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Society of London,' 'Astronomical Myths,' | BOURNE, Henry Eldridge; Professor of | BROWNE, Edward Granville, M.A., M.B.; Yorkshire Lias,' etc.

(J. F. BL.) History, College for Women, Western Reserve Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and BLAKE, Prof. William Phipps, Ph.B. ;

University, U.S.

(H. E. B.) Professor of Persian; editor of The Episode Director School of Mines, University of Arizona, BOWER, Prederick Orpen, Sc.D., F.R.S.,

of the Bab,' etc.

(E. G. B.) and territorial geologist of Arizona; author F.L.S.; Regius Professor of Botany, University BROWNLOW, Rt. Rev. William Robert of 'Geological Reconnaissance of California,' of Glasgow, since 1885; author of A Course of (the late), D.D., M.A., R.C. Bishop of Clifton;

'Silver Ores and Silver Mines,' etc. (W. P. B.) Practical Instruction in Botany,' 'Practical provost, and domestic prelate to Pope Leo BLÖNDAL, Sigfús, of the University Library,

Botany for Beginners,' etc.

(F. O. B.) XIII. ; co-editor of 'English Roma Sotter. Copenhagen.

(S. Bả.) BOWLEY, A. L.; author of Elements of ranea'; author of 'Early Christian Symbolism'; BLOUNT, Bertram, F.C.S., F.I.C.; con.

Statistics,''Wages in the United Kingdom in

Memoirs of Melise Brownlow, Sir James Marthe Nineteenth Century,' etc. (A. L. Bo.)

shall, and Mother Rose Columba Adams, O.P.; salting chemist to the Crown Agents for the

Lectures on Slavery and Serfdom, on Church Colonies ; Hon. President Cement Section of BOYD, Charles. Walter, B.A. (Edin.);

journalist; International Assoc. for Testing Materials,

sometime private secretary in

History, on Sacerdotalism, on the Catacombs, Buda-Pesth.

and other Archæological subjects ; trans(B. BL.) South Africa to Dr Jameson and Mr Cecil

lation of Rhodes,

(O. W. B*.)

. Cur Deus Homo,' and BLOWITZ, Henri Georges Stephane


(+ W. R. B.) Adolphe 'Opper de; The Times BRABROOK, Edward William, C.B., spondent in Paris; Professor of German at F.S.A., V.P.S.S., V.P.R.S.L. ;

BRUNTON, Sir Thomas Lauder, M.D.,

V.P. Royal Tours, Limoges, Poitiers, and Marseilles; en- Archæological Institute since 1900; Chief Regis.

Sc.D., LL.D. (Edin. and Aberd.), F.R.S. ; phytered ou service of The Times,' July 1871; trar of Friendly Societies since 1891 ; President

sician to St Bartholomew's Hospital, London;

; inaugurated constant telegraphic communica- Anthropological Institute, 1895-97 ; President

author of "The Bible and Science, Text-Book tions and obtained the concession from 9 P.M. Folk-Lore Society, 1901 ; Foreign Associate,

of Pharmacology, Therapeutics, and Materia to 3 A.M. of a special wire for "The Times' from Society of Anthropology of Paris,

1901 ; author

Medica,' 'Disorders of Digestion,' 'Lectures on of 'Building Societies,' 'Friendly Societies,'

the Action of Medicines.' 9 May 1874 ; officer of the Legion of Honour;

(T. L. B.) Doctor of Philosophy; officer of the Institute "Savings Banks' in Ninth Edition of Ency; BRYAN, George Hartley, Sc.D., F.R.S. ; of France; author of 'Feuilles Volantes,' Brit.,' Provident Societies and Industrial

Professor of Pure and Applied Mathematics in L'Allemagne et la Provence,' 'Le Mariage Welfare,' History of Royal Society of Litera- the University College of North Wales; Fellow

ture.' royal d'Espagne,' 'Une Course à Constanti.

(E. W. B.) of Peterhouse, 1889-95; gold medal Inst. Naval nople.' (DE B.) BRADFORD, John R., M.D., D.Sc., F.R.C.P., Architects, 1901.

(G. H. BR.) BLUNT, Capt. Charles Jasper, R.A.;

F.R.S.; member of Senate of University of

BRYANT, Hon. Edgar
Chief Ordnance Officer, Guernsey; served in
London; physician to University Coll. Hospital

E., LL.D. ;

Justice of the Circuit Court of Arkansas, the Chitral campaign, etc.

(C. J. B.)

London ; Professor of Materia Medica and
Therapeutics, University College, London; Pro-

1890-97 ; author of 'Speeches and Addresses, BODLEY, John Edward Courtenay,


(E. E. B.) fessor Supt. of the Brown Institution; author M.A.; private secretary to President of Local

of papers on medical and scientific subjects in BRYCE, Rt. Hon. James, P.C., D.C.L., Governinent Board, 1882-85; secretary to Royal Proc. Roy. Soc. and iu Transactions of medical

LL.D., F.R.S., M.P.'; Regins Professor of Commission on Housing of the Working Classes,

societies, etc.

(J. R. B.)

Civil Law at Oxford, 1870; Under-Secretary of 1884-85; author of France': vol. i. 'The RevoluiBRÆKSTAD, H, L.; Anglo - Norwegian

State for Foreign Affairs, 1886; Chancellor of tion and Modern France,' vol. ii. "The Parliainentary Systern,' (French cd. 1901), 'L'Anglojournalist; translator of standard Norwegian

Duchy of Lancaster (with seat in Cabinet), 1892;
President of Board of Trade, 1894;

Chairman works. manie et les traditions françaises.' (J. E. O. B.)

(H. L. B.)

of Royal Cominission on Secondary Education, BOLTZMANN, Ludwig; Professor of BRAMWELL,, Capt. G. A.; School of Sig. 1894 ; member of Senate of London University, Theoretical Physics, University of Vienna ;

nalling, Aldershot; Deputy-Assistant-Adjutant- 1893 ; corresponding member of Institute of Hon. Member Royal Academy of Sciences,

General for signalling.

(G. A. BR.) France, 1891; foreign member of Royal Aca. Berlin ; author of Lectures on the Theory of BRANNER, John Casper, Prof., Ph.D.,

demies of Turin and Brussels, 1996; correGas,' Lectures on Maxwell's Theory of Elec- LL.D.; Geologist, Imperial Geolog. Com- sponding member of Società Romana di Storia tricity and Light'; editor of 'Maxwell's Physi. mission, Brazil, 1875-1877; Agent U.S. Depart. Patria, 1885; honorary Fellow of Trinity and cal Forces.' (L. Bo.) ment of Agriculture in Brazil, 1882-83; acting

Oriel Colleges, Oxford; president of the Alpine BONAR, James, M.A., LL.D.; senior Examiner President, Stanford University, U.S.A., 1898-99;

Club; author of 'Emperor and Empire,' Jus. Fellow of Geolog. Soc. of London and Société tinian,' 'Procopius, Civil Service Coinmission, Westminster; junior

" Theodora,' in Ninth Examiner in H.M. Civil Service Commission,

Géologique de France; member of various scien- Edition of_'Ency. Brit.,' The Holy Roman 1881; senior Exaininer, ibidem, end of 1895; tific societies of North and South America; author Empire,' The Trade Marks Registration Act,'

Transcaucasia and Ararat, The American of numerous publications on Brazil. (J. O. BR.) President of Section F of British Association, 1898; author of 'Malthus and his Work,' BRANTLY, William Theophilus ; re

Commonwealth,'' Impressions of South Africa,'

etc. Ricardo's Letters to Malthus,' 'Philosophy

(J. BR.) porter of the Maryland Court of Appeals; ex. and Political Economy,' 'Catalogue of Adam secretary of State of Maryland, author of BRYDON, J. M., the late; architect; designed Smith's Library' (part), Ricardo's Letters to 'Maryland' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,'

various Government Offices, Chelsea Town Trower.'

(J. B*.) Law of Personal Property.' (W. T. B.) Hall and Polytechnic, Bath Municipal Build. BONNEY, Rev. Thomas George, D.Sc., BRASSEY, Lord, 1st Baron, K.C.B.,

ings, etc.

(I. M. Bv.) LL.D., F.R.S. ; late Professor of Geology, D.C.L. ; Knight of St John of Jerusalem; BUCHANAN, John Young, M.A., F.R.S. ; University Coll. London ; Hon. Canon of Man. Commander of Legion of Honour, 1889; Presi

chemist and physicist of the Challenger chester; Fellow of St John's Coll. Camb.; dent Statistical Society, 1879-80; Civil Lord of Expedition ; later, Lecturer in Geography, Hulsean Lecturer (Camb.), 1884 ; President Admiralty, 1880-83; Secretary to Admiralty, University of Cambridge ; author of Lake,' Geological Society, 1884-86; Boyle Lecturer, 1883-85; Chairnan of Opium Commission; 'Mediterranean,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. 1890-92; Rede Lecturer (Carob.), 1892; Vice- President of the Institution of Naval Archi


(J. Y. B.) President Royal Society, 1899; author of "The tects, 1893-95; Governor of Victoria, 1895-1900; BUCKLEY, Rev. James Monroe, D.D., Alpine Regions,' 'The Story of our Planet,' author of 'Work and Wages,''Naval Annual, LL.D.; editor of The Christian Advocate

Charles Lyell and Modern Geology,' 'Ice. British Navy,' 'British Seamen,' 'British (New York); author of Travels in three Con. Work, "Volcanoes,' etc. (T. G. B.) Work and Foreign Wages,' etc.

