« EelmineJätka »
pleasant, the way lying dis ct?s through it, they colaced then there for the senson. Yea, they heard winnly the singing or birds, nl s.Iwerry day the 1er3 appear in the carth, and lead tie rois of the turtle in the laol. In this cousty the su sact' uitrul cay; Wirfore it was beyond the Valley of the Shadow of Deatil, axl also cat of the race of Giant Dispar; neither couli ihay íron this place 60 mac 28 Be Doubiini Cosilc. Iler: tey wr within sight of the city they were going to; a! oh renunth mome of th inhabitants thereof; for in this land the Sving one commooly walked, because it was upon the borders of Il-aven. Iu this land, üko, the contract btween :he bride and bridatroon was renewxl; Fea, here,
as the brid! room rujoiceth over the bride. so did their God rejoice over them. Her they hd po want of corn and wine; for in this place they met abundance of what thy hul sought for in all their pilgrimage. Il rethy heard voices froin out of the city. loud voic s. buying: «Say ye to the daughter of Zion, beho'd thy salvation comath! Bho'll, his reward is with him!' loro all the inhabitants of the country calle: them the holy people, ther deened of the Lord, songht ont,' &c.
Now, as they walk d in this land, they had mora rejoic.og than in parts more remote from tlie kingdom to which they wero bouud; and drawing rearor to the city yt. thy had a more perfect view thereof: it was built of pearls and precious stones, also the streets ther. of wire pvd with gold; so that, by rearou of the uatural glory of the city, aul the retlction of the suub ams upon it, Christian with desire fulsick; Hop ful also had a qt or two of the earne di cuc: wherefore here they lay by it a while, crying out, because of their panga: ‘If you see my Beloved, tell him that I 2.1 &ck of love
But bing a little strengthencil, and better able to bear their sickness, they walk don their way, and ca ieyit narir and bearer, where were orchards, vincyarila, ud garden, and the rgat's peaed into the highwar. Now, as they cane up to the su places, bedoll the mindener stood in the way, to wbom the pilins raid: Whoso goodiy va yards and gardens are those ? Il ausworel: They rotho King's,auiars planta biro ior his own delight, 2011 also for the solace of pilgrims; 60 tarika rind them into tb. vin yar:lt, wit blthom rofresh themselve with caint.cs; he also stox d them teret King's walks and arbours, where he delighted to b?; and here th y tairied and pt.
Now, I h hell in my dream that they talk od more in their sleep at this time than over tier did in all tbsrjocmy: and hangia nuse then about the grdarsd cron to me: "Ifor 10 it thoil at the natier? It is the naturoi iho finit of the gripes of the vineyards to go down so swectly, is to carse the lips of them that aria-laptopik.
So I the rien th y cwcle, th. y adurssed themselves to go up to the city. But, as I said, the reflct on cf the sun the city--for the city pa par: goldwas to extremely glorious, that they could not as y't with open face b houi, bit through an instrument 19:d for that purpo?. So I cautat, as they went on, tiorumut him two inch in ra.iment that shonel.ko gold; also their faces shoneas tha ligt.
These men cek d the pilgrims whence they came: and they told them. They also asked tem whertybial box, what dificulties !!! clanders, et conforts aud plasiri's, they had twitiinih.ir y; and they tollihem. Then sa il the mon that met them: You have but two difficulties inorü to meet with, and then you are in the city.
Christian and his companion then asked the men to go along with them; so they told them that they wond. Buit, eard the y, you mut obtain it by your own faith. So I saw in my dream that they went on together till they came in sight of the gato
Now, I further suv that betwrist them and the gate was a river, but there iras no bridgetoro ori 1, and the river was vori dep. At the sight, therefors of this river, tr pilgri.is er nuc! Sunrel; but th: bien tilat wout with them said: You inust EOLrcury, or you can not come tutte. the ri rims the gun to inquire if there w18 no other way to the gute; to
Ich incy unsteril; Tos: luttir: bith not any, ayo tiro, to wit, Curhand Eijn, bi en perinitielto freed that path sinc: the foundation of the world, uorstall, mi trelast trus:pot: ha! sound. The pilgrims t-?ccialy Christian-porn to d poach internads, and look thaway and tht; but no way coulib found by them by which they might cocups the river. Then they asked the mee if the
waters were a!l of a depth. They said: No; yet they could not help them in that case: for all thcy, you shall find it duepor cr shalluwer, us you believe in the King of 1'1 plicu.
