« EelmineJätka »
MARZIALS, Frank Thomas; Accountant- sina,' 'Ikoniya, the Mother of the Vezier,' MOSCA, Gaetano; Professor of Constitutional
(c. Mi.) MOSCHINI, V.; Mayor of Padua. (V. Mo.) in the Life of Thackeray,' 'Life of Gambetta,'
Frederick Walker, M.D., B.S. etc.
(F. T. M.)
Lond., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.; Physician to Out-
Patients, Charing Cross Hospital; Patho
the Hall, London ; author 'Sharps
London County Asylums ;
Croonian Lecturer, Royal College of Physicians, since 1901; Hon. Corresponding Member of the
1900. Geographical Societies of Paris, Berlin, Amster
(F. W. Mo.) MASON, Otis Tufton, A.M., Ph.D. ; Curator Ethnology, U.S. Nat. "Museum, Washington;
dam, Budapest, Brisbane, and Philadelphia ; MUIR, John, A.M., LL.D.; U.S. Explorer author of The Hupa Indians,' Woman's
Recorder of Section E, British Association, and Naturalist; discoverer of the Muir glacier, Share in Primitive Culture,' 'Cradles of the
1893-99; President, Section E, 1901; British Alaska; author of The Mountains of CaliNorth Ainerican Indians,' The Antiquities of
Delegate to International Conference on the fornia' and of numerous articles on the natural
(O. T. M.) Guadeloupe,' etc.
Exploration of the Sea, at Christiania, 1901 ; history of the Pacific Coast, Alaska, etc.;
author of 'Rainband,' “Rain-gauge,' Thermo- Editor 'Picturesque California.' (J. Mu*.) MATHEWS, George Ballard, M.A., meter,' Whirlpool,' in Ninth Edition of Ency.
F.R.S. ; laté Professor of Mathematics, Uni- Brit., Realm of Nature, The Clyde Sea MUIR, Robert, M.A., M.D., C.M.; Professor versity Coll. of Wales; formerly Fellow of St Area,' 'The English Lakes,' 'Hints on the
of Pathology, University of Glasgow ; Examiner John's Coll., Cambridge; author of ' A Treatise Choice of Geographical Books,' New Lands,'
in Pathology, Oxford ; senior assistant to the Bessel Functions' (part), 'Theory of The International Geography,' etc. (H. R. M.)
Prof. of Pathology, Edinburgh, and Pathologist Numbers,' etc. (G. B. M.)
to Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, 1892 ; Lecturer MILLINGEN, Alexander Van, M.A. ; on Pathological Bacteriology, Edinburgh, 1894 ; MATTHEWS, Brander, LL.B., D.C.L., Robert College, Constantinople; author of Professor of Pathology, St Andrews, 1898-99 ;
A.M. ; Professor of English, Columbia Uni- Byzantine Constantinople,' etc. (A. VAN M.) author of Manual of Bacteriology' (with Dr versity; author of French Dramatists of the
J. Ritchie), Scientific Papers,' etc. (R. Mu*.) Nineteenth Century,''Introduction to the Study
MILMAN, Sir Archibald John Scott, of American Literature,' 'Aspects of Fiction and
K.C.B., the late; Clerk of the House of Com- MUNRO, Wilfred H.; A.M., Professor Other Ventures in Criticism,' etc. (B. M.)
mons 1900, retired 1902; entered service of of European History, Brown University,
1857 ; promoted
(W. H. Mv.)
MURPHY, Shirley Forster, M.D., ant, 1886-1900.
(A. J. S. M.)
M.R.C.S.; Medical Officer of Health, Adminis-
employed by Japanese Govt. as geologist and Sweden, and of Roy. Soc. Hygiene, Italy ; erick, K.C.B.; commanded Woolwich District,
mining engineer; established the Seismic Sur- author of Infectious Disease and its Preven1895-1901 ; Ashanti Campaign, 1873-74; South
vey of Japan; designer of seismographs and tion,' editor of Our Homes and How to make Africa, 1879; Zulu Campaign, 1880 ; Egyptian instruments to record vibrations on railways,
them Healthy,' etc.
(S. F. M.) Expedition, 1882;
Intelligence Dept. War Office; etc.; author of 'Earthquakes,' 'Seismology,
MURRAY, Sir George Herbert, K.C.B. ; of Military History, Staff College, Aldershot,
Secretary to the Post Office since 1899; entered 1892-93 ; commanding R.A., Colchester, 1893- MILTON, James Tayler, M.I.C.E.; Chief Foreign Office, 1873 ; transferred to Treasury, 95 ; Maj.-Gen., Dec. 1895; author of War,' Engineer Surveyor, Lloyd's Register of Ship- 1880; private secretary to Mr Glastone in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Life of
ping; Member of Inst. of Naval Architects and Earl of Rosebery when Prime Minister; Frederick Denison Maurice,' Hostilities without and of the Iron and Steel Inst., etc. (J. T. M1.) Chairman Board of Inland Revenue, 1897Declaration of War,' Balance of Military MINCHIN, E. A., M.A., F.Z.S.; Jodrell
(G. H. M.) Power in Europe,' 'War,' National De.
Professor of Zoology and Comparative Ana- MUTHER, Dr Richard, Professor of Art fences.'
(J. F. M*.)
tomy, Univ. Coll., London; late Fellow of History, University of Breslau ; author of "The MAUS, Octave; editor of 'L'Art Moderne,' Merton Coll., Oxford ; late Lecturer Comp. History of Modern Painting, "The Oldest Brussels.
(O. M*.) Anatomy, Oxford ; late Lecturer in Biology, German Picture Bibles,' 'Gothic and Early Guy's Hospital ; author of
Renaissance Illustrations of German Books, MAXWELL, William H., A.M.I.C.E. ; etc.
(E. A. M.) 'A Century of French Painting,' etc. (R. MR.) Borough and Waterworks Engineer, Tunbridge MITCHELL, Hugh; of Gibraltar; Barrister: MYRES, J. L.; Student and tutor of Christ Wells Corporation, author of 'The Removal and Disposal of Town Refuse,' 'Destructors at-Law, Inner Temple.
(H. M*.) Church; 'of and Steam Production,' etc. (W. H. MA.) MITCHELL, Peter Chalmers, D.Sc.,
the Cyprus Museum.'
(J. L. M.) MAYO-SMITH, Richmond, Ph.D., the
M.A., F.Z.S. ; Lecturer on Biology at the Lonlate; Professor of Political Economy, Columbia
don Hospital Medical College ; University
Deinonstrator in Comparative Anatomy, and
91; Lecturer on Biology at Charing Cross
Rev. Alexander, M.A MEAD, Hon. Elwood: in charge of Irriga- examiner in Biology to the R.C.P. 1892-96 ; fessor tion Investigations, U.S. Department of
anthor of Outlines of Biology,' 'The Biologi- in King's Coll., Lond. ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., Agriculture.
cal Problem of To-day' (translated), Thomas Cambridge, 1887-93 ; Vice-Principal of Clergy MEAKIN, Budgett, author of The Henry Huxley,' etc.
(P. C. M.) Training School, 1887-89.
(A. N*) Moorish Einpire,' etc.
(B. M*.) MONCKTON, Lionel; composer, and musical NANSEN, Fridtjof, D.Sc., LL.D., D.C.L., MEISSAS, Gaston; meinb. Société de
critic to the Daily Telegraph.'
(L. M.) Ph.D.; went to Greenland Sea, 1882; curator Géographie; author of Marseilles,' and (part) | MONK HOUSE, William Cosmo, the
in Natural History Museum, Bergen; went of Paris,' in the Ninth Edition of the 'Ency. late Assistant Sécretary (Finance) Board of
across Greenland, 1888-89; curator Museum of Brit.,' 'Grands Voyageurs de notre Siècle,' Trade; served on several Departmental Com
Comparative Anatomy, Christiania University; etc. (G. ME.) mittees and Committee on the Mercantile Marine
made his North Pole Expedition, in which he
reached the highest latitude until then attained MERCATELLI, Luigi, late war corre
Fund, 1894-96 ; author of "The Christ upon
(86 deg. 175 m.), 1893-96; Prof. of Zoology, Earlier English Water-Colour Painters,' The
Christiania University; anthor of Across MERRIFIELD, Webster, LL.D.; Presi- Italian Pre-Raphaelites,' 'British Contein
Greenland,' 'Eskimo Life,' 'Tarthest North,' dent and Professor of Political Economy, State
(C. Mo.) porary Artists,' etc.
The Norwegian North Polar Expedition,' University of North Dakota. (W. Ms.)
'Scientific Results,' etc.
