« EelmineJätka »
MARZIALS, Frank Thomas; Accountant. sina,' 'Ikoniya, the Mother of the Vezier,' | MOSCA, Gaetano; Professor of Constitutional
(C. MI.) MOSCHINI, V.; Mayor of Padua. (V. Mo.) in the 'Life of Thackeray,' 'Life of Gambetta,' etc.
(F. T. M.)
MILL, Hugh Robert, D.Sc. (Edin.), LL.D.(St MOTT, Frederick Walker, M.D., B.S.
Lond., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.; Physician to Out-
Patients, Charing Cross Hospital; Patho. Hall, London ; author of 'Sharps and editor of 'Symons' Meteorological Magazine'
logist to the London County Asylums ; Flats. (J. N. M.) since 1901 ; Hon. Corresponding Member of the
Croonian Lecturer, Royal College of Physicians,
(F. W. Mo.) Ethnology, U.S. Nat. Museum, Washington ;
dam, Budapest, Brisbane, and Philadelphia ; | MUIR,, John, A.M., LL.D.; U.S. Explorer author of The Hupa Indians,' . 'Woman's
Recorder of Section E, British Association, and Naturalist; discoverer of the Muir glacier, Share in Primitive Culture, Cradles of the
1893-99; President, Section E, 1901; Britislı Alaska; author of The Mountains of Cali. North Ainerican Indians,' The Antiquities of
Delegate to International Conference on the fornia' and of numerous articles on the natural Guadeloupe,' etc.
(O. T. M.)
Exploration of the Sea, at Christiania, 1901 ; history of the Pacific Coast, Alaska, etc.;
author of 'Rainband,' 'Rain-gauge,' Thermo- Editor ' Picturesque California. (J. Mo*.) MATHEWS, George Ballard,
meter,' Whirlpool,' in Ninth Edition of Ency. F.R.S.; laté Professor of Mathematics, Uni. Brit., Realm of Nature, The Clyde Sea MUIR,, Robert, M.A., M.D., C.M.; Professor versity Coll. of Wales; formerly Fellow of St Area,' 'The English Lakes,' 'Hints on the
of Pathology, University of Glasgow; Examiner John's Coll., Cambridge ; author of ' A Treatise Choice of Geographical Books,' 'New Lands,'
in Pathology, Oxford ; senior assistant to the Bessel Functions' (part), “Theory of "The International Geography, etc. (H. R. M.)
Prof. of Pathology, Edinburgh, and Pathologist Numbers,' etc. (G. B. M.)
to Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 1892 ; Lecturer MILLINGEN, Alexander Van,. M.A.; on Pathological Bacteriology, Edinburgh, 1894 ; MATTHEWS, Brander, LL.B.,, D.C.L., Robert College, Constantinople; author of Professor of Pathology, St Andrews, 1898-99 ;
A.M.; Professor of English, Columbia Uni. * Byzantine Constantinople,' etc. (A. VAN M.) author of 'Manual of Bacteriology' (with Dr versity ; author of 'French Dramatists of the
J. Ritchie), 'Scientific Papers,' etc. (R. Mo*.) Nineteenth Century,''Introduction to the Study MILMAN, Sir Archibald John Scott, of American Literature,' . Aspects of Fiction and
K.C.B., thé late; Clerk of the House of Com- MUNRO, Wilfred H.; A.M., Professor Other Ventures in Criticism, etc. (B. M.)
mons 1900, retired 1902; entered service of of European History, Brown University, House of Commons in 1857 ; promoted
(W. H. Mu.) MATTHEWS, George Edward,, A.B.; editor of The Buffalo Express,' Buffalo,
Second Clerk Assistant, 1870; Clerk Assist
MURPHY, Shirley Forster, M.D., ant, 1886-1900.
(A. J. S. M.)
M.R.C.S.; Medical Officer of Health, Adminis
employed by Japanese Govt. as geologist and Sweden, and of Roy. Soc. Hygiene, Italy ; erick, K.C.B.; commanded Woolwich District,
mining engineer; established the Seismic Sur. author of Infectious Disease and its Preven.' 1895-1901; Ashanti Campaign, 1873-74; South vey of Japan; designer of seismographs and tion,' editor of Our Homes and How to make Africa, 1879; Zulu Campaign, 1880 ; Egyptian instruments to record vibrations on railways, them Healthy,' etc.
(S. F. M.) Expedition, 1982; Intelligence Dept. War Office; etc.; author of Earthquakes,' 'Seismology, Sudan, 1894; A.Q.M.G.; Nile, 1885; Professor
MURRAY, Sir George Herbert, K.C.B. ; of Military History, Staff College, Aldershot,
Secretary to the Post Office since 1899; entered 1892-93; commanding R.A., Colchester, 1893- | MILTON, James Tayler, M.I.C.E.; Chief Foreign Ofice, 1873 ; transferred to Treasury, 95; Maj. Gen., Dec. 1895; author of War,'
Engineer Surveyor, Lloyd's Register of Ship- 1880; private secretary to Mr Gladstone in Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.,' 'Life of
ping; Member of Inst. of Naval Architects and Earl of Rosebery when Prime Minister; Frederick Denison Maurice,' Hostilities without
and of the Iron and Steel Inst., etc. (J. T. Mi.) Chairman Board of Inland Revenue, 1897Declaration of War,' Balance of Military MINCHIN, E. A., M.A., T.Z.S.; Jodrell
(G. H. M.) Power in Europe,' War,' National De
Professor of Zoology and Comparative Ana- MUTHER, Dr Richard, Professor of Art fences.'
(J. F. M*.)
tomy, Univ. Coll., London; late Fellow of History, University of Breslau; author of The MAUS, Octave; editor of 'L'Art Moderne,' Merton Coll., Oxford ; late Lecturer Comp. History of Modern Painting,' 'The Oldest Brussels.
(O. M*.) Anatomy, Oxford ; late Lecturer in Biology, German Picture Bibles,' 'Gothic and Early
Guy's Hospital ; author of Sponges, Renaissance Illustrations of German Books,' MAXWELL, William H., A.M.I.C.E.; etc.
(E. A M.) 'A Century of French Painting,' etc. (R. MR.) Borough and Waterworks Engineer, Tunbridge Wells Corporation; author of "The Removal MITCHELL, Hugh; of Gibraltar; Barrister: MYRES, J. L.; Student and tutor of Christ and Disposal of Town Refuse,' 'Destructors at-Law, Inner Temple.
(E. M*.) Church, Oxford'; author of 'A Catalogue of and Steam Production,' etc. (W. EL MA.) MITCHELL, Peter Chalmers, D.Sc.,
the Cyprus Museum.'
(J. L. M.) MAYO-SMITH, Richmond, Ph.D., the
M.A., F.Z.S. ; Lecturer on Biology at the Lon. late; Professor of Political Economy, Columbia
don Hospital Medical College ; University
Demonstrator in Comparative Anatomy, and
(R. M.-S.) 91; Lecturer on Biology at Charing Cross MEAD, Hon. Elwood: in charge of Irriga.
Hospital, 1892-94; at London Hospital...1894: NAIRNE Rev. Alexander, M.4Pro
examiner in Biology ; fessor of Hebrew and Old Testainent Exegesis tion' Investigations, U.S. Department of
anthor of 'Outlines of Biology,' "The Biologi- in King's Coll., Lond. ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., Agriculture.
cal Problem of To-day' (translated), Thomas Cambridge, 1887-93 ; Vice-Principal of Clergy MEAKIN, Budgett, author of 'The
Henry Huxley,' etc.
(A. N*) Moorish Empire,' etc.
(B. M*.) MONCKTON, Lionel; composer, and musical NANSEN, Fridtjof, D.Sc., LL.D., D.C.L., MEISSAS, Gaston; meinb. Société de
critic to the Daily Telegraph.' (L. M.) Ph.D.; went to Greenland Sea, 1882; curator Géographie; author of 'Marseilles,' and (part) | MONKHOUSE, William Cosmo, the
in Natural History Museum, Bergen; went of Paris,' in the Ninth Edition of the 'Ency. late Assistant Sécretary (Finance) Board of
across Greenland, 1888-89; curator Museum of Brit.,' 'Grands Voyageurs de notre siècle,' Trade; served on several Departmental Com
Comparative Anatomy, Christiania University; etc.
made his North Pole Expedition, in which he MERCATELLI, Luigi, late
reached the highest latitudo until then attained corte
Fund, 1894-96; author of The Christ upon spondent in Abyssinia of La Tribuna.' (L. ME.) the Hill,' 'A Question of Honour,'. The
(86 deg. 175 m.), 1893-96; Prof. of Zoology,
Across Earlier English Water-Colour Painters,' 'The
Christiania University; author of MERRIFIELD, Webster, LL.D.; Presi. Italian Pre-Raphaelites,' * British Contem- Greenland,' 'Eskimo Life,' 'Farthest North, dent and Professor of Political Economy, State porary Artists,' etc.
