Page images
PDF
EPUB

foreseen circumstances or obstacles inter-1 On the 10th of December, 1864, he wrote vened, to press still further forward, and if a letter from the West End of Rowe's Welpossible reach the open Polar Sea, and per- come, a strait between Southampton Island haps return by way of Behring Strait. If and the main land, in the north part of Hudimpeded he expected to return from his son's Bay, that he had received information expedition to King William's Land about from the Esquimaux that some time preSeptember of 1868, and take up his quar-vious to 1854 an Indian, while engaged in ters for the winter at Repulse Bay. Last sealing, saw four white men not far from year be wintered in this locality, and at the Pelly Bay, one of whom he recognized as time Dr. Goold saw him was in 66 degrees Crozier, having seen him before. Crozier 28 minutes north latitude, and longitude 81 was nothing but skin and bones, nearly degrees 5 minutes west."

starved to death, while the others were fat,

having been living on the flesh of their From The Transcript, 30 Sept. companions who escaped from the vessels, CAPT. HALL AND THE FRANKLIN EXPE- which Crozier would not eat. The EsquiDITION.

maux took care of the men, and gradually THE accounts received from Captain Hall Crozier gained flesh and strength. They of the information he has obtained from the lived some time with the Indians in the Esquimaux in regard to the fate of a por- neighborhood, and having guns and plenty tion of the survivors of the Franklin Expe- of ammunition, they killed a great many dition are deeply interesting, and if true, ducks and other birds. At length, Crozier reveal an amount of endurance on the part and two men, one having died, left the Inof Europeans of the rigors of the Arctic dians, who had been kind to them, and climate unparalleled in the history of expe- started for the white men's country, taking ditions to that inhospitable region. It will a southerly direction. The Indians had heard be recollected that Captain McClintock nothing from them since, but they did not found, in May, 1859, on King William's believe they were dead. Such is the subLand, the record left by the Franklin Ex- stance of Captain Hall's letter. pedition, stating that Sir John Franklin was Dr. Goold, who had recently arrived from dead, that the Terror and Erebus were de- Cumberland Inlet, states that he saw Capserted on the 22d of April, 1848, and that tain Hall in August, 1867, at Repulse Bay, the officers and crew, consisting of 105 which is in the immediate neighborhood of souls, under the command of Captain Cro- Southampton Island and that part of Rowe's zier, were to start on the 26th for Back's Welcome where Captain Hall wrote the letFish River. Traces of that march along ter above referred to. He says that Capthe west coast of King William's Land tain Hall learned from some Esquimaux that were found by McClintock, and a skeleton Captain Crozier and one of the Franklin lying upon its face testified to the truth of crew died in the neighborhood of Souththe remark of an old Esquimaux woman ampton Island in 1864, while endeavoring " that they fell down and died as they to make their way to that place in the hope walked along." This record is all the di- of meeting a whaler to convey them home. rect intelligence ever received from the ex- Captain Hall had obtained Captain Cropedition. Dr. Rae obtained information zier's watch and some articles of silver and from the Esquimaux near Pelly Bay, in trinkets. From the above it will be seen April, 1854, of the fate of the party under that Captain Crozier left the Indians in the Captain Crozier, which, in connection with neighborhood of Pelly Bay before 1854, the character of the country they were and died in the neighborhood of Southamptraversing, convinced him that they perished ton Island in 1867, spending ten or more from starvation. This conviction was years in making a journey which Dr. Rae strengthened hy information obtained by accomplished in seventeen days. Ten years Mr. James Anderson from the natives near of wanderings terminated by death within the mouth of Fish River, in July, 1855, and sight of the shore which was to afford him by Captain McClintock from the natives at the means of rescue! King William's Land, in 1859. So that. This is a sad story enough, and one canthe most experienced Arctic naval authori- not help hoping that it is founded on incorties in England were satisfied that none of rect information. It is certainly very strange the missing navigators could be living. that if Crozier and his companions had spent Still it was possible some might be living considerable time in the neighborhood of with the Esquimaux, and it was to settle Pelly Bay previous to 1854, Dr. Rae, who this question and to rescue such unfortu- visited the place in the spring of that year, nate persons that Captain C.F. Hall started should have heard nothing of ther, the naon his travels.

tives informing him that they had not seen

M.