(F. N.) MONTAGU, Sir Samuel; head of the MERRILL, Hon. Frederick James
banking firm of Samuel Montagn and Co., NASH, James Okey, M.A., of the Community Hamilton, Ph.D.; Director of N.Y. State London; member of Gold and Silver Com
of the Resurrection.
(J. O. N.) Museum, Albany, N.Y., N.Y. State Geologist; mission, 1887-90; author of magazine articles NATHAN, Major F, L., R.A. ; SuperintendFellow Am. Ass. Adv. Science and Geol. Soc.
on Finance, Decimal Currency, Weights and ent of the Royal Gunpowder Factory, Waltham of America; Member Am. Inst. Mining En
(F. L. N.)
(F. J. H. M.)
MOORE, Hon. John Bassett, LL.D.; NATHAN, Major Matthew, C.M.G., R.E. ;
Professor International Law and Diplomacy, Governor of Gold Coast; served in Nile ExMIDDLETON, R. E., M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Columbia University, New York; author Ex
pedition, 1885; Lushai Expedition, 1889; Sec. Fellow of the Sanitary Inst., Fellow of Sur- tradition and Inter-State Rendition,' 'Inter
Col. Defence Com. 1895 - 1900; administered veyors’ Inst., etc. ; late Engineer-in-Charge of national Arbitrations,' etc.
(J. B. M*) Government Sierra Leone, 1899. (M. N.) Surveying of Forth Bridge ; Instructor in Survəying, Central Tech. Coll., S. Kensington ; MORENO, Dr Francesco P.; donor and
NELSON, William Rockhill, Editor-in
director of the La Plata Museum, Buenos Aires ; Lecturer on Waterworks, Engineering and Sew
Chief of the Kansas City Star,' Kansas City, repr. in Great Britain of the Argentine in conage, Univ. Coll., London ; part author of 'A
(W. R. N.) nexion with Chilian Argentine Boundary DisTreatise on Surveying,' etc.
(R. E. M.)
pute; author of 'La Plata,' etc. (F. P. M.) NEWCOMB, Prof. Simon, Ph.D., LL.D., MIJATOVICH, Chedomille; Senator_of
D.Sc., D. Nat. Phil.; Superintendent U.S. the kingdom of Servia since 1875; Envoy Ex
MORFILL, William Richard, M.A.; Pro-
Nautical Almanac; Foreign Mem. Royal Society, traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of
London; Assoc. Institute of France, etc.; the King of Servia to the Court of St James, guages, Oxford ; Curator of the Taylor Institu
author of 'Moon' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. tion, Oxford ; anthor of Russia' (History 1895-1900; transferred to Constantinople, 1900; and Literature) in Ninth Edition of Ency.
Brit.,'. 'Popular Astronomy,' etc.; editor of Minister of Finance and Cominerce of Servia,
American Journal of Mathematics. (S. N.) Brit.'
(W. R. M.) 1873 ; Minister of Foreign Affairs and Finance,
NEWELL, Frederick Haynes; IIydro1880; Servian Minister to the Court of St MORSE, John Torrey, Jr. ; sometime LecJames, 1884; Servian Plenipotentiary for the turer on History, Harvard University ; author
grapher of the U.S. Geol. Survey ; author of conclusion of peace with Bulgaria, 1886 ; of biographies of Alexander Hamilton, Abraham
Agriculture by Irrigation,' 'Hydrography of
the United States, etc. Lincoln, John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jeffer
(F. H. N.) Member of Royal Servian Academy of Science; corresponding member of South Slavonic
son, etc., and of The Life and Letters of Oliver NEWSOM, George Ernest, M.A.; ViceAcademy; hon. member of Royal Hist. Soc.
(J. T. Mo.)
Principal of ng's College, London. (G. E. N.) London; author of several publications in MORTON, Hon. Julius Sterling (tho NEWTON, Henry G., M.A., LL.B. : Referee Servian on Political Economy, Finances, His- late); sometime U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
(H. G. N.) tory of Commerce, and History of Servia in
in Bankruptcy, New Haven, Conn. and President of Nebraska State Historical Fifteenth Century; novels - 'Rayko of Ras- Society.
(J. S. M*.) | NISBET, C.
(C. N.) paper articles. Schólar of Wadham College, Oxford ; Indian the Committee of International Maritime Con- PULLAN, Rev. Leighton, Fellow of St Civil Service (retired): Political Officer Sikkim ference (London), etc.
NORTON, Charles Eliot, LL.D.; Professor Expedition; British Commissioner under Anglo- | POLLEN, John Hungerford, M.A.; Exof the History of Art, Harvard ; Dante scholar Chinese Convention of 1890; Deputy Commis- aminer for Art, South Kensington;
Fellow of and translator; author of 'Church Buildings sioner of Darjeeling.
(A. W. P.) Merton Coll., Oxford ; Professor of Fine Arts in in the Middle Ages’;, editor of Letters of PEACH, Capt, E., Indian Staff Corps; author
Catholic University of Dublin; Cantor Lecturer, James Russell Lowell,' 'Correspondence of Carlyle and Emerson,' Writings of George of 'Tactics-Savagé Warfare,' etc. (E. P.)
Society of Arts, 1885; author of 'Carving,' Fili
gree, Furniture,' in Ninth Edition of Ency, William Curtis,' etc.
(C. E. N.) PEARSON, Karl, M.A., LL.B., F.R.S. ; Pro- Brit.,' 'Ancient and Modern Furniture and NORTON, Professor Richard N.; Ameri
fessor of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Woodwork,' 'Ancient and Modern Gold- and can School of Archaeology, Rome. (R. N. N.)
University College, London ; Gresham Professor Silver-smiths' Work, "The Trojan Column,' of Geometry, 1892-94 ; Darwin Medal Royal etc.
(J. H. P.) NOTTER, Col. J. Lane, M.A., M.D., Society, 1898; author of 'Graminar of Science,' R.A.M.C., F.C.S.; late Prof. of Military
POLLOCK, Sir Frederick, Bt., LL.D.,
'Enlarged Grammar of Science, The Chances Hygiene, Netley; author of "The Theory and
D.C.L. ; Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence, of Death, and other Studies in Evolution,' Practice of Ilygiene,' etc. (J. L. N.)
Oxford; editor of the Law Reports from 1895; "The Ethic of Freethought,' 'Die Fronica,
Fellow Trin. Coll., Camb. 1868; Corresponding a History of the Mediæval Portraits of Christ,' etc.
member Institute of France, 1894; Professor of (K. P.)
Jurisprudence, University Coll., London, 1882-
83; Professor of Common Law in the Inns of member of the Royal Belgian Academy of
Court, 1884-90 ; inember Royal Labour ComO'DONOGHUE, Freeman M., F.S.A. ;
Science; member of the Belgian Committee of mission, 1891-94 ; author of 'Sword,' Tort'in Assistant Keeper of Prints, British Museum;
Mariculture; Professor in the Normal School, Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Principles of author of 'Catalogue of the Collection of Playing
Ghent; lecturer, Brussels University; author Contract, The Law of Torts,' Digest of the Cards bequeathed to the British Museum by
of Introduction à l'Étude des Mollusques,' Law of Partnership, The Land Laws,''HisLady Charlotte Schneber,' 'A Descriptive and
“Report on the Pteropoda,' The Anatomy of tory of English Law,' 'Spinoza, Life and PhiloClassified Catalogue of the Portraits of Queen
the Deep-Sea Mollusca, etc.
(P. P.) sophy,' 'A First Book of Jurisprudence,_The Elizabeth,' etc. (F. M. O'D.) PEMBREY,
Etchingham Letters,' 1899 (with E. Fuller Marcus Seymour, M.A., Maitland).
(F. Po.) O'NEILL, Æneas; Assistant Correspondent
M.D. ; Lecturer in Physiology, Guy's Hospital of “The Times,' Vienna.
(M. S. P.) POORE, George Vivian, M.D. ; Professor of
Medicine and Clinical Medicine, University ORDE-BROWNE, Capt. c., the late; PENDEREL - BRODHURST, James College, London; medical attendant to late author of 'Armour and its Attack by Artillery, George Joseph; editor of 'Land,' 1881-83,
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, 1870-71 ; and Short Notes on Field Batteries,'' Ammunition
assistant editor of 'St James's Gazette,' 1888- Prince of Wales, 1872; received Dannebrog for for Rifled Orılnance,' etc.