(BR.) tinents,', 'Faith Healing, Christian Science BOSCO, Augustus; Professor of Statistics, BRETT, Michael, Barrister, Middle Temple. and Kindred Phenomena,' 'Supposed Miracles,' University of Rome. (A. Bo.)

(M. Br.)

(J. M. BU.) BOULENGER, George A., F.R.S., F.Z.s., BRICKDALE, C; Portescue, Barrister, BURDE, Lieut. Johannes, late of the assistant, Dept. of Zoology, Brit. Museum, Lincoln's Inn, author of 'The Law and Prac.

German army, 51st Infantry Regiment; author since 1832; author of numerous works on tice regarding the Registration of Deeds in the

of 'Problems of_Applied Tactics, with SoluZoology. (G. A. B.) County of Middlesex,' Notes on Land Trans


.'"Tactical Problems,' etc. (J. BE.) fer,' 'Registration of Title to Land,' part BOURCHIER, James David, M.A. ;

author of "The Land Transfer Acts, 1875 and BURDETT, Sir Henry, K.C.B.; founder and sometime Scholar of Kings_College, Cam

1897,' etc.

(C. F. BR.)

editor of the 'Hospital'; late superintendent bridge; Correspondent of The Times at Athens,

of the Queen's Hospital, Birmingham, and of BRIDGE, Vice-Admiral Sir Cyprian (J. D. B.) Arthur George, K.C.B. ; Commander-in

the Seamen's Hospital, Greenwich ; late secreBOURGET, Paul, poet, critic, and novelist; Chief, China station ; meinber of Committee on

tary. Share and Loan Departnient, London member of French Academy since 1894 ; officer Heavy Guns, 1878; of War Office Committee on

Stock Exchange ; author of Burdett's Official of the Legion of Honour, 1895; author of La Vie Machine Guns, 1879; of Ordnance Committee,

Intelligence of British, American, and Foreign inquiète, 1874; Edel, 1878; Les Aveux, 1882; 1881 ; Director of Naval Intelligence, 1889-94 ;

Securities,' The National Debt, Local TaxaEssais de Psychologie, 1883 ; Nouveaux Essais Commander-in-Chief Australian station, 1895-98;

tion in England and Wales,' The Patriotic de Psychologie, 1885; Etudes et Portraits, 1887; author of 'Signals'in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

Fund,''Hospitals and Asylums of the World,' Pastels, 1889; Physiologie de l'Amour moderne, Brit.'

(O. A. G. B.)

The Relative Mortality of Large and Small 1890 ; Sensations d'Italie, 1891; Nouveaux

Hospitals,' 'Burdett's Hospitals and Charities, Pastels, 1891;

Outre Mer, 1895 ; L'Irréparable, BRIGHTMAN, Rev. Frank Edward, a Year-book of Philanthropy,' 'Hospitals and 1884; Cruelle Enigme, 1885; Un Crime d'Amour,

M.A.; Chaplain Univ. Coll. Oxford, 1884-87 the State,' 'Unhealthiness of Public Institu. 1886; André Cornélis, 1887 ; Mensonges, 1987 ; Pusey Librarian, 1884; author of "What Ob

tions,' 'A Practical Scheme for Old Age Le Disciple, 1889; Un coeur de femme, 1890; La jections have been made to English Orders?'

Pensions,' 'The Registration of Nurses,' 'The Terre Promise, 1892; Cosmopolis, 1892; Un

editor of 'Liturgies Eastern and Western,' 'The Nursing Profession, how and where to Train,' Scrupule, 1894; Un Idylle Tragique, 1896 ; Oxford Library of Practical Knowledge, Housing of the Poor,' etc.

(H. Br.) etc. Voyageuses, 1897 ; Recommencements, 1897;

(F. E. BR.) Complications Sentimentales, 1898; La Duchessé BRINKLEY, Capt. F., R.A. ; proprietor and BURN, Rev. A. E., B.D. ; Examining ChapBleue, 1898; Drames de Famille, 1900; Un editor of the Japan Mail,' Yokohama ; edited

lain to the Bishop of Lichfield; author of 'The Homme d'Affaires, 1900 ; Le Fantôme. (P. B*.) *Japan'; translated "The History of Japan';

Athanasian Creed,' 'An Introduction to the

Creeds and to the Te Deum,' etc. BOURNE, Gilbert Charles, M.A., D.Sc., compiled ' An Unabridged Japanese and English

(A. E. B.) Dictionary,' etc.

(F. By.) BURNSIDE, Rev. Frederick, F.L.S. ; Fellow and Tutor of New Coll. Oxford


Hon. Canon' St Albans; Rural Dean of Herto assistant to Linacre Professor of Comparativé BROADFOOT, Major William, R.E. ; Anatomy, Oxford, 1887-88; Director, Marine author of the Badminton Billiards

ford ; Hon. editor of the Official Year. Book

edited Biological Association, United Kingdom, 1889Career of Major George Broadfoot, C.B., in

of the Church of England'; compiler of 'The 1890; assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, Afghanistan and the Punjaub,' etc. (W. BR.)

Official Parochial Register of Church Services,' etc.

(F. Bu.) 1892-1900; University Lecturer in Comparative BROOME, Lady, widow of the late Sir F. Anatomy, 1898; author of various memoirs Napier Broome, Governor of West Australia; BURNSIDE, William, M.A., F.R.S.; Proon Comparative Anatomy, an 'Introduction to author of 'Station Life in New Zealand,

fessor of Mathematics, Royal Naval College, Study of Comp. Anatomy of Animals,' articles etc.

(M. A. B.)

(W. Bu.) Anthozoa and Ctenophora, in Lankester's BROOM HALL, G. J. S., editor of Corn BURROUGHS, John, author of 'Wake Zoology,' etc. (G. O. B.) Trade Year-Book,' etc.

(G. J. S. B.) Robin, 'Signs and Seasons, Birds and


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Poets,' 'Fresh Fields,' "Whitman: A Study,' Marshfield the Observer,'' The Secret Orchard,' | CLARK, Charles Hopkins, editor of Hart
(J. Bu.) etc,

(E. OA) ford Courant,'Conn., U.S.A. (C. EL OL) BURROWS, Rev. Winfrid Oldfield, M.A.; CHADWICK, Capt. French Ensor, in CLARK, George A., B.L. ; Secretary to

Vicar of Holy Trinity, Leeds; formerly Prin- command of V.8. cruiser New York,' flagship the Léland Stanford Junior University, Sec.
cipal of Leeds Clergy School and Tutor of N. Atlantic Squadron ; Chief of Staff of Rear- retary of the U.S. Fur Seal Commission, 1896-
Christ Church, Oxford.
(W. 0. B.) Admiral Sampson in the Spanish • American 1898.

(G. A. O.) War.

(F. E. CE.)

Clarence Monroe,

CLARKE, Caspar Purdon, C.I.E.; Dir. author Life

of CHALMERS, Mackenzie Dalzell, C.8.I., of Cadillac, founder

ector of Art Museum, South Kensington; Detroit,' 'Revisited Landmarks of Detroit,' M.A.; assistant parliamentary counsel to Treas

late keeper of Art Collections and Assistant
(O. M. B.) ury, England; counsel to Board of Trade;

Judge of County Courts, 1884; acting Chief

(O. P. C.) BURTON, William, F.C.S. ; author of Cantor

CLARKE, Colonel Sir George Syden.

Justice, Gibraltar, 1893; Commissioner of Assize,
Lectures on “Material and Design in Pottery,

ham, K.C.M.G., F.R.S.; Governor of Victoria, 1895; member of the Statuto Law Committee,

(W. B*.) etc.

and Board of Faculty of Law of Oxford ; law Australia, since 1901 ; served Egyptian expeBUTLER, Alfred Joshua, M.A.; Fellow of member of the Viceroy's Council in India; author dition, 1882; Sudan expedition, 1885; Suakin,

Brasenośe College, Oxford ; author of "Tyrol' of contributions to 'Dictionary of Political in Intelligence Department and as Assistant in Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.' (A. J. B.)

Econoiny and " Encyclopædia Britannica, Political Officer ; Secretary Colonial Defence BUTLER, Prof. Nicholas Murray,


* Digest of the Law of Bills of Exchange, Committee; Secretary to Royal Commission Pres. Columbia University, New York; author 'Digest of the Law of Sale,' etc. (M. D. Ca.) on Navy and Army Administration ; Superof 'The Meaning of Education,' etc. ; editor of CHAMBERLAIN, Hon. Joshua Law.

intendent Royal Carriage Factory, 1894-1901 ; the 'Educational Review' and of the Great

member of Committee on War Office Reorganiza. rence, A.M., LL.D.; Brigadier-General in the Educators' series. (N. M. B.) U.S. Civil War; Governor of Maine, 1866-71,

tion, 1900-1901 ; author of 'Practical Geometry and President of Bowdoin College, 1871-83;

and Engineering Drawing,' 'The Principles author of 'Maine'in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

of Graphic Statics,'. 'Plevna,' 'Fortification

Past, Present, and Future,' "The Navy and the

Brit.,''Maine: Her Place in History,'' American
Idcals,' etc.

