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itself, without being thrust at by fome outward Force.

Your inward Force (for as for your Treasures indeed, the Sinews of your Crown, your Majefty doth beft and only know) confifteth in your Subjects, generally unexpert in warlike Defence: And as they are divided now into mighty Factions (and Factions bound upon the never dying Knot of Religion) the one of them to whom your happy Government hath granted the free Exercife of the eternal Truth; with this, by the Continuance of time, by the Multitude of them, by the principal Offices and Strength they hold; and laftly, by your Dealings both at Home and Abroad against the Adverfe Party, your State is fo entrapped, as it were impoffible for you, without exceffive Trouble, to pull yourself out of the Party fo long maintained. For fuch a Courfe once taken in Hand, is not much unlike a Ship in a Tempeft, which how dangeroufly foever it be beaten with Waves, yet is there no Safety or Succor without it: Thefe there fore, as their Souls live by your happy Government, fo are they your chief, if not your fole Strength. Thefe, howfoever the Neceffity of humane Life make them lack, yet can they not look for better Conditions than presently they enjoy: thefe, how their Hearts will be galled, if not aliened, when they fee you take a Hufband, a Frenchman, and a Papift; in whom (howfoever fine Wits may find further Dealings or painted Excufes) the very common People well knew this, that he is the Son of a Jezabel of our Age; that his Brother made Oblation of his own Sifter's Marriage, the easier to make Massacres of our Brethren in Belief; that he himself, contrary to his Promife, and all Gratefulness, having had his Liberty, and principal

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principal Estate by the Hugonites Means, did fack Lacharifts, and utterly fpoil them with Fire and Sword: This I fay, even at the firft Sight, gives Occafion to all truly Religious to abhor fuch a Master, and confequently to diminish much of the hopeful Love they have long held to you.

The other Faction (moft rightly indeed to be called a Faction) is the Papifts; Men, whose Spirits are full of Anguish; fome being infefted by others, whom they accounted damnable; fome having their Ambition stopped, because they are not in the Way of Advancement; fome in Prison, and Difgrace; fome, whose best Friends are banished Practifers; many thinking you are an Ufurper; many thinking alfo, you had difannulled your Right, because of the Pope's Excommunication; all burdened with the Weight of their Confcience; Men of great Numbers, of great Riches, (because the Affairs of State have not lain on them) of united Minds (as all Men that deem themselves. oppreffed, naturally are) with thefe I would willingly join all discontented Perfons, fuch as Want and Difgrace keeps lower than they have set their hearts. Such as have refolved what to look for at your Hands; fuch, as Cæfar faid, Quibus opus eft bello civili; and are of his Mind; Malo in acie quàm in foro cadere: Thefe be Men fo much the more to be doubted, because, as they do embrace all Estates, fo are they, commonly, of the braveft and wakefulleft Sort, and that know the Advantage of the World moft. This double Rank of People, how their Minds have ftood, the Northern Rebellion, and infinite other Practifes have well taught you: Which, if it be faid, it did not prevail, that is true indeed; for, if they had vailed, it were too late now to deliberate. But,

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at this prefent, they want nothing fo much as a Head, who, in effect, needs not but to receive their Instructions, fince they may do Mifchief enough only with his Countenance. Let the Signignian in Henry the Fourth's Time, Perkin Warbeck in your Grandfather's; but of all, the most lively and proper, is that of Lewis the French King's Son in Henry the Third's Time, who having at all no Shew of Title, yet did he cause the Nobility, and more, to fwear direct Fealty and Vaffalage; and they delivered the strongest Holds unto him. I fay, let these be fufficient to prove, that Occafion gives Mind and Scope to ftranger things than ever would have been imagined. If then the affectionate Side have their Affections weakened, and the Difcontented have a Gap to utter their Discontent; I think, it will feem an ill Preparative for the Patient, I mean your Estate, to a great Sickness.

Now the agent Party, which is Mounfieur, whether he be not apt to work upon the Difadvantage of your Estate, he is to be judged by his Will and Power: his Will to be as full of light Ambition as is poffible; befides the French Difpofition, and his own Education, his inconftant Attempt against his Brother, his thrufting himself into the Low Country Matters, his fometime seeking the King of Spain's Daughter, fometimes your Majefty, are evident Teftimonies of his being carried away with every Wind of Hope: taught to love Greatnefs any way gotten, and having for the Motioners and Minifters of the Mind, only fuch young Men as have fhewed they think evil Contentment a Ground of any Rebellion; who have seen no Common-wealth but in Faction, and divers of which have defiled their Hands in odious Murders. With fuch Fancies, and Favourites, what is to be hoped VOL. I.

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for? Or that he will contain himself within the Limits of your Conditions, fince in truth it were ftrange, that he that cannot be contented to be the fecond Perfon in France, and Heir apparent, fhould be content to come to be second Perfon, where he fhould pretend no way to Sovereignty? His Power, I imagine, is not to be defpifed, fince he is come into a Country where the Way of Evil-doing will be presented unto him:: where there needs nothing but a Head to draw together all the ill-affected Members: himself a Prince of great Revenues, of the most popular Nation of the World, full of Soldiery, and fuch as are used to serve without Pay, fo as they may have Shew of Spoil; and without queftion fhall have his Brother ready to help him, as well for old Revenge, as to divert him from troubling France, and to deliver his own Country from evil Humours. Neither is King Philip's Marriage herein any Example; fince then it was between two of one Religion; fo that he in England stood only upon her Strength, and had abroad King Henry of France, ready to impeach any Enterprize he fhould make for his Greatness that way. And yet, what Events Time would have brought forth of that Marriage, your most blessed Reign hath made vain all fuch Confiderations. But Things holding in prefent State, I think, I may easily conclude, that your Country, as well by long Peace and Fruits of Peace, as by the Poifon of Divifion (wherewith the Faithful fhall by this means be wounded, and the contrary enabled) is made fit to receive Hurt; and Mounfieur being every way likely to use the Occafions to hurt, there can almost happen no worldly Thing of more imminent Danger to your Eftate Royal. And as to your Perfon, in the Scale of your Happiness, what

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Good there may come by it, to balance with the Lofs of fo honourable a Conftancy, truly yet I perceive not. I will not fhew fo much Malice, as to object the universal Doubt, the Race's Unhealthfulnefs; neither will I lay to his Charge the Ague-like manner of Proceedings, fometimes hot and fometimes cold in the time of Purfuit, which always rightly is moft fervent. And I will temper my Speeches from any other unreverend Difgracings of him in particular (though they may be never fo true) this only I will fay, that if he do come hither, he must live here in far meaner Reputation than his Mind will well brook, having no other Royalty to countenance himself with; or elfe you muft deliver him the Keys of your Kingdom, and live at his Difcretion; or laftly, he muft feparate. himself with more Difhonour, and further Difuniting of Heart, than ever before. Often have I heard you with Proteftation say, no private Pleasure or Self-affection could lead you unto it; but if it be both unprofitable for your Kingdom, and unpleafant to you, certainly it were a dear Purchase of Repentance. Nothing can it add unto you, but the Bliss of Children, which I confess were a most unfpeakable Comfort. But yet no more appertaining unto him, than to any other to whom the Height of all good Haps were allotted, to be your Hufband; and therefore I may affuredly affirm, that what Good foever can follow Marriage, is no more his than any body's; but the Evils and Dangers are peculiarly annexed-to his Perfon and Condition. For as for the inriching of your Country with Treasure, which either he hath not, or hath otherwise bestowed it; or the staying of your Servants Minds with new Expectation and Liberality, which is more dangerous than fruitful; or the eafing

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