The Norwegian North Polar Expedition, University of North Dakota. (W. Ms.)
Scientific Results,' etc.
(F. N.) MONTAGU, Sir Samuel;. head of the MERRILL, Hon. Frederick James
banking firm of Samuel Montagu and Co., NASH, James Okey, M.A., of the Community Hamilton, Ph.D.; Director of N.Y. State London; member of Gold and Silver Com
of the Resurrection.
(J. O. N.) Museum, Albany, N.Y., N.Y. State Geologist;
mission, 1887-90; author of magazine articles NATHAN, Major F. L., R.A. ; SuperintendFellow Am. Ass. Adv. Science and Geol. Soc.
on Finance, Decimal Currency, Weights and ent of the Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham of America; Member Am. Inst. Mining En. Measures, etc.
(S. M.) Abbey.
(F. L. N.) gineers, Am. Soc. of Naturalists, Nat. Geol. Soc., etc.
(F. J. H. M.)
MOORE, Hon. John Bassett, LL.D.; NATHAN, Major Matthew, C.M.G., R.E.;
Governor of Gold Coast; served in Nile Ex-
Col. Defence Com. 1895 - 1900; administered veyors’ Inst., etc.; late Engineer-in-Charge of national Arbitrations,' etc.
(J. B. M*.) Government Sierra Leone, 1899. (M. N.) Surveying of Forth Bridge ; Instructor in Sur. vəying, Central Tech. Coll., S. Kensington ; MORENO, Dr Francesco P.; donor and
NELSON, William Rockhill, Editor-inLecturer on Waterworks, Engineering and Sew. director of the La Plata Museum, Buenos Aires;
Chief of the Kansas City Star,' Kansas City, repr. in Great Britain of the Argentine in conage, Univ. Coll., London ; part author of 'A
(W.R. N.) Treatise on Surveying,' etc.
nexion with Chilian Argentine Boundary Dis(R. E. M.)
pute; author of 'La Plata,' etc. (F. P. M.) NEWCOMB, Prof. Simon, Ph.D., LL.D., MIJATOVICH, Chedomille; Senator of MORFILL, William Richard, M.A.; Pro
D.Sc., D. Nat. Phil.; Superintendent U.S. the kingdom of Servia since 1875; Envoy Exfessor of Russian and the other Slavonic lan.
Nautical Almanac; Foreign Mem. Royal Society, traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of
London; Assoc. Institute of France, etc.; the King of Servia to the Court of St James, guages, Oxford ; Curator of the Taylor Institu
author of 'Moon' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. tion, Oxford ; anthor of 'Russia' (History 1895-1900; transferred to Constantinople, 1900 ;
Brit.,' 'Popular Astronomy,' etc. editor of
; Minister of Finance and Cominerce of Servia,
and Literature) in Ninth Edition of 'Ency: American Journal of Mathematics. (S. N.)
Brit.' 1873; Minister of Foreign Affairs and Finance,
(W. R. M.) 1880; Servian Minister to the Court of St MORSE, John Torrey, Jr.; sometime Lec- NEWELL, Frederick Haynes; HydroJames, 1884; Servian Plenipotentiary for the
on History, Harvard University ; author grapher of the U.S. Geol. Survey; author of conclusion of peace with Bulgaria, 1886;
of biographies of Alexander Hamilton, Abraham ' Agriculture by Irrigation,' 'Hydrography of Lincoln, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jeffer
the United States,' etc. Member of Royal Servian Academy of Science;
(F. H. N.) corresponding member of South Slavonić son, etc., and of The Life and Letters of Oliver NEWSOM, George Ernest, M.A.; ViceAcademy; hon. member of Royal Hist. Soc.
(J. T. Mo.)
Principal of King's College, London. (G. E. N.) London; author of several publications in MORTON, Hon. Julius Sterling (the NEWTON, Henry G., M.A., LL.B.; Referee Servian on Political Economy, Finances, His. late); sometime U.S. Secretary of Agriculture tory of Commerce, and History of Servia in
(A. G. N.) and President of Nebraska State Historical
in Bankruptcy, New Haven, Conn. Fifteenth Century; novels - 'Rayko of Ras. Society.
(J. S. M*.) | NISBET, C.
NORTON, Charles Eliot, LL.D.; Professor Expedition ; British Commissioner under Anglo- | POLLEN, John Hungerford, M.A.; Ex.
of the History of Art, Harvard ; Dante scholar Chinese Convention of 1890; Deputy Commis- aminer for Art, South Kensington; Fellow of and translator ; author of 'Church Buildings sioner of Darjeeling.
(A. W. P.) Merton Coll., Oxford ; Professor of Fine Arts in in the Middle Ages';, editor of Letters of PEACH, Capt, E., Indian Staff Corps; author
Catholic University of Dublin; Cantor Lecturer, James Russell Lowell,' 'Correspondence of
of 'Tactics-Savage Warfare,' etc. Carlyle and Emerson, Writings of George
Society of Arts, 1885; author of 'Carving,'' Fili(E. P.)
gree,' Furniture,' in Ninth Edition of Ency. William Curtis,' etc.
(C. E. N.) PEARSON, Karl, M.A., LL.B., F.R.S. ; Pro- Brit.,' 'Ancient and Modern Furniture and NORTON, Professor Richard N.; Ameri.
fessor of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Woodwork,' • Ancient and Modern Gold. and can School of Archäology, Rome. (R. N. N.)
University College, London ; Gresham Professor Silver-smiths' Work, "The Trojan Column,' of Geometry, 1892-94 ; Darwin Medal Royal etc.
(J. H. P.) NOTTER, Col. J. Lane, M.A., M.D., Society, 1898 ; author of Grammar of Science,' POLLOCK, Sir Frederick, Bt., LL.D., R.A.M.C., F.C.S.; late Prof. of Military 'Enlarged Grammar of Science,' 'The Chances
D.C.L.; Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence, Hygiene, Netley; author of "The Theory and of Death, and other Studies in Evolution,' Practice of Hygiene,' etc. (J. L. N.)
Oxford; editor of the Law Reports from 1895; The Ethic of Freethought,' 'Die Fronica,
Fellow Trin. Coll., Camb. 1868 ; Corresponding a History of the Mediaval Portraits of
member Institute of France, 1894; Professor of Christ,' etc.
Jurisprudence, University Coll., London, 18820
PELSENUR, PAUL, D.Sc. (Brussels); cor. 83; Professor of Common Law in the Inns of member of the Royal Belgian Academy of
Court, 1884-90; member Royal Labour ComO'DONOGHUE, Freeman M., F.S.A. ;
Science; member of the Belgian Committee of mission, 1891-94 ; author of Sword,' Tort'in Assistant Keeper of Prints, British Museum; Mariculture; Professor in the Normal School,
Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Principles of author of Catalogue of the Collection of Playing
Ghent; lecturer, Brussels University ; author Contract,' 'The Law of Torts,' 'Digest of the Cards bequeathed to the British Museum by
of Introduction à l'Étude des Mollusques,' Law of Partnership, The Land Laws,'' His. Lady Charlotte Schneber,' 'A Descriptive and
Report on the Pteropoda,' "The Anatony of tory of English Law,' 'Spinoza, Lise and Philo. Classified Catalogue of the Portraits of Queen
the Deep-Sea Mollusca, etc.
(P. P.) sophy,' 'A First Book of Jurisprudence,' The Elizabeth,' etc. (F. M. O'D.) | PEMBREY,
Etchingham Letters,' 1899 (with E. Fuller Marcus Seymour, M.A., Maitland).
(F. Po.) O'NEILL, Æneas; Assistant Correspondent M.D.; Lecturer in Physiology, Guy's Hospital of "The times," Vienua.
