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imon

LONDON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1863. very materially deceived by Malone having, upon

mere conjecture, attached the Ardens of WilmCONTENTS.-No 89.

cote (Shakespeare's maternal ancestors) to the NOTES:- Shakspeariana: Shakespeare Genealogy -“The

Visitation family of Arden of Parkball, in WarMerchant of Venice - Backare -"All's Well that Ends Well” -“Et tu, Brute!": Cæsar's Deafness --Letters of

wickshire. Mr. Hunter requests his readers to Shakspeare and Nell Gwynne, 201

- North Aston, Oxford- 6 bear in mind that Robert Arden, of Wilmecote, #shire, 204 — Knitting Song, 205 — The Cobra and the Mon

was a gentleman, and entitled to the same coat-armour MINOR NOTES:- The Irish Queen Victoria - Register of

which this testator used (John Arden, esquire for Lord Clyde's Birth -- Rhymes to Dickens and Thackeray the body to Henry the Seventh)," (p. 34), and Vadloe: John Wadloe - Nicholas Hilliard –

again, though we owe nothing to the heralds Epitaph, curious, to Joseph Taylor, 1732 - The Druids The Term Gun-Mize or Mise, 206.

for the line of Arden of Wilmecote beyond the QUERIES: - Ancestry and Arms wanted - Anonymous

assertion that they were gentlemen of worship, and "Les Anglais s'amusent tristement” -- Ballsbridge, near entitled to the ancient arms of Arden," &c. (p. 35). Dublin – Ballad – Bell Inscription at New Romney, Kent But, in making these admissions, Mr. Hunter now of Wales -- Parody on Campbell's “Hohenlinden" - Dag- appears to have been entirely misled by Malone, nia Family – French Wines in 1749 — Portraits of John. The heralds did not allow to Shakespeare's mother son - Lewes and its Annual Commemoration - Arms of Milan - Battle of Naseby - Orbis Centrum - Paper mak.

the arms of the Warwickshire family of Arden : ing in Ireland - Public Servants, &c., 208.

which were those used by the said John Arden ; QTERIES WITH ANSWERS : Gloucestershire Songs -- Au; but they assigned to her (with a martlet for dif

thor Wanted - Clerkenwell --- Quotation Wanted - Grand ference) the wholly distinct coat of Arden of Jury - Mikotzi - The Prayer for the High Court of Par. liament - To“ buzz” the Bottle - Gibbon, 210,

Cheshire: whilst other documents (which have REPLIES :- The Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jeru. been published by Mr. Collier) show that Robert salem, 212– Laws of Lauriston, 214 – Fast, 215 -- Greek Arden of Wilmcote was not a gentleman, but a Pronunciation-Lord High Treasurer of England-Scott's

"husbandman” only, in the year 1550. The “ Lay of the Last Minstrel " - The Balmoral " Memorial Cairn”. I know no more than the Pope — Theodolite poet's pretensions to gentle descent are thus reBockart, or Boshart — Coatbridge: Strange Production

moved on the mother's side as well as the father's. from a Blast Furnace – Epigrams - John Locke, the Phi. losopher - Potwalloping Franchise - Peter Paul Rubens This discovery reads two important lessons; “The Intrepid Magazine," &c., 216.

one, that an error, once committed by an author Notes on Books, &c.

of estimation, may be repeated by a long train of

followers, and even critical and controversial fol. Notes.

lowers, without question or suspicion; the other,

that the devices of heraldry are really able to lend SHAKSPEARIANA.

substantial aid in the prosecution of biographical SHAKESPEARE GENEALOGY. In the new No. and historical investigations.

M. N. S. (the 6th) of The Herald and Genealogist, is an article entitled “ Shakespere's Home" (being a

“ THE MERCHANT OF VENICE" (3rd S. iv. 122.) review of the Rev. Mr. Bellew's volume so called), 1. Portia, Act II. Sc. 1. In suggesting the which contains a remarkable correction of an

change from temple to table, MR. KEIGHTLEY has ancient error with regard to the ancestry of the great poet. It will be remembered that, in the not, I think, sufficiently considered the time and

scope of the action. All oaths of chivalry, and, grants of arms made to his father, John Shake- indeed, all solemn oaths of that period, were, as a speare, it was asserted that his

rule, taken in churches. That this is distinctly " Parentes and late antecessors were for theire valeant mentioned only in the case of the Prince of Moand faithfull service advanced and rewarded by the most prudent prince King Henry the Seventh of famous me

rocco, and that in morie, sythence whiche tyme they have continewed at “ The Prince of Arragon hath ta’en his oath, those partes in good reputacion and credit.”

