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much exhausted, and thefe Fellowes all liuing that haue had the Milke, and now inured to profperous Mutinies, they haue taken fuch Head as cannot be fuffered, nor fafely taken off; and I doe not think that all is quiett, though it appears fo; but that we fhall haue new Troubles from those prepared in Afia, who will attempt a Revenge for the Death of a King that was their Martyr: Et hinc ruina. Secondly, in the Degrees of the Vprore itfelfe; that the Soldiours had no Intention at firft, either to depofe or hurt their Emperour, butt only to ftay him, and to cutt off the Counsellors of his Journey, whom the next Day, dead and buried, they bitterly lamented, knowing they had rafhly fett vp one whom they must change for Difability. Thirdly, at the Order; that thefe Mutiners, hauing no Head or Direction, kept that Reglement, that they tooke Oath in their Fury in the King's Yard, not to fpoile nor fack the Imperiall Throne, as their owne Difhonour, and neither committed nor fuffered any Infolency nor Violence in the Citty; and, which is ftrange, I thinke there hath not bene done, in the three Dayes and three Nights, one thousand Checquins Dammage to the Neutralls, nor to any butt to thofe obnoxious for fome former Quarrell: and fix of them meeting with 100% of myne in the Streets, in the Hands of a poore Man, they first tooke it away; but he pleading it was myne, they retorned yt; fo that I may wonder at fuch orderly Dilorder. This Plott was difcouered to the Soldiours, by Words of Difdaine lett fall from the King, by remouing all his Treasure, pulling down the Riches of his Houfe, melting Furniture and Saddles, and whatfoeuer could be converted into Bullion. Thus

your

your Honor hath a Modell of Troubles and my Contemplations, which Tyme may enlarge. For our owne Bufines: they will now doe any thing I fhall propound for Poland, hauing fent Offers thither, and will fend into England; but whether it were well done now to affift to any Peace, I know not; yet will follow my Inftructions. Within fower Dayes after this, I procured to be renewed all my Commands and Letters for Tunes and Algier, in this Emperour's Name, and haue dispeeded them away, according to my Advifes fent your Honor by my Cofen, Robert Roe; fo that I think I fhall rather fortify than weaken that Defigne. The Letter written to his Majeftie by the laft Emperour fhal be confirmed, and wee are iuft in priftino ftatu. I befeech your Honor, read Part of this my Letter to his Majeftie, and mediate for me, that yt may abfolve mee, vntill I can put it in better Forme, being scarfe allowed Tyme to tranfcribe this, that you may read yt. Et ab his incendiarijs, libera nos Domine.

Conftantinople, 16 May, 1622.

Your Honor's affectionate Seruant.

LETTER

XXIX.

Relation of the Death of Sultan OSMAN.

THE

HE Grand Signior, Sultan Ofman, difcontented euer fince his Difgrace in Poland, as foone as he came to Conftantinople, pretended a Journey vpon the Emir de Saida, who was reported to be in Rebellion, hauing taken Armes to other Ends: but beeing diuerted from this Purpose by the great Inftance of the Viziers, and that it would not fo well ferue his fecrett Defignes, because he must then keep an Army on foote, he gave out that

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he would vifitt Mecha, the Tomb of his falle Prophett. To make this Voiage the more fecure in Appearance, he feemed content to accept of any Treaty with the Polacks, euen to Conditions both of Difadvantage and Difhonor. For his Eftates in Hungary, he re-enforced the Frontire with diuers Troopes; and though he were much troubled at the League betweene the Emperour of Germany and Bethlem Gabor, yett he diffèmbled it foe as that he would not displease the Tranfyluanian, but rather offered newe Succors, and Forbearance of his Tribute. From the Incurfions of the Coffacks, he hoped to affure himselfe by the Treaty of the Poles; and in occafion of Breach,. he had the Tartars ready to requite them, it beeing both their Trades to live vpon Spoile and Robbery; and for more Security, he appointed twenty Gallies to keep the Black Sea.. The com mon People, and Viziers, that loued Reft, and. knew not the Defigne, were much troubled and difcontent at this Journey, who made many Remonftrances to him of the Inconuenience and Danger to leaue the Seat of his Empire to the Truft of a Deputy, in a Tyme when Bethlem Gabor was newly reconciled to the Germayne Emperour, and therefore not to be trusted, and the Polacks newly conciled to him, and therefore to be mistrusted. Diuers other Reasons were made to him, many Petitions delivered from the Churchmen, Lawyers, and from all Eftates; but melancholy Reuenge had wholly poffeffed him, fo that by no. means he could be perfwaded to defift. The Soldioury paffed fo farre, as to threaten publiquely, and to proteft they would not follow, but rather fett upp another King in his Abfence, that fhould stay among them. This alfo wrought no

