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enough for the genealogist to arrive at a probable Reverse. ARCHID, AVST. DVCES . BVRG . DOM . conclusion ; therefore, I beg leave to inquire to

A shield of arms surmounted by a crown. what families they may be appropriated, and shall 2. Silver piece, somewhat smaller than the be greatly obliged for the information I may former. Obverse. "MAX. HEN.D.G. ARC . COL. receive.

W. W. S.

BL." Bust to the right, with bair down

to the shoulders. Reverse. “EP . ET . PRINC . EPIGRAM. – Can any of your readers throw

LEOD. DVX . BVL. MAR. FR. CO. L.H." A shield light on the following?' I find it on a fly-leaf of a book of MS. sermons, written in the early part of the date 1668.

of arms, surmounted by a crown, above which is the last century. Jan. 30 seems plain to an ordi

Can any of your correspondents kindly inform nary reader, but who is the nepos to be born on

me what the abbreviated inscriptions are? WheJan. 29:

ther these are coins or medals ? And if the latter, “Jan. 29, 30.

R. P. Sacratū est superis bidou (sic) Lux prima nepotē

on what occasions struck ? Venturü celebrat, proxima plorat avum.

I have three small copper coins having the Gaudet Roma sacris, ast Anglia plorat utrisq; same date (1718), and the same reverse, viz.

Hæc impos voti, compos at ipsa sui. Fælices (sic) patres ! vitæ necisq; (sic) potentes

IDALER 8. M." (Scheide Münze?), in a round Vos dabitis filiü, (sic) vos rapuistis


shield garnished; and the following obverses : DARSIE TORCHHILL.

1. An armed figure-“ MARS.

2. A figure surrounded by rays of light — FICTITIOUS APPELLATIONS.-In the first volume PHAEBUS.' of Mrs. Delany's Life and Correspondence (p. 7.) 3. An armed man with a lion at his side: the in the note, Lady Llanover informs her readers, man holds his sword at the guard. Legend, " the real Christian name of the Duchess of Port- FLINK OCH EARDIG."

(Is this

Quick and land was Margaret; but it was the fashion of the noble,” in Germ. Flink und ehrlich?) This has time (1740) for friends to be known amongst each been plated. Can any correspondent of “ N. & Q." other by fictitious appellations." Will any of give me any information about these coins ? Are your readers be so kind as inform me the origin they Dutch ?

Join DAVIDSON. of this fashion, which would not prevail in the PAPA AND MAMMA. . Will any reader of present day?


“N. & Q." tell me why I should not spell Papa Larchfield, Darlington.

with three p’s ? Mamma, I know is derived from JACK THE GIANT KILLER.-What is the date the Greek word uauua, and has three m's; and of the first edition of this nursery tale? In a

papa is derived from ránnas, and yet has only two.

SCHOOLBOY. part of the Archæological Mine, published in 1858, are impressions of the wood-blocks said to be used Joshua Peel.-In 1781 was published in 12mo, by Pocock (the historian of Gravesend) in an at Whitby, Hymns on various Subjects, composed by edition he printed of children's books. But this Joshua Peel, and published for the good of manmust be incorrect, for the blocks are evidently kind in general. · One bymn was composed on a century earlier than Pocock's day.

the death of his only daughter, Mary Peel, and “ JOURNAL DES GUILLOTINES.” — During the be thankful to any of your correspondents who

was sung before her corpse to the grave. I shall Reign of Terror in France, “.

a speculator projected and published a journal devoted merely to these hymns,

can furnish information touching the author of

S. Y. R. a list of the persons executed.” Of this journal it is said : “ten duodecimo numbers of thirty-two

Phenix FAMILY. — Wanted, any information leaves were published, and the work is known to concerning the family and descendants of James modern collectors as the Journal des Guillotines." P. Phænix, who was librarian of the Liverpool Can you or any of your readers inform me of Library Lyceum from 1817 to 1844; and died at any public library where a copy of this publica- Everton, near Liverpool, in 1846, aged sixty-two tion may be seen and consulted ? M. L. years. A bigbly eulogistic notice of him appeared

in the Gentleman's Magazine for July, 1846. WILLIAM KERR, THIRD EARL OF LOTHIAN. —

J. C. L. He died in 1675. When was be born ? CPL.

THE PRINCE IMPERIAL A SON OF St. Louis.NUMISMATIC QUERIES. – 1. Silver piece about I saw it stated recently, that a French genealogist the size of the common crown.. Obrerse.“ had proved the descent of the Prince Imperial BERTVS . ET. ELISABET. DEI . GRATIA." Two rods from St. Louis. Can any correspondent of cross, having in the uppermost angle a crown; gree? I presume it is traced through the Guzand in the right and left a monogram, consisting mans.

