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From The London Review, 15 Aug. project he had every help not only from THE SEARCH AFTER LIVINGSTONE.*
the Royal Geographical Society, but from
the authorities at the Admiralty. Mr. It seems like a thing of yesterday that Young and Mr. Waller agreed that to make news arrived of the murder of Dr. Living the expedition successful it must be constone by the Ma Zitu, and here we have Mr. fided to a few hands, and that two, or at Young's diary of the search he was ap- most three, companions would be all the pointed to make into the truth of that re- Europeans he would require. These were port, and his discovery of its falsehood. Mr. Reid, who had served as carpenter on Such an expedition could hardly have been board the Pioneer for a lengthened term on intrusted to abler hands, and it is quite im- the Zambesi ; Mr. Buckley, an old shipmate, possible that it could have been more skil- who had cruised with him in the Mozamfully and successfully carried out. Mr. bique Channel; and Mr. Faulkner, formerly Young had been Dr. Livingstone's compan- of the 17th Lancers, who joined the expediion in one of his previous explorations, and tion as a volunteer. the Mohammedan, Moosa, who brought the story of the doctor's murder to Zanzi “In submitting my plans, I had requested bar, and of the Johanna men, had been con- that a steel boat might be supplied to the Livstantly under his eye for upwards of a year ingstone Search Expedition of a peculiar conon the river Shiré.' His experience of them struction -- an entire novelty in fact. In making then
led him to the conclusion that the first the superfluous waters of Lake Nyassa, one is canon in their creed was to lie, and that brought to a stand-still at the foot of a long the second made stealing from a Christian an staircase of cataracts, at a place called Ma Titti
. honest transaction. Therefore, though Moo- For thirty-five miles of latitude, the lake waters sa told his story at Zanzibar with such appear come tearing and leaping and foaming over casance of probability as convinced Dr. Seward cade after cascade, in their descent from the high and Dr. Kirk that it was true, Mr. Young lake land of Africa, to the low fever stricken could not resist the impression that it was false plains through which they are henceforth perthroughout. “ There were facts,” he writes, mitted to flow uninterruptedly to the sea. To " which could not be got rid of. There enter the Zambesi, and from its broad channel was the mere ipse dixit of Moosa to go up-to strike off up the Shiré, is an easy task for a on in the first place; and in the second, the boat; but the Murchison Falls' lead up to the man's previous character. An all-pervad- portion of Africa best worth visiting, and no ing doubt haunted me. Moosa and his com- eller is to make a détour inland, and launch his
boat of course can pass. The object of the trarpanions had deserted the doctor; they dare boat above
all these troubled
. This acnot reappear on the coast, much less claim complished, nothing remains for him henceforth their pay of a British consul, without a sto- but to sail up the remainder of the Shiré and ry to justify their turning up, and now their enter its parent lake, the beautiful · Nyassa ” of wits had served them sufficiently to palm Livingstone's discovery. this narrative off; it was so clad with devo “I
felt that if a boat could be so constructed tion and affection to their leader that on that one might screw her together in manageable the very face of it there were the traces of sections— portions, that is, not too heavy for a untruth to my mind, when I remembered man to carry -- the great difficulty of ascending our previous acquaintance. Besides this, these falls would be at an end. We could by this what had become of those likely to be faith- manner ascend the rivers, take the boat to pieces ful to him according to my own judgment? at Ma Titti, have her conveyed on men's heads Wakotani, most faithful of all, had deserted;
to the upper waters, reconstruct her, and so re
sume the exploration.” Chuma had fallen dead; and the havildar who had not deserted with the sepoys (long As soon as this little vessel was consince back in India) had most conveniently structed it was named the Search. How, died. The other lads from Bombay - rapidly Mr. Young made his preparations where are they?” With these doubts in his may be guessed from the fact that it was mind, Mr. Young went at once to the Pres- not until the expedition reached the Konident of the Geographical Society, and vol- gone mouth of the Zambesi that the Search unteered to make a rapid dash into the made its first acquaintance with the element lake regions, and test the Mohammedan's for which it was destined. There it parted story: A plan for that purpose was company with H. M. S. Petrel, and Mr. sketched between himself and the Rev. Young and his companions commenced Horace Waller, and for carrying out this their voyage, taking along with them two
of the ship's cutters. It was not long beThe Search after Livingstone. By E. D. Young. fore they found that the natives were glad Ieri cd by Rev. Horace Waller. London: Simp-l of the return of the English amongst them, kin, Marshall, & Co.
