down, as to the mode in which Carey, “ God is for us, and the silver and the such communications should be kept up gold are his, and so are the hearts of all that That the church should communicate, in a have it. I will see the churches from Land's letter of fraternal Jove, with the missionaries, End to, Orkney, and we shall get money assuring them of their fraternal love-of their enough.” Now, let us strive to emulate the sympathy, and their prayers. I am sure that spirit of these the first founders of our mission. our missionary labourers would receive such Let us be actuated by the same entire zeal, communications with heartfelt satisfaction, and the same identification with the cause, the that they would tend to elevate their spirits, same hearty desire for the salvation of keep alive their zeal, and make the churches the heathen, and with the same strong feeling themselves feel more identified with she mis- of the inestimable value of their immortal sionary work; and what I feel to be of still souls, and we shall have no occasion to say greater value, it would support the sinking any thing to you as to the condition of our spirits of our friends abroad. I have conferred funds, nor will you have cause to regret the with many of our missionaries, and they have position of our Society. often told me that the greatest affliction they
Before I sit down, I will refer, for a few feel in their absence from their native land, is moments, to the subject of Jamaica. I have the want of such communications, and such felt, as I am sure you must all do, an intense assurances of sympathy and support, on the interest in the position of the suffering church part of their Christian brethren at home. of that suffering country. You know all Let me refer to the letter of a dear friend of the circumstances that led us to feel that wo mine, connected not with us, but with the were not justified in accepting the proposition established church. Some friends at home which was made to us,- you know well, that, had sent him four numbers of a religious by diverting the funds to other purposes periodical, and this act called forth the follow. than those to which they were pledged, we ing letter from the absent missionary, dated should be inflicting a great injury on, and September, 1848.
endanger the prosperity of, the Society. But "My dear Sir,-Pray tell me if you are the same
it is the duty of the church, in connexion anonymous benefactor who had time to think of and with the mission, without infringing on the gladden me with the first four numbers. What a general funds, to aid, in every possible way, hand which posted that periodical for me in secret, There is a most valuable institution in that treat for a transport! Whosoever the unknown their suffering brethren in Christ abroad. the Lord will reward him openly; for truly he has refreshed my soul in the Lord.' 'That publication island (Jamaica), whose object is to train has worked on my broken mind like a healing well up young men, and qualify them for the mion invalids. They go for a season to a cure place, nistry; and last night only I received a letter perusing those pamphlets, got quite sprightly
enough from Joshua Tinson, dated Rio Bueno, Jato stand the dreariness of years of banishment." maica. He says: I believe, also, dear friends, that a most
“The students are well, and, if I mistake not, valuable result would be obtained in the progressing in piety, while they continue cheerfully reflex influence such communications would and successfully to pursue their studies. That we bave on the churches themselves. I believe can find young black and coloured men in our that our funds would feel the benefit, and, their studying for the ministry, is no longer a matter
churches, of sufficient capacity and religion to justify for my part, I always feel that funds produced for inquiry. The question now is-Shall such enjoy. by free and spontaneous goodwill, are far by the continuance of this Institution, those ad more valuable ihan such as are obtained by gent and respectable teachers of their fellow-men:
vantages that shall enable them to become intelliappeals on the ground of our distressed posi- or shall this work cease, for the want of two of tion. If we had the sympathy, the hearty three hundred a-year? I am quite aware that it support and love, and the true Christian feel may be said, perhaps many say, The Institution
should be sustained, but it ought to be done by the ing of the various churches of the country churches in Jamaica ; England has enough to do, with us, we should never want for funds. claims are coming from all quarters. India, Africa, Let me refer to a letter from Carey himself China, France, Canada, and elsewhere, besides the to Dr. Ryland, as showing that the same and increasing societies, political, civil, and relle
continual demands for carrying on the increased feeling actuated him. Many persons were gious,
in the parent land." All this I fully admit, then urging that some of the missionary sta- but the admission effects nothing-our churches tions should be abandoned in consequence of cannot do what they did formerly. The people ibe insufficiency of funds; and, in answer to but it is indeed little they get. The pay for ablea communication on this subject, Carey then bodied men varies from 1s. 3d. to od. a-day, in some writes,
places only 6d.; and for that they have often to wait
for weeks, then get paid in dribblets, and, not an"Dear brother Ryland, -1 entreat, I implore you frequently, are never paid; and if we get no help not to think of the petty shopkeeping plan of out of Jamaica, we must give up, even with our
present limited number of students. As I have tal; but this could not be the case with this said before, into debt 1 cannot go to have always Society. The cause of Christianity was un. as I see its crushing, withering influence on some changing and undying. It had remained the of my brethren. Myself, I ask nothing; I want same amid revolutions of literature, of science, nothing; I have bread enough, and sometimes a of arts, and amid the destruction of the mouthful to spare for the poor and destitute
And though, by the time I have met strongest governments of the most powerful the necessary expenses of this establishment (ex- nations of the world : he could not, therefore, penses much larger than I should ever dream of for a moment conceive but that this Society, incurring, were it not for the position. I am in; based as it was on Christian principle, must go doctor's bills, I find a cause for gratitude in my on to the end conquering and to conquer. wife's economy, that makes my home happy, and Christianity might not be in course of adkeeps me out of debt. It is true that my death vancement for a time; but if so, it would be would leave her and my child
utterly destitute ; but like the mighty flood, which, though impeded have no concern about riches, seeing that God does for a brief space, would ere long force down tion I do feel intensely, it has my unceasing soli sistible, in spite of all impediments. not give us power to get wealth. For the Institu: all barriers, and spread forth with force irre
He besort of a beggar I should make for myself, for the lieved that although a dark cloud might rest College I can do and beg.
