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DEPARTURE OF THE “ DOVE” FOR WESTERN AFRICA. Our readers will see on the other side a view of the “ Dove" starting from Gravesend for Fernando Po. It was intended that she should leave about the 1st of December, but through an accident in anchoring at Gravesend she was obliged to put back into dock, where she was detained for a week in order to be repaired. The accident was in her rigging and spars only, and the expense will not fall on the Society.
She left Gravesend on Friday, Dec. 8, having on board Captain and Mrs. Milbourne, Mr. and Mrs. Newbegin, Mrs. Saker, and Mr. and Mrs. Yarnold-the latter going out to Fernando Po as teachers. The presence of these brethren will be warmly hailed by the missionaries who are already in the field; and we trust that the Great Head of the churcli will give them a speedy and prosperous voyage.
It may interest our friends to know that the “Dove" takes out a new and valuable printing press for Bimbia-a special gift of friends in Scotland and Norfolk, through Mr. Newbegin. She also takes out a small sugar mill, the gift of Mr. Peto. A large quantity of stores and provisions is also sent out for the use of the mission. Two Fernandians and a native of the Eboe country are among the crew.
When our brethren teach the field of their labour the Society will have in Africa, including the wives of missionaries, eleven European agents and eight native preachers and teachers.
Since 1841 the bread fruit tree, the poinegranate, the mango, the avocado pear, and the mammed-productions of great value, and all suitable to the climate, have been introduced by our brethren ; garments sufficient to clothe not less than 20,000 persons have been distributed; many hundreds of the natives—it may be said thousands have received medical assistance, three principal stations have been established ; and about eighty persons have been baptized. An Introduction to the Fernandian tongue has been written by our friend Mr. Clarke, and, with specimens of translation, has just been published by him at Berwick. The Gospel of Matthew, the book of Genesis, and Scripture Extracts in Isubu have been published by Mr. Merrick at Bimbia; and Mr. Saker is engaged with the Dewalla at Cameroons.
Judging from these results, and comparing them with the results of the first seven years of labour la India or other fields, we cannot but regard the labours of our brethren in Africa as very encouraging and important.
The expense of the "Dove ” for outfit and stores for the year Amounts to about £600. We trust our young friends, to whom we have hitherto looked for meeting this expense, will make an additional effort this year to raise the whole amount. It will be impossible to meet it through the ordinary income of the Society, which is already taxed to its utmost limit.
Since the above was written, we learn that the "Dove" has been detained for several days in Ramsgate harbour, where our friends have received much kindness. The thanks of the Committee are especially due to the church meeting in Cavendish Chapel, and to their pastor, from whom we have received the following note, dated Dec. 16th, and to the Rev. Edward Hoare, incumbent of Christchurch.
I just drop you a line to say the “ Dove” | board, and prayed with them just as she was left our harbour this afternoon between three going out. One of the members of our church, and four o'clock, all well on board. I was on who is a seafaring man, and who thoroughly understands the whole of the English coast, evening, if the “Dove" should remain in the generously offered his services gratuitously to harbour. We accepted his invitation, and all pilot the boat all round the coast to Plymouth. the friends spent a most pleasant and, I hope, I introduced him to Captain Milbourne, who profitable meeting. He invited many friends readily and cheerfully accepted his services, to meet us, and prayer was offered specially and he is gone off with him. We paid our for the friends and mission generally: Mr. steam-tug to pull them safe out of the harbour, Newbegin gave us an address on Monday, and our ladies have made and presented the and Wednesday evenings, and we collected Captain with a new silk fag, with the Dove after the prayer-meeting £2 123., to pay harand olive branch, which was waving in the bour dues. Several ladies of Mr. 'Hoare's breeze. I think it right to state that all our church sent to offer beds, or any other accom. friends have manifested a great deal of kind-modation, for our friends while they remained, Dess, and a very deep interest in the mission but the members of my church and congregahas been felt. "The Rev. Edward Hoare, in- tion had made all necessary provision of every cumbent of Christchurch in the Vale, called kind. Our ladies began work, and furnished on me last Monday morning, and having ex. shirts for the three Africans on board, and on pressed his interest in the mission, invited the Thursday twenty met together to prepare a whole of the friends on board the “Dove" to box of clothing for Africa, and many presents take tea and spend the evening, with Mrs. were made. I think there was a kind proviWills and myself, at his house on Tuesday dence in the “Dove" visiting us.
CALCUTTA. We have received from Mr. Wenger, under date of October 7, 1848, the following information in reference to his labours. General Review.
