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of which is generally zoned with red or yellow in a highly ornamental manner. By means of this parachute the animal can casily pass from one tree to another for a distance of about thirty feet, descending at first, but as it ilproaches its destination rising a little so as to reach the tree with its head creet. They are very small, being usually not more than two or three inches long exclusive of the slender tail; and when the wings are expanded in the sunshine they more resemlile some strange insect than one of the reptile tribe.

Snakes.-Snakes are, fortumately, not so abundant or so obtrusive iis lizards, or the tropies woull be scarcely habitable. At first, indeel, the traveller is disposed to wonder that he does not see more of them, but he will soon find out that there are plenty; and, if he is possessed buy the usual horror or dislike of them, he may think there are too many. In the equatorial zone snakes are less troublesome than in the drier parts of the tropics, although they are probably more numerous and more varied. This is because the country is naturally a vast forest, and the snakes being all adapted to a forest life do not as a rule frequent gardens and come into houses as in India and Australia, where they are accustomed to open and rocky places. One camot traverse the forest, however, without soon coming upon them.

The slender green whip-snakes glide among the bushes, and may often be touched before they are seen. The case and rapidity with which these snakes pass tlırough bushes, almost without disturbing a leaf, is very curious. More dangerous are the green vipers, which lie coiled motionless upon foliage, where their colour renders it difficult to see them. The writer has often come upon


Dem while creeping through the jungle after birds or insects, and has sometimes only had time to draw back when they were within a few inches of his face. It is startling in walking along a forest path to see a long snake glide away from just where you were going to set slown your foot; but it is perhaps even more alarming to hear a long-lrwn heavy stur-r-r, and just to catch a glimpse of a serpent as thick as your leg and an un. kman number of feet in length, showing that you must have passed unheeling within a short di-tance of where it was lying. The smaller pythons are not how(Ver dangerous, and they often enter houses to catch in feel in the rats, and le rather liked by the batives. You will sometimes be toll, when sleeping in . Native house, that there is a large snake in the roof, and that you need not be disturbed in case you should hear it haunting after its prey. These serpents no doubt sometimes grow to an enormous size, but suci monsters

In Borneo, Mr. St. John states that he measured one twenty-six feet lony, probably the largest (17T measured by a European in the East. The great Water-boa of South America is believed to reach the largest size. Mr. Bates measured skins twenty-one feet long, but the largest cier met with by a European appears to be that described by the botanist, Dr. Gardiner, in his Truels in Brasil. It hall devoured a horse, and was found deal, entangled in the branches of a tree overhanging a river, into which it had been carried by a fool. It was nearly forty feet long. These creatures are said to seize and devour full-sized cattle on the Rio Branco; and from what is known of their habits this is by no means improbable.


illc rule.

Frogs and Toads.—The only Amphibia that often meet the traveller's eye in equatorial countries are the various kinds of frogs and toals, and esperially the clegant tree-frogs. When the rainy season begins, and dricil-up pools anil ditches become filled with water, there is a strange nightly concert produced by the frous, some of which croak, others bellow, while


have clanging, or chirruping, and not unmusical notes. roails and gardens one occasionally meets huge toads six or seven inches long ; but the most abundant and most interesting of the tribe are those adapted for an arboreal life, and hence called tree-froys. Their toes terminate in dises, by means of which they can cling firmly to leaves and stems. The majority of them are green or Irown, and these usually fecil at night, sitting quietly during the day so as to be almost invisible, owing to their colour and their moist shining skins so closely resembling vegetable surfaces. Many are beautifully marbled and spotted, and when sitting on leaves resemble large bertles more than frogs, while others are adorned with bright and staring colours; and these, as Mr. Belt has discovered, have nauseous secretions which render them meatalle, so that they have no need to conceal themselves. Some of these are bright blue, others are arlorned with yellow stripes, or have a red body with

Of the smaller tree-frogs of the tropics there must be hundreds of species still unknown to naturalists.

Nammals-Jonkeys. --The highest class of animals, the Mammalia, although sufliciently abundant in all cquatorial lands, are those which are least seen by the traveller. There is, in fact, only one group---the

blue legs.

monkeys—which are at the same time pre-eminently tropical and which make themselves perceived as one of the aspects of tropical nature. They are to be met with in all the great continents and larger islands, except Australia, New Guinea, and Madagascar, though the latter island possesses the lower allied form of Lemurs; and they never fail to impress the observer with a sense of the exuberant vitality of the tropics. They are preeminently arborcal in their mole of life, and are consequently most abundant and varial where vegetation reaches its maximum development. In the East we find that maximum in Dorneo, and in the West

African forests ; while in the West the great forest plain of the Amazon stands pre-eminent. It is near the cytator only that the great Inthropoiilipes, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and orang-utan are found, and they may be met with by any persevering explorer of the jungle. The gibbons, or long-ermed ipes,


in the Asiatic continent amd in Malaya, and they are more abundant both in species and individuals.

Their plaintive howling notes may often be liard in the forests, and they are constantly to be seen sporting at the summits of the loftiest trees, swinging suspended loy their long arms, or bounding from true to tree with incredible agility. They pass through the forest at a light of a hundred feet or more, as rapidly as a deer will travel along the ground beneath them. Other monkeys of various kinds are more abundant and usually less shy; and in places where fire-arms are not much used they will approach the houses and gambol in the trees undisturbed by the approach of man.

The most remarkable of the tiled monkeys of the East is

have a

the proboscis monkey of Borneo, whose long fleshy nose gives it an aspect very different from that of most of its allies.

Iu tropical America monkeys are even more abundant than in the East, inil they present many interesting peculiwrities. They differ somewhat in dentition and in other structural features from all rol Worlel apes, and a considerable number of them have prehousile tails, a peculiarity never found clsewhere. In the howlers and the spiler monkey's the tail is very long and powerful, am ly twisting the extremity round a Loranch the animal can hang suspended as easily is other moukeys can by their hands. It is, in fact, a fifth hand, nel is constantly used to pick up small whoject from the ground. The most remarkable of the American monkeys are the bowlers, whose tremendous rouring excels that of the lion or the bull, im is to be heard frequently at morning and evening in the primeval forests. The sound is produced by means of a large, thin, bony vessel in the throat, into which air is forred; and it is Vory remarkable that this one group of monkeys should possess an organ not found in any other monkey or even in any other mammal, arrarently for no other purpose than to be able to make a louder noise than the rest. The only other monkeys worthy of special attention are the mammosets, beautiful little creatures with crests, whiskers, or manes ; in outward form resembling squirrels, but with a very small monkey-like fare. They are either Wack, brown, roddih, or nearly white in colour, and are the smallest of the monkey tribe, some of them being only about six inches long exclusive of the tail.

Burs Almost the color other oviler of mammals that

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