upon their Society, yet the obstacles with "Your obliged and grateful friend in the gospel which they were met would only be transient of Christ, “S. M. Peto, Esq., M.P."
and temporary, they would soon be dissipated
-the cloud would disperse, and the Society I am sure you will say with me, that this would prosper, so that they would have two must not be allowed to continue. Through missionaries where they had now only one, our instrumentality, and under God's blessing, who would go among the people preaching the church has been established in Jamaica, the unsearchable love of Christ. That Soand, as will be seen by the Report, in the ciety, originated by their now sainted fathers state of prosperity in which it now is. What and friends, whose memory was ever fragrant, I ask of you is, to bear in mind, as far as you and who were now looking down from heaven, can, and as far as you have the opportunity, watching the manner in which they were to minister to their necessities, and aid their promoting its object—that Society must never schools, and especially aid this valuable In- be permitted to stop in its onward progress. stitution in sending among them intelligent Many of the best and choicest spirits in their and able ministers of their own country. I church had gone to a labour of love among feel that I have detained you too long, but I the heathen. Many of them had only gone trust you will allow the importance of the out to find a speedy' grave. Many had gone subject to be my apology.
to spend the future of their life in His cause, The Report, a copy of which appeared in and had been called upon to leave their bones our last, was then read by the Rev. J. Angus. in the soil. Many had spent their early
youth, and the strength of their manhood, in The Rev. NATHANIEL HAYCROFT, M.A., of a far country, and had been permitted to reBristol, moved the first resolution, to the fol- turn to their native home with shattered lowing effect :
health. Yates slept beneath the deep, and That this meeting fully recognizes the duty and Knibb was lamented by ten thousand of the privilege of Christians to employ all scriptural Africans in the West Indies. There was not means for the diffusion of the gospel of Jesus Christ a mission where some of their fathers or their throughout the world; and hails, with thankfulness to the God of all grace, the labours and success of brothers had not been interred, around whose the Baptist Missionary Society and of kindred Insti- tombs thousands would gather to bless their
memories, and pray for the love of the God of It seemed that, during the past year, the the missionary. Women-kind and gentle expenditure of the Society had exceeded by women, too, had gone forth with their bus. £3800 its income, and that there was a pre- bands to minister in heathen places. Many vious debt, still unpaid, of about £1100, of them had expected to find a home, where leaving a balance of £4900. This was a they and their husbands had only found a painful circumstance in the Society's history, grave. Others had been permitted to return and one that demanded a careful and attentive to their native land, but it was only as regard, as to the causes which they might widows, with fatherless children claiming and conceive had contributed to so painful and obtaining the sympathies of all Christians. lamentable a result. It could not be that were those holy men, and those kind and there was any thing in their objects or gentle women, to be withdrawn from their operations which indicated approaching fee- labours in God's holy cause ? No. If their bleness or old age, or that such a work was Society were to fail, it never could be in likely ever to die. He had heard it said by London, whose merchants were as princes in physicians, that when a man had continued the earth. It could not be that their Society in robust health until he arrived at fifty or had failed to interest the public mind from sixty years of age, about that period he might their want of success. Hitherto every report expect a rap-a memento that he was mor- had been a triumph. The seed had been
scattered abroad, it bad germinated, and was larized; still the difficulty remained-still now growing up, and would soon produce the Society was in want of funds. In order goodly fruit, to the praise and glory of God. to remedy this material defect, some counIn Jamaica 30,000 members testified to the selled that the Society should give up some faithfulness of their missionaries; in Central of their fields of labour. Now, would those India they had 2000 out of the millions of who give such advice be good enough to that country, who testified to the truth as it is point out which of their fields of labour they in Jesus. 