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books; I therefore propose to sell the books Bya, the old stream of the Ganges, and the to Europeans at cost price, and to natives at Ganges itself. On the Gunduck and the half price. Two Christian friends liberally Ganges we have often itinerated; we visited the and spontaneously offered me fifty and twenty- Balan the year before last, and have been five rupees respectively, altogether £7 108., now on the Bya, which, taking its rise in the towards the printing of the book, which will Upper Gunduck, near Hajeepore, falls into be a material aid in reducing the price, as the Ganges about thirty-five or forty miles above stated, to native purchasers.
above Monghir. Poverty and liberulity of the converts in India.
Among the thirty-four villages we visited,
two— Tegra and Mow—are deserving of the We would gladly endeavour to lead our dear name of towns for their size and the number people, as suggested, to think of supporting of inhabitants. I will transcribe a few items their pastor, but their situation and resources from my brief journal. are not at all equal to any such effort. For the most part, we ever find them most willing
Some hear, some forbear. to contribute to every good work, in propor- Friday, August 4. Entered the Bya Sota, tion to their income, which is, if I mistake about one o'clock. About five o'clock we Dot, very far beyond what is contributed by reached the village of Nipaniya, whither we brethren in England, with few exceptions; went to speak. We had many round us, bat only a few of them enjoy more than a among whom were some very noisy disputants, bare sapply for their temporal wants, and especially an old brahmin and an infidel more, I think, than half the members of our Vedantist, and for a long time we could get church are in such poor circumstances, as in no opportunity to discourse, and eventually case of any little extraordinary expense which went towards our boat, but as the sun had may fall on them, to be grateful for assistance not set, and many people were following us, from others. We pay the salaries of our own we stopped, and getting on an elevated spot, dative preachers and schoolmasters, the ex- began to discourse, Nainsukh reading Matt. penses of our own chapels, and a compara- vii. 7-23, and speaking of God's judging tively large sum every month for widows, &c., and dealing with men according to their and make an occasional subscription-usually fruits, after which I read to the end of the annual—for the Calcutta Auxiliary and the chapter, and spoke of the necessity of a firm Translations, besides responding to calls for foundation for eternity, and contrasted the building and repairs of chapels and other sandy foundation of idolaters with Christ, the objects, from other stations. Lately, on only safe rock of hope. learning the amount of the Parent Society's Saturday, 5th. In the morning intended to debt, some of our friends came forward with have gone again into Nipaniya, but the people contributions amounting to upwards of £17 collected at ihe boat, and first Nainsukh had sterling, on which occasion one dear and es. a long discussion with the old Brahmin, teemed brother's free-will offering amounted chiefly on the subject of ca te, but when he to more than two-thirds of his monthly pension. and some others went away, a good many And really I cannot feel at liberty to appeal better disposed persons remained, to whom we to them to do more than sustain this rate of both preached the gospel, and then proceeded liberality. For ourselves, we endeavour to to Barownee, but on accountof rain could not go our utmost to practise strict economy, that out for some hours, during which many respectwe may be able, as largely as possible, out of' able persons came to the boat for books, from the salary so kindly supplied by the liberality Barownee, and also the neighbouring villag of our esteemed British brethren, to give to him of Phoolwureea. About three o'clock we went that needeth, and help forward the missionary to the latter, a large village, and spoke in four operations we are carrying on here, for if all places ; first, in the midst of the village, believers are stewards for God of the property among the power people, who heard well, they possess, then we feel that we must be so notwithstanding that some brahmins came to in a peculiarly emphatic sense.
question and discuss. Then, before a zemin. Mission Itineracy.
