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MARZIALS, Frank Thomas; Accountant sina,' 'Ikoniya, the Mother of the Vezier,' MOSCA, Gaetano; Professor of Constitutional
General of the Army since 1998; entered War etc., Constantine the last Emperor of the Law, Turin, Italy.

(G. Mo.)
Office during Crimean war; author of 'Lives of Greeks,'.' Ancestors of the House of Orange.'
Dickens and Victor Hugo,' collaborating also

(c. Mi.) MOSCHINI, V.; Mayor of Padua. (V. Mo.) in the Life of Thackeray,' 'Life of Gambetta,'

MOTT,
MILL, Hugh Robert, D.Sc. (Edin.), LL.D. (St

Frederick Walker, M.D., B.S. etc.

(F. T. M.)
Andrews), F.R.S.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.R.Met.Soc.;

Lond., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.; Physician to Out-
MASKELYNE, J. Nevil; of the Egyptian Director of British Rainfall Organization, and

Patients, Charing Cross Hospital; Patho

the
Hall, London ; author of 'Sharps
and

logist to
editor of 'Symons' Meteorological Magazine

London County Asylums ; Flats.' (J. N. M.)

Croonian Lecturer, Royal College of Physicians, since 1901; Hon. Corresponding Member of the

1900. Geographical Societies of Paris, Berlin, Amster

(F. W. Mo.) MASON, Otis Tufton, A.M., Ph.D. ; Curator Ethnology, U.S. Nat. "Museum, Washington;

dam, Budapest, Brisbane, and Philadelphia ; MUIR, John, A.M., LL.D.; U.S. Explorer author of The Hupa Indians,' Woman's

Recorder of Section E, British Association, and Naturalist; discoverer of the Muir glacier, Share in Primitive Culture,' 'Cradles of the

1893-99; President, Section E, 1901; British Alaska; author of The Mountains of CaliNorth Ainerican Indians,' The Antiquities of

Delegate to International Conference on the fornia' and of numerous articles on the natural

(O. T. M.) Guadeloupe,' etc.

Exploration of the Sea, at Christiania, 1901 ; history of the Pacific Coast, Alaska, etc.;

author of 'Rainband,' “Rain-gauge,' Thermo Editor 'Picturesque California.' (J. Mu*.) MATHEWS, George Ballard, M.A., meter,' Whirlpool,' in Ninth Edition of Ency.

F.R.S. ; laté Professor of Mathematics, Uni Brit., Realm of Nature, The Clyde Sea MUIR, Robert, M.A., M.D., C.M.; Professor versity Coll. of Wales; formerly Fellow of St Area,' 'The English Lakes,' 'Hints on the

of Pathology, University of Glasgow ; Examiner John's Coll., Cambridge; author of ' A Treatise Choice of Geographical Books,' New Lands,'

in Pathology, Oxford ; senior assistant to the Bessel Functions' (part), 'Theory of The International Geography,' etc. (H. R. M.)

Prof. of Pathology, Edinburgh, and Pathologist Numbers,' etc. (G. B. M.)

to Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 1892 ; Lecturer MILLINGEN, Alexander Van, M.A. ; on Pathological Bacteriology, Edinburgh, 1894 ; MATTHEWS, Brander, LL.B., D.C.L., Robert College, Constantinople; author of Professor of Pathology, St Andrews, 1898-99 ;

A.M. ; Professor of English, Columbia Uni Byzantine Constantinople,' etc. (A. VAN M.) author of Manual of Bacteriology' (with Dr versity; author of French Dramatists of the

J. Ritchie), Scientific Papers,' etc. (R. Mu*.) Nineteenth Century,''Introduction to the Study

MILMAN, Sir Archibald John Scott, of American Literature,' 'Aspects of Fiction and

K.C.B., the late; Clerk of the House of Com MUNRO, Wilfred H.; A.M., Professor Other Ventures in Criticism,' etc. (B. M.)

mons 1900, retired 1902; entered service of of European History, Brown University,
House of Commons in

1857 ; promoted
R.I.

(W. H. Mv.)
MATTHEWS, George Edward, A.B.; Second Clerk Assistant, 1870; Clerk Assist-
editor of The Buffalo Express,' 'Buffalo,

MURPHY, Shirley Forster, M.D., ant, 1886-1900.

(A. J. S. M.)
NY.
(G. E. M.)

M.R.C.S.; Medical Officer of Health, Adminis-
MILNE, John, F.R.S., F.G.S.; twenty years trative County of London ; Corresp. Mem. Soc.
MAURICE, Maj. Gen. Sir John Fred-

employed by Japanese Govt. as geologist and Sweden, and of Roy. Soc. Hygiene, Italy ; erick, K.C.B.; commanded Woolwich District,

mining engineer; established the Seismic Sur author of Infectious Disease and its Preven1895-1901 ; Ashanti Campaign, 1873-74; South

vey of Japan; designer of seismographs and tion,' editor of Our Homes and How to make Africa, 1879; Zulu Campaign, 1880 ; Egyptian instruments to record vibrations on railways,

them Healthy,' etc.

(S. F. M.) Expedition, 1882;

Intelligence Dept. War Office; etc.; author of 'Earthquakes,' 'Seismology,
Sudan, 1884; A.Q.M.G.; Nile, 1885; Professor

‘Crystallography,' etc.

(J. M.)

MURRAY, Sir George Herbert, K.C.B. ; of Military History, Staff College, Aldershot,

Secretary to the Post Office since 1899; entered 1892-93 ; commanding R.A., Colchester, 1893 MILTON, James Tayler, M.I.C.E.; Chief Foreign Office, 1873 ; transferred to Treasury, 95 ; Maj.-Gen., Dec. 1895; author of War,' Engineer Surveyor, Lloyd's Register of Ship 1880; private secretary to Mr Glastone in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Life of

ping; Member of Inst. of Naval Architects and Earl of Rosebery when Prime Minister; Frederick Denison Maurice,' Hostilities without and of the Iron and Steel Inst., etc. (J. T. M1.) Chairman Board of Inland Revenue, 1897Declaration of War,' Balance of Military MINCHIN, E. A., M.A., F.Z.S.; Jodrell

99.

(G. H. M.) Power in Europe,' 'War,' National De.

Professor of Zoology and Comparative Ana MUTHER, Dr Richard, Professor of Art fences.'

(J. F. M*.)

tomy, Univ. Coll., London; late Fellow of History, University of Breslau ; author of "The MAUS, Octave; editor of 'L'Art Moderne,' Merton Coll., Oxford ; late Lecturer Comp. History of Modern Painting, "The Oldest Brussels.

(O. M*.) Anatomy, Oxford ; late Lecturer in Biology, German Picture Bibles,' 'Gothic and Early Guy's Hospital ; author of

Sponges,

Renaissance Illustrations of German Books, MAXWELL, William H., A.M.I.C.E. ; etc.

(E. A. M.) 'A Century of French Painting,' etc. (R. MR.) Borough and Waterworks Engineer, Tunbridge MITCHELL, Hugh; of Gibraltar; Barrister: MYRES, J. L.; Student and tutor of Christ Wells Corporation, author of 'The Removal and Disposal of Town Refuse,' 'Destructors at-Law, Inner Temple.

(H. M*.)

; ' and Steam Production,' etc. (W. H. MA.) MITCHELL, Peter Chalmers, D.Sc.,

the Cyprus Museum.'

(J. L. M.) MAYO-SMITH, Richmond, Ph.D., the

M.A., F.Z.S. ; Lecturer on Biology at the Lonlate; Professor of Political Economy, Columbia

don Hospital Medical College ; University
University, New York ; author of Emigration

Deinonstrator in Comparative Anatomy, and
and Immigration, Sociology and Statistics,'
assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, 1888-

N
etc.

(R. M.-S.)

91; Lecturer on Biology at Charing Cross
Hospital, 1892-94 ; at London Hospital, 1894: NARNET nebrew and 51a Testament

Exegesis
MEAD, Hon. Elwood: in charge of Irriga examiner in Biology to the R.C.P. 1892-96 ;
tion Investigations, U.S. Department of

anthor of Outlines of Biology,' 'The Biologi in King's Coll., Lond. ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., Agriculture.

(E. M*.)

cal Problem of To-day' (translated), Thomas Cambridge, 1887-93 ; Vice-Principal of Clergy MEAKIN, Budgett, author of The Henry Huxley,' etc.

(P. C. M.) Training School, 1887-89.

(A. N*) Moorish Einpire,' etc.

(B. M*.) MONCKTON, Lionel; composer, and musical NANSEN, Fridtjof, D.Sc., LL.D., D.C.L., MEISSAS, Gaston; meinb. Société de

critic to the Daily Telegraph.'