(J. L. C.)

Nation,' 'Imperial Defence,' 'Russia's Sea. CABLE, George Washington, A.M., CHANEY, Henry James, Superintendent

power,' etc.

(G. S. C.) D.L. ; author of New Orleans' in Ninth

Standards Department Board of Trade; Secret

CLAUSEN, George, A.R.A., R.W.S.; medals: Edition of 'Ency. Brit,' 'Old Creole Days,' ary to Royal Commission on Standards, 1867-70;

Paris 1889, Chicago 1893, Brussels 1897, Paris The Grandissimes,''Dr Sevier, ‘John March, represented Great Britain at International Con.


(G. CL) Southerner,' etc.

(G. W. Ca.) ference on the Metric System, 1901; author of CLAUSON, Captain John Eugene, R.E., CAILLARD, Sir Vincent Henry Pen. "Treatise on Weights and Measures. (H. J. O.) B.A. London; Secretary Colonial Defence Com. alver, K.B.; Assistant Commissioner for CHANNING, Edward, Ph.D. ; Professor of mittee, War Office, London.

(J. E. O.) England on Montenegrin Frontier Commission,

History, Harvard University ; author of 1879; on Arab Tabia Commission, 1879; attached

CLAYDEN, Peter William, the late; Presi

'History of the United States,' 'Town and to Sir Beauchamp Seymour, Naval Demonstra

dent Inst. Journalists, London; a President County Government in the English Colonies tion, Dulcigno, 1880 ; service for Intelligence

International Congress of the Press, Antwerp, of North America,' 'Narragansett Planters,' Department, 1882; attached Headquarters Staff

1894; English member International Burean etc.; collaborator with the late Dr Justin Egyptian Campaign, 1882; appointed President Winsor on the 'Narrative and Critical History

of Press ; Treasurer, Institute of Journalists' Ottoman Public Debt Council, 1883; and Fin

Orphan Fund; author of 'Scientific Men and of America.'

(E. OH.) ancial Representative of England, Holland, and

Religious Teachers,' 'England under Lord Belgium in Constantinople; medal and bronze ANUTE, Octave, late President American Beaconsfield,' 'Early Life of Samuel Rogers,' star, Egyptian campaign; Grand Cordons Med. Society of Civil Engineers; honorary member Rogers and his Contemporaries,' 'England jidie and Osmanie ; gold medals of Liakat and Institution of Civil Engineers, Great Britain ; under the Coalition,' etc.

(P. W. C.) Nishan-i-Imtiaz; Grand Cordon of Ordre pour

author of 'Kansas City Bridges, Progress in le mérite civile.

CLERC, F. L., Denver, Colorado, U.S.A. Flying Machines,' etc. (V. H. P. C.)

(O. C.)

M. Amer. Soc. of Mining Engineers. (F. L 0.)
CALLEN DAR, Hugh Longbourne, CHAPMAN, Alfred, M.I.C.E.; designer and

LL.D., F.R.S. ; 'Professor of Physics, Royal constructor of sugar machinery. (A. CA.) CLERK, Dugald, M.I.C.E.; author of 'The
Coll, of Science, London ; Professor of Physics, CHARLES, Rev. Robert Henry, M.A.,

Theory of the Gas Engine,' 'Notes on Motive
M'Gill Coll, Montreal, 1893-98. (H. L. C.)
D.D.; Professor of Biblical Greek, Trin. Coll.

Power Inventions,' etc.

(D. OL) CAMP, Walter, Newhaven, U.S.A., author of Dublin; author of 'Book of Enoch, translated CLIFFORD, Hugh Charles, C.M.G.; British

"Book of College Sports,' 'American Football,' from the Ethiopic and edited 'Ethiopic Text of Resident, Pahang; nominated by Colonial Office etc.

(W. Ca.) Book of Jubilees, edited from four MSS.,' to post of Governor North Borneo and Labuan

"Book of the Secrets of Enoch,' 'Apocalypse CAMPBELL, J. G. D., M.A. ; H.M.'s In.

under Chartered Company, 1900; Resident, spector of Schools; educational adviser to the of Baruch, translated from the Syriac and Pahang, 1901 ; Acting Resident, Negri Sembilan,

edited King of Siam, 1899-1901.

(J. G. D. C.)

"The Assumption of Moses,' 'The Sept. 1901; author of 'In Court and Kampong,

Doctrine of a Future Life,' 'Jowett Lectures 'Studies in Brown Humanity,'. Since the Begin: CAMPBELL, Rev. Lewis, M.A., LL.D.;

for 1898-99.'

(R. H. C.) ning,' 'In a Corner of Asia,' joint author with emeritus Professor of Greek, University of

Sir Frank Swettenham of & Dictionary of the
CHATAWAY, James Vincent, M.L.A.,
St Andrews; Hon. Fellow of Balliol Coll.

Malay Language.
the late; Secretary for Agriculturé, Queens-
Oxford ; Gifford Lecturer, St Andrews, 1894-95;

(E. CL)
author of 'Plato,' 'Sophocles' in Ninth Edition

(J. V. O.) CLODD, Edward ; author of "The Childhoo! of 'Ency. Brit., The Christian Ideal,' part CHIROL, Valentine; B.Lit. University of of the World, The Childhood of Religions, "Life of James Clerk-Maxwell,' 'Sophocles in Paris ; foreign editor of The Times'; author Jesus of Nazareth,' 'Myths and Dreams, English Verse,' 'Aeschylus in English Verse,' of “The Far Easteru Question,' ''Twixt Greek 'Story of Creation,' 'Story of Primitive Man, Guide to Greek Tragedy'; edition of 'Plato's and Turk,' etc.

(V. O.) Primer of Evolution,' 'Pioneers of Evolution,

' Republic' (with late Professor Jowett), 'Life of

Tom Tit Tot, an Essay on Savage Philosophy
CHISHOLM, G. G., M.A., B.Sc.; author of
Benjamin Jowett' (with E. Abbott), 'Religion
"The Commérce of the British Empire,' joint-

in Folk - Tale,' 'Grant Allen,' Story of the
in Greek Literature,' 'Letters of B. Jowett'
author of 'Europe' in Stanford's 'Compendium

Alphabet,' etc.

(..CL) (with E. Abbott), "The Nationalization of the

of Geography and Travel'; edited Longinan's COBHAM, C, Delaval, M.A., B.C.L.; British Old English Universities.'

(L. C.)
Gazetteer of the World.'

(G. G. C.) Commissioner, Larnaca, Cyprus; editor of CARLYLE, E, I., M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc.; Fellow

CHISHOLM, Hugh, B.A.; formerly scholar Bibliography of Cyprus, and 'Excerpta of Merton College, Oxford ; assist. editor to the

C.C.C., Oxford ; Barrister-at-Law of the · Dictionary of National Biography.' (E. I, O.)

Cypria'; translator of Mariti's Travels in
Middle Temple; assistant editor of the 'St

CAROE, William Douglas, M.A., F.S.A.; James's Gazette,' 1892-97; editor, 1897-1900.

Architect to Ecclesiastical Commission, to the Contributor to 'Fortnightly Review,' 'National

Sir John Alex.

ander, K.C.M.G., M.D. ; Fellow King's Cola Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, etc.; Fellow Review,' The Times,' Standard,' etc. ;. Jointand Member of the Council R.I.B.A.; part editor of the New Volumes of the 'Encyclopædia

lege, London; Mayor of Jamestown, (W. D. C.) author of 'Sefton.' Britannica.'

Australia ; member of House of Assembly, & (H. CH.)

Australia; Minister of Education, 1885-ST; CARSON, Howard A., formerly chief engineer CHREE, Charles, M.A., Sc.D.,

LL.D., F.R.S. ; Premier and Chief Secretary, 1889-90; Chief of the Metropolitan (Greater Boston, U.S.A.) Fellow of King's College, Camb.; Super Secretary, 1892; Minister of Education and Sewerage Commission and now chief engineer intendent Observatory Department, National Agriculture, 1893-98; one of the representa: of the Boston Transit Commission; in charge

Physical Laboratory.

(C. Oh.) tives of South Australia at the Federal Con. of the building of the Boston Subway and the

ferences in 1890, 1891,

1897, and 1898; AgentCHRISTY, S. B., Ph.B. ; Professor of Mining East Boston Tunnel, sometime President of the

and Metallurgy and Dean of the Faculty of General for South Australia to 1901. (J. A. Ca) Boston Society of Civil Engineers. (H. A. C.)

the College of Mining, University of Cali. CARTER, Albert Charles Robinson; fornia.

(S. B. O.)

COGHLAN, T. A., A.M.I.C.E. ; Government assistant editor of 'The Year's Art,' » 1987 ; CHURCH, Arthur Herbert, M.A., D.Sc.,

Statistician of New South Wales ; author of editor, 1894; editor of The Year's Music, F.R.S., F.S.A. ; Professor of Chemistry, Royal

The Mining Industry of New South Wales,"? 1898; contributor to The Art Journal' since

Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies or 1889; art critic of 'Manchester Courier'; art

Academy of Arts; Professor of Chemistry in
the Royal Agricultural Coll. Cirencester ; Lec.

has also written on the Agricul.
critic for 'Pall Mall Gazette'; writer of The
turer, Cooper's Hill; President of Mineralogical

ture, Fauna, and Timber Resources of Yer Art Annual, 1900, on War Artists.' (A. O. R. O.)