and throughout the whole expedition most to play, if she had heard that the doctor had met grateful evidence to this effect was appa- his death anywhere in Marenga's vicinity. rent. It has not always happened that “ Amongst other things, I told my good old Englishmen have been studious to show hostess that Moosa reported to Dr. Kirk it was forth the superiority of civilization amongst in her town that he and her comrades were savage populations. But in this part of plundered of their goods. This was too much Africa they have uniformly done so, and for her. She waxed wroth most palpably, and I the consequence is that the impression upon slander which she evidently felt had been flung the minds of the natives towards us is one at her fair fame by these men, to whom, judging of good will. That reticence of which Mr. by our present treatment, everything had been Young speaks, as one of the greatest obsta- done for their comfort. cles in the way of procuring information of “ Standing erect in the middle of her assemany kind, bas, in a great measure, given bled people, she stooped and picked up a handplace to a feeling of confidence to which he ful of sand, and then, looking up to the sky, and was mainly indebted for the accumulated again to the ground, she slowly let it trickle testimony he obtained of the falsehood of from her hand, and with all the solemnity of a Moosa's report. This is the reward of heavy oath, declared that every word was utterly the justice and humanity which has always false ; and I believed her. been displayed towards the natives of this “With emphasis she said that Livingstone was part of Africa by Livingstone and his com- her son's great friend, and that he had done all panions, and by the Universities' Mission. he could to help him on his way. As to evil be Dr. Livingstone, indeed, appears to have
falling him, she knew it was false, and if it had peculiar way of attracting the natives, which would have avenged him, strong as Marenga
come to him at Marenga's, her son's people has done more perhaps to carry him suc- was.” cessfully through his extensive travels than his iron courage. “He has,” says Mr. Mr. Young has a high opinion of the naYoung, the most singular faculty of ingra- tives of this district of Africa. He holds it tiating himself with natives whithersoever to be a mistake, in judging of the native he travels.. A frank, open-hearted gener- mind, to suppose it unassailable in its natosity, combined with a constant jocular way ural reticence. The new comer has a barin treating with them, carries him through rier of mistrust, misconception, and fear to all. True, it is nothing but the most iron break through which precludes the possibravery which enables à man thus to move bility of placing any firm reliance on native amongst all difficulties and dangers with a testimony unsupported, until the barrier smile on his face, instead of a haggard, has been broken through by long contact, careworn, or even suspicious look. Certain and by upright, unswerving integrity of it is also, that wherever he has passed, the purpose. Then, he says, “I know no one natives are only too anxious to see other so firmly turned to be your ally at all points Englishmen.” A touching instance is given as the poor native who has tried you and of the veneration in which the Great Ex- has not found you wanting.” A more seplorer is held by the natives. When Mr. vere test of their honesty and fidelity could Young and his companions reached Ma- not well have been supplied than the transpunda, they found the chief absent, “but fer of the sections of the Search from Ma his mother, a very intelligent old lady, re- Titti to the upper waters, when the theft ceived us with the most cordial delight, of one of the fifty-seven sections would and furnished us with every detail which have rendered the little vessel useless, and either her memory or our cross-questioning would probably have defeated the object could suggest.” He goes on —
of the expedition. Through a march and
under a sun which taxed their powers of en“ Our hostess was never tired of talking about durance to the utmost, the natives persehim. One very significant fact she detailed. vered until Mr. Young was able to launch • The doctor's heart was sick,” she said, on ac- the Search again beyond the Murchison count of Moosa and those who were with him.' Cataracts, and make a clear run into Lake When I told her that their return through her Nyassa. It was while he was rebuilding village was owing to their having deserted their the boat that one of a number of Manganja master, she said they were a set of runaway cowards ; and as to the Ma Zitu, they were no Ajawa, who were watching the process, rewhere in those quarters at all through which ported that a white man had been seen Livingstone had to pass, and she herself knew some time ago on Lake Pamalombi. He of his having gone on for a month in safety. I had a dog with him, and had left to go furlikewise ascertained that there was a very bitter ther in a westerly direction. Could this be feeling between her people and Marenga's, and Livingstone ? When they had been three it would have been a great card for the old lady days on the lake, they stopped to hold par
LIVING AGE. VOL. XI. 424