any white men. And it is also strange that and perform by energetic movements the if Crozier died in the neighborhood of only useful service which such a distant deSouthampton Island in 1864, Capt. Hall, tachment could give — namely, to prevent who was near there that year, should not a concentration of all the Austrian armies have heard of it through the natives at the against the Prussians at the decisive motime he wrote his letter from Rowe's Wel- ment. come in December. But it is idle to specu What Napoleon did, was to instruct La late. Dr. Goold says that Capt. Hall in- Marmora to deceive the Prussians, to fight tended to visit King William's Land, and and lose the battle of Custozza; and this it is to be hoped that on his way he will be done, to do nothing more. Napoleon's able to gain such additional information as calculation was, that the Prussians would will confirm the truth of his story, or dis- be fatally embarrassed by this defeat and prove it altogether. That he will find any inaction of the Italians; that the Austrians record on King William's Land is very would be able to concentrate all their ardoubtful, as Captain McClintock has mies against the Prussians; that the war searched that island very thoroughly, and, would thus be protracted, and both parties brought away all that was found. As for to it exhausted; and then he was to play “King William” and his force of two hun- the part of mediator, and demand as his redred, they are the creatures of somebody's ward the surrender of territory to the Rhine. imagination.

He meantime promised Venice to Italy, in

any case, THE STARS IN THEIR COURSES FOUGHT But the decisive battle of Sadowa totally AGAINST SISERA.

broke down this well-planned piece of treachThat the Emperor of France was sur-ery. The Prussians, by their military genprised and disappointed at the result of the ius, daring and fine soldiership, achieved remarkable seven weeks' campaign of Prus- alone that which they had expected to do sia against Austria, in 1866, was very well only with the help of Italy. Sadowa placed known, for he was unable to conceal his the Austrian capital as completely at the mortification and embarrassment. That he mercy of the Prussians as though La Marhad intrigued with Italy against the inter- mora had been an honest man; and Napo'ests of Prussia was suspected, soon after leon, to his dismay and chagrin, found Sadowa; but it is only recently that the that his unscrupulous cunning only brought precise nature and the extent of this in- him what he must have felt a double defeat. trigue have been revealed, in the course of a “The stars in their courses fought” against quarrel between General La Marmora, who him. lost the battle of Custozza, and the Prussian It is easy to see that this story of La MarCount Usedom, who was in 1866 envoy in Italy. mora's treachery, and of Napoleon's unscru

It seems now to be established upon good pulous use of Italy to her own disgrace, authority that La Marmora, who was in 1866 will not increase the number of the French President of the Italian Cabinet and Minis- Emperor's friends in Europe, or make his ter for Foreign Affairs, most treacherously reign pleasanter. The Italians, who came revealed to Napoleon the whole Prussian out of the war of 1866 disgraced and bumplan of campaign, and acted, in the manage- bled, will hate with a bitter hatred the ment of the Italian part of the war, under French Emperor, who arranged beforehand the instruction of Napoleon, and with a bad their defeat and disgrace. The Prussians, faith towards Prussia, the ally of Italy, which who now see that Napoleon, by a singular ought to make his name odious throughout act of treachery, planned their defeat, will not Europe.

hate him the less that his plan was itself deNapoleon, it seems, could not openly feated, and that they escaped the trap he withstand Bismarck; but with characteristic had prepared for them. cunning, and that cynical disregard of hu It begins to look as though Napoleon had man life which the Napoleons imagine to be lived too long. He is getting found out, statesmanship, he prepared to benefit him- His treachery, his dishonesty, his readiness self by the war, in which, he believed, with to benefit by the disasters of others, have the aid of the traitor La Marmora, he could been exposed so often, that men begin to so manage, without taking any open part, see him in his true colors — to see what an as to cause Prussia to be crippled and laid arrant knave and cheat he is. But they see at his mercy.

more; for they see him defeated at every The Prussian plan of campaign, commu- turn, in Mexico and in Germany, and exnicated to Prussia's ally Italy, contemplated posed thus to the contempt which justly a decisive and determined attack upon Aus- overtakes a detected and defeated rogue. tria, in which the Italian armies were to

N. Y. Evening Post, 26 Sept. march directly upon the Austrian capital,

From The Examiner. great mistake. If order and prosperity are DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH MEXICO.

