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foundation of the Gloucestershire Society, namely, in the way books, or in the manuscript treasures of the British year 1657. The account is taken, in an abridged form, Museum and State Paper Office will, we conceive, be very from the Report of that Society for 1855.-We fear that acceptable. the other song, “True Blue," will only be found in the There is one curious matter somewhat connected with Gloucestershire papers. 7

this locality, namely, the History of the Stroud Green AUTHOR WANTED. There has lately come un

Corporation, which seems to require further elucidation.

From the little that is known of it, it appears that when der my notice a small 8vo volume, bound in vel- the Comic Muse took refuge in theatrical buildings, the lum, and extending to 296 pages; others being ancient Society of Parish Clerks became divided - some lost, as well as the title-page and latter part of turned their genius to wrestling and mimicry at Barthe dedication. The title appears to be Naturall tholomew Fair, whilst others, for iheir better administraand Artificiall Directions for Health. The "Epistle Aldermen, and

Recorder of Stroud Green, assembling at Dedicatorie” is addressed to Sir Francis Bacon, the Old Crown in Merry Islington; but still saving their Knight, &c. It is a very curious, quaint, and right to exhibit at the Old London Spaw, formerly Clerks' clever book, evidently the work of a man of intel-Well, when they might happen to have learned sheriffs ligence

and learning; and I am desirous of knowing Even so late as the year 1774 (according to Lewis's who he was.

This is the “fift Impression," and Islington, p. 281), the members of this ancient Society the author intimates that he is “engaged for a were accustomed to meet annually in the summer time Plantation in the Southerne parts of Newfound- at Stroud Green, near Hornsey Wood House, and to regale land;" that he had travelled in Spain, Hungary, themselves in the open air; the number of persons drawn and Italy. Alludes to his “worthy cousen Sir

to the spot on these occasions produced a scene similar Thomas Button," the navigator; and to "a little should consult

the records of the Society of Parish Clerks.

to that of a country wake or fair. Our correspondent Treatise of mine, De Sphærarum ordine, among The hall of the Company is in Silver Street, Wood other poems, imprinted at London, 1598." Also, Street.] to a work of his called The Spirit of Detraction coniured and convicted, and the Golden Groue." His of Derby, which I read at the time it was de

QUOTATION WANTED.-In a speech of the Earl initials may be “B. R.". If the author be not livered, his Lorship quoted the following line :sufficiently well known, these allusions may help, to identify him. Chap. x., on “ Tobacco-taking,"

“My wound is great, because it is so small." is especially quaint and amusing, and contains It seemed quite familiar to me, as I doubt not some very good advice withal to smokers.

it is to you; but hitherto I have failed to remem

W. W. S. ber its author. Pray help me; that is, if it be (The author of the works noticed by our correspondent not a breach of privilege to notice language used is Willian Vaughan, son of Walter Vaughan, Esq., of in the House of Lords.

R. C. H. Golden Grove, in Caermarthenshire, and younger brother

[This quotation is attributed to Dryden in connection of Sir John Vaughan, the first Earl of Carbery. William

with the following incident :-“In one of Dryden's plays was born in 1577, and studied at Oxford. The most im

there was this line, which the actress endeavoured to portant event of his life was founding a colony in the speak in as moving and affecting a tone as she could : southernmost part of Newfoundland, to which he gave the name of Cambriol, afterwards called Britanniola, where he

My wound is great, because it is so small!' was living in 1628, but the time of his death is unknown. And then she paused, and looked very distressed. The The first work noticed above is entitled, Directions for Duke of Buckingham (George Villiers), who was in one Health, both Naturall and Artificiall : Approued and de

of the boxes, rose immediately from his seat, and added rived from the best Physitians, as well moderne as auncient, in a loud ridiculing voice London, 12mo, 1602, 1607, 1617. For some account of • Then 'twould be greater, were it none at all !' the author and his other works, consult Wood's Athena Ozon., by Bliss, ii. 905; Chalmers's Biog. Dict.; and

which had such an effect on the audience, who before Williams's Biog. Dict. of Eminent Welshmen, 8vo, 1852, the poor woman off the stage, would never bear her ap:

were not very well pleased with the play, that they hissed p. 514.]

pearance in the rest of her parts; and as this was only CLERKENWELL. I shall be greatly obliged if the second time of its performance, made Dryden lose his

benefit night." any reader of “ N. & Q." will favour me with

A condensed notice of this pretty story is given in information relative to the history of Clerkenwell. Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors, by Park, iii. 806, I am now editing the late Mr. Pinks's Chronicles where it is added that “ the play was instantly damned." of that parish, and shall be glad to have assistance it is more circumstantially narrated by Genest (Hist. of in my work, however small the assistance may be.

the Stage, i. 117), who quotes Malone as his authority. EDWARD J. Wood.