(L. M.) Ph.D.; went to Greenland Sea, 1882; curator Géographie; author of Marseilles,' and (part) | MONK HOUSE, William Cosmo, the

in Natural History Museum, Bergen; went of Paris,' in the Ninth Edition of the 'Ency. late Assistant Sécretary (Finance) Board of

across Greenland, 1888-89; curator Museum of Brit.,' 'Grands Voyageurs de notre Siècle,' Trade; served on several Departmental Com

Comparative Anatomy, Christiania University; etc. (G. ME.) mittees and Committee on the Mercantile Marine

made his North Pole Expedition, in which he

reached the highest latitude until then attained MERCATELLI, Luigi, late war corre

Fund, 1894-96 ; author of "The Christ upon
spondent in Abyssinia of 'La Tribuna.' (L. ME.)
the Hill,' 'A Question of Honour,'. The

(86 deg. 175 m.), 1893-96; Prof. of Zoology, Earlier English Water-Colour Painters,' The

Christiania University; anthor of Across MERRIFIELD, Webster, LL.D.; Presi Italian Pre-Raphaelites,' 'British Contein

Greenland,' 'Eskimo Life,' 'Tarthest North,' dent and Professor of Political Economy, State

(C. Mo.) porary Artists,' etc.

The Norwegian North Polar Expedition,' University of North Dakota. (W. Ms.)

'Scientific Results,' etc.

(F. N.) MONTAGU, Sir Samuel; head of the MERRILL, Hon. Frederick James

banking firm of Samuel Montagn and Co., NASH, James Okey, M.A., of the Community Hamilton, Ph.D.; Director of N.Y. State London; member of Gold and Silver Com

of the Resurrection.

(J. O. N.) Museum, Albany, N.Y., N.Y. State Geologist; mission, 1887-90; author of magazine articles NATHAN, Major F, L., R.A. ; SuperintendFellow Am. Ass. Adv. Science and Geol. Soc.

on Finance, Decimal Currency, Weights and ent of the Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham of America; Member Am. Inst. Mining En

Measures, etc.
(S. M.) Abbey.

(F. L. N.)
gineers, Am. Soc. of Naturalists, Nat. Geol.
Soc., etc.

(F. J. H. M.)

MOORE, Hon. John Bassett, LL.D.; NATHAN, Major Matthew, C.M.G., R.E. ;

Professor International Law and Diplomacy, Governor of Gold Coast; served in Nile ExMIDDLETON, R. E., M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Columbia University, New York; author Ex

pedition, 1885; Lushai Expedition, 1889; Sec. Fellow of the Sanitary Inst., Fellow of Sur tradition and Inter-State Rendition,' 'Inter

Col. Defence Com. 1895 - 1900; administered veyors’ Inst., etc. ; late Engineer-in-Charge of national Arbitrations,' etc.

(J. B. M*) Government Sierra Leone, 1899. (M. N.) Surveying of Forth Bridge ; Instructor in Survəying, Central Tech. Coll., S. Kensington ; MORENO, Dr Francesco P.; donor and

NELSON, William Rockhill, Editor-in

director of the La Plata Museum, Buenos Aires ; Lecturer on Waterworks, Engineering and Sew

Chief of the Kansas City Star,' Kansas City, repr. in Great Britain of the Argentine in conage, Univ. Coll., London ; part author of 'A

Mo.

(W. R. N.) nexion with Chilian Argentine Boundary DisTreatise on Surveying,' etc.

(R. E. M.)

pute; author of 'La Plata,' etc. (F. P. M.) NEWCOMB, Prof. Simon, Ph.D., LL.D., MIJATOVICH, Chedomille; Senator_of

D.Sc., D. Nat. Phil.; Superintendent U.S. the kingdom of Servia since 1875; Envoy Ex

MORFILL, William Richard, M.A.; Pro-
fessor of Russian and the other Slavonic lan-

Nautical Almanac; Foreign Mem. Royal Society, traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of

London; Assoc. Institute of France, etc.; the King of Servia to the Court of St James, guages, Oxford ; Curator of the Taylor Institu

author of 'Moon' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. tion, Oxford ; anthor of Russia' (History 1895-1900; transferred to Constantinople, 1900; and Literature) in Ninth Edition of Ency.

Brit.,'. 'Popular Astronomy,' etc.; editor of Minister of Finance and Cominerce of Servia,

American Journal of Mathematics. (S. N.) Brit.'

(W. R. M.) 1873 ; Minister of Foreign Affairs and Finance,

NEWELL, Frederick Haynes; IIydro1880; Servian Minister to the Court of St MORSE, John Torrey, Jr. ; sometime LecJames, 1884; Servian Plenipotentiary for the turer on History, Harvard University ; author

grapher of the U.S. Geol. Survey ; author of conclusion of peace with Bulgaria, 1886 ; of biographies of Alexander Hamilton, Abraham

Agriculture by Irrigation,' 'Hydrography of

the United States, etc. Lincoln, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jeffer

(F. H. N.) Member of Royal Servian Academy of Science; corresponding member of South Slavonic

son, etc., and of The Life and Letters of Oliver NEWSOM, George Ernest, M.A.; ViceAcademy; hon. member of Royal Hist. Soc.

Wendell Holmes.'

(J. T. Mo.)

Principal of ng's College, London. (G. E. N.) London; author of several publications in MORTON, Hon. Julius Sterling (tho NEWTON, Henry G., M.A., LL.B. : Referee Servian on Political Economy, Finances, His late); sometime U.S. Secretary of Agriculture

(H. G. N.) tory of Commerce, and History of Servia in

in Bankruptcy, New Haven, Conn.
and President of Nebraska State Historical
Fifteenth Century; novels - 'Rayko of Ras Society.

(J. S. M*.) | NISBET, C.

(C. N.)

NORTON, Charles Eliot, LL.D.; Professor Expedition; British Commissioner under Anglo- | POLLEN, John Hungerford, M.A.; Exof the History of Art, Harvard ; Dante scholar Chinese Convention of 1890; Deputy Commis aminer for Art, South Kensington;

Fellow of and translator; author of 'Church Buildings sioner of Darjeeling.

(A. W. P.) Merton Coll., Oxford ; Professor of Fine Arts in in the Middle Ages’;, editor of Letters of PEACH, Capt, E., Indian Staff Corps; author

Catholic University of Dublin; Cantor Lecturer, James Russell Lowell,' 'Correspondence of Carlyle and Emerson,' Writings of George of 'Tactics-Savagé Warfare,' etc. (E. P.)

Society of Arts, 1885; author of 'Carving,' Fili

gree, Furniture,' in Ninth Edition of Ency, William Curtis,' etc.

(C. E. N.) PEARSON, Karl, M.A., LL.B., F.R.S. ; Pro Brit.,' 'Ancient and Modern Furniture and NORTON, Professor Richard N.; Ameri

fessor of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Woodwork,' 'Ancient and Modern Gold- and can School of Archaeology, Rome. (R. N. N.)

University College, London ; Gresham Professor Silver-smiths' Work, "The Trojan Column,' of Geometry, 1892-94 ; Darwin Medal Royal etc.

(J. H. P.) NOTTER, Col. J. Lane, M.A., M.D., Society, 1898; author of 'Graminar of Science,' R.A.M.C., F.C.S.; late Prof. of Military

POLLOCK, Sir Frederick, Bt., LL.D.,

'Enlarged Grammar of Science, The Chances Hygiene, Netley; author of "The Theory and

D.C.L. ; Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence, of Death, and other Studies in Evolution,' Practice of Ilygiene,' etc. (J. L. N.)

Oxford; editor of the Law Reports from 1895; "The Ethic of Freethought,' 'Die Fronica,

Fellow Trin. Coll., Camb. 1868; Corresponding a History of the Mediæval Portraits of Christ,' etc.

member Institute of France, 1894; Professor of (K. P.)

Jurisprudence, University Coll., London, 1882-
O
PELSENUR, PAUL, D.Sc. (Brussels); cor.

83; Professor of Common Law in the Inns of member of the Royal Belgian Academy of

Court, 1884-90 ; inember Royal Labour ComO'DONOGHUE, Freeman M., F.S.A. ;

Science; member of the Belgian Committee of mission, 1891-94 ; author of 'Sword,' Tort'in Assistant Keeper of Prints, British Museum;

Mariculture; Professor in the Normal School, Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Principles of author of 'Catalogue of the Collection of Playing

Ghent; lecturer, Brussels University; author Contract, The Law of Torts,' Digest of the Cards bequeathed to the British Museum by

of Introduction à l'Étude des Mollusques,' Law of Partnership, The Land Laws,''HisLady Charlotte Schneber,' 'A Descriptive and

“Report on the Pteropoda,' The Anatomy of tory of English Law,' 'Spinoza, Life and PhiloClassified Catalogue of the Portraits of Queen

the Deep-Sea Mollusca, etc.

(P. P.) sophy,' 'A First Book of Jurisprudence,_The Elizabeth,' etc. (F. M. O'D.) PEMBREY,

Etchingham Letters,' 1899 (with E. Fuller Marcus Seymour, M.A., Maitland).

(F. Po.) O'NEILL, Æneas; Assistant Correspondent

M.D. ; Lecturer in Physiology, Guy's Hospital of “The Times,' Vienna.

(Ě. O’N.)
Medical School.