to be promoted in Mexico, it can only be

done by fortifying that form of government THE ghost of the Mexican Expedition, on which the nation has evidently set its which caused such dismay among believers in heart. Practical men will agree on this Napoleonic statecraft, is not yet laid. A few point with the adherents of principle. days ago another stormy debate on that ap It is to be deplored, under these circumparently inexhaustible subject took place in stances, that international relations have not the Corps Législatif, on which occasion the yet been restored between England and members of the Imperial Cabinet received Mexico. Lord Stanley. indeed, in his resome hard hits which they were wholly un- cent reply to Mr. Kinglake's interpellation, able to parry. The revelations made in the declared that our Government are ready to book of M. de Kératry have powerfully told agree to a reconciliation, but he added that upon public opinion in France, and all that the offer must come from Mexico, “not the Minister could do by way of refutation from us." He acknowledged that the Rewas to call the author “ce monsieur." publican Government had right on its side

The documentary evidence furnished by when it chose to consider the recognition M. de Kératry is interesting. But it will of the Empire as an act of hostility, but he probably pale before the astounding revela- thinks it imprudent on the part of that Gova tions which we are told will be contained in ernment to keep harping on its right. He a new work, entitled · History of the Inter- therefore says that England will simply vention,' about to be published under the wait until the Government of Mexico shall sanction of the Mexican Government and approach her with a proposal for the reCongress. It is to appear in four languages sumption of diplomatic relations. simultaneously, Spanish, French, English, The Foreign Secretary does not suffiand German. Its author, a free-minded ciently take into account the position in Frenchman who has stood faithful to the which the Mexican Republic is placed. cause of Mexican independence and self- Naturally, the theory of its rulers, defendgovernment against the vainglorious Bona- ers, and adherents has always been, that partist policy, is in possession of upwards the invasion was a mere incident; that the of a thousand documents of the greatest im- Government of the Republic, founded on portance, which have not yet been published the free suffrages of the people, was the nor even alluded to, whilst they are calcula- only legal one; and that there is, conseted to throw a lucid light on the more oc- quently, no solution of "continuity” in the cult doings of the French Court, on the re-existence of their democratic commonlations between the Archduke Maximilian wealth. This theory is supported by reaand Louis Napoleon, on the influence of the son as well as by fact. Every Government Empress Charlotte, on the attitude of the which, in a struggle continued without inHoly See towards the Imperial Court of termission, has succeeded in repelling a forMexico, on Maximilian's financial opera- eign invasion, would act, we presume, as tions, and so forth. The appearance of President Juarez has done. He declares this work will no doubt inflict another heavy that the Republic never broke off diplomatic blow on the prestige of Napoleonism. relations with the European Powers, but Well may England congratulate herself that several of these Powers broke off relathat she had the wisdom to withdraw at an tions with the Republic, making war upon

1 early hour from an enterprise so deeply it and acknowledging the so-called Empire. fraught with disastrous consequences to all If these Powers now desire to resume relaconcerned. The Federal Government of tions of amity, it is clearly for them to take the Mexican States has never for a moment, the first step, in reparation. If the Repubduring the foreign invasion, ceased to strug- lican Government were to take the first gle against the aggressor. Its efforts, step, it might, in a certain sense, be held to thanks to the energy and perseverance of imply a recognition of the Empire of MaxiPresident Juarez, and thanks also to the milian during the time of the invasion. favour of circumstances, were at last “ This," President Juarez practically says, crowned with success. Even those who be- “ we cannot do. We must uphold the thelieved for awhile in the possibility of a ory of the legal continuity of the republiFranco-Austrian Empire on Mexican soil, can form of government a theory which and who were ready to condone the acts of is in accordance with facts. Such a proterror by which it was to be established for cedure is for us a safeguard against reacsake of the benefits which they thought tionary intrigues; and that safeguard we would accrue to the cause of order and shall not throw away." prosperity, must now see that they made a This view, we may here add, has the de

