Foundations of Biogeography: Classic Papers with Commentaries, 1–4. osa

Front Cover
Mark V. Lomolino, Dov F. Sax, James H. Brown
University of Chicago Press, 2004 - 1291 pages
Foundations of Biogeography provides facsimile reprints of seventy-two works that have proven fundamental to the development of the field. From classics by Georges-Louis LeClerc Compte de Buffon, Alexander von Humboldt, and Charles Darwin to equally seminal contributions by Ernst Mayr, Robert MacArthur, and E. O. Wilson, these papers and book excerpts not only reveal biogeography's historical roots but also trace its theoretical and empirical development. Selected and introduced by leading biogeographers, the articles cover a wide variety of taxonomic groups, habitat types, and geographic regions. Foundations of Biogeography will be an ideal introduction to the field for beginning students and an essential reference for established scholars of biogeography, ecology, and evolution.

List of Contributors
John C. Briggs, James H. Brown, Vicki A. Funk, Paul S. Giller, Nicholas J. Gotelli, Lawrence R. Heaney, Robert Hengeveld, Christopher J. Humphries, Mark V. Lomolino, Alan A. Myers, Brett R. Riddle, Dov F. Sax, Geerat J. Vermeij, Robert J. Whittaker

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Contents

From Dissertation 11 On the Increase of the Habitable Earth
14
Natural History General and Particular
16
From Observations Made during a Voyage Round the World
19
From Essai Élémentaire de Géographic Botanique
28
From Essay on the Geography of Plants
49
PAPER 6
58
The American Journal of Science and Arts
88
From the Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of HM Discovery Ships Erebus and Terror in the Years 18391843
109
In Systematic Zoology volume 18
670
From Space Time Form The Biological Synthesis
674
Centers of Origin and Related Concepts
689
In Systematic Zoology volume 23
712
A Method of Analysis for Historical Biogeography
716
Diversification
763
From Evolution above the Species Level
773
From Systematics and the Origin of Species
795

PAPER 9
118
From Darwiniana Essays and Reviews Pertaining to Darwinism
134
From On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life
140
The Geographical Distribution of Animals
164
From The History of Creation or the Development of the Earth and Its Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes
178
SCIENCE
194
North American Fauna
202
From Climate and Evolution
234
From Zoogeography of the Sea
245
From An Introduction to Historical Plant Geography
249
Earth History Vicariance and Dispersal
267
From The Origin of Continents and Oceans
277
From Transantarctic Relationships and Their Significance as Evidenced by Chironomid Midges
295
The Quarterly Review of Biology
315
JOURNAL of the WASHINGTON ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
339
THE BEARING OF CERTAIN PALEOZOOGEOGRAPHIC DATA ON CONTINENTAL DRIFT
350
From Biogeography of the Southern End of the World
391
Mammalian Evolution and the Great American Interchange
403
ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF SUEZ CANALA CENTURY OF LESSEPSIAN MIGRATION RETROSPECT AND VIEWPOINTS
410
Species Ranges
433
PAPER 27
440
Index to the Plates
488
Two approaches to zoogeography a study based on the distributions of butterflies birds and bats in the IndoAustralian area
520
From The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants
559
Why Mountain Passes Are Higher in the Tropics
578
Late Pleistocene History of Coniferous Woodland in the Mohave Desert
595
The Late Quaternary vegetational history of the equatorial mountains
603
The Discovery of America
625
4 Revolutions in Historical Biogeography
631
From Transantarctic Relationships and Their Significance as Evidenced by Chironomid Midges
642
Phylogenetic Systematics
663
Works Cited
815
From Darwins Finches
817
Area Climate and Evolution
836
Patterns of Taxonomic and Ecological Structure of the Shelf Benthos During Phanerozoic Time
859
Taxonomic Diversity during the Phanerozoic
885
6 The Importance of Islands
909
SPECIES AND AREA
920
Evolution
948
EXPERIMENTAL ZOOGEOGRAPHY OF ISLANDS A TWOYEAR RECORD OF COLONIZATION
963
MAMMALS ON MOUNTAINTOPS NONEQUILIBRIUM INSULAR BIOGEOGRAPHY
967
In Science vol 184
979
THE ISLAND DILEMMA LESSONS OF MODERN BIOGEOGRAPHIC STUDIES FOR THE DESIGN OF NATURAL RESERVES
983
Assembly Rules
1005
From Zoogeography The Geographic Distribution of Animals
1014
COMPETITION AND THE STRUCTURE OF ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES
1019
THE GENERIC RELATIONS OF SPECIES IN SMALL ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES
1034
GRADIENT ANALYSIS OF VEGETATION
1042
From Geographical Ecology Patterns in the Distribution of Species
1100
14 Assembly of Species Communities
1105
THE ASSEMBLY OF SPECIES COMMUNITIES CHANCE OR COMPETITION?
1113
Gradients in Species Diversity Why Are There So Many Species in the Tropics?
1123
AMERICAN SCIENTIST
1133
Species Density of Norm American Recent Mammals
1164
LATITUDINAL GRADIENTS IN SPECIES DIVERSITY A REVIEW OF CONCEPTS
1181
From Geographical Ecology Patterns in the Distribution of Species
1195
Works Cited
1231
VEGETATION OF THE SANTA CATALINA MOUNTAINS ARIZONA V BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND DIVERSITY ALONG THE ELEVATIO...
1232
References
1253
Contributors
1265
Index
1267

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About the author (2004)

Mark V. Lomolino is an associate professor at the State University of New York's College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, and current president of the International Biogeography Society. He is coauthor, with James H. Brown, of Biogeography.

Dov F. Sax is a research biologist and lecturer at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and secretary of the International Biogeography Society.

James H. Brown is a Distinguished Professor of Biology at the University of New Mexico, and past president of the International Biogeography Society. He is author of Macroecology, also published by the University of Chicago Press.

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