(M. S. P.) POORE, George Vivian, M.D. ; Professor of

Medicine and Clinical Medicine, University ORDE-BROWNE, Capt. c., the late; PENDEREL - BRODHURST, James College, London; medical attendant to late author of 'Armour and its Attack by Artillery, George Joseph; editor of 'Land,' 1881-83,

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, 1870-71 ; and Short Notes on Field Batteries,'' Ammunition

assistant editor of 'St James's Gazette,' 1888 Prince of Wales, 1872; received Dannebrog for for Rifled Orılnance,' etc.

(C. O.-B.) 93, eclitor of 'St James's Budget, 1889-98; professional services to the Princess Thyra, OWEN, Capt. c. R. B., R.A. ; late Pro

author of "The Life and Times of King Edward Duchess of Cumberland, 1872; Physician Uni

VII.,' part author of "The Royal River and fessor of Artillery, Ordnance College; Assist.

versity Coll. Hospital, 1876 ; Secretary-General Abbeys

and Churches of Superintendent, Roy. Carriaye Dept., Woolwich

England and

of Sanitary Congress, 1891, etc.; author of Wales.

(J. G. J. P.-B.)
Arsenal,
(C. R. B. O.)

Essays on Rural Hygiene,' 'A Treatise on
Medical Jurisprudence.'

(G. V. P.) OWEN, Edmund, M.B. Lond., F.R.C.S.; PENNELL, Joseph, artist; anthor of ' A CanSenior Surgeon to St Mary's Hospital, London,

terbury Pilgrimage," "An Italian Pilgrimage,'

PORTER, W. Haldane, B.A.; Barrister, and Consulting Surgeon to the Children's HosTwo Pilgrims' Progress,' 'Our Sentimental

Middle Temple; Chancellor's English Essay, pital, Great Ormond Street; Member of the Journey through France and Italy,' 'Pen Draw

Oxford, 1893.

(W. H. PO.) Council, and late Member of the Court of Ex

ing and Pen Draughtsmen,' 'Our Journey to aminers of Royal College of Surgeons ; Examiner

the Hebrides,' The Stream of Pleasure, The POST, George B. ; Architect; Member of the

Jew at Home, Play in Provence, Modern Am. Society of Civil Engineers. in Surgery at the Universities of Cambridge

(G. B. P.) and of London; Knight of Grace of the Order

Illustration, The Illustration of Books, The of St John of Jerusalem; Corresponding

Work of Charles Keene,' 'Lithography and

POTTER, Rt. Rev. Henry Codman, D.D.,

Lithographers.' Member of the Imperial Medical Military

LL.D.; Bishop of the Diocese of New York; (J. P*.)

author of The Church and Her Children, Academy of St Petersburg, of the Canadian PERSHING, James H., A.B. ; Lecturer on The Scholar and the State,' etc. (H. C. P.) Medical Association, and of the Association of International Law in the University of Denver, POULTON, Edward Bagnall, M.A., D.Sc.; American Orthopædic Surgeons; Hon. Surgeon and Professor of Medical Jurisprudence in to the Royal Society of Musicians; late Presi Gross Medical College, Denver.

Hon. LL.D. Princeton, F.R.S.; Hope Professor

(J. H PE.) dent of the Medical Society of London ; author

of Zoology, Oxford ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., of 'A Manual of Anatomy for Senior Students,

PETERSON, Frederick, Ph.D., M.D. ; Presi. Oxford ; Member of Council of Royal Society, “The Surgical Diseases of Children.' (E. 0*.) (lent New York Neurological Society and Presi 1897-99; Member of Hebdomadal Council of dent of the Board of Managers of Craig Colony

Oxford ; Demonstrator in Anatomical Departfor Epileptics, Chief of Clinic, Department of ment of University Museum, 1877-79; Lecturer

Neurology, Columbia University. (F. P*.) in Natural Science, and tutor of Keble College, P

Oxford, 1880-89: Lecturer in Natural Science, PETRIE, William Matthew Flinders, Jesus College, Oxford, 1880-88; author of The

I).C.L., Litt.D., LL.D., Ph.D.; Edwards ProPAGET, Sir John R., Bart., LL.B., K.C.;

Colours of Animals,' 'Charles Darwin and the fessor of Egyptology, University Coll. London; Gilbart Lecturer on Banking. (J. R. P*)

Theory of Natural Selection,' many memoirs on

surveying British remains, 1875-80; excavating Zoological Subjects in the Proceedings and PAGET, Stephen, F.R.C.S. ; Surgeon to West in Egypt, 1880-1901 ; author of Pyramid, Transactions of the Royal, Linnæan, 200London Hospital ; Surgeon to Throat and Ear * Weights and Measures,' in Ninth Edition of

logical, Entomological, and other learned Department, Middlesex Hospital ; author of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Stonehenge,' 'Pyramids and

Societies.

(E. B. P.) The Surgery of the Chest, John Hunter,'

Temples of Gizeh,' 'Season in Egypt,' 'Racial *Ambroise Paré and his Times, Esperiments Portraits,' Historical Scarabs, Ten Years' POWELL, F. York, M.A. ; Regius Professor on Animals,' 'Memoirs and Letters of Sir Jilmes Digging,' History of Egypt,' 'Tel el Amarna,' of Modern History, Oxford; Student of Ch. Ch., l'aget.'

(S. P.)

Egyptian Tales, Decorative Art,' 'Six Tem Oxford ; author of Icelandic Language,' etc.,

ples at Thebes,' Religion and Conscience in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' Alfred the PALGRAVE, Robert Harry Inglis, Ancient Egypt,' 'Syria and Egypt,' 'Royal

Great and William the Conqueror,''History of F.R.S. ; editor of Economist,' 1877-83 ; author Tombs of the First Dynasty,' 'Royal Tombs of England to 1509.'

(F. Y. P.) of The Local Taxation of Great Britain and

the Earliest Dynasties,' etc. (W. M. F. P.) POYNTING, John Henry, D.Sc., F.R.S.; Ireland, Notes on Banking in Great Britain and Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, and IIamburg, PFEIL, Count Joachim Von, one of the

late Fellow of Trin. Coll., Camb.; Professor of 'An Analysis of the Transactions of the Bank founders of German East Africa; sometime resi Physics and Dean of the Faculty of Science, of England for the years 1914-72,' 'Bank Rate dent in Bismarck Archipelago; author of 'The

Birmingham University; author of the Adams in England, France, and Germany, 1844 Founding of the Boer States, Studies and Ob Prize Essay (1891) on the Mean Density of 1878'; editor of Dictionary of Political servations in the South Seas,' etc. (J. von P.)

the Earth, A Text-Book of Physics' (with Economy.' (R. H. I. P.) PHELAN, Hon. James Duval ; Mayor of

Professor J. J. Thomson), and various physical papers.

(J. E. P.) PAPILLON, Rev. Thomas Leslie, M.A.; San Francisco, 1896-1901.

(J. D. P.) late Fellow of Merton Coll. and of New Coll., PHILLIMORE, George Grenville, M.A.,

PRINCE, Hon, L. Bradford, LL.D.; PresiOxford ; author of 'A Manual of Comparative

dent of the Bureau of Immigration of the terriB.C.L.; Barrister-at-Law of the Middle Philology'; editor Dean Bradley's 'Aids to

tory of New Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mexico; Writing Latin Prose,' etc.

(T. L. P.)
Temple.

(G. G. P*.) ex-Governor of the State of New Mexico;

Sir

PHILLIMORE, PARKIN, George Robert, LL.D., C.M.G. ;

Walter George

President of the New Mex. Hist. Soc. ; author Principal of Upper Canada College, Toronto, Frank, Bt., 1).C.L., LL.D. ; Judge of the

of 'New Mexico' in Ninth Edition of Ency.

Brit.' Canada; author

(L. B. PR.) of 'Imperial Federation,

King's Bench Div. ; anthor of 'Book of Church Round the Empire,' "The Great Dominion,

Law,' 2nd ed. of Phillimore's Ecclesiastical PROCTER, Hon. John Robert, President 'Life and Letters of Edward Thring. (G. R. P.)

Law, 3rd ed. of vol. iv. of Phillimore's Inter U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, national Law,'

(W. F. P.) D.C. ; Geologist State of Kentucky, 1880-1893; PARSONS, William Barclay : Chief Engineer of the Underground Railway, New York PHILLIPS, R. W., M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S. ; Pro

author of Kentucky'in Ninth Edition of

'Ency. Brit. City.

(J. R. P.) fessor of Botany in the University Coll. of North (W. B. P.)

Wales; author of 'Memoirs on the Physi- PROUT, Major Henry Gosler, editor of PASCO, Hon. Samuel; Member of the Nicara ology of Plants,' Morphology of the Alga, The Railroad Gazette, New York'; sometime guia Canal Commission, United States Senator etc.

(R. W. P.) Governor of the Provinces of the Equator, from the State of Florida, 1887-99. (S. PA.) PHILLPOTTS, Col. A. H. C., R.A.

Africa, and Colonel of Engineers, Army of the
Khedive.

