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the Army, and in his general views upon man being of any colour to say what he economy. He early perceived the jobbing likes and do what he likes within the laws, which is the curse of all operations in free but enforces the laws with the bayonet. States, and took peremptory measures to Any native or European may talk any treaput a stop to it, cancelling every contract son he pleases in the town hall of Calcutta, not made by himself, abolishing the con- and no one will punish; but if he interferes tract system in favour of direct purchases, with any rights of any other British subject, sternly rebuking his own father for asking white or coloured, his whole following, or favours, and finally suggesting to Halleck his whole nation, could not save him from that “all fraudulent contractors should be arrest and punishment. Unswerving justice impressed into the ranks, or still better, is the basis of order, there is no justice eigunboat service, where they could have no ther in Texas or in London if the civil offichance of deserting.” One of these days, cers of the law can be defied by arm force, in some hour of extremity, produced mainly and the next President of the United States, by tolerated frauds, we shall establish a it is clear, does 'not intend they should be. sterner law than that, and carry it out, too, We only wish we could be as certain of with the approbation of all men. The years the next Premier. during which President Grant occupies the General Grant comes out in these letters, White House will clearly not be "good and orders, and — no, not speeches — saytimes” for peculators, or for disobedient ings, a soldier politician of the best sort, officials, or for persons who violently dis- a man gentle, kindly, and considerate, but turb the public peace. It is a real relief, with a vein of wrath in him, a man who suramidst the perpetual talk of State rights, veys politics as he would a valley, without President Johnson's democratic proclama- seeing every tree, but missing no strategic tions, and, we must add, half-hearted Re-point, a soldier who is aware that there publican proposals, to come across an opin- must be force somewhere to keep society ion as statesmanlike as this. In January, together, but a politician who is determined 1867, General Grant recorded the following that that force shall be the Law, framed deliberate opinion on the state of affairs in and modified by the representatives of the Texas :"In my opinion, the great num-people. We congratulate the United States ber of murders of Union men and freedmen on a Premier who dislikes waste, even when in Texas, not only as a rule unpunished, the wasteful support his party, and will but uninvestigated, constitute practically a put down murderers even when they plead state of insurrection; and, believing it to the sovereign rights of States, be the province and duty of every good government to afford protection to the lives, liberties, and property of her citizens, I
From The New York Evening Post. would recommend the declaration of martial law in Texas to secure these ends. The
THE POET HALLECK. necessity for governing any portion of our NEW EDITION OF HIS WORKS — HISTORIterritory by martial law is to be deplored.
CAL PREFACE — INTERESTING RECOLLECIf resorted to, it should be limited in its authority, and should leave all local authorities and civil tribunals free and unob We give below Mr. James Grant Wilstructed until they prove their inefficiency son's Preface to the new edition of Halleck's or unwillingness to perform their duties. Poems, issued by D. Appleton & Co. Martial law would give security, or com “In this volume will be found all the paratively so, to all classes of citizens, with- poetical writings of the late Fitz-Greene out regard to race, colour, or political opin- Halleck included in previous editions, toions, and should be continued until society gether with a score of poems which the was capable of protecting itself, or until the editor has succeeded in recovering from State is returned to its full relation with the various sources, and which are marked by Union. The application of martial law to the characteristic grace and melody of his one of these states would be a warning to most admired compositions; also several all, and, if necessary, could be extended to translations from the French, German, and others.”— It will come to that at last, and Italian, that now appear in print for the every day's delay does but exasperate the first time. Among the pieces never before evil. As we have maintained from the published are a number of juvenile producfirst, the States which will not allow order tions, which may be recognised by the dates to be restored must be governed tempora- appended to them. Between the earliest rily as India is governed, by a government poem contained in this collection and the essentially military, which permits any hu- latest, a period of three score and three
years intervened. “The Tempest' was on Broadway, and throughout the city; written by the handsome and happy school- they were, in short, a town topic. The two boy of fourteen, in the fourth year of the friends contributed other pieces; and when present century; a translation from the the editor again expressed great anxiety to German was made by the gray-haired vete- be acquainted with the writer, and used a ran who had passed, by seven summers, the style so mysterious as to excite their curiosallotted period of man's life; while Mr. itý, the literary partners decided to call Halleck's latest original poem, Young upon him. Halleck and Drake accordAmerica,' was written near the close of the ingly, one evening went together to Coleyear 1863, beneath the shadows of the same man's residence, in Hudson Street, and regrand old Guilford elms under which the quested an interview. They were ushered poet was born and buried.