And comes to the election presently," This assertion the biographers have usually it is only shown that the oath was taken elsewhere attributed to the Ardens, the ancestors of John than in the casket-room ; and that in the scene Shakespeare's wife, and not to his own; and such, where Bassanio chooses there is no mention even notwithstanding the earnest remonstrances of Mr. of the oath, is merely due to this,—that ShakeBellew, is clearly shown to be the right view by speare, having sufficiently noted the course of the critic before us. But the criticism proceeds action in the minor and unrepresented portion of further, and shows that Mr. Hunter, in his New the plot, did not unnecessarily repeat himself in Illustrations of Shakespeare, whilst he gently ex- what he held to be a scenic “ Abridgement" of a pressed a doubt (i. 37) whether those grants to true history. Possibly the more vague word Arden, which Mr. Malone published, actually "temple” may have been chosen of purpose. But belonged to Arden of Wilmcote (a doubt now I take it (and this is my chief reason for writing this confirmed by their being proved to have belonged note) that this Prince of Morocco, as well as some to Arden of Yoxall, in Staffordshire), was still other romance Moors, was not a Mussulman at

ance

all, but that the existence of the great Christian Joint | by joint / but we I will know | bis pur | pose. churches of Northern Africa was considered suf- What, I unjust!

Duke.

Be not / so hot; | the Duke. " ficient ground for making a Moor either a Chris

Id. Act V. Sc. 1. tian or Moslem at any indefinite period of bis

Shyl. Of u sance for my monies, / and you'll | not tory, and as the exigencies of the story might

hear me, require. Had this Morocco potentate been a This 1 is kind | 1 of | fer. Moslem, bis religion and polygamic power would Ant.

This | were kind | ness." surely have been brought up against him by the

Merch. of Venice, Act I. Sc. 3. misliking Portia. In like manner, and for the “ Ant. To view l with hol | low eye and wrink | led like reasons, Othello was a Christian; and had he

brow! been a convertite or renegade, Iago, if none other, An age 1 of pov's / ty; from | which ling | 'ring pení would have made this, or his infidel birth, a cause of such mis' | ry doth | she cut | me off.”. of reproach. So too, Mulinassar, in Webster's

Id, Act IV. Sc. 1. Vittora Corombona, is associated with Knights of "Oliv. Enough | is shown; | a cy I press not | a bo / som Malta; and the bare statement that he is a Chris- Hides | my heart; / so let | me hear | you speak.” tian is accepted without remark, and as requiring

Twelfth Night, Act III. Sc. 1. no explanation. Lastly, the most Christian king Will MR. KEIGHTLEY allow me to take this of Naples is represented as marrying his daughter opportunity of apologising for (inadvertently for Claribel, without a scruple, and without even

a long time) omitting to answer a query he put causing a reflection on his own character, to the to me regarding “ gossamer”? If I can find some king of Tunis; yet, if the latter had been a mislaid memoranda, I will put them in brief Moslem, this (like Othello's marriage) would have before him.

Bexy. Easy, been an act so contrary to the laws of the church, and to the most cherished opinions of the age,

Where could Portia's suitors men of as that neither Shakespeare nor his contemporaries, many creeds as countries, whom “the four winds nor those whom he followed, would have ventured blew from every coast” – have taken their on introducing it, except to increase our detesta- prescribed oath só fitly as in the church of Bel. tion of some impious despot or villain.

mont? “Bring me unto my chance," cries the 2. “Of such misery doth she cut me off.” impatient Moor. “First, forward to the temple,"

Merchant of Venice, Act IV. Sc. 1. answers the punctilious heiress, who, knowing In eking out this line by the addition of the religion of her swarthy wooer, intends the deep,”

,” MR. KEIGHTLEY has followed a practice church by that general designation—" after dinner first commenced by the editors of the second folio, your hazard shall be made." Independently of and one which has proved a snare to many sub- this præ-condition, whereon the collateral story sequent editors. Before we alter Shakespeare's of our drama rests, " to the table," is a phrase more verses, we ought to be sure that we know the germane to the hospitalities of a farm-house dame laws of versification followed by Shakespeare. I than of a palatial lady ; qufs au Christophe Colomb have not sufficiently investigated it, but I would

were not likely to find a place in the Belmont menu. submit the following as worthy of examination.

