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whether one field should be abandoned, and An article in the Christian Review for carry on the other missions more efficiently,
all the resources of the board be applied to March last contains a compendium of inform-or all should be continued and all be susation respecting the foreign missions of our tained but feebly. And this we may remark brethren in the United States, of which it is the question constantly forced upon the will gratify many of our readers that we Executive Committee. Instead of being left should avail ourselves.
free to survey the whole field, to see where
there are openings in divine Providence for INADEQUACY OF MISSIONARY FUNDS. them to enter in, and reap, and gather fruit This brings us to the consideration of unto life eternal, they are constantly forced another subject, of deeper and more painful to inquire where the field may be narrowed interest, that came before the board, viz., the down, or from what parts their forces may be expediency of reinforcing, or abandoning withdrawn with the least loss, as an alternaaltogether the Teloogoo mission. This mis- tive to leaving all the stations to suffer from sion was commenced by brother Day in 1836. the inadequacy of labourers and of support. In consequence of the early and continued Surely something is wrong somewhere. sickness of the brother who was sent several Either there is want of economy in the exyears later to his aid, he has laboured in it penditures of the board, or the demand made single-handed, with the exception of a few upon the churches is unreasonable, or there native assistants, till 1846, when ill health is guilt on their part in not responding to the compelled him also to return to this country. call more liberally. To ascertain where the Having recovered his health, and being de- fault lies was another subject that occupied sirous to return, it became necessary to settle the attention of the board. The executive the question, whether he should resume his committee made a full and minute exposé of labours among the Teloog or be transferred all their home and foreign expenditures, and to some other field. This question, however, committees of the board were appointed to arose not for want of a wide and effectual door examine and report upon them. They reopened before him, not for want of a pro- ported, that in neither could they find any mising field of labour, not that the claims of unnecessary expenditure-in neither could the perishing millions were not pressing and they discover any place where retrenchment urgent, not because there is no encouragement could be made without injury and peril to the to labour, but simply because the state of enterprize.* the funds is such as to compel retrenchment
But in the paper submitted by the home somewhere. * Hence the question arose, corresponding secretary, the seat of the diffi
culty, we think, was discovered.
We have read that document with deep The Teloogoo country extends 700 or 800 miles interest, and we wish it might be read, and along the western coast of the Bay of Bengal, and pondered by all our church members. Not the Teloogoo language is 10,000,000. The Nellare for the purpose of finding out the average district (the seat of the Teloogoo mission) contains there given of what is actually paid, and to 2,000,000 of people. They are considered one of make that the measure of their future donamale population can read. The climate is healthful. tions. We fear many will do this, and men The protection of life, liberty, and property, is en who ought to pay their five or ten dollars tire. There is no hindrance to missionary labour, will satisfy their consciences with paying the except from caste. Missionaries are not received into private houses, but may preach without molest- average of sixty-seven cents. But we hope ation in the streets to audiences of from twenty-five the design of this document will not be thus to one hundred easily collected. Religious instruc- perverted. tion may also be given in schools without offence. Missionaries could have any number of pupils under
There are facts brought to light in it that their immediate instruction or general superinten- ought to arouse us all to action. They show dence. Add to this that the language has been ac- to how small an extent the resources of the quired, the field explored, the bibie translated, the denomination have as yet been developed in truth widely spread abroad by preaching and by the distribution of the scriptures and of tracts; that
the cause of missions. there are three faithful native assistants, a Christian church, and five flourishing schools ready to welcome * The whole homo expenditure, including the the missionary back to his chosen field of labour, salaries of secretaries, treasurer, agents, the and each of these items becoines a weighty argu- travelling expenses of retired missionaries, publicament against abandoning so promising a field. It tions, rent, postage interest, &c., was 12,806 dollarg was voted in the meeting of the Union to instruct and 92 cents. In the foreign department the esti. the committee to continue and reinforce tho migsion. mated expense is 93,000 dollars.