Society, 1898-1901 ; author of "Guano,''Hemp,
CARVER, Thomas Gilbert, M.A., K.O. ; Irrigation,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' COLCLOUGH, John George, B.A.; le

author of 'On the Law relating to the Carriage Precious Stones,''English Earthenware,''Eng. Secretary of the British Chamber of Commerce
of Goods by Sea.'

(T. G. O.) lish Porcelain,' 'The Laboratory Guide,' 'Food Paris ; author of Ulster," "The Law of Cos: CASE, Thomas, M.A. ; Waynflete Professor of Grains of India,' 'Food,' 'Josiah Wedgwood,

tract,' 'Twenty-five Years of Anglo-French Moral and Metaphysical Philosophy, Oxford ;

(C. D. C.)


South Wales.

(T. A.C.)


'Colour,' etc.

(A. E O.) Fellow of Magdalen ; formerly Fellow and Tutor CHURCH, Col. George Earl; Member of of B.N.C., and C.C.C. ; author of 'Materials for the Council Roy. Geog. Soc. ; President of the

COLE, Alan S.; Asst. Sec. (Art) Board of Educa. History of Athenian Democracy from Solon to Geog. Section, British Association, 1898 ; author

tion; Ex, for Art, S. Kensington; author Pericles,' 'Realism in Morals,' . Physical Real. of South America, an outline of its Physical

"Ancient Needle Point and Pillow Lace,' ism,''St Mary's Clusters.' (T. OA.) Geography,' etc.

(G. 6. O.)

Tapestry and Embroidery,' etc.; and editor

Studies from the Museums,' various descrip CIST, Henry Martyn, A.M., Cincinnati, CASTLE, Egerton, M.A., F.S.A. ; author of Schools and Masters of Fence,''Consequences, U.8. A. ; author of 'Army of the Cumberland,

tive catalogues of Tapestry, Embroidery, Lace, English Book-Plates,' 'The Light of Scarthey,'

and Egyptian textiles at & Keng Xis. Life of Major-General George H. Thomas The Jerningham Letters,' The Pride of editor of 20 Annual Reports of the Society Jennico,' The Bath Comedy,' 'Young April,' the Army of the Cumberland.

(H. M. o.)

COLLINS, Rev. William Edward, 14;

Professor of Ecclesiastical History, King's

Tradé,' etc.

(J. G. C)


(4. &Q)


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Coll, London, Examining Chaplain to the Coll. Oxford ; representative of General Council tribution to the Geology and Petrography of
Bishop of St Albans ; author of "The English of Bar at International Congress of Advocates, Bathurst,' etc.

(J. M. Co.)
Reformation and its Consequences,' The Brussels, 1897; representative of the same
Nature and Force of the Coininon Law, Unity, Council at Internutional Congress of the Société
Catholic and Papal,' etc.

(W. E. O.) de Législation Comparée, Paris, 1900; acting
Sir John Charles Ready,

Chairman of the International Commission on

K.C.M.G., M.P.; author of Protection of

Criminal Sentences; author of many legal,
Commerce in War,' • Imperial Strategy,' 'The

social, and political articles. M. E. O.) DABNEY, Charles William, Ph.D.; Pres. Distribution of our War Forces, Colonial CRAIES, W. P.; Barrister, Inner Temple ;

Univ. of Tennessee; assistant U.S. Secretary Defence and Colonial Opinions,' The Defence edited 'A Collection of Statntes relating to Agriculture, 1893-97, etc.

(O. W. D.) of Great and Greater Britain,''Naval Intelli- Criminal Law,' A Treatise on the construction DABNEY, Richard Heath, A.M., Ph.D.; gence and Protection of Commerce,' The Uso and effect of Statute Law,' 'The Laws of Professor of Historical and Economical Science, and Application of Marine Forces,. 'Imperial Iusurance,' etc.

(W. F. C.)

University of Virginia; author of The Causes
Federation, Naval and Military,' 'British
Defence,' etc.

of the French Revolution,' 'John Randolph :
CRANE, Walter, A. R. W.S.; silver medal,
(J. O. R. O.)
Paris, '1889; silver medal, Society of Arts ;

a Character Sketch.'

(R. H. D.) COLVIN, Sir Auckland, K.C.S.I., K.C.M.G., gold medal, Munich, 1895; first and present DALBY, W. Ernest, M.A., B.Sc., M.I.C.E.,

C.I.E.; Grand Cordons of Osinanieh and Med. President Arts and Crafts Ex. Society (Englaud), M.I.M.E., Assoc. M.I. Nav. Architects; Projidich; Comptroller-Gen. Egypt; Financial 1888; member of Council of Art, Board of fessor of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Adviser to Khedive; Financial member of Education, and examiner in Design; Hon.

Mathematics, City and Guilds Techuical College, Viceroy's Council, India ; Lieut.-Gov. North- Member Dresden Academy of Fine Arts ; Finsbury.

(W. E. D.) West Provinces and Oudh; author of 'John appointed British Commissioner for the Turin Russell Colvin,' etc.

(A. Co.) International Exhibition of Decorative Art, DALE, T. P.; author of 'The Game of Polo,

1902 ; Director of Design, Manchester Municipal part-editor of 'Riding and Polo.' (T. F. D.) COLYAR, H, A. de; of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law; author of 'Law of Guaran

School of Art, from 1893-96 (resigned); Hon; DALL, Hon. William Healey, A.M. ; tees.'

(H. A. DE C.)
Art Director, Reading College, 1898 ; Principal

naturalist, U.S. National Museum ; author of the Royal College of Art, South Kensington,

of 'Alaska and its Resources,' Tribes of the COMSTOCK, Brig.-Gen. Cyrus Ballon ; 1898-99 (resigned); author and illustrator of

Extreme North-west,' etc.

(W. H. D.) U.S.A., retired ; Board of Engineers for Forti. Baby's Opera,'Baby's Banquet,''The Sirens fications, U.S. Army; chief engineer, Army Three,''Flora's Feast,"Queen Summer,'

"Claims DALLAS, J. M. M.; late Secretary of of the Potomac, 1862-63; President of the of Decorativo Art,'' Renascence, 1891,' ' Decora

the Edinburgh Draughts Club. (J. M. M. D.) Mississippi_River Commission; author of tive Illustration of Books,' 'Spenser's Fairie

DANNREUTHER,Edward, Professor Royal Primary Triangulation of the U.S. Lake Queene,' 'The Shepherd's Calendar,' 'Line and

Coll. Mus,; author of Musical Ornamentation,
(C. B. O.) Form,'' A Masque of Days,' etc. (W. CR.)

Liszt's Études,' 'Richard Wagner.' (E. DA.)
CRAWPORD, Francis Marion; author of DARWIN, George Howard, M.A., LL.D.,
James, S.T.D., J.C.D.; Rector of the Catholic
many novels, including Mr Isaacs, and 'Sar.

D.Sc., F.R.S.; Plumnian Professor of Astronomy
University of America.

(+ T. J. C.) cinesca'; and of 'Ave Roma Immortalis, “Life of
Pope Leo XII.,' 'Constantinople,' etc. (M. CR.)

and Experimental Philosophy, Cambridge ; CONWAY, Sir William Martin, M.A.;

Fellow of Trin. Coll. Camb. ; author of 'Tides,' Slade Professor of Fine Arts, Cambridge; Pro- CREAK, Capt. Ettrick William, R.N.,

in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.' 'Reports to fessor of Art, Univ. Coll. Liverpool, 1885-88; C.B., F.R.S. ; late Superintendent of Com

B.A. on Harmonic Analysis of Tidal ObservaHon. Sec. Art Congress, 1888-90; President of passes, Hydrographic Department, Admiralty, tions,' 'Memoirs on the Effects of Tidal the Alpine Club; author of 'Dawn of Art in London.

(E. W. C.)

Friction on the Earth and on the Moon,' Phil. the Ancient World,' a series of Climbers' Guide.

Trans. Roy. Soc., The Tides and Kindred books to the Pennine and Lepontine Alps, etc.,

CREIGHTON, Charles, M.A., M.D. Aber. Phenomena in the Solar System,' etc. (G. H. D.) Climbing and Exploration in the Karakoram.

deen; author of History of Epidemics in Hiinalayas,' 'The Alps from End to End,' "The Britain," Jenner and Vaccination, etc. (C. C.) DARWIN, Leonard, Major, late R. E.; In.

telligence Dept. War' Office, 1885-90; serveil First Crossing of Spitsbergen,' With Ski and CREWE, Earl of, P.C., M.A., F.S.A. ; President on several scientific expeditions, including Sledge over Arctic Glaciers,' 'The Bolivian of the Literary Fund; assist. priv. sec. to Sec. Transit of Venus of 1874 and 1882; author of Andes. (W. M. C.) for Foreign Affairs, 1883-84 ; Lord-Lieut. of


(L. D.) COOK, Theodore Andrea, M.A., F.S.A. ;

Ireland, 1892-95 ; author of 'Stray Verses,' author of 'Old Touraine, Rouen,'' A History

articles on Ireland, etc.

DAVENPORT, Cyril James H., F.S.A. ; (C.)

British Museum ; silver medal Society of Arts, of the English Turf,' joint-author of Ice.