(M. S. P.) POORE, George Vivian, M.D. ; Professor of
Medicine and Clinical Medicine, University ORDE-BROWNE, Capt. C., the late;
PENDEREL - BRODHURST, James College, London; medical attendant to late author of Armour' and its Attack by Artillery, George Joseph; editor of Land,' 1881-83,
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, 1870-71 ; and Short Notes on Field Batteries,' 'Ammunition assistant editor of 'St James's Gazette,' 1888
Prince of Wales, 1872; received Dannebrog for for Rifled Ordnance,' etc. (O. O.-B.) 93, editor of 'St James's Budget, 1889-98;
professional services to the Princess Thyra,
author of 'The Life and Times of King Edward OWEN, Capt. C. R. B., R.A. ; late Pro
Duchess of Cumberland, 1872; Physician Unifessor of Artillery, Ordnance College; Assist. VII.,' part author of "The Royal River and
versity Coll. Hospital, 1876 ; Secretary-General Abbeys and Churches of England and Superintendent, Roy. Carriage Dept., Woolwich Wales.'
of Sanitary Congress, 1891, etc. ; author of
(J. G. J. P.-B.) Arsenal, (C. R. B. O.)
Essays on Rural Hygiene,' 'A Treatise on
Medical Jurisprudence.' OWEN,
(G. V. P.) PENNELL, Joseph, artist; anthor of 'A Can. Edmund, M.B. Lond., F.R.C.S.; Senior Surgeon to $t Mary's Hospital, London,
terbury Pilgrimage,' 'An Italian Pilgrimage, | PORTER, W. Haldane, B.A.; Barrister, and Consulting Surgeon to the Children's Hos.
Two Pilgrims' Progress,'. 'Our Sentimental Middle Temple; Chancellor's English Essay, pital, Great Ormond Street; Member of the Journey through France and Italy,' Pen Draw.
(W. H. Po.) Council, and late Member of the Court of Ex
ing and Pen Draughtsmen,' 'Our Journey to amniners of Royal College of Surgeons ; Examiner
the Hebrides,' 'The Stream of Pleasure, The POST, George B. ; Architect; Member of the
Jew at Home,'. Play in Provence, Modern Am. Society of Civil Engineers. (G. B. P.) in Surgery at the Universities of Cambridge
Illustration, The Illustration of Books, The POTTER, Rt. Rev. Henry Codman, D.D., and of London; Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem ; Corresponding
Work of Charles Keene,' 'Lithography and
Lithographers.' Member of the Imperial Medical Military
LL.D.; Bishop of the Diocese of New York; (J. P*.)
author of "The Church and Her Children, Academy of St Petersburg, of the Canadian PERSHING, James H., A.B.; Lecturer on
The Scholar and the State,' etc. (H. C. P.) Medical Association, and of the Association of International Law in the University of Denver, American Orthopædic Surgeons; Hon. Surgeon and Professor of Medical Jurisprudence in
POULTON, Edward Bagnall, M.A., D.Sc.;
Hon. LL.D. Princeton, F.R.S. ; Hope Professor to the Royal Society of Musicians; late Presi. Gross Medical College, Denver, (J. E PE) dent of the Medical Society of London ; author
of Zoology, Oxford ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., of 'A Manual of Anatomy for Senior Students'
PETERSON, Frederick, Ph.D., M.D. ; Presi. Oxford ; Member of Council of Royal Society, “The Surgical Diseases of Children.' (E. O*) dent New York Neurological Society and Presi.
1897-99; Member of Hebdomadal Council of dent of the Board of Managers of Craig Colony
Oxford; Demonstrator in Anatomical Departfor Epileptics, Chief of Clinic, Department of
ment of University Museum, 1877-79; Lecturer Neurology, Columbia University. (F. P*) in Natural Science, and tutor of Keble College, P
Oxford, 1880-89 : Lecturer in Natural Science, PETRIE, William Matthew Flinders, Jesus College, Oxford, 1880-88; author of The D.C.L., Litt.D., LL.D., Ph.D.; Edwards Pro
Colours of Animals,' 'Charles Darwin and the PAGET, Sir John R., Bart., LL.B., K.C.; fessor of Egyptology, University Coll. London ; Gilbart Lecturer on Banking. (J. R. P*)
Theory of Natural Selection,' many memoirs on
surveying British remains, 1875-80; excavating Zoological Subjects in the Proceedings and PAGET, Stephen, F.R.C.S.; Surgeon to West in Egypt, 1880-1901 ; author of 'Pyramid, Transactions of the Royal, Linnæan, 200London Hospital ; Surgeon to Throat and Ear
Weights and Measures,' in Ninth Edition of
logical, Entomological, and other learned Department, Middlesex Hospital ; author of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Stonelience,' 'Pyramids and Societies.
(E. B. P.) * The Surgery of the Chest, John Hunter,' Temples of Gizeh,'. 'Season in Egypt,' 'Racial *Ambroise Paré and his Times,' Esperiments Portraits,' "Historical Scarabs, Ten Years' POWELL, F. York, M.A.; Regius Professor on Animals,' Memoirs and Letters of Sir James Digging,' History of Egypt,' 'Tel el Amarna,' of Modern History, Oxford; Student of Ch. Ch., Paget.' (S. P.) 'Egyptian Tales, Decorative Art,' 'Six Tem.
Oxford ; author of Icelandic Language,' etc.,
ples at Thebes,'. 'Religion and Conscienco in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,'. Alfred the PALGRAVE, Robert Harry Inglis, Ancient Egypt,' 'Syria and Egypt, 'Royal
Great and William the Conqueror,' 'History of F.R.S. ; editor of Economist,' 1877-83; author Tombs of the First Dynasty,' 'Royal Tombs of England to 1509.
(F. Y. P.) of The Local Taxation of Great Britain and
the Earliest Dynasties,' etc. Ireland,' 'Notes on Banking in Great Britain
(W. M. F. P.) POYNTING, John Henry, D.Sc., F.R.S.; and Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, and Hamburg, PFEIL, Count Joachim Von, one of the
late Fellow of Trin, Coll., Camb.; Professor of "An Analysis of the Transactions of the Bank founders of German East Africa; sometime resi- Physics and Dean of the Faculty of Science, of England for the years 1844-72,'' Bank Rate dent in Bismarck Archipelago; author of 'The Birmingham University; author of the Adams in England, France, and Germany, 1844. Founding of the Boer States, Studies and Ob. Prize Essay (1891) on the Mean Density of 1878'; editor of 'Dictionary of Political servations in the South Seas,' etc. (J. von P.)
the Earth, A Text-Book of Physics' (with Economy.' (R. H. I. P.) PHELAN, Hon. James Duval; Mayor of
Professor J. J. Thomson), and various physical papers.
(J. & P.) PAPILLON, Rev. Thomas Leslie, M.A.; San Francisco, 1896-1901.
(J. D. P.) late Fellow of Merton Coll, and of New Coll.,
PRINCE, Hon. L. Bradford, LL.D.; Presi. Oxford ; author of A Manual of Comparative PHILLIMORE, George Grenville, M.A.,
dent of the Bureau of Immigration of the terriB.C.L.; Philology'; editor Dean Bradley's Aids to
Barrister-at-Law of the Middle tory of New Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mexico; Writing Latin Prose,' etc.
(T. L. P.)
(G. G. P*.) ex-Governor of the State of New Mexico;
PHILLIMORE, Walter George PARKIN, George Robert, LL.D., C.M.G. ;
President of the New Mex. Hist. Soc. ; author Principal of Upper Canada College, Toronto, Frank, Bt., D.C.L., LL.D.; Judge of the
of 'New Mexico' in Ninth Edition of Ency.
(L. B. PR.) Round the Empire,'. 'The Great Dominion,
Law,' 2nd ed. of Phillimore's Ecclesiastical PROCTER, Hon. John Robert, President Life and Letters of Edward Thring.' (G. R. P.)
Law, 3rd ed. of vol. iv. of Phillimore's Inter- U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, national Law.'
(W. G. F. P.) D.C.; Geologist State of Kentucky, 1880-1893; PARSONS, William Barclay : Chief Engineer of the Underground Railway, New York PHILLIPS, R. W., M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S.; Pro
author of Kentucky' in Ninth Edition of
‘Ency. Brit.' City.