In the sixteen States and Territories | This alone would give 50,000 dollars, a sum known as the home field of the Missionary sufficient to relieve the board from all emUnion, there are not far from 3,500 baptist | barrassment, and give them the means of churches, with 285,000 members ; and, after reinforcing the missions and enlarging the deductingthe sums received from government, sphere of their operations, as the desires of co-ordinate societies, officers' fund, maya- their own hearts and the providences of God zine, in legacies, donations from Canada and evidently dictate. Or does any one doubt other places not included in the above field, the ability of the present contributors to inthere was paid into the treasury last year crease their average from sixty-seven cents to 77,473 dollars, 46 cents,-an average of one dollar, which would give us nearly the about twenty-five dollars to each church, and same result? of twenty-seven cents to each member. But In whatever light we view the subject, it it has been ascertained from the most reliable is evident that could the resources of the data within our reach that thirty individuals, churches be developed, there would be no the average of whose contributions was 123 want of means to carry forward our missiondollars each, and individuals in ten churches, ary operations vigorously and efficiently. whose donations were an average of nearly The obligation resting upon them to do this 1670 dollars to each church, and of four is urged by the wants of the perishing mildollars to each member, gave more than one- lions of the earth, by the whitening fields all fourth of the amount of donations paid into ready for the harvest; by the providences of the treasury last year. The balance of the God that are opening the way for the missecond fourth came from individuals in sixty sionary of the cross to all the nations of the other churches, the average of whose contri- earth, by the political changes going on in butions was 310 dollars to each church, and Europe, all rendering more imperative their one dollar to each member. Including the demand for the gospel, and by the command contributions of such persons as are not of our risen Lord, to go into all the world members of churches, and of 200 individuals and preach the gospel to every creature. God who gave an average of ten dollars each, has removed every outward obstacle that without designating their membership, the stood in the way, and given to the church of third fourth came from 130 churches, each the present generation every possible facility paying 100 dollars or upwards, and averaging for obeying this command. No obstacle refifty cents to each of their members. Three- mains but her own covetousness and inactivity. fourths of the whole amount of donations Will she therefore be guiltless, if that compaid into the treasury last year, then, came mand remains unfulfilled, and, as a consefrom individuals not members of churches, quence, the millions of the present generation 230 persons supposed to belong to churches are left to perish for lack of vision ? But if not named, and about 200 churches embrac- such be the claims of a perishing world, and ing less than 50,000 members. Every mem- such the ability of the churches, by what ber of a few of these churches contributes means can the resources of the denomination annually, at least, to your treasury; but it is be developed ? This also was a question with not believed that two-thirds of all the mem- the board. The report says :bers did so last year. So much of the first « Finally, if it be admitted that the three-fourths as was given by members of our ability and the obligations are such as to call churches may be regarded as an average, for the proposed enlargement of our foreign therefore, of about 1 dollar, 90 cents to each missionary resources, the increased expendicontributor.
ture must be, moreover, warranted by the The last fourth came from among the available and reliable agencies to be employed remaining 250,000 members of, perhaps, in the collection of funds. What, then, are 3,300 churches. Shall we say a sufficient the means through which this work may be number gave something to make an average accomplished ? for the year of 15 dollars to each contribut- * The Union publishes two monthly ing church, and of 20 cents to each contri- periodicals, employs eight collecting agents, buling member? Even then the noncontri- has one secretary, whose time is occupied in butors in our home field would be 2000 labours connected with supplying the treasury, churches, and nearly 175,000 members ! and avails itself of the occasional aid of reAnd were the whole amount of donations to turned missionaries. But it is not probable be divided by the whole number of contribu- that this number of individuals visit more tors, the average would be no more than 50 than 1200 churches within any year. The dollars to each contributing church, and 67 remaining 2300 churches may be informed of cents to each contributing member.