Carelessly as his immediate copyists or printers That in some plays, and in some instances where corrupted Shakspeare's texta line ends with a redundant syllable, such syl

“ a beauteous scarf lable, if strong, and if not easily joining with,

Veiling an Indian beauty," or if not easily absorbed by the preceding sylla- MR. KEIGHTLEY's feature is hardly less satisfactory ble, or if joining in continuous sense and rhythm than Hanmer's dowdy, or Walker's gipsy : Ben with the succeeding syllable, is to be considered Jonsonian it certainly is, but too pedantic for our as completing the next line, so that the redundant poet. Let me attempt to restore the antithesis of and imperfect lines form together two perfect lines. the passage: As examples, I would adduce the following: - “ Thus ornaments are but the guiled shore « Pros. How thou | camest here | thou mayest. |

Of a most dangerous sea; the beauteous scarf

Veiling an Indian Deity.Mir.

But that I do not. Pros. Twelve / year since, 1 Miran | da, twelve

The oriental idols being, as travellers tell us,

year since.-Tempest, Act I. Sc. 2.

gaudily attired, and awfully ugly. Duke. Your safe | ty man | ifest | ed.

“Gilded timber do worms enfold " has neither Prov.

I'm your free | depen | dant. rhythm nor syntax. Rowe's woods claims cousinDuke. Quick, despatch, and send the head | to

ship with timber; and Johnson's tombs is co-parAng’lo.—Measure for Measure, Act IV. Sc. 3. · Escal. To call | him villain, and then I to glance

cener in three of its six letters, but his reading from him

seems more apposite to the scroll of “carrion To th' Duke | himself to tax | him with | injust | ice !

death." Take | him hence, 1 to th' rack | with him! | We'll Antonio's interruption of his earnest advocate

“I pray you, think you question with the Jew,"

touse you

66

names

presents nothing to be added or explained. It is “ The masculine gender is more worthy than the femisimply this: bethink you with whom you are argu

nine. ing. It is not a term of supposition or of opinion,

Therefore, Licio, Backare.”

Lyly, Mydas, Act I. Sc. 2. not as Iago nor as Othello's think

“ Backare, you are marvellous forward.” " I did not think he had been acquainted with her." “What dost thou think ?"

Taming of the Shrew. Act II. Sc. 1. “My Lord, you know I love you.

As would appear from Heywood, and Lyly, I think thou dost;"

Backarè was supposed to signify “go back! but of recollection:

This, however, would account only for the first “We come to have the warrant.

syllable; and I suspect that the original meaning Well thought upon ; I have it here about me.”

may have been quite different. May not Morti

Richard III. mer's sow have been a brindled one ? and he have “ I have bethought me of another fault.”

called her bigarrée, i. e. brindle, which, being corMeasure for Measure.

rupted into backarè, may then have been thought And as Shakspeare elsewhere uses mind for re

to come from back?

Tuos. KEIGHTLEY. mind

Belvidere, Kent. “Let me be punished, who have minded you Of what you should forget.”

“ ALL'S WELL THAT ENDS WELL" (3rd S. iv. Noticing these differences, "stint your question,” | 107.) - Mr. Easy's conjecture as to the meaning appears to me as needless as it is harsh.

of the initials E. and G., in the stage directions of One slight substitution, a for the, would mate- the first folio of Alls Well that Ends Well, has rially effect — improve, I venture to say, the whole been anticipated by Capell in his notes on the passage.

play. As one of the editors of the Cambridge “I pray you think you question with a Jew," Shakspeare, I may be permitted to add that we exemplifying Antonio's general scorn and hatred had independently come to the same conclusion as of the whole race. · With a Jew," with him, then MB. Easy with regard to the meaning of the and there present, its type and monograph, than “ Charbon” and “Poysam," and that our whom, in the Christian merchant's vehement note containing this conclusion was in the printer's exergesia, waves, wolves, and winds, are less un- hands several days before MR. Easy's note appersuadable. If this reading be not, as possibly peared.