(J. R. P.) fessor of Botany in the University Coll. of North (W. B. P.)
author of 'Memoirs on the Physi. PROUT, Major Henry Gosler, editor of PASCO, Hon. Samuel; Member of the Nicara. ology of Plants,' 'Morphology of the Algae,' The Railroad Gazette, New York; sometime gua Canal Commission, United States Senator etc.
(R. W. P.) Governor of the Provinces of the Equator, from the State of Florida, 1887-99. (S. PA.) PHILLPOTTS, Col. A. H. C., R.A.
Africa, and Colonel of Engineers, Army of the
(A. H. C. P.)
(8. G. P.) Diarmid Noel, M.D., B.Sc., F.R.C.P. Ed.; Superintendent of Research
PINCHOT, Gifford, B.A. ; Forester of the PROWSE, Daniel Wodley, K.C., LL.D., Laboratory of Royal College of Physicians, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Special Lec.
D.C.L. ; retired Judge Central District Court of Edinburgh, 1889; Lecturer on Physiology, turer in the Forest School, Yale Univ. ; author
Newfoundland ; appointed Judge Central DisSchool of Medicine of Royal Colleges, Edin
of The White Pine.'
trict Court, 1869; Commissioner for the Con. burgh, 1886; Biological Fellow of Edinburgh
solidation of Colonial laws ; Chairman Board University, 1884; Meinber of the Royal Com. PITMAN, Charles Murray; stroke of the of Health, 1893-96 ; anthor of History of mission on Salinon Fisheries ; author of many Oxford Eight, 1893-95. Author of articles on Newfoundland, 'Manual for Magistrates in papers on Physiological subjects. (D. N. P.) Rowing.
(O. M. P.) Newfoundland,' numerous pamphlets and news. paper articles.
(D. W. P.) PAUL, Alfred Wallis, C.I.E., B.A.; late PITT, Walter, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Member of
Scholar of Wadham College, Oxforel; Indian the Committee of International Maritime Con: PULLAN, Rev. Leighton, Fellow of St Civil Service (retired): Political Officer Sikkim ference (London), etc.
(W. P*.) John's Coll., Oxford ; author of 'History of
Early Christianity,' 'Lectures on Religion,' Britischen Reiches,' "Vasco da Gama's First | RICHARDSON, Charles Francis, A.M., etc.
(L. P.) Voyage,' 'Map, Equatorial Africa,''Systematic Ph.D.; Professor of English, Dartmouth
(E. G. R.) College, N.H.; author of History of Ameri. Trinity Coll., Dublin, and Professor of Natural
can Literature,' 'The Choice of Books,' etc., RAYLEIGH, Lord, 3rd Baron, D.C.L.
etc. Philosophy, University of Dublin. (F. Pu.) (Hon. Oxon.), LL.D., D.Sc. (Camb. and Dublin),
(C. F. R.) È.R.S.; PURSER, J., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., M.R.I.A. ;
Professor of Natural Philosophy, RICHARDSON, Professor Rufus B.;
House; Cavendish Professor of Experimental
(R. B. R.) Physics, Cambridge, 1879-84; Secretary of PUTNAM, George Haven, A.M., Litt.D.; Royal Society, 1887-96 ; author of Optics,'
RICHMOND, Sir William Blake, R.A., Head of the publishing House of G. P. Putnam's
M.A., K.C.B.; Slade Professor at Oxford, 1878"Wave Theory,' in Ninth Edition of Ency. Sons, N.Y.; led in reorganizing, 1887, the Brit.,' 'Theory of Sound,' numerous scientitic
83; President of Society of Miniature Painters,
1899. American Copyright League, and was its secre
(W. B. Ri.) papers.
(R.) tary during the inovement for International
RICKETTS, Charles, English printer, artist, Copyright which resulted in the Copyright Bill REDWOOD, Boverton, F.R.S.Ed.,
and wood-engraver; one of the founders of the of 1891; Received Cross of the Legion of Honour A.M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Fellow of Inst. of
Vale Press; decorated 'Early Poems of John
Milton,' "The Poems of Keats,' etc. (C. Ri.)
(G. H. P*.)
Chem. Geol, and R. Geog. Soc. ; D.Sc. Ohio RILEY, John Athelstan Laurie, M.A.;
Normal University; Mein. of Am. Chem. Soc., travelled in Persia, 1881; Turkey in Europe, PUTNAM,_Hon. Herbert, Librarian of and Am. Philosophical Soc. (honorary); Hon.
1883 ; Persia and Kurdistan, 1884, 1886, 1888; Congress, Washington, D.C.
(E P.) Corres. Mein. Imperial Russian Technical Soc. ; member of the Aouse of Laymen of the
Chevalier of the Order of Leopold; Consulting Province of Canterbury; member London School PYLE, Joseph Gupin; editor of the 'Post
Intelligencer,' Seattle, Washington; author of Chemist, with special experience in the tech- Board, 1891-97; author of 'Athos, or the Mountain • Minnesota in Ninth Edition of Ency.
nology of petroleum; Adviser on Petroleum to of the Monks,' various pamphlets and articles, Brit.'
(J. G. P.) the Home Office; Consulting Adviser to the subjects connected with education, Eastern
Corporation of London under the Petroleum Christians, and foreign travel. (J. A. L. R.)
RIPON, Bishop of, Rt. Rev. William
Boyd Carpenter, Hon. D.D. Glasgow,
Hon. ventions and Health Exhibitions, president of
D.C.L. Oxon.; Knight of_the Order of the
Royal Crown, Prussia; Hulsean Lecturer,
Cambridge, 1878; Bampton Lecturer, Oxford, 1886-87; author of 'Dead Man's Rock,' Troy
1887; Pastoral Lecturer on Theology, Cambridge, member of Jury, Paris Exhibition, 1900; author Town,' The Splendid Spur, Noughts and
1895; Canon of Windsor, 1882-1884; Hon. of Cantor Lectures on Petroleum and its Pro. Crosses,' 'The Delectable Duchy,' 'Adventures ducts,' 'Petroleum: its Production and Use,'
Chaplain to the Queen, 1879-83; Chaplain-inin Criticisin,' 'The Oxford Book of English
Ordinary, 1883 - 84 ; author of 'Commentary on "Report (with Sir Frederick Abel) on Accidents
Witness of Heart to Christ'
(Huslean Lectures), 'Permanent Elements of
Religion' (Bampton Lectures), 'Lectures
Preaching, Christian Reunion,' 'The Great
Charter of Christ,' 'A Popular History of the
(W. B. R.) R
A Treatise on Petroleum,' 'The Detection
and Estimation of Inflammable Gases and RISTORI, E.J., Assoc. M. Inst.C.E. (E. J. R.) RADAU, R.; Membre de l'Académie des Sciences
Vapours in the Air' (with Professor Clowes),
ROBERTS, W.; author of 'Christies',' Tho et du Bureau des Longitudes, Paris ; writer on
General for New Zealand ; Member of Senate Chandler, K.C.B., D.C.L. (Durham), F.R.S.; RAIKES, His Honour Judge Francis
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur; chemist and William, LL.D., K.C. ; Judge of County
of University of London ; edited the Canter
bury Times,' and the 'Lyttelton Times'; Mem- assayer to Royal Mint since 1870; Professor Court (Hull); three years in Merchant Service, ber of N.Z. Parliament, 1887-96 ; Minister of
of Metallurgy, Royal School of Mines since then passed into Royal Navy first; called to Education, Labour, and Justice, 1891-96; re
1880; President of Iron and Steel Institute ; the Bar, 1873; author of The New Practice signed position to become Agent-General for
anthor of 'Gold,' etc., in Ninth Edition of (with Mr Justice Kennedy); “Jurisdiction and Practice of County Courts in Admiralty' (with colony; author of "The Long White Cloud, a
'Ency. Brit.,'. 'An Introduction to the Study History of New Zealand,' 'An Introduction to
(W. C. R.-A.) Mr Kilburn), ‘Both to Blame,' paper read at Brussels International Law Conference, 1895 ;
the History of Communism and Socialism,' also
ROBERTSON, Sir George Scott, K.C.S.I.,
volume of New Zealand verse. and various papers on Maritime Law,' trans
(W. P. R.) D.C.L.; entered Indian Medical Service, 1878; lations and editions of the Maritime Codes of REICH, Emil, Dr. Juris, F.R. Hist.S. ;
British Agent in Gilgit; conducted a political Europe,' etc. (F. W. RA.) author of 'History of Hungarian Literature,'
mission to Chitral, 1893 ; besieged in Chitral,
Civilization,' Graco - Roman
during March and April 1995; installed the
present ruler of Chitral, September 1895 and Oxon.); D.Sc., F.R.S., F.R.A.S.; Radcliffe Institutions,'. 'Historical Atlas of English
author of The Kafirs of the Hindu Kush,' Observer, Oxford; Assistant Astronomer Trinity
History,' "Historical Atlas of Modern His-
Chitral: The Story of a Minor Siege.' (G. S. R.)
