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drum at the side which carries the ring H, and they are all free to slide in guides formed to receive them in the end of the drum. They are further connected to the drum by coiled springs g', and adjusting screwed hooys 9., which are passed through lugs cast on the boss of the drum and made fast by nuts 98, and it is by the tension of the springs g that the radial wedges are drawn inwards, and thus caused to secure the bars C in position; the con. tact surfaces of each wedge and wedging bar are ribbed to prevent the wedge from slipping back. It will now be understood that as the bers are pressed forward to secure the books of silk waste, the wedges will follow up the motion of the bars, and the ribbed contact surfaces of the wedges will effectually secure every advance made by the barg.

To facilitate the release of the books for the purpose of replacing them by others an adjustabla cam-shaped bar K is fixed to the inner face of one of the side frames for the purpose of thrusting out the radial wedges G as they are severally brought roand in contact therewith. This bar acts upon the wedges after the books of silk have passed under the operation of the several endless bands of dressing surfaces, and thus unlocks the wedge bars C', leaving them free to be slidden back endwise, and thus re. move the clamping pressure from the books. In order to ease the friction of the radial wedges against the bar K, the bars are fitted with bowles at their inner ends, as shown at fig. 1. To effect the automatio release of the wedging bars an inclined plane L is fixed to a bracket on the main framing in such a position as to act upon the ends of the wedging bars, and slide them back towards the side of the machine where the weighted incline D is situated. The books of dressed silk may then be taken out and replaced by books of silk requiring the like operation.

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MANCHESTER BOILER ASSOCIATION. THE last ordinary monthly meeting of the executive committee of this association was

( held at the offices, 41, Corporation-street, Manchester, on Tuesday, January 8, Hugh Mason, Esq., of Ashton-under-Lyne, vice-president, in the chair, when Mr. L. E. Fletcher, chief engi. neer, presented his report, of which the follow. ing is an abstract :-During the last month 333 engines have been examined, and 577 boilers, as well as one of the latter tested by hydraulio pressure. Of the boiler examinations, 388 have been external, 7 internal, and 182 entire. In the boilers examined 79 defects have been discovered, 7 of those being dangerous. During the past month there have been seven explosions, by which five persons were killed and fifteen others the explosion had occurred, in order to report to débris scattered in every direction, the dismantled injured. On referring to the following statement him thereon, when, on making an examination, moulding at the top of the chimney stack showing of explosions it will be seen that the highest pro. I found that the boiler was internally-fired and that some of the fragments must have been thrown gressive number is 61; but to this 12 others must of the Cornish type, having a single fornace tube to a considerable height. be added, viz., Nos. 3a, 10a, 15a, 21a, 30a, 32a, running throughout from end to end. Its length Though the pressure at which this boiler way 32b, 32c, 34a, 45a, 45b, and '46a, so that the total was 20ft., its diameter in the

shell 4ft

. bin., and worked, namely, 1001b. on the square inch, was number of explosions that has come under my in the furnace tube 2ft. 6in., while the thickness high, yet it was not excessive for one of such di. notice for the year 1866 is 73, by which 87 of tho plates throughout was fin., with the excep- mensions as this one was, if well made and of persons were killed, as well as 110 others in. tion of the flat ends, which were fin. The cylin- good material ; while many boilers, strained as jared. It is possible, however, that this does not drical portion of the shell was composed of six severely, are working with perfect safety. When include the total number that has occurred, since belts

, each of which was about 3ft. Sin. wide, in the boiler was ordered it was distinctly stipu. some may have escaped my notice. One of these cluding the overlap, and being composed of two lated that it should be safe at the pressure just explosions occurred to a boiler under the charge plates circumferentially, had two longitudinal named, and it was made on this understanding, of this association, but the boiler had not been seams of rivets. These seams were placed at the being double-riveted throughout in consequence, guaranteed on account of the defective shape of sides of the boiler in the first belt, counting and tested with water up to a pressure of 2401b. its internal flae tube, the danger of which had from the firing end, and at the top and bottom per square inch by the makers before leaving been pointed ont to 'the owner when the boiler in the second, while they were at the sides their yard, who warranted it safe, and described was enrolled. No explosion has occurred to any in the third, and so on alternately through it in their correspondence as a splendid boiler, of the boilers the safety of which has been out. The boiler had but one safety-valve, of open and one that would do them credit

. Its price, guaranteed by this association,{since the adoption lever construction, measuring 3in. in diameter, without fittings, was £120, which, considering of the guarantee system at the commencement of and weighted to about 100lb. on the square inch, the small size of the boiler, was a high one, but 1865.

which was the pressure for which the boiler had which the makers said was due to the superiority Turning to a previous report we notice No. 46 been originally made, being double-riveted of their work. The boiler scarcely worked, how. explosion, which occurred to a boiler not under throughout at the longitudinal, as well as at the ever, six months before it burst, though the plates the inspection of this association, at a quarter circular seams, both in the shell and furnace tube. were not thinned by corrosion, but retained their before two on the afternoon of Tuesday, Septems The boiler gave way in the external shell, but original thicknsss. It will be seen, therefore, ber 25, at a dyeworks, and resulted in the death in a somewhat unusual manner, the third belt of that this is by no means an ordinary explosion, of seven persons, as well as in serious injury to plates, reckoning from the firing end, being cut and it is important clearly to ascertain its cause. two others, while the works were reduced to a out of the shell, without damaging the remainder It must be apparent at a glance that this ex. general ruin. This destructive explosion, occur. of the boiler, almost as neatly as if it had been plosion could not be due to shortness of water, ring near to the centre of one of our cities, and turned out by a tool in the lathe. This belt had since the boiler, though internally-fired, failed in Ho close to a public thoroughfare that a good deal rent primarily across its entire width at a longi. the external shell, and not in the furnace tube ; of the debris was showered upon it, created con- tudinal seam of rivets, and secondarily at the ring but it may be added that the furnace crown did siderable interest in the neighbourhood, and de. seams running round the boiler at each side of not present the slightest appearance of overserves the most serious consideration, not only it. The boiler was moved but a few feet from its heating, being slightly scaled over, and retaining on account of its destructive effects, but of its seating, but the belt of plate just described was its shape as truly as when first made. Neither peculiarity in an engineering point of view. opened out nearly flat and thrown across the yard is there any reason to conclude that the working

I visited the scene of the catastrophe, at the to the right band of its original position, while pressure had been exceeded, since, on extricat. request of the coroner, two or three days after the works were completely laid in ruins, and the ing the safety-valve after the explosion from the

seamen.