(C. O.-B.) 93, eclitor of 'St James's Budget, 1889-98; professional services to the Princess Thyra, OWEN, Capt. c. R. B., R.A. ; late Pro
author of "The Life and Times of King Edward Duchess of Cumberland, 1872; Physician Uni
VII.,' part author of "The Royal River and fessor of Artillery, Ordnance College; Assist.
versity Coll. Hospital, 1876 ; Secretary-General Abbeys
and Churches of Superintendent, Roy. Carriaye Dept., Woolwich
of Sanitary Congress, 1891, etc.; author of Wales.
(J. G. J. P.-B.)
Essays on Rural Hygiene,' 'A Treatise on
(G. V. P.) OWEN, Edmund, M.B. Lond., F.R.C.S.; PENNELL, Joseph, artist; anthor of ' A CanSenior Surgeon to St Mary's Hospital, London,
terbury Pilgrimage," "An Italian Pilgrimage,'
PORTER, W. Haldane, B.A.; Barrister, and Consulting Surgeon to the Children's HosTwo Pilgrims' Progress,' 'Our Sentimental
Middle Temple; Chancellor's English Essay, pital, Great Ormond Street; Member of the Journey through France and Italy,' 'Pen Draw
(W. H. PO.) Council, and late Member of the Court of Ex
ing and Pen Draughtsmen,' 'Our Journey to aminers of Royal College of Surgeons ; Examiner
the Hebrides,' The Stream of Pleasure, The POST, George B. ; Architect; Member of the
Jew at Home, Play in Provence, Modern Am. Society of Civil Engineers. in Surgery at the Universities of Cambridge
(G. B. P.) and of London; Knight of Grace of the Order
Illustration, The Illustration of Books, The of St John of Jerusalem; Corresponding
Work of Charles Keene,' 'Lithography and
POTTER, Rt. Rev. Henry Codman, D.D.,
Lithographers.' Member of the Imperial Medical Military
LL.D.; Bishop of the Diocese of New York; (J. P*.)
author of The Church and Her Children, Academy of St Petersburg, of the Canadian PERSHING, James H., A.B. ; Lecturer on The Scholar and the State,' etc. (H. C. P.) Medical Association, and of the Association of International Law in the University of Denver, POULTON, Edward Bagnall, M.A., D.Sc.; American Orthopædic Surgeons; Hon. Surgeon and Professor of Medical Jurisprudence in to the Royal Society of Musicians; late Presi- Gross Medical College, Denver.
Hon. LL.D. Princeton, F.R.S.; Hope Professor
(J. H PE.) dent of the Medical Society of London ; author
of Zoology, Oxford ; Fellow of Jesus Coll., of 'A Manual of Anatomy for Senior Students,
PETERSON, Frederick, Ph.D., M.D. ; Presi. Oxford ; Member of Council of Royal Society, “The Surgical Diseases of Children.' (E. 0*.) (lent New York Neurological Society and Presi- 1897-99; Member of Hebdomadal Council of dent of the Board of Managers of Craig Colony
Oxford ; Demonstrator in Anatomical Departfor Epileptics, Chief of Clinic, Department of ment of University Museum, 1877-79; Lecturer
Neurology, Columbia University. (F. P*.) in Natural Science, and tutor of Keble College, P
Oxford, 1880-89: Lecturer in Natural Science, PETRIE, William Matthew Flinders, Jesus College, Oxford, 1880-88; author of The
I).C.L., Litt.D., LL.D., Ph.D.; Edwards ProPAGET, Sir John R., Bart., LL.B., K.C.;
Colours of Animals,' 'Charles Darwin and the fessor of Egyptology, University Coll. London; Gilbart Lecturer on Banking. (J. R. P*)
Theory of Natural Selection,' many memoirs on
surveying British remains, 1875-80; excavating Zoological Subjects in the Proceedings and PAGET, Stephen, F.R.C.S. ; Surgeon to West in Egypt, 1880-1901 ; author of Pyramid, Transactions of the Royal, Linnæan, 200London Hospital ; Surgeon to Throat and Ear * Weights and Measures,' in Ninth Edition of
logical, Entomological, and other learned Department, Middlesex Hospital ; author of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Stonehenge,' 'Pyramids and
(E. B. P.) The Surgery of the Chest, John Hunter,'
Temples of Gizeh,' 'Season in Egypt,' 'Racial *Ambroise Paré and his Times, Esperiments Portraits,' Historical Scarabs, Ten Years' POWELL, F. York, M.A. ; Regius Professor on Animals,' 'Memoirs and Letters of Sir Jilmes Digging,' History of Egypt,' 'Tel el Amarna,' of Modern History, Oxford; Student of Ch. Ch., l'aget.'
Egyptian Tales, Decorative Art,' 'Six Tem- Oxford ; author of Icelandic Language,' etc.,
ples at Thebes,' Religion and Conscience in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' Alfred the PALGRAVE, Robert Harry Inglis, Ancient Egypt,' 'Syria and Egypt,' 'Royal
Great and William the Conqueror,''History of F.R.S. ; editor of Economist,' 1877-83 ; author Tombs of the First Dynasty,' 'Royal Tombs of England to 1509.'
(F. Y. P.) of The Local Taxation of Great Britain and
the Earliest Dynasties,' etc. (W. M. F. P.) POYNTING, John Henry, D.Sc., F.R.S.; Ireland, Notes on Banking in Great Britain and Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, and IIamburg, PFEIL, Count Joachim Von, one of the
late Fellow of Trin. Coll., Camb.; Professor of 'An Analysis of the Transactions of the Bank founders of German East Africa; sometime resi- Physics and Dean of the Faculty of Science, of England for the years 1914-72,' 'Bank Rate dent in Bismarck Archipelago; author of 'The
Birmingham University; author of the Adams in England, France, and Germany, 1844- Founding of the Boer States, Studies and Ob- Prize Essay (1891) on the Mean Density of 1878'; editor of Dictionary of Political servations in the South Seas,' etc. (J. von P.)
the Earth, A Text-Book of Physics' (with Economy.' (R. H. I. P.) PHELAN, Hon. James Duval ; Mayor of
Professor J. J. Thomson), and various physical papers.
(J. E. P.) PAPILLON, Rev. Thomas Leslie, M.A.; San Francisco, 1896-1901.
(J. D. P.) late Fellow of Merton Coll. and of New Coll., PHILLIMORE, George Grenville, M.A.,
PRINCE, Hon, L. Bradford, LL.D.; PresiOxford ; author of 'A Manual of Comparative
dent of the Bureau of Immigration of the terriB.C.L.; Barrister-at-Law of the Middle Philology'; editor Dean Bradley's 'Aids to
tory of New Mexico, Santa Fe, New Mexico; Writing Latin Prose,' etc.
(T. L. P.)
(G. G. P*.) ex-Governor of the State of New Mexico;
PHILLIMORE, PARKIN, George Robert, LL.D., C.M.G. ;
President of the New Mex. Hist. Soc. ; author Principal of Upper Canada College, Toronto, Frank, Bt., 1).C.L., LL.D. ; Judge of the
of 'New Mexico' in Ninth Edition of Ency.
Brit.' Canada; author
(L. B. PR.) of 'Imperial Federation,
King's Bench Div. ; anthor of 'Book of Church Round the Empire,' "The Great Dominion,
Law,' 2nd ed. of Phillimore's Ecclesiastical PROCTER, Hon. John Robert, President 'Life and Letters of Edward Thring. (G. R. P.)
Law, 3rd ed. of vol. iv. of Phillimore's Inter- U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, national Law,'
(W. F. P.) D.C. ; Geologist State of Kentucky, 1880-1893; PARSONS, William Barclay : Chief Engineer of the Underground Railway, New York PHILLIPS, R. W., M.A., D.Sc., F.L.S. ; Pro
author of Kentucky'in Ninth Edition of
'Ency. Brit. City.
(J. R. P.) fessor of Botany in the University Coll. of North (W. B. P.)
Wales; author of 'Memoirs on the Physi- PROUT, Major Henry Gosler, editor of PASCO, Hon. Samuel; Member of the Nicara- ology of Plants,' Morphology of the Alga, The Railroad Gazette, New York'; sometime guia Canal Commission, United States Senator etc.
(R. W. P.) Governor of the Provinces of the Equator, from the State of Florida, 1887-99. (S. PA.) PHILLPOTTS, Col. A. H. C., R.A.
Africa, and Colonel of Engineers, Army of the
(À. G. P.) PATON, Diarmid Noel, M.D., B.Sc.,
(A. H. C. P.) F.R.C.P. Ed.; Superintendent of Research Laboratory of Royal College of Physicians,
PINCHOT, Gifford, B.A. ; Forester of the PROWSE, Daniel Wodley, K.C., LL.D., Edinburgh, 1889; Lecturer U.S. Department of Agriculture, Special Lec
D.C.L. ; retired Judge Central District Court of on Physiology, turer in the Forest School, Yale Univ. ; author
Newfoundland; appointed Judge Central DisSchool of Medicine of Royal Colleges, Edin
of The White Pine.
