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make a supreme effort to break the could make many turns, but once outbands between the mother country and side he would have to be conquered by the colonies.
main force. No one among all the adherents of Maceo imagined that he could tire Maceo was so great a fighter as he, no out our people. He did not know their one was so brave in battle or so firm grim tenacity, shown as clearly in this in his opinions. The last descendant of war as in the wars of the last two thoua mulatto family, he believed that in sand years. He also thought that the fighting for the Cuban insurrection he United States would lend effective aid was struggling to aid his living kin- and be very tolerant regarding condred and to avenge those of his race traband arms and filibustering expewho had died. This rebellion has ditions. He evidently did not realize lacked the great defenders which the that the promises of certain parties are preceding one bad in Cuba itself. one thing and the resolutions of a govThis struggle of Maceo's has differed ernment quite another. But what he greatly from that of the war of ten most relied upon never happened. He years ago. There would be just as felt sure that the forces commanded great a difference between the warfare by Maximo Gomez, Calixto Garcia and of patrician Greeks, pure patriots, and by his own brother José, would leave a fight started by Cataline or Clodius, their respective positions to save him, Dobles also, but demagogues, and as and seize the trocha, opened by our demagogues of little influence over army in Artemisia, between two fires. Roman society. But this very condi- All this would result in great gain for tion of affairs in Cuba gave more them and great disaster for us; and courage and perseverance to Maceo would win for them, with the help of than to his numerous and envious "neighbor Yankee,” a victory and an rivals. Thus, while in the previous immediate acknowledgment by the war, the insurrection was restricted to Americans of their belligerency, which, the eastern part of the island where the according to them, would be equal to mulattoes, who had gone there from acknowledgment of the Cuban Santo Domingo and Hayti, predomi- nationality and an official consecration nated, this second revolution has spread of its recently obtained independence. all over the island, thanks to Maceo, The expected aid never arrived and the and stopped in the West. There the attack on the trocha, on the eastern side, leader found no more adherents than was merely a wild dream, a fancy as those he took with him because the impossible to realize as the attack on natives of Pinar del Rio were not insur- the west side. gents, but he relied upon the narrow With the suspicion common to men defiles where he could lie in ambush of bis race, Maceo attributed the failure and mock at his enemies. He selected of the asked for help, to the jealousy of his encampments with great skill, and the leaders. There was no room for kept our army continually on the alert, any such feeling in the heart of his without showing his face or appearing brother José, who loved him as well as. to be on his guard. He was well satis- he did himself. Neither were the other fied to crush our detachments when the chiefs in a position to attempt any. strength of his forces
than thing of importance, because there were doubled ours.
too many divisions, too much of a Maceo made his last rash move, not rabble, as we call it, and therefore the realizing, apparently, how daring his army lacked organic strength. undertaking was-not in the advance Maceo was overwhelmed by the force which
rendered comparatively of circumstances. One has only to read easy by the deserted state of the Cleveland's message to see that Maceo country, but in the retreat made impos. occupied a very important position, by sible by our numerous and well placed demanding, first the acknowledgment forces. He was in a labyrinth where he of belligerency, then of independence,
and by begging for intervention, which would have put our heroic men to conwould have been followed by war be- fusion. tween America and Europe.
Courage is one of the most distinctive Moved by this impulse, perfectly traits of our character and never dejustifiable in the imperative necessity serts the Spanish soldier. Cirujeda's of saving himself, he left Pinar del Rio, column, composed of four hundred wellwhere he seemed like an imprisoned trained men, did not count the number lion vainly beating against the bars of of its enemies, but threw itself, blinded his cage, and planned to enter the by the inspiration of battle, into the capital, sack and destroy it by fire, thus thick of the fight with the boldness of creating a general panic, and then take heroes and the abnegation of martyrs. possession of the much coveted island. Such combination of impulsive Therefore, he left his men in Pinar del strength, added to great resisting force, Rio and crossed the trocha, almost on constitutes one of the greatest qualities all fours, according to the account and virtues of Spanish valor. No peogiven by his doctor and adjutant-some ple show more plainly or with more say, however, that he went to sea, loftiness of spirit, their own free will, accompanied by a few resolute fol- than our soldiers, and no nation resigns lowers. He gathered together and itself with such conformity to the detrained the negroes of the middle part crees of Providence and the yoke of of the island in order to work out his fatality which it cannot, by any possibold plan and strike a most daring bility resist, than the Spanish. Thereblow, but he did not count upon the fore, it is characteristic of the national strength of his opponents, nor, perhaps, legion to attempt the impossible, and upon the disorganization of his own if the impossible cannot be obtained at people. The insurgents in the centre the first trial then our men redouble of the island differed utterly from those their efforts and are not unduly elated in the east. When Maceo left behind the over victory nor cast down by defeat, trocha those rebels who had accom- The men of San Quintin, with Cirupanied him from Santiago, he left a jeda as leader, had the boldness to body without a head, and when he went oppose their scanty number against the forward with merely a handful of men, almost overwhelming force of the he took with him a head without a enemy. This boldness was followed by body, a head which was able to think triumph, notwithstanding the great for a few minutes, but which was of no efforts of Maceo, of whose presence our value in actual warfare. Nevertheless, men were ignorant. If the negroes, he intended to make a body, an easier whom the general commanded, had thing to do in the segmentation of those been his daring comrades of long ago crude and incipient organisms than in he would have been able to direct them the true, wise and harmonic combina from the rear guard, as they were tions of perfect organisms. Maceo col- easily managed, but, as his force conlected a rough army in whose ranks sisted of indisciplined men, collected by there was more impetuosity than resist- chance, he had to place himself at the
Nearly four thousand volun- vanguard, in order to stimulate and enteers arose at the sound of his voice courage them. Thus, compelled by the and trumpet, all of them unaccusimperative necessity of fighting hand tomed to regular warfare. When to hand, he could not maintain the they saw our column, they disbanded guard about his person which is indisand the greater part fled, utterly pensable for a safe command. The panic stricken. Only the most valiant military plans, conceived with such and resolute remained with their cleverness, could not be carried out, leader.
