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smilingly upon such an assemblage as this. As Governor Oglesby said last night, “How little do the multitude think of what this country has cost. How little do we realize that more than three hundred thousand men were sacrificed in field, and hospital and prison, that this nation might live. When I think of the number that old song we used to sing in the army, seems almost prophetic, “ We are coming Father Abraham three hundred thousand more,” coming content to die if by dying we can make at least one spot loyal where our bones molder into dust upon the Southern soil. God bless the soldiers dead and the soldiers living, and may you my comrades live many a day to celebrate these reunions, and when you shall pass away, may you gather the drapery of your couch about you and lie down to pleasant dreams. [Applause.]

The President:- I asked for volunteer toasts. I have had but two responses. One is a glee club desire to sing a song very familiar to me, but if you wish to hear it I will invite the Glee Club to sing “ Marching Through Georgia.'

A Colored Glee Club sang “ Marching Through Georgia" with variations quite new to most of the members.

The President:-I am requested by the members of the Society present to call upon Colonel Clark E. Carr for a speech. Give him your attention, if you please. MR. PRESIDENT, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:

I can think of no reason why I should be called upon to speak on this occasion, except it be my heroism in the many battles that I went through during the war.

As some of you know, I had something to do in that line. I was always smart enough however, to get away before the battle was fought or to get on the field just after the battle was over. It was on account of my

heroism or some other reason that the Governor afflicted me with a title. I have always wondered ever since what he had against me when he did it, as I never have been in the service. My friend, Harry Dement, has told a joke on me that they mix me up with my little brother who made such an eloquent address to you this evening. I was introduced to a great audience in the city of New York, and you can imagine my feelings when the young gentleman who went forward, after making a beauti

ful speech, finally wound up with the remark that he was about to present Colonel Carr of Illinois, a gentleman as eloquent in the forum as he was brave in the field. [Laughter.] It has been a kind of an affliction all the time, and I have often thought that if I could wear one of those little copper buttons that one of the speakers alluded to so eloquently, I would be the happiest man in the world. But they won't part with them so easily. It reminds me of the story of a gentleman who spoke about how fond the Indians were of whisky. He said he was out in Dakota, Governor Pierce's state, and an Indian came to him and offered him a dozen ponies, four or five buffalo robes and a lot of moccasins for a pint of whisky. “Well,” I said, “Of course you sold him the pint of whisky?” “Oh, no," he said, "My God, that was the last pint of whisky I had.” [Laughter and applause.] He said, “That just shows how the Indians love wlaisky." [Laughter.] I have wondered what you gentlemen would take for one of those buttons. I believe you would prize it almost as highly as the Indian did whisky. I don't believe you would sell it anyway. As has been said, it is an ornament that might properly adorn a king. Who is there, among the patriotic citizens of this country who have not earned that badge, who does not envy you the honor of wearing it? Still it may not be inappropriate or out of place for me to add some little to what has been so generously suggested to-night, for the citizens. My good friend, over yonder, General Bane, spoke eloquently to us on behalf of the citizens. I recollect when I went with Governor Yates on one of the steamers that left the Shiloh battlefield, we assisted in amputating General Bane's arm on that steamer. I recollect the missions of mercy that some of the citizens carried during those days of terrible trial, and I believe, that you recognize the work of the citizens. All the time through the war, constantly, ques. tions were arising that we had to meet. We remember when we had to meet the question of the Emancipation Proclamation, when we had our great meetings in Chicago and all over the State of Illinois. We remember how we went through those battles hand to hand, and some of us believe, while we were uneducated to be soldiers, that we served our country better than we could in the field. I feel satisfied that I served my country better than I could have done had I gone to the field as a soldier in the army; and I believe that the army will give credit to the citizens. There

are many who deserve it. There was a citizen who came home to Illinois and with one blast of the bugle horn gave us a million of men. It was that great statesman of America, who came and said in Springfield what was heralded all through the length and breadth of this republic, “There are to-day in this country but two parties, patriots and traitors.” [Applause] “The quickest and surest way to peace is the most stupendous preparation for war." All honor to the great citizen, Stephen A. Douglass. [Applause.]

I remember that grand citizen of Illinois, whose name I have mentioned, who went out, and some of us with him, fanning the flame of loyalty all through the length and breadth of this state, Richard Yates, of sacred memory. [Applause.] Yes, the citizen did much. I can not allude to all, even the most eminent. No man can serve this republic more faithfully or effectually in that dark and terrible crisis than did William Henry Seward, whose name will be remembered when presidents are forgotten, [applause] when, by his genius, by his statesmanship he saved us from a war with Great Britian.