(G. P.) burgh, 1886; Biological Fellow of Edinburgh
trict Court, 1869; Commissioner for the Con
solidation of Colonial laws ; Chairman Board University, 1884; Meinber of the Royal Com- PITMAN, Charles Murray; stroke of the of Health, 1893-96 ; author of History of mission on Salmon Fisheries ; author of many Oxford Eight, 1893-95. Author of articles on Newfoundland,' 'Manual for Magistrates in papers on Physiological subjects. (D. N. P.) Rowing:
(C. M. P.) Newfoundland,' numerous pamphlets and newsPAUL, Alfred Wallis, C.I.E., B.A.; late PITT, Walter, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Member of
(W. P*.) John's Coll., Oxford ; author of History of
(D. W. P.) tion, 1887; author of upwards of sixty papers the Society of Mezzotint Engravers ; late MezzoNew College.'
Early Christianity,' 'Lectures on Religion,' Britischen Reiches,' Vasco da Gama's First RICHARDSON, Charles Francis, A.M., etc.
(L. P.) Voyage,' 'Map, Equatorial Africa,' 'Systematic Ph.D. ; Professor of English, Dartmouth
Atlas.' PURSER, F., M.A., M.R.I.A.; Fellow of
(E. G. R.) College, N.H.; author of History of AmeriTrinity Coll., Dublin, and Professor of Natural RAYLEIGH, Lord, 3rd Baron, D.C.L.
can Literature,' 'The Choice of Books,' etc.,
etc. Philosophy, University of Dublin. (F. Pu.) (Hon. Oxon.), LL.D., D.Sc. (Camb. and Dublin),
(C. F. R.) PURSER, J., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., M.R.I.A. ;
F.R.S.; Professor of Natural Philosophy, RICHARDSON, Professor Rufus B.; emeritus Professor of Mathematics, Queen's Royal Institution; Scientific Adviser to Trinity director of American School of Classical Studies,
(R. B. R.) Physics, Cambridge, 1879-84; Secretary of PUTNAM, George Haven, A.M., Litt.D.;
RICHMOND, Sir William Blake, R.A.,
Royal Society, 1887-96; author of Optics,' Head of the publishing House of G. P. Putnam's Wave Theory,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.
M.A., K.C.B.; Slade Professor at Oxford, 1878Sons, N.Y.; led in reorganizing, 1887, the Brit.,' Theory of Sound,' numerous scientitic
83; President of Society of Miniature Painters,
1899. Ainerican Copyright League, and was its secre
(W. B. RI.) tary during the movement for International Copyright which resulted in the Copyright Bill REDWOOD, Boverton, F.R.S.Ed.,
RICKETTS, Charles, English printer, artist,
and wood-engraver; one of the founders of the of 1891; Received Cross of the Legion of Honour A.M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.; Fellow of Inst. of
Vale Press; decorated 'Early Poems of John from France, 1891; author of Question of Chein.; V.P. and Mem. of Council and Pub
Milton,' 'The Poems of Keats,' etc. (C. Ri.) Copyright, Books and their Makers in the lication Com., Soc. Chem. Ind. ; Fellow of Middle Ages,' etc.
(G. H. P*.)
Chein. Geol, and R. Geog. Soc. ; D.Sc. Ohio RILEY, John Athelstan Laurie, M.A.;
travelled in Persia, 1881 ; Turkey in Europe, PUTNAM, Hon. Herbert, Librarian of
and Am. Philosophical Soc. (honorary); Hon. 1883; Persia and Kurdistan, 1884, 1886, 1888; Congress, Washington, D.C.
(H. P.) Corres. Mem. Imperial Russian Technical Soc. ; member of the House of Laymen of the PYLE, Joseph Gilpin; editor of the Post
Chevalier of the Order of Leopold; Consulting Province of Canterbury; member London School Intelligencer,' Seattle, Washington; author of Chemist, with special experience in the tech- Board, 1891-97; author of 'Athos, or the Mountain Minnesota in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.
nology of petroleum ; Adviser on Petroleum to of the Monks,' various pamphlets and articles, Brit.'
(J. G. P.)
the Home Office; Consulting Adviser to the subjects connected with education, Eastern
RIPON, Bishop of, Rt. Rev. William
Boyd Carpenter, Hon. D.D. Glasgow, Hon. ventions and Health Exhibitions, president of
D.C.L. Oxon.; Knight of the Order of the QUILLER - COUCH, Arthur Thomas,
Royal Crown, Prussia ;
Cambridge, 1878; Bampton Lecturer, Oxford, materials at Brussels Exhibition, 1897, and
1887; Pastoral Lecturer on Theology, Cambridge, 1886-87; author of 'Dead Man's Rock,'. 'Troy member of Jury, Paris Exhibition, 1900; author
1895; Canon of Windsor, 1882-1884; Hon. Town,' The Splendid Spur, Noughts and of Cantor Lectures on Petroleum and its ProCrosses,' 'The Delectable Duchy,' 'Adventures ducts,' 'Petroleum: its Production and Use,'
Chaplain to the Queen, 1879-83; Chaplain-inin Criticism,' 'The Oxford Book of English ' Report (with Sir Frederick Abel) on Accidents
Ordinary, 1883 - 84 ; author of 'Commentary on Verse,'
Christ' (The Lairil's Luck,' finished R.
Revelation,' Witness of Heart to with Mineral Oil Lamps,' 'Report (with Sir (Huslean Lectures), Permanent Elements of L. Stevenson's uncompleted novel 'St Ives, Frederick Abel) on the Transport of Petroleum etc. (A. T. Q.-C.) through the Suez Canal,' 'The Transport of
Religion' (Bampton Lectures), Lectures
Preaching, Christian Reunion,' 'The Great Petroleum in Bulk,' articles on the Petroleum
Charter of Christ,' 'A Popular History of the Industry, and Lamps in Chemical Technology,
Church of England.'
(W. B. R.) R
‘A Treatise on Petroleum,' 'The Detection
Vapours in the Air' (with Professor Clowes),
'Handbook on Petroleum' (with Capt. J. H.
ROBERTS, W.; author of 'Christies',' The et du Bureau des Longitudes, Paris; writer on
Book-hunter in London,' etc. (W. R*.) Astronomy, etc., part author of 'Géologie d'Ethiopie,' etc.
(R. RA.) REEVES, Hon. William Pember, Agent. ROBERTS-AUSTEN, Sir William RAIKES, His Honour Judge Francis
General for New Zealand ; Member of Senate
Chandler, K.C.B., D.C.L. (Durham), F.R.S.; William, LL.D., K.C.; Judge of County of University of London ; edited the Canter
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur; chemist and Court (Hull); three years in Merchant Service, bury Times,' and the 'Lyttelton Times'; Mem
assayer to Royal Mint since 1870; Professor then passed into Royal Navy first; called to ber of N.Z. Parliament, 1887-96 ; Minister of
of Metallurgy, Royal School of Mines since the Bar, 1873; author of The New Practice' Education, Labour, and Justice, 1891-96; re
1880; President of Iron and Steel Institute ; (with Mr Justice Kennedy); 'Jurisdiction and
signed position to become Agent - General for author of 'Gold,' etc., in Ninth Edition of Practice of County Courts in Admiralty' (with
colony; author of "The Long White Cloud, a Ency. Brit.,'. 'An Introduction to the Study History of New Zealand,''An Introduction to
of Metallurgy.' Mr Kilburn), ‘Both to Blame,' paper read at
(W. C. R.-A.) Brussels International Law Conference, 1895 ;
the History of Communism and Socialism,' also ROBERTSON, Sir George Scott, K.C.S.I.,
volume of New Zealand verse. and various papers on Maritime Law,' trans
(W. P. R.) D.C.L.; entered Indian Medical Service, 1878; lations and editions of the ‘Maritime Codes of REICH, Emil, Dr. Juris, F.R. Hist.S. ;
British Agent in Gilgit; conducted a political Europe,' etc. (F. W. RA.) author of History of Hungarian Literature,
mission to Chitral, 1893; besieged in Chitral, * History
of RAMBAUT, Arthur Alcock, M.A. (Dub.
Civilization, Graeco - Roman
during March and April 1895; installed the and Oxon.); D.Sc., F.R.S., F.R.A.S. ; Radcliffe Institutions, Historical Atlas of English
present ruler of Chitral, September 1895; History,' Historical Atlas of Modern His
author of 'The Kafirs of the Hindu Kush,' Observer, Oxford; Assistant Astronomer Trinity College, Dublin, at Dunsink, 1882-92; Andrews tory,' etc.
