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no man may, without his authority, hinder believer receives the Lord's supper, it is the that baptismal profession by substituting a same act as when another receives it; and we parental act for the act of the person himself. may infer the duty of the one from the daty of Since baptismal dedication in infancy sets the other. But when an unconscious infant aside, with reference to all such infants, bap-has baptism forced upon it, and, being yet tismal profession in after life, the one must not unregenerate, receives the sign of regeneration, be lightly substituted for the other, lest a its baptism is a rite totally different from the human invention be found to subvert a divine baptism of a believer, who, as regenerate, ordinance. The commands of Christ to each voluntarily expresses by baptism his faith and penitent believer are plain, “Repent, and be his obedience. The duty, therefore, of one baptized ;' • Arise, and wash away thy sins ;' believer to baptize his infant cannot be inferred • He that believeth and is baptized shall be from the duty of another believer to be himsaved.' But where is the authority for the self baptized; and the case which rests upon baptismal dedication of the infant without pro- so forced an analogy must be weak indeed. fession? In vain do we look through the “But if there is no analogy between the whole New Testament for a line, for a word, in reception of the Lord's supper by women who its favour.
believe and the reception of baptism by uncon“ But why, it has been asked, do you not scious infants, there is a close analogy between equally insist on express authority for adminis- the reception of baptism by an infant and its tering the Lord's supper to women ? Men are reception of the Lord's supper. While belierexpressly commanded to receive it, but where ers are commanded to receive both baptism and is the express command for women ? I an- the Lord's supper, the word of God is silent swer, that there is express authority for their respecting the administration of either sacrareception of it. Women who believe in Christ ment to infants. It is, therefore, by the nature are by that faith disciples of Christ and chil- and design of the sacraments that we must dren of God, as much as believing men, Gal. judge whether or not they are to be adminisii. 26–28; Acts v. 14. When baptized, tered to them: and the analogy between the they are baptized into the church of Christ, two sacraments demonstrates that either both Acts viii. 3. They are, therefore, members of should be received by infants or both deferred churches as well as men, and are so addressed, till the infant bas become a believer. As the Rom. xvi. 1, &c., &c. They were, therefore, adult must believe before he can properly remembers of the church at Corinth, 1 Cor. xiv. ceive the Lord's supper, so he must believe 34. But all this church is said, by the apostle, before he can properly receive baptism. As to have assembled to receive the Lord's supper, the reception of the Lord's supper is a profeswomen as well as men, 1 Cor. i. 2; xi. 18, 20, sion of faith, so the reception of baptism is a 26. And as this habit was recognized by the profession of faith likewise. If, therefore, the apostle, and not condemned, it had his sanc- adult is qualified for baptism, he is qualified for tion; see also Acts ii. 38–42. Besides, if the Lord's supper; and if he is disqualified for there had been no express authority for the the Lord's supper, he is disqualified for baptism. admission of women to the Lord's table, there The qualifications for each ordinance are the would have been no similarity between the
But what is true of the sacraments cases. For in Christ Jesus there is neither generally, must be true of them with respect to Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, all who receive them : for the sacraments rethere is neither male nor female,' Gal. iii. 28. maining the same, the qualifications must reA believing woman before God is exactly as a main the same also. If, therefore, the infant believing man; and, therefore, the reception is qualified for baptism, he is qualified for the of the Lord's supper by a woman is exactly the Lord's supper; and if he is disqualified for the same spiritual act as the reception of it by a Lord's supper, he is disqualified for baptism. man : and since there is neither male nor fe- Hence it follows, that if you may infer the male in Christ Jesus,' a command given to baptism of infants from the baptism of believers, disciples generally is given to women as well as you may also infer the admission of infants to men; and when Jesus said to his disciples the Lord's table from the admission of believers respecting the cup, Drink you all of it,' he to it, for the qualification or disqualification of said it to women as well as men.
infants is the same in both cases. But if it “ What a shallow fallacy, likewise, it is to be superstitious and unlawful to administer the argue that because the same spiritual act may Lord's supper to infants because they have not be performed by two classes of believers, of the faith which is requisite for it, so it must be which one alone has been named in the precept, equally superstitious and unlawful to administer that therefore two opposite acts may be per baptism to them when they are equally incapaformed by these two classes ! When one ble of the faith which is requisite for it. If a
distinct authority is wanted to justify the ad- opinions.' 'It is lawful to follow the more mission of infants to the Lord's supper, it must probable opinion, rejecting the less probable, be equally wanted to justify their admission to although it may be the more safe. It is lawful baptism, because both ordinances require the to follow the less probable opinion, although it same qualifications.