(À. G. P.) PATON, Diarmid Noel, M.D., B.Sc.,

(A. H. C. P.) F.R.C.P. Ed.; Superintendent of Research Laboratory of Royal College of Physicians,

PINCHOT, Gifford, B.A. ; Forester of the PROWSE, Daniel Wodley, K.C., LL.D., Edinburgh, 1889; Lecturer U.S. Department of Agriculture, Special Lec

D.C.L. ; retired Judge Central District Court of on Physiology, turer in the Forest School, Yale Univ. ; author

Newfoundland; appointed Judge Central DisSchool of Medicine of Royal Colleges, Edin

of The White Pine.

(G. P.) burgh, 1886; Biological Fellow of Edinburgh

trict Court, 1869; Commissioner for the Con

solidation of Colonial laws ; Chairman Board University, 1884; Meinber of the Royal Com PITMAN, Charles Murray; stroke of the of Health, 1893-96 ; author of History of mission on Salmon Fisheries ; author of many Oxford Eight, 1893-95. Author of articles on Newfoundland,' 'Manual for Magistrates in papers on Physiological subjects. (D. N. P.) Rowing:

(C. M. P.) Newfoundland,' numerous pamphlets and newsPAUL, Alfred Wallis, C.I.E., B.A.; late PITT, Walter, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Member of

paper articles. Schólar of Wadham College, Oxford ; Indian the Committee of International Maritime Con PULLAN, Rev. Leighton, Fellow of St Civil Service (retired): Political Officer Sikkim ference (London), etc.

(W. P*.) John's Coll., Oxford ; author of History of

(D. W. P.)

on

Early Christianity,' 'Lectures on Religion,' Britischen Reiches,' Vasco da Gama's First RICHARDSON, Charles Francis, A.M., etc.

(L. P.) Voyage,' 'Map, Equatorial Africa,' 'Systematic Ph.D. ; Professor of English, Dartmouth

Atlas.' PURSER, F., M.A., M.R.I.A.; Fellow of

(E. G. R.) College, N.H.; author of History of AmeriTrinity Coll., Dublin, and Professor of Natural RAYLEIGH, Lord, 3rd Baron, D.C.L.

can Literature,' 'The Choice of Books,' etc.,

etc. Philosophy, University of Dublin. (F. Pu.) (Hon. Oxon.), LL.D., D.Sc. (Camb. and Dublin),

(C. F. R.) PURSER, J., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., M.R.I.A. ;

F.R.S.; Professor of Natural Philosophy, RICHARDSON, Professor Rufus B.; emeritus Professor of Mathematics, Queen's Royal Institution; Scientific Adviser to Trinity director of American School of Classical Studies,

Athens.
Coll., Belfast.

(J. Pu.)
House; Cavendish Professor of Experimental

(R. B. R.) Physics, Cambridge, 1879-84; Secretary of PUTNAM, George Haven, A.M., Litt.D.; Royal Society, 1887-96; author of Optics,'

RICHMOND, Sir William Blake, R.A., Head of the publishing House of G. P. Putnam's Wave Theory,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

M.A., K.C.B.; Slade Professor at Oxford, 1878Sons, N.Y.; led in reorganizing, 1887, the Brit.,' Theory of Sound,' numerous scientitic

83; President of Society of Miniature Painters,

1899. Ainerican Copyright League, and was its secre

papers.
(R.)

(W. B. RI.) tary during the movement for International Copyright which resulted in the Copyright Bill REDWOOD, Boverton, F.R.S.Ed.,

RICKETTS, Charles, English printer, artist,

and wood-engraver; one of the founders of the of 1891; Received Cross of the Legion of Honour A.M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Fellow of Inst. of

Vale Press; decorated 'Early Poems of John from France, 1891; author of Question of Chein.; V.P. and Mem. of Council and Pub

Milton,' 'The Poems of Keats,' etc. (C. Ri.) Copyright, Books and their Makers in the lication Com., Soc. Chem. Ind. ; Fellow of Middle Ages,' etc.

(G. H. P*.)

Chein. Geol, and R. Geog. Soc. ; D.Sc. Ohio RILEY, John Athelstan Laurie, M.A.;
Normal University ; Mem. of Am. Chem. Soc.,

travelled in Persia, 1881 ; Turkey in Europe, PUTNAM, Hon. Herbert, Librarian of

and Am. Philosophical Soc. (honorary); Hon. 1883; Persia and Kurdistan, 1884, 1886, 1888; Congress, Washington, D.C.

(H. P.) Corres. Mem. Imperial Russian Technical Soc. ; member of the House of Laymen of the PYLE, Joseph Gilpin; editor of the Post

Chevalier of the Order of Leopold; Consulting Province of Canterbury; member London School Intelligencer,' Seattle, Washington; author of Chemist, with special experience in the tech Board, 1891-97; author of 'Athos, or the Mountain Minnesota in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

nology of petroleum ; Adviser on Petroleum to of the Monks,' various pamphlets and articles, Brit.'

(J. G. P.)

the Home Office; Consulting Adviser to the subjects connected with education, Eastern
Corporation of London under the Petroleum Christians, and foreign travel. (J. A. L. R.)
Acts; Chemical Adviser to the Oil Trade
Section of the London Chainber of Commerce;

RIPON, Bishop of, Rt. Rev. William
Q
member of several juries at International In-

Boyd Carpenter, Hon. D.D. Glasgow, Hon. ventions and Health Exhibitions, president of

D.C.L. Oxon.; Knight of the Order of the QUILLER - COUCH, Arthur Thomas,

Hulsean Lecturer,

Royal Crown, Prussia ;
International Jury for lighting appliances and
B.A. ; Lecturer Classics Trin. Coll., Oxford,

Cambridge, 1878; Bampton Lecturer, Oxford, materials at Brussels Exhibition, 1897, and

1887; Pastoral Lecturer on Theology, Cambridge, 1886-87; author of 'Dead Man's Rock,'. 'Troy member of Jury, Paris Exhibition, 1900; author

1895; Canon of Windsor, 1882-1884; Hon. Town,' The Splendid Spur, Noughts and of Cantor Lectures on Petroleum and its ProCrosses,' 'The Delectable Duchy,' 'Adventures ducts,' 'Petroleum: its Production and Use,'

Chaplain to the Queen, 1879-83; Chaplain-inin Criticism,' 'The Oxford Book of English ' Report (with Sir Frederick Abel) on Accidents

Ordinary, 1883 - 84 ; author of 'Commentary on Verse,'

Christ' (The Lairil's Luck,' finished R.

Revelation,' Witness of Heart to with Mineral Oil Lamps,' 'Report (with Sir (Huslean Lectures), Permanent Elements of L. Stevenson's uncompleted novel 'St Ives, Frederick Abel) on the Transport of Petroleum etc. (A. T. Q.-C.) through the Suez Canal,' 'The Transport of

Religion' (Bampton Lectures), Lectures

Preaching, Christian Reunion,' 'The Great Petroleum in Bulk,' articles on the Petroleum

Charter of Christ,' 'A Popular History of the Industry, and Lamps in Chemical Technology,

Church of England.'

(W. B. R.) R

‘A Treatise on Petroleum,' 'The Detection
an Estimation of Inflammable Gases and RISTORI, E.J., Assoc. M. Inst.C.E. (E. J. R.)

Vapours in the Air' (with Professor Clowes),
RADAU, R.; Membre de l'Académie des Sciences

'Handbook on Petroleum' (with Capt. J. H.

ROBERTS, W.; author of 'Christies',' The et du Bureau des Longitudes, Paris; writer on

Thomson).

(B. R.)

Book-hunter in London,' etc. (W. R*.) Astronomy, etc., part author of 'Géologie d'Ethiopie,' etc.

(R. RA.) REEVES, Hon. William Pember, Agent. ROBERTS-AUSTEN, Sir William RAIKES, His Honour Judge Francis

General for New Zealand ; Member of Senate

Chandler, K.C.B., D.C.L. (Durham), F.R.S.; William, LL.D., K.C.; Judge of County of University of London ; edited the Canter

Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur; chemist and Court (Hull); three years in Merchant Service, bury Times,' and the 'Lyttelton Times'; Mem

assayer to Royal Mint since 1870; Professor then passed into Royal Navy first; called to ber of N.Z. Parliament, 1887-96 ; Minister of

of Metallurgy, Royal School of Mines since the Bar, 1873; author of The New Practice' Education, Labour, and Justice, 1891-96; re

1880; President of Iron and Steel Institute ; (with Mr Justice Kennedy); 'Jurisdiction and

signed position to become Agent - General for author of 'Gold,' etc., in Ninth Edition of Practice of County Courts in Admiralty' (with

colony; author of "The Long White Cloud, a Ency. Brit.,'. 'An Introduction to the Study History of New Zealand,''An Introduction to

of Metallurgy.' Mr Kilburn), ‘Both to Blame,' paper read at

(W. C. R.-A.) Brussels International Law Conference, 1895 ;

the History of Communism and Socialism,' also ROBERTSON, Sir George Scott, K.C.S.I.,

volume of New Zealand verse. and various papers on Maritime Law,' trans

(W. P. R.) D.C.L.; entered Indian Medical Service, 1878; lations and editions of the ‘Maritime Codes of REICH, Emil, Dr. Juris, F.R. Hist.S. ;

British Agent in Gilgit; conducted a political Europe,' etc. (F. W. RA.) author of History of Hungarian Literature,

mission to Chitral, 1893; besieged in Chitral, * History

of RAMBAUT, Arthur Alcock, M.A. (Dub.