CRIMP, Santo, M.I.C.E.; the late ; author 1900; binding editor to the Anglo-Saxon Re. Sports.'

(T. A. Co.)

of 'Sewage Disposal Works': joint author of view; author of "The English Regalia,''Royal COOKE, Charles Wallwyn Radcliffe-, * Tables and Diagrams for use in designing English Bookbindings,' Cantor Lectures on B.A.; author of A Treatise on the Agricultural sewers and water mains,' etc.

(S. CR.) Decorative Bookbindings,'... English EmHoldings (England) Act,'' Four Years in Parlia. CRITCHELL, James Troubridge, London

broidered Bookbindings, Life of T. Berthement with Hard Labour,' 'A Book about Cider

let.' Correspondent of the 'Brisbane Courier,'North

(C. D.) and Perry'; President, National Association of

Queensland Herald,' etc.; author of Preliminary DAVEY of Fernburst, Lord, D.C.L., F.R.S.; English Cider-nakers.

(C. W. R. C.)

Enquiry mto the Markets of the European Lord of Appeal in Ordinary ; Solicitor General, COOLIDGE, Rev. William Augustus Continent,''Guide to Queensland,'etc. (J.T.CR.) 1886; Lord Justice of Appeal, 1893. (D.) Brevoort, M.A., F.R.G.8.; Fellow of Mag.

CROOKES, Sir William, F.R.S. ; Past Pre. DAVIDS, T. W. Rhys, LL.D., Ph.D.; Secdalen College, Oxford; Professor of English

sident of the Chernical Society, Great Britain ; retary and Librarian Royal Asiatic Society ; History, St David's College, Lampeter, 1880-81 ;

Past President of the Institution of Electrical Professor of Pali and Buddhist Literature, Corresponding Meinber of the Swiss Hist.

Engineers; editor of 'Chemical News,' President Univ. Coll. London; author of 'Buddhism, Society, 1891; author of 'Jura,' 'Switzerland' of the British Association for the Advancement 'Jains,''

Lamaism,' in Ninth Edition of Ency. (History, Geography, and Statistics), Tell,'

of Science, 1898 ; editor of Quarterly Journal Brit., Buddhism, Buddhist Birth Stories,' Valais, Zurich' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

of Science'; Professor of Chemistry, Training Buddhist Suttas froin the Pali,' 'Hibbert Brit.'; joint author of "Guide du Haut Daii. Coll., Chester, 1855; author of 'Assaying' in Lectures,' 1881, etc.

(T. W. R. D.) phiné, Guide to the Central Alps of the Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'; Select Methods DAVIDSON, William Leslie, M.A., LL.D.; Dauphiny,' 'Guide to the Lepontine Alps,' "The Mountains of Cogne,' 'The Adula Alps,' in Chemical Analysis,'Manufacture of Beetroot.

Professor of Logic and Metaplıysics,

Aberdeen Sugar in England,' 'Handbook of Dyeing and 'The Range of the Tödi,' 'Guide to Grindel.

University; author of 'English Words Exwald,'. Guide to Switzerland'; editor of ' Alpine

Calico-Printing,' 'Dyeing and Tissue Printing,'
Kerl's Treatise on Metallurgy,' with Ernst

plained,' Theism as grounded in Hunan Journal,' 1880-89.

(W. A. B. o.)
Rohrig, 'Wagner's Chemical Technology,' 'Auer.

Naturo, A Philosophical Centenary: Reid and bach's Anthracen and its Derivatives,' Ville's

Campbell,' Christian Ethics.
COPEMAN, $ydney Monckton, M.A.,

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(W. L. D.) M.D.; Medical Inspector, Local Government Artificial Manures,' 'A Solution of the Sewage DAVIES, A, Llewelyn, B.A.; Barrister, Board; Member of the Council Epideiniological Question, The Profitable Disposal of Sewage,' Inner Temple; Assistant

Reader in Coininon Society; author of "Vaccination: its Natural The Wheat Problem,' etc.

(W. C.) Law under the Council of Legal Educa. History and Pathology,' 'Bacteriology of


(A. LL. D.) Vaccine Lymph,' etc.

(S. M. C.)

CROSS, Charles Robert, B.Sc.; Professor

of Physics and Director of Rogers Laboratory, DAVIES, Henry Walford, Mus. Doc. CORRADINI, Enrico; late editor of 'La Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Director (Camb.), A.R.C.M. (Lond.); organist and

Naziona,' Florence; author of 'La Civia Rom- of Rumford Coinmittee, American Academy of director of the choir, Temple Church, London;
anzo,' etc.
(E. Co.) Arts and Sciences.

(C. R. OR.) formerly organist and choinnaster, St Anne's,

Soho ; teacher of counterpoint, R.C.M., COTTON, James Sutherland, M.A. ; Hon. CROZIER, Capt. T. H., R.A. ; Professor of


(H. W. D.) Secretary of the Egypt Exploration Fund ; late Artillery, Ordnance College, Woolwich. (T. H. O.) editor of The Academy,' London ; Fellow and

DAVIS, John Patterson, Ph.D., A.M. ; Lecturer of Queen's Coll. Oxford ; author of

CRUMP, Charles George, B.A.; of H.M. assistant in History and Economics, University Warren Hastings ' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency.

Record Office; editor The History of the of Michigan, 1894-1895; now Attorney-at-Law, Brit.,'. Decennial Report on the Moral and

Life of Thomas Ellwood,' 'The Works of Walter Nampa, Idaho; author of "The Union Pacific
Material Progress of India,' 'India,' 'Elphin.

Savage Landor,' etc.
(C. G. CR.) Railway,' etc.

(J. P. D.) stone,''Quinquennial Report on Education in

CUNDALL, P.; Sec. and Librarian, Institute DAVIS, William Morris, Professor Physical India'; editor of 'Paterson's Practical Statutes,' of Jamaica ; author of 'Studies in Jamaica Geography, Harvard University; author of

The Official Gazetteer of India,' (J. S. Co.) History,' 'The Story of the Life of Columbus 'Physical Geography and numerous scientific COX, General Jacob Dolson, LL.D., the and Discovery of America'; edited Bibliotheca publications.

(W. M. D.) late; Governor of the State of Ohio (1866-67);

Jamaicensis,' etc.

(F. Co.)

DAWKINS, William Boyd, M.A., D.Sc., U.S. Secretary of the Interior (1869-70); Major. CUNNINGHAM, J. T., M.A.; late Fellow F.R.S., F.S.A., F.G.S., A.M.1.C.E.; Professor General U.S. Volunteers in the Civil War; of University Coll., Oxford ; lecturer for of Geol. and Palæontology in Owens College, Brigade.Commander under General Sherman in Fisheries, Tech. Instruction Com. of Cornwall; Manchester ; geologist on Geological Survey of the Atlanta campaign ; author of 'Atlanta: the late Asst. Professor of Natural History, Edin. Great Britain, 1861-69; author of 'Cave' in March to the sea,' 'Battle of Franklin,' burgh; also Naturalist to Marine Biological Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,''Cave Hunting,' etc.

(J. D. Co.) Assoc. of the U.K.; author of 'Treatise on ' Early Man in Britain,' British Pleistocene CRACKANTHORPE,

Common_Sole,' 'Marketable Marine Fishes

(W. B. D.)
Hughes, K.C., D.C.L.; late member General
of the British Isles,' 'Sexual Dimorphism,' DAWSON,

George Mercer, LL.D., F.R.S., etc. Council of the Bar and Council of Legal

(J. T. O.)

the late ; 'Director Geological Survey of Canada; Education; late Chairman Incorporated Council CURRAN, Rev.J.Milne; anthor of Geology Geologist and Naturalist to H.M. North Ameri. of Law Reporting; Honorary Fellow St John's of Sydney, and the Blue Mountains,' 'A Con- can Boundary Commission, 1873-75; one of


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H.M. Behring Sea Commissioners, 1891, and DODD, Lieut.-Col. John Richard, M.B., | DYER, Sir William Turner Thiselton., under the Behring Sea Joint Coinmission F.R.C.S., R.A.M.C.; Medical Officer,' Royal M.A., B.Sc., LL.D., Ph.D., K.C.M.G., C.M.G., Agreement, 1892; author of numerous scien- Arsenal, Woolwich.

(J. R. D.) C.I.E., F.R.S. ; Director, Royal Gardens, tific and technical reports printed by the DOUGLAS, James, LL.D.; member and Vice

Kew; Fellow, University of London, 1887-90; Canadian Government, and scientific and other President' Am. Inst. of Mining Engineers;

V P.R.S. 1896-97 ; joint-author of 'Biology'in papers.

(G. M. D.)
member Am. Philosoph. Soc., Am. Geolog. Soc.,

Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.,' 'Flora of DAY, Lewis F.; English Designer and Art Society of Arts, London, etc.; forinerly Pro

Middlesex,' edited English edition of Sichs' fessor of Chemistry, Morrin College, Quebec;

Text-book Lecturer; Med. "Paris Exhibition (1900); Ex.

of Botany,' 'Flora Capensis,'

etc. author of Canadian Independence,' Iinperial amniner for Art, Board of Education, author of

(W.T. T.-D.) Windows-Stained and Painted Glass, The Federation and Annexation,' numerous technical Anatomy of Pattern,'. The Distribution of articles and reports, etc.