Malone (in Dryden's Prose Works, iv. 190) refers us to

Spence. Spence (Anecdotes, edit. 1820, p. 103, and edit. Myddelton House, Clerkenwell.

1858, p. 47) found it among the gossiping jottings of [The request made by our correspondent is not suffi. Dr. Lockier, Dean of Peterborough. But not one of these ciently definite, as probably he would receive many papers writers has favoured us with the title of the play or the which were known to Mr. Pinks, who devoted several years name of the actress. Dryden's next editor may probably in making researches connected with this parish. Such be able to clear up this matter. ] works as Stow, Maitland, and Malcolm, in addition to Cromwell's History of Clerkenwell, have doubtless been

GRAND JURY.-Can you inform me from what well digested; but particulars of the parish in out-of-the- data, whether from the returns of the assessed

taxes, or others, lists of persons liable to serve on of mythology will most probably be succeeded by the the Grand Jury are compiled ?


introduction of some other mode of superstition. It

occurs towards the close of chap. xv. In the one volume [In the first week of July in every year, the clerk of edition of 1830, at p. 199.] the peace for the county, through the high constable, issues a precept to the church wardens and overseers of each parish for an alphabetical list of every man qualified and liable to serve on juries; copies of this list are to be

Replies. fixed on the church doors on the first three Sundays in September. The lists are afterwards delivered by the high constable to the next court of quarter sessions, from

THE KNIGHTS HOSPITALLERS OF ST. JOHN OF which the sheriff selects the names of all persons described

JERUSALEM.* as an esquire, or person of higher degree, as a banker or merchant. The various qualifications are defined by the

(3rd S. iv. 92.) statute 6 & 7 Geo. IV. c. 50, s. 27. The jurymen of the London sessions are summoned by a precept in the names

I was in hopes that this discussion would have of the justices tested by the Lord Mayor; one panel only drawn from MAJOR PORTER, or some advocate of is for the grand and petty juries, from which twenty-three the pretensions of the Langue, a detailed explannames are first taken by ballot for the grand jury, and ation of that mysterious proceeding—their found. twelve others for the petty jury. Blackstone's Commen-ation; with the names of those, both French and taries by Kerr, iii. 388, ed. 1857; and 2nd Report of Spanish, who assisted at and confirmed the transMunicipal Corporations, p. 135.]

action. The Synoptical Sketch (p. 24) mentions: MIKOTZI. Can you, or any of your corre- the Count de Feuillasse and Chevalier de Chas.. spondents, find out for me the history of Mikotzi, telain ; neither of whom, certainly, are on the a Jewish Rabbi, mentioned by Bp. Patrick in roll of the French Knights of Justice. Mention his Commentary? I have looked into the usual is also made of an anonymous “Chancellor of the sources of information, the biographical diction

Gallic Languages.” Besides these, we have heard aries, into Bartolocci, Wolf, and Steinschneider, the name of the “ Mandataire Général" (whatever but in vain. I have looked also into Watt, that may be), whose name has also been heard Brunet, the Bodleian Catalogue, &c., but in vain. of in connection with certain law proceedings


in Paris against traffickers in spurious orders, Shoreditch.

titles, and diplomas of various kinds. We have [A full account of Rabbi Moses ben Rabbi Jacobi also the name of the “Agent General” employed Mikotzi may be seen in Bartolocci, iv. 75, et seq. There is by the soi-disant Capitular Commission, in the also a brief notice of him in Jöcher, Gelehrten-Lexicon, work of the revival of the Langue: to wit, iii. 709. Mikotzi is de Cotzi, i, e.. of Cozzo in Pied mont.]

respectable tailor in Waterloo Place (3rd S. iii.



may LIAMENT. — In Common Prayer Books of the last mention of the Langue in the Chancellerie of the

here observe, en passant, that there is no century, I have observed that the words,

Order, beyond some half-a-dozen loose sheets of sovereign and his kingdoms,” are used; but in correspondence in 1838, and again in 1841 or the more modern books, we pray for our sovereign and her dominions.” I beg to inquire at ciety to obtain some notice or recognition from

1844; an abortive effort on the part of that sowhat date this alteration took place, and by what the S. Council. authority it was effected ?

