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apper sarface of the materials is by this means polished by The documents relating to this invention are with the strength to the same, substantially as described ; second, the roller at the same time that the pistons compress the law officers under objection, and cannot at present be seen. providing for locking or securing the sectional connecting materials from below. After the moulds bave been carried

links or overlapping hooks, substantially as described.

1777 M. HENRY. Improvements in governors. (A compast this polishing roller, the piston of each mould is, by

Patent completed. inclines, caused to rise still further, until the monlded munication.) Dated July 4, 1866.

In the specification of a British patent obtained by the 1786 L. FIELD. Improvements in photographic printing bricks bare been entirely raised out from their moulds ; a workman then lifts off the bricks, and the trucks pass present patentee on the 21st December, 1864 (No. 3169) he frames. Dated July 6, 1866.

This invention consists in the arrangement hereinafter back for the moulds to be again filled with materials. described various arrangements of' centrifugal action Patent abandoned.

governors, all baving for their object to render the speed of described of the parts of photographic printing frames used

rotation independent of the distance between the weights, for printing positive photographs from negative photo1769 G. F. STARXES. Improvements in cotton gins and be applied the term " isochronism" to the property

graphs. The inventor arranges the parts of photograpbic Dated July 3, 1866.

characteristic common to these various arrangements. But printing frames as follows :-He employs two flaps carryThis invention relates to improving the construction of in seeking

to apply the

new principle of construction to ing respectively the negative and the paper or material on cotton gins in such a manner that the cotton to be operated steam engine governors he found that the arrangement had which the positive is to be printed; he calls these parts the

The two flaps upon cannot clog or bind, nor the seed crush against the

a tendency to depart from a regular or uniform motion, negative and positive flaps respectively. roll, and the "lump" be thereby prevented from getting and to acquire a velocity sometimes greater and at other are hinged together so as to close upon one another, and through. The improvements consist, firstly, in mounting times less than the mean velocity. In endeavouring to studs on the edge of one take into holes in the edge of the the bottom knite of the gin upon two studs or centres, in obviate this objection he has at length ascertained that the

other to ensure the flaps closing truly upon one another. such a manner that it may constantly oscillate with a real method consists in communicating motion to the The negative flap consists of a frame carrying an inner regular motion, so as to describe a portion of a circle; so weights of the governor by the intervention of appliances trame, in which a sheet of glass is fixed to support the nethat while it maintains contact with, and pressure against, capable of being acted upon by the variation which pre- gative. The inner frame is connected with the principal the leather roll, the point of contact therewith varies, and cedes and effects change of velocity. A governor tbus con

or outer frame by means of springs at its corners, so that the following useful effect is produced, viz., the "lump structed becomes what he calls a compound speed and ac- the negative can take an exact bearing on the positive surof cotton is allowed to pass through, instead of clogging celeration governor, by which he means a governor acted face pressed against it during printing. When this bearand cutting the leather roll, as would be the case with the on partly by the effect of speed, and partly by that of ac- ing is obtained the inner frame can be fixed by means of old gins. Patent abandoned.

celeration. As a speer governor it tends continuously to a clamping screws. The positive flap consists of a frame 1770 D. NICHOLS and W. B. LEACHMAN. Improved ma

certain determinale velocity, and as an acceleration go carrying a panel having a number of parallel slots in it. chinery for manufacturing bricks. Dated July 4, 1866.

vernor it begins its work by the acceleration of speed, and An ordinary pneumatic plate holder is fixed in any reThe object of this invention is not only to form or

before the velocity has undergone such alteration as wouldquired position on the panel by means of the slots, and mould tbo brick of the required size, but likewise to press

be necessary for putting the ordinary governor in motion. the plate of opal glass or a board carrying the positive the clay during the operation of forming or moulding, and

Whatever be iu other respects the construction of governor paper is held by the pneumatic plate holder; the surface thus to deliver it a pressed brick. For this purpuse, on two

to which the new principle of construction is to be applied, to be printed can be brought to any required part of the strong and suitable side frames, placed parallel to each independent of the axis which carries them, and as free the means consist, first, in rendering the governor weights tlap, so as to take a print from any part of a negative.

When a positive is to be taken on opal glass, the said other, the patentees mount transversely, and on the same horizontal line, two crushing rollers, set at convenient dis

thereon as possible. Secondly, in communicating motion glass is held directly by the pneumatic plate holder. When tances apart for the admission of clay, which is furnished

to them by means of a bush, ferrule, or tube baving a heli- a positive is to be taken on paper, the paper (propared in coidal or spiral screw thread thereon, and fitted on a por

the usual way) is placed on a board or panel, and held by from a hopper_placed over the rollers and screwed to the

tion of the axis, which is screw threaded in like manner, spring strips at the edges of the said board or panel, and side frames. The rollers may, if desired, have smooth so that the two take into each other like a nut and kcrew.

the said board or panel is held by the pneumatic plate peripheries, bat the patentees prefer to have them slightly The direction of spiral curvature is so arranged with re

holder. The negative being placed in the negative flap, stooped spirally and in opposite directions, that is, right spect to the direction of rotation of the governor that, by and the opal glass of paper in the positive flap, the latter and left-handed, in order to produce a superior crushing the increase of speed, the reaction exerted on the

bush in is closes or turned down upon the former, and

secured by effect when foreign matter is mingled with the clay, and also to prevent the caking of the same. on the front part the weights, and decrease of speed will produce a contrary the negative is obtained in the manner berein before leof the frame they mount the driving shaft, which may effect. Patent completed.

scribed. The frame is exposed to light in the usual way, either put in motion by ordinary gearing or by beliing.

and the progress of the printing may be examined from Os this shaft they place a double-grooved cam. In the one

1778 O. DOUGHTY. Improvements in apparatus for dis

time to time by raising the positive flap from the negative groove they place a pin connected to a die rod, which has a tilling the grease of cotton seed oil and other fatty matters. flap. In order to fix the negative steadily in the negative reciprocal motion and works horizontally underneath the Dated July 4, 1866.

flap the said flap is provided with a metal bearing at crushing rollers, the die being of the same dimensions in

For this purpose the patentee employs superheated one end and a bow spring at the other, between which the length and depth as the required brick. The groove on the steam in the following manner :-The steam enters by a

negative is held. A series of frames similarly furnished opposite side of the cam has a pin connected by means of pipe from the superheater, and passes by spiral coils into

with metal bearings and bow Springs is provided to fit in • guide rod and pin to a horizontal lever, which in turn is and through the grease or matter to be distilled, discharg

one another, to be used with negatives of different sizes. connected to a knife working in half grooves horizontally ing itself through the bottom coil or coils, which are per- Putent abandoned. over the die. The knife cuts off or separates the clay in forated for the purpose of allowing it to be blown in

1787 W. CHESNEY. Improvements in the manufacture of the mould from that which is in the space between the amongst the contents of the still, and thus to facilitate the rollers and tbe mould, The mould is formed of fixed and process of distillation. Patent completed.

water and steam cocks or stop valves, applicable also fo movable pieces, the latter being the sides and top, or knife.

other like purposes. Dated July 6, 1866. 1779 A. V. NEWTON. Improvements in seving machi

The object of this invention is to construct a darable The horizontal lever above named, which is connected to nery. (A communication.) Dated July 5, 1866.

and efficient valre cock or stop valve made for stopping or the knife, carries also a pin which works in the slotted This invention is not described apart from the drawings. regulating the flow of water, steam, gas, or other fluids shorter arm of a lever keyed to a cross shaft between the Patent completed.

and liquids. For water work purposes the patentee proframes. The longer arm of this lever is connected by means 1780 W. E. GEDGE. Manufacturing, by the aid of a poses to bring the pressure to the back of the valve ; this of : rod to a bell-oranked lever at the delivering or back special arrangement of cylinders or rollers,

a novel sort will prevent waste should

the screw become worn, and by part of the machine. The upper arm of this latter lever bar or rod iron suitable for making horseshoe nails. (A this means the pressure will keep the valve closed, and by raises or depresses a door which forms one of the sides of communication.), Dated July 5, 1866. the mould. Patont completed.

bringing the pressure to the back of the valve the wear will

This inveution is not described apart from the drawings. be very much reduced, as less strain will be required to 1771 R. A. Young. Improvements in the busks of stays Patent completed.

close the valve. Concussion will also be prevented. The and corsets. Datod July 4, 1866.

1781 R. Fowler.' Improvements in locomotive engines cock is so constructed that its body or chamber has nothing This invention consists in galvanising or tinning the and tenders. (A communication.) Dated July 5, 1866.

to do with the fit of the valve, the said body or chamber, surfaces of the busks. Patent abandoned.

