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good Books, they are true Friends, that will neither flatter nor diffemble; be you but true to yourself, applying what they teach unto the Party grieved, and you fhall need no other Comfort nor Counsel. To them, and to God's Holy Spirit directing you in the reading of them, I commend your Lordship, befeeching him to fend you a good Iffue out of thefe Troubles, and from henceforth to work a Reformation in all that is amifs, and a refolute Perfeverance, Proceeding, and Growth in all that is good, and that for his Glory, the bettering of yourfelf, this Church and Commonwealth, whofe faithful Servant whilft you remain, I remain a faithful Servant to you.

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Dr. Sharp to the Duke of Buckingham: with Queen Elizabeth's Speech to her Army at Tilbury Fort.

Remember in Eighty-eight, waiting upon the Earl of Leicester at Tilbury Camp, and in Eightynine going into Portugal with my noble Mafter the Earl of Effex, I learned fomewhat fit to be imparted to your Grace.

The Queen lying in the Camp one Night, guarded with her Army, the old Lord Treasurer Burleigh came thither, and delivered to the Earl the Examination of Don Pedro, who was taken and brought in by Sir Francis Drake, which Examination the Earl of Leicester delivered unto me to publish to the Army in my next Sermon. Tne Sum of it was this.


Don Pedro being afked, what was the Intent of their coming, ftoutly answered the Lords, What, but to fubdue your Nation, and root it out?

Good, faid the Lords: and what meant you then to do with the Catholiques? He anfwered, We meant to send them (good Men) directly unto Heaven, as all you that are Heretiques to Hell. Yea, but faid the Lords, what meant you to do with your Whips of Cord and Wyer? (whereof they had great Store in their Ships) What? faid he, we meant to whip you Heretiques to death, that have affifted my Master's Rebels, and done fuch Difhonours to our Catholique King and People? Yea, but what would you have done, faid they, with their young Children? They, faid he, which were above feven Years old, should have gone the Way their Fathers went; the rest should have lived, branded in the Forehead with the Letter L. for Lutheran, ta perpetual Bondage.

This, I take God to Witneffe, I received of those great Lords upon Examination taken by the Councel, and by Commandement delivered it to

the Armie.

The Queen, the next Morning, rode through all the Squadrons of her Armie, as armed P allas, attended by noble Footmen, Leicester, Effex, and -Norris then Lord Marshal, and divers other great. Lords. Where fhe made an excellent Oration to her Armie, which the next Day after her Departure, I was commanded to redeliver to all the Armie together, to keep a publique Faft. Her Words were thefe.

"MY loving People, we have been per"fuaded by fome, that are careful of our Safety, VOL. I.

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"to take heed how we commit ourself to armed "Multitudes for fear of Treachery: but I affure 56 you, I do not defire to live to diftruft my faithful and loving People. Let Tyrants fear; I have alwayes fo behaved myself, that under God I have placed my chiefeft Strength and "Safeguard in the loyal Hearts and Good-will "of my Subjects. And therefore I am come a"mongst you as you fee, at this time, not for my Recreation and Difport, but being refolved "in the midft and heat of the Battaile to live, "or die amongft you all, to lay down for my "God, and for my Kingdom, and for my Peo

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ple, my Honour and my Blood, even in the "Duft. I know I have the Bodie but of a weak " and feeble woman, but I have the Heart and "Stomach of a King, and of a King of Eng

land too; and think foul Scorn, that Parma, or "Spain, or any Prince of Europe, fhould dare to "invade the Borders of my Realm; to which, ra"ther than any Difhonour fhall grow by me, I

myself will take up Arms, I myself will be your "General, Judge, and Rewarder of everie one "of your Virtues in the Field. I know alreadie "for your Forwardneffe, you have deferved Re"wards and Crownes; and we do affure you in "the Word of a Prince, they fhall be duly paid << you. In the mean time my Lieutenant Ge"neral fhall be in my Stead, than whom never "Prince commanded a more noble or worthie "Subject; not doubting but by your Obedience. "to my General, by your Concord in the Camp, "and your Valour in the Field, we shall shortly "have a famous Victorie over thofe Enemies of 56 my God, of my Kingdomes, and of my Peo"ple."

This I thought would delight your Grace, and no man hath it but myself, and fuch as I have given it to; and therefore I made bold to fend it unto you, if you have it not already.


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Lord Bacon to James I.

It may please your most excellent Majeftie,

Do many times with Gladneffe, and for a Remedy of my other Labours, revolve in my Mind the great Happineffe which God (of his fingular Goodneffe) hath accumulated upon your Majeftie every way; and how compleat the fame would be, if the State of your Meanes were once rectified and well ordered; your People militarie and obedient, fit for War, used to Peace; your Church illightened with good Preachers, as an Heaven of Stars; your Judges learned, and learning from you, juft, and juft by your Example; your Nobility in a right Distance between Crown and People, no Oppreffors of the People, no Overshadowers of the Crown; your Council full of Tributes, of Care, Faith, and Freedom; your Gentlemen and Juftices of Peace, willing to apply your royal Mandates to the Nature of their feveral Counties, but ready to obey; your Servants in awe of your Wifdome, in hope of your Goodneffe; the Fields growing every Day by the Improvement and Recovery of Grounds, from the Defart to the Garden; the City grown from Wood to Brick; your Sea-walls, or Pomerium of your Island furveyed, and in edifying; your Merchants imbracing the whole Compati

of the World, Eaft, Weft, North and South; the Times giving you Peace, and yet offering you Opportunities of Action abroad; and, laftly, your excellent royal Iffue entayling thefe Bleffings and Favours of God, to defcend to all Pofterity. It refteth therefore, that God having done so great Things for your Majeftie, and you for others; you would do fo much for yourself as to go through (according to your good Beginnings) with the rectifying and fettling of your Estate and Means, which onely is wanting. Hoc rebus defuit unum. I therefore, whom onely Love and Duty to your Majeftie, and your royal Line, hath made a Financier, do intend to prefent unto your Majeftie a perfect Book of your Estate, like a Perfpective-glaffe, to draw your Estate near to your Sight; befeeching your Majestie to conceive, that if I have not attained to do that, that I would do in this which is not proper for me, nor in my Element, I fhall make your Majeftie amends in fome other thing in which I am better bred.

God ever preferve, &c.


Dr. Williams, Dean of Westminster, to the Duke of Buckingham.

My most noble Lord,

IT hath pleafed God to call for the Bishop of

London. I am fo confcious of mine own Weakneffe and Undefervings, that, as I never was, fo now I dare not be a Suiter for fo great a Charge. But if his Majeftie, by your Honour's Mediation,


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