into the parlor; the editor soon entered; * • The Croakers,' that now appear for the young poets expressed a desire for a few the first time with Halleck's poetical writ- minutes' strictly private conversation with ings, are the joint production of the attached him, and the door being closed and locked friends, Fitz-Greene Halleck and Joseph Dr. Drake said: 'I am Croaker, and this Rodman Drake. The origin of these gentleman, sir, is Croaker Junior.' Colesprightly jeux d'esprit, as eagerly looked for man stared at the young men with indeseach evening as were the war bulletins of a cribable and unaffected astonishment, at latter day, may not be without interest to length exclaiming: ‘My God, I had no idea the author's troops of admirers. Halleck that we had such talents in America!' and Drake were spending a Sunday morn- Halleck, with his characteristic modesty was ing with Dr. William Langstaff, an eccentric disposed to give to Drake all the credit; apothecary and an accomplished mineralo- but as it chanced that Coleman alluded in gist, with whom they were both intimate particularly glowing terms to one of the (the two last mentioned were previously Croakers that was wholly his, he was forced fellow-students in the study of medicine to be silent, and the delighted editor conwith Drs. Bruce and Romayne), when tinued in a strain of compliment and ealogy Drake, for his own and his friends' amuse- that put them both to the blush. Before ment, wrote several burlesque stanzas. To taking their leave the poets bound Coleman Ennui,' Halleck answering them in some over to the most profound secrecy, and arlines on the same subject. The young poets ranged a plan of sending him the manudecided to send their productions, with script, and of receiving the proofs, in a others of the same character, to William manner that would avoid the least possibilColeman, the editor of the Evening Post. ity of the secret of their connection with the If he published them they would write more; Croakers' being discovered. The poems if not they would offer them to Major M. were copied from the originals by Langstaff, M. Noah, of the National Advocate ; and if that their handwriting should not divulge he declined their poetical progeny, they the secret, and were either sent through the would light their pipes with them. Drake mail or taken to the Evening Post office by accordingly sent Coleman three pieces of his Benjamin R. Winthrop, then a fellow-clerk own, signed. Croaker,' a signature adopted with Mr. Halleck in the counting-house of from an amusing character in Goldsmith's the well-known banker and merchant, Jacob comedy of The Good-natured Man.' Barker, in Wall Street. To their astonishment a paragraph ap " Hundreds of imitations of the Croakpeared in the Post the day following, ers' were daily received by the different acknowledging their receipt, promising editors of New York, to all of which they the insertion of the pocms, pronounc- gave publicly one general answer, that ing them to be the productions of su- they lacked the genius, spirit, and beauty perior taste and genius, and begging the of the originals. On one occasion Coleman honor of a personal acquaintance with the showed Halleck fifteen he had received in author. The lines To Ennui' appeared a single morning, all of which, with a soliMarch 10, 1819, and the others in almost tary exception, were consigned to the daily succession; those written by Mr. waste basket. The friends continued for Halleck being usually signed Croaker several months to keep the city in a blaze Junior,' while those which were their joint of excitement; and it was observed by one composition generally bore the signature of of the editors, that so great was the wineCroaker and Co.'
ing and shrinking at the “Croakers" that "The remark made by Coleman had ex- every person was on tenter-hooks ; neither cited public attention, and the Croakers' knavery nor folly has slept quietly since soon became a subject of conversation in our first commencement.' 'Of this series of drawing-rooms, book-stores, coffee-houses, satirical quaint chronicles of New York life
half a century ago, Halleck, in 1866, said with her greatest poet. Nothing finer that they were good-natured verses con- has been written about Robert than Mr. tributed anonymously to the columns of the Halleck's poem,' said Isabella, the youngNew York Evening Post from March to est sister of the Ayrshire bard, as she gave June 1819, and occasionally afterward.' the writer, in the summer of 1855, some The writers continued, like the author of rosebuds from her garden, and leaves of Junius, the sole depositaries of their own ivy plucked from her cottage door, near secret, and apparently wished with the the banks of the bonny Doon to carry back minstrel in Leyden's Scenes of Infancy,' to his gifted friend. Neither will those to
exquisitely beautiful and tender lines, so “ Save others' names, but leave their own un- his chosen companion and literary partner,
familiar to all, in which the early death of sung.”