Joan WOODWARD. of the initials A. and E., surmounted by a crown. New Shoreham.



(or sceptres ?) in the form of a St. Andrew's “N. & Q.” give me the particulars of the pedi


He says,

Sarau LBIGH PYKE. – Wanted, biographical of the Templars on state occasions; or in what particulars regarding Mrs. Sarah Leigh Pyke, books I could find the detail required ? author of The Triumphs of Messiah, a Poem,

A. DE F. Exeter, 1812. Mrs. Pyke is also author of Israel, 2 vols. 1795, by Serena; and eighty Village Hymns,



OF Vaynor, BRECONSHIRE. — May I ask if any of

your Welsh correspondents can give me any inRANULPH DE MESCHINES. - Where can I find formation on this family previous to the comany account of the paternal ancestors of Ranulph, mencement of the last century ? What are their commonly called by English antiquaries “De arms ? Any notices of them will oblige Meschines," who, in 1119, succeeded to the earl

PELAGIUS. dom of Chester in right of his mother, sister to Hugh Lupus ?

X. X. St. Peter's -IN-THE-East, OXFORD.— There is

Queries with answers. in the crypt of the church of St. Peter's-in-the

John Donne, son of DR. DONNE.—It is supEast, Oxford, a deep recess, walled up at the end,

posed that at one time he held the rectory of which is reported to have formerly been a passage Martinsthorpe, co. Rutland, and diocese of Peterleading out of the crypt. Can anybody give any borough. What reason is there for this supposigrounds for the tradition, or furnish an account tion ?

CPL. of any like underground passage elsewhere exist

X. X.

[That the Dean of St. Paul's intended his son to take

orders is evident from one of his letters to Mrs. Cockaine. SEPTUAGINT.— I should be glad if some of your drawing my son unmaturely into orders, or putting into

“ But, my noble sister, though I am far froin correspondents would kindly inform me whether his hands any church with cure; yet there are many in the case of the Septuagint, the authorised ver- prebends and other helps in the church, which a man sior of the Greek Church, there has been any edi- without taking orders, may be capable of, and for some tion put forth by the church by authority, as in such I might change a living with cure, and so begin to the case of the Sixtine and Clementine editions of Letters made by Sir Tobie Mathews, 1692, p. 353.) That

accommodate a son in some preparation.” (Collection of the Vulgate of the Roman Church, or the English John Donne, jun. eventually became a clergyman, and Bible of 1611 in our own church. If so, is that had some preferment in the diocese of Peterborough, we edition solely employed throughout the Greek learn from a letter written to him by Dr. John Towers, Church? I am unable to find the fact in any ship thanks him for the first volume of his father's Ser

Bishop of Peterborough, his diocesan, wherein his lordbook.


mons, telling him “ that his parishioners may pardon his Trinity College.

silence to them for awhile, since by it he hath preached

to them and to their children's children, and to all our EXHIBITION OF Sign Boards in 1761.- In this English churches, for ever.” This letter, dated July 20, year, I believe, Bonnell Thornton held an exhibi- 1640, is prefixed to the third volume of his father's Sertion either at his own rooms in Bow Street, where mons. The benefice referred to appears to have been the he lived, or somewhere else. It is not known rectory of Ufford, co. Northampton, which he held only what he charged for admission, but he printed a

for two or three years (1639-41); and whether he after

wards held the sinecure rectory of Martinsthorpe, in the catalogue, and the object of this query is to ascer- same diocese, has not been satisfactorily determined; tain where a copy may be seen. Cunningham though, in dedicating the second volume of Sermons to mentions the fact in his London, Past and Present, the Earl of Denbigh, he addresses him

as “ his patron.” and a paragraph in an old newspaper that I have That he held some church preferment under the patronseen announces the Sign Board Exhibition as then age of the Crown, appears also from the same volume.