'Chitral: The Story of a Minor Siege.' (G. S. R.) Professor of Astronomy in the University of REID, Clement, F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S. ; geo
ROBERTSON, James W.; Commissioner Dublin and Royal Astronomer of Ireland,
of Agriculture and logist on survey of England and Wales;
Dairying, Ottawa, 1892-97; author of various memoirs and papers
(J. W. R.) formerly secretary and recorder to the Geoon Astronomical subjects.
(A. A. R*.)
Lecturer on RAMSAY, William Mitchell, D.C.L., LL.D.
of 'Pliocene Deposits of Britain,' 'Origin of the English Language, University of Stras. St And. and Glasgow, Litt.D. Caínb. ; Professor the British Flora,' many contributions to burg.
(J. G. R.) of Humanity, Aberdeen Univ. ; Fellow of geological journals.
ROBINSON, A. Mary F.(Mme. Duclaux; Exeter Coll. ; Oxford, 1882; Lincoln Coll., Oxford, 1885; Professor of Classical Art in REID, Sir George, LL.D., ; President Royal
formerly Mme. Darmesteter), author Oxford University, 1885; Levering Lecturer Scottish Academy; author of Lithography,
of ‘Emily Brontë,' 'The End of the Middle
Pa ting, Turner in Ninth Edition of in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1894 ;
Ages,' Margaret of Angoulême, Queen of Foreign Member of Austrian Imperial and Royal
Navarre,' 'Retrospect, and other Poems,' 'Life
of Renan,' 'Collected Poems,' 'Marguerites du Archæological Institute, 1900; author of
REID, Hon. Whitelaw, A.M., LL.D. ; editor Temps Passé,' 'Froissart,' 'Grands Ecrivains 'Hermes,' 'Illyria,' 'Jupiter,' Mysteries, of the New York Tribune; Ex-U.S. Minister to d'outre Manche,' etc.
(A. M. F. D.) 'Oracle,'' Phrygia,' Scio, Sicyon,' 'Smyrna,' France ;'author of 'Greeley,' 'Newspapers,' in in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'The His- Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.' (W. R.)
ROBINSON, Rev. Charles Henry, M.A.; torical Geography of Asia Minor,'The Church
Hon. Canon of Ripon; Lecturer in Hausa in in the Roman Empire,' "The Cities and Bishop: RENTON, A. Wood, LL.B.; Puisne Judge, the University of Cambridge, 1896; travelled in rics of Phrygia,' St Paul the Traveller and Mauritius; author of Thurlow' in Ninth Armenia in order to report to Archbishop of the Roman Citizen,' 'Was Christ born as Beth- Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'
(A. W. R.) Canterbury on the condition of Armenian lehem ?' 'Historical Commentary on Gala
Church, 1892; conducted pioneer expedition to tians.'
(W. M. RA.) RENWICK, I. P. A., M.A., LL.B.; Kano, 1893-05; author of 'Hausaland, or
assistant editor of the Statesman's Year Fifteen Hundred Miles through the Central RASHDALL, Rev. Hastings, M.A., Book.'
(I. P. A. R.) Soudan,' 'Specimens of Hausa Literature,' D.C.L. ; Fellow and Tutor of New College REYNOLDS, Osborne, M.A., LL.D. Glas;
Grammar of the Hausa Language,' Dictionary Oxford ; Lecturer in St David's College, Lam
of the Hausa Language,'. Studies in the peter, 1883 ; Tutor in the Univ. of Durham, gow, F.R.S., M.I.C.E., Hon. Fellow Queens'
Character of Christ,' 1884-88; Fellow and Lecturer of Hertford Coll., Coll., Cambridge; Professor of Engineering,
Nigeria, Our Latest Protectorate,'
,' 'Human Nature a Revelation of Oxford, 1888 - 95; Chaplain and Theological Owens College, Victoria University, Man
(C. H. R.) Tutor of Balliol Coll., 1894-95 ; author of The
chester; Fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge, Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages,'
1877; President, Section G, British Associa- ROBINSON, Gerald Philip; President of Doctrine and Developinent' (with R. S. Rait),
on original researches in 'Mechanics and tint Engraver to Queen Victoria, and appointed Physics,' in the Philosophical Transactions and
same to the King, 1901.
(G. P. R.) RÁTH, Dr Zoltáu; Professor at the Royal Proceedings of the Royal Society, etc. (O. R.) Academy of Law, Kassa, Hungary ; late of
ROBINSON, Rev. Joseph Armitage, the Royal Hungarian Statistical Bureau ; RHODES, Hon. Bradford; editor of "The D.D., Ph.D.'; Canon of Westminster; Norrisian author of ‘Evitzedünk egyenesadó-reform- Banker's Magazine,' New York. (B. R*.) Professor of Divinity, Cambridge University, jairól.' (Z. R.)
1893-99; author of A Collation of the Athos RHODES, James Ford, LL.D.; anthor of Codex of the Shepherd of Hermas,' 'Appendix RAVENSTEIN, Ernest George; War History of the United States from the ComOffice, Topographical (now Intelligence) De
to The Apology of Aristides,' The Passion of promise to 1850.
(J. F. R.) partment, 1855-75; Council Royal Statistical
St Perpetua,' The Philocalia of Origen,
'Euthaliana,'' Unity in Christ.' RICHARDS, Robert Hallowell, Sc. B.;
(J. A R.) Society, 1877-92; President, Section E, Brit. Assoc., 1891 ; Professor of Geography, Bedford Professor of Mining, Engineering, and_Metal- | ROCKHILL, Hon. William Woodville; Coll., 1882-83; author of The Russians on lurgy, Massachusetts Institute of Techno- Head of the Bureau of American Republics; the Amur,' 'Geographie und Statistik des logy
(R. H. R.) sometime First Assistant Secretary of State; (J. Su*.) s
U.S. Commissioner to China, etc.; author of Atlantic Squadron, battle of Santiago; late | SCOTT, Hon, Sir John, M.A., D.C.L., Land of the Llamas.'
(W. W. R.) Commandant U.S. Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.; K.C.M.G.; Deputy Judge- Advocate-General
Member of International Priine Meridian and ROCKWELL, General Alfred P., author
to His Majesty's Forces ; Judge, aftervards Time Conference; U.S. Delegate to Interof Fire,' Fire Extinction,' in Ninth Edition
Vice-President, International Court of Appeal (A. P. R.)
national Maritime Conference; Chief of U.S. of 'Ency. Brit.'
in Egypt, 1874-82; Judge of High Court,
Bureau of Ordnance, 1893-97. (W. T. S.) Boin bay, 1882-90 ; Judicial Adviser to the ROGERS, Henry Wade, LL.D. ; Lecturer at SAUNDERS, George, B.A.; Berlin Corre.
Khedive of Egypt, 1890-98; Vice-Presilent Yale University; sometime President of North spondent of The Times'; late Berlin Corre
International Law Association ; Grand Coidon Western University, Evanston, Ills. ; Chairman of the World's Congress on Jurisprudence and spondent of the 'Morning Post,' etc. (G. Su.)
of the Medjidieh; Grand Cordon of the Ošmanieh.
(JNO, S.) Law Reform, World's Columbian Exposition; SAYCE, Rev... Archibald Henry, MA SCOTT, Leslie Frederic; Barrister-at-Law, author of 'Expert Testimony, etc. (H. W. R.) LL.D., D.D.; Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford;
(L. F.S.) ROLLS, Hon. C, S.; pioneer in motor-car travelling.
(C. S. R.)
O.T. Revision Company, 1874-84; Deputy Pro- SCOTT, W. W.; foreign sub-editor of the fessor of Comparative Philology, Oxford, 1876- Times.
(W. W. 8*.) ROSCOE, Sir Henry Enfield, Ph.D., 90 ; Hibbert Lect., 1887; Gifford Lect., 1900-1; LL.D., 'D.C.L., M.D., F.R.S. ; Vice-Chancellor, author of Babylonia,''Cyrus,' 'Darius,''Gram
SCOTT-MONCRIEFF, Sir Colin CampUniversity of London; Emeritus Professor, intr,' 'Huinboldt, Inscriptions' (Cuneiform
bell, K.C.M.G., C.S.L., LL.D.; Under-ScOwens College, Victoria University ; Meinber and Semitic), 'Lydia,' in Ninth Edition of
retary for Scotland ; Irrigation Depart. N.W. of Royal Commissions on Noxious Vapours, 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Assyrian Grammar for Com
Provinces ; Chief Engineer, Burmah; UnderTechnical Instruction, Scottish Universities, parative Purposes,' Translations in Records
Secretary of State Public Works, Memsly, Secondary Education, and Exhibition of 1851; of the Past,' Ist series; 'Lectures on the
Cairo, 1883-92; author of Irrigation in Southern President of the British Association (Man- Assyrian Language and Syllabary,' 'Baby
(C. S. N) chester, 1887); President Society of Chemical lonian Literature,' Introduction to the Science SCRUTTON, T. E., M.A., K.C.; Barriste, Industry, 1881 ; President Chemical Society, of Language,' 'The Monuments of the Hittites,' Inner Temple; author of 'Law of Copyright' 1852; anthor of 'Lessons in Elementary Fresh Light from the Monuments, " The etc.