ley with some natives on the bank, from began to freshen, so we ran into another well whom they learned that a white man had sheltered bay where I descried a few natives. been at Pamfundas, on Lake Pamalombi, “ I now took very good care to prevent any and had left some time. He was an “An- of my followers going near the people till I myglesi,” and had two Ajawa boys in his com- self had every opportunity of first word and of pany. After several days further voyaging avoiding leading questions. I jumped out when the expedition came upon evidence which the boat touched the shore, and told them we left no doubt whatever of the falsehood of were English. This caused a great clapping of
hands and exclamations of Cha didi,' Cha koMoosa's story. The passage is so interest- ma,' (it is good, it is well). The head man ading that we give it verbatim:
vanced to me and asked if I had seen the English“ September 7. We started with a fine breeze man who had been here in the previous cold in a N. N. W. direction for the main land. We season, and who had rested there ten days. I had not proceeded far before it came on to blow, replied, 'No ; where has he gone to ?' and quickly a gale was upon us which threat " A. To Pamfundas. (This I knew to be on ened to send the Search and every one on board the Shiré near its exit from the lake.) her to his last home. But a Higher Power was “Q. How do you know? with us, and our extreme peril was only raised “ A. He told me even this same thing. up for us to see this guiding hand the more Q. What was the Englishman like? plainly in an hour or two. We reached at last, “A. You are a tall man, but he was only about with great difficulty, a little sandy bay on the so high, but he was of more years. You have east shore of Nyassa — the first boat that had much hair on your face; as to the Englishman, ever touched its margin with her keel.
no, it was not so. “And here one of those startling chances, as “Q. Then he did not have any hair on his some would call them, occasioned us the very face? greatest delight. What shall we say of it then, “A. No: it was not so ; on the lip which is when I relate that at the place we touched, only above, there was hair. one native was visible, and he most sorely fright “Q. Was it blacker than mine? ened : I landed, and going up to his hiding “ A. It was black hair, but there were also place, told him we were English ; to my utter white hairs in it. surprise, the word seemed to disarm him of all “ I then bade them all sit down. Now, said fears, and he came towards me, saying how I, if you will tell me all you know, without any alarmed he was at first, but now all that was lies, I will give you a fathom of cloth. Then, over. I asked him how this was. He replied, fixing my eye on the head man, I put the follow• The English are good. I again questioned him ing questions to him, taking good care not a reas to how he came to be aware of this fact. mark or a prompting from any one else broke in What was my supreme satisfaction to hear the without special permission. poor fellow narrate that an Englishman had gone “Q. Who had this Englishman with him? through his village, and was very kind to them “A. Two tens of people or three tens ; but to during his stay, making them presents, &c. say how many I cannot. (On referring to his
“Now began a great cross-examination, which followers, they agreed there must have been some ended in my being as convinced as possible, that twenty or thirty in the traveller's cortège, but it not only had an Englishman really been on this was pardonable differing as to exact numbers, east shore of the lake, but that I had thus lit on when they evidently had not counted them.) intelligence in this haphazard way which, like a "Q. Was he dressed as I am ? dream as it was, nevertheless left me without a “A. The clothing was almost the same. moral doubt that Livingstone himself was the Q. What had he on his head ? man in question! All previous calculations, all “A. A covering which was black and a piece those shrewd ponderings and siftings of evidence of something in front. (Here he imitated the at the Geographical Society, were put an end to peak of a naval cap most admirably, by holding by the simple narrative that fell from the lips of his hands over his forehead, and knowing as I this poor native!
did that Dr. Livingstone had never worn any“ Livingstone, in a word, had not been at the thing else in Africa but this very bead-dressnorth end of the lake at all, he had set at naught so ill-suited, other travellers would say, for a all our fancy-drawn journeyings, and had ac- tropical sun-I gathered heart immensely at tually been at this well-nigh southern extreme. this little incident, which really left no doubt at
“My informant told me that he lived near a all on my mind as to whom had actually been point he showed in the distance jutting out into amongst these people.) the lake, saying that it was an Arab settlement, “Q. Had he a shirt on ? So, after giving my men an hour to dry their "A. Yes; one like that of yours. clothes, we set sail again, determined to thread "Q. And other garments; boots like these I out the great traveller's course as well as we have on (pointing to my trousers and boots) ? could, after being so singularly fortunate as to “A. Yes ; skins on the feet like yours, and pitch on a man who could thus give us the very as to the other things, he had upon his legs some best clue to his having come so far in safety. like those (pointing to a pair of blue serge trouWe had only gone a short way when the gale sers worn by one of the party).
