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" (10.) He shall, subject to the directions of the sani

tary authority, attend to the instructions of the medical officer of health with respect to any measures which can be lawfully taken by an inspector of nuisances under the Public Health Act, 1875, for preventing the spread of any contagious, infectious, or epi.

demic disease of a dangerous character. (11.) He shall enter from day to day, in a book to

be provided by the sanitary authority, particulars of his inspections and of the action taken by him in the execution of his duties. He shall also keep a book or books, to be provided by the sanitary authority, 80 arranged as to form, as far as possible, a continuous record of the sanitary condition of each of the premises in respect of which any action has been taken under the Public Health Act, 1875, and shall keep any other systematic records that the sanitary authority

may require. (12.) He shall at all reasonable times, when applied

to by the medical officer of health, produce to him his books, or any of them, and render to him such information as he may be able to furnish with respect to any matter to which the duties of inspector of nuisances

relate. " (13.) He shall, if directed by the sanitary authority

to do so, superintend and see to the due execution of all works which may be undertaken under their direction for the suppres

sion or removal of nuisances within the

district. " (14.) In matters not specifically provided for in this

Order, he shall observe and execute all the lawful orders and directions of the sanitary authority, and the Orders of the Local Government Board which may be hereafter issued applicable to his office.

Given under the Seal of Office of the Local

Government Board, this Tenth day of March, in the year One thousand eight hundred and eighty.

“G. SCLATER-Booth, President. “ John LAMBERT, Secretary.

It must be borne in mind that the subjects bearing upon the duties of the sanitary inspector are so numerous and of so much importance, that to thoroughly exhaust each one it would enlarge the book to an enormous size, and very much increase the expense of the same.

It is therefore advisable to introduce such matter only as is of the most pressing importance.

First class works are published on some of the subjects separately, to which for further information the reader is respectfully referred. For the sanitary law relating to the metropolis, see Woolrych's Metropolis Local Management Acts, 1880. For the sanitary law relating to the provinces, see Glen's Public Health Act, 1875.




The principal Acts which apply to the metropolis in connection with the duties of the inspector are

The Metropolis Local Management Act, 1855.
The Metropolis Local Management Act, 1862.
The Nuisance Removal Act, 1855.
The Nuisance Removal Act, 1860.
The Nuisance Removal Act, 1863.
The Sanitary Act, 1866.
The Sanitary Act, 1868.
The Sanitary Law Amendment Act, 1874.
The Metropolis Slaughter-house Act, 1874.
The Sale of Food and Drugs Act, 1875.
The Sale of Food and Drugs Act Amendment Act,

The Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act, 1878.

It is essential to observe that in the year 1875 the numerous preceding Sanitary Acts were consolidated and amended by the passing of the Public Health Act,

London, however, was exempted from its operation. It will thus be seen that outside the metropolis the 1875 Act is in force, and that the various Nuisance Removal Acts mentioned above are still in force within the metropolitan boundary.


The Food and Drugs Act, 1875, and Amended Act, 1879, however, apply to the whole of England, Ireland, and Scotland. The 1875 Act is known as the principal Act and that of 1879 as the amendment to the principal Act.


The Metropolis Local Management Act, 1855, section 133, provides for the appointment of inspectors of nuisances by the vestries and district boards.

The Nuisance Removal Amendment Act, 1860, section 9, also provides for the appointment of inspectors of nuisances.

Definition of Nuisances.

The definition of a nuisance is found in section 8 of the Nuisance Removal Act, 1855. It is also further amended by section 19 of the Sanitary Act, 1866. Therefore the word nuisance now reads as defined by the 91st section of the Public Health Act, 1875, which will be found in Chapter III. of this book, excepting that the words “ whether or not members of the same family,” are omitted for the metropolis.

Diseased and Unsound Food.

Nuisance Removal Amendment Act (26 & 27 Vict.

c. 117) 1863.

By the Sanitary Law Amendment Act, 1874, the word “milk” is added to the list mentioned in the


following sections.

sections. · (See Woolrych’s Metropolis. Management Acts, p. 636.)

As to the detection of unsound meat, see Chapter VII.

Section 2, Act 1863.

The medical officer and inspector of nuisances may at all reasonable times inspect any animal, carcase, meat, poultry, flesh, fish, fruit, vegetables, corn, bread, flour (or milk) exposed, deposited, or in preparation for sale, and intended for the food of man, and may seize and carry it away, if found unfit for the food of



Offensive Trades.

Under section 2 of the Slaughter-house (Metropolis) Act, 1874, any person who establishes anew the trade of

Blood Boiler,
Manure Manufacturer,
Tallow Melter,
Bone Boiler,
Soap Boiler, or

shall be liable to a penalty of fifty pounds.


As to the regulation of cow-houses, see section 93, Metropolis Local Management Act, 1862. As to the registration of cowkeepers, dairymen, and purveyors of

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