(T.E.S) Chemistry, Treatise on Chemistry,' Primer Ancient Empires of the East,' Hibbert of Chemistry,' 'John Dalton, New View of Lectures on Babylonian Religion,'
* The SCUDDER, Horace Elisha, Litt.D., the the Genesis of the Atomic Theory of Chemistry' Hittites,' The Races of the Old Testament,'
late; editor of 'The Atlantic Monthly,' 1890-98; (with Dr Harden). (H. E. R.) 'The Ligher Criticism and the Verdict of the
author of History of the United States,' Book ROSE WATER, Victor, A.M., Ph.D. ;
Monuments,' 'The Exypt of the Hebrews
of Fables,' The Life of James Russell Lowell and Herodotus,' managing editor of the Omaha Bee, Omaha,
etc. History of the
(H. E. S*) Hebrews.' Nebraska; Member Omaha Public Library Bil.,
(A. H. S.) SECCOMBE, Thomas, M.A.; assistant edito, Am. Economic Assn., Am. Library Assn., Nel). SCHIDROWITZ, Philip, Ph.D. Berne;
'Dictionary of National Biography'; author & Historical Society ; author of 'Special Assess- F.C.S. (Great Britain and Germany); Member
"The Aye of Johnson,' etc, etc. (T. SE) ments: a Study in Municipal Finance.' (V. R.) of Societies of Chemical Industry and of Public SEDGWICK, Adam, M.A., F.R.S.; Fellow ROSS, H. M., B.A.; formerly exhibitioner of
Analysts; author (joint) of various papers on and Tutor of Trin. Coll. Cambridge, Reader of . Lincoln Coll., Oxford ; writer on engineering
Acids, Wine, Analyses, etc.
(P. S.) Animal Morphology in the University. (A. SE) and scientific subjects; associato editor of SCHILLER, F. C. S., M.A. ; Fellow and SETON-KARR, Henry, M.A., M.P.; the volumes of the 'Encycloparlia Tutor of C.C.C. Oxford.
(F. C. S. S.) travelled and shot big game in Western America, Britannica.'
(H. M. R.)
British Columbia, and Norway; writer on sport ROSSETTI, William Michael; Professional C.1.0. ; general in the Persian army; has
and allied subjects.
(H. S.-K.) Assistant to Board of Inland Rev. for Estate resided, as Persian official, and travelled for SEWARD, Albert Charles, M.A., F.R.S. duty on Pictures and Drawings; author of many years in Persia; author of 'Eastern F.L.S., F.R.G.S.; University Lecturer ir. Canova,'' Correggio,' Fiesole,' 'Ghirlandajo, Persian Irak,' etc.
(A. H.-S.) Botany, Cambridge ; Late Fellow of St John's Lippi,' Murillo,' 'Perugino,' 'Reni,' 'Rosa, Shelley, Titian,' Veronese,' etc., in Nintíı SCHLICH, William, Ph.D., C.I.E., F.R.S.;
College; Fellow and Tutor in Natural Science Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'; Fine Art, chiefly Professor of Forestry, Cooper's Hill Coll.;
at Emmanuel College, Cambridge; author of appointed to the Indian Forest Department,
Fossil Plants as Tests of Climate,' The Wealcontemporary,' 'Lives of Famous Poets,' 'Life 1866; Conservator of Forests, 1871; Inspector
den Flora,'' Fossil Plants for Students of Botany of Kcats,' 'Dante G. Rossetti as Designer and Writer,' Memoir of Dante G. Rossetti'; editor General of Forests to the Governinent of India,
and Geology,' The Jurassic Flora,' also various
Botanical 1881 ; organized the first School of Forestry in of 'The Germ,' 1830, of Shelley's Poems,' of
papers contributed to scientific
journals. England at Cooper's Hill, 1885; author of "A
(A. C. SE.) Wm. Blake's Poems,' of 'Poems by Dante and
Manual of Forestry.' Christina Rossetti,' of 'Ruskin,' 'Rossetti,'
(W. Sca.) SHADWELL, A., M.D. ; author of Taller* Præraphaelitism,' of 'Præeraphaelite Diaries SCHLOSS, David, M.A. ; author of works on
man Treatment by Superheated Dry Air, The and Letters,' etc. (W. M. R.) labour questions.
(A. SL) ROWLAND, Henry Augustus, Ph.D., SCHOULER, James, LL.D.; Professor School SHADWELL, L. L., M.A. ; Barrister-at-Law, LL.D., F.R.S., the late; Professor of Physics, of Law, Boston University, and Lecturer at !
Lincoln's Inn; revising barrister, Middlesex, Johns Hopkins University; recipient of Ruum- Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; author
(L. L. S.) ford, Draper, and Matteucci medals for scientific of Iristory of the United States under the
SHARP, David, M.A., M.B., C.M., F.R.S.; discoveries; Hon. Member Inst. of France, etc.; Constitution' and numerous works on Juris- Past President of Entomological Society of author of Screw’in Ninth Edition of Ency. prudence.
(J. Sci.) London; author of "Aquatic Čarnivorous ColeBrit.'
(H. A. R.)
(D. S*.) RUFFINI, Arthur; Royal Naval Academy, des Sciences; editor of 'L'Année Cartogra- SHARP, Robert Farquharson, B.A.; Leghorn.
(A. R*.) phique,'' Le Tour du Monde'; author of ' Aperçı Assistant Librarian, British Museuni; edited RUGE, Dr Sophus; Professor of Geography,
de la Structure Géologique des Pyrénées, 'Lytton's Plays, author of 'Dictionary of
etc. University of Dresden; author of Map' in
(F. Sci.) English Authors,' Wagner's drama, 'Der Ring Ninth Ellition of 'Ency. Brit.,' Geschichte des SCHURMAN, Jacob Gould, D.Sc., LL.D.;
des Nibelungen,'' Translation of Victor Hugo's Zeitalters der Entdeckungen,' 'Abhandlungen President and sometime Professor of Philo
“Hernani," *Makers of Music,''Architects of und Vorträge zur Geschichte der Erdkunde,' sophy, Cornell University; Chairinan of the
(R. F. S.) ‘Christopher Columbus,' etc.
(S. R.) U.S. Philippine Commission, 1899; author of SHAW, Albert, Ph.D.; editor of the American RUSSELL, Hon. Bertrand Arthur
‘Kantian Ethics,' 'Ethics of Evolution,' 'Ag- Monthly Review of Reviews'; author of 'Local William, M.A. ; Fellow of Trinity College,
nosticism and Religion,' etc. (J. G. S*.) Government in Illinois,' 'Municipal GovernCambridge; author of 'German Social Democ- SCHURZ, Hon. Carl, LL.D.; Secretary of
ient in Great Britain,' 'Municipal Government racy,' 'Essay on the Foundations of Geometry,' the Interior under President Hayes ; author of
in Continental Europe,' etc.
(A. Sw.) Philosophy of Leibnitz.' (B. A. W. R.) Life of Henry Clay,' "Abraham Lincoln,' SHAW, Flora L. (Miss); special corresponRUSSELL, George William Erskine,
(C. S.) dent for The Times' to South Africa and LL.D.; Parliamentary Secretary to the Local
SCOTT, Austin, Ph.D., LL.D.; President Australia, Canada and Klondike; anthor of Government Board, 1883-85; Under-Secretary Rutgers College and Rutgers Scientific School,
articles on British colonial questions. (F.L. S.) of State for India, 1892-94 ; for the Homo New Jersey.
(A. Sc.) SHAW, Herbert, B.A. ; Secretary of the Department, 1894-95; author of ' A Monograph SCOTT, Dukinfield Henry, M.A., Ph.D.,
Tyneside Geographical Society. (E SH.) on the Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone,' ' Letters of Matthew Arnold,' Collections and Recollec
F.R.$. ; Honorary Keeper Jodrell Laboratory, SHAW, Hon. Leslie Mortier, LL.D.; tions, 1898.'
