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new name

has been immortalised by her nephew, poor There was in 1856, in a small street close by Charles Cotton, who calls her“ Mrs. Cokain in the Poydras Market, in New Orleans, a shop, over Peake.”

which was the sign “ Abednego Hooper. The By this irreverence, says a MS. note in my was a New-Englander, working in some copy, “ he had his humour, but lost her estate." capacity on a Mississippi steamboat. His wife,

H. J. H. who minded the shop, and who also hailed from

6: down east," was known as Jael. A sister of Your correspondent, G. H. K. says that this either the man or his wife, living in the same

C. W. lady was “doubtless a relation of the soi-disant house, was Selah Ann. Sir' Aston Cockain or Cokayne.” Query, does this mean that Sir A. Cockain or Cokayne, the CUTHBERT BEDE may be pleased to know, that dramatic author and poet, was not legally entitled remote antiquity can be quoted to support his to the name ? If so, on what grounds ? In what fancy of coining one name out of two others : year did Ashbourne Hall cease to belong to the such as Mareli, from Mary and Elizabeth. The Cokaynes ? who sold it? and who was the last old legend of Pilate, whose surname Pontius was representative of the family living at Ashbourne given to him after conquering the Isle of Ponthus, or Derby at the early part of the present cen- commences thus in Caxton's translation:tury ? Lastly, who is the actual representative of “ There was a king called Tirus, which knew carnally the family, or is it extinct in the male line ? a maid called Pilam, which was daughter to a miller

DELTA. named Atus. And of this daughter he engendered a son.

And she took her name, and the name of her father Atus,

and composed thus of their names one name to her son, CHRISTIAN NAMES,

and named him Pilatus,"

WILLIAM BLADES. (3rd S. iv, 369.)

11, Abchurch Lane. The Times, quoted by CUTHBERT Bede, is mistaken in supposing that when Catholics take

Outré baptismal names appear to be adopted in confirmation, the new name chiefly amongst the lower classes. supersedes, or even precedes, the original name

The name of Shadrach, borne by CUTHBERT received in baptism. The person confirmed re- BEDE's Worcestershire friend, is also that of an ceives an additional name only, and this is given individual in that district, who was recently tried him because he receives a new character — that of for some offence. At the last Staffordshire Asa confirmed Christian, and soldier of Jesus Christ. sizes, I note the name of Barzillai Foster, conI am always glad to see any exposure and con-victed of unlawfully wounding at Harborne; and demnation of the too frequent practice of giving that of Eli — borne, singularly enough, by two strange and improper names in baptism; and I

men tried at the same time on the same charge, always protest against calling these Christian of the respective surnames of Wakeman and names, when there is nothing Christian about Round. I was lately on a visit at Ringwood, in them. The clergy of the Catholic Church are Hampshire; and, while sitting outside the house forbidden to tolerate such names. The following one evening, was attracted by a red-headed and extract from the Ritual will show at once her robust little Saxon, who came up the walk with a spirit and practice :

basket. I stopped him, and asked various ques. " Et quoniam iis, qui baptizantur, tamquam Dei filiis tions : all of which he answered readily enough, in Christo regenerandis, et in ejus militiam adscribendis, except “What's your name?"

This bothered nomen imponitur, curet (sacerdos) ne obscæna, fabulosa, him, he tried to remember it, but could not, rum hominum nomina imponantur, sed potius, quatenus And. I was so interested to find out, that I walked fieri potest, Sanctorum, quorum exemplis fideles ad pie to his mother's cottage the next day, and ascer. vivendum excitentur, et patrociniis protegantur.” tained from her that her hopeful received the

F. C. H.

name of “Mahershalalhashbaz,"-which she could

neither properly pronounce or spell herself. Lord Monteagle does not derive his name

She is a Mrs. Bradford; and is, I presume, still Spring from the season of the year, but from the in her cottage at Ringwood.