(E. RE*.) Professor of Astronomy in the University of REID, Clement, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S.; geo
ROBERTSON, James W.; Commissioner Dublin and Royal Astronomer of Ireland,
of Agriculture logist on survey of England and Wales;
Dairying, Ottawa, 1892-97 ; author of various memoirs and papers
(J. W. R.)
(A. Å R*.)
of Pliocene Deposits of Britain,' 'Origin of the English Language, University of Stras. St And, and Glasgow, Litt.D. Cainb. ; Professor the British Flora,' many contributions to burg.
(J. G. R.) of Humanity, Aberdeen Univ. ; Fellow of geological journals.
(C. R.) ROBINSON, A. Mary F.(Mme. Duclaux; Exeter Coll.; Oxford, 1882; Lincoln Coll.,
REID, Sir George, LL.D., ; President Royal formerly Mme. Darmesteter), author
of 'Emily Brontë,' 'The End of the Middle Oxford University, 1885; Levering Lecturer
Painting,' 'Turner,' in Ninth Edition of Ages,' 'Margaret of Angoulême, Queen of in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1894 ;
'Ency. Brit. Foreign Member of Austrian Imperial and Royal
Navarre,' 'Retrospect, and other Poeins,' 'Life
of Renan,' 'Collected Poems,' 'Marguerites du Archæological Institute, 1900 ; author of REID, Hon. Whitelaw, A.M., LL.D. ; editor
Temps Passé,' 'Froissart,' "Grands Ecrivains Hermes, Illyria,', Jupiter,' Mysteries, of the New York Tribune; Ex-U.S. Minister to d'outre Manche,' etc.
(A. M. F. D.) Oracle,"Phrygia, Scio," Sicyon,"Smyrna,' France ;'author of Greeley,' 'Newspapers,' in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' The His- Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.' (W.R.) ROBINSON, Rev. Charles Henry, M.A.; torical Geography of Asia Minor, The Church
Hon. Canon of Ripon; Lecturer in Hausa in in the Roman Empire,' «The Cities and Bishop; RENTON, A. Wood, LL.B.; Puisne Judge, the University of Cambridge, 1896; travelled in rics of Phrygia,' St Paul the Traveller and Mauritius author of Thurlow' in Ninth Armenia in order to report to Archbishop of the Roman Citizen,'' Was Christ born as Beth- Edition of Ency. Brit.'
(A. W. R.) Canterbury on the condition of Armenian lehem ? • Historical Commentary on Gala
Church, 1892; conducted pioneer expedition to tians.'
(W. M. RA.) RENWICK, I. P. A., M.A., LL.B.; Kano, 1893-95 ; author of 'Hausaland, or
assistant editor of the statesman's Ycar Fifteen Hundred Miles through the Central RASH DALL, Rev. Hastings, M.A., Book.'
(I. P. A. R.) Soudan,' 'Specimens of Hausa Literature,' D.C.L. ; Fellow and Tutor of New College,
Grammar of the Hausa Language,'' Dictionary
of the Hausa Language,'. "Studies in the peter, 1883 ; Tutor in the Univ. of Durham, gow, F.R.S., M.I.C.E., Hon. Fellow Queens'
Character of Christ,' 'Nigeria, Our Latest
Protectorate,' 'Human Nature à Revelation of
(C. H. R.) Tutor of Balliol Coll., 1894-95; author of The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages,'
1877; President, Section G, British Associa- ROBINSON, Gerald Philip; President of Doctrine and Developinent' (with R. S. Rait),
tion, 1887; author of upwards of sixty papers the Society of Mezzotint Engravers ; late MezzoNew College.'
(H. RL.) on original researches in Mechanics and tint Engraver to Queen Victoria, and appointed Physics,' in the Philosophical Transactions and same to the King, 1901.
(G. P. R.) RATH, Dr Zoltau; Professor at the Royal Proceedings of the Royal Society, etc. (O. R.) Academy of Law, Kassa, Hungary; late of
ROBINSON, Rev. Joseph Armitage, the Royal Hungarian Statistical Bureau; RHODES, Hon. Bradford ; editor of "The D.D., Ph.D.'; Canon of Westiniuster; Norrisian
: author of 'Evitzedünk egyenesadó-reform- Banker's Magazine,' New York. (B. R*.) Professor of Divinity, Cambridge University, jairól.' (Z. R.)
1893-99; author of A Collation of the Athos RHODES, James Ford, LL.D.; author of Codex of the Shepherd of Hermas,' 'Appendix RAVENSTEIN, Ernest George; War 'History of the United States from the ComOffice, Topographical (now Intelligonce) De
to The Apology of Aristides,' The Passion of promise to 1850.
(J. F. R.) partment, 1855-75; Council Royal Statistical
St Perpetua, The Philocalia of Origen,
Euthaliana,''Unity in Christ.'
(J. A. R.) Society, 1877-92; President, Section E, Brit. Assoc., 1891 ; Professor of Geography, Bedford Professor of Mining, Engineering, and Metal ROCKHILL, Hon. William Woodville; Coll., 1882-83; author of 'The Russians on lurgy, Massachusetts Institute of Techno- Head of the Bureau of American Republics; the Amur,' 'Geographie und Statistik des
(R. H. R.) sometime First Assistant Secretary of State;
U.S. Commissioner to China, etc. ; author of Atlantic Squadron, battle of Santiago; late SCOTT, Hon.. Sir John, M.A., DC.L, Land of the Llamas.'
(W. W. R.) Commandant U.S. Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.; K.C.M.G. ; Deputy Judge- Advocate-General
Member of International Prine Meridian and ROCKWELL, General Alfred P., author
to His Majesty's Forces ; Judge, aftervards Time Conference; U.S. Delegate to Interof Fire,' Fire Extinction,' in Ninth Edition
Vice-President, International Court of Appeal national Maritime Conference ; Chief of U.S. of Ency. Brit.' (A P. R.)
in Egypt, 1874-82 ; . Judge of High Court,
Bureau of Ordnance, 1893-97. (W. T. S.) Boinbay, 1882-90 ; Judicial Adviser to the ROGERS, Henry Wade, LL.D.; Lecturer at
Khedive of Egypt, 1890-98; Vice-Presilent SAUNDERS, George, B.A.; Berlin CorreYale University; sometime President of North
International Law Association ; Grand Cordon spondent of The Times'; lato Berlin CorreWestern University, Evanston, Ills. ; Chairman
spondent of the Morning Post,' etc. of the World's Congress on Jurisprudence and
of the Medjidieh; Grand Cordon of the Osmanieh.
(JNO.S.) Law Reform, World's Columbian Exposition; SAYCE, Rev. Archibald Henry, M.A., author of 'Expert Testimony, etc. (H. W. R.) LL.D., D.D.; Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford;
SCOTT, Leslie Frederic; Barrister-at-Law, Professor of Assyriology, Oxford ; _Meinber of
(L. F. 8.) ROLLS, Hon, C, S.; pioneer in motor-car travelling.
(C. S. R.)
O.T. Revision Company, 1874-84; Deputy Pro- SCOTT, W. W.; foreign sub-editor of The fessor of Comparative Philology, Oxford, 1876- Times.