debris in which it was buried, it was found to be out so as to form a series of triangles which above the deck. It was also remarked that ship, free in action, while all the witnesses, who gave were almost equilateral, and measured 2}in. in masters very often did not make sufficient allow. evidence on this subject at the inquest, concurred the direction of the seam, and 2ļin, diagonally, ances for these deviations. 3rd. It was arged in the statement that the blowing-oft pressure was the two rows being spaced two inches apart, that another great cause of risks was attributable 100lb. as nearly as may be, and no one appeared measuring in each case from centre to centre, to the fact that young and inexperienced to have seen this exceeded. It may also be while the overlap of the plates was an inch and captains were allowed to command large ves. pointed out that the rupture of the boiler appears one-eighth from the edge to the centre of the sels, while old and experienced masters were of too local a character to have resulted from an rivets. The riveting was done by hand, and not sufficiently encouraged. It was also recom. excessivo pressure of steam, since this would not by machine, but the heads were carefully mended that not only should more

care be taken have operated equally over the whole shell; snapped, and presented a neat appearance to with the compasses, bat the instructions with while, further, the fornace tube, not being the eye, though it may be pointed out they were regard to the use of the lead should be very strengthened with any encircling hoops, but rather light,

strict, and that shipowners and underwriters merely with three segments on the crown, was It is thought for so high a pressure as 100lb. should endeavour to show their warm and weaker than the external shell, so that, had the on the square inch, and with plates only three- liberal appreciation of careful and experienced explosion resulted from an undue and excessive eighths of an inch in thickness, that the rivets navigation. pressare of steam, it might reasonably be con- were spaced too far apart, and it would cluded that the furnace tube wonld have failed have been better had their diameter been before the shell, whereas the shell gave way, and three-quarters of an inch instead of eleven: IMPROVEMENTS IN OUR MERCANTILE not the furnace tube. sixteenths,and the overlap somewhat less than

MARINE. proper pressure of steam have been alluded to

, the midlet to the eage fromthede plates and A "Captain of energet Toynbee read a long and since they are so generally supposed to have to further, that machine riveting would have elaborate paper on “Mercantile Marine Legisla. do with nearly every explosion, but to arrive at given a bolder and faller head to the point of the tion as affecting the number and efficiency of the true cause in the present instance, attention rivet, and have drawn the work up tighter to- British Seamen." must be directed to the primary rent.

After pointing out the discurred at the inner overlap of the plate of a ing, from which so much mischief was evidently subjected our seamen, the gallant captain con

This oc- gether, so that it would have required less caulk creditable treatment to which the marine laws longitudinal double riveted joint, but it did not done in the present instance. It is not wished cluded by proposing the following important take the line of rivet holes throughout, but ap- to express too decided an opinion upon these changes:-peared to have commenced at the solid metal, points, but rather to call attention to them as 1st. That Government will establish a pension and about midway in the length of the seam at worthy of further consideration; and it is trusted fund and life insurance adapted to the circum. the edge of the overlap, and at the time of caulk- that the details given above of the seam of rivets stances of seamen and their families, in con. ing, which it followed for a length of four or five which failed, with such disastrous consequences, nection with shipping offices, and join on to them inches, and then sloped into the line of rivets. will prove of service to those interested in this a benefit fund, the principal of which shall be The edge of the plate exhibited a very short subject, which a more general introduction of the sums which Government has received, and brittle fraotore, and on examining the shell for high pressure steam and double riveting renders is still receiving, as unclaimed effects of deceased the brand, only one of the plates was found to of daily increasing importance.

Also, that the Act be so modified have any mark on it at all, and this was the single word “ Boiler," while at the inquest the

that the wages and effects of deserters shall go

to this fund. Also that Government will consider foreman, under whose saperintendence the boiler had been made, frankly acknowledged

BEACHING THE “GREAT EASTERN." in what way they can discourage giving a month's that the fractured plate was

advance before starting, except as a payment into

AST Saturday the “Great Eastern" was suc. quality, and should not have been put into the not of good li cessfully placed on the gridiron at New the pension fund or life insurance.

2. That Government shall put & stop to boiler bad he known it. The edge of the frac- Ferry, just above Liverpool, on the Cheshire tured plate appeared to contain an old flaw at side of the river. The gridiron was constructed and entering in the heading of the articles" a

scurvy in the mercantile marine, by calling for the line of caulking, just as if a crack had been about three years ago, when the vessel was first

new scale of provisions. started either when the boiler was first made overhauled in the Mersey, but has since been or when it was caulked at the time of testing improved. There was a very high spring tide, seamen

to 15 certified superficial feet of deck, and

3. That they shall increase the space given to with water pressure up to 240lb., and had gra. and although the "Great Eastern" was drawing not less than 90 cubic feet of air; also that they dually gone on developing till it extended right 18ft. 6in. of water on an even keel, there was shall require the forecastle to be properly lighted, across the plate. That this crack had existed quite sufficient depth on the shore to render the drained, ventilated, and protected from the sea, for some time is corroborated by the fact that operation of beaching a safe one. The big ship this seam of rivets had been found to leak a lies broadside on the grid running paralles with us well as from the gas which rises from the month or so before the explosion, and was the river. About nine o'clock a.m. all was in cargo. Safe glazed lamps and oil or candles to caulked in consequence, while in addition the readiness, and the ship left her moorings. Sir to be entered in the heading of the "articles of

be provided for use; and these rights of seamen boiler had leaked on the morning of the explo. James Anderson, the commander of the

big ship, agreement," and a copy hung in the forecastle. sion, when the maker was sent for to examine it, attended to the navigation, while Mr. Brereton, but as the joint could not be got at with steam the successor to Mr. Brunel and Mr. Yockney, offices, whose duty it shall be to visit ships on

4. That dock clerks be attached to shipping up, repairs were deferred till the brickwork carefully watched the engineering department. could be removed on the following Saturday, Four steam tags (two on each side the Great their arrival, see that the crews get part of their when

the boiler would be stopped. This leak Eastern”) assisted to keep the vessel in position, pay, and, if they wish, send them to their homes, age was on the same side of the boiler as the as with scarcely perceptible motion she neared promising to send the rest of their pay and papers

after them. primary rent, and from the position of the the beach. The screw engines only of the big ship moisture on the brickwork, there is good reason

5. That shipping.masters shall be empowered were worked. The screw boilers have been to conclude that the water came from the same taken out of the ship, and are to be replaced by provisions, or at least those of any against which

to order the inspection of all ships' forecastles and seam that had previously proved defective and new ones, and the screw engines were conrent a few hours afterwards. Having regard to sequently worked from the paddle boilers. The there is a reasonable complaint. Again, that shipall the circunstances of the case, the position big ship took the grid about ten o'clock, being manders ship another man immediately in the and character of the rents, the condition of the placed with great nicety in the exact position furnace crown, the brittle character of the plate, fixed upon, and kept in position by two massive place of the one discharged. Also that vessels en. and the repeated leakages at the seam of rivets at dolphins. Although her sides and bottom are bound to provide them another ship or pay their

gaging crews to be discharged abroad sball be which the primary rent occurred, &c., there can be rather dirty, the lines, bolts, and rivets appear no question that the explosion was not due toshort- in excellent order.

passage home. ness of water, or an improper amount of steam, but

6. That Government be moved to provide for that it occurred at a pressure not exceeding that

the admission of English boys into the mercantile at which the boiler was ordinarily worked,

marine, as a means of national defence in case of simply from weakness consequent on defective