S. T. alliance of his family with that of Spring, an Irish house; but connected, I believe, with the I have always thought it strange that, while we ancient Springs of Suffolk. It is amusing to find have such numbers of persons bearing the names Sydney Smith claiming, if he did, the invention of the New-Testament saints, especially the Evanof the name Saba; there being two saints so gelists, we can point to so few called after the called in the Roman Calendar, one of whom has a Apostle of whose labours we have the fullest basilica in Rome. It must, however, be admitted record, and who takes up by far the largest space that he has feminised it.

VEBNA. in the records of the infant Church - St. Paul.

It is the more remarkable when one bears in to carry out books never entered any imagination mind that it is by no means an uncommon name but mine, I should highly value an official comamong the members of the Greek and the Latin munication to that effect. But without such a doChurches: one would more certainly expect to cument I cannot believe them so absurd. find, in Protestant countries, a greater use of the

A. DE MORGAN. name of this eminently doctrinal Apostle. I have not read Miss Yonge's History of Christian Names, such office was ever connected with the Court of

CLERK OF THE CHEQUE (3rd S. iv. 43.) - No so I do not know if she has noticed two (to me) Exchequer. We have a clerk of the estreats ; a very unusual names: Damaris (Acts xvii

. 34), Clerk of the market ; a clerk of the nichils ; a clerk and Ora. The former is borne by a lady of my acquaintance; and I have a note in my possession of the pells ; a clerk of the pipe; a clerk of the

sunimons; and a clerk of the urits. The funcsigned with the latter, as one of the two Christian

tions of all these officers may be learnt from Mr. names of the writer. In the summer of this year, during a holiday 8vo); but he is silent as to the office of clerk of

Thomas's Ancient Exchequer of England (1848, tour, I saw over a bootmaker's shop, in a pleasant

the cheque. watering place in the Isle of Thanet, the name Paramour. And in the province of Ulster, in a

An ancient book is preserved in the Chapel decaying but picturesque town, memorable as the Royal, St. James's, called the Cheque-Book. It

contains entries of the dates of admission of the landing-place of William III., over a small chan- gentlemen ; notices of their removal, or death; dler's shop, was painted the name Dubordiew.

and various other matters relative to the internal P. A. JACOBSON.

management of the establishment. One of the Roger de Coverley appears, in Kent's London gentlemen was (and perhaps is still) appointed

| book Directory for 1768, in the humble position of a

"clerk of the cheque." The office was once held by "weaver” in King Street, Moorfields. S. T.

the celebrated Henry Lawes, as appears by the

following entry in the above-mentioned book: MAPS (3rd S. iv. 170, 376.)— The account given Majesties Chappell Royal, and clerke of the check, died

“ 1662. Mr. Henry Lawes, one of the Gentlemen of His by me represents the tradition of the University, Octob. 21; and in his place was sworne as Gentleman, as current especially among the younger members, Dr. John Wilson, Dr of Musick, Octob. 22." in my day (1823-27). I thought I had expressly stated this : but I find I have only implied it, in Cheque-Book of the Chapel Royal to the notice of

I have some thoughts of recommending the my last paragraph, by the words “There was not, the Camden Society, as a document well worthy in my time, any tradition .

That the circumstances I have mentioned were currently

of publication with illustrative notes.

Edward F. RIMBAULT. stated and believed, I know: I have heard them from many. If Maps were not an officer of the ANTHONY YOUNG (3rd S. iv. 327.)- The comlibrary, the conspicuous presence of his portrait position of “God save the King” is attributed to within the library walls would be almost sure to this musician, solely upon the authority of an unlead to the belief that he was.