other

other Effect, butt Encrease of Despight against them. In Conclufion, carried by his owne Fate to Deftruction, the 7th of May (hauing first commanded away all his Gallies to the Leuant, and thereby difpofed away many of his Soldiours) he beganne to paffe ouer his Tents and Pauilions to Afia Side, with great Quantities of Treasure.. The Janizaries and Spahees (who had alfo fecrett Intelligence vpon the King, his owne Words and Actions betrayeing fome further Deffigne than a Pilgrimage; for he made Preparations to carry away all his Jewells and Treasure, euen. defaceing his Pallace, and taking from Churches, and his Wardrobes, whatfoever could be conuerted to: Bullion) fuddenly mett at the Hyppodrome in: the City, upon a Word giuen, and from thenceranne to the Seraglio in Tumult, butt without Armes; and there, according to their barbarous. Mutinyes, cryed out for the King (hauing first taken order to stopp the Paffage of any thing vpon the Water) who appearing to them, afked, What this Infolency meant? and what they pretended? They then, by the Mouth of a Multitude (for they had no Head but that of the Monster) demanded firft, That he should not proceed in his Purpose to goe to Mecha, nor into Afia; but that he muft abide in the Citty. Secondly, They would haue deliuered to their Fury the great Vizier Delavir Baffa, the Hoia or, the King, the Caflariaga Gouernour of the Woemen, the Tefterdar or Treaforer, the Caddee-leskar or chiefe Juftice, and fome others, as Enemyes to the State, and confenting to this Voiage, which, they pretended, would be the Ruyne of the Empire. The first, after a little Difpute, the King granted vnto them, promifing to giue quer his Journey;

E 5

but

but they, not content, exacted it in Writing. Tas the fecond he replyed, That it was a Difhonor to him to haue his Seruants fo vfed without Order of Juftice; but perfwaded them to haue Patience to tay untill Satterday, the next Diuan or publique Councill, where they fhould all appeare; and, if. they were found culpable, they should receiue Punishment: not meaning to performe any of this, but to gett time, and allay the present Fury. Thefe Fellowes, not content with this moderat Anfwere, vndertooke to knowe that they were guilty, and therefore that there needed no other Wittnes, Tryall, nor Judge, but themselves; and with extreame Clamor called to haue them deliuered but the King, refufing to give them any: other Satisfaction, and they, vnprepared for Force, retorned into the Citty, which was now all in feare, euery House and Shopp fhut upp, expect, ing a generall Sack. But they followed the Way, of their owne Hatred, and first went to the House of the Hoia, which they brake and pillaged; but not finding him, they proceeded to the great Vi-zier's, who made fome Defence, and, they bee ing unarmed, beat them off, and so they separated, beeing nowe Euening; but kept a Guard in fome Parts of the Towne. This Night the King made an Attempt to send ouer to Asia Side, but was preuented, and to fortify and defend his Seraglio, which is walled ftrongly about, and hath alway in it, of houfhold Seruants, about three thousand: but, it feems, no Man would arme in his Caufe; for the next Morning thefe Mutiners affembled againe, and taking their Armes, went first to the Mufti or Arch-prieft among them, and forced him and diuers others to accompany them to the Court, where they anew

demanded.

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