FREQUENT LOSS OF IRON SHIPS. war, as well as an honest employment of her material with injudicious workman. HE cause of the loss of so many iron ships snbjects, instead of allowing them to be sup.

planted by foreigners. it was a bad one. shipowners and others. The question was in

Lastly, that Government be asked to grant This explosion affords a forcible illustration of cidentally referred to at the annual meeting of public lands

in our seaports for married sailors the sad results of putting in bad plates, the par- the Maritime Insurance Company, the general homes, sailors' clubs or institutes, and to chaser's works being laid in ruins, though he opinion of those present being that the risks on

courage in every way the social improvement of covenanted for a good boiler, and paid an ample iron ships were unduly great. Ist. From the seamen, who suffer great temptations and pri. price for it, so that the onus of the explosion use of cement and iron ballast. Vessels at prevations from the peculiar circumstances of their must rest entirely with the boiler maker. Since sent, it was stated, are constructed to float on

profession. this is an explosion of so unusual a character, a rather than in the water, and consequently they cut, prepared from a photograph, has been had to be weighted down to a certain depth

A new industry has lately been introduced into added showing the double-riveted joint at which by iron. For instance, a first-class mer. Glasgow-that of polishing granite, an art for which the primary rent occurred. Fig. 1 and 2 chant ship (A 1 twenty years at Lloyd's) had 200 Aberdeen has long been noted. The works esta: represent a piece cut off each end of the belt of tons weight of iron on her ties and rivets. It blished near Pollokshields by the Scottish Granite plate severed from the boiler, the fracture

at the was also urged that the space occupied by Company are now employed in the preparation de double line of rirets being at a longitudinal seam, iron ballast filled the space which would other- eight polished granite columns for the piers of the and those at right angles with it, and on each wise be occupied by the leakage water, which new Blackfriars Bridge. One of these immeuse side of the plate, at a circumferential ope. Fig. 3 shows a cross section of the overlap, undue height, to the great injury of the cargo. has ever been wrought into a polished colump in was in consequence thus frequently forced to an monoliths is already in an advanced state of its pro

It is perhaps the largest block of granite that giving the parts full size. From these it will be 2nd. The deviation of the compasses was Scotland. It is about 7ft. in diameter, and about seen that the rivets, which had a diameter of another serious and frequent cause of risk, and lift. in length; and four of the number are to be eleven-sixteenths of an inch in the body, and an it was recommended that all iron ships should about8ft. in diameter and 12ft. high. The material inch and one-eighth in the beaten head, were set carry a compass on the main mast, twenty feet is the beautiful red syenitic granite of Mull.

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166, Fleet-street.

ments should reach the office not later than 6 o'clock on

ALLEN V DITCHBURN.

Obituary.

Correspondence.

cision of Vice-Chancellor Wood ? My right to the machinery and tools by which only the cartridges can be made is still unaffected, and therefore their

manufacture cannot be carried on without proper On Tuesday evening last, Sir William Snow

WATER MACHINERY,

licence from myself. Harris, F.S.A., died at his house in Plymouth, TO THE EDITOR OF THE "MECHANICS' MAGAZINE."

I am, Sir, yours, &c., in which town he was born in 1791. Early in Sir,--An article under the above heading, which

GEORGE H. Daw, life he was a militia surgeon, and subsequently appeared in your issue for the 28th December last, 57, Threadneedle street, City, E.C., practised in Plymouth. It was, however, to his forcibly exemplifies the truth of the axiom that

January 24. knowledge of electricity that he owed what fame there is nothing new under the sun.”

The he possessed. His papers on." The elementary articulated float wheel,” precisely as illustrated laws of electricity” attracted the attention of the and described in your columns, was, I beg to inform

TO CORRESPONDENTS. Royal Society, which elected him a member in you, invented, patented, manufactured, and experi1831. In 1835 the Copley medal was awarded mented with by myself and others at least thirty

' post-free to subhim; and in 1839 his "Inquiries Concerning the years ago. We applied one of these wheels to a small scribers of £1 ls. 8d. yearly, or 103. 102. half-yearly, pagElementary Laws of Electricity,” third series, siderable time, until it attracted the attention of

Advertisements are inserted in the MEOHANICS' MAGAvas printed in the "Philosophical Transactions, ; Lord

Cochrane, who, with several other

gentlemen sertions, or 4d. a line for 26 insertions

LINE at the rate of bd. per line, or 5d. per line for 13 in. and obtained the prize as the “Bakerian Lecture.". distinguished by their scientific proclivities, sists of about 10 words. Woodcuts are charged at the same In 1841 Sir William was awarded a pension of honoured us with their presence on board in a trip rate as type. Special arrangements made for large adver£300 a year from the Civil List for his scientific we all took up the river. These gentlemen expressed tisements.

All communications should be addressed to the EDITOR, acquirements, and in 1847 received the honour of themselves highly delighted with the result of this knighthood. "The Emperor of Russia in 1845 excursion, and sizoified their intention of proceeding further in the matter. But it happened just at

To ingure insertion in the following number, advertisepresented him with a vase in acknowledgment that time, as far as I can remember, that his lord- Thursday evening. of his scien'ific services. He subsequently made ship became reinstated in his command of the We must absolutely decline attending to communicavaluable improvements in the construction of British navy, and consequently, being too much en. tions unaccompanied by the name and address of the the compass (now generally adopted), and was gaged to occupy himself with the scheme, it, like writer, not necessarily for insertion, but as a proof of the sole inventor and patentee of the tubular many other incipient plans, fell through for want of good faith. -ED, M. M. lightning conductors for iron ships, for carrying encouragement. Before this consummation, how.

RECEIVED.-J. 0.-G. P. A.-R, B, 8.-T. G. R.out which invention a Parliamentary grant was ever; numerous trials had been made, which re. sulted in the following experience:-It was found 1: B.1.-W. de R.-W. D.-R. T.-J. D. B.-R. 0.

J. N. N.-Messrs. G. and B.-H, D, D.-D. S. N.-J.J. made.

that the wheels typified by the diagram (fig. 1) 1. N.-W. F. and fon.-S. T.-N. v. and Co.-E. and B. answered very well as far as wheels totally immersed -J.0.-H. S. 0.-Captain S.-J.J. S-J. N.-R, T.

were concerned, but in cases such as water-wheels, W. S. Legal Intelligence.

&c., where circumstances would admit of only par. TTU

tial immersion, some modifications were introduced,

viz., the floats, instead of being attached to the Meetings for the Week. COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. periphery b (fig. 1) and permitted to fall against the January 21.

Fic.l.

Mox. - Royal Geographical Society.-Papers to be read (Sittings at Nisi Prius, in Middlesex, before MR.

--1, " A Geographical Inquiry, with reference

to the Best Site for a Capital of India," by the JUSTICE Biles and a Common Jury.)

Hon. George Campbell.' 2, "On the Inland
Navigation of Travancore,' by Mr. 0, R.

Markham, 8.30.
This case arose out of the following circum.

TUES.-Institution of Civil Engineers.-Discussion on. stances :The “Alexandra" saloon steamboat

"Ships of War," 8. met with an accident in the Pool, which necessi.