This invention cannot be described without reference to being a receptacle for the working parts. The working 1.772 W. M'Allum. Improvements in the manufacture the drawings. The patentee claims, first, the combination parts are firied together separate from the said body or of machine wires. Dated July 4, 1866.

of two bogie frames with a main frame carrying at one end chamber, and are placed in the said body or chamber , The patentee claims the production of "machine wires" the boiler, and at the other end the tender, as is described ; and secured by means of joints, or washers and in which the warps or longitudinal wires are composed of second, the interposing spring or buffer bearings between screws, or screws and nuts. By this arrangement no dewire in an annealed state, thereby adding to the durability the bogie frames and main frames; third, the supply steam

rangement is caused between the valve and face by fixing it of the machine wires, Patent completed.

to the steam cylinders carried by the bogie frame of a loco. in its place, as the valve and seat are both in the part in1773 A. MYERNS. Improvements in the construction and

motive engine through a hollow socket joint, which forms serted, Suitable means are also provided to keep the the pivot around which the bogie frame performs its lock

vaive from turning whilst being opened or shut. arrangement of the fastenings of leggings, gaiters, anti

by this gropelas, and such like articles of dress.

ing motion, as described; fourth, the inclining downwards, arrangement the valve and seat or washer always come to. 1866.

Dated Jaly 4, as described, the root of the firebox and the tubes of th: gether in the same manner, so that no undue wear is caused boiler of a locomotive engine, to keep the same well covered

to the said valve or face. This is very important, espeTo each edge of the article the inventor affixes a flat strip with water when the

engine is ascending

and descending in- cially where the valve faces against leather, india-rabber, of metal of nearly the entire length of the article ; in one clines ; ffcb, in forming the tabular flues of tabalar steam gutta-percha, or any other like substance. Putent comof the aforesaid ships of metal, and equidistant from each other, he forms two elougated

boilers of varying diameters, in order to equalise the draught pleted. and one roand hole, which are concealed by the materia through the tubes, as described. Patent completed. 1788 E. H. Aydox and E. Field. Improvements in at the outside of the article, but are exposed at the inside

1782 H. G. FAIRBURN. An improved process for forming drawing or exhausting and forcing fluids, and in instruthereof, and to the other strip of metal he fixes three studs

and combining small coal or coal dust into iu nps, blocks, or ments or apparatus appliouble to such purposes. Dated projecting outwards; the two lower studs are formed with otherwise, to be employed for the purposes of fuel. Dated July 6, 1866. Decks, and the appermost stud is a pin with a notch formed July 5, 1866.

This invention has for its object improvements in draw therein. These studs are intended to take and lock into

This invention consists in subjecting the small. coal or ing or exhausting and forcing fluids,fand in instruments or the holes in the other aforesaid strip of metal, and operate

coal dust to the action of surcharged or saperheated steam. apparatus applicable to such purposes, and consists, firstly, as follows :- In adjusting the legging the two lower studs Patent completed.

in causing the forward motion of a ship or vessel through are inserted in the correspoading holes, and these studs

the water to induce a current whereby bilge or ot ber water

1783 A. V, NEWTON. Improved steering apparatus. (A may be drawn from the interior of such ship or vessel and pulled up; the top stud or pin is then pushed into its communication.) Dated July 5, 1866. respective hole, and becomes locked therein by a spring

ejected. Secondly, in drawing or ejecting bilge or other plate placed in the said bole. Patent abandoned.

The object of this invention is to facilitate the manoeuvring water from ships or vessels by means of a current or cur

or turning of ships and other sailing vessels by applying to 1774 J. Olege and J. SMITH. Improvements in the manu

rents of steam (either dry or saturated) acting so as to them a steering apparatus which is enclosed within a tube create a partial vacuum, and induce a current or currents facture of ribbed pile fabrics. Dated July 4, 1866. of suitable dimensions passing through the hull of the in a pipe or passage, or pipes or passages communicating In manufacturing ribbed piled

fabrics it is very desirable vessel either at the forward or rear part thereof, so as to be with such bilge or other water. Thirdly, in making use of to obtain a well-covered surface, and to prevent the founda. out of the way of injury from external causes, and so as to the mixed water and steam required to be blown off from tion or back of the cloth being exposed between the cords act and react upon the water in a direction which is trans. the boilers of steam vessels for the purpose of causing or when the pile is cut and fabric is finished. Now in order to versely or obliquely to the length of the vessel, thereby ad inducing currents, whereby bilge and other water may be produce a fabric possessing these properties, the patentees mitting of a vessel being quickly turned in either direction, drawn and ejected from such ships or vessels. Fourthly, weare in an ordinary loom a fabric, the back or foundation whether under headway or lying at rest. The tube, whether in the employment of steam-induced currents instead of air of which is ribbed in the manner known to the trade as the made straight or curved, is Gtted with a screw, the blaules of pumps, as previously used, for the purpose of drawing from royal rib, and the face is produced by floating the weft which are made to play freely in it. The screw is applied or exhausting vacuum pans and the condensers of steam threads over five or any other convenient number of warp to a transverse shaft, which is driven by bevel wheels of engines of their contents. Fifthly, in the ventilation of tbreads, according to ihe size of the cord required to be other gearing set in motion by a large bevel wheel keyed to ships or vessels by the use of steam-induced curproduced. This improved fabric, when woven, is cat in the the lower end of a vertical shaft. This shaft passes up

rents communicatiog with suitable pipes or passages, same manner as the fabrics known as cords or fustians, and through the decks, and on each deck a capstan is applied to whereby fresh air is drawn into and fout or deteriorated thea dryed and finished as usual. It has heretofore been it, by which ineans the shaft can be turned by manual power air expelled from the same. Sixthly, in the ventilation of customary in weaving fustians and other pile fabrics to from either deck. Patent abandoned.

railway and other tunnels and of sewers by means of make a twilled back or foundation, but by making the 1784 J. D. BRUNTOX. Improvements in machinery or steam-induced currents. Seventhly, in forcing the exfoundation in the manner known as the royal rib, the face apparatus for sinking shafts or pits, and driving luanels and baust

steam engines and

other of the fabric when cut and finished becomes undulating gulleries. Dated July 5, 1866.

steann, by means of steam-induced currents, through superinstead of perfectly straight, which undulating surface is considered a great benefit, as it improves the finish, and tion of machinery or apparatus for sinking shafts and pits, vessels. Eighthly, in the use of steam-induced currents for

This invention consists in the construction and applica heaters for the purpose of thereby generating steam in other consequently the market value of the fabric. Patent com- and for driving or excavating tunnels, galleries, or adits, the purpose of drawing or inducing a regular flow of water pleted,

wherein one or more cutting discs are caused to revolve on amidst or amongst and past the outer surfaces of the pipes 1775 T. SAGAR and T. RICHMOND. Improvements in their own axis or axes, such axis or axes revolving round a or passages of surface condensers. Ninthly, in the use of looms for weaving. Dated July 4, 1866.

centre, which also revolves round another fixed centre, like steam inducei currents for the purposes of drawing This invention consists in arranging a letting-off motion Patent completed.

and foreing water in what are kaown as steam fire engines for looms acting on the principle of the escapement morement of a clock. Pateni completed.

1785 A. V. NEWTON. Improvements in the construction for the extinction of fires without the employment of pumps of connecting links or hooks. (A communication) Dated

for such purpose.

Patent completed. 1176 J. BROTHEBTON. Improvements in machinery for July 5, 1866.

1789 J. A. SALMON. Certain improvements in furnaces. making the Attinge for gas, steam, and water pipes. Dated The patentee claims, first, constructing sectional links Dated July 6, 1866. July 4, 1868.

and hooks with abutting or interlocking parts for affording This invention is designed for the purpose of effecting





In some


the more perfect combustion of gases evolved from the fuel by the tapes only, or with the addition of the steel strips in to end, or nearly so, on one side, whilst the projecting webs in furnaces, and the improvements consist in extending the tbat part. Patent completed.

or ribs of the cross on the other side are parallel. In space of the furnace beyond the firebars, such extension

1797 J. Murrar. Improvements in the preparation and making these pillars or posts he prefers to roll sheets of forming the upper surface of a hollow receiver for fuel, application

of surfaces for disposing and picking up coin. plates of iron of a width suitable for two or more pillars or which is fed into the same through the ashpit and beneath Dated July 7, 1866.

posts, such plates having parallel ribs on other side, and the ordinary firebars, the bridge of the furnace being

This invention consists in straining a thickness of cloth, then he cuts or divides the sheets or places in ioclined di. placed at a short distance from the point where the

say Brussels carpet, or other suitable fabrics, over a soft rections, in order to produce the desired taper of the proextended furnace terminates. The extended portion of the padding or stuflag, in order to facilitate the picking up of jecting ribs on each pillar or post. In some cases he furnace, becoming excessively heated by the fuel it contains, coin, the same being anplicable for the counters of shops, forms a post or pillar of two plates rolled thin in the middle effects a thorough combustion of the gases evolved from ube and other similar places. Patent completed.

and of progressively greater thickness or section from the fuel on the ordinary firebars as such gases are passing over

centre outwards; these plates in their centres are rolled the same into the flue. A second part of the improvements

1798 W. OLARK. Improvements in sewing machines.

with projecting ribs and hollow grooves in such a manner (4 communication.) Dated July 7, 1866. consists in applying furnaces to boilers where there is no

that the rib of one may enter the groove of the other. The internal space for the same. The patentee constructs out

This invention consists in the arrangement of a disc with plates, it rolled flat, are bent in the centre, whers side the boiler a semicircular jacket, the space formed bea magy-cornered groove formed by a screw of wings turned they come together,

80 that

when together they out alternately in opposite direcions, in combination with

form a cross in their horizontal section, tween the inside of the jacket and the outer surface of the boiler being employed for the purpose of containing fuel, a clamping screw, spring, and flannel belt, or other soft

cases he forms tubular posts or pillars with external which is fed into the same through apertures formed there substance, on each side of the diso, and with the

thread ribs, of rolling iron for such purposes.