may be the less safe. It is sufficient for un“ To those who ask authority for their exclu- learned men to act rightly, that they follow the sion from the ordinance of baptism, I reply opinion of a learned man neither is it that no such exclusion is needed. Christ's law necessary to be certain of acting rightly. He is, ^ Repent, and be baptized.' We know that does not sin who follows a probable opinion, we do his will when we baptize the believer ; rejecting the more probable, whether the latter and as he has not commanded the baptism of be the opinion of others or of the agent himinfants, it can be no violation of his command self, and whether the less probable opinion to delay their baptism till they become believo which he follows be the safer or the less safe.' ers. His silence renders it improbable that he We may follow a probable opinion without sin, intended them to be baptized; the required rejecting that which is more probable and more conditions of baptism render it more improbable; safe.' 'In fact, many opinions may be adduced and if no positive precept be found prohibiting which are prudently probable, although they the baptism of infants, as no precept is found may be contrary to scripture. We are never prohibiting their reception of the Lord's supper, more free from the violation of the law than yet the revealed nature and design of both when we persuade ourselves that we are not sacraments amount to such a prohibition. bound by the law. ... He who says that
“ All that the advocates of infant baptism can the law is not binding cannot sin. He, thereventure to say with reference to the evidence of fore, who follows the less rigid and less probable the New Testament is, that the exclusion of opinion cannot sin.” “Even in the administrainfants is not certain. But is this evidence tion of the sacraments it is lawfal to follow the enough upon which to baptize them? May less probable things, rejecting the more probaChrist's requirements of repentance and faith be ble. Of two contradictory probable opinions so lightly set aside ? Let us recall the rule of touching the legality or illegality of any human the apostle Paul in all cases of doubt, 'Let action, every one may follow in practice or in every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. action that which he would prefer, although it
1. He that doubteth is damned if he eat, may appear to the agent himself less probable because he eateth not of faith ; for whatsoever in theory.' is not of faith is sin,' Rom. xiv. 5, 23. Since “ This Jesuit doctrine certainly justifies inthere is no evidence that Christ intended infants fant baptism. The scripture says, “Let every to be baptized, and it is certain that he intended man be fully persuaded in his own mind.' Let believers to be so, it is safer to follow his declared every man ascertain by examination of scripture will than uncertain inferences which may be in that his course of conduct is agreeable to the opposition to it. Jesuit morality is indeed of a will of God. Let him obtain complete scripdifferent kind. “Probability,' the Jesuit says, tural evidence that he may lawfully neglect to
is a doctrine according to which, in the con- make a profession of his faith by immersion. currence (collision ?) of two opinions, of which The Jesuit replies, It would be an unsupportthe one is more probable and in conformity with able burden to the consciences of men, and the law, the other less probable but favouring render them liable to many scruples, if we were concupiscence, it is lawful to follow the latter bound to examine and to follow the more in practice.'-Extraits des Assertions, tom. i., probable opinions. It is lawful to follow the p. 27, note. •The authority of one good and more probable opinion, rejecting the less probalearned doctor renders an opinion probable.' ble, although the latter may be the more safe. That any opinion may be probable to me, it is the authority of one good and learned doctor sufficient that I have a reason which seems to renders an opinion probable.' Scripture seems me good, or the authority of a good doctor to command the immersion of all believers as a which is equivalent to a reason.' 'It is suffi- profession of their faith ; but Christians cannot cient for an inexperienced and unlearned man be bound to ascertain this duty for themselves. to follow the opinion which he thinks to be Many excellent men think infant sprinkling is probable, because it is maintained by good men, sufficient. Their authority renders this opinion who are versed in that art, although the opinion probable. It must be lawful to follow it.' may be neither the more safe, nor the more “ Scripture says, 'He that doubteth is damncommon, nor the more probable.' It would be ed if he eat, because he eateth not of faith, for an insupportable burden to the consciences of whatsoever is not of faith is sin :' in other men, and liable to many scruples, if we were words, • He that doubteth the sufficiency of inbound to follow and examine the more probable fant sprinkling is condemned if he adheres to it,
VOL. XII.FOURTH SERIES.
by refusing to profess his faith by immersion, It is certain that Christ has enjoined the imbecause he adheres to it without conviction that mersion of believers, and let it be remembered it is the will of God. For whatsoever is done that the sprinkling of infants is not an addition without belief that it is the will of God, is to this law, but a substitution for it. sin.'