Royal Institution.--"On Vibratory Motion, with

special reference to Sound," by Professor Tyntated some repairs being done to her machinery.

dall, 3. The consequence was that she was sent to the

THURS.–Royal Institution.--"On Vibratory Motion, plaintiff's yard near the Victoria Docks, and

with special reference to Sound," by Professor work was done to the amount of £118 ls. 8d.

Tyndall, 3.

FR1.-Royal Institution.—“On the Crystal Palace Fire,” This amount it was now sought to recover.

hy J. S. Russell, 8. inner circumference a when acting under the gra Mr. M. Chambers, Q.C., and Mr. Turner ap- vitating influence of the water, were jointed to the

Royal United Service Institution.-" The Best peared for the plaintiff , and Mr. Day for the de- perimeter of an internal annular ring d (fig. 2) in

Mode of Recruiting for tbe Army, and the

Influences bearing upon that Service," by fendant.

Captain R. C. Noake, 3. It appeared that the “ Alexandra” was owned

FIG.2.

Architectural Association.-- Oyster Culture by a limited liability company, of which the

Architecturally Considered," by Mr. J. P. defendant was a director. Another circum.

Seddon, 7.30.

Sat.-Royal Institution. -"On Harmony," by Mr, G. A. stance was that the defendant having been for a

Macfarren, 3. good many years a shipbuilder, he took a some. what active part in reference to the repairs of the vessel. The case for the plaintiff was that the

A

-B defendant personally gave the orders, and that

Nabal, Military, and Gunnery Items. the work was done upon his credit; whilst, on the other hand, the case was that the fact that

W

We clip the following from the London Magazine the vessel belonged to a company was written

of July 27, 1736, showing the state of our navy at up on the vessel, and also appeared upon placards

that period :-"His Majesty's ship the “Superbe, hanging in the saloon; and that the defendant

a fourth-rate of 60 guns, lately rebuilt, was launched acted only as one of the company and never in such a manner that when impinged upon by the at Woolwich.

'Tis certain the British navy was tended to take upon himself any personal lia- head water or tidal current they came in contact never in the order it is at present, whether in bility.

with stops e placed in this instance upon the outer regard to the condition of the ships, the discipline The Jury found for the plaintiff for the amount circumference b.

on board, or the pay of the seamen. His Majesty claimed.

The superiority of this system may be manifested has at present 124 ships of the line of battle, 55 fifth

by supposing the horizontal plane A B to be a lever, and sixth rates for cruising in the Channel, the OHANCERY COURT.

with the centre C of the wheel as a fulcrum. Of Mediterranean, &c., with bombships, fireships, January 23.

course the advantage gained is the difference be- sloops, and yachts, making in the whole 209 vessels.

tween the length of the arms C B and DC, or, The value of the ship just launched, when completed, (Before the MASTER OF THE ROLLS and a rather, moment of (O B g) = moment of (AC with masts and rigging, amounts to about £14,200, Special Jury.)

AD) W, where C B= length of one arm, CD= that of the whole navy to £2,591,337.” The foreCOX V. WILSON.

length of the other, g = the impact or force of going offers a marked contrast to the present con. The plaintiff obtained a patent in 1863 for an sistance of the air. 'It was discovered in the case gravity of the water, w=weight of float and re. dition of our naval matters.

The French Minister of War has just decided improved method of tanning hides or skins by of partial immersion that the weight of the paddles that in future every man in the army, in addition " 80 suspending and fastening them within a on the ascending side of the wheel sometimes ab. to the ordinary drill of the branch of the service to rotating frame that they shall alternately roll or sorbed all the useful effect that was produced on the which he belongs, shall receive instruction in fold up, and again straighten whilst immersed or other side, so that the development of power was fencing. partially immersed in fluid,” and having filed a extremely limited, I should not have ventured any A colossal bust of King William I. has arrived at bill for an injunction against the defendant to observations on this subject had it not been claimed La Seyne, to be placed in the hall, where a grand restrain an allegeu infringement of the patent, a taine. A wooden model of the wheel as represented launch of an iron.clad frigate which has been built

as an invention of and patented by M. de la Fon: banquet is to take place on the occasion of the special jury was summoned to try the usual by your diagrams may be found somewhere in for the Prussian Government in that yard. issues for testing the validity of the patent. Somerset House. I caused another to be constructed The case occupied the Court the whole of Tues with the before-mentioned modifications, but at duced by the late Admiral Fitzroy has given great

The discontinuance of the storm signals introday and part of to-day.

this advanced period, I do not exactly remember dissatisfaction in Liverpool, and the Mercantile Mr. Grove, Mr. Baggallay, and Mr. Fooks what became of them.

Marine Service Association intend to potition the Were for the plaintiff'; and Mr. Bristowe for the

I am, Sir, yours, &c.,

Board of Trade in favour of their early resumption. defendant.

Ś. W. WORSSAN.

The Naval Medical Warrant is still “ hanging The jury found in favour of the plaintiff on

King's-road, Chelsea, S.W.

fire," says the Army and Navy Gazette. Their

Lordships of the Treasury appear to be the culprits. CENTRAL-FIRE CARTRIDGES.

In the meantime the service is sadly in want of It is a great satisfaction to know that the earth central fire cartridges, you have referred to the reduring this week, be four or five candidates for ad.

SIR, - As in your notice of last Friday upon young burgeons, and, although there will, probably weighs 1,256,195,070,000,000,000,000 tons only. cent trial between myself and Messrs. Eleys, will mission, these will not, even provided they succeed Thone public-spirited people who wish to "give it a yon allow me permission to state

in your columos in passing, make up for the casualties and the resig. lift" need not be deterred by the weight.

that only a part of my patent is affected by the de nations of last quarter.

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1753

The following results of the yearly course of The number of telegraphic despatches exchanged In pursuing his experiments with a view to subpractice of the sergeant instructors at Hythe and in the City of Paris now exceeds 1,500 a day stitute petroleum for coal in the generation of Fleetwood are recorded in the Times as an evidence

Captain Huish, well-known in the railway world steam, Mr. C. J. Richardson has discovered an even of what squads of men can do with the Enfield from his long connection with the London and cheaper compound than the least saleable mineral rifle when carefully and systematically trained. North-Western Railway Company, died on Friday oils. He finds that coal tar, creosote, naphthaline, These non-commissioned officers are not selected as last. Captain Huish was Deputy-Chairman of the the same way as he proposed to burn the crude oils : instructors on account of their good shooting, many Electric and International Telegraph Company. of them being only second-class shots when they

a compound with which he has obtained excellent joined the school :- Average points obtained in the fibrous material, known and appreciated by the sote, three parts; and one or two parts of heavy

The leaves of the pine-apple plant produce a results, being formed of coal tar, two parts; creo. first period—53 at Hythe, 51 at Fleetwood; ditto, barbarous hordes of Africa and the semi.civilised shale oil. We are informed that Mr. Richardson in volley firing, 24 at Hythe, 25 at Fleetwood; per: Malays. The celebrated pine-apple cloth of the will have his petroleum boiler at work again in centage of first class, minus third class, 95 at Philippines, resembling the finest muslin, is woven Woolwich Dock in the course of a week or two, Hythe, 92 at r'leetwood; figure of merit, 172 at with the delicate fibres of the uncultivated pine. when all who are interested in the matter can in. in the second class, second period 40:57 at Hythe, apple plant. This maslin is embroidered by the spect its practical working. 32-13 at Fleetwood; ditto, first class, third period., and taste, so that the "pina" muslin of the Philip19 80 at Hythe, 21:33 at Fleetwood i ditto, in rapid file-firing, 14:10 at Hythe ; time, 5 min. 12 sec. at pines has become a celebrated article of manaHythe: average points obtained in the second facture.