dar's house, where also we liad a large congre
gation and no opposition. Again, at a rich I will now attempt to give you some account Pundit's house, whose father had married the of my late tour, in which I was accompanied daughter of Hingun Misr, the first native by our indefatigable and, through grace, ex- convert of Nongbir. A large number assemcellent native brother, Nainsukh. The dis. bled, but a Mussalman Moonshee and others trict to the north and north-west of us is persisted in discussion, and allowed us no intersected by several streams, on the banks quiet opportunity of preaching. Lastly, in of which are lines of villages, and as these the bazar, where Nainsukh and myself spoke streams are not far distant from each other, with little interruption to a large congregation there are but few villages in the intervening of perhaps 150 persons. Returning to the country. These streams, beginning from the boat, a good number of persons, assembled on one which comes from the most northerly the shore, heard respectfully. quarter, are the Gunduck, the Balan, the Lord's day, 6th. In Barownee, spoke in
three places, in two of which had a pretty good woman, before all the assembly, began to hearing, after which rain fell, when we took confess herself the greatest of sinners, and shelter under a small shed, which was quite entreat our aid, but we could not well ascer. filled with people, who heard for some time, tain whether it was a sense of her spiritual but then became clamorous, and tried to snatch poverty, or some temporal evil, that oppressed the books from Nainsukh's hands. P.m. her mind. After the storm, about half an Having moved to another ghaut, by about hour before sunset, we went out again, and three o'clock a great many people assembled were speedily surrounded by a large congrearound the boat, to whom Nainsukh and I gation of perhaps nearly 200 persons, from preached a long time without interruption, this village and one on the other side of the Afterwards a loquacious brahmin came, with stream, to whom we discoursed without interwhom, and with others, conversation and ruption till dark. Their behaviour was very discussion occupied the rest of the evening, pleasing. A Mahommedan attempted to divert
Monday, 7th. In Barownee, having come their attention, but failed. to a ghaut at the upper end of the village, Tuesday, 15th, After our noontide meal we which is two miles in length and about five crossed the stream, and about two o'clock miles in circumference, being scattered into landed, intending to go into some villages many separate hamlets since its removal from its near, but on reaching them found them very former site, which was washed away by the very small. We addressed a small company Ganges; we first sat in a lala's house, who under a tree, and further on found two or politely gave us a seat, and Nainsukh began three more persons under a large tree, where to read and expound a tract, but soon such a was a mound for idol worship, and on it an number assembled, and two brahmins were earthen offering, in the shape of a chariot. so noisy that we left the house, one of the Speaking of the impotence of such idols, I poisy brahmins offering to conduct us to a was replied to by a man who said, " If the more eligible spot. On the way they seemed sahib touch it he will be immediately deto form the plan of conducting us to the out-stroyed.” When the man persisted in the side of the village, and there leaving us. assertion, I dashed the offering on the ground, Upon perceiving this, I sat down on a log of and kicked the mound, saying, "Let the wood, and we persisted in staying there, devta now punish me." When no harm came telling the people we would not go at iheir to me, the man replied, I should be punished bidding, but they might all go to their houses at night, I said, “ I am going to Mow; if I if they pleased. They did not go, however, remain alive, do not worship this again." but after a time became quiet while Nainsukh But he replied, “ We shall continue to wore read to them some specimens of the precepts ship it, whatever happen.” O lamentable of the gospel from Rom. xii, and Matt. v., and blindness ! Afterwards, came on about two appealed to their judgment as to their purity miles to Mow, and were soon surrounded by a and benevolence, after which we returned to large congregation under a tree on the ghaut
, our boat. At noon much rain fell, and when who behaved pretty well, to whom we spoke that abated we came on to Tegra, and went in succession till evening. into the bazar, and preached, without inter- Wednesday, 16th. Am. In the village of ruption, in two places, till the evening. Mow, spoke in two places to attentive assem.
Tuesday, 8th. a.m. Could not go out, on blies. Afterwards, at the boat, had a conversa. account of the muddy state of the village from tion with a brahmin and some men of the writer rain during the night. P.m. Spoke in four places, caste. P.M. First we, by turns, continued with no opposition, the only interruption being speaking a long time to the people under the from the boys, who followed and surrounded tree on the ghaut, on various topics, and some us in every place, and were often noisy and expressed their decided approbation of what playful. First, we discoursed in two places was said. In the village, Nainsukh addressed in the bazar, on the origin, work, and doctrine a few persons at the house of a pundit, who of Christ, and the obligation to repent and called 'us; then in the bazar we had a very believe ; then were called to a zemindar's large congregation, who were attentive a con. verandah, who heard attentively and respect- siderable time, but afterwards noisy. At the fully, and expressed his approbation of what boat, on our return, many assembled to ask was said ; and, lastly, on our way to the boat for books, among whom were some very we got a large congregation of the poorer respectable persons, and preaching and conclass, to whom Nainsukh preached. Many versation continued till after sunset. boys followed us to the boat, clamouring for Thursday, 17th. A.M. Went into the vil. books, whom we could not induce to leave us. lage, and spoke in three places to small Saturday, 12th. * * Noon. Came to the assemblies, until near noon.