Civilization, Graeco - Roman

during March and April 1895; installed the and Oxon.); D.Sc., F.R.S., F.R.A.S. ; Radcliffe Institutions, Historical Atlas of English

present ruler of Chitral, September 1895; History,' Historical Atlas of Modern His

author of 'The Kafirs of the Hindu Kush,' Observer, Oxford; Assistant Astronomer Trinity College, Dublin, at Dunsink, 1882-92; Andrews tory,' etc.

(E. RE*.)

'Chitral: The Story of a Minor Siege.' (G. S. R.) Professor of Astronomy in the University of REID, Clement, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S. ; geo

ROBERTSON, James W.; Commissioner Dublin and Royal Astronomer of Ireland,

of Agriculture and logist on survey of England and Wales;

Dairying, Ottawa, 1892-97; author of various memoirs and papers

Canada,

(J. W. R.) formerly secretary and recorder to the Geoon Astronomical subjects.

(A. A. R*.)
logical Section of British Association; author ROBERTSON,

John

G.;

Lecturer on RAMSAY, William Mitchell, D.C.L., LL.D.

of 'Pliocene Deposits of Britain,' 'Origin of the English Language, University of Stras. St And. and Glasgow, Litt.D. Caínb. ; Professor the British Flora,' many contributions to burg.

(J. G. R.) of Humanity, Aberdeen Univ. ; Fellow of geological journals.

(C. R.)

ROBINSON, A. Mary F.(Mme. Duclaux; Exeter Coll. ; Oxford, 1882; Lincoln Coll., Oxford, 1885; Professor of Classical Art in REID, Sir George, LL.D., ; President Royal

formerly Mme. Darmesteter), author Oxford University, 1885; Levering Lecturer Scottish Academy; author of Lithography,

of ‘Emily Brontë,' 'The End of the Middle

Pa ting, Turner in Ninth Edition of in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1894 ;

Ages,' Margaret of Angoulême, Queen of Foreign Member of Austrian Imperial and Royal

‘Ency. Brit.'

(G. RE.)

Navarre,' 'Retrospect, and other Poems,' 'Life

of Renan,' 'Collected Poems,' 'Marguerites du Archæological Institute, 1900; author of

REID, Hon. Whitelaw, A.M., LL.D. ; editor Temps Passé,' 'Froissart,' 'Grands Ecrivains 'Hermes,' 'Illyria,' 'Jupiter,' Mysteries, of the New York Tribune; Ex-U.S. Minister to d'outre Manche,' etc.

(A. M. F. D.) 'Oracle,'' Phrygia,' Scio, Sicyon,' 'Smyrna,' France ;'author of 'Greeley,' 'Newspapers,' in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'The His Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.' (W. R.)

ROBINSON, Rev. Charles Henry, M.A.; torical Geography of Asia Minor,'The Church

Hon. Canon of Ripon; Lecturer in Hausa in in the Roman Empire,' "The Cities and Bishop: RENTON, A. Wood, LL.B.; Puisne Judge, the University of Cambridge, 1896; travelled in rics of Phrygia,' St Paul the Traveller and Mauritius; author of Thurlow' in Ninth Armenia in order to report to Archbishop of the Roman Citizen,' 'Was Christ born as Beth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'

(A. W. R.) Canterbury on the condition of Armenian lehem ?' 'Historical Commentary on Gala

Church, 1892; conducted pioneer expedition to tians.'

(W. M. RA.) RENWICK, I. P. A., M.A., LL.B.; Kano, 1893-05; author of 'Hausaland, or

assistant editor of the Statesman's Year Fifteen Hundred Miles through the Central RASHDALL, Rev. Hastings, M.A., Book.'

(I. P. A. R.) Soudan,' 'Specimens of Hausa Literature,' D.C.L. ; Fellow and Tutor of New College REYNOLDS, Osborne, M.A., LL.D. Glas;

Grammar of the Hausa Language,' Dictionary Oxford ; Lecturer in St David's College, Lam

of the Hausa Language,'. Studies in the peter, 1883 ; Tutor in the Univ. of Durham, gow, F.R.S., M.I.C.E., Hon. Fellow Queens'

Character of Christ,' 1884-88; Fellow and Lecturer of Hertford Coll., Coll., Cambridge; Professor of Engineering,

Nigeria, Our Latest Protectorate,'

,' 'Human Nature a Revelation of Oxford, 1888 - 95; Chaplain and Theological Owens College, Victoria University, Man

the Divine.'

(C. H. R.) Tutor of Balliol Coll., 1894-95 ; author of The

chester; Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages,'

1877; President, Section G, British Associa- ROBINSON, Gerald Philip; President of Doctrine and Developinent' (with R. S. Rait),

tion, 1887; author of upwards of sixty papers the Society of Mezzotint Engravers ; late MezzoNew College.'

(H. RL.)

on original researches in 'Mechanics and tint Engraver to Queen Victoria, and appointed Physics,' in the Philosophical Transactions and

same to the King, 1901.

(G. P. R.) RÁTH, Dr Zoltáu; Professor at the Royal Proceedings of the Royal Society, etc. (O. R.) Academy of Law, Kassa, Hungary ; late of

ROBINSON, Rev. Joseph Armitage, the Royal Hungarian Statistical Bureau ; RHODES, Hon. Bradford; editor of "The D.D., Ph.D.'; Canon of Westminster; Norrisian author of ‘Evitzedünk egyenesadó-reform Banker's Magazine,' New York. (B. R*.) Professor of Divinity, Cambridge University, jairól.' (Z. R.)

1893-99; author of A Collation of the Athos RHODES, James Ford, LL.D.; anthor of Codex of the Shepherd of Hermas,' 'Appendix RAVENSTEIN, Ernest George; War History of the United States from the ComOffice, Topographical (now Intelligence) De

to The Apology of Aristides,' The Passion of promise to 1850.

(J. F. R.) partment, 1855-75; Council Royal Statistical

St Perpetua,' The Philocalia of Origen,

'Euthaliana,'' Unity in Christ.' RICHARDS, Robert Hallowell, Sc. B.;

(J. A R.) Society, 1877-92; President, Section E, Brit. Assoc., 1891 ; Professor of Geography, Bedford Professor of Mining, Engineering, and_Metal- | ROCKHILL, Hon. William Woodville; Coll., 1882-83; author of The Russians on lurgy, Massachusetts Institute of Techno Head of the Bureau of American Republics; the Amur,' 'Geographie und Statistik des logy

(R. H. R.) sometime First Assistant Secretary of State;

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U.S. Commissioner to China, etc.; author of Atlantic Squadron, battle of Santiago; late | SCOTT, Hon, Sir John, M.A., D.C.L., Land of the Llamas.'

(W. W. R.) Commandant U.S. Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.; K.C.M.G.; Deputy Judge- Advocate-General

Member of International Priine Meridian and ROCKWELL, General Alfred P., author

to His Majesty's Forces ; Judge, aftervards Time Conference; U.S. Delegate to Interof Fire,' Fire Extinction,' in Ninth Edition

Vice-President, International Court of Appeal (A. P. R.)

national Maritime Conference; Chief of U.S. of 'Ency. Brit.'

in Egypt, 1874-82; Judge of High Court,

Bureau of Ordnance, 1893-97. (W. T. S.) Boin bay, 1882-90 ; Judicial Adviser to the ROGERS, Henry Wade, LL.D. ; Lecturer at SAUNDERS, George, B.A.; Berlin Corre.

Khedive of Egypt, 1890-98; Vice-Presilent Yale University; sometime President of North spondent of The Times'; late Berlin Corre

International Law Association ; Grand Coidon Western University, Evanston, Ills. ; Chairman of the World's Congress on Jurisprudence and spondent of the 'Morning Post,' etc. (G. Su.)

of the Medjidieh; Grand Cordon of the Ošmanieh.

(JNO, S.) Law Reform, World's Columbian Exposition; SAYCE, Rev... Archibald Henry, MA SCOTT, Leslie Frederic; Barrister-at-Law, author of 'Expert Testimony, etc. (H. W. R.) LL.D., D.D.; Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford;

Inner Temple.
Professor of Assyriology, Oxford ; Meinber of

(L. F.S.) ROLLS, Hon. C, S.; pioneer in motor-car travelling.

(C. S. R.)

O.T. Revision Company, 1874-84; Deputy Pro- SCOTT, W. W.; foreign sub-editor of the fessor of Comparative Philology, Oxford, 1876 Times.