Patents for Inventions. class, second period, in skirmishing, 17·10 at Hythe. the north portions of the nave of the Palace,

The flue which works the heating apparatus for We understand that, pending the consideration destroyed in thelate fire, has now been repaired, ABRIDGED SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS. of the recommendations of Lord Strathnairn's Com- and the whole of the interior is now made warm mission on Army Organisation, all appointments to and comfortable.

The Abridged Specifications of Patents given below are the civil branches of the army bave been suspended,

classified, according to the subjects to which the respectire from the line have been informed their applications ton, Sussex, felt his plough come against something all the advantages of a division into classes. It should be

, recently , By the system and that candidates for service in the Commissariat Chanton" Farm, bet vreen Washington and Ashin a clasification adopted, the numerica, and obtained a picado must stand over for the present.

which caused it to be thrown out of its course. It understood that these abridgements are prepared exclu. We understan·l that the Northfleet dockyard, proved to be an old crock, or eartbenware pot, con. sively for this Magazine from official copies supplied by which has been closed for the past year and nine taining a number of old coins, chiefly of the time of the Government, and are therefore the property of the months, will, in the course of the spring, be occu- Edward the Confessor and Harold. They were all Proprietors of this Magazine. Other papers are hereby pied. The "British Empire” steam ship, 3,000 packed in the crock on their edges, as closely as

warned not to produce them without an acknowledgttons, will, during the present week, be docked, for possible, and had evidently remained undisturbed the purpose of undergoing thorough repair, which since first hidden. The Government authorities BOILERS AND FURNACES, - 1694, 1709, 1720, 1723, 1762 will be the means of employing a great many ship. have been communicated with on the subject of the

BUILDINGS AND BUILDING MATERIALS,-1698, 1701, 1712 wrights and others now out of employ.

1730, 1739, 1750, 1754, 1760 treasure.

CHEMISTRY AND PHOTOGRAPHY-1703, 1707, 1726 In the course of the past year a new equipment During the past year, says the Bookseller, there OULTIVATION OF TAE SOIL, including agricultural imple of the Russian field artillery has been resolved have appeared 4,204 new books and new editions :

ments and machines,-1738 upon, . Only rifled cannon will be seen in future, Religious books and pamphlets, 849 ; biographi: ELEOTRICAL APPARATUS.-1718, 1725, 1749, 1751 one-third of the foot batteries to be provided with cal and historical, 194; medical and surgical, 160; FIBROUS FABRICS, including machinery for treating fibres, 9-pounders, and the rest of the foot batteries and poetry and the drama, 232 ; novels, 390; minor KOOD AND BEVERAGES, includin apparatus for preparing all horse batteries with 4-pounders. Had the fiction and children's books, 544; travels, lopo- foon for men and animals,--1693, 1713, 1719, 1724, 1756 Government decided for the exclusive use of steel graphy, and geography, 195; annuals and serials FURNITURE AND APPAREL, including housenoid atensils

, guns—an article the manufacture of which in Russia (volumes only), 225; agriculture, horticulture, &c.,

time-keepers, jewellery, musical instruments, do, is very difficult, while its purchase abroad would be 64; English philology and education, 196; Euro

1706, 1633, 1743, 1746, 1762, 1763

GENERAL MACHINERY,–1692, 1696, 1702, 1715, 1717, 1722, dear and slow-it would have taken very long to pean and classical philology and translation, 161; 1729, 1731, 1740, 1742 re-organise this essential branch of the service. law, 84 ; naval, military, and engineering, 39; LIGHTING, HEATING, AND VENTILATING,—1697, 1710, 174, For this reason the Ordnance Department have science, natural history, &c., 147 ; trade and oom thought it advisable to order bronze guns, and merce, 79; politics and questions of the day, 167 ; Metals, including apparatus for their manufacture,

1734 made the requisite preparations to cast 300 pieces illustrated works, 85; art, architecture, &c., 34 a year in the St. Petersburg arsenal.

MISCELLANEOUS.--1695, 1737, 1755 miscellaneous, not classified, 359–total, 4,204.

ROAD3 AND VEHICLES, including railway plant and care In addition to the foregoing a most important inWe hear that an improved certre discharge water.

riages, saddlery, and harness, &c., -1699, 1716, 1728, novation has also been made-viz., the introduction wheel is at present being made in San Francisco 1732, 1735, 1745, 1748 of workshops for the making of regimentals. No Where there is a good head of water it is probably: Suips And Boats, including their fittings,-none less than 15,000 men were last year employed in one of the most simple and effective wheels that STEAM ENGINES, -1700, 1711, 1714, 1759 this department. The total of soldiers on leave al. can be obtained. The form is similar to Guibal's WARFARE, —1601, 1721 ready exceeding 400,000 men, it is so very necessary ventilating fan, but it works the reverse way. to keep everything ready for their instantaneous Artichoke dried is the new substitute for tobacco.firearms. Dated June 25, 1866

Improvements in breechloading equipment in case of need that a further increase It is said to be pleasant and innoxious.

This invention relates to breech-loading fire-arms of the of such shops seems to be highly desirable. This Messrs. Field, the eminent candle manufacturers, the barrels turn in a vertical place upon a joint, their open

kind commonly called drop down-guns, or guns on which arrangement is imitated from the Prussian army, of London, have lately introduced patent self- breech ends being depressed and held against the face of the whose coats and boots are exclusively made by fitting candles, which are a great improvement upon break-off for discharge, and raised from the said soldiers under arms. Under the general conscrip: the ordinary ones. They are so constructed as to break-off for the introduction of the cartridges into the tion system, the number of draughted tailors and fit any size of stick, and therefore do away al breech ends. The invention consists, firstly, of the improveshoemakers is necessarily very great. together with the necessity for using anything to

ments hereinafter described in constructing and arranging The Russian fleet has been increased, during the make the candle stand upright, which is such a cartridges. The inventor places the pins or strikers in

the mechanism of the said guns for discharging central-fire past year, by the completion of the armoured frigate nuisance in other candles.

slightly oblique holes made in the break-off of the gun, the Petropaulowska," and the plated battery, “Kremel.". Its monitors have been armed with Uzeste, a few evenings back. The Glaneur, of Bor- situated in the axis of the barrels. A meteor of extraordinary size was seen at ioner or acting ends of the said pins or strikers being

