Page images

Street, within five days, and pay a fine of £1 and costs.

As per resolution No. , I have during the week procured ten samples of milk, which the analyst reports upon in his certificates.

I beg to lay before you a complaint I have received from the residents in Terrace, respecting the impure state of the water in the well. There is every appearance of contamination from the adjoining midden.. Should be glad for your instructions thereon.

I have received the accompanying application for a slaughter-house license from Mr.

No. 10, Street. I would recommend the application to be refused, as the locality is overcrowded and very unsuitable.

Yours obediently,


Sanitary Inspector.

TABLE No. l.

Offences against which complaint has been made to the

City Bench of Magistrates, under the provisions of the “ Public Health Act."

Nature of Offence.

Number of Orders
Summonses granted,


Penalties imposed.


Selling unwholesome and

diseased meat Neglecting to provide closet

accommodation after re

ceiving notice Neglecting to abate over

crowding in dwelling

houses Neglecting to repair defec

tive drains Neglecting to repair defec

tive water-closets ... Obstructing inspector in the

execution of his duty ... Neglecting to convert pri

vies into water-closets ... Keeping animals in such a

state as to be a nuisance



[blocks in formation]

TABLE No. 2. Showing the Amount of Bad Meat and other Unwhole

some Commodities Seized and Destroyed during

Class of Meat

Seized by Inspector.

Number Number Number Weight of of Con- Amount of in


victions of Penalties Seizures. Pounds Sum

and Imposed. moned. Orders.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Nuisances reported by inspector
Legal notices served to abate nuisance
Nuisances abated
Cases of fever reported (chiefly illnesses)
Cases of small-pox
Houses disinfected
Applications to magistrates for orders for removal of

nuisances ...
as granted

ces issued

240 165 220 30

2 36

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

: : : :

[ocr errors]

టటలో 0

13 13

i :



... 31,049 6,336

21 33 10

9 2,930



Population of City in 1871 ...
Dwelling-houses at present
Licensed slaughter-houses
Public bakehouses
Marine storedealers
Common lodging-houses (registered)
Public urinals ...
Public mortuary
Public baths
Public sewers, miles
Special ventilators at present
No. of manholes
No. of lampholes
Dwelling-houses built in 1876


[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]


... ...

[ocr errors]

... ... ...

12 11 223 147 131

It may

be in the remembrance of some readers that in the year 1875 an inquiry was ordered to be made as to the several “Modes of treating Town Sewage," which inquiry was conducted by R. Rawlinson, Esq., C.E., C.B., Chief Engineering Inspector to the Local Government Board, and C. S. Read, Esq., M.P. This inquiry was duly made, and presented to both Houses of Parliament during 1876. The conclusions arrived at in that inquiry are of so much value to the inspector, that I considered it wise to repeat them in this work.


1.-That the scavenging, sewering, and cleansing of towns are necessary for comfort and health; and that in all cases these operations involve questions of how to remove the refuse of towns in the safest manner and at the least expense to the ratepayer.

2.—That the retention for any lengthened period of refuse and excreta in privy cesspits or in cesspools, or in stables, cowsheds, slaughter-houses, or other places in the midst of towns, must be utterly condemned ; and that none of the (so-called) dry earth or pail systems, or improved privies, can be approved other than as palliatives for cesspit middens, because the excreta is liable to be a nuisance during the period of retention, and a cause of nuisance in its removal; and, moreover, when removed leaves the crude sewage, unless otherwise dealt with by filtration through land, to pollute any watercourse or river into which such sewage may flow. We have no desire, however, to condemn the dry-earth or pail systems for detached houses, or for public institutions in the country, or for villages, provided the system adopted is carefully carried out.

3.-That the sewering of towns and the draining of houses must be considered a primary necessity under all conditions and circumstances, so that the sub-soil water may be lowered in wet districts, and may be preserved from pollution, and that waste water may be removed from houses without delay; and that the surfaces and channels of streets, yards, and courts may be preserved clean.

« EelmineJätka »