(W. W. 8*.) ROSCOE, Sir Henry Enfield, Ph.D., 90 ; Hibbert Lect., 1887; Gifford Lect., 1900-1; LL.D., 'D.C.L., M.D., F.R.S. ; Vice-Chancellor, author of Babylonia,''Cyrus,' 'Darius,''Gram

SCOTT-MONCRIEFF, Sir Colin CampUniversity of London; Emeritus Professor, intr,' 'Huinboldt, Inscriptions' (Cuneiform

bell, K.C.M.G., C.S.L., LL.D.; Under-ScOwens College, Victoria University ; Meinber and Semitic), 'Lydia,' in Ninth Edition of

retary for Scotland ; Irrigation Depart. N.W. of Royal Commissions on Noxious Vapours, 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Assyrian Grammar for Com

Provinces ; Chief Engineer, Burmah; UnderTechnical Instruction, Scottish Universities, parative Purposes,' Translations in Records

Secretary of State Public Works, Memsly, Secondary Education, and Exhibition of 1851; of the Past,' Ist series; 'Lectures on the

Cairo, 1883-92; author of Irrigation in Southern President of the British Association (Man Assyrian Language and Syllabary,' 'Baby

Europe.'

(C. S. N) chester, 1887); President Society of Chemical lonian Literature,' Introduction to the Science SCRUTTON, T. E., M.A., K.C.; Barriste, Industry, 1881 ; President Chemical Society, of Language,' 'The Monuments of the Hittites,' Inner Temple; author of 'Law of Copyright' 1852; anthor of 'Lessons in Elementary Fresh Light from the Monuments, " The etc.

(T.E.S) Chemistry, Treatise on Chemistry,' Primer Ancient Empires of the East,' Hibbert of Chemistry,' 'John Dalton, New View of Lectures on Babylonian Religion,'

* The SCUDDER, Horace Elisha, Litt.D., the the Genesis of the Atomic Theory of Chemistry' Hittites,' The Races of the Old Testament,'

late; editor of 'The Atlantic Monthly,' 1890-98; (with Dr Harden). (H. E. R.) 'The Ligher Criticism and the Verdict of the

author of History of the United States,' Book ROSE WATER, Victor, A.M., Ph.D. ;

Monuments,' 'The Exypt of the Hebrews

of Fables,' The Life of James Russell Lowell and Herodotus,' managing editor of the Omaha Bee, Omaha,

Early

etc. History of the

(H. E. S*) Hebrews.' Nebraska; Member Omaha Public Library Bil.,

(A. H. S.) SECCOMBE, Thomas, M.A.; assistant edito, Am. Economic Assn., Am. Library Assn., Nel). SCHIDROWITZ, Philip, Ph.D. Berne;

'Dictionary of National Biography'; author & Historical Society ; author of 'Special Assess F.C.S. (Great Britain and Germany); Member

"The Aye of Johnson,' etc, etc. (T. SE) ments: a Study in Municipal Finance.' (V. R.) of Societies of Chemical Industry and of Public SEDGWICK, Adam, M.A., F.R.S.; Fellow ROSS, H. M., B.A.; formerly exhibitioner of

Analysts; author (joint) of various papers on and Tutor of Trin. Coll. Cambridge, Reader of . Lincoln Coll., Oxford ; writer on engineering

Acids, Wine, Analyses, etc.

(P. S.) Animal Morphology in the University. (A. SE) and scientific subjects; associato editor of SCHILLER, F. C. S., M.A. ; Fellow and SETON-KARR, Henry, M.A., M.P.; the volumes of the 'Encycloparlia Tutor of C.C.C. Oxford.

(F. C. S. S.) travelled and shot big game in Western America, Britannica.'

(H. M. R.)
SCHINDLER, Gen. Sir A. Houtum-,

British Columbia, and Norway; writer on sport ROSSETTI, William Michael; Professional C.1.0. ; general in the Persian army; has

and allied subjects.

(H. S.-K.) Assistant to Board of Inland Rev. for Estate resided, as Persian official, and travelled for SEWARD, Albert Charles, M.A., F.R.S. duty on Pictures and Drawings; author of many years in Persia; author of 'Eastern F.L.S., F.R.G.S.; University Lecturer ir. Canova,'' Correggio,' Fiesole,' 'Ghirlandajo, Persian Irak,' etc.

(A. H.-S.) Botany, Cambridge ; Late Fellow of St John's Lippi,' Murillo,' 'Perugino,' 'Reni,' 'Rosa, Shelley, Titian,' Veronese,' etc., in Nintíı SCHLICH, William, Ph.D., C.I.E., F.R.S.;

College; Fellow and Tutor in Natural Science Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'; Fine Art, chiefly Professor of Forestry, Cooper's Hill Coll.;

at Emmanuel College, Cambridge; author of appointed to the Indian Forest Department,

Fossil Plants as Tests of Climate,' The Wealcontemporary,' 'Lives of Famous Poets,' 'Life 1866; Conservator of Forests, 1871; Inspector

den Flora,'' Fossil Plants for Students of Botany of Kcats,' 'Dante G. Rossetti as Designer and Writer,' Memoir of Dante G. Rossetti'; editor General of Forests to the Governinent of India,

and Geology,' The Jurassic Flora,' also various

Botanical 1881 ; organized the first School of Forestry in of 'The Germ,' 1830, of Shelley's Poems,' of

papers contributed to scientific

journals. England at Cooper's Hill, 1885; author of "A

(A. C. SE.) Wm. Blake's Poems,' of 'Poems by Dante and

Manual of Forestry.' Christina Rossetti,' of 'Ruskin,' 'Rossetti,'

(W. Sca.) SHADWELL, A., M.D. ; author of Taller* Præraphaelitism,' of 'Præeraphaelite Diaries SCHLOSS, David, M.A. ; author of works on

man Treatment by Superheated Dry Air, The and Letters,' etc. (W. M. R.) labour questions.

(D. SCH.)
London Water Supply,' etc.

(A. SL) ROWLAND, Henry Augustus, Ph.D., SCHOULER, James, LL.D.; Professor School SHADWELL, L. L., M.A. ; Barrister-at-Law, LL.D., F.R.S., the late; Professor of Physics, of Law, Boston University, and Lecturer at !

Lincoln's Inn; revising barrister, Middlesex, Johns Hopkins University; recipient of Ruum Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; author

1985-1902.

(L. L. S.) ford, Draper, and Matteucci medals for scientific of Iristory of the United States under the

SHARP, David, M.A., M.B., C.M., F.R.S.; discoveries; Hon. Member Inst. of France, etc.; Constitution' and numerous works on Juris Past President of Entomological Society of author of Screw’in Ninth Edition of Ency. prudence.

(J. Sci.) London; author of "Aquatic Čarnivorous ColeBrit.'

(H. A. R.)
SCHRADER, Franz ; Prix Gay de l'Académie optera, 'Insects.'

(D. S*.) RUFFINI, Arthur; Royal Naval Academy, des Sciences; editor of 'L'Année Cartogra- SHARP, Robert Farquharson, B.A.; Leghorn.

(A. R*.) phique,'' Le Tour du Monde'; author of ' Aperçı Assistant Librarian, British Museuni; edited RUGE, Dr Sophus; Professor of Geography,

de la Structure Géologique des Pyrénées, 'Lytton's Plays, author of 'Dictionary of

etc. University of Dresden; author of Map' in

(F. Sci.) English Authors,' Wagner's drama, 'Der Ring Ninth Ellition of 'Ency. Brit.,' Geschichte des SCHURMAN, Jacob Gould, D.Sc., LL.D.;

des Nibelungen,'' Translation of Victor Hugo's Zeitalters der Entdeckungen,' 'Abhandlungen President and sometime Professor of Philo

“Hernani," *Makers of Music,''Architects of und Vorträge zur Geschichte der Erdkunde,' sophy, Cornell University; Chairinan of the

English Literature.'

(R. F. S.) ‘Christopher Columbus,' etc.

(S. R.) U.S. Philippine Commission, 1899; author of SHAW, Albert, Ph.D.; editor of the American RUSSELL, Hon. Bertrand Arthur

‘Kantian Ethics,' 'Ethics of Evolution,' 'Ag Monthly Review of Reviews'; author of 'Local William, M.A. ; Fellow of Trinity College,

nosticism and Religion,' etc. (J. G. S*.) Government in Illinois,' 'Municipal GovernCambridge; author of 'German Social Democ SCHURZ, Hon. Carl, LL.D.; Secretary of

ient in Great Britain,' 'Municipal Government racy,' 'Essay on the Foundations of Geometry,' the Interior under President Hayes ; author of

in Continental Europe,' etc.

(A. Sw.) Philosophy of Leibnitz.' (B. A. W. R.) Life of Henry Clay,' "Abraham Lincoln,' SHAW, Flora L. (Miss); special corresponRUSSELL, George William Erskine,

'Speeches.'

(C. S.) dent for The Times' to South Africa and LL.D.; Parliamentary Secretary to the Local

SCOTT, Austin, Ph.D., LL.D.; President Australia, Canada and Klondike; anthor of Government Board, 1883-85; Under-Secretary Rutgers College and Rutgers Scientific School,

articles on British colonial questions. (F.L. S.) of State for India, 1892-94 ; for the Homo New Jersey.

(A. Sc.) SHAW, Herbert, B.A. ; Secretary of the Department, 1894-95; author of ' A Monograph SCOTT, Dukinfield Henry, M.A., Ph.D.,

Tyneside Geographical Society. (E SH.) on the Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone,' ' Letters of Matthew Arnold,' Collections and Recollec

F.R.$. ; Honorary Keeper Jodrell Laboratory, SHAW, Hon. Leslie Mortier, LL.D.; tions, 1898.'