He makes each post in on each side of the boiler ; the fuel as it is fed into the running from the spool to the needle,

in such a manner

or pillar of two or more vertical sections, which come together furnace through these apertures falls on to ridges or steps, that, by the many.cornered groove, the thread is prevented by meacs of Aanges or projections or webs in such manner which have tbe effect of gradually allowing such fuel as it

from slipping on the disc, and the tension of the needle that the webs or projections of one section project or radiate is reduced to ashes to fall and accumulate upon a grid at thread can be regulated with the greatest facility and accu

a greater distance from the centre of a post or pillar than the bottom, wheoce it is withdrawn through a door pro- ing to the various holes, eyes, or loops throagh which the rivets or otherwise combines the sections to each other.

racy. It consists, also, in an arrangement of slots extend- the web or projecting flange of the other section, and be vided for the purpose. Patent completed, thread passes on its way from the spool to the eye of the

Patent completed. 1790 O. HEPTONSTALL. Improvements in loums for weav- needle, in such a manner that the thread can be introduced

18C4 A. V. NEWTON, ing stays and similar uneven fabrics. Dated July 6,1836.

An improvement applicable to into the said holes, eyes, or loops laterally, instead of end

bobbins used in preparing and spinning machinery. (A com. This invention is not described apart from the drawings ways, and the operation of threading the machine is mate

munication.) Patent completed. rially facilitated. It consists, further, in the arrangement

Dated July 9, 1866.

This invention has for its object to keep the bobbids sta 1791 J. MONNIER, C. D'HONDT, and J. MEURANT. Im. of a segmental slot in the bottom end of the needle bar, the provements in looms for weaving. Dated July 6, 1866. said slot being made to extend nearly through to the socket tionary and firm upon their spindles, and consists in the use

of spring prongs projecting from a metallic tube which is This invention is not described apart from the drawings.

intended to receive the needle, in such a manner that the Patent abandoned.

thread by being introduced into the said slot can be made inserted in the hobbin head or base of the bobbin with the 1792 T. LISIMAN.

to extend close down on the side of the needle from the prongs or free ends of the springs inclined inward and to

Improvements in steam
needle bar to the eye of the said needle, and the lateral

ward each other, which tube is held in the bobbio head by Dated July 6, 1866. strain exerted on the needle in sewing machines of the ordi

friction only. Patent completed, This invention consists in the general arrangement or nary construction is avoided. It consists, further, in

1805 A. V. NEWTON. An improved compound for coating construction of boilers, as described, by which great making the head which carries the needle bar adjustable, ships' bottoms., (A communication) Dated Jaly 9, 1866. strength is obtained, and the numerous stays required in such a manner that the needle can be always brought This composition is made of asphaltum, naphtha, heavy in other boilers rendered unnecessary. Also in the employ- vertically in the proper position toward the shuttle,

and oil from gäs tar or coal tar, sulphate of copper, White ment, as described, of large tubes leading from one firebox

the position of the needle bar can be adjusted according to arsenic, and oreosote, mixed together in about the followto the other; or, in the case of boilers for locomotive and

the varying thicknesses of the needles of different size. It ing proportions :--Asphaltum 71b., Daphtba fib., heavy other engines where there is only one firebox, of large consists, also, in the arrangement of a spool holder with a

oil fib., sulphate of copper llb., white arsenic flb., creosote tubes leading from the firebox to the receiver or smoke-box. flex ble elastic back and flaring end pieces, in combination

The asphal m is melted by heat, and to it is added Also in the construction and employment, as described, of wells for receiving the accumulations. The

general prinzia with a cavity
in the shuttle, the ends of which are undercut enough naphtha to give to the mixture, when cool, the con-

After this mixture has cooled, a preple upon which the inventor constructs his boilers is that faring end pieces of the spool holder, in such a manner paration of the remaining ingredieuts is added. Patent he forms as many

of the parts as may be circular or cylin that, by means of the elastic back, the spool can be sprung drical, with the view of obtaining great strength and dis

into or removed from the spool holder with ease and 1806 J. MILLWARD. A convertible piano and music stool. pensing with stays. Patent abandoned.

facility; and, furthermore, the spool holder, when inserted (A communication.) Dated July 10, 1866. 1793 O. HARVEY. Improvements in breechloading fire- into its cavity in the shuttle, is retained by the flaring end One feature of this invention consists in utilising the arms. Dated July 7, 1866.

pieces catching under the overhanging ends of the said space beneath the piano un ccupied by the works, by fitting One of these improvements has reference to a mode cavity, and the operation of introducing and removing the or arranging therein a couch or bureau, or other suitable of actuating the pin which strikes and explodes the cart-spool holder from the shuttle is rendered easy. It consists, article of furniture. Patent abandoned. ridge by means of the hammer without the pin or the also, of a tension spring with a slotted ese, the said spring

1807 G. Davies. An improved necktie or scarf retainer. striker being hinged to the hammer. The improvements being arranged so that the thread in passing from the eye (A communication) Dated July 10, 1866. consist in so arranging the striker and the hammer that the

This invention relates to a device for retaining or connectto a certain pressure caused by the spring pressing

against ing a necktie or scarf to a collar. The invention (when drawn back into fall cock, instead of only being moved by the upper surface of the shuttle, and, by increasing of dea applied to a " Byron" or turndown collar), consista prin.

ter the hammer till the latter is drawn to half-cock, as hereto- creasing

the said spring, the tension of the cipally of a metal plate curved to fit the throat; this plate fore, by which improved arrangement the hammer does not

shuttle thread can be regulated; and, furthermore, by pro- bas two light curved arms which lie beween the folds of the leave the striker, but acts upon it the moment it com

viding the tension spring with a slotted eye, the introduc-collar and bear against the same; a wireloop is attached to the mences its forward moticn, and, consequently, when it has

tion of the thread in said ege is facilitated. It consists, lower edge of the plate by two spiral springs. A short scart its greatest power. Another part of the invention consists finally, in a compound gripping and advancing mechanism

or tie is passed round the central portion of the plate, and of an improved arrangement for removing the cartridge for operating the feed wheel, the said mechanism consisting tied in front in the form of a bow, the curved arms are now casos from breech-loading firearms with hinged barrels.

of a slotted dog which catches over the rim of the feed passed under the fold of the collar, and the spring loop For this purpose the patentee fizes upon the axle-pin upon

wheel, and is subjected to the action of a spring and toggle (which is at the back of the plate) is passed over the ordiwhich the barrels move a cam or eccentric socket, which is lever which extends from the hub of the feed lever in com

pary button or stud which fastens the collar, and the tie or 80 formed as to bear upon a small

lever hinged either to the bioation with the said feed lever, in such a manner that, scart is thus retained in its place, the curved arms preventstock or to the barrel, the end of which lever is caused by by moving the feed lever in one direction, the dog is caused ing it from rising, and the spring loop preventing its fallthe cam or eccentric to press against the end of the extractors, and thus to make it protrude from the rear end of the parted to the feed wheel, and by moving the

feed lever in ing out of place. Patent completed. the opposite direction the feed wheel is released and per- ing steam engine valves. (A communication.) Dated July

1808 S. CLARK, Improvements in arranging and work. barrel as these fall forwards. Patent completed.

mitted to remain stationary. Patent completed. 1794 R. KUNSTMANN. Improvements in burning and

10, 1866. drying bricks, pottery, earthenware, clay, lime, and coment, construction of shuttle tongues. Dated July 9, 1866.

1799 T. IVERS and J. HADDOCK. Improvements in the This invention is not described apart from the drawing.

Patent abandoned.
and in the apparatus employed therein. Dated July 7, 1866.
We cannot here give space to the details of this inven.