P.M. Sat under village of Goodna, where, on the ghaut, we the tree on the ghaut, and discoursed by turns began addressing a few persons, and, in a on the miracles of Christ, and his power to short time, a goodly number assembled, who dispossess the strong man armed, &c., our heard attentively and without interruption, hearers being not numerous, but attentive. until a heavy storm obliged us to betake our- Afterwards, at the request of a man to whom selves to the boat, just before which a poor a book had been given, Nainsukh read and
explained part of the first chapter of Mark for with bis boat, I fear we may not have the bim.
opportunity of seeing him again. May the Friday, 18th, a.m. Sent on our boat to the Lord lead him to a sincere acceptance of the upper end of the village, and we ourselves truth! went through the bazar, and spoke in two Friday, 25th. p.m. Went into Patoree, and places to assemblies neither large nor serious. spoke a long time to from forty to fifty perAgain, near the boat, spoke to and conversed sons, who paid very respectful attention, and with a few poor people, among whom was one two brahmins took "gospels. Then went into man who seemed to get a remarkably clear the adjoining village of Shapore, but as soon view of Christ's work in suffering in our stead, as we stood up to speak, two servants of the and appeared much interested. He said, "I Mahommedan proprietor of the village drove am a sinner, how am I to derive benefit from the people away ; however, we stayed where Christ?" He was disposed to have heard we were. Presently a Pundit came up, and more, but was called away on urgent business. discussed with Nainsukh a long time, but he The lame man, who had Mark i. explained to was extravagantly faļse, taking as the ground him, was present also, and said he felt his of his argument, that there is actually no sin heart much drawn to what was said. P.M. and no night. On this the people re-assemCame on to Bajitpore, which is not a large bled, but they were very noisy, and gave us village, but has a considerable bazar (many of no quiet opportunity of speaking. However, the shopkeepers having their dwelling houses at I was able just to seize time for a hasty stateMow), and is a large mart for rice and grain, ment of the gospel. Afterwards, spoke to a many boats being at the ghaut to receive or small congregation in the adjacent village of discharge cargoes. About four o'clock we Mukkunpore. went into the bazar, and spoke in three places to good congregations, a good proportion of
Scriptures distributed. whom were attentive hearers, from Matt, vii. During our tour we distributed about 200 Rom. x., Luke x. 25-35, &c. The lame scriptures and 100 tracts. O may the gracious man was present in two places, and also the Lord accept our feeble and faulty efforts, and other, who yesterday seemed to get such a make them the means of calling some poor clear view of Christ's work, who, we learned, heathen to bimself ! is a boatman named Bhitchhook. He seems Through mercy we are in good health, and indeed much interested, did not scruple to our beloved fellow labourers are not more speak for us when the people were turbulent, unwell than usual. Our united Christian asked for a book, and after dark in the even: love to yourself and the esteemed brethren of ing came to the boat, to ask when he could the Committee; with cordial prayers for sit with us to learn to read it fuently. As, your direction and support, and all needful however, he has to leave to-morrow morning aid.
We have received pleasing accounts of the following additions to several of the churches,
On the 6th August the Rev. R. WILLIAMS had the pleasure of baptizing two persons, one a European soldier, the other a young woman.
LAL BAZAR, On the 30th July four believers were baptized, and on the following sabbath received into the church.
CIRCULAR ROAD. Three young disciples were baptized and added to the church on the first sabbath in August.
SOUTH COLLINGA STREET.
On the same day two native converts were baptized, and added to the church under Mr. WENGER's care.
JESSORE. Mr. Parry, writing under date of the 7th of August, says, “ Yesterday I had the pleasure of baptizing a young disciple. He has been with us from childhood. His parents died when he was quite young: they were both good Christians, and I pray and hope that the Lord will keep him by grace steadfast unto the end."
Lord's day, June 1st, two were baptized baptized at Choga, and at this interesting from our Orphan Asylums, a male and a station there are two or three candidates : a female; and on Lord's day, July 2nd, two few also have recently come out from heathen. were baptized from the Girls' Orphan Asylum. ism, and joined the nominal Christian comOn Lord's day, July 23rd, an aged female was 'munion, who promise well.
The Rev. L. INGALS, writing under date of July 27th, says,
“ Nine have been baptized within a short time, and between twenty and thirty since I came to this station."
The following account of labours of our brethren of the American Baptist Missionary Society, in Assam, will be read with interest. It is taken from a letter of Mr. BRONSON'S.
Review of the past year-Baptisms. for on the Friday evening previous he was
seized with cholera. He immediately sent for The year 1848 opens upon us under cir- me. I went over to his house, but the dreadful cumstances of peculiar encouragement; while disease had plainly marked him for a victim. at the same time we see enough to moderate His sunken and glassy eye, hollow voice, and our joys and call forth the prayer of the ghastly look convinced me that his end was Psalmist : “ Show us the way in which we near. As soon as he saw me, he called me should walk, for unto Thee do we lift up our near to him, and said, “Sahab, I shall die souls.”