"" The Reformers knew no baptism,' says “ The Jesuit replies, ' In the collision of two Mr. Budd, “but that of infants, and therefore opinions, of which the one is more probable and prepared no service for adults: that was a subin conformity with the law, the other less prob- sequent provision to meet the evils which had able, but favouring our wishes, it is lawful to been introduced by times of anabaptist confollow the latter in practice. It is much more fusion. They had no idea of a church the agreeable not to be immersed, though immersion membership of which was not constituted by was probably intended ; and therefore it is law. infant baptism.'—Budd's Pref. 233. ful to adhere to infant sprinkling. It is lawful "So completely had the baptism of believers, to follow the legs probable opinion, although it which alone is known in the New Testament, may be the less safe. Neither is it necessary vanished from the churches. Even now, except to be certain of acting rightly. We are certain in the baptist churches, not one person in a that Christ commanded believers to be im- hundred is baptized as a penitent believer; the mersed. We cannot be certain that he allowed baptism of profession is vanished, the baptism infants to be sprinkled; but it is lawful to super- of dedication by another has taken its place. sede the immersion of believers by the sprink- Spontaneous baptism is gone, the sprinkling of ling of infants notwithstanding.'
those who are without thought or will remains « Christ has said by his apostle Peter, “Re-Christ's law is nearly sunk into oblivion, the pent, and be immersed, every one of you;” and apocryphal corollary governs almost universal by his own lips, “ He that believeth and is bap- practice. Our Lord has said by his apostle, tized shall be saved.” How then can Christian • Repent, and be baptized;' and the churches churches lawfully prevent believers in general sprinkle those incapable of repentance. The from being baptized, by taking care to baptize New Testament records the baptism of bethem long before, when they are unregenerate lievers and of no infants; the churches now infants ?
sprinkle infants and scarcely any believers. All “The Jesuit replies, “There are many opinions the passages on baptism in the New Testament which are prudently probable, although they have lost their meaning, because baptism has may be contrary to scripture. The sprinkling been severed from faith, regeneration, remission of infants is one of these. Christ commands of sins, the death to sin, the new life, the put. believers to be immersed; but we think that he ting on Christ, salvation, all connected with could not intend it. We are not, therefore, baptism in the New Testament have ceased to bound by his command; and we are never be connected with it, because water is not more free from the violation of the law than administered to a different class of persons when we persuade ourselves that we are not without faith. And all this has happened bound by it. We declare that Christ's com- without any authority whatever from our mand to us to be immersed does not bind us; Lord. and he who says that the law is not binding “To my mind this alone is decisive. Incannot sin. It is utterly distasteful and of- ferences and indirect arguments, for an addition fensive to be plunged into water as a pro- to Christ's law which in reality subverts it, are fession of a death to sin, and a new life of inadmissable. Nothing but express and positive devotedness to God. And as we prefer the enactments can sanction an innovation so ensprinkling of us when we were infants to any tirely at variance with the spirit of the original such baptismal profession to be made by us as institution. Such enactment is wanting; and men, we may lawfully adhere to the former : the disciples of Christ seem, therefore, bound to for of two contradictory probable opinions, adhere to his declared will.”-pp. 126-137. touching the legality or illegality of any action, every one may follow in practice that which he
But as we proceed we find that we prefers.'
“This is human nature. In examining, are getting into difficulty. There is an therefore, the claims of a duty which is un aspect of freshness about Mr. Noel's fashionable and despised, let us take care that pages, arising from his having viewed we are not tainted by Jesuit morality, and that the subject from a position which we we do not refuse to make a profession which Christ has enjoined, from respect to human have never occupied, that induces mirthauthority or the fear of human censure, from fulness, and disposition to quote unduly. custom or convenience, from prejudice or pride. We must check ourselves.