'In all countries, wherever their would be content to give up-which was to missionaries went, they had made their thou- be the one resigned ? Should they give up sands of Christians. Sixty thousand of the India—the scene of their first missionary laheathen had been converted and added to the bours- the field in which Carey had triumphed various churches of the Society. Now, if India, where so many had been brought to that alone were the result of their labours, a knowledge of the Lord Jesus-were they to still it proved that the public interest was not give up India, with its thousands and millions withdrawn from the Society for want of suc- who were yet in darkness, and leave them cess. Want of success! Look at the circu- utterly to perish? No, it was impossible ; lation of the blessed word of God which had the eldest born of the Society could never bé taken place-upwards of one million copies resigned. Should they, then, give up Africa of the blessed book had been circulated under -Africa, to which Great Britain stood more the auspices of the Society-schools had been indebted than to any other country in the world? established in all lands—the practice of the England owed a fearful debt to the sable suttee had been abolished, and their Society inhabitants of Africa ; was it a proper way to must go on until superstition had been utterly repay that debt, by abandoning them to the routed from the earth; it must be broken in grossest idolatry and superstition ; were they to pieces, and great would be the fall thereof. give up their youngest born, the very BenjaIt was not, then, for want of success that the min of the Society's missions? Oh, never ! public interest had been withdrawn from Were they to withdraw from the West India them, for God had indeed abundantly blessed islands ? Thirty thousand converts to Jesus their labours in the field. There must be no told them they must not. Was it to be talk of the return of any of their missionaries; Canada, where the ancestors of those now on the contrary, every thing called for an in- forming the Society had established the crease in their energy and earnestness. So Word ? No! no!--they could not afford to far from lessening their forces, they required resign any one of their fields of labour--they to multiply them, for God had greatly added would not give up one of their missionary to their field of labour. China had been stations. The thought was not from heaven opened up; but, to the disgrace of the baptist -- it did not emanate from the mind of mancommunity, they had not a missionary there. he need not more particularly allude to whence Africa, benighted Africa, ought to have its it originated; he left that to be solved by the thousands of workers in God's vineyard, in judgment of the meeting. What, a Christian place of only tens. The continent of Europe community turning back from a field of labour ought to be filled with their missionaries, as in God's vineyard ! At such a scene infidelity well as Brittany. On all hands there was a itself would cry shame, and the whole church loud cry, “ Come over and help us." There would stand appalled. It was said that there could be no cause assigned for the apparent was a decline in the religious feeling of the want of confidence in the Society founded on people,-that the number of conversions was the want of success. While considering the diminishing. He questioned whether the desubject, he had been naturally led to consider cline in missionary effort was not the cause of and examine the remedies which had been the decline of religion. When the primitive proposed for that state of things which existed. church went forth to preach the unsearchable Some said the Society must retrench their riches of Christ, that was the richest time of expenditure both at home and abroad—that religious feeling which the church ever knew, it must diminish its working expenses, and The missionary spirit, when it burned brightly, reduce the salaries and allowances of the re-acted upon the church. This Society, like missionaries to the lowest possible amount, many of a kindred nature, had been threatened Why, that had been the practice of the Com- with peculiar obstacles. The brethren would mittee for many years past. The expenditure recollect that only a short time ago, the Lonof the Society had been reduced to the lowest don Missionary Society was groaning under possible amount for a long period ; and as to the oppressions which had been inflicted upon the salaries of the missionaries, those good them in Taheite. Well, Providence had taken brethren might be said to exist--to vegetate, the retribution in its own hands. The instru. rather than to live by the preaching of the ment which then employed itself in torturing blessed gospel. Others, again, urged refor- a woman in Taheite, was soon after compelled mation; they said the system of management to fly a fugitive from his throne. Ai Fermust be altered-must be popularized. Well, nando Po, the great enemy which the church that had been done. The system of manage had to encounter was popery. Wherever ment had been altered—it had been popu- their missionaries went, there they found