(G. W. E. R.)
SHAYLOR, J.; manager to Simpkin, Marshall,
operated with the late Professor W. C. William
son in his ‘Researches on Fossil Plants'; one of SHEARMAN, Montague; past President SACHS, Edwin O., A.M.I.C.E. ; Chairman of the editors of the 'Annal Botany'; author O.U.A.C.: joint-author of 'Football: Its British Fire Prevention Committee; Fellow of
of An Introduction to Structural Botany,' History for Five Centuries, 'author of 'Athletics the Royal Statistical Society ; Associate of the 'Studies in Fossil Botany'; author and joint- and Football.'
(M. S.) Institution of Naval Architects, etc. ; in 1898 author of many botanical papers, (D. H. S.) he applied electrical power to the working of SCOTT, Harold Spencer; Barrister-at-Law,
SHEARMAN, Thomas Gaskell, the late;
joint-author of 'Shearinan and Redtield on the stage at Drury Lane; in 1999 he was
Lincoln's Iun. appointed technical adviser to the Royal
(H. S. S.) Negligence'; author of Natural Taxation, Opera, Covent Garden ; founded in 1897 the SCOTT, Sir James George, G.C.I.E. ; War
Crooked Taxation,' 'Distribution of Wealth, "The Single Tax,' etc.
(T. G. S.) British Fire Prevention Comunittee, and in Correspondent in Perak, 1875-76 ; Burma, 1879; 1899 the first independent fire-testing station Hong Kong, 1883-85 ; joined Burma Commission SHERRINGTON, Charles S., M.A. established in Europe ; author of Modern in 1886; member of Anglo-Siainese Boundary M.D., F.R.S. ; Professor of Physiology, Univ. Opera Houses and Theatres,' 'Stage Con- Commission, 1889-90 ; Superintendent Northern Coll. Liverpool; Member of Council of Royal struction,' (Fires and Public Entertain - Shan States, 1891 ; Chargé d'Afaires in Bang- Society; Late Brown Professor of Pathology, ments.'
(E. O. S.) kok, 1893-94 ; British Commissioner, Mekong University of London; Lecturer on PhysiST. JOHN, Molyneux ; Ottawa, Canada.
Commission, 1894-96; British Commissioner ology, St Thomas's Hospital, London ; Croonian (M. ST. J.)
Burma-China Boundary Commission, 1898-1900; Lecturer, Royal Society; Member of the Coin author of The Burman, His Life and Notions,'
mission on Asiatic Cholera, 1886; AngloSAMPSON, Rear - Admiral William France and Tongking' 'Burma,' "The Upper
American Secretary, International Congresses Thomas, LL.D.; in command of U.S. North Burma Gazetteer.
(J. G. Sc.) of Physiology, Liège 1892, Berne 1895, Cam
bridge 1898, Turin 1901 ; author of numerous SNOW, Marshall Solomon, A.M.; Pro- STERLING, Maj.-Gen. John B.; Egypt, scientific papers to the Royal and other fessor of History and Dean of the College, 1882; Sudan and Cyprus, 1885. (J. B. S.) scientific societies, especially on the brain and Washington University, St Louis, Missouri; nervous system. (C. S. S.) author of Missouri 'in Ninth Edition of STEWART, John Alexander, M.A., LL.D.;
Tutor of Christ Church ; White's Professor of SHERWELL, Arthur; author of works on
'Ency. Brit.,' 'The City Government of St
Moral Philosophy, Oxford ; author of The Temperance questious.
(M. S. S.) (A. SH.)
English MSS. of the Nicomachean Ethics,' SHIPLEY, Arthur Everett, M.A., F.Z.S.; SÖDERBERG, Dr E.; of the Central Statis
Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics.' (J. A. St.) tical Bureau, Sweden'; author of 'Samuel Fellow, Tútor, and Lecturer at Christ's College,
Johan Hedborn,' etc. Cambridge ; Lecturer on Advanced Morphology
STOCK, Eugene; Editorial Secretary of the (E. So.) Church Missionary Society.
(E. ST.) of the Invertebrata in the University ; Demon- SOULE, R. H., B.A., M.E.; sometime General strator of Comparative Anatomy in the Uni- Manager of the Erie R. R.
STOCKMAN, Ralph, M.D., F.R.C.P.Ed., (R. H. So.)
F.R.S.Ed.; Professor of Materia Medica and versity, 1885-94; Fellow of Christ's College, 1587; Member of the Council of the Senate,
PIELMANN, Marion H.; editor of the Therapeutics, University of Glasgow; assistant
Magazine of Art' since 1887'; art critic to in the University of Edinburgh for six years, 1896; author of 'Zoology of the Invertebrata'; author of 'Vine Disease,' 'Wasps,' 'Wheat
‘Daily Graphic' until, in 1891, art editor and and afterwards Lecturer on Materia Medica in
part-founder of Black and White'; author of the School of Medicine. Pests,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.';
(R. S*.) joint-editor and part-author of the Cambridge
* Works of G. F. Watts, R.A.,' Henriette
STRANGE, Edward Fairbrother; AssistNatural History'; editor of the 'Pitt Press his Works,' 'The Unidentified Contributions of
ant Keeper, National Art Library ; Assistant, Natural Science Manuals,' Biological Series ;
Thackeray to “Punch,"
South Kensington Museum, 1889; National Art part-author of 'A Text - Book on Zoology, on the Wallace Collection in Hertford House,'
Library, 1891; author of Alphabets : a Handetc.
(A. E. S.)
book of Lettering,' 'Japanese Illustration, SHORTER, Clement King; editor of Sculpture and Sculptors of To-day.' (M. H. S.)
Worcester, the Cathedral and City,' and
numerous essays on art subjects. (E. F. S.) The Sphere'; late editor of the Illustrated London News,' the "Sketch,' and the English
SPIERS, R. Phené, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. ;
STREATFIELD, R. A., B.A. ; author of Illustrated Magazine'; author of 'Charlotte
Masters of Italian Music, T'he Opera, Brontë and Her Circle,' 'Sixty Years of Vicveyor of Royal Academy; Associate and Hon.
etc. Fellow of King's Coll. London ; Past President
(R. A. S.) (C. K. S.) torian Literature,' etc. etc.
of Architectural Association; Member of STURT, H.; Queen's College, Oxford. (H. ST.) SIBREE, Rev. James; for over twenty Council Royal Institute of British Architects;
years á missionary in Madagascar; author of Hon. and Corres. Member of the Société SUPLEE, Henry Harrison, B.Sc. ; Member Madagascar' in the Ninth Edition of the Centrale des Architectes, Paris; Sociedaci de
of the American Society of Mechanical EnEncy. Brit.,' 'Madagascar and its People,' los Arquitectos, Madrid ; edited 'Pugiri's Nor
gineers; Member of the Franklin Institute; "The Great African Island,'Madagascar before mandy,' Fergusson's History of Architecturo';
Membre du Société des Ingénieurs Civils de the Conquest,' etc. (J. SI*.) author of 'Architectural Drawing,' 'Architec
France; Mitglied des Vereines Deutscher InSIMPSON, Alexander Russell, M.D. ;
tural Essays on Pierrefonds,''Domed Churches in
genieure; associate-editor of 'Engineering MagaPerigord," Mosqueat Damascus,' etc. (R. P. S.)
zine,' New York and London; author of the Professor of Midwifery and the Diseases of
English translation of Reuleaux's 'KonstrukWomen and Children, University of Edin- SPRING-RICE, Stephen Edward, C.B.; tenr,' and other works.
(H. H. S*.) burgh; editor of Sir James Y. Simpson's Principal Clerk 1. M. Treasury; Auditor of the Lectures on Diseases of Women'; author of Civil List; private secretary to successive
SWINBURNE, Algernon Charles; author Contributions to Obstetrics and Gynecology,' Financial Secretaries to the Treasury, 1881
of Beaumontand Fletcher,''Congreve, Keats,' and of an 'Atlas of the Frozen Section of a 1888, and to Chancellor of the Exchequer,
'Landor,' Marlowe,' 'Mary' (of Scotland), Cada ver in the Genu - pectoral Position 1880.
Tourneur,' 'John Webster,' in Ninth Edition
(S. E. S.-R.) (along with Dr Berry Hart), and
of 'Ency. Brit., The Queen - Mother, and many
SQUIRE, William Barclay, B.A., F.S.A.,
(A. R. S.) Memoirs.