dated copy published by “Riley & Williams, ComIt is asked, relative to Nicholson thinking that merce Row, Blackfriars Road.” (See The New all old folios were maps, “Was anything ever more Monthly Mugazine for 1816.) The copy states : absurd ?” To this query I answer, Yes, some- “This air was composed by Mr. Anthony Young, thing was more absurd. What was it? It was late Organist of Allhallows Barking, Essex.” what was given in the sentence preceding the Now, upon searching the registers of Allhalquestion. “I am informed by the library autho- lows, I find that no such person as Anthony rities that such an office as MR. DE MORGAN de- Young was ever organist of that church. A Mr. scribes never existed except in the imagination of Charles Young succeeded Mr. Bryan in 1713, that gentleman." I doubt the accuracy of this where he remained until 1758-probably the year statement. I cannot believe the library autho- of his death. Anthony Young was organist of St. rities pretended to know the thoughts of all the Clement-Danes, in 1707, in which year he pubmen who have ever heard that Cambridge had lished a coilection of songs; and subsequently of a public library. Belong the assertion to whom Catherine-Cree Church, near the Tower. it may, it is a million times more absurd to state Thus, having shaken the authenticity of the that no human being ever imagined a beadle to publication of Messrs. Riley & Williams in one carry out books from the public library, than to particular, it may possibly weaken it in another, state that one particular man was illiterate enough i.e. the claim of the National Anthem to have to fancy all large books were maps.

been composed by any musician bearing the name If the “library authorities” will undertake to of Young. say that the notion of the library having a porter Now as to another point concerning the Youngs, Dr. Burney, in the fourth volume of his History Newce, W. Wats, and J. Simand. It also conof Music, speaking of the year 1744, says: tains Commendatory Verses by Sam. Brigges, Jo.

“At Covent Garden the singers were Mrs. Lampe and Godolphin, Anthony Askham, Jo. Sotheby, TamMiss Young, sisters of Mrs. Arne; and all three daughters berlayne Bowdler, A. Smallwood, Wm. Creed, of Anthony Young, organist of Catherine-Cree Church, Richard Lovelace, Wm. Bewe, D. Vivian, and near the Tower."

W. W. Oxoniensis. Bindley's copy is now in the On the contrary, Sir John Hawkins, in the fifth Grenville collection at the British Museum. The volume of his History of Music, says:

work appears very rare.

J. YEOWELL. “There was one Mr. Charles Young, organist of the church of Allballows, Barking, who had three daughters,

INKSTAND (3rd S. iv. 348.) – In reply to Prof. namely, Cecilia, Esther, and Isabella."

DE MORGAN's inquiry respecting the inkstand, I Thus the two historians have each given a dif

beg, to say that I bave for many years used one of

similar description, with the exception of the ferent father to the well-known three Misses

containing saucer. I have always found it to Young. I thought to reconcile these contradic

answer exceedingly well, but an improvement may tory accounts by finding that Anthony and Charles

be made by the addition of a moveable cover to were one and the same person; but this is impossible, as Charles Young was certainly organist

the projection in front, to prevent the access of of Allhallows during the time that Anthony Young

dust to the ink. I have made my cover of a piece

of thin sheet gutta percha. I am informed that was, with equal certainty, organist of Catherine

similar inkstands have been procured from Messrs. Cree Church.

John and Richard Reeves, of Birmingham. Can any correspondent throw light upon these

N. S. HEINEKER. discrepancies of the two historians ? EDWARD F. RIMBAULT.

The inkstand referred to by your correspondent, SIGNET ASSIGNED TO Mary, Queen of Scots is or was to be had at Messrs. Perry and Co.'s,

London. (3rd S. iv. 396.)- In a paper read before the mem

H. FISHWICK. bers of the British Archæological Association, and

DUKE OF KINGston's REGIMENT (3rd S. iv. 269.) printed in vol. xvii. of its Journal, p. 223, Hen- Upon the breaking out of the rebellion in favour rietta-Maria, Queen of Charles I.

, was fully established as the real owner of this heraldic signet. raised a regiment of light horse at his own ex

of the Pretender, in 1745, the Duke of Kingston Mr. H. Syer Cuming, the author of the paper, was

pense, for the support of the reigning sovereign. the first to draw attention to the fact that the M.