cided support, not only of the German gest of their · Recollections' as this Prince. Press in general, among which the Rheinische Written with no apparent purpose of proZeitung has spoken out most clearly, but ducing effect, or even with the design of even of the Liberal Austrian Press. It publication, the literary merit of the work might be expected that the fate of Maximil- is very considerable. We meet with deian would induce Austrian journals to be scriptions which are vivid, reflections which rather severe against the Mexican Republic. are simple but ardent, and an acquaintance But the fact is that papers like the Neue with several branches of art which, perhaps, Freie Presse of Vienna, a Liberal organ of the majority of readers had hardly been led the most extensive circulation, and one to expect from Maximilian. We should say, which exereises great influence even beyond for example, that Naples bas seldom been the frontiers of Austria, acknowledge in the better described, nor Pisa, Pompeii, Lucca, strongest terms that the procedure of the Baiæ, and Capri. Those who have visited Mexican Government is the only one which these places will recognise at once that no it could possibly take without dereliction of unskilled or unfamiliar hand has touched national dignity. We speak of articles that these modest yet artistic pictures. But the have appeared since the reply to Mr. King- author seems especially to delight in delake's interpellation was given by Lord scribing works of art, and to excel in the deStanley. Now, when the Austrian Press scription. After wandering through the maintains such views, we think the English Pitti gallery at Florence, he notes down in Government might make the first step to his diary, with regard to a picture of the wards a reconciliation without fear for its First Napoleon, whose soul the artist had own dignity. In the interest of trade and depicted as in hell: commerce the re-establishment of a regular intercourse ought not to be delayed any Napoleon in hell in one of them, and this is but

The Pisans recognise with delight the head of longer.

natural; it is characteristic of mankind to condemn the hated fallen enemy, and to rejoice over

his disgrace; one does not risk anything by it, From The Examiner.

for he has become harmless. As long as the Recollections of My Life. By Maximilian Pisan hell-figure was called Roi d'Italie, there I., Emperor of Mexico. Bentley.

was not gold enough to be found to represent

the nimbus In his apotheosis; but the god of the In the Midsummer of 1851, Maximilian day fell from the heavens, and the holy light was started on his first sea-voyage. “I was converted into the glow of hell. sic transit glad,” he says, “to realise my much-longed- gloria mundi. for desire. Accompanied by several ac And, again, in speaking of the necessary quaintances, I put off from the dearly-loved influence of religious belief on art, he says: shore of Africa. This moment was one of great excitement to me, for it was the first Constantinople had fallen before the sword of time I confided myself to the sea for a long phy and the rich sciences of the East found a

Mohammed. Græco-Byzantine art and philoso trip. We dashed rapidly through the waves, home in Italy, through the luxurious spirit of and already, at about a quarter past seven the Medici,

which in its turn conferred splen(July 30th), amidst the strains of the na- dour on their new dynasty. The tiara was tional hymn, we went on board the frigate borne by a Medici, and the hitherto forgotten Novara, our future floating palace, of which treasures of Rome were wedded to Greek recthe name itself was a good omen to every ollections, which brought forth a new epoch in Austrian,"

art, the Mythologico-Christian. The Lord's Throughout the first volume of these Supper was celebrated in the Temple : Venus Recollections' we are treated only to the got the same court-rank as the God-mother. It visits of the Prince to Italy, Andalusia, and was in harmony with such a state of things to Granada. Nothing of a political kind is blend the customs of antiquity with those of found in this volume in the way of refer- modern times, and call this philosophy. But ence, opinion, or incident. It is simply a from this resulted an unsatisfied Ideal. Men dismost interesting record, a “diary," of Max- covered that the gods of antiquity only repreimilian's pleasure-trip in days 'when the sented men ; and the pride of the senses which shadows of his future throne could cast no took possession of the heart, and laid in it the

first produced great things in art and science, gloom on his imagination; but when, surronnded by his friends, he opened his heart themselves to be a kind of divinity, needing no

germ of atheism. The very princes believed to free enjoyment and his mind to intelli- longer to be afraid of the old God. They nursed gent observation. Few tourists, if we may religion only as a convenient state institution for apply the word to such a traveller, have their subjects. In France Francis I. was the contributed to the press so admirable a di- chief supporter of the worship of the Syrens,

we

we

must

round which he attempted to throw a nimbus and busts of the King." We can appreciate by the arts of Italy. Catherine di Medici was the satirical remark of Maximilian on this too zealous in the service of Aphrodite, and Louis odd conjuncture: “I do not like to see, XIV. Jupiterised himself entirely: A vanity during a monarch's lifetime, monuments that could be satisfied, vanity and the apotheosis everywhere erected to him, out of base of sensuality, became the philosophy of rulers.

