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evidently upon the principle explained ( of Reynolds ! Oh, that persuasion, by Dr. Farre, the application of which mightyas that of Johnson, and entreaty, to the case of the working man is thrilling as that of a dying genius, might obvious. Unremitting labour saps the fall upon the ears and the hearts of all vital energy, it diminishes the produc- the people of God in this land, till they tive powers, its monotony jades the awake to the sanctification of the sabspirits, and cannot be persevered in bath !-J. Todd. without an influence most injurious to health being exercised upon the physical frame. The law, therefore, which

It is powerfully urged by the believenjoins a stated periodical rest from ers in a primitive sabbath, that we find toil is a beneficent one; it is framed by from time immemorial the knowledge divine wisdom and goodness, it consults of a week of seven days among all nathe temporal welfare of man, and can- tions, Egyptians, Arabians, Indians, not be violated with impunity.-J. B. in a word, all the nations of the east, Pike.

have, in all ages, made use of this week of seven days, for which it is difficult

to account without admitting that this To the working man the sabbath knowledge was derived from the combrings an inheritance to which his re

mon ancestors of the human race. - Dr. prieve from bodily toil is a matter of Kitto. only secondary consideration. It brings a stated opportunity for the cultivation of his best family affections, as well as

All nations in all ages have from for the improvement of his own mind, time immemorial, made the revolution as under the convenience of the day's of seven days to be the first stated respite from secular concerns, the mind period of time. And this observais let free from the arbitrary toils of tion is still continued throughout the common drudgery into the true liberty world, unless amongst them, who in of life, like a bird escaped from the other things are openly degenerated confinement of a cage to rejoice among from the law of nature, as those barits native branches; or like a plant laid barous Indians who have no computaopen to the sun, the sympathies of his tion of times but by sleeps, moons, and soul are drawn out and fostered into winters. The measure of time by a blossom and fruit, through the benign day and night is directed unto sense, influences of the Sun of Righteousness.” by the diurnal course of the sun ; lunar -J. Younger.

months and solar years are of an unsvoidable observation unto all rational

creatures. Whence, therefore, all men The great Dr. Johnson, on his death- have reckoned time by days, months, bed, sent for his friend Sir Joshua and years, is obvious unto all. Bat Reynolds, and required of him, on the whence the hebdomadal revolution, or strength of their friendship, that he weekly period of time, should make its should promise three things. The first entrance, and obtain a catholic admitand hardest to be obtained was, that tance, no man can give an account, but Sir Joshua would promise him that he with respect to some impressions on would never again paint on the holy the minds of men from the constitution sabbath. What a noble subject would and law of our natures, with the tradithis interview have made for the pencil tion of a sabbatical rest instituted from

the foundation of the world. Other and thrilling an interest as that.-Dr original, whether artificial and arbi-G. B. Cheever. trary, or occasioned, it could not have. -Dr. Owen.

It was an honour to the legal profes.

sion, and one that deserves to be Nor is there anything lost to the recorded of them, that, when a few

years since proposals were made for a community by the intermission of pub- Sunday delivery of letters in the metrolic industry one day in the week. For polis

, an immense body of the solicitors in countries tolerably advanced in signed a protest against the plan, claimpopulation and the arts of civil life, ing for themselves that exemption from there is always enough of human la- secular business which the sabbath of bour, and to spare. The difficulty is God has given to them, and the blessings not so much to procure as to employ it. of which they had, from experience, The addition of the seventh day's la- learned the value of.-J. Jordan. bour to that of the other six, would have no other effect than to reduce the price. The labourer himself who de- Take a Scotchman from any of the served and suffered most by the change sabbath-keeping districts of his native would gain nothing.-W. Paley. land, and place him in London, and, at

first, he is appalled at the way in which

the sabbath is desecrated, through laThe spot, of all places in North or bour and pleasure, in that great city; South America, to my mind the most but he gradually conforms to its usages, hallowed is the island where the fa- mingles in its scenes of pleasure, and tigued, desolate, almost perishing, pil- if needs be, engages in its heaven-defygrims spent their first sabbath. Yes!