the progress and necessities of the missions In view of such facts can any one doubt through the correspondence and publications that the amount of contributions to the cause of the board; but however great the value of of missions might be vastly increased ? Does information thus given when combined with any doubt that the two thousand churches, timely and thorough individual effort, it canwho last year paid nothing, might give upon not alone be relied upon to induce every an average twenty-five dollars to each church? member of every church to make annual
contributions that shall be “according to his , of education into further consideration, and to ability;". With the knowledge of what is adopt such steps in the matter as they may needed, truer conceptions must be formed of deem proper." the nature and extent of Christian steward- Mr. Dendy was appointed convener of the ship, and systems for the collection of funds committee. must be devised and faithfully executed." A meeting of the said committee having been
This, with the present measure of mis- convened for the 15th March, at which all sionary information, and the present type of the members were present, the following piety in the churches, is unquestionably true. statement and appeal to the friends of educaWe can readily conceive of a state of things tion in Great Britain was unanimously that would supersede the necessity, to a great adopted, and ordered to be consigned to the extent, of collecting agencies, and save the care of the Rev. Dr. King, who it was expense of them to the board. Let every hoped would kindly take charge of it, and pastor inform himself, so as to be prepared to make such use of it as he might deem best. communicate all necessary information to his people; let him press the claims of the mis
To the Friends of Education in Great
Britain, sionary enterprize upon them, and see that each member has an opportunity to contribute Allow us, esteemed friends, on behalf of to this object; and then let there be a piety the missionaries sent out to this island, or in the church promptly to respond to this otherwise recognized by the United Presbycall upon its benevolence, and a large part of terian and the London and Baptist Missionary the 13,000 dollars of home expenditure might Societies, to lay before you a brief statement be saved, to be expended directly in preach- relative to the present condition and future ing the gospel to the heathen. But till this prospects of the cause of voluntary education is the case such agencies must be continued in Jamaica, and to found upon it an appeal, and multiplied, or our missions must continue which we hope will elicit your kindest sympato languish for want of support. But we do thies for us in the trying circumstances in not despair of seeing a much nearer approx. which we are placed, and draw forth your imation to the right state of things in this efficient aid. respect than we bave yet witnessed. The Convinced of the immense importance of number of missionary pastors is increasing. imparting to the children of the peasantry a There is evidently an increasing dissatisfaction sound and scriptural education, we and our with the state of things that requires so much brethren have for many years endeavoured to of the resources of the churches for benevo- maintain day-schools in connexion with our lent enterprize to be expended in agencies to congregations; and though the good which persuade them to do their duty. And many has resulted from these mission schools has of our pastors have discovered, and are not been all that we could have wished, we applying the true remedy, by introducing have reason to bless God for wbat he has into their respective churches a system of permitted us to accomplish. Many of the benevolent effort that is superseding this ne- scholars have, as we believe, been prevented cessity. And we trust the number of such from pursuing a course of open sin, in which pastors will increase, till the field now culti- it is more than probable they would have vated shall bring forth its fruit spontaneously; indulged but for the instruction and training and though the number of agents may not be which they have received, numbers have diminished, they may be left free to go into obtained such an amount of secular education other fields more barreri
, and call forth the as has better fitted them for a proper attend. resources of other churches, which have as ance to the duties of their worldly callings ; yet done nothing in the missionary cause. and while many thousands have been taught
to read intelligibly those scriptures which are,
under the Divine blessing, able to make them JAMAICA.
wise unto salvation, not a few bave, as we
bumbly hope and believe, been gathered into EDUCATION OF THE PEASANTRY.
the fold of Christ. At a meeting of ministers and laymen of The funds by which these schools have the three denominations, Baptist, Indepen. been supported have been drawn from various dents, and Presbyterians, held in Falmouth, sources. In some instances they were sup15th February, 1849, the following resolution plied by the societies with which the missionwas unanimously adopted :
aries were severally connected, in others by Moved by the Rev. Cieorge Blyth, seconded grants from educational bodies and donations by the Rev. James Milne, and resolved, from benevolent individuals in the parent
* That uid in promoting the cause of edu- country, while in a great number of cases the cation be accepted from voluntary sources teacher looked to the pastor, who alone was only, and that the Revs. Walter Dendy, responsible for his salary, and it was frequently Benjamin B. Dexter, T. H. Clark, James found that the amount paid to the one was Milne, George Blyth, and Peter Anderson in fact so much deducted from the necessary be appointed a committee to take the subject support of the other.