Dr. Drake, was mourned by Mr. Halleck, Among the • Croakers' will be found three be soon forgotten. They are, and will hitherto unpublished pieces from the pen continue to be, an enduring monument to of Mr. Halleck; and in lieu of the original both the poets, wherever the English lansignatures, the author of each poem is now guage is read or spoken. Like Thomas for the first time made known by the letters Campbell, whose poetical writings he so H and D; when both letters occur they much admired, Fitz-Greene Halleck gave indicate the joint authorship of the literary to the world but few poems - heirlooms partners; or, to quote Halleck's familiar forever,' to be prized and cherished by his words to a friend, that we each had a fin- countrymen through the coming ages and ger in the pie.
generations, with “ Fitz Greene, a descendant of Peter " " Earth's and sea's rich gems, Halleck or Halloek, one of thirteen Pilgrim With April's first-born flowers, Fathers wbo landed at New Haven, Con And all things rare.' necticut, in 1640, and of the Rev. John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians,' who made by the poet in the last edition of
" The arrangement of the poems, as arrived at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1631, 1858, has been closely followed in this volwas one of the earliest, as he was among ume, without reference to their chronologthe most eminent, of American poets. He ical order; and in other particulars the left no son to wear his honors or to per present publication has been made to conpetuate his name, but, unlike his favorite form to Mr. Halleck's wishes, as expressed Roi d'Yvetot, there is little danger of his to the writer at their last interview, but a being 'peu connu dans l'histoire.' When
few weeks before all those whose privilege it was to know the genial poet, and to have been honored • ** He gave his honors to the world again, by his friendship, shall have passed away, His blessed part to heaven, and slept in peace.” and when the enduring granite obelisk
" The share of the editor in this volume which now marks his grave shall have crumbled to dust, the name and fame of can scarcely be regarded too slightly. He the sweet singer who celebrated in immor- cannot even claim the credit for the notes, tal song the glories of the modern Epami
as a portion of them were prepared by the nondas will remain fresh and green, not poet himself
. Among the notes to the misonly in the country of his birth, but in the
cellaneous poems, the first nine will be land of Bozzaris. In England, his "Ain- recognised as having appeared in all prewick Castle,
vious editions, while the notes to 'Fanny'
and • The Recorder' are, with a few slight “ Home of Percy's high-born race,'
alterations and additions, substantially Mr.
Halleck's; and to him, therefore, the ediwill long preserve his name from oblivion; tor trusts will be awarded the credit for while in Scotland, the song he sang in whatever may be found among them worpraise of Burns will forever connect him thy of praise."
A BOAR-HUNT IN BURGUNDY. — Towards behind me and took the plain towards the marsh noon, to my surprise, five boars got up, out of in the direction followed by the boars. I fired range, and crossed into marsh lands beyond the instantly and down she feil. I then drew my Aube. I stood watching their movements till knife and approached with caution. On arrivthe mist concealed them, and was preparing to ing within a few paces of the spot I perceived quit the cover, when a half-grown sow rose close she was wounded in the side, and lay on her
| knees with her head bent forward on the placing it on one side, continued her hopeless
ground. Before, however, I had time to plunge flight. But I was now close on her, and having the knife into her back, she rose unexpectedly become desperate with heat and fever, I sprang and inade off with a staggering pace, but only on her downwards, risking all, and thrust the to fall prostrate a gunshot farther on. I now knife into her heart. “Ah, la pauvre bête ! considered there was no danger, and going up to mais je lui aurais fait grâce,” said Henri Jesson, the animal, I prepared with confidence to end the one of the guests, who felt compassion for the adventure. It was here I learnt that lesson of poor sow, so tender for a helpless being, even in which I have since realised the importance on the trying moment of her own extremity. “ Et many an occasion — namely, to distrust the ap-, moi, Messieurs," replied the Count, " qui avais pearances of exhaustion in powerful and dan- perdu deux dents !” And with this the Count gerous animals. On bending over this appar- raised his upper lip, and exhibited the vacant ently dead sow, to ascertain the precise wherea- space once occupied by two front teeth, knocked bouts of her mortal wound, she started up sud- out in his collision with the gentle sow. denly, and dealing me with her head a blow
St. Paul's. on the mouth that sent me reeling, she bolted off full gallop and left me unconscious on the
