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complete development, that is, of the law of|chievous to uphold it as law while public nature in its perfect form. To us it appears sentiment runs so strongly counter to it. impossible to regard the Levitical precepts It should be repealed, if it were only in order in either of these lights. The former suppo- to allow the proper feeling respecting it to be sition manifestly wants proof, and is indeed developed. Believing, however, as we do, a begging of the whole question; while the that the sentiment adverse to it is correct, " latter, if it were true, ought to be demon- and that the marriages in question are not strated by a much more consentanerus re- condemned either by our natural sentiments sponse from the bosom of human nature rr by sacred sc? pture, rare cravinced that universally than has ever yet been given to 12v ought to be finally repealed. The it. For our own part, we look on the legis-nation cannot be at rest till it is so. lation of Moses respecting unchastity in all
THE REVIEWER. its forms as intended for the Israelites, and as modified by their circumstances at the
AN EARNEST MINISTRY. time. Their own condition as a people was not good, while that of the nations surround
To the Editor of the Baplist Magazine. ing them was dreadfully corrupt; and the SIR,—The “Commercial Traveller ” de. intention of Moses appears to have been, at serves our thanks for the candour of his once to guard them from deterioration by complaint as to the general want of earnestness pollution from without, and to lead to their in the ministry. We will not ask how far improvement by institutions which should in the excitement of travelling and bustle of gradually operate within.
business he is in a fit frame of mind to judge The law of Moses being thrown aside, what of the earnestness of those he occasionally then remains in the matter before us for hears; nor whether his idea of the approprithe guidance of mankind ? Two elements. ate manifestations of earnestness may not be First, the morality of the case; since from the incorrect; but supposing him to be a capable nature of the matrimonial relation itself it judge, and his testimony to be indisputable, may with sufficient clearness be deduced that we would then ask one or two questions. incest, like fornication and adultery, is a 1. Must not our hope for an earnest minismoral crime. And, secondly, the instinctive try be in an earnest and watchful church? and social feelings of mankind, under the 2. What efforts are made by our churches practical guidance of Divine providence. It to cheer and stimulate their ministers in their is for the combined influence of these to work ? determine what marriages shall be deemed 3. Are not ministers allowed, in some incestuous, that is, inconsistent with the true places, to toil on from year's end to year's design and beneficial working of the primary end without one word to encourage, or one institute. God has practically prohibited act to aid ? some marriages by evidently setting his ban 4. Is not the earnestness of many a youthupon their issue ; while mankind also have ful minister chilled by the cold indifference in all ages revolted at some, and, as society has and dogged conservatism with which his advanced, have come to revolt at others, which efforts are met by the more influential mem. once must have been both honourable and bers? pleasing. To the influence of these causes 5. Do the churches in general feel any our Creator seems to have left the determina- interest in the ministry beyond the qualification of the vexed question of " prohibited tions of their own pastor ? degrees."
6. Do they watch for the indications of the Our conclusion is, that while every person Spirit as to who amongst them is called to who feels a restriction binding on him, shou the work; and willingly assist such in all act out the conviction of his own judgment necessary preparation ? in his own case, the law of every country 7. Do they cultivate towards the rising should embody the general sentiments of the ministry sentiments of esteem and love; people among whom it is to prevail. It is or are “students” listened to with impaclearly a case in which every people are tience, and treated with indifference ? entitled to legislate for themselves, as well as 8. Is it in the nature of things that any one in which the harmony of a law with the deep earnestness can continue to be felt sentiments of the people is the only executive when thrice or four times in the week the principle by which obedience can be secured. same subjects must be treated before the If changes are to take place in the law, it same auditors ? is by antecedent changes of public opinion We must remember that ministers and that they should be prepared for. One of the churches act and re-act upon one another. great faults we have found with the law of A few earnest souls may arise through God's 1835 is, that public opinion was not in any grace who shall be superior to surrounding way consulted before its enactment, so that influences. But, in general, the ministers the national habit has been violently inter- will be the exponents of the spirit of the fered with Even if it could be shown that churches. If it be true that an earnest the law as it is is best, it would be mis- minister will create an earnest church, it is much more true, because the many can act , stead of, That every beneficiary member“shall make,” upon the one more than the one upon the &c., and a circular will be forwarded to every memmany, that a worldly, indifferent church will ber before June, 1850, in order that this important soon reduce its minister to its own level. Let matter may then be finally and satisfactorily deterthose, then, who feel a want of earnestness in mined, according to the 19th rule of the Society. A their minister, become earnest themselves in sub-committee has also been appointed to consider, prayer and action, and in kind and wise whether any alteration can be judiciously made in efforts to arouse their pastor; and they will the 15th rule, so as to increase the amount of the soon find that the fire is within, and that it annual income to be distributed among the claimants. only neede their own encouraging breath to
This sub-committee will present their report at the blow it to a fiar...