(J. Ds.) Ornamental Design, Nature in Ornament,' DOUGLAS, Robert Kennaway, Keeper of

E etc.

(L. F. D.)

Oriental Printed Books and MSS. at the British DAYOT, Armand; Inspector of Fine Arts, Museuin; Professor of Chinese, King's Coll.

EARDLEY-WILMOT, Rear - Admiral Ministry of Fine Arts, France; author of Un London ; appointed China Consular Service, Sydney M., R.N.; author of The British siècle d'art,''La Révolution Française, d'après 1858; retired, and appointed assistant in charge

Navy, Past and Present,'' The Next Naval War,' des peintures, sculptures, etc.,' Les inaitres of Chinese Library, British Museum, 1865

Our Flags : Their Origin, Use, and Traditions, de la caricature Française au XIXe siècle, author of 'Canton, China,'_ 'Jenghiz Khan,

'The Development of Navies during the Last etc. (A. DA.) Manchuria,' etc., in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Half Century,' etc.

(S. M. E.-W.) DEACON, George Frederick, M.I.M.E.;

Brit.,' 'The Language and Literature of EATON, Fred. A.; Secretary to the Royal Member of Council of Institution of Civil China,' 'Confucianisin and Taoism, China,'

Academy, London ; edited Thausing's 'Albert 'A Chinese Manual,' 'The Life of Li Hung, Engineers, London; investigated schemes for

Dürer: His Life and Works.'

(F. A. E.) water - supply of Liverpool; projected the

Chang,' 'China.'

(R. K. D.) Vyrnwy scheme; carried out part of it in con. DOUGLASS, William Tregarthen,

EDGINGTON, Charles, M.A.; President

Oxford University Speed Skating Club; holder junction with the late Thomas Hawksloy ; M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E., M.I.E.E. ; late Resident

since 1898 of the world's speed record for the President Association of Municipal and County Engineer to the Trinity House; Con. Eng. to

hour (19 in. 348 yds.).

(O. E.) Engineers, 1878; President Engineering Section Govts. of W. Australia, N. S. Wales, Victoria, Sanitary Institute, 1894; President Mechanical Cape of Good Hope, etc., erected the Eddy- EDGEWORTH, Francis Ysidro, M.A.; Science Section, British Association, Toronto, stone, Bishop Rock Lighthouses, etc.; author D.C.L.; Professor of Political Economy, Oxford, 1897.

(G. F. D.) of "The New Eddystone Lighthouse,' 'On Fellow of All Souls' Coll. Oxford ; Fellow of DEANS, Richard Storry, LL.B.; Barrister

the More Eficient Lighting of Estuaries and King's Coll. London; editor of the Economic at-Law, Gray's Inn.

(R. S. D.)
Rivers,' etc.

Journal'; author of Mathematical Psychics,'
(W. T. D.)

(F. Y. E.) DENNING, W. F., F.R.A.S.; Gold Medal,

DOWSON, J. Emerson, M.I.C.E., M.I.M.E.;

Inventor of the . Dowson Gas Plant;. part EDWARDS, William Seymour, Attorney R.A.S. ; President Liverpool Ast. Society,

author of "Tramways,' Decimal Coinage, and Counsellor-at-law, U.S.A.; author of Coals 1877-78; author of "Telescopic Work for Star

etc. etc.

(J. E. Do.) light Evenings,' 'The Great Meteoric Shower,'

and Cokes in West Virginia.' (W. S. E.) etc.

(W. F. D.) DREYER, John Louis Emil, Director EGERTON, H. E.; author of ' A Short History DE VILLIERS, John Abraham J.;

Armagh Observatory; assist. Astronomer at

of British Colonial Policy,' 'Sir Stamford British Museum.

(J. A. J. DE
73 Dublin University Observatory, 1878-82; author Raffles,' Essays on Christ's
of 'Observatory, 'Sextant,' Time,' Transit

Hospital, etc.

(H. E. Eo.) DE VINNE, Theodore Low, printer and Circle,' in Ninth Edition ‘Ency. Brit.,' 'Second

typographist, New York; head of the firm of Armagh Catalogue of 3300 stars, 1886, New ELIOT, Charles William, LL.D., D.C.L.; Theodore L. de Vinne and Co.; author of General Catalogue of Nebulæ and Clusters of President of Harvard University; author of Printers' Price List,' 'Invention of Printing,' Stars,' "Tycho Brahe'; co-editor 'Coperni.

"American Contributions to Civilization, Historic Types,' etc. (T. L. DE V.) cus: an International Journal of Astronomy,' Educational Reform,' etc.

(C. W. B.) 1881-84. DEWAR, James, M.A., Hon. LL.D. (Glasgow,

(J. L. E. D.) ELIOT, Whately, M.I.C.E.; conducted survey St_Andrews, Edin.), D.Sc. (Victoria), F.R.S., DRIESCH, Hans A. E., Ph.D. Jena ; of the coast of New Zealand ; late Engineer F.R.S.Ed., F.I.C., F.C.S. ; Professorial Fellow Stazione Zoologica, Naples; author of 'Ana. to Peterhead Harbour Board : Resident Enof Peterhouse, Camb.; Jacksonian Professor of lytical Theory of Organic Development,' gineer Eastham section of the Manchester Ship Experimental Philosophy, Cambridge; Fullerian Biology,' etc.

(H. A. E. D.) Canal ; Superintendent Civil Engineer, Keyham Professor of Chemistry, Royal Institution,

Dockyard Extension, etc.

(W. E.) London ; Vice-President of the Royal Society; DRIVER, Rev. Samuel Rolles, D.D., a Director of the Davy - Faraday Research

D.Litt. ; Regius Professor of Hebrew, and ELLINGTON, E. B., M.L.C.E.; Member of

Canon of Christ Church, Oxford; member of the Council M.E.; Member of the Société des Laboratory; President British Association for 1902; co-inventor with Sir Frederick Abel

Old Testament Revision Company; author of Ingénieurs Civils de France; Chief Engineer

'Isaiah,' 'Notes on the Hebrew Text of the London and Liverpool Hydranlic Power Comof cordite; late inember of the Government Explosives Committee; author of 'Alum,' etc.

Books of Sainuel,' 'An Introduction to the panies, etc. ; inventor of numerous improvein Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' numerous

Literature of tho Old Testament,' varions ments in hydraulic machinery. (E. B. E.) papers contributed to the proceedings of the

commentaries; joint-editor of the Holy Bible,
with various renderings and readings froin the

ERNST, Gen. Oswald Herbert; BrigadierRoyal Societies of London and Edinburgh,

General U.S.A. ; member of the U.S. Isthinian best authorities,' 'A Hebrew and English the Royal Institution, the British Association, Lexicon of the Old Testament.'

Canal Commission; Engineer in charge of

(S. R. D.) the Chemical Society, etc. (J. DR.)

Western River Improvements, 1878-86, and of DUFP, Rt. Hon. Sir Mountstuart Harbour Improvements on Toxas Coast, 1886-89; DIBDIN, Charles, F.R.G.S., A.V.I.; Knight of St John of Jerusalem in England; Hon.

Elphinstone Grant, P.C., M.A., D.L., Superintendent U.S. Military Academy, 1893-98; Corresponding Member of Institutions de Pré

G.C.S.I., F.R.S. ; Under - Secretary of State author of 'Manual of Practical Military En: for India, 1868-74; Under-Secretary for the ginering, 'otc.

(O. H. E.) voyance, France ; Secy, of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, England; Hon. Secy: of

Colonies, 1880-81 ; Governor of Madras, 1881. the Civil Service Lifeboat Fund. (C. Di.) 86 ; Member of Senate University of London, EVANS, Hon. Henry Clay; U.S. Commis

sioner of Pensions, Washington. 1891; President Royal Geographical Society,

(H. C. E.) DIBDIN, Lewis Tonna, K.C., D.C.L. (Dur. 1889-93 ; President Royal Historical Society, EVERETT,, Commander Allan F., R.N.;

ham), F.S.A. ; author of 'Church Courts,' 1892-99; author of 'Miscellanies, Political and Signal School, H.M.S. 'Victory,' Ports"City Livery Companies,' 'Brewer's Endow. Literary, ;"Memoir of Sir H. S. Maine,' 'Ernest mouth.

(A. F. E.) ment and Establishment,'_ 'Monasticism in Renan,' 'Memoir of Lord de Tabley,' Notes England,' 'Hanson's Death Duties.' (L. T. D.) from a Diary.'

(M. G. D.)

EVERETT, Joseph David, M.A., D.C.L.,

D.Sc., F.R.S.; late Professor of Natural PhiloDICEY, Edward, C.B., B.A.; editor of "The DUFFIELD, William Bartleet: of_the sophy, Queen's Coll. Belfast; Assist. to Pro

Observer' (London), 1870-59; anthor of 'Rome Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. (W. B. Du.) fessor of Mathematics, Glasgow, 1864-67; author in 1860,' Cavour,' · The Morning Land,'

of Centimètre - Gramme - Second System of England and Egypt,' Victor Emmanuel,

DU FIEF, J.; Secrétaire, Société Royale Belge Bulgaria, the Peasant State,' 'The Story of de Géographie, Bruxelles ; author of Atlas du

Units,' English edition of Deschanel's Physics,' the Khedivate,' etc. Belgique, Les decouvertes maritimes des

Elementary Text-Book of Physice,' 'Outlines (E. D.) Portugais au XVe siècle,' 'Les Expeditions

of Natural Philosophy.'