In shuttle tongues of the usual construction a consider-
able amount of weft is wasted, owing to the spring not Dated July 10, 1866,

1809 J. S. CUTHBERT. Improvements in painters' casels. tion. Patent abandoned.

holding the cop uniformly on the shuttle tongue or skewer. 1795 P. AIMARD. Improvements in the manufacture of Now this invention consists in so connecting the spring to painters' easels at or towards the upper part of such frames,

The patentee claims mounting the oscillating frame of envelopes by the combination of memorandum, counterfoil, the tongue or skewer tbat a uniform pressure is obtained and seal lap in one piece. Dated July 7, 1866.

as described. Patent completed. throughout the entire length of the cop. In performlng This invention is not described apart from the drawiogs. the invention, instead of fitting the end of the spring into

1810 W. J. Curtis. Improvements in the construction Patent abandoned. a horizontal hole in the head or tumbler of the tongue, of breechloading or repeating firearms. Dated July 10,

1866. 1796 A. CLARK. Improvements in blinds and shutters for which bole is in a line with the skewer, the patentees fit it screening and closing windors and other openings. Dated into a diagonal hole in the top of the head or tumbler, so

One of the principal objects of this invention is so to cobJuly 7, 1866. that when the cop is on the action of the spring is distri

struct the arm that it may be supported on the shoulder, This invention relates, first, to the construction of re- buted evenly on the inside of the cop, instead of in the

from which is need not be removed until all the cartridges volving or self-coiling shutters and blinds, so that a shutter centre only, as heretofore. Another mode of construction contained in the magazine have been discharged. Thegun and blind are combined in one. The patentee makes these consists in the application of an additional spring acting on

or arm is provided with a crutch or saddle, which is so arof a series uf laths, somewhat like the ordinary revolving the end of the present spring, by which the cop is held on ranged on the under side of the barrel that the arm, when shutters, but preferably of more than usual thickness, and the tongue. The invention is particularly beneficial when placed on the shoulder, will be balanced thereon. By this he makes tbe upper and lower edges, by preference, of applied to cops that are wound on tubes, but it may be used means great steadiness of aim may be ensured, and the

muscles of the soldier's arm will

not be fatigued by being a considerable inclination. He unites and threads these when such tubes are not employed. Putent completed. laths together by strips of steel running through them

obliged to hold up the gun in a horizontal position by

1800 P. J. BALLOT, Sen. An improved looking-glass means of his left arm, as is now the case. in one part of the sbutter blind. These steel strips or

In carrying out press, including an incombustible strong box. Dated July the invention the breech end of the barrel is left open, so tapers hold the several laths in close proximity, as usual, 9, 1866. whereas, in the other part, say one-half, more or less, in- This invention consists in the adoption of an incombus- after explained.

that the cartridges may be introduced in the mapper berestead of employing continuous strips of steel, he connects a tible iron strong box fixed to the framework of the press,

The cartridges are contain d in a maganumber of short pieces by slots and pins or rivets, which

zine consisting of a cylindrical revolving case (or a fized and preferably at its lower part, in order that it may be removed pieces slide upon each other to a certain extent, allowing without the necessity of taking the press to pieces part of the invention) placed in rear of the breech and

tube may be employed, as shown with respect to another the laths fired thereto to separate from each other. Instead

or breaking it. This strong box is furnished at its lower arranged round the centre of the barrel. In this case * of tbese pieces of the connecting strips sliding on each part with two ears or projections, which rest on a wooden other transversely to the lath, they may be jointed to each framing joined to the framework of the press, and two cross

passage or channel of either an annular or a convolute form

is made. otber, and fold or hinge so as to permit the necessary pieces dovetailed to the said framework secure the box and municates with a central hole or chamber, which is in a

This channel or passage terminates in or comexpansion and collapse of the parts. This shutter-blind prevent its being raised. Thus held between the wooden live with the bore of the gun, so that, when a cartridge is having a tendency to keep rolled up, it is obvious that when framing, and the two cross-pieces the box completely, ad- brought into this hole or chamber, it will only be necessary pulled down (it fixed at the top of the window), the lower heres to and forms part of the press, Patent abandoned. half will extend by the separation of the laths, and when

to push it forward (by means of a piston) into the breech of

1801 W. Moseley. An improved apparatus for slicing the gun. this piston is contained in a cube which is a prop so extended will have somewhat the effect and appearance

and paring cucumbers and other vegetables and fruits. longation to the rear of the barrel. of a Venetian blind, and may be so used to shade from the

Dated July 9, 1866. sun, at the same time admitting light, air, and vision.

by means of a lever or crank arm in front connected to the

This invention relates chiefly to the use, in connection piston by means of a side rod or rods. As the arm may, When used as a shutter, the upper half is pulled down, the

with an ordinary table knife, of a bar of wood, ivory or without inconvenience, be increased in length, a bayonet laths being all closely connected and following the line of metal, which is attached to the blade of the

said' knife

, so may be fixed on the end in advance of the position it is now the blind part, thelaths of which are pressed close together, and when entirely down the whole forms a perfect and close late the thickness of the slices or parings of the vegetables stead of closing the breech and drawing back the plunger shutter. The laths may be of wood alone, or wood encased

or fruits. Patont completed. in iron, when great strength is required. Instead of con

ready to admit a fresh cartridge hy hand by means of a necting the individual laths with the steel connecting 1802 J. ELDER. Improvements in marine steam engines. lever, the patentee causes the explosive furce of the gas with strips, and making said strips in pieces to slide or hinge on Dated July 9, 1866.

the addition of coiled springs suitable arranged to effect each other, as before described, the steel strips may be con This invention is not described apart from the drawings. this object. Patent completed. tiouous and fixed only to the bottom bar and to the roller Patent completed.

1811 J. HOWARD and E. T. BOUSFIELD. above, the laths being simply threaded thereon. In order 1003 W. BAINES. Improvements in the manufacture of in the construction of steam boilers. Dated July 10, 1866. to regulate the distance between the laths of the shutters, telegraph und signal pillurs or posts, and in rolling iron This invention is not described apart from the drawings. the patentee further connects them all by strong tapes (one or other uses. Dated July 9, 1866.

Patent completed. at either end of the laths), which tapes regulate the dis- For the purposes of this invention, when a pillar or post 1812 E. M'Nally. Improvements in machinery or appa tances of separation of the laths of the blind portion, while is to consist of one piece of rolled iron, the patentee makes ratus for grinding und polishing circular saws and other those of the shutter part are held close together, it may be it of a cross-like horizontal section, but tapering from end I articles. Dated July 11, 1806.

The piston is worked


The patentee claims, first, the ouvel construction of yield- 1819 W. HOBBS. Improvements in ordnance whereby breech piece near its external junction with the barrel; or, ing hearings applied to the grindstone or polishing wheel they are rendered more portable and in carriages for trans in other words, in a line with the point at which the nipplo shafts. Secondly, the application and use of any arrange- porting the same. Dated July 11, 1866.

is usually placed. Hinged in this groove, and embedded in ment or description of lever for maintaining a constant and The patentee claims, first, combining the parts of a gun it, is a stop lever, which need not be more than threeuniform pressure and contact between grindstone and in such a manner that the several sections or parts by which eighths of an inch in thickness is a military rifle or carbine. articles to be ground. Thirdly, the novel construction of the inner tube or bore piece is strengthened can be removed This stop lover is pierced by a hole or slot suitably placed the self-adjasting and compensating bed enclosed in the at the breech or rear, as well as at the muzzle of the gun, for a striker to pass through, or it may be arranged to frame for bolding file blanks or other articles, to obtain a without interfering with the trunnion section, as and for the carry a nipple. The stop lever may be held down by any yielding surface and also the general construction, purposes described ; second, the arrangement of carriage suitable caion. The stock has a suitable groove cut at the arrangement, and combination of the mechanism for for carrying the sections represented in the drawings. Pa- back part, and parallel to the lock for the reception of the grinding and polishing file blanks and other articles. tent coinpleted.

tail piece which guides the cartridge into the bore of the Lastly, the general construction, combination, and arrange

1820 O. E. AUSTIN, Improvements in apparatus applic-barrel. The empty cartridge case is thrown out by an ex. saws, as described and set forth, andillastrated in the draw- parts of sewage. ment of machinery to be employed for grinding circular able to sewers and drains for separating the Ruid and solid tractor. The lock may be constructed on any approved

Dated July 11, 1866,

pattern. Unlese a nipple is used, the cock or hammer has ings. Patent completed. 1813 G, W. HAWKSLEY, M. Wild, and J. ASTBURY, Patent completed. This invention is not described apart from the drawings. a suitably shaped striker sorewed into it, which passes

through the slot in the stop lever. Patent comploted. A nerd and improved arrangement of furnace to be applied to steam boilers, which is also applicable for other purposes. leather for boot fronts. (A communication.) Dated July communication... Piated by 2.28 68 1821 A. V. NEWTON. Improved machinery for crimping

1829 W. READE. Improvements in steam pumps. (A

Provisional protection has not been allowed for this intenThe nature and chief feature of this invention is the 11, 1866. peculiar adaptation and combination of furnaces with This invention is not described apart from the drawings.

tion. boilers, so that the heat froin such furnace may, be Patent completed.

