A History of Alcatraz Island: 1853-2008
Arcadia Publishing, 2008 - 127 pages
As one of America's most notorious prisons, Alcatraz has been a significant part of California's history for over 155 years. The small, lonely rock, known in sea charts by its Spanish name "Isla de los Alcatraces," or "Island of Pelicans," lay essentially dormant until the 1850s, when the military converted the island into a fortress to protect the booming San Francisco region. Alcatraz served as a pivotal military position until the early 20th century and in 1934 was converted into a federal penitentiary to house some of America's most incorrigible prisoners. The penitentiary closed in 1963, and Alcatraz joined the National Park Service system in 1972. Since then, it has remained a popular attraction as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
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30-caliber Winchester rifle 45 semiautomatic pistol 50 rounds Al Capone Alcatraz inmate Alcatraz Island Bay Area Bill Russell building Bureau of Prisons California Capone Chantel Elder Photography Chuck Stucker's private citadel Collier's magazine Colt 45 semiautomatic Courtesy of Chantel Courtesy of Chuck defense Dorington Emil Rychner escape attempt families Faulk Federal Bureau Gate NRA Park GOGA Golden Gate NRA Herb Pennock history of Alcatraz Interpretation Negative Collection Isla of Alcatraz Island Federal Penitentiary K. C. Jones kids known later laundry left to right lighthouse keepers Madigan McNeil Island McNeil Island Federal McPherson military prison Native American Native American Occupation NRA Park Archives officers Penitentiary in Washington photograph shows Pictured pistol with three Preshaw prison guards rifle with 50 rounds of ammunition San Francisco Bay sentence ships Stroud Stucker's private collection Swope Thompson gun three seven-round clips transferred to Alcatraz U.S. Coast Guard U.S. military unidentified Warden Johnston warden's house