The pins or strikers guns of 15in, calibre, and its iron-plated vessels deaux 'states that about seven in the evening three inner ends shall be flush with the face of the break-off by

are pressed into the holes in the break-off so that their with steel-rifled guns of large bore.

persons on the road between Préchac and Villan- means of coiled springs bearing against collars or shoulderdraut perceived this enormous meteor passing over upon the said pins or strikers. The pins or strikers are

them, and were terrified at its fiery aspect. In its placed in the break-off from the face thereof, the said pipa Miscellanea.

transit it dropped numerous sparks, traces of which being maintained therein by vertical plates, or by brushes were found in holes being burnt in the umbrellas break-off nearest the butt end of the gun is cut away to

That part of the which those persons carried.

about half the depth of the break-off. At the meeting of the Society of Engineers, held

An ingenious contrivance, called the loxodro- portions of the break-off constitute depressions or

chambers, near the bottoms of which the outer ends of on Monday evening, the following gentlemen were graphe, has been recently invented by a naval en

the pins or strikers are situated, and project a short disballoted for and duly elected members

:-Messrs. gineer, M. Corradi, for ascertaining a ship's course Harry Maule Ffinch, "John Jasper Horner, Ewing during a voyage. On the dial of the compass, in depressions or chambers thus formed behind the pins or Matheson, Jabez Church, Joseph Bennet' Howell

, stead of the star

which indicates the north, a cir- strikers the beads of the hammers enter to discharge the Thomas Jourdain Hay, Arthur Jacob, B. A., Henry cular opening is made, furnished with a small lens. gun, the said

heads having the requisite shape. The tront Gielgud, John Wood, and Charles Sexton Baylee. The light shining upon the compass penetrates of the head of each bammer is inclined or bevelled, so that

on the fall of the said hammer its bevelled head strikes The associates elected were: Messrs. Joseph Casb, through the lens, and traces a black mark or line on against the outer end of the pin or striker projecting into Johannes D. F. Hald, James Young Davidon, and

a sheet of sensitive paper underneath, which is made the depression of the break-off, drivicg forward the said pia William Oxford. A large number of names of can.

to move at a certain speed by means of clockwork. didates were announced to be balloted for at uest The sensitized paper turns with the action of the discharge the cartridge. By constructing and arranging meeting on the 4th February, 1867.

ship, and as the needle remains perfectly steady, the mechanism for discharging the gun according to this Furious storms of snow and wind have raged every deviation or alteration of the course is photo invention, a sbield or protecting plate is situated behind

the outer ends of the pics or strikers, which are acted apon ihroughout the United States ever since Christ. graphed on the paper. mas, blocking railways,' impeding travel, and

The British Medical Journal, states that Pro- the person using the gun from injury by the flying ont of

by the hammers, which shield or plate effectually protects causing

wrecks along the coasts. fessor Hamilton has presented to the Pathological the said pins or strikers, the pins or strikers being advanced Throughout New York and the west it is reported Society of New York the heart of a patient aged to discharge the cartridges nearly in a line with the axes of that they have not been paralleled within the last forty-four years. A bullet was embedded in the the barrels. The invention consists, secondly, of the followi

apex of the heart, which had been lodged there ing improvements in cartridge-case extractors for the said It is not improbable that in the changes conse from a musket wound received when he was four- a recess or hole in the rib between the barrels. The outer quent on the destruction of the Tropical Depart- teen years old. Six weeks after the injury he re- end of this rod carries a vertical plate, or the extractor ment at the Crystal Palace a spacious concert-room turned to work. He was married in 1815. His last proper, which lies in a recess in the face of the breech ends will be built on the site of the magnificent courts illness was ascribed to cold. The ball was sur

of the barrels when the barrels are shut down against the

The outer sides of the said vertical plate have beyond the screen, and the Handel Orchestra re- rounded by a theromatous deposit. The heart was moved thereto. dilated, but not hypertrophied.

the same curvature as the inner sides of the barrels, and

are provided with the necessary grooves to receive the The steam ship "City of Boston," of the Inman From the Athenæum, we learn that the Treasury rms of the cartridges when pushed home in the line, which arrived at Liverpool on Thursday, the has sanctioned the expenditure of £20,000 for the breech ends of the barrels.

At tbe bottom of this plato 10th inst., has completed within the year no less transference of the iron “ boiler" buildings from the or extractor is a second rod parallel with that working than ten voyages between Eygland and New York, South Kensington Museum to a piece of parish barrels, and acts as a guide to the extractor. The top of being a distance of more than 60,000 nautical or ground near Victoria Park, in Bethnal Green, the vertical plate or extrartor is formed into a handloop 70,000 statute miles,

a performance never before where will be formed a museum for the use of thumb plate hy which the excractor is worked. The handle equalled by any vessel. the East of London,

or thumb plate may either project from top of the rib or be

1691 T. P. SAVILLE.

The cut away

Into the

numerous

20 years.

break-off.

expanded horizontally, the said expanded part lying, when water, or such other liquid or fluid as may be passed through Third, the treatment of sulphate of lead with any one of the gap is ready for discharge, in a depression in the top of it, which said tube is pressed against by the arms of a the alkaline compounds, in the manner and for the purpose the break-off. The front end of the rod in the rib is con- small wheel, so as nearly or entirely to close it. Circum- described. Fourth, the manufacture of white lead from the nected to one end of a coiled spring, the opposite end of the stances will determine the number of such arms, but four, ores of lead, from the metallic lead, or from the oxide of coiled spring being fastened by means of a pin passed six, or eight will generally be found sufficient. The extre- that metal, by the employment of nitric and sulphuric acids, throngh the rib to the end of the hole in which the said mities of the arms may be furnished with small roilers to in combination with a treatment by an alkali .solution, rod slides. By means of this spring the return motion of aid their passage over the flexible tnbe. The water being either with or without the prior treatmen: by a carbonate of the extractor is effected. When the breeoh ends of the admitted at the inlet end of the flexible tube presses against an alkaline basę, substantially as described. Patent combarrels bave been raised from the face of the break-off after the extreuity of the arm, and so urges it forward till pleted. the discharge of the gan, by pressing the head or thumb- the next arm takes its place, which is pushed forward in plate of the extractor towards the butt end of the guu, the like manner, and the small wheel is thus kept constantly

1704 St. C. RABISson. Improvements in printing on extractor slides out of the recess in the face of the barrels, revolving. By suitably connecting it with a counter the

woven fabrics, Dated June 26, 1866. and starts or partly withdraws the exploded cartridge quantity of water or other liquid or fluid passed through

In performing this invention the inventor mixes colouring eases from the breech ends of the said barrels. On releas- the tube may be registered. Patent abandoned.

matters such as are ordinarily employed for printing on ing the head or thumb-plate of the extractor it returns to

fabrics with glycerine, either alone or with a little albumen. its normal position by the action of the spring. The 1697 J. YOUNG, jun. Imorovements in apparatus for the He prints with this mixture, and then dries the fabric; in sliding motion of the extractor is limited in either direction

treatment of hydrocarbon oils. Dated June 26, 1866. this way very delicate shades may be obtained. If the by means of a pin passed through the rib working in a slot This invention relates to an apparatus to be used in the printing be required to be effected at a very low price, flour, made in the rod sliding in the said rib. Patent abandoned. treatment of certain hydrocarbon oils, such as those obogum, dextrine, and similar materials may be added to the

tained from the distillation of coal or shale at a low tem- glycerine, with which the colouring matters are com. 1692 W. E. Newton. An improved spirit meter. (A perature, and known as paraffin oils, or such as petroleam, pounded, and, after printing, if the fabrics are steamed, communication.) Dated June 25, 1866

either crude or more or less refined, the object in view very solid colours are obtained. Patent abandoned. The object of the apparatus which forms the subject of being the reduction of the specific gravity of such oils, and this invention is to measure and register the quantity of the improvement of their properties

for illuminating puro navigable vessels to be employed in convoying liquid cargoes.