To the pædobaptist ministers who no part of the honour of his enlightenread what we write, for we have reason ment. He is as innocent as they themto think that more pædobaptist minis- selves are of tampering with our conters read our pages than recommend troversial books; but he has done what them to their flocks, we beg to say two they can hardly blame, however much things. The first is that they must not they may regret the result, he has surhold us responsible for every sentence rendered himself to the teaching of the that our young brother has written. New Testament. Our candour induces He has learned some things among us to entertain the opinion that they them that he has not yet unlearned so will read this work for themselves, and fully as he will probably hereafter. The though they have not given our argusecond is that they may lay aside their ments their full weight in time past, friendly anxieties lest after all there who can tell what may occur now? should be some important differences We do hope that there will be as many between his views and ours, so that converts made from their ranks to ours after having left them he should be now by Mr. Noel-just about as manyunable to fraternize with us. It is all as will be made from the ranks of the right enough, we can assure them. Not establishment to dissent by the judgthat he is a convert of ours; we have I ment of Sir Herbert Jenner Fust.
The Pastor's Wife. A Memoir of Mrs. Sher-1 JOHN LEIFCHILD, D.D. London: R. T. S. man of Surrey Chapel. By her Husband. pp. 260. Second Edition. London: C. Gilpin, 1849. This work is intended to provide in a single 16mo., pp. viii., 375.
portable volume, for the use of persons about The appearance of this second edition, which
to emigrate, “important information on some we are pleased but not surprised to see, having
branches of general knowledge, adapted to led us to renew our acquaintance with tbe
their circumstances, and especially on those work, has deepened our impression that it is
points of religion which it may be needful to one of the most valuable pieces of female bio
have revived and strengthened in their minds, graphy that the church possesses. Usefulness
in the absence of accustomed religious means in the service of Christ was Mrs. Sherman's
and ordinances.” It comprises general views of habitual aim; to a considerable extent she was
Emigration, Dissertations on the Scenery of honoured with it in her life-time; but through
the Earth, on the Ocean, on the Starry Heathe instrumentality of this publication, in
vens, and on several topics connected with which she “yet speaketh,” we anticipate for
Natural History ; these are furnished we beher a usefulness far more extensive and endur
lieve by the author's son, and are respectably ing. The volume will be interesting to any
executed. The principal part of the volume, reader of taste into whose bands it may fall,
however, is theological, and consists of essays many of the letters it contains, written from
on elementary subjects, Short Discourses for different parts of the continent of Europe,
Families or larger companies, and Aids for being cheerful and picturesque ; to pious ladies
Devotional Exercises. It will be an acceptable generally the character portrayed will afford a
present to persons about to leave their native study, a stimulus, and an example ; while it
land and adventure into new and trying furnishes some suggestions peculiarly appropri
scenes. ate to those wbo are or who expect to be the The Communion Table, or]| Communicant's wives of Christian ministers.
Manual: a Plain and Practical Exposition
of the Lord's Supper. By the Rev. JOHN The Christian Emigrant : containing Observa CUMMING, D.D., Minister of the Scottish tions on different countries, and various National Church, Crown Court, Covent Natural Objects; with Short Essays, Dis Garden. London: Arthur Hall and Co. courses, Meditations, and Prayers. By 16mo., pp. 233.