next general meeting. Bristol.
V. D. M.
To promote yet further the welfare and usefulness of this institution, the committee strongly recommend that those ministers who are not at present
connected with it should be reminded of its existSOCIETY FOR THE RELIEF OF AGED AND IN
ence and advantages, and that all our churches FIRM MINISTERS.
should have set before them its character and claims. To the Editor of the Baptist Magazine.
A smallsum either paid as entrance-money (when re
quired by the society's rules), or subscribed annually, DEAR SIR,—May I ask the favour of your by any Christian society for its pastor (if needing inserting in an early number of the maga. such pecuniary help), would, by constituting him a zine the accompanying extracts from the last beneficiary member of this institution, be at once a Report of the Society for the Relief of Aged pleasing testimonial of respect, and a considerable and Infirm Baptist Ministers. It is much means of assistance in the season of old age, or of to be desired, that our regard and interest as earlier infirmity. The committee more earnestly a Christian community may be more fully urge these matters upon the attention of the awakened in behalf of this important insti- churches, as it must, they think, be allowed that tution. If our ministers generally could be hitherto the interests of our aged and infirm minisconstituted its beneficiary members, either ters, as a religious community, havo been greatly by their own payment, or that of the disregarded, and as, by means of this institution, churches over which they respectively pre- their comfort and welfare may be easily and happily side, an often deplored and grievous deficien- promoted. In the judgment of the committee, cy now existing among us, would be in some therefore, it is much to be desired that, while other measure provided for, and the interests of sections of the Christian church have some regular pastors and of people, be alike promoted. provision for those in age or infirmity, who have An increase of congregational collections and
been their servants for Jesus' sake, this society may annual subscriptions in support of the society become a source of benefit to the denomination at would, also, greatly subserve its usefulness.
large. And they think that when it is remembered I am, dear Sir,
that the institution has funded property to the Yours very truly,
amount of £5700 (the interest received on which CHARLES DANIELL, Secretary.
very considerably exceeds the subscriptions of the
beneficiary members), that more than a hundred Melksham, August 20, 1849.
baptist ministers, now living, are connected with it, Report.
that its rules are formed upon equitable principles, The character and operations of this society are
and that a much larger sum than at present would such, as to furnish only a small amount of informa
be distributed among the claimants, if a comparation, to its different members, with their various tively small increase could be secured to its disposkind supporters and friends. During the past year,
able income ; all must see that it would be for the twenty-six of our ministerial brethren, have been
advantage of our ministers generally, to enrol themclaimants upon the funds of the institution; and
selves as beneficiary members of this society, and at the recent annual meeting it appeared that twen
that our churches would do well to give it their ty-seven beneficiary members had applied to share
constant and liberal support. in its disposable income this year; although two of
Ministers wishing to join the society are respectthese have requested the committee to appropriate fully referred to the rules which may be obtained on to others the greater part of the sum to be allotted application to the treasurer or secretary ; and friends to them. Three members, who received as claimants desiring of sending subscriptions or donations will last year, have been removed by death, viz., Rev. T. please to forward the same to either of the underTilly of Forton, Rev. W. Gray of Bristol, and Rev.
mentioned :R. Harness of Bridlington. The committee gratefully acknowledge several
JOHN LEDYARD PHILLIPS, Esq., Melksham, congregational and other contributions, made in 18
Treasurer. vour of the society, and earnestly ask the continu
Rev. CHARLES DANIELL, Melksham, Secretary. ance of this very desirable and effective mode of WILLIAM LEPARD SMITH, Esq., Denmark Hill. assisting its funds. By one of the resolutions passed HENRY KELSALL, Esq., Rochdale. at the recent annual meeting, it is proposed to alter ROBERT LEONARD, Esq., Bristol. the third rule, to the effect, that every beneficiary Rev. THOMAS WINTER, Bristol. member "sball be requested to make" a public or Rev. JOSEPH ANGUS, M.A., Mission House, private collection annually in aid of its funds, in- Moorgate Street, London.