“Q. Had he any boxes with him?
“Q. How many more were there who spoke “A. Yes.
like Moosa ? Q. Tell me what you remember about any " A. Cumi' (ten), holding up the ten finof them.
gers. * A. (Laughing.) There was one, a little “Q. What, besides himself? one ; in it there was water which was white; “ A. No (and down shut one finger), only when you touched it, by placing your finger in five and four. it - ah! behold it would not wet you, this same "Q. Have you seen Moosa and any of those white water ; I lie not!
men since ? “Q. What was it for? what did the English " A. No. man do with it?
“ Here another man present said there was in “A. He used to put it down upon the ground, the party a man who had long black hair, and and then he took a thing in his hand to look on on the top of his head was a place shorn, or at the sun with.
all events where the hair was cut very short. “Q. Now show me what you mean ; how did Mr. Faulkner's long Indian experience at once he do this?
identified the havilda of the Sepoys - the only “ This brought out all the singular capability remaining one of that faithless brigade which we of the savage for pantomimic illustration. The heard in England deserted the Doctor early in old chief gravely took up a piece of stick, and the journey. his actions as he imitated a person taking ob * Q. What else had he with him ? any beasts servations with the sextant's artificial horizon that carried burdens ? (which, I may explain to my less experienced “A. No; but there was a small dog with readers, is a small square trough filled with mer- him which they called Chitani.. cury — the white water ') could not have been “Q. Where did the M’Sangu (white man) surpassed. The gravity with which he stretched sleep? his feet apart and swayed himself backwards to “A. Up there (pointing to a certain spot). look up at the sun along his piece of stick, and 'Q. What did he lie on? then brought it down to a certain point, was a “ A. A bed ; he made over it a small house masterpiece of mimicry. It is a quality common of cloth, in which there were little holes everyto all savages, and a most amusing half-hour where. can at any time be got out of them by exer “ I told him to look round the boat, and tell cising it. To ask them to describe a hunting me if he saw anything of the same kind, when scene was a favourite plan ; they will imitate the he instantly pointed to my mosquito curtain. gait of every animal in a manner which would “ Q. Did he buy slaves ? convince a European he had everything to learn “ A. No. His people told us that their chief in the way of catching salient points and repre- said to buy or sell men was a bad and a foul senting them truthfully. But to continue - thing, and that far south, on the Shiré river,
“Q. Whither did he say he was going? he had liberated many captives, whom he found
“ A. He left us to go northwards; he went being led away as slaves. to the village of the Arabs ; he wanted to cross 'Q. Did you ever see another white man? the water to the other side in their vessel ; he “ A. No. could not do this, and in ten days he had re Q. Did he or his followers say whence they turned here ; then he went south to Pamfundas. came ?
“Q. Do you remember the names of any of “A. Yes; from the great water which is salt.” those who were with him?
“A. Yes ; two of them were called Chuma There could be little doubt now that the and Wako. These two spoke the Nyassa's lan- object of the expedition was virtually atguage. There was another big man, he was the tained. Every further step confirmed the head of those who bore burdens ; his name was
good news. We need not dwell upon a Moosa. “This of course put an end to all further doubt. readers. But we will say this, that we have
fact which has long been familiar to our Chuma and Wakotani — the Doctor always addressed the latter as · Wako "_ were the two lads read no recent book of Áfrican travel more we knew to be with him, and Moosa's identity interesting than Mr Young's account of his likewise shone forth from the band of baggage search, whether we regard it as a narrative carriers.
of the manner in which he and his compan“Q. Did Moosa talk the same language as ions performed their arduous task, or as rethe boys?
calling to us the condition of a portion of "A. No; he said that which was different. the human race who have such strong claim That which he said I did not know.
upon our sympathies.