Addressing the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, open. Many of the signs, as may be imagined, he writes: “ The reward that many years since was prowere very comical. The Irish arms, for instance, posed for the publishing these Sermons, having lately was a pair of clumsy legs.

J. C. H. been conferred upon me, under the authority of the Great

Seal, I thought myself in gratitude bound to deliver them MR. CHARLES SPINK died in Edinburgh, May to the world under your lordship’ probation; in order to 14, 1816; he had been in India, and had written, show how oareful you are in dispensing that part of the but not published, “ a most ingenious and original However, from the time of the first-named publication in work on the “ Philosophy of Mind.". Is any thing 1640 to that of his death, he dates his letters " From my more known of this gentleman, or of his writings? house in Covent Garden.” His will is printed in our especially of that MS.?

2nd S. iv. 175.] SAMUEL NEIL.

Caxton's FIRST BOOK.-Dr.Munk, the talented WAND OF Grand MASTER OF THE TEMPLARS. librarian of the Royal College of Physicians, bas Can any correspondent give me some information lately been engaged in making a catalogue of their respecting the form and ornaments of the wand library, and has discovered a translation of Le(the symbol of office), borne by the Grand Master fevre's History of Troy, written and printed by

Caxton in 1471. I understand there are five or door; but unhappily it has not been engraved. “We were six copies of this valuable work extant.

In agreeably entertained by the humours of the place, partiwhose possession are they?

cularly an explanation of a Gaffer and Gammer, a little W. I. S. HORTON.

obscene, though in presence of two of the fair sex. Here

we continued till the clock struck one." — Hogarth's 5Mr. William Blades, in his splendid work, The Life Works by Nichols, iii. 113. The site on which it stood is and Typography of William Caxton, 2 vols. 4to, 1863, has

now called Dark House Lane.] furnished the following interesting particulars of the

SHAKSPEARE'S DAUGHTER'S TOMBSTONE. In existing copies of The Recuyell of the Histories of Troy, ascribed to Raoul de Fevre, translated 1460-71, folio, with? Wheeler's History of Stratford-upon-Avon (p. 77), out place or date [1472-4?], the first book printed in the in describing the tombstone of Mrs. Hall, Shak. English language by Caxton:

speare's daughter Susanna, and the epitaph 1. British Museum, King's Library. Made perfect Witty above her sexe," &c.), it is stated : from another copy. 2. Cambridge Public Library. Imperfect.

“ These English verses (preserved by Dugdale) were 3. The same. Imperfect.

many years since purposely obliterated, to make room 4. Trinity College, Cambridge. Imperfect.

for another inscription, carved on the same stone, for 5. Bodleian, Oxford. Imperfect.

Richard Watts of Ryhon Clifford--a person of no relation 6. Ditto. Imperfect.

to the Shakspeare family." 7. Paris, Imperial Library. Very imperfect.

Was this so? And is the inscription one now 8. Sion College, London. Imperfect. 9. Duke of Devonshire. Imperfect, wanting the last reads on the tombstone, a modern restoration ?

I. B. H. leaf, which is supplied in facsimile. The late Duke bought this interesting volume at the Roxburghe sale [The lines preserved by Dugdale, commencingfor 10601. 10s. It had been purchased by the Duke of “ Witty above her sexe, but that's not all, Roxburghe for 501., from Mr. Laing, who had received it

Wise to salvation was good Mistress Hall,” & exchange from Major Swinton. 10. Marquis of Bath, said to be perfect, but much

were certainly removed to make room for an inscription wormed and repaired.

to the memory of Richard Watts, who died in 1707 ; but 11. Earl of Pembroke. Very imperfect.

they were some years ago restored at the expense of the 12. Earl of Jersey. Perfect, and very clean Autograph

Rev. William Harness. ] at the beginning of Book I., “Sir Th: Fairfax the elder

St. BARTHOLOMEW'S CHURCH, SMITHFIELD. knight oweth this booke." 13. Earl of Ashburnham. Imperfect.


you tell me if the proceedings of the meeting 14. Earl Spencer. Imperfect.

held at St. Bartholomew's, Smithfield, on July 15. Sir Thomas Phillips, Bart. Imperfect.