Rev. WILLIAM YATES, Stroud.
Noel must not be held responsible for the Rev. Joshua RUSSELL, Blackheath Hill, Kent.
words of the Address, which we present to Rev. J. T. DOBNEY, Oxford.
our readers, with his permission, as reported Or pay the same to Messrs. DREWETT and FoWLER, in the Christian Times, with a few corrections, Bankers, Princes Street, Bank, London, to the credit
He is about to publish an Essay on Baptism to of PHILLIPS, KELLALL, and others, with the North
which this Address will be appended. It will Wilts Bank at M
give pleasure to many of our friends to learn
6:04 some gentlemen who are attached EDITOI IAL POSTSCRIPT Mr. Noel's ministry, 11 : jo are ar puro The Rev. Frederick Trestrail, Secretary co-operate with him, have taken a large place of the Baptist Irish Society, and Edward of worship in Gray's Inn Lane, which was Bean Underhill, Esq. Secretary of the originally built for Mr. Huntington, and has Hanserd Knollys Society, have undertaken since been used in connexion with the estato perform jointly the duties of the Missionary blishment, where Mr. Noel intends to form a secretaryship. The former expects to enter church in accordance with his own views. upon the work at the commencement of Mr. Mortimer, who has occupied the place for September, and the latter in the beginning many years, has for some time desired to reof October. The committee of the Baptist linquish it, his health having declined; he Irish Society has made a temporary arrange
now says, “I part with my chapel with only ment respecting the secretaryship of that one regret, viz. that it cannot be continued institution, with the Rev, W. P. Williams, within the church of England; but I am late pastor of the baptist church at Shrews | thankful, as it evidently must pass into other bury, who has accepted a probationary en
hands, that it should pass into those of so
faithful and devoted a servant of our comgagement for six months. It will be convenient, however, as unforeseen events may B. W. Noel.”
mon Lord as those of the Hon, and Rev. interfere with the entrance of these gentlemen on their respective duties, if for the We are happy to learn that the health of next few weeks correspondents with these the Rev. M. W. Flanders, who had suffered institutions will address their communications, so much in Haiti that he felt compelled to “To the Secretaries of the Baptist Missionary relinquish his pastoral engagements twelve Society," or “To the Secretary of the months ago, appears to be perfectly restored. Baptist Irish Society," instead of mentioning He has preached recently without inconvethe name of any individual, that so they nience, and would cheerfully visit any conmay be open
and attended to, should gregation needing a supply, for one or more anything have occurred to prevent the at- sabbaths. tendance of the gentlemen to whom officially they belong.
Information has just now been received
that the Rev. John Barker, forty-seven years The new president of Stepney College pastor of the baptist church at Towcester, expects to be ready to receive the students expired on the 17th of August. for the ensuing session on Monday the tenth instant, and on Wednesday the twelfth, the
The pastor of the baptist church at Ridg. public commencement is to be held.' On mount, Beds, requests us to correct a mistake that occasion there will probably be a larger occurring in the Baptist Manual for the assembly of friends of the institution than present year in reference to that church, has been seen for some years. A public
which, he observes, may occasion inconvenimeeting is to transact business at three
ence. The name attached to Ridgmount is o'clock, and in the evening, at half past six, Brooks, Mr. Brooks having been the pastor,
E. Manning ; it should have been J. H. there will
be service in the College Chapel, and the only pastor of the church there for when the Rev. John Leechman, M.A. has the last fifteen years. We mention this in engaged to preach. Mr. Leechman who was formerly one of the tutors at Serampore in our own copy, we perceive, his name is
compliance with Mr. Brooks's request; but College, and has since had the oversight of a church in Scotland, is now pastor of the Manning's ta Potton: it may be presumed,
attached correctly to Ridgmount, and Mr. baptist church at Hammersmith, and our therefore, that the error exists in only part of knowledge of his character and attainments the impression. Such occurrences sometimes leads us to hope that he will prove a valuable take place at press, in working off a large accession to the corps of baptist ministers in the metropolis.