ing labours. Take the same Scotchman, there they stopped and rested the seventh and place him in Paris, and there, too, day, and hallowed it, because they he is staggered on the first appearance would not desecrate it, even in seeking of the sabbath; but he soon becomes rest. O noble commencement of the inured to its desecrations

his confoundations of an enterprise, like which science is hushed asleep by the din of the world never saw, nor, probably, will labour, and the music of pleasure. H again see ever! Within half an hour's attends its theatres, dancings, boxings, sail of the coast, nay, within ten gambling-houses, and other innumerable minutes' sail, if the wind and tide modes by which the rest of the sabbath favoured, of the place where they were is abused, by which its moral effect is to abide all the rest of their pilgrimage, enfeebled and destroyed. Unnecessary they moored at the island, and would encroachments on the sabbatical rest not again set a sail that day, or take an may find a people obeying the sacred oar in hand, or do aught of worldly claims of that day, but it gradually work, because it was the Lord's day. diminishes respect for these claims.And there, upon that desolate island, D. Farquhar. frost-bound, habitationless, beneath a snowy sky, or what was worse, a freezing sleet, they dedicated the hours of I HAVE advised clergymen, in lieu of the sabbath to the worship of God! the sabbath, to rest one day of the There is no spot in all this scene, on weck; it forms a continual prescription which the vision rests with so solemn of mine.—Dr. Farre. VOL. XII. -POUNTIL SERIES.

HT

CHRONOLOGICAL PAGE FOR NOVEMBER, 1849.

SUN RISES & SETS

FAMILY BIBLE READING.

MEMORANDA.

1 Th 6 55 Jeremiah xxv. 4 32

Matthew xxy. 2 F 6 57 Jeremiah xxvi.

4 31 Matthew xxvi. 1-35, 3 S 6 59 Jer. xxvii. 1-11, Daniel i.

4 29 Matthew xxvi. 36—75.

4 | LD 7 0 | Psalms.

4 27 Psalms. 5 M 7 2 | Daniel ii.

4 26 Matt, xxvii. 1–56. 6 Tu 7 4 Ezekiel i., ii.

4 24 Matt, xxvii, 57–66, xxviii. 7 W7 6

Ezekiel viii., ix, 4 23 James i. 8 Th 7 7 Jer, xxvii, 12-22, xxviii.

4 22 James ïi. 9 F 7 9 Jeremiah xxix.

4 20 James ïïi. 10 S 7 10 Jeremiah xxxi.

4 19 | James iv.

11
LD 7 12 Psalms.

4 17 Psalms.
12 M 7 14 | Jeremiah xxxii.

4 16 James v. 13 Tu 7 16 Jer. xxxvü. 11–21, xxxviii.

4 14 Jude. 14 W7 18 | Jer, xxxix., 1, 1-6.

4 12 John i, 1-34. 15 Th 7 20 Lamentations i.

4 11 John i. 35-51, ii, 16 F

7 21 Lamentations ii.

4 10 John iii. 17 S 7 23 Lamentations iii.

4 9 John iv. 1-42,

79, Herculaneum and Pompeii destroyed.
Moon rises, 35 min. past 5, afternoon.
Moon sets, 41 min. past 8, morning.
Moon rises, 17 min. past 6, afternoon,
Moon sets, 55 min. past 9, morning.
Moon rises, 6 min. past 7, evening.
Sunday School Union Legsons,
Mark vii. 31, viii. 1-9, Deuteronomy vm.
1826, Tim. Thomas (Devon. Sq.) d., ag. 63.
Moon rises, 5 min, past 9, evening.
1817, Princess Charlotte died,
Baptist Irish Committee, 6, evening.
Moon's last quarter, 23 min. past 8,

morn.
Moon rises, 29 m. past 11, night,
1674, John Milton died.
Moon sets, 1 min. past 2, afternoon.
Moon rises, 41 min. past 12, morning.
1841, Prince of Wales born,
Moon rises, 53 min. past 1, morning.
1483, Martin Luther born.
Sunday School Union Lessons,
Matt. xvi, 13–28, Psalm xlix,
Moon rises, 11 min. past 4, morning.
Moon sets, 40 min. past 3, afternoon.
Moon rises, 20 min,

