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there being for that no other Rule, than so to do, as that they may not justly fay Evil of you; which whether your Majefty have not done, I leave it in you, to the Sincerenefs of your own Confcience, and Wisdom of your Judgment in the World, to your most manifeft Fruits and Fame through Europe. Auguftus was told, that Men spoke of him much Hurt; "It is no matter, faid he, fo "long as they cannot do much Hurt." And lastly, Charles V. to one that told him, Le Hollandour parlent mal, mais ilz patient bien; answered Le. I might make a Scholar-like Reckoning of many fuch Examples. It fufficeth, that thefe great Princes knew well enough upon what Ways they flew, and cared little for the Barking of a few Curs: And truly in the Behalf your Subjects, I durft with my Blood answer it, that there was never Monarch held in more precious Reckoning of her People; and before God, how can it be otherwife? For my own Part, when I hear some loft Wretch hath defiled fuch a Name with his Mouth, I confider the right Name of Blafphemy, whose unbridled Soul doth delight to deprave that which is accounted generally moft High and Holy. No, no, most excellent Lady, do not raze out the Impreffion you have made in fuch a Multitude of Hearts, and let not the Scum of fuch vile Minds bear any Witness against your Subjects Devotions; which, to proceed one Point further, if it were otherwife, could little be helped, but rather nourifhed, and in effect begun by this. The only means of avoiding Contempt, are Love and Fear: Love as you have by divers means fent into the Depth of their Souls; fo if any thing can stain so true a Form, it must be the trimming yourfelf, not in your own Likeness, but in new Colours

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lours unto them. Their Fear by him cannot be in-creafed without Appearance of French Forces, the manifeft Death of your Eftate; but well may it: against him bear that Face, which, as the tragic. Seneca faith, Metus in authorem redit, as because both in Will and Power he is like enough to do Harm. Since then it is dangerous for your State, as well because by inward Weakness (principally caufed by Divifion) it is fit to receive Harm; fince to your Perfon it can no way be comfortable, you not defiring Marriage; and neither to Perfon nor State he is to bring any more Good than any body, but more Evil he may; fince the Caufes that fhould drive you to this, are either Fears of that which: cannot happen, or by this means cannot be prevented; I do with moft humble Heart fay unto your Majefty (having affayed this dangerous Help) for your ftanding alone, you must take it for a fingular Honour God hath done you, to be indeed the only Protector of his Church; and yet in worldly Refpects your Kingdom very fufficient fo to do, if you make that Religion upon which you ftand, to carry the only Strength; and have aboard thofe that ftill maintain the fame Courfe, who, as long as they may be kept from utter falling, your Majefty is fure enough from your mightieft Enemies.

As for this Man, as long as he is but Mounfieur in Might, and a Papift in Profeffion, he neither can nor will greatly fhield you: and if he grow to be King, his Defence will be like Ajax's Shield, which rather weighed down, than defended thofe that bore it. Against Contempt, if there be any, which I will never believe, let your excellent Virtues of Piety, Juftice, and Liberality daily (if it be poffible, more and more) fhine. Let fuch particular

particular Actions be found out (which be easy as I think to be done) by which you may gratify all the Hearts of your People. Let thofe in whom you find Truft, and to whom you have committed Truft in your weighty Affairs, be held up in the Eyes of your Subjects. Laftly, doing as you do, you fhall be as you be, the Example of Princes, the Ornament of this Age, the Comfort of the Afflicted, the Delight of your People, the most excellent Fruit of your Progenitors, and the perfect Mirror of your Pofterity.

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Sir Francis Bacon to Sir George Villiers, upon the fending his Patent for Viscount Villiers to be figned..



Have fent you now your Patent, of Creation of Lord Bletchly of Bletchly, and of Viscount Vil liers. Bletchley is your own, and I liked the Sound of the Name better than Whaddon; but the Name will be hid, for you will be called Viscount Villiers. I have put them in a Patent, after the Manner of the Patent for Earls, where Baronies are joined; but the chief Reason was, because I would avoid double Prefaces, which had not been fit; nevertheless the Ceremony of Robing and otherwife must be double.

And now, because I am in the Country, I will fend you fome of my Country Fruits, which with me are good Meditations; which, when I am in the City, are choked with Bufinefs.


After that the King fhall have watered your new Dignities with the Bounty of the Lands which he intends you, and that fome other things concerning your Means, which are now likewife in Intention, fhall be fettled upon you; I do not fee, but you may think your private Fortunes eftablished; and therefore it is now time that you should refer your Actions to the Good of your Sovereign and your Country. It is the Life of an Ox or Beaft always to eat, and never exercife; but Men are born (especially Chriftian Men) not to cramb in their Fortunes, but to exercife their Virtues; and yet the other hath not been the unworthy, and (thanks be to God) fometimes the unlucky Humour of great Perfons in our Times. Neither will your Fortune be the further off; for affure yourself, that Fortune is of a Woman's Nature, and will fooner follow by Slighting, than by too much Wooing. And in this Dedication of yourself to the Public, I recommend unto you principally, that which, I think, was never done fince I was born; and which, because it is not done, hath bred almost a Wilderness and Solitude in the King's Service; which is, that you countenance, and encourage, and advance, able Men, in all Kinds, Degrees and Profeffions. For in the time of the Cecils, the Father and the Son, able Men were by Defign. and of Purpose fuppreffed; and though of late, Choice goeth better, both in Church and Commonwealth, yet Money, and Turn-ferving, and cunning Canvaffes, and Importunity, prevail too much. And, in Places of Moment, rather make able and honeft Men yours, than advance thofe that are otherwife, because they are yours. As for cunning and corrupt Men, you must (I know) fometimes ufe them; but keep them at a


distance; and let it appear rather, that you make use of them, than that they lead you. Above all, depend wholly (next unto God) upon the King, and be ruled (as hitherto you have been) by his Inftructions; for that is best for yourself. For the King's Care and Thoughts for you, are according to the Thoughts of a great King; whereas your Thoughts concerning yourfelf, are, and ought to be, according to the Thoughts of a modest Man. But let me not weary you; the Sum is, that you think Goodnefs the beft Part of Greatness; and that you remember whence your Rifing comes, and make Return accordingly. God keep you. August 12, 1616.




Sir Francis Bacon to Sir Edward Coke.

Mr. Attorney,

Thought beft once for all to let you know in Plainness what I find of you, and what you fhall find of me. I am one that know both mine own Wants and other Mens, and it may be perchance that mine may mend when others ftand at a Stay. And furely I may not in public Place endure to be wronged, without repelling the fame to my beft Advantage to right myfelf. You are great, and therefore have the more Enviers, which would be glad to have you paid at another's Coft. Since the time I miffed the Solicitor's Place, the rather I think, by your means, I cannot expect that you and I fhall ever serve as Attorney and Solicitor; but either to ferve with another upon your Remove,

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