13th, regarding the restoration of the church have 16. Beriah Botfield, Esq. Imperfect.

been published ? I have seen Mr. Parker's adDuring the progress of this work through the Caxton, as he himself informs us in his Prologue to the dress, but I should be glad to see the Report by Third Book, learnt the new art. ]

the architects, and the Rev. Mr. Hugo's address.

W. H. Dark House. — In Noah Webster's Dictionary [An account of the meeting at St. Bartholomew's is the following:

church on July 13, 1863, was given in the City Press of “ Darkhouse, n. an old word for a madhouse. - Shaka July 18, as well as in the Gentleman's Magazine for Aug.

1863, p. 157, and Mr. Parker's lecture will be found in speare."

this month's number of the latter periodical. The report There is, I believe, in the city of London, a lane

of the architects, Messrs. Lewis and Slater, appeared in called Dark House Lane. Does this lane take its

the City Press of May 30, 1863; and Mr. Hugo's historiname from a madhouse formerly there, or what ?

cal account of “ Rahere, a pleasant-witted gentleman, S. BEISLY.

called the King's minstrel,” is also printed in a previous

number of the same paper.] [The word Darkhouse is used by Shakspeare in All's Well that Ends Well, Act II. Sc. 3, where it denotes a

St. Pancras, MIDDLESEX.-Is there any list of house which is the seat of gloom and discontent. A kind the Incumbents previous to the Great Fire of of pandemonium, called the Dark House at Billingsgate, London in 1666 ?

CPL. is coarsely described in Ned Ward's London Spy, parts II. and ni., edit. 1709. Ward and his companion, it ap

[The following names appear in a very imperfect list pears, spent a night in this cavern of depravity, and in the printed in Coull's History and Traditions of st. Pancras, morning he tells us, that " after satisfying our tun-bellied 8vo, 1861, p. 10:hosts, we left the infernal mansion to the sinful sons of

« 1183. Fulcherius. darkness, there to practise their iniquities.” Hogarth,

1190. Alexander. during his “ Five Days' Peregrination," also paid a visit

1580. Gray. to this receptacle for the nymphs of Billingsgate. He

Henry Bradley, sen. says, “On Saturday, May 27th, we set out with the morn

1627. John Elborow. ing, and took our departure from the Bedford Arms

1647. William Birkete. Tavern in Covent Garden, to the tune • Why should we

1657. Randolf Yearwood. quarrel for riches?' The first land we made was Bil

1660. Timothy Boughey. Oct. 22. liogsgate, where we dropped anchor at the Dark House." 1664. Thomas Daniel. June 17."] There Hogarth made a caricature of a porter, most facetiously drunk, who called himself “The Duke of Puddle

SIR WILLIAM MYERS.-Can any of your readers Dock.” The drawing was (by his Grace) pasted on the cellar give particulars of the family of Sir William

p. 88.]

Myers, who fell at Albuera, and his monument means accords with that of the Dictu Moralia of in St. Paul's ?

M. 1350. But this work may be strongly suspected [Sir William James Myers, Bart., lieut.-col. of the of being an inferior production, copied after a seventh regiment of foot, born Nov. 27, 1783 was the only higher book of the day. Shortly before it apson of Sir William, first baronet, Commander-in-chief of peared, Walter Burley (ob. 1337) had issued his his Majesty's forces in the Leeward Islands. His grand. father, Christopher Myers of Monkstown, co. Dublin, was

Vita omnium Philosophorum et Poetarum cum a native of Lancashire, and resided at Whitehaven, but auctoritatibus et sententiis aureis eorundem. This subsequently settled in Ireland for the purpose of building is the first mediæval attempt at a history of phiwater-works. A brief notice of the family may be found losophy, and is so called by Brucker. It was in the Gentleman's Mag. Ixxv. 881, 969; and lxxxi. pt. ii. long the only work of its kind, and was printed

at least thirteen times before 1500, often without ALFRED BUNN. — Bunn died in 1860. Did any Burley's name. There is not a word about Zedesketch of his life appear about the time in our chias: Burley sets the example of beginning phijournals or elsewhere?