flattery." These ideas soon descended to the people, and

In the second part of the introductory volwere fed by their rulers and celebrated in their songs, and finally had their chief representative ume we find our traveller in Andalusia; and, in Voltaire. France saved Italy partly by con

at first, a minute description of the Cathecentrating these ideas in herself”; but she had to dral of Seville, and, afterwards, one of the pay for this glory with her blood. The tombs of Cathedral of Granada, occupy considerable the Medici produce thoughts of a very cold and space. Then we take a sudden leap into a terrible kind.

wholly different kind of entertainment; and We find but passing allusions in this

vol- scribe at length a magnificent description wish that space would

permit us to tranume to any of the royal persons whom mod- of a genuine bull-fight, which the Prince ern revolutions rendered illustrious, at least had the fortune (or ill-fortune) to witness, by circumstance if not in character.

for the first time in his life, at Seville. But Naples Maximilian met King Ferdinand, of whom perhaps he might be supposed to be

content ourselves with merely thinking when, in another part of his diary: will at least be easily comprehended by

giving his after-thoughts, some of which he wrote: “ It is only when a man either

• How the feelings does deeds, or resists a progressive devel- every English reader. opment, that his name is noted down in " in so short a space as a quarter of an hour !

a man can be changed,” says the Prince, the books of Clio."

On entering, I felt uneasy, and very uncomA tall strong man, with short cropped hair fortable; and now a mania for the bloody and beard, and with a laced three-cornered hat, spectacle possessed me.” And again: “The received us ; my good genius whispered to me spectator's nature is soon changed; his orithat it was the King Indeed, it must have ginal nature is awakened; wild passion been a higher revelation, for I had imagined gains the mastery, and he is annoyed when King Ferdinand to be a different man. His fig- the bull does not succeed in his deadly ure still floated before me indistinctly, as I saw thrust, when phases of the fight are not him fifteen years ago in Vienna, when he was a young man of twenty-six years of age. Now, to steeped deep enough in blood.” All this be sure, he was forty-one, but, from bis appear

one can perfectly comprehend; but there ance, one would have taken him for a man con- follows a passage which will shock the tensiderably above fifty ; so much has the destroying der susceptibilities of not a few of those dispower of the South and the influence of the years cerning critics, who draw a very wide disof revolution worked upon him. Later, when I tinction between taking a personal and hazhad an opportunity of examining him more ardous part in cruel sport, and merely assistclosely, I recognised the features of his youth, ing as a neutral spectator at a risk incurred bat his fine black hair had turned grey and his by others : fuce had become wrinkled. He wore the rather plain uniform of one of his regiments of Grena

I love such festivals, in which the original nadiers, which he prefers, I was told, to all others ture of man comes out in its truth ; and much since the revolution. The riband of the Aus- prefer them to the enervating, immoral entertrian Order of St. Stephen was hanging over his tainments of other luxurious and degenerate shoulder. He received me in the most friendly countries. Here bulls perish, there heart and manner, and conducted me directly to the Queen. soul sink in a weak, sentimental frivolity. I do

not deny it, I love the olden time! not that of Elsewhere he describes the eldest son of the last century, where, amidst hair-powder and the King, the present Francis II., who was insipid idyls, men glided over a fulse paradise then but fifteen years of age. “ The poor down the yawning abyss. No ! the time of our young man is very timid; which may arise ancestors, when chivalrous feeling was developed partly from the manner in which he is edu- in the tournaments, when vigorous women did cated. He is kept out of the world that he not ask for their smelling-bottle at every drop may remain child-like.” A curious obser- of blood, nor feigned a swoon, when the wild vation also is to be found, about this date, and not as now, behind barricades ; this was a

boar and bear were hunted in the open forest, to the effect that two things struck Maxi- vigorous time which brought forth strong chilmilian principally during his visit to the dren. What remains to us of this heritage of docks and arsenal of Naples — "the great the manly amusements of cur fathers? Perhaps profusion of galley-slaves, dressed in red, the hunt? No! We call oarselves hunters, but who meet you on all sides, rattling their we send from a secure distance a killing bullet heavy chains, and the numberless portraits into the half-tamcd boars. It is only war, which

« EelmineJätka »