owing to the blunders of his men. Even with the few who remained he A valiant handful of heroes terrified would have been able to plan a military the rabble which might have overmovement, which if well carried out, whelmed our men, owing to their supe
riority of numbers. Maceo died, not as adopted nearly twenty years ago at his friends in their wrath have said, Berlin, was far too sanguine and beof poison, but in a fair fight, like a great lated. The view of those who deprehero, conquered by greater heroes. cated the attempt to bolster up the
After a year of warfare, the insur- Turkish Empire has been justified, gents must understand that there is though no one can say with confidence not sufficient strength in the rebellion that, though that enterprise has failed, against Spain. Some agreement must there might not have been considerable be made, for Cuba will always be danger in directly stimulating the imSpanish at heart. The Divine and the patience and flushing the hopes of the national will so decree.
Slavonic race. However, we are not Translated for the LIVING AGE, by Jean Raymond going to dwell on the political aspects
of the precipitation of which our nation has found reason to repent, but rather on the sharp checks frequently administered to the precipitate temper in itself. In relation again to very far
reaching social and constitutional reFrom The Spectator.
forms, it seems to us that the great lesWAITING.
sons taught to the English people There is one aspect of the queen's under this reign have been of the same great reign to which we think suffi- kind,-namely, “Don't let us be in a cient attention has not been given. At hurry; there are a great many reasons all events the greater portion of it, all for not acting precipitately, that has elapsed since she lost the where we are most sure that we should prince consort in 1861, has been for act, and act firmly, too." The great her Majesty a long period of patient social reform of the new poor-law had waiting; and in other senses for the been hardly completed before the people over whom she has reigned, it queen ascended the throne. It was a has been during that period one some- great and unquestionable step in adtimes of patient, sometimes of impa- vance, and yet perhaps one of the most tient, waiting, partly for political, remarkable results of her reign is that partly and increasingly for social, and before its close we are learning that it still more perhaps for personal convic- probably went too far, and that tions, which have been slow in coining, should reconsider and materially modand are not even now coming very ify some of its most conspicuous feafast. The earlier part of her reign was tures. Again, what is
evident marked by one
two precipitate than that the steady and almost tustrokes of policy. The Crimean War, multuous advance of democracy, in if we judge it only from our own point spite of its many and incontestable adof view, was precipitate and mis- vantages, has brought with it great taken; though possibly from the point and incontestable set-offs that have of view of Russia and the Slavs, it may diminished the effectiveness, and have been necessary to convince them to
extent attenuated the that the time had passed for overrun- moral influence, of England in the ning the Continent of Europe after the world. We have gained much popular fashion in which the invasions of the sympathy; we have found
for Huns, and those whom the Huns drove selves mighty allies at the ends of the before them, had been carried out. earth, partly because we have become But from the point of view of those so democratic; but there is far more who hoped to renovate the Turkish Em- doubt than formerly as to what it is pire, it is certain that the policy of the prudent for us to do in Europe, and as Treaty of Paris, and to a certain ex- to the probable effect even of what we tent even that later and much modified have actually done. Our statesmen of and improved policy which
this generation hesitate where
statesmen of the last generation but should be easy to perform with promptly intervened; and find genuine satisfaction. The duty of ourselves hampered and controlled waiting is a duty against which youth in all that seems to
to be at least, revolts, but it is one which, in almost imperatively needed in the almost every sphere of thought, the West, for every great step which we latter part of this reign has enforced take in Asia and Africa. The huge upon us. Clough's great lesson has classes which we have admitted 12 in- been, to our mind, one of the most emfluence our policy do not understand phatic lessons of the last thirty these foreign questions, and yet for years: that very reason their influence strains the action of those who do more "Old things need not be therefore true;"
less understand them. Our new O brother men, nor yet the new; masters fix their minds on very dif. Ah, still awhile the old thought retain, ferent issues, and so are unable to give And yet consider it again. that stimulus to any English foreign
The souls of now two thousand years policy which was given to it in forirer
Have laid up here their toils and fears, generations, even perhaps when vur
And all the earnings of their pain. statesmanship was shortsighted, rasli.