This corps particularly distinguished itself at the on the dexter side of the shield has a bar drawn horizontally across it, so as to convert it into a

battle of Culloden in its gallant charge against the very neat monogram of H. and M., the initials of suit. On the suppression of the rebellion' the

Highland clans, and for its activity in their purHenrietta-Maria. The original signet is now in regiment, in accordance with the terms upon the possession of Cardinal Wiseman, who purchased it at the sale of the effects of the Earl of Nottingham; but in consequence of the high ap;

which the men had enlisted, was disbanded at Buchan; and as I have impressions both from the original and from fac-similes, I have no doubt proval of its conduct during its short though that your correspondent T. A. H. will now easily authorised to receive as many of the officers and

eventful service, the Duke of Cumberland was observe the peculiarity of the monogram, and concur with Mr. Cuming in assigning it to Hen- dragoons. All the men except eight, and most of

men as would reengage for his regiment of light rietta-Maria.

M. D.

the officers, availed themselves of this offer. The " PALLAS ARMATA” (3rd S. iv. 373.)- If Moule regiment subsequently served under the Duke in had quoted the complete title of this work he the Netherlands, and evinced signal gallantry at would have perceived that it had no more to do the battle of Laffeld or Val, on Sunday, July 2, with heraldry than with Chinese music. It is a

1747. Two years afterwards, in consequence of work well worthy of perusal whenever the garot- the peace, the regiment was disbanded. ting system again becomes prevalent in our social

THOMAS CARTER. community, and is entitled

Horse Guards. Pallas Armata : the Gentleman's Armorie, wherein

Devil, A PROPER NAME (3rd S. iv, 123.)-On the right and genuine use of the Rapier and of the Sword, the Essex bank of the Thames there is a house as well against the right handed as against the left handed man, is displayed: and now set forth and first published called commonly the Devil's bouse. On looking for the common good by the Author. Printed at London over some old maps, I find it is there designated by I. D. for lohn Williams, at the signe of the Crane in Deval's house. This is a difference of only a S. Paul's Churchyard, 1039. 12mo."

letter. Surely no one would accept or keep such It is dedicated by G. A. (who is he?) to R. a patronymic as Devil. I suspect that Devil's Grenvile, Ja. Clavering, Jo. Wolstonholme, Thos. Lane, Devil's House, Devil's Hill, and other simi

lar appellations, are, sometimes at least, simply Prince Imperial is descended, by the mother's side, from corruptions of Deval, or of Deville. Α. Α. Blanche de France, fille de Saint-Louis.] Poets' Corner.


Oxford. St. Peter's-IN-THE-East (3rd S. iv. 307.) Local traditions as to the existence of subterra- Rob (3rd S. iv. 193.) – A friend informs me neous passages connected with churches are, I

that rob, which Dr. Bell states “is identical with think, rather common. I have often come across many West Indian words for the inspissated juice accounts of them, but at this moment can call of vegetables," is an Arabic word of the same to mind but the following. At Bury Hall, Ed- meaning. Our old cookery books give us remonton, said to have been the residence of the ceipts for making “currant rob" (a very delicious, regicide Bradshaw, there is in one of the cellars if not efficacious, remedy for sore throat); and the opening of a subterraneous passage, now

the word was doubtless imported, with many blocked up, said to lead to the church a mile dis- others of our chemical terms, from the learned

R. tant. Ray, in his Itineraries (“ Select Remains," men of the East. 1760, p. 164) in an account of York Minster,

DISCOVERY OF THE TYRIAN PURPLE (3rd S. iv. reports “That it is said, there is a large vault 353.)-The legend is found in the fourth chapter under the choir, and from thence a passage to of the first book of the Onomasticon of Pollux, Ouse bridge."

W. 'T. DYER.

edit. Hagenoæ, 1521. Blaze has thrown it into a “CLEANLINESS NEXT TO GODLINESS" (1* S. iv. dramatic form ; but it is, in all its essential parts, 491.)-The late Mr. Joshua Watson told me that the same story which is told by Pollux. The he had heard this proverb should be “ Cleanliness lady says: is next to goodliness ;" or, next to the possession “Ούκ έφη προσήκεσθαι του λοιπού τον Ηρακλέα of good looks, tidiness is to be valued. This | ει μή αυτή κομίσειεν εσθήτα των του κυνός χειλών seems a very probable reading. Have any of EVELDÉOtepav." your readers heard it thus quoted ; and if so,

The dog's name is not given, and the lady Tyro by whom, or where ?