1830 J. WARD and J. SMALES. Improvements in machisimultaneously available for boiling or heating metals (or 1822 R. W. FRASER. New or improved modes of obtain- nery or apparatus for facilituting the adjustment and testfor boiling or heating other materials) and for generating ing and transmitting motive power, and in the machinery oring the working parts of locomotive engines. Dated July steam in the boiler containing the furnace, for which pur- apparatus employed therefor: Dated July 11, 1866. 12, 1866. poses the furnace and boiler are peculiarly constructed, The essential feature of this invention consists in the em

This invention consists in improved machinery or apSecondly, the invention consists in an arrangement of ployment of a screw, in the same sense as the screw pro paratus for turning the driving wheels of locomotive entubes placed under the bottom or side plates (or both) of peller is termed a screw, caused to revolve within a close gines, and giving motion to the working parts without the puddling chamber of the furnace, through which water vertical or horizontal cylinder along with the shaft on steam, and without any travelling movement of the engine circulaces, such arrangement being employed and designed which it is keyed or otherwise fixed. The journals of the horizontally, for the purpose of enabling the fitter or to regulate the temperature of the said plates, the water shaft work through fluid-tight bearings or stuffing boxes erector to set or adjust the valves without the use of pinch being supplied to the pipes from any cold water tank, and formed in the two ends or covers of the cylinder. A stream

bars or screw jacks, and also for testing the condition of caused to pass through the tubes by pressure in any of steam or other flaid is admitted through a valve or cock the working parts. In the workshop or engine-shed the ordinary manner. Patent completed.

controlling an inlet pipe or pipes opening into one end of patentees form, in any convenient position under a railway 1814 W. WALKER. Improvements in and apparatus for the cylinder, and by its impact or force upon the screw or line, two rectangular pits, one under each line of rails, into

which pits they place two frames, each having fitced into it dressing or preparing for spinning hemp, flax, jute, manilla angled blades causes the screw and shaft to revolve as it

at the top a short rail in line with the main rails, and level hemp, and other fibrous materials, and for the conversion passes to the other end of the cylinder, which is fitted with of ropes and other cordage and textile fabrics into oakum, a pipe or pipes for the escape or egress of the impelling with them. In each frame there are vertical guides, in tou, and paper stuf, dressing and cleaning

which is fitted a pedestal resting at the bottom on the bead waste"

fluid. Patent abandoned,

tow, wool, hair, and other liko waste fibres. Dated July 11,

1823 J. N. Fournel. Improvements in the manufacture shaft to which is fixed a disc wheel, and also a spar or

of a screw enclosed in a nut, and carrying at the top 1866. of iron and cast iron, and in the apparatus employed there

worm wheel gearing into a pinion or worm, to which reThe patentee claims, first, advancing and receding the for. Dated July 11, 1866. gill bars at a right angle to the axle of the driving shaft, This invention is carried out as follows :-The fuel in a volving motion is given hy hand or motive power, and

when the nuts are turned the screws are raised or lowered, and causing gill pins, or heckle teeth, or knife blades to crude state that is to say not carbonised) is fed into a

and with them the pedestals and wheels. The outsides of work through the openings of the perforated plate, and separate furnace, which may be of the form of a small blast throwing out the teeth by centrifugal force, and controlling furnace.

the fitted short rails at the top of the frames are slightly

The mouth or opening for feeding is closed the action of the combing teeth or cutting blades mounted during the intervals of charging.

recessed to enable the disc wheels to be under the driving The furnace receives

wheels of the engine, and when the tops of the disc wbeels on the reciprocating bars by means of the circular or otber near the lower part & current of air by one or several svitably shaped stationary races or guides, substantially in tuyeres, and the gas formed is collected towards the upper and fro bodily; but when the ordinary wheels are over the

are below the level of the rails, the engine can be moved to the manner and for the purposes described and set forth. part in a pipe, and conducted to the tayere or tuyeres of disc wheels, and the tops of the disc wheels raised by means Secondly, combining the beaters and reciprocating gills as the ore furnace, which is also of the form of a small blast arranged on the two parallel driving shafts, substantially furnace. Just before it reaches the tujere, the gas pipe the apparatus will then be ready for work, and if the pinion in the manner and for the purposes described and set forth. can be flattened and widened at the extremity, and the pipe or worm be turned hy hand or power, the diso wheels will Thirdly, receiving the fibre as it is discharged from the for the compressed air by which the combustion is effected

revolve and turn the driving wheels and give motion to all machine on a large sieve, riddle, or netting, or other open is passed into the interior of the gas pipe, and is subdivided work platform, or in a cylindrical or conical shaped revolv- at the extremity into a number of small jets, so as to cause

the working parts disconnected, and in all cases one pair ing sieve, or on an endless resolving band of network, sub- the combustion of the gas in a manner somewhat similar engine from moving bodily. Patent completed.

of wheels are scotched on the main rails to prevent the Santially in the manner and for the purposes described and to the laboratory blow pipe Several other arrangements set forth. Fourthly, dividing the feed table into channels may be employed, according to the nature of the fuel and

1831 W. READE. Improved means of and apparatus for or grooves for preventing the yarns being entangled with the gas produced. By the herein before scated means, the supplying water to the of locomotive engines and each other as they are drawn through the feed rollors, as oxide of carbon of the gas burn-d, and the carbon of the car. tenders. (A communication.) Dated July 12, 1866. described and set forth. Fifthly, the use of a plate or slab, bonated hydrogen, are converted by combustion into carbonio Provisional protection has not been allowed for this corragated on the under side, in combination with an acid, which, in rising in the furnace, and by its contact invention. endless feed apron for preventing the yarns when being with the small proportion of fuel which has been added to 1832 W. CLARK. Improvements in grease oups. (A comdrawo over the table on the feed apron being entangled, the charge of ore in the manner before described, again munication.) Dated July 12, 1866. as descobed and set forth. Sixtbly, the application and produces oxide of carbon or gas, which effects the deoxida- This invention relates to an oil or grease cup which is use of the reciprocating nipper or fibre holder constructed, tion of the ore by absorbing oxygen and being again provided with two cone valves, the stems of which are conmounted, and operated substantially in the manner and for converted into carbonic acid. The hydrogen contained in nected so that they are compelled to iurn together, but free the purposes described and set forth. And, lastly, the the gas fed to the tuyere is converted by the combustion to more a short distance towards or from each other. These general system or peculiar arrangement, combination, into water steam. Thus by employing gas charged with valves close into corresponding seats, and from their periand construction of the various parts of the apparatus, a certain proportion of hydrogen, the patentee can use, a pheries project studs which work against circular inclined the same being operated substantially in the manner and little above the air and gas tuyere, another tuyere, by which or spiral planes surrounding the seats, and arranged so that for the purposes described and set forth. Patent completed. air would be left in the furnace, so as to effect by the the highest part of one of these spiral planes is in a lipo 1815 I GREGORY. Improvements in the means of com

elevation of the temperature the decomposition of the water with the lowest part of the other, in such a manner that when mesnication by signals between passengers, guards, and

steam by converting it into hydrogen and oxygen, thus the valves are subjected to the action of a suitable spring drivers of railway trains. Dated July 11, 1866.

producing a useful effect therefrom, Patent completód. which has a tendency to keep the same closed, by turning This intention is not described apart from the drawings 1824 W. NAYLOR. Improvements in steam engines. the valves one will open when the ther closes, and vice Patent completed. Dated July 11, 1866.

versa, and the globe of the grease cup is alternately brought 1816 G. HASELTINE, Improvements in screw bolts, and

The patentee claims the combinatioa of two separate and in connection with the supply cup, and then with the steama in the appurutus employed in manufacturing the same. (A distinct piston valves

working in separate valve chambers chest or other part to beglabricated. Putent completed.

of their own, such chambers being connected together, and 1833 D. GALLAPENT. Improvements in apparatus for The first part of this invention consists in the production connected with the main working cylinder by ports arranged transmitting motion to the rudders of ships and other vessels. of a bolt made from a round bar or rod, a portion of which and operating substantially in the manner and for the pur- Dated July 12, 1866. bolt is square or angular, and a portion left round, as in poses described. Patent completed.

From the rudder head the inventor either extends an the rod or bar. Another part of the invention consists in 1825 O. W. FARMER, W. E. PARTRIDGE, and B. J. P. arm having a groove in it in which a slide mores, or he fits making certain dies wherein the inventor can use round WEBB. Certain improvements in connectors for uniting such radial arm to inove through the head of the rudder to rods or blanks, and in which the angular portion of the wires, bands, ropes, or electric telegraph cables, or other which it is accurately ficted; this sliding radial arm, or bolt is made from a round blank, as will be hereafter er. Like ropes or cubles composed parily of wire and partly of the slide

moving in the groove thereof, he connects by a plained. To raise or force out the corners of the bolt to hemp or other desirable compound material. Dated Šaly pin or stud with the short end of a lover forming the tiller the fullness or dimensions desired, the compressing or il, 1866.

disposed immediately above the rudder beads, the fulcrum swaging dies must be of such form as to force a portion of This invention consists in connecting the ends of wires, of the said lever tiller being disposed so that the connecting the metal of the body of the rod from the ceatre to the hands, rɔpes, &c., either round or flat in transverse section, pin or stud comes very near the rud

head when the corners of the square. This may be effected by the dies by means of certain suitably coustructed and arranged rudder is in line with the keel ; consequently, the leverage having convex faces on each of their four compressing sur-clips and screws. Patent abandoned.

of the sliding radial arm is very slight at the time, while faces, or tbey may carry a rib, bead, or angular projection on their laces longitudinally, or ribs, beads, or angular card cloth.