W. ALDIS WRIGHT. it is, in some early edition of our poet, I willingly Trin. Coll., Cambridge. accept the peril of its suggestion.

Agreeing with MR. KEIGHTLEY in the evident “ ET TU, BBUTE!”: Cæsar's DEAFNESS.—Can loss of a syllable —

any of your correspondents tell me whence Shak. from which lingering pedance

speare derived the expression, “Et tu, Brute!" Of such , misery doth she cut me off,"

which he puts into the mouth of Julius Cæsar ? I think the simple article a preferable to any epi

I cannot find them in any ancient writer. Plus thet for its suppletion. If one there must be, tarch, from whom most of the materials for this let it be reasonably relative to its subject, not play are taken, does not give them; and Suetovague and general.

nius gives a somewhat similar expression, but in

Greek. I am glad to conclude with the ready acceptance of MR. KEIGHTLEY's emendatory of for or,

Shakspeare makes Cæsar say: so happily enforcing Portia's denunciation, Act

“ Come on my right hand, for this ear is deaf." IV. Sc. 1. Never was the effect of one letter's Is there any authority for this ? F. G. change made more evident than in this, and his [Sbakspeare's authority for this exclamation, "Et tu, almost equally concise substitution of we for who Brute! would appear to have been in the old play enin Lenox's fine irony

(so fine as to be positively printed in 1600, on which he formed his Third Part of transparent), Macbeth, Act III. Sc. 6. Were a King Henry VI.:French newswriter or pamphleteer to be half as “ Et tu, Brute! wilt thou stab Cæsar too?” ironical, Monsieur Persigny's successor would not

The same line is also found in Acolastus his Afterwitte, by be slow in sending him a caution.

S. Nicholson, printed in the same year. So in “ Cæsar's EDMUND LENTHAL SWIFTE. Legend,” Mirror for Magistrates, 1587:

And Brutus thou, my sonne, quoth I, whom erst I BackARÈ. — This strange word was in use in loved best." the sixteenth century, but apparently without any Malone conjectures that the Latin words appeared just idea of its origin:

originally in the old Latin play, Epilogus Casaris Inter“ Ah Sir! Backare, quod Mortimer to his sowe.”

fecti, by Richard Eedes; played at Christ Church, OxRoister Doister, Act I. Sc. 2.

ford, in 1582.) “ Backarè, quoth Mortimer to his sow: Went that sow back at his bidding, trow you?”

LETTERS OF SHAKSPEARE AND NELL GWYNNE.-
Heywood, Epigrams.

Can
any

reader of “ N. & Q." throw light upon

66

the following paragraph, which is to be found in first Bowles, Charles Oldfield Bowles, held it the Monthly Mirror for October, 1802, p. 281?- nearly till his death in 1862. “ Besides these two original letters of Shakespeare,

Bradenstoke Priory, in Wiltshire, held the imaddressed to Thomas, Lord Buckhurst, which have been propriate tithes and the advowson of the vicarage lately discovered among the Dorset Papers, the Corre till the dissolution. The Commissioners for taking spondence of Dryden, Otway, Lee, Sedley, and Prior, account of Chantries suppressed by 1 Edward VI. with Charles Earl of Dorset, is most valuable. The

c. 14 (1547), found that the parish of North Aston letters of Nell Gwynn to that nobleman throw light on

contained “certaine land of the yearly value of some of the secret measures of Charles II.'s reign, and are extremely interesting from the anecdotes contained twentypence given to the fyndyng of a lampe in them. It was at the express desire of the late Duke lyght within said parish church, by whom unof Dorset that the Duchess is now giving these papers to known." the Public."