A. A.

was a native of the country in no way connected Poets' Corner.

with the mythological characters mentioned by FoXHANGRE (3rd S. iv. 123.) – This worthy, your correspondent W. D. In the fragments of whatever his other sins may have been, certainly Palæphatus" (p. 62), in the edition of Opuscula is not (from onomatoëpy) to be convicted of the Mythologica, Physica, et Ethica, Amstel. 1688, crime by all sportsmen most to be abhorred, that Palæphatus, with his usual rationalising spirit, of vulpicide. He did not hang foxes, but simply gives the story in a much more prosaic form. dwelt by the “ hanger"- banging wood, where His statement is to the following effect. Hercules, foxes delighted to dwell. The word “hanger” is a Tyrian philosopher, was walking on the shore, noticed by Holloway as a hanging wood on the when he observed a shepherd's dog chewing an declivity of a hill. He calls it a Hampshire wood. oyster-from which the dye is procured. The I have also met with it in Surrey. Is such a Shepherd, thinking that the redness round his phrase used in the north ? or, if not, what is its dog's mouth arose from blood, wiped it with some equivalent ?

A. A. wool, which he happened to have in his hand. Poets' Corner.

Hercules, examining it carefully, was surprised St. .) ;

to find that it was not blood, but liquor from the not this have been simply a misreading of some shell-fish ; and proceeding immediately to the king, old black-letter inscription, stating the church to

made him acquainted with his discovery. The be dedicated to St. Mary the Mother, and her king took advantage of this information, and Son: $ : Mar : Mat : filiaz — “Sanctæ Mariæ caused a purple dress to be prepared for his royal Matri filioque."

It does not seem very likely person.. The discovery of purple is very fully that, in the Middle Ages, either Arabic or Syriac treated in a note of Blaise de Vigenere on Philo

There is words should have been used in the dedication of stratus, but I cannot refer to the work. a London church. The above also is nearly equi- also something in the Dionysiaca of Nonnus on valent to the “ Virgini parituræ."

Α. Α.
the subject.

C. T. RAMAGE. Poets' Corner.

Bishop's Dress (3rd S. iv. 247, 359.)– It may THE PRINCE IMPERIAL DESCENDED interest your correspondents who have written on BLANCHE DE FRANCE (3rd S. iv. 306.) – I find the this subject to mention, that the mitre was worn following

note among some MS. papers, and send by Samuel Seabury, Bishop of Connecticut, who it to you just as I jolted it down. The French was consecrated at Aberdeen, in 1784, as the first book referred to was published, I believe, very bishop of the church in America. He must in

deed have been a noble-looking man, if at all like Charles de Tourtoulon — Jacme Ier le Conquérant, his engraved portrait in the vestry of St. Andrew's Roi d'Aragon," etc. [Endeavouring to prove that the in Aberdeen.





The mitre, made of black satin, with a cross on The chronology, as Mr. Woodward observes, the front, and on the back a crown of thorns, is would make against this supposition; but on the preserved in Trinity College, Hartford, U.S.A.; whole it would perhaps be easier to accept the having been presented to it by the Rev. Arthur identification than disallow it merely on the auCleveland Coxe, M.A.-whose beautiful book, thority of such chronology as we have of those Christian Ballads, must be familiar to many of days. In a Life of Merlin, by T. Heywood, 1812, your readers. From a note to the edition of that where the old tales of Brute, &c. are related, work of 1861 (p. 210), it would seem that Bishop Edinburgh Castle is attributed to Ebrank, who is Seabury wore the scarlet hood of a D.D. over his said (p. 6) to have “built also in Scotland the robes; and I have heard that the present Bishop Castle of Maidens, now called Edinburgh Castle." of Brechin does the same on some occasions.