(W. W. 8*.) ROSCOE, Sir Henry Enfield, Ph.D., 90 ; Hibbert Lect., 1887; Gifford Lect., 1900-1; LL.D., D.C.L., M.D., F.R.S. ; Vice-Chancellor, author of Babylonia,''Cyrus,''Darius,' Gram
SCOTT-MONCRIEPF, Sir Colin CampUniversity of London; Emeritus Professor, mar, Humboldt, Inscriptions' (Cuneiforin
bell, K.C.M.G., C.S.I., LL.D.; Under-ScOwens College, Victoria University ; Member and Seinitic), 'Lydia,' in Ninth Edition of
retary for Scotland ; Irrigation Depart. N.W. of Royal Coinmissions on Noxious Vapours, ‘Ency. Brit.,' 'Assyrian Graminar for Coin
Provinces ; Chief Engineer, Burmah; Undir. Technical Instruction, Scottish Universities, parative Purposes,' Translations in Records
Secretary of State Public Works, Memsly, Secondary Education, and Exhibition of 1851; of the Past, ist series ; 'Lectures on the
Cairo, 1883-92; author of 'Irrigation in Southern President of the British Association (Man. Assyrian Language and Syllabary,' 'Baby
(C. S. N) chester, 1887); President Society of Chemical lonian Literature," Introduction to the Science SCRUTTON, T. E., M.A., K.C.; Barriste, Industry, 1881 ; President Chemical Society, of Language,' 'The Monuments of the Hittites,' Inner Temple; author of 'Law of Copyright 1882; anthor of 'Lessons in Eleinentary Fresh Light from the Monuments,' 'The etc.
(T. E.S) Chemistry,' Treatise on Chemistry,' 'Primer Ancient Empires of the East,' 'Hibbert of Chemistry,'. 'John Dalton,' 'New View of Lectures on Babylonian Religion,' The SCUDDER, Horace Elisha, Litt.D., the the Genesis of the Atomic Theory of Chemistry' Hittites,' The Races of the Old Testament,'
late; editor of The Atlantic Monthly,' 1890-98; (with Dr Harden). (H E. R.) "The Higher Criticism and the Verdict of the
author of History of the United States,''Book
Monuments, ROSEWATER, Victor, A.M., Ph.D.;
The Egypt of the Hebrews
of Fables,' The Life of James Russell Lowell
etc. and Herodotus,' 'Early History of the
(H. E. S*) managing editor of the Omaha Bee, Omaha,
Hebrews.' Nebraska; Meinber Omaha Public Library Bd.,
(A. H. S.) SECCOMBE, Thomas, M.A.; assistant editol, Am, Economic Assn., Am. Library Assn., Neb. SCHIDROWITZ, Philip, Ph.D. Berne;
Dictionary of National Biography'; author & Historical Society; author of Special Assess. F.C.S. (Great Britain anl Germany); Member
"The Age of Johnson,' etc, etc. (T. SE) ments: a Study in Municipal Finance.' (V. R.) of Societies of Chemical Industry and of Public SEDGWICK, Adam, M.A., F.R.S.; Fellon ROSS, H. M., B.A.; formerly exhibitioner of
Analysts ; author (joint) of various papers on and Tutor of Trin. Coll. Cambridge, Reader of Lincoln Coll., Oxford ; writer on engineering
Acids, Wine, Analyses, etc.
(P. S.) Animal Morphology in the University. (A. SE*) and scientific subjects; associate editor of SCHILLER, F. c. S., M.A.; Fellow and SETON-KARR, Henry, M.A., M.P.; the volumes of the Encyclopaedia Tutor of C.O.C. Oxford.
(F. C. S. S.) travelled and shot big game in Western America, Britannica.'
(H. M. R.)
British Columbia, and Norway; writer on sport ROSSETTI, William Michael; Professional C.I.E. ; general in the Persian army, has
and allied subjects.
(H. S.-K.) Assistant to Board of Inland Rev. for Estate resided, as Persian official, and travelled for SEWARD, Albert Charles, M.A., F.R.S. duty on Pictures and Drawings; author of many years in Persia; author of 'Eastern
F.L.S., F.R.G.S.; University Lecturer ir Canova, Correggio,' Fiesole, Ghirlandajo, Persian Irak,' etc.
(A. H.-S.) Botany, Cambridge ; Late Fellow of St John's 'Lippi,' Murillo, Perugino,' Reni,' Rosa,
College; Fellow and Tutor in Natural Science 'Shelley,' Titian,' 'Veronese, etc., in Ninth
SCHLICH, William, Ph.D., C.I.E., T.R.S.;
at Emmanuel College, Cambridge; author of Edition of Ency. Brit.'; 'Fine Art, chiefly appointed to the Indian Forest Department,
Fossil Plants as Tests of Climate,''The Wealcontemporary,' 'Lives of Famous Poets,' 'Life 1866; Conservator of Forests, 1871; Inspector.
den Flora,'' Fossil Plants for Students of Botany of Keats,' Dante G. Rossetti as Designer and General of Forests to the Government of India,
and Geology,' 'The Jurassic Flora,' also various Writer,' Memoir of Dante G. Rossetti'; editor
Botanical 1881; organized the first School of Forestry in
papers contributed to scientific of The Germ,' 1850, of 'Shelley's Poems,' of
journals. England at Cooper's Hill, 1985; author of A
(A. C. SE.) Wm. Blake's Poems,' of 'Poems by Dante and
Manual of Forestry.' Christina Rossetti,' of 'Ruskin,' 'Rossetti,'
(W. Sca.) | SHADWELL, A., M.D.; author of TallerPræraphaelitism,' of 'Præraphaelite Diaries SCHLOSS, David, M.A. ; author of works on
man Treatment by Superheated Dry Air,'. The and Letters,' etc.
(W. M. R.)
(A. SL) ROWLAND, Henry Augustus, Ph.D., SCHOULER, James, LL.D.; Professor School
SHADWELL, L. L., M.A.; Barrister-at-Law, LL.D., F.R.S., the late; Professor of Physics, of Law, Boston University, and Lecturer at
Lincoln's Inn; revising barrister, Middlesex, Johns Hopkins University ; recipient of Rum- Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; author
(L. L. S.) ford, Draper, and Matteucci medals for scientific of 'History of the United States under the
SHARP, David, M.A., M.B., C.M., F.R.S. ; discoveries; Hon. Member Inst. of France, etc.; Constitution' and numerous works on Juris. Past President of Entomological Society of author of Screw' in Ninth Edition of Ency. prudence.
(J. Sch.) London; author of 'Aquatic Carnivorous ColeBrit.
(H. A. R.)
(D. S*.) RUFFINI, Arthur; Royal Naval Academy, des Sciences; editor 'of L'Année Cartogra- SHARP, Robert Farquharson, B.A.; Leghorn.
(A. R*.) phique,''Le Tour du Monde'; anthor of Aperçu Assistant Librarian, British Museum; edited
de la Structure Géologique des Pyrénées, RUGE, Dr Sophus; Professor of Geography,
Lytton's Plays, author of 'Dictionary of etc. University of Dresden; author of Map in
(F. Sch.) English Authors,' Wagner's draina, "Der Ring Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,''Geschichte des SCHURMAN, Jacob Gould, D.Sc., LL.D.;
des Nibelungen, Translation of Victor Hugo's Zeitalters der Entdeckungen,' 'Abhandlungen President and sometime Professor of Philo.
," Makers of Music,''Architects of und Vorträge zur Geschichte der Erdkunde,' sophy, Cornell University ; Chairman of the
(R. P. S.) Christopher Columbus,' etc.
(S. R.) U.S. Philippine Commission, 1899; author of SHAW, Albert, Ph.D. ; editor of the American Bertrand Arthur
Kantian Ethics,' 'Ethics of Evolution,' 'Ag. RUSSELL, Hon.
Monthly Review of Reviews'; author of Local William, M.A.; Fellow of Trinity College,
nosticism and Religion,' etc. (J. G. S*.) Government in Illinois,' 'Municipal GovernCambridge'; author of Social Democ- SCHURZ, Hon. Cari, LL.D.; retary of
ment in Great Britain,'Municipal Government racy,' 'Essay on the Foundations of Geometry,' the Interior under President Hayes ; author of
in Continental Europe,' etc.
(A. S.) Philosophy of Leibnitz.' (B. A. W. R.) Life of Henry Clay,' Abraham Lincoln, SHAW, Flora L. (Miss); special correspon; RUSSELL, George William Erskine,
(C. S.) dent for 'The Times' to South Africa and LL.D.; Parliamentary Secretary to the Local SCOTT, Austin,, Ph.D., LL.D.; President
Australia, Canada and Klondike; anthor of Government Board, 1883-85; Under-Secretary Rutgers College and Rutgers Scientific School,
articles on British colonial questions. (F.L S.) of State for India, 1892-94; for tho Home
(A. Sc.) SHAW, Herbert, B.A.; Secretary of the Departinent, 1894-95; author of 'A Monograph
Tyneside Geographical Society.