Rosamond,' 'Atalanta in Calydon,''Chastelard,'
F.R.G.S. ; Assist. Brit. Museum ; Hon. Sec. * Poems and Ballads,' William Blake,' 'Songs SIMPSON, Rev. James Gilliland, M.A.; Purcell Soc.; Joint Hon. Sec. Eng. Com. Inter- before Sunrise,' ‘Bothwell,' 'Songs of Two
Principal of Leeds Clergy School; lately Rector national Music Society; late musical critic of Nations,' 'George Chapman,' Poems and of St Paul's, Dundee.
(J. G. Si.) Westininster Gazette, Saturday Review,' and Ballads' (2nd series), 'A Study of Shakespeare, SIMPSON, Lieut. - Col. W.A. ; Assistant
'Globe' (London); author of various articles Mary Stuart, Tristram of Lyonesse, and
on music; and editor of 'Byrd's Masses,' The Adjutant-General U.S. War Department; In
other Poeins,',Miscellanies,' 'A Study of Fitzwilliam Virginal Book,' etc. (W. B. S*.) structor U.S. Military Academy, West Point,
Victor Hugo,' 'Locrine,' Poems and Ballads 1883-87. (W. A. S.) ! STANTON, Rev. Vincent Henry, D.D.,
(3rd series), “Study of Ben Jonson,' “Studies M.A.; Ely Professor of Divinity, Cambridge,
in Prose and Poetry,''Rosamund, Queen of the SINCLAIR, F. G., M.A., F.L.S. ; author of
and Canon of Ely; Hulsean Lecturer, 1879;
(A. C. S.) iany biológical papers in scientific journals,
author of "The Jewish and the Christiani SYMONS, Arthur; author of 'An Introduction etc.
Messiah,'' The Place of Authority in Matters of to the Study of Brówning,' ' Days and Nights,' SKINNER, Frank C.; Principal Examiner Religious Belief.'
(V. H. S.) 'Silhouettes,' 'London Nights,' 'Studies in and Chief of Classification Division, U.S. Patent STATHAM, H, H.; editor of “The Builder';
Two Literatures,' 'The Symbolist Movement in Office.
(F. C. S.)
Literature,' 'Images of Good and Evil,' 'Col
lected Poems.' SLOANE, Thomas O'Conor, Ph.D., A. M. ; 'Architecture among the Poets.' (H. H. S.)
(A. Sy.) late Professor Nat. Sc., Setoń Hall Coll.,
SYMONS, H.; British Museum. (H. Sv.) South Orange, V.J.
(T. O'C. S.) | STEBBING, Rev. Thomas Roscoe Rede,
M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., F. Z.S.; Fellow of King's SLOANE,
William Milligan, Ph.D., College, London; Fellow of Worcester Coll. L.HD., LL.D. ; Professor of History, Colunbia Oxford; prepared Report on the Amphipoda
T University, New York; sometime Professor of
of the Challenger' Expedition ; Chairman of History in Princeton University, and editor of Conference of Delegates, corresponding societies TAIT, Peter Guthrie, M.A., D.Sc., the late; the Princeton Review'; Secretary to George of British Association, 1899; author of Trans- Professor of Natural Philosophy, Edin.; Sec. Bancroft in Berlin, 1873-75; author of The lation of Longinus On the Sublime,'' Essays on Royal Soc., Edin.; Hon. Fellow St Peter's Coll., French War and the Revolution,' Napoleon Darwinism,'"“Challenger” Reports, “Zoology,' Cambridge; Professor of Mathematics, Queen's Bonaparte,' etc.
(W. M. S.) ‘A History of Crustacea,' etc. (T. R. R. S.) Coll., Belfast, 1854 ; author of Light, “Sir SLOCUM, William F., LL.D.; President STEDMAN, Edmund Clarence, L.H.D.,
W. Rowan Hamilton,' etc., in Ninth Edition Colorado College. (W. F. S.) LL.D.; poet and critic; author of 'Poems,'
of ‘Ency. Brit., Dynamics of a Particle, Victorian Poets,' 'Poets of America,' 'The
Quaternions,' 'Therino - Dynamics,' Heat, SMITH, Benjamin Eli, A.M. ; assistant
Nature and Elements of Poetry'; editor of
Light,' etc. editor of the Century Dictionary'; editor of
(P. G. T.) Library of American Literature,' Victorian TANSLEY, A. G., M.A., F.L.S. ; Asst. Prothe Century Cyclopædia of Names, and of
(B. E. S.) the 'Century Atlas.'
(E. C. S.) fessor of Botany, University Coli., London ; STEED, H. WICKHAM ; Correspondent of
author of Memoirs on the Anatomy of Plants'; SMITH, Hon. Charles Emory; Post
"The Times at Rome.
(H. W. S.)
editor of 'The New Phytologist,' etc. (A. G. T.) master - General, Washington, D.C.; formerly United States Minister to Russia ; editor of the STEPHEN, Sir Herbert, Bart., LL.M. ;
TAUSSIG, Frank William, Ph.D., LL.D.; ‘Philadelphia Press' since 1880. (C. E. S.)
Professor of Political Economy, Harvard UniClerk of Assize for the Northern Circuit; author of The Law Relating to Malicious Prosecu
versity, and editor of the Quarterly Journal SMITH, George Barnett, F.R.G.S. ; author
tions,' 'Prisoners on Oath,' etc. (H. S*.)
of Economics'; author of Tariff History of of Mrs Browning,' in Ninth Edition of Ency,
the United States,' 'Wages and Labour, Brit.,' 'Shelley,” Life of Mr Gladstone, STEPHEN, Leslie, Litt.D., M.A.; Hon. etc.
(F. W. T.) Victor Hugo,'' The Life of Mr Bright,' 'The Fellow of Trin. Hall, Camb.; President of TAYLOR, Charles, M.A., D.D., Hon. LL.D. Prime Ministers of Queen Victoria,' Life and Ethical Society; formerly Fellow and Assistant
(Harvard); Master of St John's Coll., CamEnterprises of Ferdinand de Lesseps, The Tutor, Trin. Hall Coll., and Clark Lecturer in
bridge; author of Geometrical Conics, The Life of Queen Victoria,' etc.
(G. B. S.) English Literature; editor of Cornhill Magazine,
Gospel in the Law,' 'The Teaching of the SMITH, Hubert Llewellyn, M.A.; Deputy 1882-91 ; author of Hours in a Library,'
Twelve Apostles,' etc.
(C. T*.) Controller-General and Labour Commissioner, History of English Thought in the Eighteenth TAYLOR,Hon. Hannis, LL.D.; U.S. Minister Labour Department, Board of Trade; Cobden
Century,' Essays on Freethinking and Plain to Spain, 1893-97; author of The Origin and Prize, Oxford, 1890.
(H. L. S.) Speaking,' The Science of Ethics,' 'Life of Growth of the English Constitution.' (H. T*) SMITH, Dr Hugh M.; in charge of Division
Henry Fawcett,' 'An Agnostic's Apology, Life TCHERTKOFF; V.; author of Christian of Inquiry respecting Food Fishes, U.S. Com
of Sir James Fitz-James Stephen,' Studies of a mission of Fish and Fisheries.
Martyrdom in 'Russia'; agent for Count (H. M. S*.)
Biographer,''The English Utilitarians'; edited
(V. T.) SMITH, John, C.B.; Inspector - General in Bankruptcy.
Tolstoy in England.
TEDDER, Henry Richard, F.S.A.; Secretary
and Librarian of the Athenæum Club; librarian SMYTH, Herbert Warrington, M.A., author of Landseer'in Ninth Edition of Ency.
to Lord Acton, 1873-74; one of the organisers LL.M., F.G.S., F.R.G.S. ; Sec. Mining Dept., Brit.,'. Catalogue of Satires' (Brit. Mus.),
and joint-sec. of 1st International Conference Transvaal ; Order of the White Elephant, Siam; * Artists at Home,'. George Cruikshank,
of Librarians, 1877; joint hon. sec. of Library Sec. Siamese Legation, 1898-1901; author of Memorials of W. Mulready,' 'French_and
Association, 1878-80; hon. treas. of the same, Journey on the Upper Mekong,''Five Years in Flemish Pictures,' 'Sir E. Landseer,' 'T. C.
1889-97, and 1898-1901 ; President, 1897-98; Siam,' etc. (H. W. Sm.) Hook, R. A.,' etc.
(F. G. S.)
treas. and sec. Metropolitan Free Libraries'
Committee, 1878-80; hon. treas. second InterSNOW, Francis Huntingdon, LL.D.; Chan. STERLAND, Miss M. writer on Ecclesi- national Conference of Librarians, 1897 ; jointcellor of the University of Kansas. (F. H. S.) astical History.
(M. B. S.) editor of first three volumes of Transactions of