W. BOWEN ROWLANDS. I transcribe the description of the mitre :

P.S. S. Paulinus would seem to have been far “ The mitre with its crown of thorns,

from stationary during his career, having been Its Cross upon the front:

variously traced to North Britain, the Isle of Not for a proud adorning worn,

Man, Caerworgorn, Llandewi Brefi, and Whit-
But for the battle's brunt:
This helmet, with Salvation's sign,

land, to say nothing of his expedition to Rome. Of one whose shield was faith:

He was commemorated Nov. 22, under the title This crown of him, for right divine,

of Polin, Esgob, i.e. Bishop. Who battled unto death!

Roger KENYON (2nd S. i. 49.)-He was son of " Oh keep it, till the moth shall wear Its comeliness to dust,

the Rev. Edward Kenyon, B.D., rector of PrestType of a crown that's laid up where

wich, Lancasbire, and after being educated in There is nor moth, nor rust :

Stockport School, was admitted a pensioner of S. Type of the Lord's commission given,

John's College, Cambridge, April 10, 1682, æt. To this our western shore;

15, his father being then deceased. In 1635-6 he The rod of Christ, the keys of heaven, Through one, to thousands more."

proceeded B.A., being admitted a Fellow of his OXONIENSIS.

college on Mr. Ashton's foundation, March 15,

1686-7. On Feb. 28, 1694-5, he was admitted to Mutilation of SEPULCHRAL MONUMENTS (3ra a medical fellowship in the room of Edward StilS. iv. 363.) – It has long been ruled that lingfleet, M.D. Michael Theobald was elected to person has a right to remove or deface any memo- this fellowship June 10, 1696, but gave way again rial laid or placed in memory of the dead." Over- to Kenyon April 19, 1697. When or how he laying with new tiles old memorial stones is per- ultimately vacated his fellowship, we are not inhaps not destroying them nor defacing them ; but formed : but he took no higher degree than B.A. it certainly is effacing them, and it is a mere On Dec. 22, 1703, he was admitted a Licentiate subterfuge. By a recent Act (24 & 25 Vict. of the College of Physicians. He was a nonjuror, c. 97), there is a provision “ that if any person and instrumental in the publication of Charles shall wilfully destroy or damage (inter alia) any Leslie's Works, 1721. He died at St. Germains. monument or other memorial of the dead, in any We desire to ascertain the date of this event. church or churchyard, he shall be liable to be

C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. imprisoned for six months with hard labour," Cambridge. without excepting the offender from “action at

THE KAISER-SAAL AT FRANKFORT (3rd S. iv. law, and damages for the injury committed.”

352.)—The mottoes of the emperors, copies of the The sooner an example is made the better.

portraits in coloured lithography, with brief bioH. T. ELLACOMBE, M.A.

graphical notices, will be found in the following Clyst St. George.

work, a copy of which is in the Art Library of OBSCURE SCOTTISH Saints (3rd S. iv. 111, 362.) | the South Kensington Museum : Both Nennius and the Annales Cambrie attribute

“ Schott und Hagen. Die deutschen Kaiser. Nach Edwin's baptism to Rum Map Urbgen, or Rhun- den Bildern des Kaiser-Saales im Römer zu Frankfurtab-Urien Rheged; while it has been legitimately am-Main, in Kupfer gestochen und in Farben ausgeinferred from Bede that this sacrament was ad- führt. Mit den Lebensbeschreibungen der Kaiser von ministered to King Edwin by Paulinus, identified

Albert Schott, Professor der deutschen Sprache und with Pawl Hên, the Abbot of Ty-gwyn, or Whit

Literatur am Gymnasium in Stuttgart, und Dr. Karl land, in Carmarthenshire, and instructor of S. S. Frankfurt, 1847."

Hagen, Professor der Geschichte in Heidelberg. Folio. Dewi and Teilo. S. Paulinus was originally a

R. L. North Briton, as stated by Rees, Welsh Saints, p. 187; and Mr. Woodward in his History of Little World.

See that strange work, Wanley's Wonders of the

H. S. G. Wales, London, 1853, p. 153, evidently inclines to the belief that S. Paulinus, Pawl Hên, and Rum MARVEN (3rd S. iv. 268.)—Sir Thomas Murfyn, ab Urien Rheged are one and the same person. Knt., citizen and skinner of London, served the

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