number, very much to the annoyance of all
editors. Our present number contains the substance Some of our correspondents are not aware of an address delivered by the Hon. and Rev. how much trouble they would save, and how Baptist W. Noel, at his baptism, which took many disappointments they would escape, if
, place in the presence of a large and solemn in addressing their communications, they were congregation at the chapel in John Street, to follow the directions given every month on Gray's Inn Lane, on the 9th of August. Mr. the wrapper.
EXPLANATION OF THE CUT.
Having received from Africa the drawing for the cut prefixed, our esteemed friend Mr. CLARKE has furnished us with the following explanation, in which there is a reference to the awful superstitions of the natives, but at the same time to their willingness to listen to the words of truth.
The accompanying wood-cut represents a times, as sacrifices to their idols. In this Djhu Djhu House, or what is called in the house about 296 skulls appeared to have been language of Bonny, Oru wari. This house offered in sacrifice, and the bodies, the missionstands in the large town of Okulume, which aries were told, bad, for the most part, been eaten lies on the south-eastern side of the river by the wretched slaves and miserable children Bonny, and about ten miles from its mouth. of this dark and cruel place. What a picture Connected with this town there may be of heathenism does this present! How many 10,000 inhabitants, some of whom are great are our mercies, and what cause have we to traders, and the rest are the women and bless God for our being in a land of gospel light! children of these, and their slaves. The | Here our missionaries found that Oru, or Oru wari, or house of Oru, is large, but not Djhu Djhu, was regarded as a spirit existing so neat in its appearance as the representation in the water, among the mangrove trees, and would lead you to suppose. Rough mangrove small huts were placed over certain spots in posts and wattled work form its sides and the creeks, as the houses from which Oru ends, and its covering is made of the leaves intimated his will. Oru is also supposed to of the bamboo palm. It has no doors nor live on shore, in one of the guapas, which go windows, and when our missionaries visited about the towns, and as they know not the the place in 1845, they found two oxen shel. one in which the supposed protector of their tering themselves from the burning sun in the town resides, a law exists which forbids, on house of the idol.
pain of death, the destruction of any of these At the one end of the house was a dark reptiles. In the large Djhu Djhu houses, by chamber, and near it was the altar, formed of the Ori ya lamba, or Oru men, the idol is mud and of skulls. Before it ten skulls of believed to give his intimations and answers, human beings paved the place of sacrifice; nine for the direction and protection of the town. more were on each side, two rows, of thirteen But even at this barbarous place, on the in each row, were upon the top, and ten more dark Delta of the mighty Niger, the people were towards the base of the altar. In the are willing to listen to the words of truth, and middle was the stuffed skin of a large guana, offer to allow a teacher to reside among them. and above and below it were two rows of thé They promise, too, to send their children for skulls of goats. Near to this altar stood a instruction, and a formal application has been pole, reaching from the ground to the top of made, through the captain of a palm oil the house, and to this pole were attached four vessel, for one to be sent to impart instruction rows of human skulls, thirty-three in each there. The inhabitants of Cushim are in row. On a platform roughly constructed, affliction, and the blessed gospel alone is the and raised about five feet from the ground, remedy for their wretchedness and woe. May lay from fifty to a hundred human skulls, we who have freely received, freely give, that mixed with the skulls of goats, all of which, the whole earth may soon“ see the salvation it was believed, had been offered, at different lof God."
ARRIVAL OF MR. AND MRS. SALE. We have received a letter from Mr. Thomas, dated June 2nd, which, after announcing the arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Sale on the 18th of May, proceeds as follows:
" They are very well, and I hope God will long preserve them and make them very useful. We have consulted about their future location and labours, and have agreed that upon the whole Barisal appears to present the strongest claims,