Theytionaldressed themselves to the water, and entering, Christian began to sink, ardd cyn's out to his good fri 1:1 llop: fül, he 62d: I sink in deep Walvis: the bila lows gocver over my heal; e!! the waters go over inc. Sluh.
T. en paid the other: Buogo cher, my brother; I feel the bottom, and it is g90. Tien suid Christian : 1. ny trind, th: gorrow of death luth cucompussed ine : bort: Ish:ll not see the land that flows wit! milk and honey.
Thia I sus in my dream tha Christian was in a muse a whil. To ihoin, also, Hop.al add the words: Be of gocd checr; Jerus Christ makcih the whole: and with that Chris:in brake out with a lond voic:-01! I see him again; and he tells me: 'Thou tlou passest through the waters, I will be with thce; and through the rivers, they shall not overnow thee.' Then ti y both took ccurages, and he enery ves altr that az etill as a ston?, until they were gone ovir. Christian, therefore, pronty found grouad to stand upon, and so it loilowed that the rest of the river was bat ehallow; buttbus they got over. Now, upon the lank of the river on the oihr side, they saw the two shining men again, who there waited for them; therefore, being coinc ont of the river. They saluiert them, saying: Terre ninietering spirits, 8 nt forth to minister to those that shall bhairs et saivation. Thus thy wont along toward the gate. Now, you must note that the ciiy sicut upon a nighty hill; but the pilgrims went up that hill with ease, became they had ih se two men to lead them up by the arms; they had likewise left their moitalgirments behind them in the river; for though this went in with them, they came cut withont them. They therefore went up here with much agility and speed, though the foundation upon which the city was framed was higher than the clouds; they therefore went up through the region of the air, sweetly talking as they went, hein confort d because they got safely over the river, and hăd such glorious companions to attend
Now, while they were thus drawing towards the gate, behold a company of tho hearaply host came out to meet then; to whom it wie suid by the cther iwo'shining oncs: These are the men who loved our Lord wiren they were in the world. erdhi ve left all for his holy name; and he hath peut us to fetch them, and we have brought them thus far on iheir d sired journey, that they may go in and look their Redener in the face with joy. Then the heavenly host give a great shont, taying: “Bessed are they tut are called to the marriar-sip:) .r of the lamb.' There came also out at this time to meet them several of the King's trumpeters, clothod in white and ebining ruiincut. who, with melodions and loud noise, muie even the bravene to echo with their sound. These trumpet: ss saluted Christian and his fellow with four thousand welcomes from the world; and this they did with shouting and found if trumpet.
This one, they compassed tham round about on ciery side; some went lefore, some bhind, and some on the right hand, come on th: 1:11-is it were to guard them through the uppi'r regions-continually founding as they wont, with mchoors noize, in notes on ligh; so that the very right wus to the triat could be hold its if heaven itself 43 coine down to meet them. Thus, therefore, they wilkd cu . githor; and as they walked, ever and anou thesutrumpeiors, even with joyful sond. would, by irizing their music with looks end gestures, still signify to Chris11:14 his broilier how welcome thy were into th: ir company, and wil whitgal: 8111, came to mect them: and now were these two men, as it were', in leavily for this came atit, being evallowed up with the salt of anges, and with arrg tericco dion3 notes. Here, also, they had the city itself in vist, and thought they heard ! the tells there 11 to rig, to welcome thcin thereto. But, i lov oil, tie warm and joyful thoughts that they had about their own dwelling there wilienchcon phy, and that for ever and ever. 01.! by what tongue or pen can their glorious joy be cspressel! Thus they caire up to the gate.
Now when th y were come up to the cate, there was written over in letters of gold: •Llussed are they that do his commandments, that th: y may have a right in ihc tree of lif, and may enter in through the gates into te city.'