1826 J. Moseley. Improvements in the manufacture of on the tiller being moved to port or starboard the radial Dated July 12, 1866.

arm is extended, and the leverage thereof increased, accordprojections on any or all their swaging surfaces, instead of being convex, as above described, for it is unimportant what with india-rubber, or any preparation of india-rubber, and

This invention consists in combining fibrous substances ing to the greater extent to which the tiller is moved to

port or starboard, and as is required to overcome the reis the form of the dies so tbat the desired result is thus

sistance of the rudder. prodaced. Patent completed. in uniting the same with woven or felted fabrics of the or

Patent abandoned. dinary description, to give the desired stiffness and strength 1834 M. J. ROBERTS. Improvements in cooling worts and 1817 W. THOMP90x. Improvements in apparatus for to the card cloth or material, in which the card teeth are other liquids, Dated July 12, 1866. filling and corking bottles. Dated July 11, 1866.

set by the usual machinery. By this means card cloth This invention relates to cooling worts in brewing and The patentee claims, first, the combination in corking possessing all the properties of good leather is produced at distilling, and to cooling liquids in other processes. The machines of a screw for driving the corks into the bottles a greatly reduced cost. Patent completed.

improvements consist, first, in acting upon the worts or with a second screw for holding the bottles securely in 1827 W. G. WALKER and R. F. SMITH. A certain in- other liquids to be cooled by means of a refrigerator of any position while

being corked, substantially as described ; proved method of producing illuminating gas. Dated July usual construction, through which cold : ater or other fluid secondly, the employment of a screw for holding the bottles 12, 1866.

passes in the ordinary manner, as the cooling agent ; and in position while being corked; third, constructing appa- This invention is carried out as follows:-The apparatus the inventor cools this cooling agent, after it has become ratus for filling i ottles, consisting of a number of recep- is that ordinarily employed at gas works for producing gas hieated in the refrigerator, by blowing air upon or into it, tacles or compartments of equal capacity 80 arranged as to from coal in the usual way, but in lieu of using coal as the or by any other convenient manner. He is thus enabled be capable of being filled simultaneously to the extent cor- origin from which the gas is evolved, a quantity of peat or to use the same cooling liquid over and over again, and responding with the capacity of the bottles to be filled other suitable porous material capable of itself of generat- thereby effect a saving in the quantity employed. The therefrom, substantially as described'; fourth, the com- ing gas on the application of heat is saturated with shale improvements consist, secondly, in cooling the worts or bined arrangement of thumbscrews, spirit level, and gra- oil or petroleum, or other mineral hydrocarbon ; the ma. other liquids (in some cases without tbe intervention of a duated glass gauge described, for determining exactly the terial so saturated 18 placed in the ordinary retort, and cooling iluid) by plunging a solid and cool material, such quantity of fluid to be contained in the several compart-heat is applied, when the oil and the naturally combined as glass, earthenware, or other substance which will not ments of the tilling apparatus; fifthly, the combined ar- hydrocarbons of the porous material are driven off in the injuriously affect the liquid, into the liquid to be cooled, rangement of apparatus for filling and corking bottles deser bed. Patent completed.

form of an incondensible illuminating gas. Potant com- and he again cools this solid body either by plunging it pleted.

into a cold liquid, or by passing cold air over it. The in1818 F. DEGRAVEL. An improved spring suspension for horses' nosebags. Pated July 11, 1866.

1828 K. H. CORNISø. Improvements in breechloading vention consists, lastly, in blowing cold air through firearms. Dated July 12, 1866.

refrigerators, instead of cold water, as the cooling agent. According to this invention two helical springs are em. ployed, one on each side of the nosebag, the said springs screwed to or forged on the barrel, of which it is a prolonAccording to this invention a solid breech piece is Pate it abandoned.

1835 W. E. NEWTON. Improvements in machinery for being contained in two tubes free to slide within certain gation, ending at the hindermost and lower portion in a making covered twist and cord. (A communication.) limits one within the other, a strap connected to the springs tail piece, which is screwed to the stock, and also serves to Dated July 12, 1866. being passed over the head of the animal to support the line the groove along which the cartridge

slides into the This invention -lates to machinery by which cotton or bag. Patent abandoned.

barrel. A transverse groove is made and sunk in the other yarn is twisted to form strands, and the strands are

covered with silk or worsted, and after having been 80 co- ratus for working" punkahs," the same being also applic

2424 G. Stuart. Breechloading guns. vered may be laid and twisted together to form cord. The able for watering "tatties."

2430 A. V. Newton. Weight. (A communication.) machine is composed, principally, of a central main spindle 36 E. K. Dutton, Smithy Door, Manchester, consulting 2434 J. M. Heppel. Fluid meters. and two surrounding sets of strand spindles, which engineer. Improvements in water delivery "nozzles" em- 2437 G. Thring. Stiles. revolve with the central spindle, and also rotate ployed in the extinction of fre. (A communication.) 2489 J. G. C. Fussell and w. Wise, jun. Soythes, upon their own axes. One set of strand spindles carry the 38 I. W. Lamb, Nelson-street, Leicester. Improvements 2441 T. Brace and W. Savory. Self-acting tooding apo bobbins for supplying the yarns from which the strands are in knitting machines.

paratus. to be made, and the other get carry the bobbins from which

2442 F. R. Mosley. Lamps. the covering yarn is supplied. One spindle of each set is

Dated January 7, 1867.

2446 W. Weichert. Chronometert. arranged in line with a spindle of the other set, so that the 44 W. E. Newton, Chancery-lane, civil engineer, Im. 2450 A, F. Stoddard. Fuel. strands as they are twisted may be supplied through the provements in facilitating the removal of the bark from oak 2452 J. Oalrert. Steel. spindles which carry the covering yarn bobbins. The rota- and other woods. (A communication.).

2453 R. Kunstmann. Drying solid substances. tion of the strand spindles about their own axes, and the 46 W. E. Newton, Ohancery-lane, civil engineer. Im- 2454 J. and A. Gamgee. Slaughtering animals. consequent revolution of the bobbins about these axes, are provements in augers (A communication.)

2463 J. Barkor. Printing fabrios. produced by the rerolution of the spindles with the main 48 O. F. Claus, Middlesborough-on-Tees, chemist. Im- 2474 T. B. Taylor. Pumps. spindle, the latter revolution causing pulleys or rollers on provements in the mode of raising brine in or from boreholes 2480 H. A. Bonneville. Facsimile copies of writings, the strand spindles to roll against the inner surfaces of of great depth,

(A communicacion.) stationary friction rings, and thereby produce the rotation

Dated January 8, 1867.

2481 H. A. Bonneville. Carding wool. (A communicaof the strand spindles. The diameters of the above men- 50 W. Martin, Birmingham, architect. Improvements in tion.) tioned rollers or pulleys belonging to the two sets of strand the stalls and boxes or seats of treadwheel aod crank sheds 2482 H. A. Bonneville. Weaving wool. (A communi. spindles, and their respective friction rings, are so propor- or houses, and other like sheds or houses.

dation.) tioned as to produce a sufficiently greater velocity of revolu. 52 E, C. Prentice, Stowmarket, Suffolk. Improvements in 2483 H. A. Bonneville. Raising water. (A communi. tion of the set of spindles carrying the covering yarn bob. waterproofing or encasing cartridges and other articles cation.) bins as compared with the velocity of revolution of the liable to icjury by damp.

2486 J. Y. Betts. Drying corn. other set of spindles carrying the yarn, of which the strands 54 J. H. Johnson, Lincoln's Inn-fields. Improvements 2497 H. E. Gilles. Fibres suitable for being spun from are made so as to ensure the covering yarns being properly in the manufacture and refining of sugar. (A communica- rags. wound around the strands. Patent completed. tion.)

2501 J. A. Chauforier. Self-feeding cotton gia. Dated January 9, 1867.

2504 F. W.0. Dromtra. Securing pocket books. (A 56 W. J. Murphy, Cork, Improvements in guns or communication.) cannon, and in projectiles to be used therewith; also applio- 2516 D. Imhof. Chimes. able to firearms generally and their projectiles.

2517 H. A. Bonneville. Fitting garments. (A commuPROVISIONAL PROTECTIONS.

60 H. Doulton, High-street, Lambeth. Improvements in nioation.) pottery kilas.

2568 W. G. Valentin and G. H. Benson, Stoel. Dated January 10, 1867.

2579 W. Olark. Fastenings for purses. (A communica Dated November 15, 1866.

66 A. Foucaut, M.D., Rue de Grammont, Paris. Im. tion.) 3001 E. Dawson, Mount Pleasant, Darlington, Durham. provements in waterproof and other articles of wearing 2589 W. Clark. Central-fire cartridges. (A communi. An improved method for cousumption ot smoke and saving apparel,

cation.) of fuel, without the least loss of steam power.

Dated January 11, 1867.

2593 G. T. Bousfield. Separating sulphur from soda Dated November 30, 1866.

68 J. Silvester, West Bromwich, Staffordshire, manu. waste. (A communication.) 3147 T. Petitjean, Brydges-street, chemist. A new means facturer. Improvements in weighing machines.

2612 G. H. Benson and W. G. Valentin. Casting steel.


70 E. M. Chaffee, Providence, U.S., manufacturer, for procuring the more perfeot combustion in the burning improvement in elliptic or other elastic springa.

2614 G, H. Benson and W.G. Valentin. Malleable iron.

2616 G. H. Benson and W. G. Valentin. Steel. of fuel, 3148 E. E. Quelle, Bermondsey, skio dyer. Improve-proved form or bench with back to fold so as to occupy only 72 S. P. Widnall, Granchester, Cambridgeshire. Anim- 2538 D. Evans. Papering needles.

2677 J. G. Tongue. Hammers. (A communication.) ments in muffs, (A communication) a few inches in thickness.

2704 G. Davies. Type-setting machine. (A communiDated December 6, 1866.

74 J. Darlang, Stane, Lanarkshire. Improvements in cation.) 3193 T. Bayley, Stockport, Cheshire, and J. Taylor, penholders, and in the means or apparatus for supplying 2796 P. Adie. Clipping horses. Denton, Lancashire. Certain improvements in the manuink to pens.