Translations. I hope the review of this year may prove somewhat more cheering than that of the last The Sanscrit Old Testament is proceeding. two or three years. We have all been per- The printing has advanced to Joshua ix. The mitted to introduce into the churches rather New Testament, which we are now reprinting, more new members than usual. As far as I has advanced to the beginning of Mark ; a am concerned, I must acknowledge that suc- new edition of the Bengali New Testament to Dess is not owing to increased labour, but the beginning of Luke, and the carefully solely to the sovereign mercy of God, who revised Bengali Old Testament to the 2nd of ordains the seasons of spiritual as well as of Judges. temporal blessings.
BARISAL AND DACCA.
It is not often that the stations above named are visited by missionaries of other societies than our own. They lie to the north-west of Calcutta, and out of the usual track of travellers. Recently, however, Messrs. Danforth and Stoddard, of the American Baptist Missionary Society, have visited these districts on their way to Assam. Extracts froin their journal cannot fail to interest our friends.
We have at length reached our long looked and then again so narrow as scarcely to for home. We started from Calcutta on the admit a boat to pass us.
Sometimes we 14th of April, in the steamer “Jumsur," seemed to be in a small lake, then passed passed down the Hoogly until we reached into a little inlet, then crossed a large river ; Sauger Island, and then turned into the thus we continued our way for three or four "Sunderbunds." Here, for the space of a hundred miles. The banks on either side week, were we passing to and fro in every were covered with a dense jungle. The possible direction,- now going north,-now shrubbery is very low; but so thick as to soatb,-now east, and again west. Some- ren ler it impossible to penetrate it. It is times the river was five or six miles wide, inhabited only by wild beasts. Tigers are 80
numerous that it is dangerous for persons to of promise ! and yet the only missionary there go on shore.
They have in a few instances lies upon a sick bed, unable to do any thing ventured into the river and carried off natives for these precious souls. There is no misfrom their bonts. This singular place can sionary nearer than Calcutta on one hand, scarcely be called any thing else than the and Dacca on the other. Our hearts were Bay of Bengal, thickly studded with islands. filled with sympathy and sadness. After a The land is, probably, nothing more than a season of prayer, we left him to the care of deposit, brought from the country above. that Being who says, " I will never leave nor All the rivers in this region are exceedingly forsake you.” muddy, and ever changing their course. The Stopped over night at Dacca. Called on river may be traced out one year, and the brother Robinson, a missionary of the Baptist next season will find it completely filled up, Missionary Society. Having been in the misand a new channel cut out. "Hence the great sion for many years, he was able to give us difficulty of giving the topography of the much useful information. Were much interrivers. Two men, one on each side of the ested in an interview with father Leonard (an boat, were constantly employed in sounding, Irish missionary associated with brother Rofrom the time we left Calcutta till we reached binson). He is seventy-six years of age, but Gowahatti.
he still preaches : has been in the work fortyFormerly the Sunderbunds are said to have four years. How encouraging to see this old been inhabited; it is now nothing but a veteran, about to lay down his arms and resolitary waste. The atmosphere at certain ceive a crown of glory. His wife is still seasons of the year is almost death to the living. Dacca was once the capital of Bengal, traveller. Farther up we found the country and though it has lost much of its former densely populated in some places. The in- greatness, it still contains a large population, habitants are Bengalis.
together with numerous populous villages
around it. Yet there are but two missionaries Revival at Barisal— Dacca; a veteran
here. Four or five more could not meet its missionary.
The Romanists have planted them
selves here, and, as in all other places, are We stopped a few hours at Barisal (a very zealous for ihe mother church. station about 400 miles from Calcutta by After passing through many rivers, we at river). Went ashore and called on
a length reached the Brahmaputra. It is a brother missionary (Mr. Page) residing there. noble river, sometimes five or six miles in He was sent a short time since from Calcutta, width, with a very rapid current. The into gather in a harvest of souls, which the habitants of the populous villages thronged Lord had been preparing. About a year the banks, and gazed on us with wonder. since, a revival of religion commenced here Their degraded, miserable appearance called among the lowest castes, and 150 souls were loudly to us for pity and assistance. But hopefully converted. The instrumentality what could we do? Nothing but pass on, was so very small (there being no missionary and leave them to their destruction. There on the ground), that all were forced to ac- is not a missionary between Dacca and Goknowledge that it was of God. What a field wahatti, a distance of more than 400 miles.