[The word Dominions was substituted for Kingdoms by we are told, assisted in the operation of reviving an Order of Council of January 1, 1901, at the legislative the Langue in 1826, I will observe that there are Union of Great Britain and Ireland.]

only thirteen Knights of Justice of the old Royal TO “BUZZ" THE BOTTLE. --A call to finish the Spanish Order in existence, all of whose names contents of a bottle, before refilling it with wine, are well known to me. is conveyed by the term to “buzz," and in some It was my fortune, some few years ago, and since places to “ buzzore

or “buzzoi" it. Whence my commissionership expired, to be the medium comes the expression ?

T. of communication between these old cavaliers and [It was conjectured by a correspondent in our 1st S. v. the S. Council. I took the opportunity to in187, that Buzz is a corruption of bouse, or booze, to drink quire of one of them, the Marquis d'A. (chief In Scotland they say." bouze a'," drink all.]

of the illustrious family of C., which has given GIBBON.—There is a passage in Gibbon's De

two Grand Masters, and a succession of gallant cline and Fall

, commencing, "So urgent on the knights to the Religion for centuries), whether vulgar is the necessity of believing," &c. Will any of the Spanish Royal Order had assisted offiany reader of “ N. & Q.” kindly refer me to the cially in the restoration of a Langue in England chapter where this passage is to be found ? D. in 1826, or at any other time.

[The entire passage reads: "So urgent on the vulgar is the necessity of believing, that the fall of any system

Concluded from "N. & Q." 3rd S. iy. 191.


w.w.s. With regard to the Languages of Spain, which,

to excess.

The Marquis d'A. ** assured me, in the first at any time been incidentally mentioned in my place, that neither he nor any of his confrères bad, official correspondence with the authorities of the to bis knowledge, even heard of a Langue of Langue as their commissioner, thereby leaving England; and that, in the next place, it was sim- it to be implied, with the characteristic veracity ply impossible that any of their body could have of that pamphlet, that the Langue was a legitiassisted, legally, at such a proceeding ; for to have mate branch of the Order of St. John, and, as such, done so, they must first have. secured the per- recognised by the Lieutenant of the Mastersbip mission of the Council of the Royal Spanish and S. Council of the Order. Order, which could not have been conceded with This cool and impudent assertion by implicaout an appeal to the king, and that the king tion of what was the very reverse of truth, coupled would not have granted the necessary powers with their thirty years' previous pretensions, if without some preliminary diplomatic understand left uncontradicted, might, even in a legal point

ing with the ministers of England and France. of view, have amounted to a virtual acknowledge• So that we may conclude that the assertion is as ment on the part of the Order of the justice of trustworthy and truthful as that of the revival the Langue's pretensions and assertions. Hence by the Grand Prior, Sir Robert Peat, of a lapsed the protest; and MAJOR. PORTER may rest ascorporation, by an oath before the Lord Chief sured that, but for this proceeding on the part of Justice Denman.

the Langue, no such protest would have been issued I have heard, by-the-way, that there is an against them any more than against another reentry in the parochial register of New Brentford spectable society, who, like the Langue, and with to the effect, ihat Sir Robert Peat took the sacra- about equal right, style themselves “Knights of ment on a certain day in the parish church, in St. John”; who, like the Langue too, meet occapursuance of the Corporation Laws of England, sionally for convivial purposes at the old gate of on his entering upon office as “ Lord Grand Prior Clerkenwell ; * and who, like the Langue again, of the Sixth, or English Language, of the Sover. bave issued their official papers and circulars from eign Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem;" the same ancient and interesting public-house. which act was attested by the Rev. the curate, All the observations of ANTIQUARIUS, who fol. the two churchwardens, and the parish clerk! lows in the wake of MAJOR PORTER, may be re(Shades of L'Isle Adam and La Valette!) Per- duced to one single proposition, viz. that at present haps some of your readers can, and will, verify this the Order of St. John of Jerusalem is neither so queer story.