2824 W.E. Newton. Vacuum air enging. (A commufacture of hats or coverings for the head, and in apparatus

76 J. Howard, agricultural engineer, and E. T. Bousfield, nication.) connected therewith.

engineer, Bedford, Improvements in tubular steam 2930 H. A. Bonneville. Sorter. (A communication.) Dated December 14, 1866. boilers.

2980 H. A. Bonneville. Teaching book keeping. (4 3291 T. Berney, Bracon Hall, Norfolk, clerk. Improvements in the construction of seats or chairs suitable for 78 M. H. Simpson, Milk-street, Boston, U.S. Improve communication.)

3193 T, Bayley and J. Taylor. Hats. ments in apparatus for bending bars and plates of metal.

preserving life in case of shipwreck, and also for beiog used 3214 J. Williamson. Alkalies,
Dated December 18, 1866,
as bathing chairs.

3243 W. Richards. Firearms.
3323 J. W. Ousack, Lancaster Gate. Improved means 80 J. Tomlinson, Pooley's Park, City-road, Hulme, Man. 3272 P. Heyns. Steam boilers.
or method for facilitating artillery and rifle practice at long chester. Improvements in bakers' and other ovens, and 3311 H. Hall, Size.
distances or short ranges
also in scrap and other furnaces.

3386 H, A, Dufrene. Extract of madder. (A commun 3330 T. Titterivgton, York-street, Chorlton-upon-Med

cation.) lock, Manchester, Improvements in apparatus and material

Dated January 12, 1867.

3438 G. Shrewsbury. Heating apartment
for ornamental painting, graining, marbling, and such like 82 J. Webster, Birmingham, engineer, E. Deane, Arthur- 88 R. Mushet. Dast steel.

street East, City, and W. Rumble, Inspector of Machinery
Dated December 21, 1866.
Afloat, Sheerness. Metallio zinc paint.

The full titles of the patents in the above list can be 3367 M. Weber, Obeapside, surgical instrument maker. 84 J. H. Johnson, Lincoln's Inn-fields. Improvements in ascertained by referring back to their aumbers in the list o Improved apparatus for setting steel pens. railings or fences. (A communication.)

provisional protections previousiy published.
86 W. E. Gedge, Wellington-street, Strand. A novel
Dated December 22, 1866.

Opposition can be entered to the granting of a patent to machine and preparation for dressing and finishing cloth. any of the parties in the above list who have given notice 3383 J. R. Cooper, Birmingham, gan manufacturer. Im. (A communication.) provements in breechloading firearms.

of their intention to proceed, within twenty-one days from Dated January 14, 1867.

the date of the Gazette in which the notice appears, by Dated December 24, 1866.

88 R. Mushet, Cheltenham, metallurgist. An improve leaving at the Commissioners' office particulars in writing 3392 8. F. Schoonmaker, Euston-square, chemist. An ment in the manufacture of cast steel.

of the objeotion to the application. improved coating for paper and other materials

designed to improved compound material or substance to be used for

90 F. Brampton, Birmingham, manufacturer. A new or
receive lead pencil marks which may be repeatedly ex-
punged with moisture.

binding books, for panelling, and for other purposes where
Dated December 28, 1866.
strength and lightness are required.

PATENTS ON WHICH THE STAMP DUTY OF 250 3402 N. O. Franzen, Hamburg. A steering indicator or

HAS BEEN PAID. a machine or apparatus for indicating to the eye by day and night the position and movement of the rudders of


159 H. Brockhurst and J. 218 G. Darlington vessels.


221 J. Comibe and J. H. Dated December 29, 1866.

Sealed January 25, 1867.

168 J. H. Johnson

Smalpage 3416 S. Smith and J. W. Jackson, Keighley, Yorkshire,

182 J. Shaw

224 P. Ohristio 1947 J. P. Hubbard and C. 1986 S. Chatwood, and J, 187 T. 0. Clarkson Certain improvements in "governors" or regulators for

237 J. Rodgers Adams

and T. Sturgeon steam or other motive power engines.

192 F. North

261 J. Whitworth 1951 W. Seaton 3422 J. Slatter, St. Ives, Huntingdonshire, ironmonger.

2658 F. Meyer, W. Wain- 196 J. Platt and W. 265 H. Bessemer

1952 W. Stroudley An improved screen or sifter for screening cinders, corn, tea,

wright, jun., and T.


267 J. G. Jones 1955 0. D. Abel

P. Pascoe
198 W. E. Newton

274 D. Anderson sugar, gravel, malt, and other granular substances.

1956 P. Griess and H. 2743 T. Wilson

200 E, Lucius

476 G. Party 3433 J. Napier, Salisbury, Wiltshire, civil engineer. Im

2759 G, T. Bousfield

212 8. Vaile provements in the preparation of food, of a substance to be

1957 J. Phillips-Smith 2810 G. T. Bousfield employed in place of malt, and for the medication of food

1960 W. Richards

2866 J. Obubb and W. H. for animals.

1970 J. J. Bodmer

Dated December 31, 1866.

1983 G, H. Couch

3237 G. Haseltine 3447 G. P. Pocock, Camberwell. Improvements in


2175 R. Tonge breechloading firearms.

HAS BEEN PAID. 3451 J. Miller and J. Miller, jun., Park.road, North

Sealed January 29, 1867.

166 J. Potter Bow. Improvements in the manufacture of elastic gussets.

226 J. Jeffreys 206 O. F. Varley

257 W. Hartley 1963 J. M'Kenzie, T. 2010 P. Murray Dated January 1, 1867,

Clunes, and W. Hol- 2024 J. H. Johnson 1 W. and J. W. Wood, Monkhill, near Pontefract, York


2052 W.R. Lako shire. Improvements in the manufacture of fibrous yarns

1968 J. A. Birkbeck

2066 W. Clark or threads and in apparatus for the same.


1980 J. Sawyer and F. 2104 W. Clark 3 A. D. Campbell, Manchester. An improved bench


2131 S. R, Platt and E. planing machine. (A communication.)

1982 J. Robinson


For the Weekending January 26, 1867. 5 M. Henry, Fleet-street. Improvements in apparatus

1984 J. for evaporating and concentrating cane juice and other

Parry and R. 2171 J. Johnson

2427 W. Clark juices and liquids. (A communication.)

1988 C. N. Plantrou

2555 G. P. Dodge 7 H. W. Hart, Clapham, engineer. Improved apparatus

No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. No. Pr. 1995 J. H. Johnson

2735 A. V. Newton for containing advertising and address cards for public dis

2003 N, Kilvert

2898 G. Haseltine tribution,

2005 T. Campbell and H. 3025 W.E. Newton 9 A. M'Glashan, Coal Yard, Drury-lane, and A. Brittle

s. d. s. d

s. d. s. d. Coffey

3059 G. Haseltine ank, Brazier's court, Tottenham Court-road, engineers.

1549 0 10 15580 8 156711 615760

415850 415930 8 2007 J. H. Johnson

3098 G, Haseltine Improvements in machinery or apparatus for feeding paper

15500 8 1559 1 4 1568 0 15770 41686)0 8 15941

2008 W. H. K. Mack to pripting machines and for taking off or removing and

16510 8 15601 6. 1569/1 (157810 4158710 4 1595|0 10 piling the same after printing.

1552 6 4 15610 415701 15790

4158810 8 159 1 10

1553 0 416620 10157110 58010 4/15890 8 1597) 4 Dated January 2, 1867.

1554'1 10 1563 0 6/1572'0 58110 8 159 11 C. D. Abel, Southampton-buildings, Chancery-lane


1555,0 8 1564,0 415730 1

4 1591 An improved mode of and machinery or apparatus for ob.


15560 8.15650 415740 5830 8/1591 4/1600/04 taining power from the motion of a ship or vessel at sea for

1557 0 4 15660 4 1675 0 1 58) 4 pumping, ventilating, and other purposes. A communica

From the London Gazette, January 29, 1867.
13 A. Ward and O. G, Virgo, Bradford, Yorkshire. Im-

2385 J. Dodge. Catting file blanks.
2386 J. H. Johnson. Bricks. (A communication.)

NOTE.-Specifications will be forwarded by post from the provements in the construction of scarfs.

2395 T. Parkes. Tube cutters.

Great Seal Patent Office (publishing department) on reDated Junuary 4, 1867. 2396 H. J. Newcombe. Heating buildings.

ceipt of the amount of price and postage. Sams exceeding 32 J. Bird, Seymour-street West, Connaught-square.

2398 H. W. Ley. Working cords.

5s, must be remitted by Post Office Ordır, made payable a Improvements in the manufacture of artificial fuel.

2399 A. S. Stocker. Bottles.
2401 F. Sage. Show cases.

the Post Office, High Holborn, to Mr.Bennett Wooderot
Dated January 5, 1867.
241: F. Sutherland. Umbrellas.

Great Seal Patent Omice, as, Southampton-buildings 34 G, Logan, Kelso, Roxburghshire. An improved appa- 2419 G, O, Gooday. Thatch.