A letter has been received from Mr. Parsons, dated the 8th of September, the following extracts from which will be interesting to our readers. Burth's Church History in Hindee. Mr. John Christian, who is a good Hindce
scholar. An edition of 1000 is being printed, An interval has occurred since my last 500 of which are the Tract Society's, on conletter to you longer by two mouths than I sideration of their furnishing, paper for the usually allow to elapse, I having had, iu both whole, and paying for the binding of their instances, hindrances to writing, which I hope own copies. The responsibility of the rest will be sufficient to exculpate me from the lies on me, for which I hope (D.v.) I shail charge of neglect. A good part of the month be able to provide. And as I have no idea of July I was using all the time I could of profit, but my earnest desire is to get the muster from out-door engagements in finishing information contained in the work speedily the translation of " Barth's Church History," into the possession of the native brethren, and which I was privileged to do on the 20th, yet experience seems to show that the gratuiwith the exception of having to finally correct tous distribution of books is not, at all times, the manuscript of the “ Fourth Period,” after desirable, but it is rather advisable to begin to revision by an esteemed member of our chureh, accustom our native brethren to purchase
books; I therefore propose to sell the books Bya, the old stream of the Ganges, and the to Europeans at cost price, and to natives at Ganges itself. On the Gunduck and the half price. Two Christian friends liberally Ganges we have often itinerated; we visited the and spontaneously offered me fifty and twenty- Balan the year before last, and have been five rupees respectively, altogether £7 108., now on the Bya, which, taking its rise in the towards the printing of the book, which will Upper Gunduck, near Hajeepore, falls into be a material aid in reducing the price, as the Ganges about thirty-five or forty miles above stated, to native purchasers.
above Monghir. Poverty and liberulity of the converts in India.
Among the thirty-four villages we visited,
4. two—Tegra and Mow-are deserving of the Wewould gladly endeavour to lead our dear name of towns for their size and the number people, as suggested, to think of supporting of inhabitants. I will transcribe a few items their pastor, but their situation and resources from my brief journal. are not at all equal to any such effort. For the most part, we ever find them most willing
Some hear, some forbear. to contribute to every good work, in propor Friday, August 4. Entered the Bya Sota, tion to their income, which is, if I mistake about one o'clock. About five o'clock we not, very far beyond what is contributed by reached the village of Nipaniya, whither we brethren in England, with few exceptions; went to speak. We had many round us, but only a few of them enjoy more than a among whom were some very noisy disputants, bare sapply for their temporal wants, and especially an old brahmin and an infidel more, I think, than half the members of our Vedantist, and for a long time we could get church are in such poor circumstances, as in no opportunity to discourse, and eventually case of any little extraordinary expense which went towards our boat, but as the sun had may fall on them, to be grateful for assistance not set, and many people were following us, from others. We pay the salaries of our own we stopped, and getting on an elevated spot, Dative preachers and schoolmasters, the ex- | began to discourse, Nainsukh reading Matt. penses of our own chapels, and a compara- vii. 7-23, and speaking of God's judging tively large sum every month for widows, &c., and dealing with men according to their and make an occasional subscription--usually fruits, after which I read to the end of the annual—for the Calcutta Auxiliary and the chapter, and spoke of the necessity of a firm Translations, besides responding to calls for foundation for eternity, and contrasted the building and repairs of chapels and other sandy foundation of idolaters with Christ, the objects, from other stations. Lately, on only safe rock of hope. learning the amount of the Parent Society's Saturday, 5th. In the morning intended to debt, some of our friends came forward with have gone again into Nipaniya, but the people contributions amounting to upwards of £17 collected at ihe boat, and first Nainsukh had sterling, on which occasion one dear and es- ja long discussion with the old Brahmin, teemed brother's free-will offering amounted chiefly on the subject of ca te, but when he to more than two-thirds of his monthly pension. and some others went away, a good many And really I cannot feel at liberty to appeal better disposed persons remained, to whom we to them to do more than sustain this rate of both preached the gospel, and then proceeded liberality. For ourselves, we endeavour to to Barownee, but on account of rain could not go our utmost to practise strict economy, that out for some hours, during which many respectwe may be able, as largely as possible, out of' able persons came to the boat for books, from the salary so kindly supplied by the liberality Barownee, and also the neighbouring village of our esteemed British brethren, to give to him of Phoolwureea. About three o'clock we went that needeth, and help forward the missionary to the latter, a large village, and spoke in four operations we are carrying on here, for if all places; first, in the midst of the village, believers are stewards for God of the property among the power people, who heard well, they possess, then we feel that we must be so notwithstanding that some brahmins came to in a peculiarly emphatic sense.
question and discuss. Then, before a zeminMission Itineracy.