Treatises on the Lord's supper from the pens It has been the aim of the compiler " to proof leading ministers in the various presbyterian vide a pleasing variety of hymns suitable for churches abound, but they are not generally children, and of metres popular with them." such as we can recommend without reserve and This book differs from all others with which be hesitation ; but the simple and scriptural is acquainted in three particulars : it omits all views presented in this volume, and illus- Dr. Watts's hymns;—there is an edition for trated in an attractive style, have afforded us teachers containing hymns suitable for their much satisfaction. We are delighted to receive prayer-meetings ;-and it combines these two from such a quarter, statements of which this objects in one cheap book, the teachers' edition is a sample : “ There is an idea prevalent in being charged an additional twopence. Our the minds of many, that the minister is to ad- copy contains only the hymns designed for the minister the sacrament to the individuals who children, and these appear to us to be well partake of it. The language, if properly ex- chosen. There are many which we do not replained is proper, but it is very frequently member having seen before. grievously misapprehended. At the Lord's supper there is no officiating priest. Doing a Cyclopædia of Moral and Religious Anecdotes: priestly act, or putting into your hands a piece a Collection of nearly Three Thousand Facts, of bread that will act like an exorcism, or con- Incidents, Narratives, Examples, and Testivey some mysterious and indefinable virtue, is
monies, embracing the best of the kind in not Christianity. The minister celebrates the
most former Collections, and some Hundreds ordinance as your servant for Christ's sake, and in addition, Original and Selected. The as a matter of order. You are the priests; we whole Arranged and Classified on a new are all priests, and we surround that table as plan, with copious_Topical and Scriptural true priests, celebrating a social ordinance Indexes. By the Rev. K. ARVINE, A.M., among ourselves, not receiving it from the
Pastor of the Providence Church, Nero York. hands of one who alone can communicate to it
The English Edition being Edited by a a virtue, which may render it a charm, a necro- Gentleman in London, who has, by agreement mancy. It is a social ordinance ; each having with the Author, arranged for its publication, equal access to God, equal privilege, equal and the entry of it at Stationers' Hall. acceptance, equal right to draw near to the London, No. 1. Price 18. Holiest of all.”—This volume contains much that will be interesting both to communicants The title-page describes the work correctly. and to inquirers.
It is recommended by Dr. Cheever, Dr. Tyng,
and other respectable American ministers. The Miscellaneous Works of Archibald Mac The whole is to be comprised in ten monthly Lean, one of the Pastors of the Baptist
numbers. Church, Edinburgh, Vols. V. and VI. Elgin : Peter Macdonald.
RECENT PUBLICATIONS Nine discourses on subjects of importance
Approved. were published by Mr. McLean, in a duodecimo
(It should be understood that insertion in this list is not a volume, at the beginning of the present century. These, with a few others, constituted the fourth enumerated,—not of course extending to every particular, bet
mere announcement: it expresses approbation of the works volume of the octavo edition of his works
an approbation of their general character and tendency.] which came out in 1823, under the superintendence of his friend and ardent admirer the late JOAN LIVINGSTONE, Minister of the Gospel, con
A Brief Historical Relation of the Life of Mr. William Jones. Volume fifth of the present taining several observations of the Divine Goodness series comprehends the nine, and three of those manifested to him in the several occurrences there which accompanied them. Volume sixth con- Written by Himself, during his Banishment in tains seventeen sermons which Mr. Jones found
Holland for the cause of Christ. With a Historical after Mr. McLean's death, in a state requiring ton, Knock-bracken. A New Edition, with Appen
Introduction and Notes, by the Rev. Thomas Housbut little correction, and which he published at the end of the octavo edition. It was over
dix. Edinburgh : Johnstone. pp. 290. sight, not design, which prevented the announce
Inspiration in Conflict with Recent Forms of ment of this to our readers some months ago ; Philosophy and Scepticism. The Lecture Delivered for these volumes contain a large quantity of at the Opening of the United Presbyterian Divinity good theology, sent forth by a benevolent pub- Hall Session, 1849. By John Eadie, LL.D., Prolisher at a small charge, and we think
it a pub- fessor of Biblical Literature to the United Presby; lic duty to aid in their circulation. Especially Sons. 18mo., pp. 42.
: we wish to do this, as Mr. Macdonald announces his intention to bring out a seventh
The Eclectic Review, for September, 1849. Convolume, provided a sufficient number of sub- tents : I. The Revenues of the Church. II. The scribers appear to save him from actual loss. Early Life of Chateaubriand. III, Curiosities of This would cost each subscriber an additional Glass-making. IV. The Scripture Testimony to five shillings, but it would bring him five hun- the Messiah. v. Werne's Expedition to the White dred pages from the pen of a clear-headed and
Nile. VI. The Works of William Etty. VII. right-hearted baptist, in some of whose convic- Lyell's United States. IX. Austria and Hungary.
Hinton's Doctrine of Immortality. VIII. Sir Charles tions we do not concur, but to whose writings London: Ward and Co. 8vo. we yet deem ourselves much indebted. The Sabbath Scholar's Hymn Book. Edited
The Christian Treasury: containing Contributions by SPENCER MURCH. Sudbury: Wright. I cal Denominations. September, 1849. Edinburgh :
from Ministers and Members of various EvangeliLondon : Houlston and Stoneman.
Johnstone and Hunter. 8vo., PP. 48.