1705 O. BEECHING. Improvements in ships or other spirit which may flow through the apparatus from the dis- poses. The apparatus which the inventor proposes to emcharge pipe of a still, or from any other source, according ploy in the treatment of such oils consists of a closed boiler

Dated June 26, 1866. to the strength and temperature. The apparatus consists or distilliog vessel of suficient strength to resist a pressure

For conveying water from the sea to inland towns, the inof two principal parts, which, though quite distinct in of at least ioolb. to the square inch. This vessel having transverse partitions, thereby dividing the vessel into

ventor proposes to construct a vessel with longitudinal and their operation, are contained in the same case, and form been charged with oil, heat is applied thereto, and the va(as combined) ono machine. The first of these two parts is pour of the oil produced by such application of heat is allowed suitable valve or door, in such manner that, when the doors

number of compartments, each of which is provided with a the weighing apparatus, which receives the spirit as it flows to pass to the condenser at any regulated pressure through a from the discharge pipe of a still, or elsewhere, and weighs pipe provided with a valve loaded to the pressure required; or sealed against the entrance of water or the liquid cargo from

or valves are closed, each compartment sball be hermetically it according to a certain strength, registers the quantity on 1 separate tube with regulating stopcock may be provided the adjoining compartments ; but when it is desiral to fill a dial or indicator, which is attached to and is worked by for allowing the vapour to pass to the condensing, appara: or empty the ship or other vessel of its contents, the doors the machinery of this weighing apparatus. This dial is tu.. The boiler or distilling vessel is further provided with; or valves are then opened, so that free communication may not of any particular form or make, but is arranged some- a pressure gauge for the purpose of indicating the pressure what similar to those in ordinary use for gas meters; any provision is also made in the construction of the distilling by means of a sipbon, or other suitable means applied to

be afforded between some or all of the compartments; and description of indioator at present in use, and which may vessel for cleaning out or removing from it at intervals bo suitable, may therefore be used. The second part the heavy deposits, which if allowed to remain would seri

one or more of the compartments, the water or other liquid received the spirit after it has passed through the weighing ously interfere with the process of distillation, and it is cargo is supplied to the vessel or drawn off therefrom,

the apparatus, and measures and indicates the quantity in evident that the more capable it is of being cleaned out the

water or other liquid cargo flowing into such compartment gallons on a separate dial, which may be of the same kind better. Patent abandoned.

or compartments through the doors or valves until the us above described, only that the motion will be imparted

vessel is entirely filled or emptied. The vessel is also conto it in a different manner. By this second measurement 1698 O. F. COTTERILL. Improvements in the manufacturo structed with a perforated or reticulated false deck a short a check is always kept upon the first measurement, 80 of sarthenware and other pipes, and in machinery or appa

distance below tbe ordinary deck, and the various divisions that the least variation in either can at once be detected ratus to be employed in the said manufacture. Dated Jane and the sides and bottom of the vessel are securely braced The weighing and measuring parts of the machine have 26, 1866.

together by suitable tie rods or braces, in such manner that several other parts which are common to both, such as This invention relates to such pipes as are made double the vessel

shall not be injured by its rolling or pitching in supply pipe, receiver, sample receiver, funnel, &o. Patent and in segments, that is, pipes which consist of two con- disturbed water. Putont abandoned. completed.

centrio pipes one within the other made by being built up 1693 G. CHARLES-ANGE. A system of treating corn and earthenware and are principally used for conveying water of which machinery may be used for other purposes. Dated

1706 E. AMBROSE. Improvements in vonetian blinds and The said pipes are usually made of blind Attings, and in machinery for making the same, parts

of segmental pieces. othe materials. Dated June 25, 1866. This invention consists essentially in storing the matters

and sewage. The improvements in the manufacture of the June 27, 1866. to be treated in apparatus arranged as described, and in

said pipes consist in making the segmental pieces much
thinuer than usual, ind filling up the space between the

The patentee claims, first, the suspension of venetian causing these apparatus to undergo the requisite moveinner and outer pipes with cement, so as to consolidate the

blinds by the top lath being hung on pivots in fixed brackets ments and oscillations which may very often be efficacious whole into one compact mass instead of leaving the space

or supports, instead of in the usual manner. Secondly, the and indispensable, and which have only hitherto been sap

two modes described of fixing the ends of blinds to their plied by difficult and costly manouvres.

These appara-
between the two pipes empty. Patent abandoned.

rollers, so as to dispense with nailiog and sewiog. Thirdly, tus, which have the shape of drums of more or less dia- 1699 C. P. HOLLISS. Improvements applicable to axle the arrangement of winding apparatus described. Fou thly, meter and length, according to requirement and their des- trees, springs, and bearings of railway and other carriages, the elastic holder for the shade cord of venetian blinds, tiaed use, are cylinders traversed longitudinally by an axle to rails, chairs, and sleepers, and to frames of machines for Fifthly, the mechanism described for planing the two sides and closed at their ends. At the extremities of the staves isolating them from contact and preventing noise. Dated and edges of the laths by the fixed planes, as described. which compose the drums, and fitted on the heads or on June 26, 1866,

Sixthly, the arrangement of planes and cutters for planing the states, or at the same time on botb, are placed pegs or This invention is not described apart from the drawings.

and cutting blind rollers, as described. Seventhly, the racks, and books or catches and rings to receivolevers, with Patent completed.

apparatus bereinbefore described for printing laths of which the drum carried on trestles or otherwise may be set

venetian blinds and similar articles, by first passing such in motion and receive the oscillations and shocks which it

1700 W. BUCKLEY and L. SMITH. An improvement in laths or other articles through paint, or dipping them in is desirable to give it. Patent completed.

the piston of a steam engine, applicable also to air pump paint, and afterwards soraping and fioishing them by means 1694 E, FIELD and F. WISE. Improvements in appabuckets. Dated June 26, 1866.

of fixed elastic scrapers and brashes, as described. Eightly, ratus for generating steam or heating liquids. Dated June for expanding the packing rings of a steam engine piston or

The patentee claims the use of a helical or coiled spring the apparatus described for cutting the short narrow tapes, 25, 1866.

and marking the broad vertical tapes of venetian blinde. This invention consists, firstly, in the adaptation to co- pump bucket. Paient completed.