Then I say in my creara that the shining ren bid thicni call at the gate; the whis, when they di:l, some from above lookel over the git', to wt, Enoc!, Miores, Elijah, &c.; to whom it was said: These pilgrims are come from the City of De struction, for the lors that they bear to the King of this place; and then the pilgrims give in unto them each man his certificate, which they had received in the beginning: those, thertore, were carried in to the King, who, when he had read them, B1: Waerarte mu? To whom it was answered: They are standing without the gate. The king the commanded to open the gate, • Thai the righieous natiou,' buid h, that keepeih truth, may enter in.'
Now, I saw in iny drm that ihose two men went in at the gatr; and lo, as they 'entor d, they were trun:rigurud, and they hall raiment put on tilat shoue like gold.
There wer: Also that met intern with barps and crous, and gave to them the hurps to praise withal, and the crowns in token of honour Then I heard in my dream that all th. bells in the city rang again for joy, and that it was said unto them: "Enter y into the joy of your Lord. I also heird the men themselves, that they Fans with a loud voice, saying: • Blessing, honour, am glory, and power be to Him that sitteth upon the throne, and to the Land), for ever and i'ver'
Now, just as the unies were opened to let in the men, I looked in after them, and behold the city shone like the sun; the streets, also, were paved with gold, and in them walk domy men with crowns on their heads, palms in their hands, and golden harps, to sing praises withal.
DR. JOIIN OWEN.
Dr. Join OWEN (1616–1683), after studying at Oxford for the Church of Englanil, became a Presbyterian, but finally joined the Independents. He wils highly esteemed by the Long Parliament, and wis frequently called upon to preach before them on public occasions. Cromwell, in particular, was so highly pleased with him, that, when going to Ireland, he insisted on:Dr. Owen accompanying liim, for the purpose of regulating and superintending the Coliege of Dublin. Alier spending six months in that city, Owen returned to lais clerical duties in England, from which, however, he wis again speedily called away by Cromwell, who took him in 1650 to Edinburgli, where he spent six months. Subsequently, lie was promoted to the deanery of Christ Church College in Oxford, and soon after, 10 the vice-chancellorship of the university, which offices he held till Cromwell's death. After the Restoration, he was favoured by Lord Clarendon, who offered him a preferment in the church if he would contorm; but this Dr. Owen declined. The persecution of the Nonconformnists repeatedly disposed him to emigrate to New Englanıl, but attachment to his native country prevailed. Notwithstanding liis decided liostility to the church, the amiable dispositions and agreeable manners of Owen procurest him much esteem from many eminent churchimen, among whom was the king himselt, who on one occasion sent for lum, and, after a conversation of two hours, gave liim a thousand guineas to be distributed among those who had sufterech most from the recent persecution. He was a man of extensive learning, and most estimable character. His extreme industry is evinced by the voluminousness of his publications, which amount to no fewer iban seven volumes in folio, twenty in quarto, and about thirty in octavo. Anong these are a collection of “Sermons,' 'An Exposition on the Epistle to the llebrews,!' A Discourse of the Holy Spirit,' and The Divine Original and Authority of the Scriptures.' The stylo of Owen merits little praise. He wrote too rapidly and
carelessly to produce compositions either vigorous or beautiful. Robert Hall entertained a decided antipathy to the writings of this celebrated divine. 'I can't think how you like Dr. Owen,' said he to a friend ; 'I can't read him with any patience; I never read a page of Dr. Owen, sir, without finding some confusion in his thoughts, cither a truism or a contrarliction in terms. Sir, he is a double Dutchinan, floundering in a continent of mud' For moderation in controyersy, Dr. Owen was most honourably distinguished among the theological warriors of bis age.
