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Street, within five days, and pay a fine of £1 and costs.
As per resolution No. , I have during the week procured ten samples of milk, which the analyst reports upon in his certificates.
I beg to lay before you a complaint I have received from the residents in Terrace, respecting the impure state of the water in the well. There is every appearance of contamination from the adjoining midden.. Should be glad for your instructions thereon.
I have received the accompanying application for a slaughter-house license from Mr.
No. 10, Street. I would recommend the application to be refused, as the locality is overcrowded and very unsuitable.
TABLE No. l.
Offences against which complaint has been made to the
City Bench of Magistrates, under the provisions of the “ Public Health Act."
Nature of Offence.
Selling unwholesome and
diseased meat Neglecting to provide closet
accommodation after re
ceiving notice Neglecting to abate over
crowding in dwelling
houses Neglecting to repair defec
tive drains Neglecting to repair defec
tive water-closets ... Obstructing inspector in the
execution of his duty ... Neglecting to convert pri
vies into water-closets ... Keeping animals in such a
state as to be a nuisance
TABLE No. 2. Showing the Amount of Bad Meat and other Unwhole
some Commodities Seized and Destroyed during
Class of Meat
Seized by Inspector.
Number Number Number Weight of of Con- Amount of in
victions of Penalties Seizures. Pounds Sum
and Imposed. moned. Orders.
TABLE No. 3.-SANITARY WORK.
240 165 220 30
: : : :
TABLE No. 4.-GENERAL INFORMATION.
... 31,049 6,336
21 33 10
Population of City in 1871 ...
... ... ...
12 11 223 147 131
be in the remembrance of some readers that in the year 1875 an inquiry was ordered to be made as to the several “Modes of treating Town Sewage," which inquiry was conducted by R. Rawlinson, Esq., C.E., C.B., Chief Engineering Inspector to the Local Government Board, and C. S. Read, Esq., M.P. This inquiry was duly made, and presented to both Houses of Parliament during 1876. The conclusions arrived at in that inquiry are of so much value to the inspector, that I considered it wise to repeat them in this work.
1.-That the scavenging, sewering, and cleansing of towns are necessary for comfort and health; and that in all cases these operations involve questions of how to remove the refuse of towns in the safest manner and at the least expense to the ratepayer.
2.—That the retention for any lengthened period of refuse and excreta in privy cesspits or in cesspools, or in stables, cowsheds, slaughter-houses, or other places in the midst of towns, must be utterly condemned ; and that none of the (so-called) dry earth or pail systems, or improved privies, can be approved other than as palliatives for cesspit middens, because the excreta is liable to be a nuisance during the period of retention, and a cause of nuisance in its removal; and, moreover, when removed leaves the crude sewage, unless otherwise dealt with by filtration through land, to pollute any watercourse or river into which such sewage may flow. We have no desire, however, to condemn the dry-earth or pail systems for detached houses, or for public institutions in the country, or for villages, provided the system adopted is carefully carried out.
3.-That the sewering of towns and the draining of houses must be considered a primary necessity under all conditions and circumstances, so that the sub-soil water may be lowered in wet districts, and may be preserved from pollution, and that waste water may be removed from houses without delay; and that the surfaces and channels of streets, yards, and courts may be preserved clean.