rich, powerful, nor influential as it was one hunI shall not remark upon the rest of MAJOR dred years ago. PORTER's communication, which is merely a re- The fact of the decadency and comparative petition of the statements of the Syn. Sketch; insignificance of this celebrated confraternity, for nor (beyond a reply to the query that preludes so many ages the pride as well as bulwark of that attempt) shall I offer any comment upon an Christendom, be conceives to be a rare good joke, attempt, feeble as unworthy, to enlist a “No Po- and chuckles over the idea of its present weakness pery " prejudice on the side he advocates.

in the spirit, if not in the very words of MelchiseMAJOR PORTER asks why the protest against dec Gullcrammer, regardless of the just rejointhe pretensions of the Langue, a copy of which der:was sent to you by SIR GEORGE BOWYER (3rd S. “Aye? 'tis the jest at which fools laugh the loudest, jii, 252), had not been issued during the thirty The downfall of the old nobility." previous years of that Langue's existence ? Well, granted that it is shorn of its power and

The real solution of this problem differs some- consequence, nevertheless it is the true and genuine what from that which he propounds.

relic of what was once so grand and glorious; and In the year 1858 or 1859 the Langue published a re-issue of their famous Synoptical Sketch, and

* In the Clerkenwell News of the last week of June, introduced prominently therein a list of their 1858, is a long account of a banquet held in bonour of the councillors and other officebearers. At the head

great day of the patron of the Order, St. John, in the

tavern of the Old Gate of Clerkenwell, at which a very of this list they placed the name of the venerable

numerous assembly of the Langue assisted ; indeed, if I Bali, fra. Philip de Colloredo, as Lieutenant of may judge of the importance attached to this banquet by the Mastership of the Sovereign Order of St. the following extract of a letter addressed to me by the John of Jerusalem; and also the name of every

Grand Secretary,” it was a demonstration, or regular member of the S. Council of the order that had

levée de boucliers : « We have made a move of no little significance, as regards determination, when our Execu.

tive Council took up on the 24th ult. a position in the To prove how little the Royal Spanish Order of St. ruins of the Priory of Clerkenwell, and unfurled in the John consider themselves a branch of the Knights Hos- face of Protestant and Catholic, our time-glorious ensigns pitallers, or their Cross anything but a Spanish decora- as a sovereign fraternity. By this step we have given tion, this venerable Knight petitioned the Lieutenant of hostages to futurity, that nulla retrorsum 'is to be the the Mastership to be received into the real Order, and I motto of our movement. We have passed the Rubi. was present at bis reception in 1859.

con,” &c. &c.

LAWS OF LAURISTON. its governing chief is acknowledged to be the legi. timate representative of the D'Aubussons, L'Išle

(3rd S. iii. 486 ; iv. 31, 76, 132.) Adams, and La Valettes of other times by every

Some of the statements made by A. T. LEE, sovereign court in Europe. Even the laws of

touching the Laws of Lauriston, are incorrect England admitted that fact, as a perusal of the case

In the first place, Margaret Hay did not marry of Candida v. Moncorvo "'will demonstrate. And Jaines McClennan, as Å. T. Les asserts. She here let me ask a question regarding that case that married Dr. William Carrutbers of Dumfries, touches nearly the fanciful pretensions of the and by that marriage had six children, viz. James, Langue to be considered on an equality with what Law, Robert, Henrietta, Margaret, and Wingate. they persist, with wilful ignorance, in calling the Wingate Carruthers married George McClennan, Italian branch. Perhaps some of your readers and it was Wingate's daughter Margaret wbo may not have cognisance of this case. About the married Captain Lee, R.N.