(G. W. E. R.)
Royal Gardens, Kew ; Assistant Professor of Secretary of the U.S. Treasury ;'

formerly
Botany, Univ. Coll., London, 1882-85; Royal Governor of the State of Iowa. (L. M. S.)
Coll. of Science, London, 1885-92 ; a General
Secretary of the British Association;

SHAYLOR, J.; manager to Simpkin, Marshall,
and Co.

(J. Su*.) s

operated with the late Professor W. C. William

son in his ‘Researches on Fossil Plants'; one of SHEARMAN, Montague; past President SACHS, Edwin O., A.M.I.C.E. ; Chairman of the editors of the 'Annal Botany'; author O.U.A.C.: joint-author of 'Football: Its British Fire Prevention Committee; Fellow of

of An Introduction to Structural Botany,' History for Five Centuries, 'author of 'Athletics the Royal Statistical Society ; Associate of the 'Studies in Fossil Botany'; author and joint and Football.'

(M. S.) Institution of Naval Architects, etc. ; in 1898 author of many botanical papers, (D. H. S.) he applied electrical power to the working of SCOTT, Harold Spencer; Barrister-at-Law,

SHEARMAN, Thomas Gaskell, the late;

joint-author of 'Shearinan and Redtield on the stage at Drury Lane; in 1999 he was

Lincoln's Iun. appointed technical adviser to the Royal

(H. S. S.) Negligence'; author of Natural Taxation, Opera, Covent Garden ; founded in 1897 the SCOTT, Sir James George, G.C.I.E. ; War

Crooked Taxation,' 'Distribution of Wealth, "The Single Tax,' etc.

(T. G. S.) British Fire Prevention Comunittee, and in Correspondent in Perak, 1875-76 ; Burma, 1879; 1899 the first independent fire-testing station Hong Kong, 1883-85 ; joined Burma Commission SHERRINGTON, Charles S., M.A. established in Europe ; author of Modern in 1886; member of Anglo-Siainese Boundary M.D., F.R.S. ; Professor of Physiology, Univ. Opera Houses and Theatres,' 'Stage Con Commission, 1889-90 ; Superintendent Northern Coll. Liverpool; Member of Council of Royal struction,' (Fires and Public Entertain - Shan States, 1891 ; Chargé d'Afaires in Bang Society; Late Brown Professor of Pathology, ments.'

(E. O. S.) kok, 1893-94 ; British Commissioner, Mekong University of London; Lecturer on PhysiST. JOHN, Molyneux ; Ottawa, Canada.

Commission, 1894-96; British Commissioner ology, St Thomas's Hospital, London ; Croonian (M. ST. J.)

Burma-China Boundary Commission, 1898-1900; Lecturer, Royal Society; Member of the Coin author of The Burman, His Life and Notions,'

mission on Asiatic Cholera, 1886; AngloSAMPSON, Rear - Admiral William France and Tongking' 'Burma,' "The Upper

American Secretary, International Congresses Thomas, LL.D.; in command of U.S. North Burma Gazetteer.

(J. G. Sc.) of Physiology, Liège 1892, Berne 1895, Cam

CO

bridge 1898, Turin 1901 ; author of numerous SNOW, Marshall Solomon, A.M.; Pro STERLING, Maj.-Gen. John B.; Egypt, scientific papers to the Royal and other fessor of History and Dean of the College, 1882; Sudan and Cyprus, 1885. (J. B. S.) scientific societies, especially on the brain and Washington University, St Louis, Missouri; nervous system. (C. S. S.) author of Missouri 'in Ninth Edition of STEWART, John Alexander, M.A., LL.D.;

Tutor of Christ Church ; White's Professor of SHERWELL, Arthur; author of works on

'Ency. Brit.,' 'The City Government of St
Louis.

Moral Philosophy, Oxford ; author of The Temperance questious.

(M. S. S.) (A. SH.)

English MSS. of the Nicomachean Ethics,' SHIPLEY, Arthur Everett, M.A., F.Z.S.; SÖDERBERG, Dr E.; of the Central Statis

Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics.' (J. A. St.) tical Bureau, Sweden'; author of 'Samuel Fellow, Tútor, and Lecturer at Christ's College,

Johan Hedborn,' etc. Cambridge ; Lecturer on Advanced Morphology

STOCK, Eugene; Editorial Secretary of the (E. So.) Church Missionary Society.

(E. ST.) of the Invertebrata in the University ; Demon- SOULE, R. H., B.A., M.E.; sometime General strator of Comparative Anatomy in the Uni Manager of the Erie R. R.

STOCKMAN, Ralph, M.D., F.R.C.P.Ed., (R. H. So.)

F.R.S.Ed.; Professor of Materia Medica and versity, 1885-94; Fellow of Christ's College, 1587; Member of the Council of the Senate,

PIELMANN, Marion H.; editor of the Therapeutics, University of Glasgow; assistant

Magazine of Art' since 1887'; art critic to in the University of Edinburgh for six years, 1896; author of 'Zoology of the Invertebrata'; author of 'Vine Disease,' 'Wasps,' 'Wheat

‘Daily Graphic' until, in 1891, art editor and and afterwards Lecturer on Materia Medica in

part-founder of Black and White'; author of the School of Medicine. Pests,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.';

(R. S*.) joint-editor and part-author of the Cambridge

* Works of G. F. Watts, R.A.,' Henriette
Ronner,' 'History of “Punch, Millais and

STRANGE, Edward Fairbrother; AssistNatural History'; editor of the 'Pitt Press his Works,' 'The Unidentified Contributions of

ant Keeper, National Art Library ; Assistant, Natural Science Manuals,' Biological Series ;

Thackeray to “Punch,"
"John Ruskin,' Notes

South Kensington Museum, 1889; National Art part-author of 'A Text - Book on Zoology, on the Wallace Collection in Hertford House,'

Library, 1891; author of Alphabets : a Handetc.

(A. E. S.)
The Portraits of Geoffrey Chaucer,' 'British

book of Lettering,' 'Japanese Illustration, SHORTER, Clement King; editor of Sculpture and Sculptors of To-day.' (M. H. S.)

Worcester, the Cathedral and City,' and

numerous essays on art subjects. (E. F. S.) The Sphere'; late editor of the Illustrated London News,' the "Sketch,' and the English

SPIERS, R. Phené, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. ;
Master of the Architectural School and Sur-

STREATFIELD, R. A., B.A. ; author of Illustrated Magazine'; author of 'Charlotte

Masters of Italian Music, T'he Opera, Brontë and Her Circle,' 'Sixty Years of Vicveyor of Royal Academy; Associate and Hon.

etc. Fellow of King's Coll. London ; Past President

(R. A. S.) (C. K. S.) torian Literature,' etc. etc.

Architectural Association; Member of STURT, H.; Queen's College, Oxford. (H. ST.) SIBREE, Rev. James; for over twenty Council Royal Institute of British Architects;

years á missionary in Madagascar; author of Hon. and Corres. Member of the Société SUPLEE, Henry Harrison, B.Sc. ; Member Madagascar' in the Ninth Edition of the Centrale des Architectes, Paris; Sociedaci de

of the American Society of Mechanical EnEncy. Brit.,' 'Madagascar and its People,' los Arquitectos, Madrid ; edited 'Pugiri's Nor

gineers; Member of the Franklin Institute; "The Great African Island,'Madagascar before mandy,' Fergusson's History of Architecturo';

Membre du Société des Ingénieurs Civils de the Conquest,' etc. (J. SI*.) author of 'Architectural Drawing,' 'Architec

France; Mitglied des Vereines Deutscher InSIMPSON, Alexander Russell, M.D. ;

tural Essays on Pierrefonds,''Domed Churches in

genieure; associate-editor of 'Engineering MagaPerigord," Mosqueat Damascus,' etc. (R. P. S.)

zine,' New York and London; author of the Professor of Midwifery and the Diseases of

English translation of Reuleaux's 'KonstrukWomen and Children, University of Edin SPRING-RICE, Stephen Edward, C.B.; tenr,' and other works.

(H. H. S*.) burgh; editor of Sir James Y. Simpson's Principal Clerk 1. M. Treasury; Auditor of the Lectures on Diseases of Women'; author of Civil List; private secretary to successive

SWINBURNE, Algernon Charles; author Contributions to Obstetrics and Gynecology,' Financial Secretaries to the Treasury, 1881

of Beaumontand Fletcher,''Congreve, Keats,' and of an 'Atlas of the Frozen Section of a 1888, and to Chancellor of the Exchequer,

'Landor,' Marlowe,' 'Mary' (of Scotland), Cada ver in the Genu - pectoral Position 1880.

Tourneur,' 'John Webster,' in Ninth Edition

(S. E. S.-R.) (along with Dr Berry Hart), and

of 'Ency. Brit., The Queen - Mother, and many

SQUIRE, William Barclay, B.A., F.S.A.,

(A. R. S.) Memoirs.