What, then, it may be asked, has been are there many of us who have always held done with the school fees? We answer, that exactly the same views as we now entertain. even in seasons of the greatest prosperity, Experience, observation, and continued in. they have proved quite insufficient for the quiry have brought us by different steps to support of the teacher. Nor need this be a
our present position, and we bave almost matter of surprise. Uneducated and ignorant unanimously come to the determination not to as the emancipated classes generally were, it receive any government aid whatever. was impossible for them properly to appreciate To you, then, esteemed friends, would we the value of instruction, and hence the parents most respectfully, but most earnestly appeal, to not unfrequently grudged the small sum de- aid us in our work of faith and labour of love, manded for the education of their offspring. If ever it was important that the rising genera
It might have been expected that assistance tion of the African race should be religiously in carrying on so excellent a work would educated, it is especially so now. Through have been obtained from the middle and the munificence of the British nation, they higher classes of the inhabitants, but we are blessed with the inestimable boon of regret to state that, with very few exceptions, perfect and entire freedom, but what will this those who possess the ability have afforded us avail if they be still left in the depths of no aid.
ignorance ? Left a prey to their own unre. In ordinary, or even in the most prosperous strained passions, it is to be feared that their times, it was with very great difficulty that course will be marked by licentiousness, some of us could maintain our schools with violence, heathenism, and every species of all the help which was so kindly afforded crime, and will terminate only in endless from Great Britain. It may, therefore, be despair. The cause of universal emancipa. readily concluded that if bereft of that aid, tion, instead of being advanced, as was fondly and that too in a season of deep and universal hoped by their good conduct, will be retarded, depression, our difficulties would be materially and millions of their brethren will still sit in increased, or rather, that in many cases we darkness and the shadow of death, bound in should be obliged entirely to suspend opera- affliction and iron. Instead of bands of holy tions. This, we lament to state, is now the men, going forth continually from this island,
While we have have had to grieve as we anticipated, to evangelize the land of over a sad declension of piety in our churches, their fathers, Africa must still be neglected by and a consequent unwillingness to subscribe her emancipated children, and ber unre. so liberally as formerly to the support of their deemed myriads sink by successive generareligious institutions, we have sufficient proof tions into the pit of woe, crying “ No man that in many instances, where the will io do cared for our souls." so exists, there is no longer the ability. The But let the means of education be afforded low price of colonial produce in the home and used in humble dependence upon the markets, the consequent abandonment of some Divine blessing, and how gloriously will the estates, and the general reduction of wages picture be changed. Jamaica shall blossom where cultivation is still carried on, together as the rose, and become as the garden of the with a destructive rot similar to that of the Lord. Her beneficial influence shall be felt potato, among the cocoes, one of the staple in the surrounding islands, and in both the articles of food, have brought the community Americas, till into a state of comparative poverty. At this most critical point of our history, when we
"Slavery itself shall pass away,
And be a tale of yesterday." stand more deeply in need of sympathy and assistance than at any former period, we are Africa, so long robbed, and peeled, and spoiled, sorry to observe that not only have private shall be frequently visited by ships from these friends withdrawn their wonted aid, but even islands of the west, freighted with the messenthe missionary societies, for the most part, are gers of peace, who shall diffuse the light of truth reluctantly compelled to curtail, or suspend through her dark places, till her habitations of their former support. As a necessary result, cruelty shall be universally transformed into many of our schools are already closed, others, the abodes of peace, and righteousness, and if we be left to ourselves, must shortly be dis- holy joy. continued, while in some this will be pre- Let it not be thought we are too sanguine vented only by the missionary adding to his in our hopes as to the results of the diffusion already too numerous and oppressive engage- of scriptural knowledge. In the partial sucments, the labours of the schoolmaster. This cess with which it has already pleased the has already been done to the partial neglect great Head of the church to bless our humble of other important duties.