From The Spectator., if you say they would, but He would not, you DEAN RAMSAY ON THE PULPIT.* represent Him – which, who could hear? -as The republication of these two lectures which Himself had doomed to destruction. Oh,
weeping crocodile's tears, weeping over the prey is very opportune. Dean Ramsay is a wise, how would the enemy of God and man rejoice humorous Scotch Episcopalian, very ortho- to hear these things were so ! How would he dox, but accustomed to live among people cry aloud and spare not! How would he lift up who are not Episcopalians, and therefore, his voice and say, “ To your tents, O Israel? not much tempted to put the special opin- Flee from the face of this God, or ye shall utterions of his Church too obtrusively in front. ly perish !! We might call him the Sydney Smith.of his “ denomination," but that it would be un
If the Spectator had ventured, while sayjust, he being more of a true cleric than ing pretty nearly the same thing last week Sydney Smith; and unkind, as he has ob- in feebler words, to use that expression viously a notion, not altogether unjustified, demned for blasphemy. The power of
“ crocodile tears," it would have been conthat his true powers lie elsewhere, that he is not so much essayist, though he has writ- speaking, plainly, not to say the wish to ten many and good essays, as acceptable speak plainly, seems to have gone out of
the modern pulpit. preacher of the Word. Whether as essayist or as preacher Dean Ramsay's table talk
Dean Ramsay divides preaching into five on the pulpit is worth hearing, the more be- modes, first, the metaphysical, which may cause he gives it us in literary and not in be said to be the style of Scotland, and of sermonical English, is not afraid of a joke dotes : _
which he gives the following pleasant anecif that helps his argument, does not shrink from genuine religious teaching if that serves “ As an example of such preaching, and that his purpose, and can on occasion introduce the driest of the dry - suppose a congregation his own views on dogma in the pawkiest assembled to listen to a sermon from the cele way. There is a little extract from a speech brated and very learned Dr. Richard Bentley, an of John Wesley's, introduced, one under- eminent man and distinguished preacher of his stands, merely as an illustration, and as a day. Fancy their excited attention whilst he sentence the Dean by no means intends to lays down his heads of discourse. First, I will embody in his own sermons; but if the prove it impossible that the primary parts of our world will listen to it once again, because lar motions and revolutions, should have subsist
world, the sun and the planets, with their reguit is in a book of jottings, the author will ed eternally in the present or a like frame and pardon their not appreciating anything else. condition. Secondly, I will show that matter, We will extract that paragraph, which is abstractly and absolutely considered, cannot have pretty much forgotten, for a reason which subsisted eternally; or if it has, yet motion candoes not perhaps differ very widely from not have co-existed eternally with it as an inhethe one in the Dean's own heart. If our rent property and essential attribute of the Athereaders will just glance over that they can ist's God, MATTER.' One of our own Scottish leave this review unread, and not hurt us. divines, Dr. Macknight, author of an elaborate This was Wesley's idea of the doctrine of commentary on the Epistles, and a work on EvElection :
idences - an able and learned man- was a re
markable example of this class of preachers. “ This doctrine,' he says, represents our Logical and erudite, he could find no place for blessed Lord, Jesus Christ the righteous, the the relief of the imagination or of fancy in only begotten Son of the Father, full of grace composing his discourses, could assume no ferand truth, as a hypocrite, a deceiver of the peo-vour of enthusiasm in their delivery. Of this ple, a man void of common sincerity; for it can- estimable divine the pleasant story is told of what not be denied that He everywhere speaks as if his colleague slily remarked upon his pulpit He were willing that all men should be saved. ministrations. Dr. Macknight had been overYou represent tim as mocking His helpless crea- taken by a sharp shower in coming to church. tures by offering what He never intends to give. In the vestry, and before the service began, the You describe Him as saying one thing and mean- attendants were doing all in their power to make ing another; as pretending the love which He him comfortable by rubbing him with towels and had not. Him in whose mouth was no guile, other appliances. The good man was much disyou make full of deceit, void of common sincer-composed, and was ever and anon impatiently ity. When nigh the city, He wept over it, and exclaiming, 'Oh, I wish that I was dry,' and
said, “Oh, Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that kill repeating often, 'Do ye think I am dry eneuch • est the prophets, and stonest them that are sent now?' Dr. Henry, his colleague, who was pre
unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy sent, was a jocose man, of much quiet humour. children together, and ye would not !” Now, He could not resist the opportunity of a little hit
Pulpit Table Talk. By Dean Ramsay. Lon. at his friend's style of preaching; so he patted don: Cassell.
him on the shoulder, with the encouraging re