Ah, yet consider it again. and premature.
But what strikes us as even more And in spite of the frequent impatience characteristic of the waiting attitude of the day, the patience, we think, preof England, in the queen's reign is the dominates over the impatience, and inuncertainty, the often patient, as well sists on “considering it again." Take as now and then impatient,
the region of Christian faith. Who has tainty, of its moral and spiritual con- been the characteristic representative victions. The sensationalism of our of the duty of waiting and “considermodern literature, the feverish •Iesire ing it again," except the late poet lauto try new theories, is more than all reate who after stating in the strongdue to the popular discovery that there est form the excuses for doubt, prois a good deal more to be said on every ceeded to say of himself: side of every great question than our fathers seem to have understood, and I falter where I Armly trod, to the impatience felt that we cannot And falling with my weight of cares simultaneously enjoy the strength of Upon the great world's altar stairs great convictions and also throw off That slope through darkness up to God, the incumbrance of great construints.
I stretch lame hands of faith and grope Look at the literature which coacerns
And gather dust and chaff, and call "the new woman." It is little more
To what I feel is Lord of all, than an attempt to state the disadvan
And faintly trust the larger hope. tages,—which are not to be denied, of the inability to be both woman and Whatever else Tennyson has taught man at the same time. The fretful- us, he has certainly taught that ness of much of our literature is mere doubt may be much too confident, tuat revolt against the placid satisfaction doubt should doubt itself as well as that used to prevail at the narrow lim- that which “the souls of now two thouitations of woman's life, and against sand years" have laid upon us as “the the complacent moralities of those who earnings of their pain," and may well say that the duty of waiting, and wait hesitate to cast recklessly away. ing patiently, to see where the limita- Milton said that “they also tions of the old view of women's lot who only stand and wait.” Might he were mischievous and extravagant, not have dispensed with the "only"? and where they were wise and inevi. Is it not one of the most difficult of attable, ought not to be an irksome duty, titudes of mind to stand and wait to
see the issue? For Englishmen at six. "The vision is yet for apleast we believe it to be so, and yet it pointed time, but at the end it shall is often the highest of duties, though speak and not lie. Though it tarry of course we are not for moment wait for it, because it will surely come; denying that it may often be a mere it will not tarry.” excuse for failure to take prompt action where prompt action is a duty, and one of the first of duties. Still, this reign has taught us, alike in matters of political, social, and spiritual
From The National Review. moment, that prompt action may be
“THE OTHER GRACE.” rasb action, and that "Ah, yet
"Add but the other grace--be goodsider it again" may be the wisest of
Why want what the angels vaunt." all counsels. Waiting is not an easy
BROWNING. matter, at all events to the young and Fashions in clothes; fashions in maneager. Men are so driven into action ners; fashions in speech, and fashions by the urgency of outward circum- in heroines; the law finds no excepstance, that they often mistake
the tion. crave for action for its necessity. It is The general idea of how a book comes quite true that a
who acts to be written is, that the author is pos. promptly, though he acts wrongly, sessed by certain characters and incimay often do better in life than a man dents and has no rest until he has who considers it again, and considers described them; it would be better for it again, till the time for wise action literature if it were so. But only to the is altogether past. "Waiting" is so past masters in the craft belongs this difficult just because it often overstays glory of creation; the great mass of the emergency. Still, on the whole we writers do not create—have, that is to think that Englishmen oftener err on say, no independent conception of their the impatient than on the dilatory side. characters; they merely wait until the If we look to our statesmen, we hold masters have clearly created a new that the most conspicuous of the last type, then they take possession of that half-century, Palmerston and Glad- type whatever it may be, dress it up stone, both erred in over-promptitude, anew, place it in fresh surroundings, -Palmerston in foreign policy, Glad- and try to pass it off as a novel creation stone in his latest Irish policy. And if of their own. we look to matters of even deeper mo- The masters have indeed, in this way, ment, we should not scruple to say a good deal to answer for; just as the that most of those thinkers who have, High Priest of Fashion is answerable for instance, taken up the sceptical for a good deal when he thoughtlessly philosophy, who have hastily treated sends every woman in Europe into Darwin's great evolution doctrine as crinoline or large sleeves, as the case destructive of theism, or, like Matthew
A Zola, for instance, or a Arnold or Mr. Goldwin Smith, have re- Hardy, astonishes the world with a garded "the Higher Criticism" as fatal splendid, if brutal, bit of work. The to the Christian revelation, have lost public fancy is fascinated by the type. their heads through their impatience “We must paint life as see it, of considering it again. No doubt nothing like life! passion! virility!" “waiting" may become a disease. But cries every literary dabbler; and forthit is a disease to which Englishmen do with rushes in where even angels might not very often incline until they get well fear to tread. "We can all do it, beyond the age for mature judgment, nothing easier!" they say-and fearful and even then it is not unlikely that and wonderful are the monsters they they may hurry into an error, as Mr. make. It is astonishing, too, how long Gladstone did when he was seventy- they take to tire of them. Long after