losophy with 'Thales. It would be worth while to [Mr. Alfred Bunn died suddenly of apoplexy at Bou- compare the dicta with the aurea sententia : perlogne-sur-Mer on December 20, 1860.* A biographical haps the first would be found to be largely copied sketch of him appeared in the Daily Telegraph at the time, from the second. and was copied into a dramatic periodical entitled The Players of Dec. 29, 1860. Consult also his works, The Stage ;

The dicta say that Zedechias was “ Primus per both before and behind the Curtain, 3 vols. 12mo, 1840; and quem nutu dei lex præcepta fuit et sapientia intelOld England and New England, 2 vols. 12mo, 1853.] lecta.” It is clear that the sylph-shower and

man-swallower has been confounded with Noah,

or Moses, or some other primæval legislator, if Replies.

not with Adam himself; that is, if the language SEDECHIAS.

of the dicta really have any connection with

Pepin's magician. This is not impossible: the (3rd S. iv. 9.)

stories of antiquity are so strangely, concocted, If Sedechias swallowed a man whole and that even Zachariah, or Zedekiah with the iron vomited him, under Louis le Débonnaire, he must horns, or Sadoch, as Zadok was called, may all have been a fine old fellow, seeing that, at least go for something in the matter. But the only sixty-three years before, under Pepin, he had lawgiver who claimed nutu dei, and whose name filled the air with the elementary spirits of the bears any affinity of letters to Zedechias, is Cabbala, to prove to unbelievers that such things Zerdusht or Zoroaster. My suspicion tends this existed. He was a Cabbalist; and after he had way: perhaps when the name of Zerdusht had convinced the people, they took it into their heads been a little altered, those who used it might that the sylphs, &c. would destroy the harvest by have fallen in with the legend of the man-swalstorms; so that both Charlemagne and Louis lower. The age associated prodigy, with every issued edicts against the spirits. This is all I can species of intellectual power : and their philosophy find; and it is from the Dictionnaire des Sciences Oc- in this matter was that of the groom : " If so be cultes in Migne's collection (Zedechias, Cabbala). as the gentleman is a wit, he can ride three horses The only authorities given are the Abbé de Vil at once.' lars, Le Comte de Gabalis; ou Entretiens sur les There was much tendency, but not created by Sciences secrètes, best edition, 1742, 12mo; and Burley, to make philosophy very old. Brucker the supplements

, more than one: also the Mar- begins his history with the Adamite philosophy, quis d'Argens, Lettres Cabbalistiques, Hague, 1741, on which we should say he was forced by the 6 vols. 12mo, the fuller work.

The elementary spirits of the Cabbala, the not see that he was quite willing. In the very sylphs, gnomes, salamanders, ondins and ondines, year (1742) in which his first volume appeared, contain, as all know, the machinery of the Rape of was also published the Historia Matheseos of the Lock: but many have never heard of their origin. Heilbronner, who begins mathematics expressly We know Undine as a spirit of our own day; and from Adam, whose school subdivided into those we shall soon bave young ladies named after her, of Cain and Abel.

A. DE MORGAN. if warning be not given that the name is not a proper name, but that of a class of semi-demons, of no very high reputation. If Walter Scott had

EXPEDITION TO CARTHAGENA. given a little information about the recognised character of the White Lady in the Monastery,

(3rd S. iv. 165.) that creation would not have been so distasteful Circumstances having led me to take an interest as he afterwards confesses it to have been ; regular in this subject, I am glad to afford J. M. any inold

forms of the demoniacal are always tolerated. formation in my power. In the outset, the ex• The account bere given of Zedechias by no pedition experienced an irreparable misfortune. The General commanding, Charles, 8th Lord Cath

HEATH BEER. cart—a war-taught soldier of courage and conduct-died; and was succeeded by an officer who