That F. J. W. Law year 1800, a Portuguese commander named Cou- took the estates in 1808 because his brothers tinho arrived in London, having in his possession

were Roman Catholics could not be, for there was moneys of the Order to the amount of 20001.

no law to hinder Catholics from inheriting; and, Before his death (which occurred soon after his in fact, John Law, who did inherit the estate, was arrival) by the advice of the Catholic Vicar Apos

a Catholic. It is possible that F. J. W. Law's tolic of the London District, he deposited the elder brothers, being then in the service of France, money in the Bank of England to the credit of the and we being at the time at war with France, Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Neither prin- they might be looked on as alien enemies, and cipal nor interest of this deposit having been be thus, whether fairly or unfairly, passed over in claimed, it had, in the year 1840, accumulated to

1808. But this reason did not exist in 1828, and a respectable sum. In that year, the S. Council then the Marquis of Lauriston was the real heir, in Rome, being informed that the money was lying and should have been summoned, as, on an act of in the Bank of England to the credit of the Reli; naturalisation, which he could have easily got, gion, and unclaimed, made the necessary legal he could have held the property. Instead of this, demand for it.. Upon proving themselves to be Francis J. W. Law, the last who held the Lauristhe representatives of the Sovereign Authority of ton estates, was unfortunately, in his old age, led the Order, the money was awarded, and paid to into a wrong belief regarding the pedigree, and them ; not, however, without a fruitless opposi- induced to allow the questionable sale of the tion on the part of the Baron Moncorvo, Portu- Lauriston estate, and the division of the proceeds guese Minister to the English Court, who put in in 1828. a counterclaim to the money, on the plea that the It should be observed that the late George depositor had been a Portuguese subject. Edmund Carruthers, Esq., son of the above

Now, my question is-Why did not the Langue named Robert Carruthers, and grandson of Mar. seize this glorious opportunity of asserting their garet Hay, reluctantly and doubtfully took the claim to be considered equal, or even superior, to sum allotted to him (five hundred pounds) from the S. Council in Rome, as representative of the the estate; but he refused to sign the indemOrder of St. John? But no, they were silent nity which was sought to be imposed on those and made no sign ; but allowed their rivals, the who shared in the division. The whole affair is Italian branch, as they call them, to carry off the still a question for the present Marquis of Laurisgolden prize. Was it disinterested modesty on ton.

E. M. C.. their part? or a consciousness that their claim to be held legitimate was of too delicate and fragile a nature to abide the rough sifting of a court of of the great John Law's father being a banker;

As to J. M.'s remarks against the statements law?

Having trespassed unconscionably on your valu. his mother being of the house of Argyle, and able

space, I will now conclude at once and for his seat, Lauriston, being an important estate, ever by apologising to An OBSERVER

for not reply from the History, or Ancient and Modern State of

I would call attention to the following, extracted ing to his particular query, which, in my opinion, is only calculated to draw attention away from

Cramond : the question immediately at issue; viz. the right

“ William Law (John Law's father) settled at Edinof the Langue to be considered a legitimate burgh, where he followed the profession of a goldsmith

a lusiness at that time partaking more of the nature of a branch of the Order of St. John. Perhaps His- banker's than of that to which the name is now properly TORICUS, who, as An OBSERVER justly opines, is restricted—with such success as to be thereby enabled in not a member of the Order, may be induced to 1683 to make purchase of Lauriston. . . . He married reply to the difficulty propounded. J. J. W. Miss Jean Campbell, descended from the noble house of


Again, the History of Cramond devotes four pages to the records and description of the seat

and lands of Lauriston, and gives a view of the swift, to assure himself that ffest, the Welsh word castle :

he gives, really was a Welsh word. Now I find in “ The lands of Lauriston,” says, in 1794, the writer of my Welsh dictionary, ffest*, fast, ffestin, of active the History,“ lie immediately to the west of the Barony nature, ffestinio, ffestu, to hasten, words, of which of Muirhouse, and rise by gradual ascent from the banks two at least bear such a very suspicious reof the Forth. On the summit of this ascent stands the semblance to festinus and festino, that it seems to Castle of Lauriston, commanding, from its elevated situation, an extensive prospect, especially of the sea and

me at least as probable that the Welsh borrowed the coast of Fife. The castle appears to have been erected

them from the Latin, as that accidentally, very towards the end of the 16th century."