past 5, morning, Fraternal meeting, Moorgate St. at 4. Moon rises, 26 min. past 6, morning. New Moon, 13 min. past 9, night. Moon rises, 29 min. past 7, morning. Moon sets, at 5, afternoon. Moon rises, 31 min. past 8, morning. Moon sets, 35 m. past 5, afternoon. Moon rises, 28 min. past 9, morning. Moon sets, 16 min. past 6, evening, Sunday School Union Lessons, Matt. xvii, 1–13, Luke ix. 8–36, Ex.XXXÜL Moon rises, 17 min. past 11, morning. Moon sets, 52 min. past 7, evening, 1825, George Atkinson (Margate) died. Baptist Home Mission Committee at 6. 1824, W. Groser (Watford) died, aged 55. 1840, Princess Royal born. Moon rises, 50 min. past 12, noon, Moon sets, 52 min. past 10, night. Moon's first quarter, 24 min. past 2, morning. Moon sets, 58 min, past 11, night. Moon sets, 30 m. past 12, morning. Moon rises, 42 min. past 1, afternoon. Sunday School Union Lessons, Mark ix. 14-32, Exodus viii. 1703, the Great Storm. Moon sets, 20 min. past 2, morning. Moon rises, 1 min. past 3, afternoon. Stepney College Committee at 6. Moon sets 53 min. past 4, morning. Moon rises, 32 min. påst 3, afternoon. Moon sets, 12 min. past 6, morning. Moon rises, 8 min. past 4, afternoon. Full Moon, 25 min. past 3, morning. Moon rises, 51 min. past 4, afternoon,

18 LD 7 25 Psalms.

4 8 Psalms. 19 M 7 27

Jer. xl, 7-16, xli.

4 7 John ir. 43-54, v. 1-16. 20 Tu 7 28 Jer, xlii., xlii.

4 6 John v. 16-47. 21 W 7 30 Jeremiah xliv.

4 4 John vi, 1–40, 22 Th 7 31 Jeremiah I.

4 3 John vi. 41-71. 23 F 7 33 | Ezekiel xxxüü.

4 1 John viii. 1-31. 24S 7 35 Ezekiel xxxiv.

4 0 John vii. 31–53.

25 LD 7 36 Psalms,

3 58 Psalms. 26 M 7 38 Ezekiel xxxvii.

3 57 John viii, 12-59. 27 Tu 7 39 Daniel ïïi.

3 56 John ix, 28 W | 7 41 | Daniel iv.

3 55

John X. 29 Th 7 42 Daniel v,

3 55

John xi. 1–46. 30 F 7 44 Daniel vi.

3 54 John xi. 47-57, xii, 1.- 9

REVIEWS.

Experimental Evidence a Ground for above; and by examining the subject

Assurance that Christianity is Divine. analytically, ascertaining the nature of By GILBERT WARDLAW, A.M. Glasgow: the evidence, and classifying and comMaclehose. pp. 408.

bining, as far as possible, the modes of The Young Man's Guide against Infidelity;

proof, he has succeeded in filling up a embracing New Arguments, arising from | niche in our theological literature Recent Investigations in favour of the hitherto vacant; he has produced a Religion of Jesus. By the Rev. GRAHAM book doing equal justice to his head MITCHELL, M.A., F.R.S.A., Minister of and his heart, and laying the church of Whitburn. Edinburgh: Wm. Whyte and God under lasting obligations. Co. pp. 653.

At the outset our author clearly deEvidences of Christianity: a Course of fines his subject : Lectures delivered in Dundee during

“The words experimental evidence, if used 1848_9, by the Rev. W. Wilson, Free |

according to the ordinary signification of lanChurch ; A. HANNAY, Independent

guage, would denote evidence obtained by trial Church; and J. R. McGAVIN, United or experiment; and the experimental evidence Presbyterian Church. Dundee: William in support of Christianity, viewed in its just Middleton. 16mo., pp. 306.

extent, would comprehend all the modes of

experiment by which we can test the character These are testing times. Activity

of the system, so as to pronounce upon its

claims to a divine original. and research characterize our age. “The subject so indicated would include, Everything is now being re-examined therefore, not only those internal effects of At this we complain not. Truth suffers revealed truth which are peculiar to the mind

of the Christian, but those influences more not from investigation. Our holy faith

external and conspicuous, exerted by it on invites it fearlessly. Every fresh scru

human society at large, by which it has ever tiny, whether by friend or foe, only been found to advance the moral improvement, reveals more clearly the strength and civilization, and happiness of mankind, in a symmetry, the beauty and blessedness degree to which the human religions of past or

present times can make no pretensions. Yet, of the city of the Lord.