(3rd S. iv. 229.) had neither knowledge, weight, nor confidence in The tradition alluded to by J. L. was at one himself. Bad leading, bad organisation, and bad time almost universal in Ireland. The following understanding between the military and naval perhaps may in some measure be apposite, if not forces, naturally ended in damage and disgrace. a satisfactory explanation. Up to about a cenA cessation of that particular foreign war was followed by a paper conflict, and recriminations tury ago, wealthy farmers brewed beer for the

use of their own household and workmen. The at home. Chelsea inquiries in our day enable us practice was continued by landed proprietors, and to realise the state of public feeling that then other wealthy persons, down to a much more reexisted. Smollett, I presume, wrote his graphic cent period; but since the commencement of the " Account of the Expedition" soon after his return present century, it has disappeared altogether ; from that service, in 1741-2. The sketch in owing, no doubt, to the price obtained for barley, Roderick Random was written in 1748. Smollett, which was used for the malting purpose of the I believe, continued the subject in a Compendium beer: and besides that, the country people had of Voyages, published in 1751. J. M. asks, where learnt the way of making whiskey from raw grain Smollett's pamphlet can be found ? I know of (oats, &c.). The point about the “heath beer," no other than the “ Account,” &c., already men- however, is explained as follows:- When the tioned; it is in my handy copy of Smollett's Works little plant is in blossom (and a very pretty blos(Bohn's edit. 1856). In April 1743, there was

som it bears), it has a peculiarly attractive odour published An Account of the Expedition to Car- and taste. It was then gathered, and carefully ihagena, with explanatory notes, price 1s. The cleaned; and was then placed at the bottom of Gent.'s Mag., 1743 (vol. xiii. p. 208), contains the vessels, through which the worts were run off, extracts which clearly show that the writer was and acted as a strainer ; at the same time im. not Smollett. This is abundantly shown by style, parting to the liquid a peculiar flavour, most tone, and narration. To this Account, &c. (about agreeable to the palate- hence the fabled tradiNovember of the same year), a counterblast ap- tion of the beer being made from the heath itself. peared, viz. A Journal of the Expedition to Car- I ascertained this fact more than thirty years thagena, in Answer to the Account of that Expedi- ago from my grandfather, who was at the time a tion, sc. I think J. M.'s pamphlet under this fine bale old gentleman, upwards of eighty years title, but said to have been published in 1744, old; and he told me he bad often performed the must be a reprint or second edition. J. M. can operation in making his own beer. I may also easily satisfy himself in regard to my supposition state that honey, collected in heathery districts in by comparing his pamphlet with certain extracts Ireland, is more pure and valuable than what is from the pamphlet of 1743; which extracts le collected in other quarters. I have often drunk a will find at pp. 39 and 207 of the Gent.'s Mag. liquor called “mead,” which is produced by boilfor 1744, vol. xiv. Touching the authorship of ing honey-comb (after expressing the honey), and the Journal in Answer, 8c., we can throughout adding a small .quantity of home-made barm. trace the hand of a military officer that was pre- This liquor is agreeable if well made, and taken sent during the transactions he is so anxious to in small quantity; but when mixed with ardent explain. The editor of the Gent.'s Mag. had a spirits it is seductive and intoxicating. I may correspondent “W.B.," who supplied the extracts add, that I do not know this from experience. to which reference has just been made; "W. B." Perhaps this will explain the notion of beer being also addressed a long letter to the editor on the made from heath.

S. REDMOND. same subject in December, 1743. I have little

Liverpool. doubt that the pamphleteer was “W.B." And, from an original MS. document now in my pos

In the moorland districts, traversed by the session, I find that the Adjutant-General of the Roman Wall running from Wall's End, near Newexpeditionary force was Colonel William Blake- castle-upon-Tyne, to the Solway Frith, tradition ney. I know of three Carthagena pamphlets, tells of “heath beer” as an ancient tipple. Sir which appeared in 1744, viz. in January, Original David Smith, in his MSS. in the possession of Papers, &-c., price ls. 6d.; Authentic Papers, sc., the Duke of Northumberland, speaking of a large price 1s. 6d.; and A Letter to Admiral Vernon, trough cut in the solid rock at Kutchester, the by a certain John Cathcart. I have thus ex

Roman station Vindobala, says :bausted

my information, perhaps also my reader's “ The old peasants here have a tradition that the patience; but the history of the ill-fated Cartha- Romans made a beverage somewhat like beer of the bells gena expedition is of general interest—to states

of heather (heath), and that this trough was used in the men and military men it is particularly suggestive. process of making such drink.”

C. Dr. Bruce adds :

« EelmineJätka »