dar's house, where also we had a large congre
gation and no opposition. Again, at a rich I will now attempt to give you some account Pundit's house, whose father had married the of my late tour, in wbich I was accompanied daughter of Hingun Misr, the first native by our indefatigable and, through grace, ex- convert of Monghir. A large number assemcellent native brother, Nainsukh. The dis. bled, but a Mussalman Moonshee and others trict to the north and north-west of us is persisted in discussion, and allowed us no intersected by several streams, on the banks quiet opportunity of preaching. Lastly, in of which are lines of villages, and as these the bazar, where Nainsukh and myself spoke streams are not far distant from each other, with little interruption to a large congregation there are but few villages in the intervening of perhaps 150 persons. Returning to the country. These streams, beginning from the boat, a good number of persons, assembled on one which comes from the most northerly the shore, heard respectfully. quarter, are the Gunduck, the Balan, the Lord's day, 6th. In Barownee, spoke in three places, in two of which had a pretty good woman, before all the assembly, began to hearing, after which rain fell, when we took confess herself the greatest of sinners, and shelter under a small shed, which was quite entreat our aid, but we could not well ascer. filled with people, who heard for some time, tain whether it was a sense of her spiritual but then became clamorous, and tried to snatch poverty, or some temporal evil, that oppressed the books from Nainsukh's hands. P,M, her mind. After the storm, about half an Having moved to another ghaut, by about hour before sunset, we went out again, and three o'clock a great many people assembled were speedily surrounded by a large congrearound the boat, to whom Nainsukh and Igation of perhaps nearly 200 persons, from preached a long time without interruption, this village and one on the other side of the Afterwards a loquacious brahmin came, with stream, to whom we discoursed without interwhom, and with others, conversation and ruption till dark. Their behaviour was very discussion occupied the rest of the evening, pleasing. A Mahommedan attempted to divert
Monday, 7th. In Barownee, having come their attention, but failed. to a ghaut at the upper end of the village, Tuesday, 15th. After our noontide meal we which is two miles in length and about five crossed the stream, and about two o'clock miles in circumference, being scattered into landed, intending to go into some villages many separate hamlets since its removal from its near, but on reaching them found them very former site, which was washed away by the very small. We addressed a small company Ganges ; we first sat in a lala's house, who under a tree, and further on found two or politely gave us a seat, and Nainsukh began three more persons under a large tree, where to read and expound a tract, but soon such a was a mound for idol worship, and on it an number assembled, and two brahmins were earthen offering, in the shape of a chariot. so noisy that we left the house, one of the Speaking of the impotence of such idols, I noisy brahmins offering to conduct us to a was replied to by a man who said, " If the more eligible spot. On the way they seemed sahib touch it he will be immediately deto form the plan of conducting us to the out-stroyed.” When the man persisted in the side of the village, and there leaving us. assertion, I dashed the offering on the ground, Upon perceiying this, I sat down on a log of and kicked the mound, saying, “Let the wood, and we persisted in staying there, devta now punish me.” When no harm came telling the people we would not go at their to me, the man replied, I should be punished bidding, bui they might all go to their houses at night. I said, “ I am going to Mow; if I if they pleased. They did not go, however, remain alive, do not worship this again." but after a time became quiet while Nainsukh But he replied, “ We sball continue to wore read to them some specimens of the precepts ship it, whatever happen.” O lamentable of the gospel from Rom. xii, and Matt. v., and blindness! Afterwards, came on about two appealed to their judgment as to their purity miles to Mow, and were soon surrounded by a and benevolence, after which we returned to large congregation under a tree on the ghaut, our boat. At noon much rain fell, and wben who behaved pretty well, to whom we spoke that abated we came on to Tegra, and went in succession till evening. into the bazar, and preached, without inter- Wednesday, 16th. A.M. In the village of ruption, in two places, till the evening. I | Mow, spoke in two places to attentive assem.
Tuesday, 8th. A.M. Could not go out, on blies. Afterwards, at the boat, had a conversaaccount of the muddy state of the village from tion with a brahmin and some men of the writer rain during the night. P.m. Spoke in four places, caste. P.M. First we, by turns, continued with no opposition, the only interruption being speaking a long time to the people under the from the boys, who followed and surrounded tree on the ghaut, on various topics, and some us in every place, and were often noisy and expressed their decided approbation of what playful. First, we discoursed in two places was said. In the village, Nainsukh addressed
of Christ, and the obligation to repent and called us ; then in the bazar we had a very believe ; then were called to a zemindar's large congregation, who were attentive a converandab, who heard attentively and respect-siderable time, but afterwards noisy. At the fully, and expressed his approbation of what boat, on our return, many assembled to ask was said ; and, lastly, on our way to the boat for books, among whom were some very we got a large congregation of the poorer respectable persons, and preaching and conclass, to whom Nainsukh preached. Many versation continued till after sunset. boys followed us to the boat, clamouring for Thursday, 17th. A.M. Went into the vilbooks, whom we could not induce to leave us. lage, and spoke in three places to small
Saturday, 12th. * * Noon. Came to the assemblies, until near noon. P.m. Sat under village of Goodna, where, on the ghaut, we the tree on the ghaut, and discoursed by turns
short time, a goodly number assembled, who dispossess the strong man armed, &c., our heard attentively and without interruption, hearers being not numerous, but attentive. until a heavy storm obliged us to betake our- Afterwards, at the request of a man to whom selves to the boat, just before wbich a poor a book bad been given, Nainsukh read and