In 1717, Esquire Churchill gave 101. to the Was this a literary hoax ? If not, what has poor of this parish, but Mr. Dodwell (his lawyer become of the letters

INQUISITOR.

probably) kept 1l. for his trouble, so that William Wing and Richard May, the churchwardens,

would only acknowledge it in their account-book NORTH ASTON, OXFORDSHIRE.

as a gift of 91. The Charity Commissioners of

1822 found this charity still existing, the 92. havThe writer of an article on “Judge Page” in ing been made up to 101., which were then in the one of your numbers for January, 1862, having hands of Mr. Bowles, who paid 10s. per annum incorrectly named North Aston as the place of for interest, and 21. 10s. for rent of a piece of abode of that once famous functionary, I took the meadow land, which, with other moneys, were liberty of correcting your correspondent in a

distributed yearly among the poor in coal or letter, which you did me the favour to insert on

blankets. This piece of meadow land is defined Feb. 22, 1862, showing that Middle Aston, within by boundary stones, one of which is a hideous the parish of Steeple Aston, was the site of Page's gurgoyle of about three feet in height from the mansion (destroyed in 1805), and that he had soil as it now stands. nothing to do with North Aston. Some particu

The parish contains a farm belonging to the lars as to that parish (North Aston) may be in- trustees of a charity created for the benefit of the teresting, and not the less so that the manor,

poor of Hendon in Middlesex, of the origin of mansion, impropriate tithes, and principal landed which charity I know nothing. A tithe rent charge estate in it bave recently changed by purchase is paid in respect of this farm to the impropriator from the family of Bowles to that of Foster- (Mr. Melliar), and another to the vicar.

Similar Melliar; and that modern improvements are obli- payments are made in respect of another farm in terating some ancient features and customs.

this parish, which forms the endowment of the The church closely adjoins the mansion, and rectory of Rowtham. And the following article contains an oak pulpit the gift of Lady Howard from a local newspaper of July 27th last appears in or about 1720, with a shield handsomely, en- noteworthy at the present time : graved upon it, not very correct in its heraldry, but curious as giving the crests of every family “North Aston contains a meadow called Bestmoor, then owning real property in the parish, that of consisting of about forty acres, abutting upon the main an ancestor of the writer among others. The

stream of the Cherwell, from which the farmers of Dun's rood-loft staircase remains. There are several

Tew from time immemorial have had the privilege of mural tablets ; one being to the memory of Ber- taking the first mouth for hay, the after-feed belonging to

the proprietor of the principal estate in North Aston, or nard Gates, the musical composer, in the inscrip- his tenant. tion on which Gates is said to have held at court

“It is understood that an arrangement has recently the appointment of “Tuner of the Regals ” (Qy. been entered into, whereby Sir H. W. Dashwood, as What were his duties ?); and under the arch, principal owner of Dun’s Tew, the vicar of that parish, and between the chancel and a chantry chapel, are

Mr. Preedy, of Bloxham, relinquish the privilege of them

selves and their tenants, in the hay crop of Bestmoor, the recumbent figures on an altar-tomb of a and W. M. Foster-Melliar, Esq., becomes the owner of knight and lady in fine preservation, said to be its entirety. Thus is one inore mixed ownership, in the Sir John Anne and Alice his wife, of the date of Cherwell valley absorbed, to the probable improvement of 1426.

the drainage of the meadow in question, and the benefit Lord Brooke held the manor at the period of being brought to the utmost perfection. Six, at least,

of all who are interested in the growth of natural hay the Great Rebellion. A descendant of the mixed ownerships in the valley have been extinguished Brooke family devised it to a Fermor, under in the last sixty years. whom the widow of Sir Robert Howard had a “Up to the present year Bestmoor Meadow-mowing: lease of it for life. Charles Bowles acquired it by out by boys through the standing herbage, each farmer

has been a rural holiday. Backways having been trod purchase in 1746 ; his son Oldfield Bowles held in Dun's Tew has sent as strong a staff of mowers as he it till his death in 1812, and the grandson of the could procure, who, during the dark hours of an early July