I remember the statesmanship and the services of the citizen all through those days. The wonderful ability, statesmanship and genius of Salmon P. Chase, in managing the revenues of the country, will never be forgotten. I believe to-night there are very few, even of the generals in the army, who more effectually served their country than did John Sherman in the Senate of the United States [applause], and Thaddeus Stephens in the House of Representatives. [Applause.] I wish I could mention them all. And so you go back, not only to the late war, but away back in the war of the Revolution and read of the services of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson and all the statesmen of those times, and read of this one act of a citizen, who when the country was bankrupt, not a dollar in the treasury, the currency worthless, was appointed to the highest position, the control of the finances of the government, and who asked of the world that they should loan to the government a million and a half of dollars, that Washington might prosecute the last campaign on the peninsula, which resulted finally in the surrender at Yorktown, and the liberty of America and the establishment of the government of the United States, and they all refused. He could not get a dollar upon the credit of his country and he wrote his own name to a draft, and

with his own personal credit borrowed fifteen hundred thousand dollars, which made it possible for Washington to prosecute the last campaign that resulted in the achievement of American liberty. Need I say I refer to that great patriot statesman, Robert Morris. And it is a singular fact, that under the brutality of the laws of those days Robert Morris in his old age was thrown into prison for a private debt. Such have been some of the services of the citizens of this country.

Gentlemen of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, the speaker from the bottom of his heart thanks you for the distinguished honor given him in calling upon him to speak. [Applause.]

The President:-We have now reached the conclusion of our banquet and we part to-night to meet in Detroit a year hence. My comrades, I will now say good-by; to the ladies, good-night. I hope your dreams will be sweet to-night. I know you are better patriots, if possible, than you were when you came. This meet. ing has been a very pleasant one indeed, to me, and I hope to you all. I declare this meeting adjourned until September, 1987, in the city of Detroit,

Colonel George Ward Nichols died of consumption at Cincinnati, O., September 15th, 1885.

Colonel Nichols was born on the Island of Mt. Desert, Maine, June 21st, 1831. Passed his boyhood days in Massachusetts, but in early manhood moved to Kansas, and took an active part in the political organization of that State.

He entered the army as A. A. D. C., April 25th, 1862, in which capacity he served in West Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley, and during 1863 in the Provost Marshall General's Department. But his service with the Army of the Tennessee did not commence until 1864, by assignment as A. A. D. C. to the staff of Major-General Sherman, in which capacity he accompanied his chief in the famous “ March to the Sea," and afterwards gave to the public in narrative form the scenes and incidents of that memorable campaign under the title of “ The Story of the March."

Soon after the close of the war, he married Maria Longworth, an only daughter of Joseph Longworth, one of the oldest residents of Cincinnati.

The result of this marriage was not in all respects a happy one, but two bright and intelligent children, Joseph and Margaret, are left, who we trust may be taught by some kind friend to appreciate the military services and manly worth of our deceased comrade.

Soon after his location in Cincinnati, he became an acknowledged leader in literary and art circles. In fact, the reputation of Cincinnati, as a musical center, dates from the time when he assumed the direction of the world renowned “May Festivals " of that city, which finally culminated in Mr. Springer's magnificent gift of Music Hall and the establishment of the “ College of Music," of which he was President at the time of his death.

Captain John B. Raymond died at Fargo, Dakota, January 3rd, 1886, of pneumonia.

Captain Raymond was born in New York State in 1844, soon after which the family removed to Illinois.

At the breaking out of the civil war, though but sixteen years of age, he enlisted as a private in the 31st Illinois Volunteer Regiment commanded by Colonel John A. Logan. Two years later, he had attained the rank of Captain, and by assignment served on the staff of General M. D. Leggett. He especially distinguished himself for gallantry at the battle of Atlanta, where he was taken prisoner, but exchanged a few weeks later at Jonesboro.

After the close of the war, he settled in Mississippi, and entered upon a very successful political career. He was subsequently appointed U.S. Marshal of Dakota, creditably serving his full term of four years. He was then elected as delegate to Congress from Dakota, and was so serving at the time of his death. Captain Raymond was a young man of warm heart and generous


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