now,- I believe in Jesus Christ,-I intended You will doubtless have heard from other to be baptized next Sunday, I am one of members of the mission, the interesting season your number. Pray for me. I commit my we enjoyed this year at Gowahatti. During children to your care." He lingered until the month of our Association, thirteen indi- Sunday, and died. His conduct had been viduals were baptized, and some of them will, much changed for the better for some months, we hope, prove valuable accessions to the and I can but hope that he is now with the cause of God. Six have been added by bap- Saviour. tism to this little church. Three of these are Another one baptized is a girl thirteen or members of the Orphan School; one, a pro- fourteen years of age, who was found in cir. mising lad, supported by the Juvenile Mis- cumstances of great destitution, standing on sionary Society of the baptist church in the bank of the Kullung, seeking any place Hamilton, who desired him to be named where she could obtain food and clothes. She Monroe Weed. Another lad is the son of a was employed by Mrs. Hill as a servant. man who had been six years a faithful servant Being situated where she heard the scriptures in my family. This man had learned many constantly, she became weighed down under truths at our morning and evening worship. a sense of sin. She seized upon every spare He had severe struggles of mind about break- moment and learned to read, and can now ing caste; but had resolved to do so, and ask read and understand very well. Her humility for baptism the following sabbath. It pleased and love of prayer and of the scriptures are the Lord, however, to deny him the privilege; very striking. "An interesting young man, who has been with me during the last six great amount of opposition and reproach from years, and who has long been trying to live as his wife and relatives. But the storm of pera Christian without openly professing Christ secution seemed only to make him firmer, and his in baptism, was brought to feel willing to re- mind was kept peaceful and happy. I hope nounce all for Christ's sake, and follow him that this individual may yet be useful in perinto the watery grave. His name is Jurmon. suading his countrymen to examine the claims He is of high descent; has many friends, who of Christianity. His baptism has made no have spared no pains to dissuade him from small stir. Some weep over his course, -the act, and get him to leave me, and have some ridicule and revile, --some try argument, offered to support him if he would return to and some offer to buy his caste back for him; the villages." 'I baptized him at Gowahatti ; but he is immovable. and on his return he was called to endure a
Several interesting letters have been recently received from Africa. In one to Mrs. Hoby, of Henrietta Street, Mr. Merrick writes cheerfully of their labours at Bimbia. After thanking her for various articles which she had sent out, he speaks of his hopes and prospects generally.
I must not despair. My motto is “Jehovah- and two other females are, I hope, really jireh !" The valuable contents of your bale inquiring the way to Zion. Request the dear came not as you packed it up, but mixed up sisters at Henrietta Street to help us to pray with other things, so that we could not easily for them. tell what things were furnished by the kind friends at Henrietta Street, and what by others.
Who is to give success ? Your letter has, however, assisted us in iden- I have lately been thinking that the first tifying your presents, and has really made us Monday in every month should be a much attach more value to them than we did before. more solemn season with ministers and mis
sionaries, and indeed all Christians, than it Garments most welcome.
really is. What wrestlings of soul there
should be on such occasions for the world Be kind enough, dear Mrs. Hoby, to pre- which lieth in wickedness, and the heralds of sent to the dear Christian friends at Henrietta the cross labouring among them. O we do Street, our thanks for the deep interest they need your prayers! None but those who manifest in our welfare. Assure them that labour among the perishing heathen can their labour is highly beneficial to us, and form any adequate conception of the nature of that I hope they will continue them. I have our trials. I speak not of temporal privations made many friends, not only at Bimbia, but these we can bear-they are really after all in the inland districts, by having a few gar- nothing when the mind is made up to meet ments to give them and their children.
them. Nor do I speak of intellectual difficulBrightening.
ties; these are great, and not unfrequently
cause the missionary's heart to be cast down Our sweet story of the cross is beginning, I within him. Oh, it is no small thing to live hope, to influence a few hearts : high time among a people perishing for the bread of life that it should. They have heard it for more without being able to speak a word to them, than four years, and for more than than three and to find yourself baffled in a thousand years in their own tongue. A little servant ways in your earnest desires to acquire their girl in our house from the " Bo” country far language, but these are difficulties which time, up the Cameroons River, is, I hope, a real patience, and perseverance will be sure to Christian. She reads both the English and conquer. I speak of moral, spiritual difficulIsubu scriptures, and I think it may with cies. How much of the temper of Christ it truth be affirmed, that her delight is in the needs in order to love a people whose every law of God. A poor slave woman from the action is unlovely, and who in the midst of Bakum Bum country named “Monidu," is filth, wretchedness, poverty, ignorance, and also, I hope, a child of God. Her husband is barbarism, treat the missionary and his mesa sincere inquirer after truth, but very ignorant, sage not only with indifference, but sometimes