(J. D. B.) DICKEY, Rev. Charles A., D.D.; President Belges au Katenga,' etc.

(J. DU F.) EWART, James Cossar, M.D., F.R.S.; of the Presbyterian Hospital'in Philadelphia; DUNCAN, Louis, Ph.D.; sometime President

Regius Professor of Natural History, EdinModerator of the General Assembly of the Pres. of the American Institute of Electrical En.

burgh; Professor Natural History, Aberdeen, byterian Church in the U.S., 1900. (0. A. D.) gineers, and Associate Professor of Electricity,

1878-82; member Fishery Board for Scotland; DICKSON, Henry Newton, B.Sc., F.R.S.E., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. (L. DU.)

author of The Locomotor System of the EchinoF.R.G.S.; late Vice-President Royal Meteoro

derins' (with the late G. J. Romanes), 'On the logical Society; Lecturer in Physical Geography,

DUNCAN, P.; Secretary's Department, Inland Progress of Fish Culture in America,'_'On Oxford ; author of 'Meteorology: the Elements

Revenue 'Office, London.

(P. D.) Whitebait,' 'On the Preservation of Fish,' of Weather and Climate,' etc. (H. N. D.) DUNNING, William Archibald, Ph.D.;

"The Development of the Limbs of the Horse.

(J. C. E.) DIXON, Capt. J. Whitly, R.N.; conservator

Professor of History, Columbia University, of the river Huinber; late Staff Commander of

New York; member of The American His. EWING, James Alfred, M.A., B.Sc., F.R.S.,

torical Association ; author of 'Essays in M.I.C.E.; Professor the Medway Fleet Reserve; author of Mariner's

of Mechanism Compass in an Iron Ship,' etc. (J. W. D.)

Reconstruction,' etc.; editor 'Political Science Applied Mechanics, Cambridge; Fellow of

(W. A. D.) King's College, Cambridge; Professor of DOBSON, George;. Petersburg; author of

Mechanical Engineering at the Imperial UniRussia's Railway Advance and Central Asia, DUTT, Romesh Chunder, C.I.E. ; Lecturer etc.

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versity, Tokyo, Japan, 1878-83; author of (G. D.)

Indian History, Univ. Coll. London ; Fellow of
the Calcutta Univ.; Divisional Commissioner,

• Pneumatic Despatch,' 'Seismometer,' Sewer. DOBSON, Henry Austin, Principal, H.M.

age, 1894 and 1895, being the only native of India

'Siemens,' Steam Engine,' 'Strength of Board of Trade, to 1901 ; author of Hogarth'

Materials who attained that position in the last century;

in Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.,' in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.'; 'Proverbs author of a series of historical and social novels

"Treatise on Earthquake Measurement, Mag. in Porcelain,' 'Old-World Idylls,' 'At the Sign in Bengali, and a translation of the Rig Veda

netic Induction in Iron and other Metals, of the Lyre,' 'Collected Poems,' Thomas and other Sanscrit religious works into that

The Steam Engine and other Heat Engines, Bewick and his Pupils,' Lives of Fielding,


(J. A. E.) language; in English, Civilization in Ancient Steele, Goldsmith, Horace Walpole, William India, Lays of Ancient India,' Maha-bharata,' EXETER, Bishop of, Right Rev. Hogarth, Four Frenchwomen,' 'Eighteenth condensed into English verse, 'Ramayana,' con. Herbert Edward Ryle, D.D., B.A.; Century, Vignettes, 'A Paladin of Philan. densed into English verse, England and India, Warburton Lecturer 1899-1903 ; Fellow King's thropy,' etc.

(A. D.) 1785-1885 ; 'Famines in India.' (R. O. D.) College, Cambridge, 1881 ; Divinity Lecturer at


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Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1881-84; at and their Influenco on English Education,' Court, Chancery Division, 1877-83 ; Lord Justice King's College, 1882-86; Principal of St David's Educational Aims and Methods,' (J. G. F.) of Appeal, 1883-92; Fellow University of London College, Lampeter, 1886-88 ; Professorial Fellow

and Univ. Coll. London; Hon. Fellow of Balliol of King's College, Cambridge, 1888; examining PITZGERALD, Vice-Adml. Charles

Coll. Oxford; presided over the Royal Coin. chaplain to late Bishop of St Asaph, 1887-89, Cooper Penrose; Superintendent, Pem.

mission on the frish Land Acts, 1897-98; and to Bishop of Ripon, 1889; Hon. Canon of broke Dockyard ; second in command of the

author of 'Quakers' in Ninth Edition of Ripon, 1895; Chaplain to the Queen, 1898-1901 ;

China Station, 1898-1899; author of 'Boat Sail.

ing,' 'Life of Sir George Tryon.' Hulsean Professor of Divinity, Cambridge Uni.

(O. C. P. F.)

‘Ency. Brit.,' 'The Specific Performance of

Contracts,' British Mosses,' 'James Hack versity, 1887-1901, and President of Queens' FITZGERALD, J. D.

(J. D. F.) Tuke,' etc.

(E. F.) College, Cambridge, 1896-1901 ; author of "The FITZMAURICE-KELLY, James; correCanon of the Old Testament,' The Early

FULTON, Robert Burwell, A.M., LL.D.; Narratives of Genesis,' 'Commentary on Ezra

sponding member of the Spanish Academy ; Chancellor of the University of Mississippi ;

author of 'A History of Spanish Literature, and Nehemiah,' 'Philo and Holy Scripture,'

author of 'Mississippi, State' in Ninth Edition The Life of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, (H. E. E.)

of 'Ency. Brit.' etc.

(R. B. F.) etc.

(J. F.-R.)
FLEMING, C. J. N., B.A. ; Scottish Interna.
tional Football Player; member of Committee of

Scottish Rugby Football Union. (C. J. N. F.)
PAIRBAIRN, Andrew Martin, M.A.,

GADOW, Hans Friedrich, Ph.D., Hon. M.A.
D.D., LL.D.; Principal Mansfield Coll. Oxford; FLEMING, John Ambrose, M.A., D.Sc., Cambridge, F.R.S.; Strickland Curator and
Principal of Airedale Coll. 1877-1886; Chair:
F.R.S.; Pender Professor of Electrical Engineer

Lecturer on Zoology, Cambridge ;

British man of Congregational Union of England and ing, Univ. College, London; Fellow of Univ.

Museum, Natural History Department, 1880-82; Wales, 1883; Member of Royal Commission Coll. London ; author of 'Treatise on the Alter.

author of 'In Northern Spain,' 'A Classifica. on Secondary Education, 1894.95; author of nate Current Transformer,' 'Electric Lamps

tion of Vertebrata,' 'Aves in Bronn's Animal * Arminius,' Independents,' in Ninth Edition and Electric Lighting,' 'Magnets and Electric


Amphibia and Reptiles,' and papers of Ency. Brit.,' 'Studies in the Life of Christ,' Currents,' 'A Handbook for the Electrical

in Royal Society Philosophical Transactions The City of God, ‘Religion in History and in

Laboratory and Testing Room.' (J. A. F.) and other scientific periodicals. (H. F. G.) Modern Life,' 'Catholicism, Roinan and Angli: FOOTE, Arthur De Wint; Superintendent GALLWEY, Lt. - Col. Henry Lionel, can, ,'The Philosophy of the Christian Religion,' of North Star Mining. Company, California ; etc. (A. M. F.)

C.M.G., D.3.0.; Deputy Commissioner and Member of the Ainerican Society_of_Civil

Consul, Niger Coast Protectorate; Acting PAIRBROTHER, William Henry, M.A., Engineers.

(A. DE W.F.)

Consul-General, 1896-98, Oil Rivers ProtectorLecturer in Philosophy, Lincoln College, Ox. FORBES, Dr H.O., LL.D., F.R.G.S.; Director

ate; in command of a Haussa company during forıl ; author of Philosophy of Thomas Hill

of Museums, Liverpool; author of 'A Natur. operations in Benin country, including capture Green.'

(W. H. F*.)
alist's Wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago,'

of Benin City, 1897, etc.

(H. L. G.) FAIRLIE, John A., Ph.D.; Asst. Prof. of Ad. etc.


GAMBLE, F. W., editor of "Junior Course ministrative Law, Univ. of Michigan; author of * Municipal Government.'

of Practical Zoology,''Flatworms and Mesozoa,' PORD, Worthington Chauncey, Public (J. A. FA.) Library, Boston, U.S.A.; Chief of Bureau of etc.

(F. W. GA.) PARMER, John Bretland, M.A., F.R.S. ; Statistics, U.S. Departınout of State, 1885-89, Professor of Botany, Royal College of Science, and of Bureau of Statistics, U.S. Treasury

GANNETT, Henry; Chief Geographer U.S. London ; Demonstrator of Botany, University of

Geological Survey, Chief Geographer 10th, Department, 1893-98; author of Ainerican

11th, and 12th U.S. Censuses; author of 'Idaho, Oxford, 1887.92; Fellow of Magdalen College, Citizen's Manual,' etc.

(W. O. F.) Oxford, 1889; Assistant Professor of Biology FORD, W. J., M.A.; author of 'A Cricketer

etc., in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 1892-95; author of 'Memoirs, chiefly Botanical

• Dictionary of Altitudes,' 'Statistical Atlas of and Cytological.'