(& Sn.) on the Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone,''Letters of Matthew Arnold,' Collections and Recollec- F.R.S.; Honorary Keeper Jodrell Laboratory, SHAW, Hon. Leslie Mortier, LL.D.; tions, 1898.
(G. W. E. R.)
Royal Gardens, Kew ; Assistant Professor of Secretary of the U.S. Treasury; forinerly
SHAYLOR, J.; manager to Simpkin, Marshall,
(J. SH*.) s
operated with the late Professor W. C. William
son in his 'Researches on Fossil Plants'; one of SHEARMAN, Montague; past President SACHS, Edwin O., A.M.I.C.E.; Chairman of the editors of the 'Annals of Botany'; author O.U.A.C.: joint-author of Football: Its
British Fire Prevention Cominittee; Fellow of of 'An Introduction to Structural Botany,' History for Five Centuries, 'author of 'Athletics the Royal Statistical Society; Associate of the Studies in Fossil Botany'; author and joint- and Football.'
(M. S.) Institution of Naval Architects, etc. ; in 1898 author of many botanical papers. (D. H. S.) he applied electrical power to the working of
SHEARMAN, Thomas Gaskell, the late: SCOTT, Harold Spencer ; Barrister-at-Law, joint-author of 'Shearinan and Redtield the stage at Drury Lane; in 1899 he was
(A S. S.) Negligence'; author of 'Natural Taxation, appointed technical adviser to the Royal Opera, Covent Garden; founded in 1997 the SCOTT, Sir James George, G.C.I.E.; War
Crooked Taxation,' 'Distribution of Wealth,
(T. G. S.) British Fire Prevention Comunittee, and in Correspondent in Perak, 1875-76 ; Burma, 1879 ; 1899 the first independent fire-testing station Hong Kong, 1883-85; joined Burma Commission SHERRINGTON, Charles S., M.A. established in Europe ; author of Modern in 1886; member of Anglo-Siamese Boundary M.D., F.R.S. ; Professor of Physiology, Univ. Opera Houses and Theatres,' 'Stage Con. Commission, 1889-90 ; Superintendent Northern Coll. Liverpool; Member of Council of Royal struction,' • Fires and Public Entertain - Shan States, 1891 ; Chargé d'Affaires in Bang. Society; Late Brown Professor of Pathology, inents.'
(E. O. S.) kok, 1893-94 ; British Commissioner, Mekong University of London; Lecturer on Physi ST. JOHN, Molyneux ; Ottawa, Canada.
Commission, 1894-96; British Commissioner ology, St Thomas's Hospital, London ; Croonian (M. ST. J.)
Burma-China Boundary Commission, 1898-1900 Lecturer, Royal Society; Member of the Coin
author of The Burman, His Life and Notions,' mission on Asiatic Cholera, 1886; Anglo SAMPSON, Rear - Admiral William France and Tongking,' 'Burma,' "The Upper
American Secretary, International Congresses Thomas, LL.D.; in command of U.S. North Burma Gazetteer,
(J. G. So.) of Physiology, Liège 1892, Berne 1895, Cam.
bridge 1898, Turin 1901 ; author of numerous SNOW, Marshall Solomon, A.M.; Pro- STERLING, Maj.-Gen. John B.; Egypt, scientific papers to the Royal and other fessor of History and Dean of the College, 1882; Sudan and Cyprus, 1885. (J. B. S.) scientitic societies, especially on the brain and Washington University, St Louis, Missouri;
(C. S. S.) nervous system.
author of Missouri' in Ninth Edition of
STEWART, John Alexander, M.A., LL.D.;
Tiitor of Christ Church ; White's Professor of
'Ency. Brit.,' 'The City Goverunient of St
(M. S. S.)
Moral Philosophy, Oxford ; author of The Temperance questious. (A. SE.)
English MSS. of the Nicomachean Ethics,' SHIPLEY, Arthur Everett, M.A., F.Z.S. ;
SODERBERG, Dr E.; of the Central Statis. Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics.' (J. A. St.)
tical Bureau, Sweden'; author of 'Samuel
Johan Hedborn,' etc.
STOCK, Eugene; Editorial Secretary of the (E. So.) Church Missionary Society.
(E. St.) of the Invertebrata in the University ; Demou SOULE, R. H., B.A., M.E.; sometime General strator of Comparative Anatoiny in the Uni. Manager of the Erie Ř. R.
(R. H. So.)
STOCKMAN, Ralph, M.D., F.R.C.P.Ed.,
F.R.S.Ed.; Professor of Materia Medica and versity, 1885-94; Fellow of Christ's College, 1887 ; Member of the Council of the Senate,
PIELMANN, Marion H.; editor of the Therapeutics, University of Glasgow; assistant 1996; author of 'Zoology of the Invertebrata';
Magazine of Art' since 1887; art critic to in the University of Edinburgh for six years, author of Vine Disease,' Wasps,' 'Wheat
*Daily Graphic' until, in 1891, art editor and and afterwards Lecturer on Materia Medica in Pests,' in Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.'; part-founder of 'Black and White'; author of the School of Medicine.
(R. S*.) joint-editor and part-author of the Cambridge
* Works of G. F. Watts, R.A.,' 'Henriette Natural History'; editor of the 'Pitt Press
Ronner,' 'History of “Punch,"'' «Millais and
STRANGE, Edward Pairbrother; Assisthis Works,' The Unidentified Contributions of
ant Keeper, National Art Library; Assistant, Natural Science Manuals,' Biological Series ;
"John Ruskin,' 'Notes Thackeray to “Punch,"
South Kensington Museum, 1889; National Art part-author of 'A Text - Book on Zoology,
Library, 1891, author of Alphabets : a Hand. on the Wallace Collection in Hertford House,' etc. (A. E. S.)
book of Lettering,' 'Japanese Illustration,'
“The Portraits of Geoffrey Chaucer,' `British SHORTER, Clement Ring; oditor of Sculpture and Sculptors of To-day.' '(M. E. S.)
Worcester, the Cathedral and City,'_ and
numerous essays on art subjects. (E. F. S.) The Sphere'; late editor of the Illustrated London News, the Sketch,' and the English SPIERS, R. Phené, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. ;
Master of the Architectural School and Sur.
STREATFIELD, R. A., B.A. ; author of Illustrated Magazine'; author of 'Charlotte
Masters of Italian Music, The Opera,' Brontë and Her Circle,' 'Sixty Years of Vic. veyor of Royal Academy; Associate and Hon.
etc. torian Literature,' etc. etc.
(R. A. S.) (C. &. S.)
Fellow of King's Coll. London; Past President
of Architectural Association; Member of STURT, H.; Queen's College, Oxford. (H. St.) SIBREE, Rev. James; for over twenty Council Royal Institute of British Architects
years á missionary in Madagascar; author of Hon. and Corres. Meniber of the Société SUPLEE, Henry Harrison, B.Sc. ; Member Madagascar' in the Ninth Edition of the Centrale des Architectes, Paris; Sociedad de
of the American Society of Mechanical En'Ency. Brit.,' 'Madagascar and its People,' los Arquitectos, Madrid ; edited 'Pugin's Nor
gineers ; Member of the Franklin Institute; "The Great African Island,'' Madagascar before inandy,' 'Fergusson's History of Architecturo
Diembre du Société des Ingénieurs Civils de the Conquest,' etc. (J. SI*.) author of 'Architectural Drawing,' Architec
France; Mitglied des Vereines Deutscher In. SIMPSON, Alexander Russell, M.D. ;
tural Essayson Pierrefonds,''Domed Churches in
genieure; associate-editor of * Engineering MagaPerigord," Mosqueat Damascus,' etc. (R. P. S.)
zine,' New York and London; author of the Professor of Midwifery and the Diseases of
English translation of Reuleaux's 'KonstrukWomen and Children, University of Edin. SPRING-RICE, Stephen Edward, C.B. ; teur,' and other works.
(H. H. S*.) burgh; editor of Sir James Y. Simpson's Principal Clerk H.M. 'Treasury; Auditor of the Lectures on Diseases of Women'; author of Civil List; private secretary_to successive
SWINBURNE, Algernon Charles; author Contributions to Obstetrics and Gynecology,' Financial Secretaries to the Treasury, 1881.
of Beaumontand Fletcher,''Congreve,'Keats,' and of an Atlas of the Frozen Section of a 1888, and to Chancellor of the Exchequer,
' Landor,! Marlowe,'. 'Mary' (of Scotland),
(S. E. S.-R.)