JOHN HOWE. This able and amiable Nonconformist (1630-1705) was a native of Loughborough, in Leicestershire, where his father was parish minister. He was educated at Cambridge, and was the friend of Cudworth and Henry More. In 1652, he was ordained minister of Great Torrington, in Devonshire. His severe clerical duties is thus described: Upon public fasts he vised to begin at nine in the morning with a prayer of a quarter of an hour, then read and expounded Scripture for about three quarters; prayed an hour, preached another lour, and prayed again for half an hour. The people then sung for a quarter of an hour, during which he retired and took a little refresliment: he then went into the pulpit again, prayed an hour more, preachel another bour, and concluded with a prayer of Jalfan hour!" In 1636, Howe was selected by Cromwell to reside at WhiteJall as one of his chaplains. As he had not coveted the office, he scems never to have liked it. The affected disorderliness of the Protector's family as to religious matters ma le lim despair of doing good in bis office of chaplain, and be conscientiously opposed and preached against a doctrine which is thus stated by Mr. Henry Rogers, the biographer of Howe:
Fanaticism of Cromwell's Court. It was a very prevalent opinion in Cromwell's court, and seems to have been entertained by Cromwell himself, that whenever the special favouriteg' of Heaven of red up their supplications for themselves or others, secret intimations were conVyed to the mind, ihat the particular blessings they implored would be certainly le towed, and even indications usforded of the particular method in which their wishes would be accomplishel. Howu himself confessed to Calamy, in a privata conversation on this subject, that the prevalence of the notion at Whitehall, at the lime he lived there, was too notorious to be denied; that great pains were taken to cherishi and diffuse it; and that he himself had heard a person of pote' preach a Bermon with the avowed design of maintaining and defending it. To point out he pernicious cong quences of such an opinion would be supertiuons. Of course, there could be no lack of “special favourites of Heaven'in av aga and court like those of Cromwi il; and all the dangerous illusions which a fanatical imaginatiou might inspire, and all the consequent horrors to which a fanatical zeal could prompt, would of course plead the sauction of an express revelation.
Howe continued chaplain to the Protector, and, after Oliver's death, be resided in the same capacity with Richard Cromwell. When Richard was set aside, the minister returned to Great Torrington, but
was tjrcted by the Act of Uniformity in 1662. He subsequently officiated as minister in Ireland and London, and found leisure in write iliose admirable works of practical (livinity which have placed him among the most gified and eminent of the Nonconformi-tiivines of England. He has been term:d the Platonic l'uritan.' Thepirine cipal works of John Howe are bis 'Liviny Temple' (1676-1702), a treatise on Delighting in Gol,' • The Biesselness of the Riglie0119,' 'The Vanity of Manis Mortal,' a ' Tractate on the Divine Presene' an Inquiry into the Doctrine of the Trinity,' and 'The Redeemer's Dominion over the Invisible World' (1699). To the excellence of these works all theological writers and critics lave borne testimony. Robert Hall acknowleiiged that he had learned more from John Llullie thu from any other author be ever read, and he said there was an astonishing magnificence in his conceptions.' A collected edition of
we's works, with a Life by Dr. Edmund Calamy, Wils publi-heu in 17.4. Other editions followed, and the latest we have seen is one in three volumes, svo, 1818. with Lite by Rev. J. P. Iwlett. The Lite and Character of John Ilowe, with an Analysis of his Writings,' by Henry Rogers, is a valuable work, and affords a good view of the state of religious parties and controversies in England from the time of the Commonwealth down to the death of Howe.
EDMUND CALAMY-JOHN FLAVELMATTHEW HENRY. EDMUND CALAMY (1600–1666) was originally a clergym:in of the Church of England, but had become a Nonconformist before settling in London as a preacher in 1639. A celebrated production against Episcop:icy, called 'Smeety muuns,' from the initials of the names of the writers, and in which Calamy was concerned, appeared in the following year. He was much in favour with the Presbyterian party; but was, on the whole, a moderate man, and disapproved of those measures which terminated in the death of the king. Ilaving exerted himself to promote the restoration of Charles II. he subsequently received the offer of a bishopric; but, after much deliberation, it was rejected. The passing of the Act of Uniformity in 1662 maile him reiire from luis ministerial duties in the metropolis several years lrefire his death. His sermons were of a plain and practical character; and five of them, published under the title of “The Golly Man's Ark, or a City of Refuge in the Day of his Distress,' acquired much popularity.
Join FLAVEL (1627-1891) was a zealous preacher at Dartmouth, where be suflre severely for his nonconformity. In the pulpit lie Was distinguished for the warmti, fluency, and variety of liis deviso tional exercises, which, like his writings, were somewhat linged with enthusiasm. His works, occupying two filio volumes, are written in a plain and perspicuous style, and some of them are still biglily valued. Among ine Scottish peasantry, many of Flavel's works are popular