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generally with mathematical demona

which Fitzroy organised, and whence he drew be used as a check on another, and the third his inspiration. It should be distinctly under- kept in reserve. It is directed that two therstood that Fitzroy had no morbid desire to mometers should be fixed outside the house,

shine as a weather-prophet or he might easily at the north side, and a shird near them, with MECHANICS' MAGAZINE. and inexpensively have followed the footsteps its bulb wet, or, rather, moistened. What is

of predecessors, had he been content to rest to be done if the north side is not available is

his faith in the constellations, the planets, the left out of consideration. Once a day, at about LONDON: FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1867.

moon, the fallacious value of averages, or some eight in the morning, the rainfall, the highest system of periodioity. As a student he had or lowest extreme of the mercury in the baro

mastered the writings of Capper, Redfield, meter and in the exposed thermometer since OFFICIAL DAILY WEATHER

Reid, Piddington, Thom, and Dovè, whose last report (as nearly as can be ascertained),

labours have established the laws of storms and the reading of one barometer and its attached REPORTS.

winds; and as a navigator he had found his thermometer, the character of the weather "THE chemist lays his experiments, stuffed knowledge practically serviceable.

since the last report, the reading of the ex

The suggestion repeatedly made by men posed dry thermometer, the difference (always strations or the more abstruse calculations of having a practical turn of mind, that the elec-less) of the moistened thermometer, the dithe minus and plus of algebra, before some tric telegraph is an agent which might be rection of the wind at that time, its estimated royal society composed of a few meagre phi- beneficially presred into the service of meteor- force, the character of the weather at that time, losophers, 'with spectacles on's nose;' while ology, fell doubtless with serious import upon and the state of the sea are telegraphed to the the judges the cook appeals to are all the his mind when he was posted by the Govern- Meteorologic Office in cipher. The extreme old jolly bons vivants in the Imperial Kingdom.” ment to labour for the advance of meteorology. reading of the barometer, the temperature of This little tit-bit is from the preface to “The The indications which enable a seaman to the maximum, minimum, and wet-bulb therNew Practice of Cookery, &c.," by Mesdames profit by the laws of storms can be trans- mometers, and the duration of rain, although Hudson and Donat, and did not escape the mitted by the electric wire with vastly greater apparently transmitted from each station attention of the acute and facetious Edinburgh celerity than any storm could travel, so that dailly, are not published. Possibly it is tacitly Reviewer, who, after alluding to much other not only the actual presence of a storm but its assumed that these are the least reliable facts extraordinary information, said: “It is a probable early advent may thus be advantage- obtained. If so, they can be of no use to the fact of subordinate importance, but neverthe- ously made known to the places threatened. central office, and the expense of sending them less somewhat curious, that the whole Royal Fitzroy's first object, then, was to establish by telegraph should lead to their disconSociety make use of one pair of spectacles, a cordon of reporting stations around the tinuance. placed on the nose doubtless of the president. British coasts. Meteorological observations No regular meteorologic telegram is required We have long observed an unvaried coinci- from these stations, received daily at the central to be forwarded on Sundays or official holidence in the views and pursuits of this learned office over which he presided, have, apparently days, but one reading of instruments, and a body, and are happy to be able to trace it to from the commencement in 1860, been re- regular notice of the previous weather, &c., a cause equally unsuspected and satisfactory.” duced, corrected, tabulated, and communi- is taken on such occasions, and recorded, with The views and pursuits of the "meagre philo- cated as soon as possible to the daily news, other daily ordinary observations, in a regular sophers " have been so remarkably coincident papers. After a short experience he found form, which is sent by next post. But these of late that we begin to suspect the spectaoles these observations capable of yielding the re- are never published, and therefore the contihave again come into requisition. It is high sults he originally anticipated from them; nuity of the series of daily observations is fretime, however, that they were consigned to otherwise, it is presumed, the experiment quently broken, and their value is thus impaired. the depot of old curiosities, where they would would have been soon abandoned; for what It is further directed that portable rain gauges doubtless become as historically interesting as e, commensurate with their expense, can are to be placed on the ground or any position Newton's telescope, Huyghen's object glass, such observations possess per se? This thought exposed to a free fall of rain, snow, or hail, or Davy's safety-lamp. For it must be evident directs us to the examination this Daily where neither buildings, nor walls, nor trees that they possess the anomalous property of Weather Table--the only remnant ofthescheme shelter or cause eddies of wind. They are to distorting the vision, or how are we to account which Fitzroy succeeded in organising not be supported by a frame or other means for the conflicting advice with which the withstanding general incredulity as to the admitting of their being emptied daily, but society has lately afflicted the Board of Trade ? utility of meteorological statistics, opposition preventing their being blown down. It apLooking into the recondite doctrines of the to the expense, although but some £3,000 or pears to us that it must be quite impossible to science of magnetism, empirical rules have £4,000 yearly, the trouble of treating for the conform to these directions in seaport towns. been detected—by the aid of the spectacles it co-operation of the telegraph companies, and We further learn with regard to position, that is presumed-sufficiently scientific for enabling of training the observers. That this table generally, on ur near the ground is preferable the Government to supervise in a compulsory was adequate for the purpose of prevision to to an artificial elevation ; but, if so raised, manner the adjustment and correction of the which Fitzroy made it subservient we fully height above ground is to be registered and compasses in iron ships; and the Board of believe; and its publication was desirable, put- officially reported. From day to day, in the Trade has been urgently invited to do its duty ting the public as it did in possession of the morning, the quantity of water from rain, in this respect. But a mere glance into the facts upon which he based his opinions of the snow or hail (melted) is measured very caremazes of meteorology also detected "empirical weather and acted as the director of the storm- fully and recorded. rules " which, strangely enough, considering signals.

It is not expected that exact duration of rain, the lately aspiring position of this science, are Circumstances induce us now to scrutinise snow, hail, or fog can be usually registered, decreed incompetent for the continuance of a this table more carefully, and fortunately we but very near approximations may be made practice of giving warnings of storms and gales, have every facility for doing so. Thoroughly by collecting the notices of various persons. which the Government had actually been doing straightforward in all his work, Fitzroy pub- When fog continues for an hour or more, its during six years, to the general satisfaction of lished to the world his modus operandi com- duration and character should be registered the nation. Either the spectacles are any- pletely, although not lucidly; and, as a con- and telegraphed with the next usual morning thing but what they ought to be, or the vary- sequence, to this day it is not generally com- report, thus: “ Five hours of very thick fog ing peculiarities or attributes of empirical rules prehended. Under the title “ Arrangements till seven p.m." or, “Three hours of light fog have yet to be explained by the philosophers or for Meteorological Telegraphy," he even pub- still continuing." The observers are directed the logicians. Faithful guides in the applica- lished the instructions given to his corps of to estimate the force of the wind by the arbitions of the doctrines of this science, fallacious observers; and it is this pamphlet which enables trary scale used by seamen, which consists of entirely for that science ;-when, why, and us to judge of the value of the observations, the figures 0 to 12, 0 representing calm, 12 wherefore, have they these characteristics ? and tells us how they are sent to head-quarters. the strongest hurricane, the intermediate The ambi-dexterous nature of these empirical They appear to be taken at all the stations by figures the varying strength. It has always rules sets us vacillating between faith and the respective telegraphists, the instruments, struck us, in looking over these tables, that scepticism. We cannot, without enlighten- it is supposed, being kept on the premises. there is a tendency to exaggerate the strength ment, bring ourselves to believe that the ad- Now telegraph stations in seaport towns are of the wind. Certainly it would be advisable, vice in both cases is reliable. We decline to not suitable places for making observations now that anemometers of good mechanical attempt the solution of the problem, or rather on either the day, night, or morning tempera- construction can be made for £20 or £30, to dilemma. It may, with much propriety, serve ture of the air, or of evaporation, or on the supply each station with such an instrument, to engross the deliberations of the distinguished amount of rainfall, as they are usually very so as to dispense with this arbitrary process. scientific body. Leaving them this task it much confined for space, and are closed in by We have been induced thus freely to criticise is our purpose to examine what the philoso- buildings. The published observations are said this table because the committee which rephers have left us of Admiral Fitzroy's meteor- to be made at eight a.m., but there seems to be ported on the Meteorological Office last year ological labours.

neither guarantee against laxity in time nor omitted to do so, and its inherent imperfecDaily forecasts of weather have disappeared allowance for difference of longitude, which tions go unnoticed. The observations would from the newspapers. Cautionary storm sig- there should be to render them simultaneous. be enhanced in value if they could be made nals are no longer visible to mariners, fisher- Each station is supplied with three barometeis; under suitable circumstances as to place and men, boatmen, pilots, coasters. Steamer pas, wet-bulb, dry-bulb, maximum and minimum exposure of instruments, ability and puncsengers may no more look for warning of thermometers, and rain gauge. Whether it was tuality in the observer. The desirability of this treacherous winds which in a few hours may imagined that the barometer-which “Sam is evidenced by the circumstance that during fall foul of their ventures. The newspapers, Slick” says "canpot lie”-is apt to stick or the recent very severe frost, it was noticed however, still have the daily weather reports not, we cannot

say; but one barometer is to l by many private observers that the tempera

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