Rosamond,' 'Atalanta in Calydon,''Chastelard,'

F.R.G.S. ; Assist. Brit. Museum ; Hon. Sec. * Poems and Ballads,' William Blake,' 'Songs SIMPSON, Rev. James Gilliland, M.A.; Purcell Soc.; Joint Hon. Sec. Eng. Com. Inter before Sunrise,' ‘Bothwell,' 'Songs of Two

Principal of Leeds Clergy School; lately Rector national Music Society; late musical critic of Nations,' 'George Chapman,' Poems and of St Paul's, Dundee.

(J. G. Si.) Westininster Gazette, Saturday Review,' and Ballads' (2nd series), 'A Study of Shakespeare, SIMPSON, Lieut. - Col. W.A. ; Assistant

'Globe' (London); author of various articles Mary Stuart, Tristram of Lyonesse, and

on music; and editor of 'Byrd's Masses,' The Adjutant-General U.S. War Department; In

other Poeins,',Miscellanies,' 'A Study of Fitzwilliam Virginal Book,' etc. (W. B. S*.) structor U.S. Military Academy, West Point,

Victor Hugo,' 'Locrine,' Poems and Ballads 1883-87. (W. A. S.) ! STANTON, Rev. Vincent Henry, D.D.,

(3rd series), “Study of Ben Jonson,' “Studies M.A.; Ely Professor of Divinity, Cambridge,

in Prose and Poetry,''Rosamund, Queen of the SINCLAIR, F. G., M.A., F.L.S. ; author of

and Canon of Ely; Hulsean Lecturer, 1879;

Lombards,' etc.

(A. C. S.) iany biológical papers in scientific journals,

author of "The Jewish and the Christiani SYMONS, Arthur; author of 'An Introduction etc.

(F.G. S*.)

Messiah,'' The Place of Authority in Matters of to the Study of Brówning,' ' Days and Nights,' SKINNER, Frank C.; Principal Examiner Religious Belief.'

(V. H. S.) 'Silhouettes,' 'London Nights,' 'Studies in and Chief of Classification Division, U.S. Patent STATHAM, H, H.; editor of “The Builder';

Two Literatures,' 'The Symbolist Movement in Office.

(F. C. S.)
author of Architecture for General Readers,'

Literature,' 'Images of Good and Evil,' 'Col

lected Poems.' SLOANE, Thomas O'Conor, Ph.D., A. M. ; 'Architecture among the Poets.' (H. H. S.)

(A. Sy.) late Professor Nat. Sc., Setoń Hall Coll.,

SYMONS, H.; British Museum. (H. Sv.) South Orange, V.J.

(T. O'C. S.) | STEBBING, Rev. Thomas Roscoe Rede,

M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F. Z.S.; Fellow of King's SLOANE,

William Milligan, Ph.D., College, London; Fellow of Worcester Coll. L.HD., LL.D. ; Professor of History, Colunbia Oxford; prepared Report on the Amphipoda

T University, New York; sometime Professor of

of the Challenger' Expedition ; Chairman of History in Princeton University, and editor of Conference of Delegates, corresponding societies TAIT, Peter Guthrie, M.A., D.Sc., the late; the Princeton Review'; Secretary to George of British Association, 1899; author of Trans Professor of Natural Philosophy, Edin.; Sec. Bancroft in Berlin, 1873-75; author of The lation of Longinus On the Sublime,'' Essays on Royal Soc., Edin.; Hon. Fellow St Peter's Coll., French War and the Revolution,' Napoleon Darwinism,'"“Challenger” Reports, “Zoology,' Cambridge; Professor of Mathematics, Queen's Bonaparte,' etc.

(W. M. S.) ‘A History of Crustacea,' etc. (T. R. R. S.) Coll., Belfast, 1854 ; author of Light, “Sir SLOCUM, William F., LL.D.; President STEDMAN, Edmund Clarence, L.H.D.,

W. Rowan Hamilton,' etc., in Ninth Edition Colorado College. (W. F. S.) LL.D.; poet and critic; author of 'Poems,'

of ‘Ency. Brit., Dynamics of a Particle, Victorian Poets,' 'Poets of America,' 'The

Quaternions,' 'Therino - Dynamics,' Heat, SMITH, Benjamin Eli, A.M. ; assistant

Nature and Elements of Poetry'; editor of

Light,' etc. editor of the Century Dictionary'; editor of

(P. G. T.) Library of American Literature,' Victorian TANSLEY, A. G., M.A., F.L.S. ; Asst. Prothe Century Cyclopædia of Names, and of

Anthology,' etc.

(B. E. S.) the 'Century Atlas.'

(E. C. S.) fessor of Botany, University Coli., London ; STEED, H. WICKHAM ; Correspondent of

author of Memoirs on the Anatomy of Plants'; SMITH, Hon. Charles Emory; Post

"The Times at Rome.

(H. W. S.)

editor of 'The New Phytologist,' etc. (A. G. T.) master - General, Washington, D.C.; formerly United States Minister to Russia ; editor of the STEPHEN, Sir Herbert, Bart., LL.M. ;

TAUSSIG, Frank William, Ph.D., LL.D.; ‘Philadelphia Press' since 1880. (C. E. S.)

Professor of Political Economy, Harvard UniClerk of Assize for the Northern Circuit; author of The Law Relating to Malicious Prosecu

versity, and editor of the Quarterly Journal SMITH, George Barnett, F.R.G.S. ; author

tions,' 'Prisoners on Oath,' etc. (H. S*.)

of Economics'; author of Tariff History of of Mrs Browning,' in Ninth Edition of Ency,

the United States,' 'Wages and Labour, Brit.,' 'Shelley,” Life of Mr Gladstone, STEPHEN, Leslie, Litt.D., M.A.; Hon. etc.

(F. W. T.) Victor Hugo,'' The Life of Mr Bright,' 'The Fellow of Trin. Hall, Camb.; President of TAYLOR, Charles, M.A., D.D., Hon. LL.D. Prime Ministers of Queen Victoria,' Life and Ethical Society; formerly Fellow and Assistant

(Harvard); Master of St John's Coll., CamEnterprises of Ferdinand de Lesseps, The Tutor, Trin. Hall Coll., and Clark Lecturer in

bridge; author of Geometrical Conics, The Life of Queen Victoria,' etc.

(G. B. S.) English Literature; editor of Cornhill Magazine,
1871-82; Dictionary of National Biography,

Gospel in the Law,' 'The Teaching of the SMITH, Hubert Llewellyn, M.A.; Deputy 1882-91 ; author of Hours in a Library,'

Twelve Apostles,' etc.

(C. T*.) Controller-General and Labour Commissioner, History of English Thought in the Eighteenth TAYLOR,Hon. Hannis, LL.D.; U.S. Minister Labour Department, Board of Trade; Cobden

Century,' Essays on Freethinking and Plain to Spain, 1893-97; author of The Origin and Prize, Oxford, 1890.

(H. L. S.) Speaking,' The Science of Ethics,' 'Life of Growth of the English Constitution.' (H. T*) SMITH, Dr Hugh M.; in charge of Division

Henry Fawcett,' 'An Agnostic's Apology, Life TCHERTKOFF; V.; author of Christian of Inquiry respecting Food Fishes, U.S. Com

of Sir James Fitz-James Stephen,' Studies of a mission of Fish and Fisheries.

Martyrdom in 'Russia'; agent for Count (H. M. S*.)

Biographer,''The English Utilitarians'; edited
‘Letters of John Richard Green.' (L. S.)

Tolstoy in England.

(V. T.) SMITH, John, C.B.; Inspector - General in Bankruptcy.

TEDDER, Henry Richard, F.S.A.; Secretary
STEPHENS, F. G. one of the Pre-Raphaelite
(J. Sv*.)
Brotherhood; late art critic of the 'Athenæum';

and Librarian of the Athenæum Club; librarian SMYTH, Herbert Warrington, M.A., author of Landseer'in Ninth Edition of Ency.

to Lord Acton, 1873-74; one of the organisers LL.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.S. ; Sec. Mining Dept., Brit.,'. Catalogue of Satires' (Brit. Mus.),

and joint-sec. of 1st International Conference Transvaal ; Order of the White Elephant, Siam; * Artists at Home,'. George Cruikshank,

of Librarians, 1877; joint hon. sec. of Library Sec. Siamese Legation, 1898-1901; author of Memorials of W. Mulready,' 'French_and

Association, 1878-80; hon. treas. of the same, Journey on the Upper Mekong,''Five Years in Flemish Pictures,' 'Sir E. Landseer,' 'T. C.

1889-97, and 1898-1901 ; President, 1897-98; Siam,' etc. (H. W. Sm.) Hook, R. A.,' etc.

(F. G. S.)

treas. and sec. Metropolitan Free Libraries'

Committee, 1878-80; hon. treas. second InterSNOW, Francis Huntingdon, LL.D.; Chan. STERLAND, Miss M. writer on Ecclesi national Conference of Librarians, 1897 ; jointcellor of the University of Kansas. (F. H. S.) astical History.

(M. B. S.) editor of first three volumes of Transactions of

B.;

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