while adhering to this sense of the terms, it The evidences of revelation, external would be allowable to select a portion of the and internal, have been frequently and field, and to apply the phrase more restrictedly fully discussed. There is another branch to the former of the topics just mentioned ; of evidence, however, confessedly of

of namely, to that inward experience of the effi

cacy of the gospel which Christians have been high importance, which has not received wont to regard as a special attestation to its that careful, systematic, and extended heavenly character, and have designated, by consideration which its merits demand. way of excellence, the experimental evidence. We refer to experimental evidence,

ondo | In one view, indeed, the selection could hardly

be said to abridge the range of argument, or to " the proofs for the divine origin of exo

vine origin of exclude those more external influences to Christianity, furnished to the Christian which reference has been made. For the social by his own religious experience.” This tendencies of Christianity have no fixed source subiect Mr. Wardlaw has chosen: he except in those which are internal and personal. has brought to his task a well-trained

The argument from the former ultimately re

solves itself into that founded upon the latter, and well-furnished mind, and a heart to which it is in fact, when taken separately, deeply imbued with a holy unction from but a fainter parallel; nor can we reach a fully

conclusive opinion upon the evidence drawn earnest examination of this subject. from the superficial effects, without first apply.

The following remarks on its connexion

The follow ing our scrutiny to that more concentrated and

with faith are equally just and beautiprimary influence which the gospel exerts apon the character of individual believers.

ful: “ There is, however, a sense of the term

“For the invigoration of faith, all the evi. somewhat different from the preceding, belong

dences of revealed religion are valuable ; we ing to the more conventional and limited

would exalt no one portion of them to the phraseology of evangelical Christians, in which

depreciation of another. He is best furnished most probably it has passed into use in relation to the Christian evidences. It has been usual,

for warfare and for duty, who has embraced the with spiritual persons, to describe, by the term

largest compass of them, and seized them with experience, that whole series of mental affec

the strongest grasp. Yet the peculiar adrantions to which the faith of the gospel gives

tages of the experimental proof well deserve to origin, while yet the term is used, as denoting

be considered. The very limitation of its

character gives it a superiority for immediate not a trial for the obtaining of evidence, but the fact of the mind being itself the subject of

use, and bringe it within the reach of those these affections, so as to learn by consciousness

who possess not the leisure or the ability for the lessons which prepare man for his great

processes of argument. Being little concerned spiritual destiny. In accordance with this,

in antiquarian or historic research, it can be the term experimental, expressing whatever is

appealed to by every Christian conscious of relative to such experience, has been applied

the changes wrought upon his heart within, to that proof of Christianity which has been

where this evidence developes itself. From its thought to be deducible from it. It is of

very nature, also, if its validity be once esta

blished, it must bave much of the force and comparatively small importance under which of these associated senses we use the vord in

constancy of consciousness itself. Its materials discussing our present topic of evidence. The

nm lying ready in the deposit of memory, and conseparate ideas meet in the same subject with

| tinually reproduced in the daily experience of

the life of faith, are more firmly seized by the equal truth, and, indeed, shade into each other. While the sense of experiment suggests most

| mind as a ground of inference, and form a

nucleus around which the whole range of condirectly the nature of our argument, it must be granted us to apply the above terms in the

firmatory evidences may gather themselves. more confined evangelic acceptation, as we

While other evidences can hardly be said to propose to do, for convenience and brevity's

convey, to any one destitute of the experisake, in the following pages.” pp. 1–4.

mental, more than a strong presumption, and that usually an alarming one, that Christianity

must be true, he who has felt its transforming With much power the subject is energy in his moral nature, attains at once a commended to the serious consideration

solid and happy conviction, and has the

foundation laid for the fullest assurance of of "several classes of persons. To invisible realities, which it is possible to attain the Christian it is pre-eminently advan- in this world of sense and sight.” pp. 12, 13. tageous. It cannot fail to promote personal edification, to strengthen faith, Our limited space forbids our followto aid in repelling sudden temptations, ing our author in the different steps and to conduct to more vivid and con- and stages of his admirable dissertaclusive views than could otherwise be tion. He gives us a description of obtained of both the internal and ex- Christian experience, in its essential ternal evidences of Christianity. To characteristics and principal varieties, those "almost” Christians who admit free from fulsome eulogy on the one Christianity must be divine, but who hand, and from affected depreciation on have not experienced its regenerating the other. “Whatever may be the power, the subject is commended as notions of those who look upon the peculiarly suited to lead their souls to Christian from without, he knows himGod. The less deeply prejudiced unbe- self the sincerity of his religion, and is lievers or doubters, are also, by power conscious of its effects within him." ful argument and appeal, invited to the For this experience no natural causes

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