labours, and the promises which he has left We do not expect, esteemed friends, that on record, we have an earnest, a pledge, that You will ask why we have uot applied for all we have written shall take place, if the government assistance ; but, as the question means be afforded and we prove true to our. may be proposed by others, we would antici. selves and to Him. Have not a few, as pate and answer it. Opinions have varied pioneers of the army of the Prince of peace, widely among us on this vexed question, nor already gone forth to Africa from the midst of us to prepare the way of the Lord, and make | James William Lance was publicly recogbis paths straight. Whether they shall be nized as pastor of the baptist church at sustained in their efforts, and the work of Houghton Regis, Beds. The Rev. J. J. conquest shall go on from this time until the Davies of Luton read and prayed, after which glorious change to which we have adverted the Rev. D. Gould of Dunstable delivered be complete, or whether that work shall be an introductory discourse; the Rev. J. Hirons left for another generation, depends, under of Luton proposed the usual inquiries, and God, esteemed friends, upon you and upon followed the statements of the new pastor us. If we will unitedly work for God, He with appropriate remarks; the Rev. Andrew will prosper our labours. If we refuse, He G. Fuller of Evesham offered prayer for the will raise up others who will be more faithful pastor, who was subsequently addressed by and consequently more successful. Be it the Rev. Joshua Russell of Greenwich from yours, then, out of your competency or your 1 Tim. iv. 16. The service was closed with abundance, to pour the silver and the gold prayer by the Rev. J. Wood. into His treasury to whom they belong, and In the evening, after reading and prayer ours, with faith and joy, to see that they are by the Rev. James Andrews of Woburn, a so employed as to bring the greatest possible sermon was addressed to the church and conrevenue of glory to His name. Let us, then, gregation by the Rev. A. G. Fuller from unitedly, " in the morning sow our seed, and Tim. i. 5. The Rev. P. Saffery concluded in the evening withhold not our hand, since the interesting services of the day with we know not whether shall prosper, either this prayer. or that, or whether they both shall be alike Although the weather was most unpropigood."
tious, the chapel was crowded with several Contributions will be thankfully received hundreds of attentive hearers. The church by the secretaries of our respective societies, at Houghton was one of the many established and duly acknowledged through the mediuin in this county by Bunyan. of our missionary publications. (Signed) George Blytu, Presbyterian minis
The Rev, John Jordan Davies, late of
the Rev. Henry Burgess.
Mrs. Rees was born in London, in 1811. In the year 1845, the Rev. James Blair, She was the child of pious parents, and the evangelist of the Baptist Union of Scotland, youngest of four surviving children. Her came to labour in Leith. He continued only father, Thomas Curtis, Esq., of Paddington, a few months. When he left, the work was was for many years a meraber of the church taken up by the students of the Theological under the pastoral care of the late Rev. Academy, Edinburgh, at the expence of the James Upton, Blackfriars. He was a man Union. As little good, however, appeared to of eminent piety. He died in the year 1821, result from these labours, the brethren in / when the subject of this memoir was only ten Leith resolved to form themselves into a years old. Young as she was, the active and church, with the hope that in this capacity, cheerful piety, the fervent prayers, and and with one statedly ministering among especially the peaceful and happy death of them, the word of life-the work of God- her beloved parent left deep impressions upon would prosper in their hands. Accordingly her mind, which exerted a salutary influence they were, on sabbath, 3rd of June, organ upon her character through life. It was not, ized into a church by the Rev. Francis John- however, till the year 1830 that she appears ston of Edinburgh. Mr. Johnston on the to have experienced a decided change of occasion chose for his text, Psalm xlviii. 12, heart. During a season of bodily affliction, and entered fully into an exposition of the she became intensely anxious about her nature and constitution of a Christian church. eternal interests. For some weeks her mind
The brethren are seven in number, includ- was oppressed with the most gloomy and ing John Pearson, A.M., whom they have distressing apprehensions; a sense of her obtained as their minister in holy things. sinful and ruined condition filled her with
terror, and, for a season, she refused to be ORDINATIONS.
comforted. Upon her partial recovery, she became a hearer of the late Dr. Andrews of
Walworth, under whose ministry she was On Thursday, May 17, 1849, the Rev. mercifully led to the true source of peace, VOL. XII.--POURTI SERIES.