HERALDIC ANIMALS. — Among the wild aniground. On recovering the shock, which was mals are elephants, lions, tigers, wolves, bears, å most severe one, I perceived the sow had again antelopes, stags, lynxes, porcupines, foxes, and relaxed in her pace, and I rushed after her wild boars, not to mention hogs and pigs and breathing rage and vengeance. Fortunately, a piglings innumerable, -long-tailed, short-tailed, team of bullocks had passed in the interval, and and curly-tailed. Concerning all these denizens diverted her from the marshes - where I should of the forest, the most remarkable thing is the assuredly have lost her --and at the same time a unanimity that reigns among them in regard to shepherd and his dog had intercepted her return one particular matter; what I mean is, that, to the cover. She had consequently struck di- with an occasional exception in favour of the rectly into the high road, which was indeed her pigs and piglings, one and all of them stand on only alternative, unless she had faced round in their hind legs. Whatever else they do, they are defiance of my drawn and shining knife. I had sure to do that; with their fore feet and paws no time to reload, for though the sow ran limp- they may push against some shield or hatchment, ing, her pace was rapid enough to try my ut- they may grasp as best they can a dagger or :: most wind, and I was compelled at last to drop battle-axe, or flourish their tails aloft and expand my piece in order to run more lightly. After their nostrils as if eager for the fight; but under some twenty minutes of this exercise, a party of any circumstances they decline to settle down on field labourers approached in the opposite direc- all fours, so that I am forced to conclude that the tion, and the sow turned off immediately into the position which is natural to their congeners is open fallows. Here my strength began to fail, foreign to them. With regard to some of them but I still held on, encouraged by the sight on there are certain cabalistic expressions used one side of some horses feeding, and, on the other, which it is possible, if one could get at their sigof a straw cottage. These objects seemed to pre-nification, would throw some light on their hisvent the sow from diverging, and I was able to tory. Thus, concerning a leopard with spots on keep her in view for a long distance ahead. She his body as big as pancakes, it is gravely stated had now decidedly the best of it, I being reduced that he is “countercompony of the first and secto a walking pace and she being out of sight. ond.” If the reader can solve the mystery inPresently, however, I saw her running back to- volved in that expression he is a much cleverer wards me, having been turned, I presume, by fellow than I am. Again, a porcupine poussetsome object which I was too distant to perceive. ting, who has had his quills combed down I thought it was her intention to attack me, in- smooth and sleek, is described as “gyronny of stead of which she turned off obliquely and fol- eight,” which expression is also too crabbed for lowed an open cartway leading to the entrance of my powers of penetration. A lion who seems to a large farm. Here she began to run more stand ill at ease, as though on one leg rather faintly, and I gained upon her sensibly. She than two, presents an enigma somewhat less difthen stopped for an instant, but seemed immedi- ficult; concerning him it is said, “ lions gamb ately to recover her strength and proceeded to erased in bend within a boudure,” by which I limp on with fresh courage. Another moment understand some accident or other to the anibrought her to the farm-yard, into which she ran mal's leg; gamb means leg, of course, and the without hesitation and I followed close behind erasure, which must be an injury of some kind, her. A pathway through the farm led to low may have been consequent on the brute's having ground visible from the entrance. Into this put his foot into chancery somehow or other, as pathway the sow struck forthwith, and you will seems to me to be intimated by the term “ within imagine my horror on perceiving right before her a boudure.” In the case of one of the lynxes, I on the ground an infant of tender years, sitting find the expressions made use of to describe him, heedless of all peril, alone at play. The sow ran or it may be something belonging to him, are straight at the child, and I closed my eyes in pain "a bend cotised sa,” the purport and propriety as already in fancy I saw it dashed into the air, of which, I am sorry to say, I am not lynx-eyed or killed and mangled on the spot. Not so, gen- enough to discover. tlemen. She took it up most gently, and softly i
No. 1281. - December 19, 1868.
Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German
Die Presse, 4. MAXIMILIAN, .
Spectator, 5. BUONAPARTE The Happy;
All the Year Round, 6. Sir John FALSTAFF,
Spectator, 7. WORDS OF COMFORT,
London Review, 8. HANS BREITMANN'S PARTY,
London Review, 9. THE SWEDISH ARCTIC EXPEDITION,
Daily News, 10. EARTHQUAKES AND ENGLISH CHARACTER,
Spectator, 11. THE INDIANS OF GUIANA,
Spectator, 12. COMMODORE VANDERBILT AND THE
WAR; N. Y. Evening Post,
POETRY ** ALWAYS WITH US,"
706 | A PLEA FOR THE SEA-Birds, . THE PROUDEST LADY,
SHORT ARTICLES. ELECTRICITY, .
727 | REFRIGERATING RAILROAD CARS, WASHABLE INDIAN INK,.
727 LAW OF COPYRIGHT, PURIFICATION OF IRON,
743 751 753 756 758 760 761 763 765 767
NEW BOOKS : DOCTOR JACOB. By M. Betham Edwards. Boston: Roberts Brothers. HAPPY THOUGHTS. By F. C. Burnand. Boston : Roberts Brothers. THE POETICAL WRITINGS OF FITZ-GREENE HALLECK, with Extracts from those of
Joseph Rodman Drake. Edited by James Grant Wilson. New York: D. Appleton & Co.
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