similar words have very similar meanings in the This, and his own account of their subsequent two languages. Welsh is a very old language, no splendour, hardly agree with J. M.'s depreciation doubt, but, like many very old languages, it is of the estate and Castle of Lauriston.


quite insufficient for modern requirements, and

bas therefore been obliged to borrow, and I exYour correspondent J. M. asks, “Where there pect that it has borrowed from English and other is proof of relationship between

Jean Campbell

, languages quite as much as it has given to them. John Law's mother, and the Campbell family ?" Thus, in the same page as ffest, I find ffenestr, Will J. M. be pleased to weigh the value of these window, ffiggs, figs, fin, boundary, fflam, flame, illustrations of the case : In 1705 John Law ffoc, fire-place, focus. I do not wish to say that came home to Scotland rich from the gaming all, or any of these words are borrowed, for they tables of all the continent. He was safe in Edin. may have had a common origin, still I should be burgh from the judgment still in force against sorry to quote them as pure Welsh. But, with him in England for killing Beau Wilson, who regard to fast, there was no occasion, in the first forced him to fight. His petition for a pardon is instance at least, to appeal to Welsh, for in Icepreserved in the public Record Office (Q. Anne,

landic and Danish fast = both firm and swift, Domestic, 1708, or 6). In 1705 he tried hard to whilst it may be questioned whether the German to carry his paper-money scheme through the fast, almost, did not originally mean quickly, Scottish parliament. It was rejected; but the though Grimm refers it to fest, and comp. the Campbell voted for it; with some other Whigs. The Lat. firmus and ferme. tracts on the subject (2) are in the Advocates'

Wedgwood considers fast in its three meanings Library in Edinburgh. They are subtle abridg- of firm, swifit abstinence from food, to be but one ments of his Money and Trade, published in 1705. word, and I think bis suggestion reasonable, as it He was defeated mainly by the efforts of Bank occurred to me independently. Fast=firm, solid, of England Paterson, always a powerful opponent the meaning of rapid in succession, and then that

unbruken, uninterrupted, and hence we readily obtain to bubbles.

Again, in 1720, after Law's fatal success in the of rapid in motion. Comp. the Lat. continuo, immeMississippi bubble, he succeeded by the folly and diately (which itself means with nothing between), knavery of his imitators in London, the Blounts, uninterruptedly, with our continent (Germ. Festthe Craggs, &c. &c. His great supporter then land). So the Fr. pressé, in a hurry, de suite, lit. was Lord Islay, a Campbell, who wrote an intro

in (uninterrupted) succession=immediately. Comp. duction to a new edition of his works, published also à bâtons rompus, by fits and starts

, interruptin London in 1720. Moreover, another Campbell edly, Still the notion of rapidity may naturally was Lord Provost of Edinburgh, when the “gude also be borrowed from the opposite idea of loosetown” voted Law the freedom of the city, for ness, want of connection, (sudden) separation, as in which he snubbed them in a French letter, written

the Fr. incontinent, immediately, the Germ. auf nine months after the compliment was so rashly einen, Losgehen, Losspringen, Losschiessen, to rush paid to John Law. The records of the city of upon any one, And so a fast man is about equiEdinburgh are full of instructive papers on this valent to a loose fish. See my note on club, South Sea business. William Paterson was not

“N. & Q." 3rd S. i. 294. living to expose the hollowness of Law's paper

Again, when one fasts, abstains from food, one schemes. J. M. could not do a better thing for merely practises continence

, one holds oneself in, the cause of truth than to have those money re

holds fast, restrains, one's appetite. Comp. the cords of Scotland published.

Germ. fassen, to hold, and the Goth. fastan, to SEARCHER FOR THE TRUTH. hold, keep fast, and to fast.


In Breton fest also = fast. We may, perhaps, (?)

comp. the Fr. vite, Old Fr. viste. FAST.

t In Mid. Lat. I find faste = statim (or confestim), and (3rd S. iv. 110, 158.)

do not statim and instantly come from stare, a verb which

certainly commonly denotes firmness ? and do not conMR. BUCKTON would have done well, I think, tinually and constantly denote uninterrupted motion : before speculating upon the Celtic origin of fast = Comp. too illico (in loco) and on the spot, sur le champ.

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