morning, have plodded the spot, in order to commence

1. Yahn. operations with the first streak of dawn, and to complete

2. Tavhn. their work, if possible, by nightfall. A few hours later

3. Tether. the meadow became alive with haymakers; beer and

4. Mether. provisions were abundant, and the scene sometimes closed

5. Mimph. with one of those almost inseparable termini of rural fes

6. Hithher. tivities, a scrimmage.

7. Lithher. “During the winter months the tap-room of the village

8. Auver. alehouse resounded from time to time with self-laudation

9. Dauver. of their prowess 'in the field and in the fight of the

10. Dic. Bestmoor Meadow mowers.

11. Yahn-dic. “ All these matters will now be as obsolete as Bradlen

12. Tayn-dic. stoke Priory, which was once owner of the afterfeed of

13. Tether-dic. the meadow in question, and the mowing and removal of

14. Mether-dic. its produce will probably for the future be as quiet an

15. Mimph-it (potius mumphit). affair as that of an upland piece of sainfoin; but I have

16. Yahn-a-miinphit. thought it worth while to become the historian of Best

17. Tayhn-a-mimphit. moor by writing this letter.

18. Tether-a mimphit. “ Similar tenures existed in the parish I date from,

19. Mether-a-mimphit. whence the first grass of two meadows used to be hauled

20. Jig-it.” to Wootton and Glympton, six miles to the south-west; and a century ago the farmers of this place had the pri chant by means of modern orthography, but I

It is difficult, of course, to convey this rude vilege of the afterfeed of a meadow in Lower Heyford, called Broadhead, after the farmers of the latter place had think the attempt has not been without success. secured the hay crop, which they were by custom obliged

R. S. T. to do by a fixed day; and some half a score similar privileges may yet be traced out between Charwelton and Magdalen Bridge at Oxford.”

THE COBRA AND THE MONGOOSE.

WILLIAM WING. Steeple Aston.

Enclosed is a cutting from a Madras newspaper, which I am sure is worthy of a place in your

columns. The point has long been a disputed KNITTING SONG.

one: whether the mongoose owes its impunity

from the cobra's bite to the knowledge of an All readers of Southey's Doctor — and I hope antidote, or whether the serpent's poison had no there are many – must remember the affecting effect on the animal. This question is at last story of Betty Yewdale, given in interchapter settled ; and as the only carefully drawn up ao

She tells how she and her sister were count of a fight between the cobra and monsent, to learn the art of knitting socks, from goose I have ever seen, I trust you will make a Langdale to Dentsdale, in Yorkshire :

Note of it. “ Than we ust at sing a mack of a sang, whilk we were

W. Kincaid, Capt. 22nd Reg. M.N.I.

Bangalore. at git at t'end on at every needle, ca'ing ower t'neams of o't fwoak in t' Deaal — but Sally an me wad never ca'

FIGHT BETWEEN A MONGOOSE AND A COBRA. Dent Fwoak - sea we ca’ed Langdon Fwoak. T'sang

“ DEAR Sir, — We think the long vexed question,

whether the mongoose on being bitten by the cobra re“Sally an’I, Sally an' I,

tires into the jungle and finds some herb an antidote for For a good pudding pre,

the poison, or whether the venom of the serpent produces Taa hoaf wheat, an' tudder hoaf rye,

no effect on the animal, has been at last settled. Sally an' I, for a good pudding pye.'

“On Saturday morning last whilst seated in the Mees

House with several officers of the regiment, a servant “ We sang this (altering t’ neams) at every needle: and

came and stated that a snake had been seen by one of the when we com at tend cried 'off,' an' began again, an' guard to enter a hole in the ground, close to where the sae we strave on o't' day through."

guard was; we immediately sent for a mongoose (a tame

one, the property of an officer), and put bim to the hole. This extract gives a good idea of what is meant He soon began to scratch away the earth, and in half an by “ a Knitting Song." I now beg to give one in hour a fine cobra, about a yard long, came forward, with use only a very short time ago, if not even at the bead erect and hood distended, to attack the mongoose; present day, by the knitters in the sun in Wens- who seemed to care nothing for the reptile, but merely leydale. It has been communicated to me by a

jumped out of the way to avoid the blows which the most trustworthy friend, who learnt it from an just been fed, consequently did not show sufficient in.

snake struck at him. The mongoose unfortunately had old woman, a parishioner. Though it simply con- clination to go in at him and kill him; so we secured sists of numerals up to twenty, it is most curious ; the snake and carried him over to the officer's quarters to and seeing that it is evidently in the Norse lan- have the contest carried out there, after the mongoose guage, must have lingered in the Dale a thousand should have had some little time to get over his break

fast. years. I give an exact copy from my friend's

“ After a couple of hours rest, we placed the cobra in writing

a room with closed doors (we having, in the mean time,

XXIV.

was

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