''John Webster,' in Ninth Edition (along with Dr Ber Hart), and
of 'Ency. Brit., “The Queen- Mother, and Memoirs.
(A. R. S.) SQUIRE, William Barclay, B.A., F.S.A., Rosamond,' 'Atalanta in Calydon,''Chastelard,'
F.R.G.S.; Assist. Brit. Museum ; don. Sec. Poems and Ballads,' William Blake,' Songs SIMPSON, Rev. James Gilliland, M.A.; Purcell Soc.; Joint Hon. Sec. Eng. Com. Inter. before Sunrise,' 'Bothwell,' 'Songs of Two
Principal of Leeds Clergy School; lately Rector national Music Society; late musical critic of Nations,' 'George Chapman,' * Pooms and of St Paul's, Dundee.
(J. G. Si.) “Westininster Gazette, Saturday Review,' and Ballads' (2nd series), 'A Study of Shakespeare,
Globe' (London); author of various articles
Mary Stuart,' Tristram of Lyonesse, and
other Poeins, ‘Miscellanies,' 'A Study of structor U.S. Military Academy, West Point,
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book,' etc. (W. B. S*.) Victor Hugo,' 'Locrine,'_ Poems and Ballads' 1883-87. (W. A. S.) STANTON, Rev. Vincent Henry, D.D.,
(3rd series), 'Study of Ben Jonson,' 'Studies M.A.; Ely Professor of Divinity, Cambridge,
in Prose and Poetry,' 'Rosamund, Queen of the SINCLAIR, P. G., M.A., F.L.S. ; author of
and Canon of Ely; Hulsean Lecturer, 1879;
(A. O. S.) inany biológical papers in scientific journals,
author of "The Jewish and the Christian
SYMONS, Arthur; author of 'An Introduction
Messiah,''The Place of Authority in Matters of to the Study of Browning,'.' Days and Nights,' SKINNER, Frank C.; Principal Examiner Religious Belief.'
(V. H. S.) "Silhouettes,' 'London Nights,' 'Studies in and Chief of Classification Division, U.S. Patent
editor of 'The Builder';
Two Literatures,' 'The Symbolist Movement in Office.
(F. C. S.)
STATHAM, H, H.;
Literature,' 'Images of Good and Evil,! Col.
lected Poems.' SLOANE, Thomas O'Conor, Ph.D., A.M. ; 'Architecture among the Poets.' (EL H. S.)
(A. Sy.) late Professor Nat. Sc., Seton Hall Coll.,
SYMONS, H.; British Museum.
(H. Sv.) (T. O'C. S.)
M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.; Fellow of King's
of the Challenger' Expedition ; Chairman of
Conference of Delegates, corresponding societies TAIT, Peter Guthrie, M.A., D.Sc., the late; the Princeton Review'; Secretary to George of British Association, 1899; author of "Trans- Professor of Natural Philosophy, Edin.; Sec. Bancroft in Berlin, 1873-75; author of The lation of Longinus On the Sublime,' 'Essays on Royal Soc., Edin.; Hon. Fellow St Peter's Coll., French War aud the Revolution,' 'Napoleon Darwinisin,''« Challenger" Reports,' Zoology,' Cambridge; Professor of Mathematics, Queen's Bonaparte,' etc.
(W. M. S.)
'A History of Crustacea,' etc. (T. R. R. S.) Coll., Belfast, 1854 ; author of Light,' 'Sir SLOCUM, William F., LL.D.; President STEDMAN, Edmund Clarence, L.H.D.,
W. Rowan Hamilton,' etc., in Ninth Edition Colorado College. (W. F. S.) LL.D.; poet and critic; author of 'Poems,'
of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Dynamics of a Particle, Victorian Poets,' 'Poets of America,'. 'The
Quaternions,' Thermo - Dynamics,'. 'Heat, SMITH, Benjamin Eli, A.M.; assistant
Nature and Elements of Poetry'; editor of
(P. G. T.) editor of the Century Dictionary'; editor of the Century Cyclopædia of Names,' and of
Library of American Literature,' Victorian TANSLEY, A, G., M.A., F.L.S. ; Asst. Prothe 'Century Atlas.'
(B. E. S.)
(E. O. S.) fessor of Botany, University Coll., London ;
author of 'Memoirs on the Anatomy of Plants' SMITH, Hon. Charles Emory; Post
STEED, H. WICKHAM; Correspondent of
editor of “The New Phytologist,' etc. (A. G. T.) master - General, Washington, D.C.; formerly United States Minister to Russia ; editor of the STEPHEN, Sir Herbert, Bart., LL.M. ;
TAUSSIG, Frank William, Ph.D., LL.D.; ‘Philadelphia Press. since 1880. (C. E. S.) Clerk of Assize for the Northern Circuit; author
Professor of Political Economy, Harvard Uni. of “The Law Relating to Malicious Prosecu
versity, and editor of the Quarterly Journal SMITH, George Barnett, F.R.G.S. ; author
of Economics'; author of 'Tariff History of tions,' 'Prisoners on Oath,' etc. (H. S*.) of Mrs Browning,' in Ninth Edition of Ency.
the United States,' 'Wages and Labour,' Brit.,' 'Shelley, "Life of Mr Gladstone, | STEPHEN, Leslie,. Litt.D., M.A.; Hon. etc.
(E. W. T.) * Victor Hugo," "The Life of Mr Bright,' “The
Fellow of Trin. Hall, Camb. ; President of TAYLOR, Charles, M.A., D.D., Hon. LL.D.
(Harvard); Master of St John's Coll., Cam.
bridge; author of 'Geometrical Conics, The 1871-82; Dictionary of National Biography,
Gospel in the Law,' 'The Teaching of the SMITH, Hubert Llewellyn, M.A.; Deputy 1882-91; author of 'Hours in a Library,'
Twelve Apostles,' etc.
(C. T*.) Controller-General and Labour Commissioner,
History of English Thought in the Eighteenth TAYLOR, Hon. Hannis, LL.D.; V.8. Minister Labour Department, Board of Trade; Cobden
Century,' Essays on Freethinking and Plain to Spain, 1893-97 ; author of "The Origin and Prize, Oxford, 1890.
(H. L. S.)
Speaking,' 'The Science of Ethics,' 'Life of Growth of the English Constitution.' (H. T*.) SMITH, Dr Hugh M.; in charge of Division
Henry Fawcett,' 'An Agnostic's Apology,''Life of Inquiry respecting Food Fishes, U.S. Com.
of Sir James Fitz-James Stephen, Studies of a
TCHERTKOFF), V.; author of Christian mission of Fish and Fisheries.
Martyrdom in 'Russia'; agent for Count (H. M. 8*.)
Biographer,''The English Utilitarians'; edited
Tolstoy in England.
(V. T.) SMITH, John, C.B.; Inspector-General in Bankruptcy.
(J. Sm*.) STEPHENS, F. G. one of the Pre-Raphaelite TEDDER, Henry Richard, F.S.A.; Secretary Brotherhood; late art critic of the 'Athenæum';
and Librarian of the Atheneum Club; librarian SMYTH, Herbert Warrington, M.A., author of 'Landseer'in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.
to Lord Acton, 1873-74; one of the organisers LL.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.8.; Sec. Mining Dept., Brit.,' 'Catalogue of Satires (Brit. Mus.),
and joint-sec. of Ist International Conference Transvaal; Order of the White Elephant, siam; * Artists at Home,'. George Cruikshank,
of Librarians, 1877 ; joint hon. sec. of Library Sec. Siamese Legation, 1898-1901 ; author of ‘Memorials of W. Mulready,' 'French and
Association, 1878-80; hon. treas, of the same, • Journey on the Upper Mekong,''Five Years in Flemish Pictures,' 'Sir E. Landseer,' 'T. C.
1889-97, and 1898-1901 ; President, 1897-98; Siam,' etc. (E. W. Sm.) Hook, R. A.,' etc.
(F. G. S.)
treag. and sec. Metropolitan Free Libraries'
Committee, 1878-80; hon. treas. second Inter. SNOW, Francis Huntingdon, LL.D.; Chan. STERLAND, Miss M. B.; writer on Ecclesi. national Conference of Librarians, 1897 ; jointcellor of the University of Kansas. (F. E. S.) astical History.
(M. B. S.) editor of first three volumes of Transactions of