Ninthly, the apparatus described for punching the holes in lindrical and other circalar boilers or heating vessels, not

the laths of venetian blinds, wbei her the punch for the

1701 J, MILROY. Improvements in apparatus for cu. having internal flues, of water tabes projecting outwards cavating. Dated June 26, 1865.

purpose be worked by a bandle or by a lever; and, lastly, from the lower part of the boiler ioto the furnace and com- This invention is not described apart from the drawings.

the arrangement of fixed scrapers for scraping laths required bustion chamber or flue space, and in setting or placing Patent completed.

to be reprinted. Patent completed such boilers or vessels with their under sides in an inclined

1707 H. MEDLOCK and W. BAILEY. 1702 W. E. GEDGE. Improvements in the manufacture

Improvements in position, so that the portion thereof which is situated of blocks or pulleys by machinery. (A communication.)

preserving animal substances. Dated June 27, 1866. immediately over the furnace and combustion chamber or Dated June 26, 1866.

This invention consists in preserving animal substances fice space containing the water tubes as described, may form a slope or desceat, which it is recommended should not

In performing this invention the first operation consists by the aid of certain solutions, as follow :-Solution No. 1 be less than one in twelve from the farnace to the back end in cutting the wood by the aid of a belt

or strap into a flat is a solution of bisulphate of lime. Solution No. 2 is pro

piece of the ordinary dimensions. of the boiler, for the purpose of causing substances con

This first operation

duced by dissolving the ordinary cominercial gelatine in tained or hold in solution in the water

to descend and
be produces the blocks or pulleys in the roagers to which pieces in ten par s of water, and adding ten parts

of solution No.

boiling water, using from one part to two parts of gelatine accumulated at the backward or lower end, where they the desired shape is still to be given. These blocks being 1. Solution No. 3 is formed by mixing on. part of salt may either be blown off by means of a blow-off cock in the suitably sawn may be immediately arranged on the ma

with ten parts of solution No. 1, and from six to ten parts aceed manner, or may be received by a pocket or receptacle this operation is performed by means oor twee steele tools, of water, and solution No his formed by mixing ten petron ead, and be blown off thence as required. Secondly, in the with double and single grooves fixed on two tool holding of cold water, one part of salt, and one part of solution

No. 1. The pa' entees claim, firstly, the use of solution Construction of steam boilers or heating vessels having and the piece must be seized by hand guides or wooden tool: No. 1 for

preserving animal substances. Secondly, the

preservation of joints of meat, animals from which the skin combustion chamber in the saddle form, with a water acting loosely on the block, and presenting it to the steel

or feathers have been removed, fish and hides, by means of space on each side of the flue, and the furnace for heating blocks are fixed by means of press screws on the

platform solution

No. 2, in manner described. Thirdly, the preservar led from the top, so that the draught may pass downward of the mortising machine in the requisite position for pierc- tion of animals without removing the skio, by means of

manner described. Fourthly, the agains: the first row of tubes in the tube space, carrying means of a bit fixed on the puppet placed at the desired preservation of fish, game, and poultry, by means of solution

Fifthly, the preventing and the diame and heated gases thence into the fue, along with

a rack
and receives a come and go motion,

which per- arresting decomposition in animal substances, by means of which they pass between and amongst the tubes to the farther end of the boiler, the incandescent fuel in such fur

mits the tool to hollow out the mortice in the direction of solution No. 4, in manner described. naces resting by preference upon a hearth or hearths of suit- The sliding

frame on which this platform is adjusted is BIBBY. Improvements in machinery for combing wool and

its length by means of toothed gearing moved by the hand. 1708 J. NORTHEND, J. HOLMES, W. HOPKINSON, aad w, able opening or openings being provided

for the purpose
of moved by a crank, and regulates the depth of the mortice other fibrous substances. Dated June 27,

1866. admitting air and stoking. Thirdly, in the coustruction by means of a guide. The holes for the axles are pierced This invention relates, firstly, to means of working or of vertical boilers or heating vessels fitted with pendant inutility of the come and go movement given to the plat- nery, and consists in having

the said top jaw attached to a ia like manner, exceptiog as to changing the bit, and the

operating the upper nipping jaw employed in such machiwater tubes, with a vertical diaphragm or water space dividing form in the preceding case. The oval form of the blocks slidable frame, which is operated, or raised and lowered, by as that the fire grate may be situated at one side of the dias being traced by means of a model or mould, which deter

means of tappets, or cams and springs, in a similar manner phragm, and the opening or exit for the smoke or products mines its outline, the

belt or strap is again 'used to effect

to that in which the lower jaw is now operated. The said of combastion from the fire at the contrary side thereof, following the indicated line. This cutting is done instan- working the lower jaw, and are adjustable thereon, so as to

tappets or cams are fixed on the same shaft as the cams for thus compelling the products of combustion in their passage taneously, and presents no difficulty. Thus rounded the Fourthly, in preparing water tubes used for the generation blocks return to the groove-making

machine, which this slidable frame, which frame is fitted to slide on square parts of steam or the heating of liquids by galvanising or coat-planes its surface, as may be desired, by means of a steel

time only rounds off the outer angles of the block, and formed or fixed on the said cam shaft. Secondly, the in. ing them with zinc in such parts as are brought into con

vention relates to a method of attaching the upper jaw to tact with the water or other liquid for the purpose of

tool and a wooden one, which moved by hand serves to seize the slidable frame, and in means of ready adjustment avoiding incrustation thereon by the deposit of eartby against the tool holder, while the steel tool turning with

the pulley to conduct it in the direction of its roanding thereof to the bottom jaw, and consists in having the said and saline particles. Patent completed.

top jaw made of a T form, or broad at its upper edge, which great speed removes as much wood as necessary, and gives 1695 H. Sullivan. An improved instrument for writing. to this block the complete form prescribed by the model. the said jaw, and having cross slots therein to receive

is planed true at right angles to the direction of motion of Date: June 26, 1866.

Patent abandoned. Provisional protection has not been allowed for this in

T-headed bolts, by which it is fixed to the planed surface of 1703 W. R. LAKE. Improvements in the manufacture of a square bar. This bar has a deck at each end, by which it

white lead. (A communication.) Dated June 26, 1866. is supported (and capable of adjustment) in brackets at. 1696 A. CLAYTON. An improved apparatus for register- The patentee claims, first, the treatment of sulphate of tached to the slidable frame. They are also capable of ing the flow of water or other liquids or Ruids through pipes lead with an alkali solution in the manner and for the or orifices. Dated June 26, 1866.

yielding to pressure, being slidable in slots of the frame, purpose described. Second, the treatment of sulphate of and pressed by springs, such as heretofore have been applied to This invention consists is having a tabe of india rubber lead with a carbonate of an alkaline base, followed by an the top jaw of the nipping apparatus in combing machines. or of any other do xible boatorial not liable to injury trom alkali solution, in the manner and for the purpose described. Ratont abandoned.

tention.

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