(J. B. F.)
on Cricket.'
(W.J. F.) the U.S.,' etc.

(H. G*.) PARRAR, Very Rev. Frederic William,

FORTIER, Alcée, Litt.D.; Professor of GARCRE, Emile, M.I.E.E., F.Ş.S.; Manager D.D., F.R.S. ; Dean of Canterbury; Hulseau

Romance' Language, Tulane University, New of the Brush Electrical Engineering Co. ;

Orleans; sometime President of the Modern Lecturer at Cambridge; Bampton Lecturer at

Chairman Elect. Sect. London Chamber of Com: Oxford ; Chaplain to the Speaker of the House

Language Association of Ajnerica, and of the merce, 1884-88; Member of Council, Tramways of Commons, 1890-95; author of 'Jesus Christ

American Folk-Lore Society ; President of the and Light Railways Assoc.; author of 'Manual in Ninth Edition of Ency. Brit.,' The Life

Louisiana Historical Society since 1894; author of Electrical Undertakings,' joint-author of of Christ, The Life of St Paul," "The Early of Louisiana Studies,' 'Louisiana Folk Tales, * Factory Accounts."

(E. GA.) Days of Christianity, Darkness andre Dawn, FOSTER, Clement Le Neve, BA, D.Scor


(A. Fo.)

GARDNER, Ernest Arthur;. Yates Pro"The Bible, its Meaning and Supremacy,

fessor of Archæology, University College, etc. (F. W.F.) F.R.S. ; Professor of Mining at Royal School of

London ; Director of British School of ArchæPAUNCE, W. H. P., A.M., D.D.; Presi

Mines, London; Examiner in Mining for the

ology at Athens, 1887-95; author of 'Handdent of Brown University, Providence, Board of Education ; Geological Survey of

book of Greek Sculpture,' Journal of Hellenic R.I.

(W. H. P. F.)
Great Britain, 1860-65; H.M. Inspector of

Studies,' many articles on Greek art, archeology,
Mines, 1873-1901; author of 'Mining' in Ninth

and excavations, from PAUR, G., of the Egyptian Hall, Lon.

1882; joint-editor Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Ore and Stone

of the 'Journal of Hellenic Studies' since don,

(G. Fa.)
Mining,' etc.

(C. L. N. F.)

(E. GR.) PERGUSON, J.; editor of the 'Ceylon POSTER, Hon. John Watson, LL.D. ; Observer,' Tropical Agriculturist,'

ex-U.S. Minister to Mexico, Russia, and Spain;

GARDNER, J. Starkie, English Iron Worker author of 'Handbook to Ceylon,' manuals U.S. Secretary of State 1892-93, and Agent of

and Expert'; author of English Enamels,' 'Ironon Coffee, Tea, Gold, Geins, etc. (J. F.) the United States in the Behring Sea Arbitra.

work,' * Armour in England,' etc. (J. S. G.) PERRERO, Baron Augusto; editor of 'La


(J. W. Fo.) GARDNER, Percy, Litt.D., F.S.A.; Linc. Tribuna, Rome; author of ‘Nostalgie d'Amore'; FOSTER, Sir Michael, _D.C.L., D.Sc.,

and Merton Professor of Classical Archaeology, edited From Florence to Rome: A Political LL.D., K.C.B., F.R.S., M.P.; Professor of Oxford University; Corresp. Member of the Diary of 1870-71,' etc.

(A. FE.) Physiology, Cambridge ; secretary R.S. ; Presi- Academy of Sciences, Göttingen ; Member of FFOULKES, Miss C. Jocelyn; translator

dent British Ass., 1899; author of Physiology'

the Archäological Institutes of Gerinany, of Morelli's ' Italian Painters,' etc.

Austria, America, Greece, etc.; Assistant at (C. J. F.)

in Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Text- Book
of Physiology,' 'Lectures on History of Physi.

British Museum, 1871; Fellow of Christ's FIDLER, H.; Civil Engineer, head of Technical ology'; joint-editor of Scientific Memoirs of College, Cambridge, 1872; Disney Professor Staff Department of Civil Engineer-in-Chief, Thomas Henry Huxley,' etc.

(M. F.)

of Archæology, Cambridge, 1880; editor of Adiniralty ; editor of ' A Manual of Construc

'Journal of Hellenic Studies'; author of FOWLER, G. H., Ph.D. Leipsic; late Hon. tion,' etc.

(H. F.)
Secretary, Marine Biological Association, Ply-

Corinth,'. 'Ephesus,' in Ninth Edition of FIELD, Capt. A. Mostyn, R.N. ; F.R.A.S., mouth; edited · The Hydromedusa,' and

• Ency. Brit.,' The Parthian Coinage,' Sainos

and Samian Coins,' Types of Greek Coins,' F.R.G.S., "F.R.Met.S.; has worked for the

Leptomedusa,'Marshall's 'The Frog,' Erichson's Hydrographic Survey in various parts of the

Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias,'' New Scientific Progress in Entomology. (G. H. Fo.) world.

Chapters in Greek History,' 'Manual of Greek (A. M. F*) Fox, Francis, M.I.C.E. ; author of 'On the Antiquities' (with Mr. Jevons), 'Sculptured PILON, Pierre Marie Augustin; agrégé és Résults of Trials of Varieties of Iron Permanent Tombs of Hellas,' etc.

(P. G.) lettres ; French Critic; tutor to the late Prince Way,' and various papers on Ventilation, Imperial ; literary editor of the 'Revue Bleue'; Tunnelling,' etc.

(F. Fo.)

GARNETT, Richard, LL.D., C.B.; Assistant author of 'Le Mariago de Londres,' 'Histoire

in Library of British Museum, 1851 ; Super.

head of London Salvage de la Littérature Anglais, English Profiles," FOX, Major;

intendent of Reading Room, 1875; Keeper of and works the French and English


(F. J. F.)

Printed Books, 1890-1899; edited the British drama.

(A. Fı.) | FRANKLIN, Fabian, Ph.D.; editor of Museum Catalogue from 1881 to 1890; author Baltimore News,' Baltimore, U.S.A.; formerly

of 'Alexander VI.,' 'Anthology,'. 'Augustan FISHER, Alexander; English teacher and

Professor of Mathematics, Johns Hopkins History,' 'Byzantine Historians,' 'Chateau. specialist in the art of' enamelling; author of


(F. FR.) briand, Hazlitt,' 'Leigh Hunt,' etc., in technical articles in the 'Magazine of Art, the

Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Brit.,' 'Relics of ‘Studio,' etc.

(A. F1*) FRANTZ, Henri; art critic, "Gazette des
Beaux Arts,' Paris.

(H. FR.)

Shelley,' 'Life of Carlyle,' Life of Emerson,' FISHER, George Park, D.D., LL.D. ; Pro

Twilight of the Gods,' 'Life of Milton,' 'Age fessor of Ecclesiastical History,' Yale ; author FREAM, William, LL.D., F.G.S. F.L.S.,

of Dryden,' William Blake,'' A History, of F.S.S. ; Lecturer on Agricultural Entomology, of “The Reformation,' History of the Christian

Italian Literature,' 'Life of Edward Gibbon Church,' 'The Colonial Era,' etc. (G. P. F.) Edin. Univ. ; author of 'Eleinents of Agricul. Wakefield.'

(R. G.) ture, Soils and their Properties,''The Complete PISRE, John, LL.D., the late ; author of "Dis. Grazier,' etc.

(W. Fr.) GARNETT, William, M.A., Hon. D.C.L. covery of America,' - American Revolution,? | PREEMANTLE, Commander S., R.N.;

Durham; Sec. Technical Education Board,

London Co. Council; Whitworth Scholar “The Mississippi Valley in the Civil War,

part author of Nautical Terms and Phrases in * Cosmic Philosophy,' etc. (J. F1.)

(first); Demonstrator in Physics, Cambridge ; French and English,' etc.

(S. FR.)

Prof. of Math., Physics and Mechanics, UniPITCH, Charles H., in charge of the FRERE, Rev. Walter Howard, M.A. ; versity Coll., Nottingham; Principal, Durham

Indian Territory Section, U.S. Geological Superior of the Community of the Resurrection; Coll. of Science, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; author

(C. H. F.)
author of 'A New History of_the Book of

of 'Dynamics,' * Energy, 'Evaporation, FITCH, Sir Joshua Girling, M.A., LL.D.; Common Prayer,' 'Notes on the Early History Hydrometer' in the Ninth Edition of 'Ency. Chief Inspector of Training Colleges, retired

of the Use of 'Incense'; editor Bibliotheca Brit.,' 'Elementary Dynamics,' 'Elementary Musico - Liturgica,' 'The Marian Reaction,

Mechanics,' etc.

(W. G.) 1894; H.M. Inspector of Schools, 1863; Chevalier

etc. of the Legion of Honour ; Governor of St Paul's

(W. H. F.) GARSTANG, Walter, M.A., F.Z.S.;. late School, London, and Girton College, Cambridge: FRY, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward, B.A., D.C.L., Fellow of Lincoln Coll., Oxford ; Naturalist in aut hor of Lectures on Teaching,' The Arnolds LL.D., F.R.S., F.S.A., F.L.S.; Judge of High charge of Fishery Investigations, Marine Biol.





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